Deborah Hellman

University of Virginia School of Law

580 Massie Road

Charlottesville, VA 22903

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

31

DOWNLOADS
Rank 6,285

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 6,285

in Total Papers Downloads

12,395

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 27,802

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 27,802

in Total Papers Citations

29

CROSSREF CITATIONS

10

Scholarly Papers (31)

1.

Measuring Algorithmic Fairness

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-39, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2019-15, Virginia Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 16 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2020
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 2,169 (12,861)
Citation 8

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discrimination, algorithms, fairness, equal protection

2.

The Algorithmic Leviathan: Arbitrariness, Fairness, and Opportunity in Algorithmic Decision Making Systems

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2021-13
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 17 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 21 Dec 2021
Kathleen Creel and Deborah Hellman
Stanford University and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,354 (26,595)

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3.

RATIONING AND DISABILITY: THE CIVIL RIGHTS AND WRONGS OF STATE TRIAGE PROTOCOLS

Washington and Lee Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-33
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 07 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2021
Deborah Hellman and Kate Nicholson
University of Virginia School of Law and Independent
Downloads 1,167 (33,058)
Citation 1

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Covid-19, Disability, Rationing, Health care, Discrimination, Disparate Impact

4.

Money Talks but it Isn't Speech

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 95, p. 953, 2011, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-18
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 11 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2011
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 950 (44,235)

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freedom of speech, constitutional rights

5.

Indirect Discrimination and the Duty to Avoid Compounding Injustice

Foundations of Indirect Discrimination Law, Hart Publishing Company, 2018, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-53
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 08 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 31 Oct 2017
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 653 (73,293)

Abstract:

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6.

Big Data and Compounding Injustice

Journal of Moral Philosophy 1-22 (2023), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2021-27
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 May 2021 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2023
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 619 (77,952)

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Algorithms, Artificial intelligence, big data, Discrimination, injustice, ethics, accuracy, disparate impact

7.

Discrimination and Social Meaning

THE ROUTLEDGE HANDBOOK OF THE ETHICS OF DISCRIMINATION, edited by Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2018 Forthcoming), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-57
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 04 Oct 2017
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 610 (79,386)
Citation 1

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8.

A Theory of Bribery

Cardozo Law Review, Vol. 38, No. 6, August 2017, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2016-47
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 25 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 28 Aug 2017
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 594 (82,071)

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9.

Two Concepts of Discrimination

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 102, 2016, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 47
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 30 Aug 2015
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 590 (82,746)
Citation 3

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equal protection, discrimination, disparate impact, rationality, due process

10.

Defining Corruption and Constitutionalizing Democracy

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 111, 2012, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-16, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-59
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 14 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 27 Sep 2012
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 447 (116,331)
Citation 1

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corruption, campaign finance, legislative corruption, Supreme Court

11.

The Epistemic Commitments of Nondiscrimination

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-60
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 05 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2021
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 349 (153,838)

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discrimination, moral encroachment on epistemic norms

12.

Sex, Causation, and Algorithms: Equal Protection in the Age of Machine Learning

98 WASH. U. L. REV. (2020 Forthcoming), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-26
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 13 Mar 2020
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 309 (175,229)

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discrimination, equal protection, algorithms, machine learning, “real differences,” sex discrimination

13.

Defining Disparate Treatment: A Research Agenda for Our Times

Indiana Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2023-32
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 07 Apr 2023
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 298 (182,652)

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Disparate treatment, discrimination, equal protection, Title VII, Title IX, legal theory, race, sex, religion

14.

The Expressive Dimension of Equal Protection

Number of pages: 87 Posted: 07 Aug 2000
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 298 (182,652)
Citation 6

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15.

Equality and Unconstitutional Discrimination: Chapter 3 in Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law

Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law, Oxford University Press, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-38
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 04 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 05 Oct 2013
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 269 (202,263)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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16.

Judging by Appearances: Professional Ethics, Expressive Government and the Morality of How Things Seem

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 05 May 2003
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 211 (255,675)
Citation 2

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appearance of impropriety, governmental action, legal philosophy, state action, constitutional law, philsophy and law

17.

