Barry Cushman

Notre Dame Law School

P.O. Box 780

Notre Dame, IN 46556-0780

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

39

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5,956

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 34,765

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3

CROSSREF CITATIONS

15

Scholarly Papers (39)

1.

The Great Depression and the New Deal

Chapter 8 in THE CAMBRIDGE HISTORY OF LAW IN AMERICA, Vol. 3: The Twentieth Century and After (1920–), Grossberg and Tomlins, eds., 2008, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1312
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 14 Jul 2005 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 727 (35,472)

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Great Depression, New Deal, legal history, constitutional history

2.

Formalism and Realism in Commerce Clause Jurisprudence

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 67, No. 4, pp. 1089, 2000, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1313
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 15 May 2000 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 436 (68,405)
Citation 1

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Civil War, World War 11, commerce clause, constitutional law, constitutional history, due process, jurisprudence

3.

Inside the 'Constitutional Revolution' of 1937

2016 Sup. Ct. Rev. 367 (2017), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1764
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 19 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2019
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 350 (88,590)

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Hughes Court, switch-in-time, Constitutional Revolution, West Coast Hotel v. Parrish, Minimum Wage Cases, Labor Board Cases, Wagner Act Cases, NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin, Social Security Cases, Helvering v. Davis, Steward Machine Co. v. Davis, Court-packing

4.

Carolene Products and Constitutional Structure

2012 Sup. Ct. Rev. 321 (2013), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1303, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-25
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 29 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2016
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 247 (128,917)

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Constitutional Structure, Substantive Due Process, Federalism, Carolene Products, Hammer v. Dagenhart, Fair Labor Standards Act, United States v. Darby, Child Labor

5.

Teaching the Lochner Era

62 St. Louis U. L.J. 537 (2018), Notre Dame Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1845
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 24 Jul 2018
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 226 (140,710)

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Lochner Era, Lochner v. New York, switch-in-time, substantive due process, Nebbia v. New York, West Coast Hotel v. Parrish, liberty of contract, A-to-B laws, price regulation, rate regulation, minimum wage, Lochner revisionism

6.

The Secret Lives of the Four Horsemen

University of Virginia Law Review, Vol. 83, 1997, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1317
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 21 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 01 May 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 205 (154,340)

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Four Horsemen, Willis Van Devanter, James Clark McReynolds, George Sutherland, Pierce Butler, New Deal, Hughes Court

7.

Lochner, Liquor, and Longshoremen: A Puzzle in Progressive Era Federalism

Journal of Maritime Law & Commerce, Vol. 32, No. 1, January, 2001, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1331, UVA School of Law, Public Working Paper No. 00-14
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 07 Dec 2000 Last Revised: 06 Jun 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 201 (157,203)

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Admiralty, Commerce Clause, Legal History, Constitutional Law, Southern Pacific v. Jensen, Cooperative Federalism, Constitutional Structure

8.

The Clerks of the Four Horsemen, Part I

39 J. Sup. Ct. Hist. 386 (2014), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1442
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 19 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2015
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 199 (158,735)
Citation 1

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Supreme Court clerks, Four Horsemen, Van Devanter, McReynolds, Sutherland, Butler, legal history, constitutional history

9.

Clerking for Scrooge

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 70, 2003, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1315
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 17 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 18 Sep 2017
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 196 (161,008)

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John Knox, Justice McReynolds, clerkship, New Deal, Hughes Court

10.

Headline Kidnappings and the Origins of the Lindbergh Law

St. Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 55, No. 4 (2011), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 11-42, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-37
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 19 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 191 (164,825)

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Legal History, Criminal Law, Lindbergh Law, Kidnapping, St. Louis History

11.

Some Varieties and Vicissitudes of Lochnerism

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 85, 881-1000, 2005, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1314
Number of pages: 121 Posted: 08 Jul 2005 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 186 (168,810)

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Lochner, constitutional history, substantive due process

12.

The Structure of Classical Public Law

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 75, 2008, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1316
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 15 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 01 May 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 169 (183,771)

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Classical legal thought, Duncan Kennedy, constitutional history, legal consciousness, structuralism

13.

