Howard J. Wall

Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment

209 S. Kingshighway

St. Charles, MO 63301

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

49

DOWNLOADS
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in Total Papers Downloads

4,819

CITATIONS
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Top 3,301

in Total Papers Citations

157

Scholarly Papers (49)

1.

NAFTA and the Geography of North American Trade

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2000-017B
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 01 Jan 2001
Howard J. Wall
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 625 (40,986)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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NAFTA, Geography, Trade diversion, trade creation

2.

Gravity Model Specification and the Effects of the Canada-U.S. Border

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2000-024A
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 02 Jan 2001
Howard J. Wall
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 442 (63,673)

Abstract:

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border effect, home bias

3.

Controlling for Heterogeneity in Gravity Models of Trade

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Aug 2000
Howard J. Wall and I-Hui Cheng
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment and National University of Kaohsiung - Department of Applied Economics
Downloads 442 (63,673)
Citation 12

Abstract:

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Gravity Model, Bilateral Trade

4.

Creating a Policy Environment for Entrepreneurs

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2005-064B
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 08 Nov 2005
Thomas A. Garrett and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 281 (106,751)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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entrepreneurship, government policy

5.

The Determinants of Aid in the Post-Cold War Era

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2006-021B
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 19 Apr 2006
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 236 (127,911)

Abstract:

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Foreign Aid

6.

Structural Breaks and Regional Disparities in the Transmission of Monetary Policy

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2003-008C
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 29 Aug 2006
Michael Owyang and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 225 (134,064)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Regional monetary policy

7.

Reconsidering the Trade-Creating Effects of a Currency Union

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 21 Jul 2001
Michael R. Pakko and Howard J. Wall
Arkansas Economic Development Institute and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 222 (135,811)
Citation 17

Abstract:

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Currency unions, gravity model

8.

NAFTA and the Changing Pattern of State Exports

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2000-029A
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 02 Jan 2001
Cletus C. Coughlin and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 211 (142,576)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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NAFTA, State Exports, Gravity Model

9.

Immigration and Outsourcing: A General Equilibrium Analysis

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1694, FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2005-058C
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 Aug 2005
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 145 (198,491)

Abstract:

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Legal Immigration, Illegal Immigration, Outsourcing, General Equilibrium

10.

Business Cycle Phases in U.S. States

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2003-011
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 17 Jun 2003
Howard J. Wall, Michael Owyang and Jeremy Piger
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and University of Oregon - Department of Economics
Downloads 145 (198,491)
Citation 57

Abstract:

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11.

Regional Business Cycle Phases in Japan

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2006-053A
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 Sep 2006
Howard J. Wall
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 144 (199,549)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Markov-switching, regional business cycles, Japan

12.

Entrepreneurship and the Deregulation of Banking: How Strong is the Evidence?

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2002-032A
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 03 Apr 2003
Howard J. Wall
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 129 (217,939)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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Entrepreneurship, banking deregulation

13.

Journal Rankings in Economics: Handle with Care

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 08 Apr 2009
Howard J. Wall
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 125 (223,210)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Journal rankings

14.

Oligopoly and Outsourcing

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1892
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Dec 2005
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 123 (225,923)

Abstract:

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oligopoly, outsourcing

15.

The Effects of Recessions Across Demographic Groups

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 16 Oct 2009
Kristie Engemann and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 122 (227,296)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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Recession Demographics

16.

Regional Disparities in the Transmission of Monetary Policy

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2003-008
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 27 Jun 2003
Howard J. Wall and Michael Owyang
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment and Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division
Downloads 111 (243,538)

Abstract:

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17.

Regional Vars and the Channels of Monetary Policy

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2006-002A
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 06 Jan 2006
Michael Owyang and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 90 (280,196)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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regional monetary policy

18.

Has Japan Been Left Out in the Cold by Regional Integration?

Bank of Japan, IMES Working Paper No. 2001-E-15
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 30 Oct 2001
Howard J. Wall
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 90 (280,196)

Abstract:

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regional integration, Japanese trade, gravity model

19.

States and the Business Cycle

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2007-050B
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 21 Nov 2007
Michael Owyang, David E. Rapach and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, Seattle University, Albers School of Business and Economics and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 68 (330,273)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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State business cycles, Common factors

20.