Willfully Blind for Good Reason

Criminal Law and Philosophy, Vol. 3, pp. 301-316, 2009, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-50
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 20 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2017
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 156 (333,619)

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willful blindness, contrived ignorance, culpable blindness, justification

18.

Political Corruption

Oxford Handbook of American Election Law (Eugene Mazo, ed.), forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2023-37
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Apr 2023
Michael D. Gilbert and Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 141 (362,002)

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corruption, appearance of corruption, bribery, campaign finance, vote buying, impeachment, emoluments, secret ballot

19.

Liberty, Equality, Bribery, and Self-Government: Reframing the Campaign Finance Debate

Democracy by the People: Reforming Campaign Finance in America (Kuhner & Mazo eds., Cambridge UP, 2018, Forthcoming), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-47
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 29 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 31 Oct 2017
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 138 (368,165)

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20.

Two Types of Discrimination: The Familiar and the Forgotten

California Law Review, Vol. 86, p. 315, 1998
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 16 Mar 2012
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 133 (378,784)

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Equal Protection Doctrine, non-proxy cases, proxy cases

21.

An Epistemic Defense of Precedent

An Epistemic Defense of Precedent, in Precedent in the U.S. Supreme Court, Christopher J. Peters, editor, Springer, 2013.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 17 Oct 2017
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 123 (402,146)

Abstract:

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22.

Is Actuarially Fair Insurance Pricing Actually Fair?: A Case Study in Insuring Battered Women

Harvard Civil Rights- Civil Liberties Law Review (CR-CL), Vol. 32, No. 2, 1997
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 30 Oct 2017
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 122 (404,503)
Citation 3

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23.

Personal Responsibility in an Unjust World: A Reply to Eidelson

The American Journal of Law and Equality (Forthcoming), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2021-28
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 05 May 2021
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 119 (412,008)

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24.

Opioid Prescribing and the Ethical Duty to Do No Harm

Kate Nicholson & Deborah Hellman, Opioid Prescribing and the Ethical Duty to Do No Harm, 46 Am. J.L. & Med., Forthcoming June 2020, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-48
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 28 May 2020 Last Revised: 23 Jul 2020
Kate Nicholson and Deborah Hellman
Independent and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 116 (419,877)
Citation 1

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chronic pain, pain opioids, opioid prescribing, “Do No Harm”, medical ethics, public health, civil rights

25.

The Epistemic Function of Fusing Equal Protection and Due Process

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-46
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 15 Aug 2019
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 94 (486,672)

Abstract:

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26.

Equal Protection in the Key of Respect

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 123, 2014
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Aug 2018
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 72 (570,612)
Citation 1

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27.

What Makes Genetic Discrimination Exceptional?

American Journal of Law and Medicine, Vol. 29, pp. 77-116, 2003
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 06 Oct 2003 Last Revised: 24 Oct 2017
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 68 (588,285)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Genetic, discrimination

28.

Resurrecting the Neglected Liberty of Self-Government

University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online: Vol. 164: Iss. 2, Article 4 (2016)
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 15 Nov 2017
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 65 (602,158)
Citation 1

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29.

Prosecuting Doctors for Trusting Patients

George Mason Law Review, Vol. 16, pp. 701-745, 2009, University of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-35
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 24 Sep 2009
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 57 (642,649)

Abstract:

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physicians, prosecuting, doctors, prosecutions

30.

The Importance of Appearing Principled

Arizona Law Review, Vol. 37, No. 4, 1995
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 30 Oct 2017
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 56 (648,089)
Citation 3

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31.

Money and Rights

MONEY, POLITICS & THE CONSTITUTION: BEYOND CITIZENS UNITED, Chapter 5, p 51-75, Monica Youn, ed., Brennan Center for Justice, 2011, New York University Review of Law & Social Change, Vol. 35, No. 3, p. 526, 2011, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-46
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 23 Sep 2011
Deborah Hellman
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 48 (693,976)

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Democracy, Campaign Finance Reform, Contribution Limits, Other Reforms, Disclosure, Public Financing