Richard E. Wagner

George Mason University - Department of Economics

Professor/Graduate Director

4400 University Drive

334 Enterprise Hall

Fairfax, VA 22030

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

113

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24

Scholarly Papers (113)

1.

Viennese Kaleidics: Why Liberty and Not Policy Calms Turbulence

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-46
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 06 Nov 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 407 (67,528)

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kaleidic economy, George Shackle, time and economics, monetary non-neutrality, private vs. public ordering

2.

James M. Buchanan and Me: Reminiscing About a 50-Year Association

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-13
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 17 Jun 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 390 (70,932)

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James M. Buchanan; Italianate public finance; teaching as joint inquiry; constitutional political economy; non-logical action; Vilfredo Pareto; Carl Schmitt

3.

James Buchanan's Public Debt Theory: A Rational Reconstruction

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-24
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 27 Oct 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 389 (71,158)

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Public Principles of Public Debt; burden of public debt; Ricardian equivalence; Cost and Choice; Atillio Da Empoli and oblique incidence; morality of public debt; debt default

4.

Nominal GDP Stabilization: Chasing a Mirage

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-02
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 20 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2017
Vipin P. Veetil and Richard E. Wagner
Sorbonne University and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 293 (98,277)

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NGDP targeting; complex systems theory; micro-foundations; time and economics; non-equilibrium theory; entrepreneurship; economic kaleidics; recessions as economically productive

5.

Democracy and Public Finance: A Polycentric, Invisible-Hand Framework

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-23
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 02 Jun 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 262 (110,615)
Citation 1

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centralized mindset, invisible hand theorizing, polycentricity, parasitical competition, competition among political enterprises, scale-free models

6.

Vilfredo Pareto's Theory of Action: An Alternative to Behavioral Economics

Il Pensiero Economico Italiano, vol. 24, no. 2 (2016): 15-28
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 21 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2018
Rosolino Candela and Richard E. Wagner
Mercatus Center at George Mason University and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 257 (112,902)

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Vilfredo Pareto, logical vs. non-logical action, rationality, behavioral economics

7.

Perpetual Crisis in the Tax State

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-48
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 06 Nov 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 253 (114,779)

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fiscal crisis, tax state, conflicting rationalities, Ordnungstheorie, hotels as city states, capital accounts and states

8.

Gordon Tullock: A Conspectus on His Life's Work

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-03
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 237 (122,593)

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Gordon Tullock; James M. Buchanan; public choice; rent seeking; law and economics; bureaucracy; Enlightenment vs. Renaissance orientations

9.

Systems Theory and the Public Policy Shell Game

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-22
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Jul 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 236 (123,151)

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systems theory; robotic systems vs. creative systems; emergence; entangled political economy; private property vs. public property; scalable vs. scale-free systems

10.

New Austrian Macro Theory: A Call for Inquiry

Review of Austrian Economics, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-26
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 08 Jul 2016
Paul A. Lewis and Richard E. Wagner
King's College London and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 235 (123,646)

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structure of production; dispersed knowledge; equilibrium vs. non-equilibrium theory; creative systems theory; macro-foundations for micro

11.

Two Systems of Public Finance: Entrepreneurial and Parasitical

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-35
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 19 Jul 2012
Steve H. Hanke and Richard E. Wagner
Johns Hopkins University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 221 (131,376)

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political entrepreneurship, parasitical political pricing, city-states, nation states, imperialism and public finance, public goods

The Language of Taxation: Ideology Masquerading as Science

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-01
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 11 May 2018
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 194 (148,432)

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taxes as political prices; fiscal politics; tax ideology; fiscal discrimination; corrective taxation; redistributive taxation

The Language of Taxation: Ideology Masquerading as Science

Excerpt from Adam J. Hoffer and Todd Nesbit, eds., For Your Own Good: Taxes, Paternalism, and Fiscal Discrimination in the Twenty-First Century. Arlington, VA: Mercatus Center at George Mason University, 2018.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 27 Apr 2018
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 14 (551,637)

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US Constitution, tax policy, general welfare clause, sin taxes

13.

Dyads, Triads, and the Theory of Exchange: Between Liberty and Coercion

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-13
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 04 Apr 2012
Marta Podemska-Mikluch and Richard E. Wagner
Gustavus Adolphus College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 208 (139,115)
Citation 1

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Edgeworth box, dyadic exchange, triadic exchange, coercive exchange, credit markets as coercive exchange, conflict and political economy

14.

