Paul J. Heald

University of Illinois College of Law

Professor of Law

504 E. Pennsylvania Avenue

Champaign, IL 61820

United States

http://www.law.illinois.edu/faculty/profile/PaulHeald

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

36

DOWNLOADS
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19,176

CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 12,306

in Total Papers Citations

32

Scholarly Papers (36)

1.
Downloads 5,657 ( 1,117)

How Copyright Keeps Works Disappeared

Illinois Program in Law, Behavior and Social Science Paper No. LBSS14-07, Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 13-54
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 06 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2014
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 5,653 (1,101)

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empirical, Amazon, Youtube, public domain, DMCA, secondary liability, copyright, term extension

How Copyright Keeps Works Disappeared

Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Vol. 11, Issue 4, pp. 829-866, 2014
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 29 Oct 2014
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 4 (609,756)
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2.

Random Walks, Non-Cooperative Games, and the Complex Mathematics of Patent Pricing

Number of pages: 109 Posted: 10 Jun 2003
Frank Russell Denton and Paul J. Heald
Independent and University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 1,327 (13,129)
Citation 4

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patents, Black-Scholes, game theory, valuation, pricing, variance, random walk, licensing, damages, royalties, options, Nash, mathematics

3.

Do Bad Things Happen When Works Enter the Public Domain?: Empirical Tests of Copyright Term Extension

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Forthcoming, Chicago-Kent College of Law Research Paper No. 2012-04
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 15 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 15 Jul 2017
Christopher Buccafusco and Paul J. Heald
Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law and University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 1,122 (17,001)

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copyright, term, extension, underexploitation, over-exploitation, Disney, Mickey Mouse, tarnishment, debasement, market, value, experiment, economics, intellectual property

4.

A Transaction Cost Theory of Patent Law

Ohio State Law Journal, Vol. 66, p. 473, 2005
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 28 Apr 2003
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 1,006 (19,992)
Citation 6

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patents, transaction costs, new institutional economics, team production, asset partition, technology transfer, incentives

5.

Property Rights and the Efficient Exploitation of Copyrighted Works: An Empirical Analysis of Public Domain and Copyrighted Fiction Best Sellers

UGA Legal Studies Research Paper No. 07-003, 2nd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 14 Jan 2007
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 896 (23,698)
Citation 6

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copyright, public domain, congestion, externalities

6.

Veggie Tales: Pernicious Myths About Patents, Innovation, and Crop Diversity in the Twentieth Century

Illinois Program in Law, Behavior and Social Science Paper No. LBSS11-34, Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 11-03
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 17 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 28 Nov 2014
Paul J. Heald and Susannah Chapman
University of Illinois College of Law and University of Georgia Department of Anthropology
Downloads 723 (32,059)

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patents, crop diversity, vegetables, corn, apples, RAFI, Fowler, commercialization, varieties

7.

Crop Diversity Report Card for the Twentieth Century: Diversity Bust or Diversity Boom?

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 31 Aug 2009
Paul J. Heald and Susannah Chapman
University of Illinois College of Law and University of Georgia Department of Anthropology
Downloads 722 (32,121)

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vegetable varieties, crop diversity, crop varieties, patents, RAFI, seeds, biodiversity, tomatoes, peppers, garden beans

8.

The Valuation of Unprotected Works: A Case Study of Public Domain Photographs on Wikipedia

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 06 Feb 2015
Paul J. Heald, Kris Erickson and Martin Kretschmer
University of Illinois College of Law, School of Media and Communication and University of Glasgow
Downloads 620 (39,389)

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public domain, copyright, valuation, econometrics, Wikipedia, photographs, composers, lyricists, value

9.

The Death of Law and Literature

UGA Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-006
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 May 2009
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 574 (43,604)

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Law and Literature, Dorfman, Death and the Maiden, rhetoric, Fish, White, Weisberg, transitional justice

10.

Patents and Vegetable Crop Diversity

UGA Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-017
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 17 Nov 2009
Susannah Chapman and Paul J. Heald
University of Georgia Department of Anthropology and University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 550 (46,062)

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vegetables, crops, patents, varieties, commercialization, intellectual property, plants, PVPA, Plant Variety Protection Act, innovation

11.