Ethnic Networks and U.S. Exports

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1998, FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2005-069A, University of Nottingham Research Paper No. 2006/05
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 08 Mar 2006
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 64 (340,944)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Ethnic networks, state exports

21.

Personal-Bankruptcy Cycles

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2010-010A
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 25 Mar 2010
Thomas A. Garrett and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 57 (361,095)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Personal Bankruptcy, Recessions

22.

Is There Too Little Immigration? An Analysis of Temporary Skilled Migration

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 31 Aug 2007
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 57 (361,095)

Abstract:

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Skilled Immigration, Optimal Immigration, Capital Mobility, Externalities, Public Goods, Assimilation Costs

Ethnic Networks and Trade: Intensive vs. Extensive Margins

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Working Paper Series No. 2010-016B
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 23 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2011
Cletus C. Coughlin and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 33 (458,406)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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Ethnic Networks, State Exports, Intensive Margin, Extensive Margin

Ethnic Networks and Trade: Intensive vs. Extensive Margins

University of Nottingham Globalisation, Productivity and Technology Research Paper No. 2011/02
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 08 Feb 2011
Cletus C. Coughlin and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 21 (526,282)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Ethnic Networks, State Exports, Intensive Margin, Extensive Margin

24.

Ethnic Networks and U.S. Exports, Second Version

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2005-069B
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 07 Feb 2006
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 47 (393,552)

Abstract:

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ethnic networks, state exports

25.

A State-Level Analysis of the Great Moderation

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2007-003D
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 06 Feb 2007
Michael Owyang, Jeremy Piger and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, University of Oregon - Department of Economics and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 46 (397,038)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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volatility reduction, state business cycles

26.

Voting with Your Feet in the United Kingdom

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 06 Nov 1998
Howard J. Wall
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 46 (397,038)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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27.

Policy Evaluation in the Presence of Outsourcing: Global Competitiveness Versus Political Feasibility

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2005-058B
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 05 Nov 2006
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 45 (400,537)

Abstract:

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immigration, outsourcing

28.

Forecasting National Recessions Using State Level Data

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2012-013B
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 13 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2013
Michael Owyang, Jeremy Piger and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, University of Oregon - Department of Economics and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 44 (404,115)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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turning points, probit, covariate selection

29.

The Economic Performance of Cities: A Markov-Switching Approach

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2006-056A
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 25 Oct 2006
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, University of Oregon - Department of Economics, Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment and Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division
Downloads 44 (404,115)
Citation 15

Abstract:

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Growth in cities, business cycle phases

30.

Controlling for Geographic Dispersion When Estimating the Japanese Phillips Curve

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2006-057A
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 25 Oct 2006
Hiroshi Fujiki and Howard J. Wall
Chuo University - Faculty of Commerce and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 44 (404,115)

Abstract:

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Japanese Phillips curve

31.

Is There Too Little Immigration?

IZA Discussion Paper No. 2825, FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2006-062A
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 17 Dec 2006
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 42 (411,501)

Abstract:

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Immigration

32.
Downloads 40 (418,970)
Citation 1

Where is an Oil Shock?

Federal Reserve Board of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2011-016B
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Jun 2011 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2014
Kristie Engemann, Michael Owyang and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 40 (427,734)

Abstract:

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State-Level Oil Shocks

Where is an Oil Shock?

Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 54, Issue 2, pp. 169-185, 2014
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 04 Mar 2014
Kristie Engemann, Michael Owyang and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 0
Citation 3
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Biofuel Subsidies and International Trade

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Working Paper 2009-053A
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 20 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 25 May 2013
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, Aston University - Aston Business School and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 39 (431,898)

Abstract:

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Biofuel Subsidy, Pigouvian Tax, Pollution Externality

Biofuel Subsidies and International Trade

Economics & Politics, Vol. 25, Issue 2, pp. 181-199, 2013
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 07 Jun 2013
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, Aston University - Aston Business School and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
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34.

The 2001 Recession and the States of the 8th District

FRB St. Louis Working Paper No. 2005-053A
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 28 Jul 2005
Michael Owyang, Jeremy Piger and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, University of Oregon - Department of Economics and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 33 (447,545)

Abstract:

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Markov-switching, business cycles

35.

Endogenous Export Subsidies and Welfare Under Domestic Cost Heterogeneity

Economics & Politics Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 347-366, November 2004
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 03 Nov 2004
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay, Eun-Soo Park and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, Northwestern University - Department of Economics and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 21 (509,267)
Citation 5
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36.

