Mark Walters

University of Sussex Law School

Falmer

Brighton BN1 9QN

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

31

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4,641

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 34,482

in Total Papers Citations

8

CROSSREF CITATIONS

10

Scholarly Papers (31)

1.

A General Theories of Hate Crime? Strain, Doing Difference and Self Control

(2011) Critical Criminology, 19 (4). pp. 313-330
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 23 Jul 2014
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 2,543 (5,042)

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Hate crime, bias crime, etiology, strain theory, doing difference, self-control theory

2.

Causes and Motivations of Hate Crime

Equality and Human Rights Commission Research Report 102 (2016); ISBN 978-1-84206-678-2
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 17 Feb 2017
Mark Walters, Rupert Brown and Susann Wiedlitzka
University of Sussex Law School, Independent and University of Sussex - School of Law, Politics and Sociology
Downloads 561 (49,723)
Citation 1

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Hate Crime

Hate Crime and the Legal Process: Options for Law Reform

Number of pages: 214 Posted: 31 Jul 2019
University of Sussex Law School, University of Sussex - School of Law, Politics and Sociology, London School of Economics - Law Department and Independent
Downloads 30 (500,492)
Citation 1

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hate crime legislation

4.

Healing Harms and Engendering Tolerance: The Promise of Restorative Justice for Hate Crime

In N. Chakraborti (ed) Hate Crime: Concepts, policy, future directions. Willan Publishing. 2010
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 24 Jul 2014
Mark Walters and Carolyn Hoyle
University of Sussex Law School and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminological Research
Downloads 308 (101,218)

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Hate crime, restorative justice, community mediation

5.

Preventing Hate Crime

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 16 Feb 2017
Mark Walters and Rupert Brown
University of Sussex Law School and Independent
Downloads 213 (147,764)
Citation 5

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6.

Hate Crimes: Legislating to Enhance Punishment

Oxford Handbooks Online, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 2015
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 14 Jun 2016
Jennifer Schweppe and Mark Walters
University of Limerick and University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 176 (176,098)

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Hate Crime, Punishment Enhancement

7.

Restorative Approaches to Working with Hate Crime Offenders

In: N. Chakraborti and G Garland (2014) Responding to hate crime: the case for connecting policy and research. The Policy Press, Bristol, pp. 247-261
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 09 Aug 2014
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 162 (189,032)

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8.

Why the Rochdale Gang Should Have Been Sentenced as 'Hate Crime' Offenders

Criminal Law Review (2). pp. 131-144, 2013
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 09 Aug 2014
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 142 (211,036)
Citation 1

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Hate crime, sentencing, perceived vulnerability, race, racism, religious hostility

9.

Hate Crimes in Australia: Introducing Punishment Enhancers

Criminal Law Journal, 29 (4). pp. 201-216, 2005
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Aug 2014
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 91 (290,723)

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hate crime, punishment enhancers, Australia, retribution, harm

10.

Readdressing Hate Crime: Synthesizing Law, Punishment and Restorative Justice

Hate, politics, law, Oxford University Press, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Jun 2016
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 59 (371,011)
Citation 2

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Gender ‘Hostility’, Rape, and the Hate Crime Paradigm

Modern Law Review, Vol. 77(4), pp. 563-596, 2014
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 14 Jun 2016
Mark Walters and Jessica Tumath
University of Sussex Law School and University of Sussex
Downloads 57 (382,926)

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Hate Crime, Gendered Violence, Rape, Gener Hostility

Gender ‘Hostility’, Rape, and the Hate Crime Paradigm

The Modern Law Review, Vol. 77, Issue 4, pp. 563-596, 2014
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 03 Jul 2014
Mark Walters and Jessica Tumath
University of Sussex Law School and University of Sussex
Downloads 1 (704,052)
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Hate crime, gender hostility, rape, ‘rape myth acceptance’, criminal censure, prejudice

12.

Hate Crime in the UK: Promoting the Values of Dignity and Respect for Young Victims Through Restorative Justice

In: T. Gavrielides (ed) Rights and restoration within youth justice. de Sitter Publications, Whitby, Ontario, 2012
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 09 Aug 2014
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 53 (390,246)

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Hate crime, restorative justice, dignity, respect, young people

13.

Challenging Orthodoxy: Towards a Restorative Approach to Combating the Globalization of Hate

The Globalization of Hate: Internationalizing Hate Crime, Chapter 18, 2016
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 14 Jun 2016
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 40 (437,750)

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Hate Crime, Hate Speech, Globalization, Neoliberal Crime Control, Restorative Justice, Community, Terrorism

14.

Racially Aggravated Offences: When Does Section 145 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 Apply?

Criminal Law Review, No.2, pp.116-123, Feb 2016
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 14 Jun 2016
Abenaa Owusu-Bempah and Mark Walters
London School of Economics - Law Department and University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 29 (487,167)

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Hate Crime, Racially Aggravated Offences, Sentencing

15.

Patterns of Hate Crime: Who, What, When and Where?

Project Report. DEMOS
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 31 Jul 2019
Mark Walters and Alex Krasodomski-Jones
University of Sussex Law School and University of Sussex
Downloads 27 (497,679)

Abstract:

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hate crime

16.