Trademark Infringement, Trademark Dilution, and the Decline in Sharing of Famous Brand Names: An Introduction and Empirical Study

GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 510, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 510, UGA Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-15
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 23 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2010
Robert Brauneis and Paul J. Heald
George Washington University - Law School and University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 535 (47,688)

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trademark infringement, trademark dilution, empirical, statistics, famous trademarks, well-known trademarks, dilution, brand names

12.

'Your Friend in the Rain Forest': An Essay on the Rhetoric of Biopiracy

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 30 Sep 2001
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 473 (55,731)
Citation 1

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bio-piracy, biopiracy, intellectual property, patent, biodiversity, bio-diversity, pharmaceutical, agribusiness, plant genetic resources, germplasm, indigenous, long term occupant

13.

The Demand for Out-of-Print Works and Their (Un)Availability in Alternative Markets

Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 14-31
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 15 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2015
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 382 (72,173)

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copyright, eBooks, iTunes, term extension, public domain, mp3, libraries, Amazon, Abebooks, data, empirical, books, music, songs, out-of-print

14.

Means/Ends Analysis in Copyright Law: Eldred v. Ashcroft in One Act

Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, Vol. 36, pp. 99-122, 2002
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 19 Mar 2012
Dan T. Coenen and Paul J. Heald
University of Georgia Law School and University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 358 (77,825)

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Eldred v. Ashcroft, Constitutional Law, Public Domain, Copyright, Intellectual Property

15.

Mowing the Playing Field: Addressing Information Distortion and Asymmetry in the Trips Game

Vanderbilt Law and Economics Research Paper No. 02-21; Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 02-15
Number of pages: 100 Posted: 09 Aug 2002
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 347 (80,623)
Citation 4

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16.

Optimal Remedies for Patent Infringement: A Transactional Model

U of Chicago Law & Economics, Olin Working Paper No. 431, U of Chicago, Public Law Working Paper No. 236
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 05 Oct 2008
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 333 (84,588)
Citation 2

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patent, remedies, hold up, troll, injunctions, damages, royalty, license, efficiency, economics, Coase, transactional costs

17.

The Problem of Social Cost in a Genetically Modified Age

UGA Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-004
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 31 Jan 2006
Paul J. Heald and James Charles Smith
University of Illinois College of Law and University of Georgia School of Law
Downloads 323 (87,518)
Citation 1

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patents, GMO, pollen, agriculture, Coase, law and economics, nuisance

18.

Testing the Over- and Under-Exploitation Hypotheses: Bestselling Musical Compositions (1913-32) and Their Use in Cinema (1968-2007)

U of Chicago, Public Law Working Paper No. 234, U of Chicago Law & Economics, Olin Working Paper No. 429, University of Georgia School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1115405, 3rd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Papers
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 14 Sep 2010
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 297 (96,050)
Citation 2

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Copyright, Musical Composition

19.

Permanent Injunctions as Punitive Damages in Patent Infringement Cases

Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 10-38
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 26 May 2011 Last Revised: 03 Jan 2015
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 281 (101,983)
Citation 1

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20.

American Corporate Copyright: A Brilliant, Uncoordinated Plan

Journal of Intellectual Property Law, Vol. 12, p. 489, 2005
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 16 Oct 2005
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 258 (111,488)

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Copyright, Eldred, CTEA

21.

Copyright and the Value of the Public Domain: An Empirical Assessment

Intellectual Property Office Research Paper, 2015 Forthcoming, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-16
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 28 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2015
School of Media and Communication, University of Illinois College of Law, University of Zurich - Institute for Organization and Administrative Science, University of Glasgow and Bournemouth University
Downloads 255 (112,893)

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Public domain, copyright, innovation, SMEs, creativity, crowdfunding, wikipedia, open source, media, intellectual property

22.

Apple Diversity Report Card for the Twentieth Century: Patents and Other Sources of Innovation in the Market for Apples

UGA Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-01
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 28 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 20 Dec 2013
Susannah Chapman and Paul J. Heald
University of Georgia Department of Anthropology and University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 242 (119,103)

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patents, plants, fruits, apples, diversity, heirloom, varieties, USDA, innovation, import, importation

23.

Testing Tarnishment in Trademark and Copyright Law: The Effect of Pornographic Versions of Protected Marks and Works

Washington University Law Review, Vol. 94, 2017
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 09 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2017
Christopher Buccafusco, Paul J. Heald and Wen Bu
Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, University of Illinois College of Law and Independent
Downloads 218 (132,069)

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tarnishment, dilution, copyright, infringement, parody, satire, survey, empirical, intellectual property, experiment

24.