Discordant City Employment Cycles

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2010-019B
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 14 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 20 Sep 2012
Michael Owyang, Jeremy Piger and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, University of Oregon - Department of Economics and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 20 (514,932)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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City Employment Cycles

37.
Downloads 19 (520,788)
Citation 16

The British Beveridge Curve: A Tale of Ten Regions

Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 64, pp. 257-276, 2002
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 11 May 2003
Howard J. Wall and Gylfi Zoega
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment and University of Iceland
Downloads 19 (539,002)
Citation 16
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The British Beveridge Curve: A Tale of Ten Regions

CEPR Discussion Paper Series No. 1771
Posted: 30 May 1998
Howard J. Wall and Gylfi Zoega
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment and University of Iceland

Abstract:

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38.

Biofuel Subsidies: An Open-Economy Analysis

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4584
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 01 Dec 2009
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, Aston University - Aston Business School and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 18 (526,610)

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optimal biofuel subsidy, Pigouvian tax, terms-of-trade, pollution externality

39.

Cross-Border Lobbying in Preferential Trading Agreements: Implications for External Tariffs

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Working Paper 2009-041A
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 25 Aug 2009
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay, Sajal Lahiri and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, Southern Illinois University Carbondale - Department of Economics and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 16 (538,037)

Abstract:

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free trade area, customs union, preferential trading agreements, domestic lobbying, cross-border lobbying, external tariffs

40.

Policy Evaluation in the Presence of Outsourcing: Global Competitiveness versus Political Feasibility

Economics & Politics, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 219-234, July 2007
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 26 Jun 2007
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 16 (538,037)
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41.

Ethnic Networks and US Exports

Review of International Economics, Vol. 16, Issue 1, pp. 199-213, February 2008
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 30 Dec 2007
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 14 (549,912)
Citation 29
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42.

The Employment Cycles of Neighboring Cities

MPRA Paper No. 29410
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 17 Apr 2011
Howard J. Wall
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 12 (561,932)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Neighboring cities, employment cycles

43.

Immigration and Outsourcing: A General-Equilibrium Analysis

Review of Development Economics, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 433-446, August 2010
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 19 Jul 2010
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 3 (620,718)
Citation 2
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44.

Cross‐Border Lobbying in Preferential Trading Agreements: Implications for External Tariffs and Welfare

Review of International Economics, Vol. 20, Issue 5, pp. 1034-1045, 2012
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 20 Oct 2012
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay, Sajal Lahiri and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division, Southern Illinois University Carbondale - Department of Economics and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment
Downloads 2 (630,635)
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Entrepreneurship and the Policy Environment

Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis Review, Vol. 88, No. 2, 2006
Posted: 03 Aug 2006
Yannis Georgellis and Howard J. Wall
University of Kent and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment

Abstract:

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Entrepreneurship, self-employment

Entrepreneurship and the Policy Environment

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship
Posted: 24 Nov 2009
Yannis Georgellis and Howard J. Wall
University of Kent and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment

Abstract:

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Tax exemptions, Tax rates, Tax policies, Startup rates, Public policies, Income taxes, Bankruptcy laws

46.

Controlling for Heterogeneity in Gravity Models of Trade and Integration

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review, Vol. 87, No. 1, pp. 49-63, 2005
Posted: 29 Jan 2005
I-Hui Cheng and Howard J. Wall
National University of Kaohsiung - Department of Applied Economics and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment

Abstract:

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Gravity Model, Bilateral Trade

47.

What Makes a Region Entrepreneurial? Evidence from Britain

The Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 34, Issue 3, 2000
Posted: 22 Aug 2001
Yannis Georgellis and Howard J. Wall
University of Kent and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment

Abstract:

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48.

Voting with Your Feet in the United Kingdom: Using Cross-Migration Rates to Estimate Relative Living Standards

Papers in Regional Science, Vol. 80, Issue 1, 2001
Posted: 30 Apr 2001
Howard J. Wall
Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment

Abstract:

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Interregional migration, standard of living, quality of life

49.

Customs Union or Free Trade Area? The Role of Political Asymmetries

Review of International Economics
Posted: 18 Aug 1998
Subhayu Bandyopadhyay and Howard J. Wall
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division and Lindenwood University - Center for Economics and the Environment

Abstract:

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