Court-Packing and Compromise

CONSTITUTIONAL COMMENTARY, Vol. 29, No. 1 (2013), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1450
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 19 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 18 Sep 2017
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 156 (196,765)
Citation 2

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Franklin D. Roosevelt, Court-Packing Plan, Supreme Court, Homer Cummings, Joseph Robinson, Charles Evan Hughes, Owen J. Roberts, Willis Van Devanter, George Sutherland

14.

The Limits of the New Deal Analogy

15 Green Bag 2D 139 (2012), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1337, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-07
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 156 (196,765)

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New Deal, Hughes Court, Roberts Court, Congress, Franklin Roosevelt, Barack Obama, Affordable Care Act

15.

NFIB v. Sebelius and the Transformation of the Taxing Power

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 89, 134-198 (2013), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1309
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 04 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 08 Jan 2014
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 155 (197,870)

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child labor reform, Child Labor Tax Case, Bailey v. Drexel Furniture, Affordable Care Act, NFIB v. Sebelius, regulatory taxation, legal history, constitutional law, taxing power

16.

Inside the Taft Court: Lessons from the Docket Books

2015 Sup. Ct. Rev. 345 (2016), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1621
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 20 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2019
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 152 (201,091)

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Taft Court, docket books, unanimity norms, vote fluidity, freshman effect

17.

The Jurisprudence of the Hughes Court: The Recent Literature

89 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1929 (2014), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1423
Number of pages: 101 Posted: 13 Jun 2014
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 150 (203,314)

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Constitutional Law, Legal History, Constitutional History, Hughes Court, Supreme Court, Commerce Clause, Due Process, Spending Power, Charles Evans Hughes, Owen Roberts

18.

The Man on the Flying Trapeze

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol. 15, 2012, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1336, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-06
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 29 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 148 (205,621)

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New Deal, Hughes Court, Court-packing plan, Jeff Shesol

19.

The Place of Economic Crisis in American Constitutional Law: The Great Depression As a Case Study

Forthcoming, Liberal Constitutions in Financial Crises, Tom Ginsburg, Mark Rosen, & Georg Vanberg, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2019, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1847
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 11 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2018
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 144 (210,316)

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Hughes Court, Great Depression, New Deal, Constitutional Law, Judicial Review

20.

Ambiguities of Free Labor Revisited: The Convict-Labor Question in Progressive-Era New York

In MAKING LEGAL HISTORY: ESSAYS ON THE INTERPRETATION OF LEGAL HISTORY IN HONOR OF WILLIAM E. NELSON, R.B. Bernstein, Daniel J. Hulsebosch, eds., New York University Press, 2013 , Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1449, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-16
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 12 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 19 Sep 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 127 (232,208)

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free labor, substantive due process, equal protection, dormant commerce clause, convict labor, New York, legal history, constitutional history, William E. Nelson, Lochner

21.

The Hughes Court and Constitutional Consultation

The Journal of Supreme Court History, Vol. 79, 1998, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1318
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 25 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 01 May 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 126 (233,614)

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Hughes Court, Supreme Court Historical Society, Great Depression, New Deal, legal history, constitutional history

22.

The Hughes-Roberts Visit

The Green Bag, Vol. 15, 2012, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1338, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-15
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 14 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 124 (236,446)

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New Deal, Hughes Court, Owen Roberts, Charles Evans Hughes, Frances Perkins

23.

The Securities Laws and the Mechanics of Legal Change

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 95, No. 4 (Jun., 2009), pp. 927-939
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 11 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 10 Mar 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 118 (245,379)

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SEC, Roosevelt, New Deal

24.

The Clerks of the Four Horsemen (Part II)

40 J. Sup. Ct. Hist. 55 (2015), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1507
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 28 Mar 2015
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 97 (281,107)

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Supreme Court clerks, Four Horsemen, Van Devanter, McReynolds, Sutherland, Butler, legal history, constitutional history

25.

Mr. Dooley and Mr. Gallup: Public Opinion and Constitutional Change in the 1930s

Buffalo Law Review, Vol. 50, 2002, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1320
Number of pages: 97 Posted: 17 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 01 May 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 90 (294,863)

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Public Opinion, New Deal, Hughes Court, George Gallup, Elmo Roper, labor, federal regulatory power, redistribution, fiscal policy, relief, social security

26.