Public Finance Without Taxation: Free-Riding as Institutional Artifact

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-05
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 07 Mar 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 178 (160,651)

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free riding, forced carrying, preference revelation, collective property rights, institution-centered public finance, markets and public goods, civil society, political elites, ruling classes

15.

Default Without Capital Account: The Economics of Municipal Bankruptcy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-11
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 02 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2014
Lotta Moberg and Richard E. Wagner
William Blair and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 176 (162,252)

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municipal bankruptcy, debt and democracy, ownership of municipal corporations, commercial corporations vs. municipal corporations, Ricardian equivalence and capital accounts

16.

The Calculus of Consent: A Compass for My Professional Journey

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-55
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 21 Dec 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 175 (163,107)

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Calculus of Consent, James M. Buchanan, Gordon Tullock, Vincent Ostrom, scale-free networks, democratic oligarchy

17.

Macroeconomics, Fiscal Policy, and Public Debt: Conflating Myth and Reality

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-42
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 31 Oct 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 173 (164,685)

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Antonio de Viti de Marco; monopolistic democracy; Ricardian equivalence; deconstructing democratic debt; economic manipulation for political gain

18.

Entangled Political Economy and the Two Faces of Entrepreneurship

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-26
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 15 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2012
Marta Podemska-Mikluch and Richard E. Wagner
Gustavus Adolphus College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 172 (165,546)
Citation 1

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entrepreneurship, entangled political economy, Jane Jacobs, polycentricity vs. monocentricity, parasitical political pricing, liberty and politics

19.

Neutral Money: Historical Fact or Analytical Artifact?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-37
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 02 Sep 2012
Simon Bilo and Richard E. Wagner
Allegheny College - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 170 (167,298)
Citation 2

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neutral money, Cantillon effects, business cycles, non-equilibrium modeling, kaleidics vs. equilibrium, learning by doing, money as commanding height

20.

Choice, Emergence, and Constitutional Process: A Framework for Positive Analysis

Journal of Institutional Economics, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-18
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 May 2010
Petrik Runst and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 159 (178,142)

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Constitutional Political Economy, Emergent Dynamics, Tacit Knowledge, Formal vs. Informal Rules, Original Intent vs. Living Constitution, J. M. Buchanan, F. A. Hayek

21.

Fiscal Crisis as Failure of Progressivist Democracy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-26
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 28 Mar 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 156 (180,052)

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fiscal crisis; public debt; unfunded liabilities; democratic oligarchy; capital accounts and politics; polycentric vs. monocentric polities; power and ideology; liberal vs. progressivist democracy

22.

Volatility in Catallactical Systems: Austrian Cycle Theory Revisited

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-15
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 18 Jun 2014
James Caton and Richard E. Wagner
North Dakota State University - Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 154 (182,001)

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ecology of plans; natural volatility; induced volatility; Austrian cycle theory; non-equilibrium theory; kaleidic analysis; undecidability and choice; algorithmic choice theory; entrepreneurship

23.

Spontaneous Order, Liberty, and Austrian Economics

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-06
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 07 Feb 2012
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 149 (187,103)

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emergence, spontaneous order, mainline vs. mainstream economics, emergent dynamics vs. comparative statics, entangled political economy

24.

Political Entrepreneurship and the Formation of Special Districts

European Journal of Law and Economics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 21 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2010
Alexander Fink and Richard E. Wagner
University of Leipzig and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 146 (190,206)

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special districts, political entrepreneurship, public enterprise, public-private interaction, enterprise-based public finance, constitutional political economy

25.

Welfare Economics and Second-Best Theory: Filling Imaginary Economic Boxes

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-42
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 10 Dec 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 145 (191,303)

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second-best theory; welfare economics, empty economic boxes, demonstrative vs. plausible reasoning, prisoners’ dilemma fables

26.

Game Theory and the Architecture of Social Theory: Reflections on Luigino Bruni's Ethos of the Market

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-26
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 27 Oct 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 139 (197,983)

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Neapolitan civil economy; Antonio Genovesi; stag hunts; prisoners’ dilemmas; game theory as social theory; society as ecology; social conflict

27.

Public Choice and the Virginia Tradition of Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-21
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 25 Jul 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 138 (199,116)

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Virginia political economy; classical vs. neoclassical economics; Italianate public finance; demonstrative reasoning; plausible reasoning; complexity and political economy

28.