How Notice-and-Takedown Regimes Create Markets for Music on YouTube: An Empirical Study

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 28 Mar 2014
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 215 (133,803)

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copyright, YouTube, DMCA, notice, takedown, songs, safe harbor, public domain

25.

Transaction Costs and Patent Reform

Santa Clara Computer & High Technology Law Journal, Vol. 23, 2007, UGA Legal Studies Research Paper No. 07-009
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 05 Apr 2007
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 206 (139,324)

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patents, inventions, coase, transaction costs, ebay, reform

More Music in Movies: What Box Office Data Reveals About the Availability of Public Domain Songs in Movies from 1968-2008

Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 31-54, 2012, Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 11-23
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 22 Apr 2013
University of Illinois College of Law, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Statistics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Statistics and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Statistics
Downloads 109 (237,435)

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More Music in Movies: What Box Office Data Reveals About the Availability of Public Domain Songs in Movies from 1968-2008

Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 11-23
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 09 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 14 Jun 2012
University of Illinois College of Law, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Downloads 72 (310,133)

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copyright, movies, songs, music, empirical, public domain, term extension

27.

The Public Domain

Richard Watt (ed.), The Law and Economics of Copyright (Routledge 2014), Forthcoming, Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 14-21
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 04 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2014
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 173 (163,481)

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public domain, copyright, term extension, model, amazon, abebooks, used books

28.

The Myth of Buick Aspirin: An Empirical Study of Trademark Dilution by Product and Trade Names

Cardozo Law Review, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2011, UGA Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-6
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 06 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 02 Aug 2011
Paul J. Heald and Robert Brauneis
University of Illinois College of Law and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 155 (179,603)

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trademark, dilution, empirical, buick

29.

Meeting of the Minds, Episode II: A Dark and Angry God Arises

University of Georgia Legal Studies Research Paper No. 07-006
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 20 Feb 2007
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 141 (194,161)

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law and literature, religion, capital punishment, seneca, milner ball, c.s. lewis, columbine, retribution

30.

A Critical Analysis of Mansfield's Canonical 1994 Survey

Journal of Intellectual Property Law, Vol. 10, Spring 2003
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 16 Apr 2003
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 138 (197,552)

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Mansfield, technology transfer, developing countries, patent, trade secrets

31.

Copyright Reversion to Authors (and the Rosetta Effect): An Empirical Study of Reappearing Books

Number of pages: 60 Posted: 12 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2018
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 133 (203,433)

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books, authors, copyright, publishing, reversion, termination, rosetta, reversionary, ebooks

32.

Infringement as Nuisance: Intellectual Property Rights and the Problem of Social Cost

Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 13-32
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 04 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 01 Jan 2015
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 112 (231,678)

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Coase, intellectual property,patent, copyright, trademark, nuisance, infringement

33.

What Constitutes Evidence for Copyright Policy?

Create Working Paper No. 1, January 2013, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-30
Number of pages: 136 Posted: 01 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 11 Oct 2016
University of Glasgow, Bournemouth University - Business School, Nesta, University of Nottingham, School of law, affiliation not provided to SSRN, School of Media and Communication, Intellectual Property Office (IPO), Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Faculty of History and Arts, University of Illinois College of Law, Independent, Independent, University College London, University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Glasgow, Bournemouth University, Independent and University of Exeter - School of Law
Downloads 85 (278,261)

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copyright, evidence, methodology

34.

Christian Libertarianism and the Curious Lack of Religious Objections to the Patenting of Life Forms in the United States

University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-06
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 30 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 20 Dec 2016
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 59 (340,224)

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35.

Bestselling Musical Compositions (1913-32) and Their Use in Cinema (1968-2007)

Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues, Vol. 6 No. 2, pp. 31-60, 2009
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 01 Feb 2010
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 57 (345,895)
Citation 4

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36.

Reviving the Rhetoric of the Public Interest: Choir Directors, Copy Machines, and New Arrangements of Public Domain Music

Duke Law Journal, Vol. 46, No. 241, 1996
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 14 Sep 2013
Paul J. Heald
University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 22 (482,966)
Citation 1

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copyright, public domain