Tax Recognition

St. Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 58, p. 825, 2014, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1409
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 28 Mar 2014
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 88 (299,065)

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wills, trusts, estates, estate tax, gift tax, generation-skipping transfer tax, income tax, teaching

27.

Lost Fidelities

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 41, 1999, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1319
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 15 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 01 May 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 83 (310,156)

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Owen Roberts, New Deal, Hughes Court, constitutional revolution, substantive due process, economic regulation, Lochner, Nebbia

28.

Justice Brandeis and Substantive Due Process

19 Green Bag 2d 145 (2016), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1612
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 02 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2019
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 75 (329,119)

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Justice Louis D. Brandeis, substantive due process

29.

The Hughes Court Docket Books: The Early Terms, 1929-1933

40 J. Sup. Ct. Hist. 103 (2015), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1524
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 17 Sep 2015
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 75 (329,119)

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Hughes Court, docket books, vote fluidity, unanimity norms, freshman effect

30.

The Judicial Reforms of 1937

William & Mary L. Rev., Vol. 61, 2020, Forthcoming, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1939
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 05 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2019
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 72 (336,717)

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New Deal, Injunctions, Judicial Appointments, Three-Judge Panel, Judicial Procedure, Federal Jurisdiction, Federal Courts

31.

The Missing Justice in Coleman v. Miller

42 J. Sup. Ct. Hist. 67 (2017), Notre Dame Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1712
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 03 Mar 2017
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 71 (339,377)

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32.

Federalism

The Cambridge Companion to the United States Constitution 185-223 (Karen Orren & John Compton, eds., 2018), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1922
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 28 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2019
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 67 (350,220)

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Federalism, U.S. Constitution, Supreme Court

33.

The Hughes Court Docket Books: The Late Terms, 1937-1940

American Journal of Legal History, Vol. 55, December 2015, Forthcoming, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1525
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 25 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2015
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 65 (355,753)

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Hughes Court, docket books, unanimity norms, vote fluidity, freshman effect

34.

Intestate Succession in a Polygamous Society

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 23, No. 281, 1991, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1422
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 31 May 2014 Last Revised: 04 Jun 2014
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 65 (355,753)

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wills, trusts, estates, succession, inheritance, polygamy, Utah, Mormons, legal history, ecclesiastical courts

35.

The Court-Packing Plan as Symptom, Casualty, and Cause of Gridlock

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 88:5, 2013, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1460
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Nov 2013
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 62 (364,528)

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Franklin D. Roosevelt, Court-Packing Plan, Supreme Court, Hatton Sumners, Henry Fountain Ashurst, William Borah, Burton Wheeler, Homer Cummings, Joseph Robinson, Charles Evan Hughes

36.

Vote Fluidity on the Hughes Court: The Critical Terms, 1934-1936

2017 U. Ill. L. Rev. 269 (2017), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1611
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 02 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2019
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 53 (392,977)

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Hughes Court, vote fluidity, unanimity norms, docket books

37.

Doctrinal Synergies and Liberal Dilemmas: The Case of the Yellow-Dog Contract

1992 Supreme Court Review 235 (1993), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1435
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 12 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2014
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 42 (432,824)

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U.S. Constitutional Law: Interpretation and Judicial Review,;U.S. Constitutional Law: Rights and Liberties; U.S. Constitutional Law: Separation of Powers and Federalism Labor Law; Law & Society: Public Law - Constitutional Law, Legal History

38.

The Decline of Revocation by Physical Act

54 Real Prop., Tr. & Est. L.J. 243 (2019), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 200116
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 10 Feb 2020 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2020
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 38 (449,279)

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Revocation, Physical Act, Wills, Trusts, Life Insurance, Nonprobate Transfers, Will Substitutes

39.

Interpreting Secretary Perkins

18 Green Bag 2d 13 (2014), Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1445
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 11 Dec 2014
Barry Cushman
Notre Dame Law School
Downloads 24 (518,163)

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New Deal, Hughes Court, Owen Roberts, Charles Evans Hughes, Frances Perkins