The Peculiar Business of Politics

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-27
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 21 Jul 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 137 (200,299)

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Entangled Political Economy, Creative vs. Mechanical Systems, Parasitical Political Pricing, Societal Tectonics, Political Profit-Seeking

29.

Treating Macro Theory as Systems Theory: Why Does It Matter?

Advances in Austrian Economics, Vol. 19, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-14
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 17 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 08 Oct 2015
Vipin P. Veetil and Richard E. Wagner
Sorbonne University and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 134 (203,888)

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systems theory; complexity theory; emergence; scale-free models; nonequilibrium theory; microfoundations; countercyclical volatility; Friedrich Hayek; Joseph Schumpeter

30.

The Social Construction of Theoretical Landscapes: Some Economics of Economic Theories

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-34
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Jul 2012
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 133 (205,086)

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spontaneous order, dyadic vs. triadic relationships, amateurs vs. professionals, theories as social constructions, economics of economics

31.

Gordon Tullock: A Maverick Scholar of Law and Economics

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-04
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 130 (208,877)

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Gordon Tullock; Richard Posner; law and economics; public choice; political economy; process vs. equilibrium; complex phenomena vs. reduction to simplicity

32.

Contrasting Visions for Macroeconomic Theory: DSGE and OEE

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-35
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 18 Oct 2017
Abigail Devereaux and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University, Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 129 (210,121)

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Macro Theory as Systems Theory; DSGE Modeling; OEE Modeling; Generative vs. Stipulative Modeling; Synchronic vs. Diachronic Macro; Ecological Games

33.

Political Entrepreneurship, Emergent Dynamics, and Constitutional Politics

Review of Social Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-09
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 05 Jan 2018
Alexander William Salter and Richard E. Wagner
Texas Tech University - Rawls College of Business and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 129 (210,121)

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open systems, political entrepreneurship, constitutional control, crooked timber of humanity, paradox of power, emergence

34.

James M. Buchanan and Liberal Political Economy: A Rational Reconstruction

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-04
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 20 Feb 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 127 (212,696)

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public choice; constitutional political economy; Virginia political economy; Frank Knight; Knut Wicksell; Antonio de Viti de Marco; Gordon Tullock

35.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: The Universal Logic of Economizing Action

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-25
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 125 (215,273)

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economizing action; behavioral economics; logical vs. non-logical action; cost and choice; sentiments and reason; Vilfredo Pareto

36.

Polycentrism, Federalism, and Liberty: A Comparative Systems Perspective

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-10
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 12 May 2014
Richard E. Wagner and Akira Yokoyama
George Mason University - Department of Economics and Chuo University - Graduate School and Faculty of Policy Studies
Downloads 123 (217,911)

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Polycentricity; Competitive federalism; Cartel federalism; Decentralization; Political externalities

Constitutional Catallaxy: Friends and Enemies in an Open-Ended Social Order

Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 09 May 2017 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2018
Alexander William Salter and Richard E. Wagner
Texas Tech University - Rawls College of Business and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 94 (265,180)

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choice vs. emergence, constitutional control, friend-enemy distinction, open systems, paradox of power, political entrepreneurship

Constitutional Catallaxy: Friends and Enemies in an Open-Ended Social Order

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-18
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 15 May 2017
Alexander William Salter and Richard E. Wagner
Texas Tech University - Rawls College of Business and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 26 (478,434)

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Choice vs. Emergence; Constitutional Control; Friend-Enemy Distinction; Open Systems; Paradox of Power; Political Entrepreneurship

38.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Additive vs. Entangled Political Economy

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-23
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 119 (223,291)

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entangled political economy; centralized mindset; conflicting rationalities; parades vs. piazzas; non-equilibrium modeling

39.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Preface

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-31
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 118 (224,735)

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systems theory, non-equilibrium modeling, entangled political economy, politics as business

40.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Societal Tectonics and the Art of the Deal

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-27
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 118 (224,735)

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parliamentary tectonics; art of the deal; dyadic vs. triadic transactions; political money laundering

41.

Choice vs. Interaction in Public Choice Theory: Discerning The Legacy of the Calculus of Consent

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-21
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 14 May 2012
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 118 (224,735)
Citation 1

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James M. Buchanan, Gordon Tullock, The Calculus of Consent, complexity theory, public choice, Virginia political economy

42.

Economics: Rational Action or Social Science? Marshall vs. Edgeworth in re ‘The Social Question’

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-23
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 21 Aug 2010
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 114 (231,975)

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wants vs. activities, raising vs. leveling, social question, mind-society bi-directionality, Alfred Marshall, Francis Edgeworth

43.