Changing the Criminal Law to Combat Racially Motivated Violence

(2006) UTS Law Review, 8, pp. 66-86
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 09 Aug 2014
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 21 (532,225)

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hate crime, criminal law, racism, racist violence, Cronulla riots

17.

Conceptualizing 'Hostility' for Hate Crime Law: Minding 'the Minutiae' when Interpreting Section 28(1)(A) of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998

(2014) Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 34 (1). pp. 47-74
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 09 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2017
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 21 (532,225)

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hate crime, hostility, racially and religiously aggravated offences

18.

Exploring the Everyday World of Hate Victimization Through Community Mediation

(2012) International Review of Victimology, 18 (1). pp. 7-24
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 23 Jul 2014
Mark Walters and Carolyn Hoyle
University of Sussex Law School and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminological Research
Downloads 19 (544,394)

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Hate crime, restorative justice, community mediation, harm, desistance

19.

Racially and Religiously Aggravated Offences: ‘God’s Gift to Defence’?

Criminal Law Review (6). pp. 463-485, 2019
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 31 Jul 2019
London School of Economics - Law Department, University of Sussex Law School and University of Sussex - School of Law, Politics and Sociology
Downloads 17 (556,555)

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hate crime legislation

20.

Hate Crime and the ‘Justice Gap’: The Case for Law Reform

Criminal Law Review, 12. pp. 961-986, 2018
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 31 Jul 2019
University of Sussex Law School, London School of Economics - Law Department and University of Sussex - School of Law, Politics and Sociology
Downloads 12 (588,074)

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hate crime legislation

21.

Your Pain Is My Pain: Examining the Community Impacts of Islamophobic Hate Crimes

Awan, Imran and Zempi, Irene (eds.) The Routledge international handbook of Islamophobia. Routledge International Handbooks . Routledge, London; New York. ISBN 978-0815353751, 2019
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 31 Jul 2019
Jennifer Paterson, Mark Walters and Rupert Brown
Independent, University of Sussex Law School and Independent
Downloads 11 (594,590)

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22.

Victim Impact Statements in Homicide Cases: Should 'Recognising the Harm Done...To the Community' Signify a New Direction?

(2006) International Journal of Punishment and Sentencing, 2 (2). pp. 53-71
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Jul 2014
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 11 (594,590)

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victim impact statements, homicide, family members, community, sentencing

23.

'I Thought 'He's a Monster'… [but] He Was Just… Normal': Examining the Therapeutic Benefits of Restorative Justice for Homicide

British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 55 (6), pp. 1207-1225, 2015
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 31 Jul 2019
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 10 (601,055)
Citation 1

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Homicide, Murder, Restorative Justice, Therapeutic Justice, Trauma, Harm, Reparation

24.

Legislating to Address Hate Crimes Against the LGBT Community in the Commonwealth

Technical Report. Human Dignity Trust, May 2019; ISBN 978-1-913173-00-5
Number of pages: 96 Posted: 05 Aug 2019
Kay E. Goodall and Mark Walters
Independent and University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 8 (614,432)

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hate crime legislation; Commonwealth; LGBT

25.

Hate Crimes Against Trans People: Assessing Emotions, Behaviors and Attitudes Towards Criminal Justice Agencies

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2017
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 31 Jul 2019
University of Sussex Law School, Independent, Independent and University of Sussex
Downloads 6 (627,711)
Citation 1

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hate crime, transgender, criminal justice attitudes

26.

Group Identity, Empathy and Shared Suffering: Understanding the ‘Community’ Impacts of Anti-LGBT and Islamophobic Hate Crimes

International Review of Victimology, 2019
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 31 Jul 2019
University of Sussex Law School, Independent, University of Sussex and Independent
Downloads 6 (627,711)

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hate crime; anti-LGBT; Islamophobic; community; empathy; intergroup emotions

27.

The Short and Longer Term Impacts of Hate Crimes Experienced Directly, Indirectly and Through the Media

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 45 (7). pp. 994-1010, 2019
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 31 Jul 2019
Jennifer Paterson, Rupert Brown and Mark Walters
Independent, Independent and University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 5 (634,590)

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hate crime, intergroup emotions, social identity theory

28.

Feeling for and as a Group Member: Understanding LGBT Victimisation via Group-based Empathy and Intergroup Emotions

British Journal of Social Psychology, 58 (1). pp. 211-224, 2019
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 31 Jul 2019
Jennifer Paterson, Rupert Brown and Mark Walters
Independent, Independent and University of Sussex Law School
Downloads 2 (659,056)
Citation 2

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29.

Understanding Victim Group Responses to Hate Crime: Shared Identities, Perceived Similarity and Intergroup Emotion

Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology 2018, 25 (2). pp. 163-177
Posted: 05 Aug 2019
Jennifer Paterson, Rupert Brown and Mark Walters
University of Northumbria at Newcastle, Independent and University of Sussex Law School

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30.

Introduction for: Hate Crime and Restorative Justice: Exploring Causes, Repairing Harms

Oxford University Press: Clarendon Series, 2014
Posted: 14 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2017
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School

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Hate Crime, Restorative Justice, Harm, Community, Reparation, Desistance

31.

Cops and Consultation: Police Accountability Community Teams in New South Wales

(2005) Alternative Law Journal, 30 (3). pp. 112-115
Posted: 23 Jul 2014
Mark Walters
University of Sussex Law School

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community policing, PACTS, New South Wales