A Macro Economy as an Emergent Ecology of Plans

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-33, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 04 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 19 Sep 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 113 (231,975)
Citation 4

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micro foundations, complexity; emergence, supervention, ecology of plans, turbulence, spontaneous ordering, scale-free modeling

44.

Political Parties: Insights from a Tri-Planar Model of Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-23
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 07 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2017
David J. Hebert and Richard E. Wagner
Aquinas College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 112 (233,503)

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political parties as interest groups; common vs. specialized knowledge; agenda manipulation; divided knowledge; non-logical action; ideology; Vilfredo Pareto; Friedrich Hayek

45.

Bankruptcies, Bailouts, and Some Political Economy of Corporate Reorganization

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-14
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Apr 2017
Dylan J. DelliSanti and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 109 (238,030)

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bankruptcy; bailout; corporate restructuring; automobile bailout; entangled political economy

46.

Public Finance Without Taxation: Alternative Institutional Frameworks for Municipal Corporations

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-18
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 04 Apr 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 109 (238,030)

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cameralism, public pricing for public goods, municipal corporations, city states, political entrepreneurship, user charges and fees

47.

Regarding the Use of Knowledge in Political Economy: Paretian Insight into a Hayekian Challenge

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-15
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 07 May 2016 Last Revised: 09 May 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 107 (241,172)

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generated vs. postulated equilibrium; assembly of distributed knowledge; logical vs. non-logical action; economic calculation; non-priced environments; social tectonics

48.

What Kind of State in Our Future? Fact and Conjecture in Vito Tanzi's Government Versus Markets

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-02
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 24 Jan 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 107 (241,172)

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growth of government, Adolf Wagner, Wagner's Law, regulation as taxation, states as orders, measurement without theory

49.

Legal Entrepreneurship within a System of Entangled Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-38
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2018
Shruti Rajagopalan and Richard E. Wagner
Department of Economics, SUNY Purchase College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 107 (241,172)

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entrepreneurship; legal framework; constitutional political economy; ORDO liberalism; common law efficiency; entangled political economy.

50.

Constitutional Craftsmanship and the Rule of Law: Organizational Arrangement, Moral Imagination, and the Separation of Powers

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-08
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 Apr 2013
Shruti Rajagopalan and Richard E. Wagner
Department of Economics, SUNY Purchase College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 106 (242,759)

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rule of law, separation of powers, constitutional political economy, moral imagination, ordnungstheorie, polycentrism

51.

Dispute Resolution When Rationalities Conflict: Cost and Choice in a Mixed Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-34
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 04 Sep 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 104 (246,031)

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dispute resolution, substantive rationality, private vs. public ordering, market conformability, dyadic vs. triadic market architecture

52.

Rationality, Political Economy, and Fiscal Responsibility: Wrestling with Tragedy on the Fiscal Commons

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-28
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 30 Jun 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 102 (249,330)

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fiscal commons, institutional public finance, Antonio De Viti de Marco, cooperative vs. monopolistic states, polycentric vs. monocentric polities, state as intermediary, scale-free modeling

53.

Has the U.S. Economy Really Recovered? A Curmudgeonly Answer

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-28
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 30 Jul 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 101 (251,072)

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policy mechanics; complexity theory; ideology; non-logical action; tectonic political economy

54.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Parasitical Political Calculation

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-26
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 99 (254,529)

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economic calculation; parasitical political pricing; capital structure of production; capital accounts of cooperative enterprises

55.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Reason, Sentiment, and Electoral Competition

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-24
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 95 (261,453)

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logical vs. non-logical action; instrumental vs. expressive voting; selection through competition; reason and sentimentality

56.

Richard Epstein's Classical Liberal Constitution: What Might Benjamin Franklin Have Thought?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-03
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 24 Jan 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 91 (268,757)

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separation of powers; rule of law; constitutional erosion; autonomy of the political; democratic oligarchy; compound vs. simple republics

57.

'Monstrous Moral Hybrids' and the Corrupting Quality of Public Debt

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-47
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 31 Oct 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 89 (272,553)

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Jane Jacobs; monstrous moral hybrids; romance vs. realism in public ordering; erosion of trust through public ordering

58.

Political Business Cycles: An Emergent-Dynamic Reformulation

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-41
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 03 Oct 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 89 (272,553)

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political business cycles, opportunistic cycles, partisan cycles, microfoundations, supervention, ecology of plans

59.

Public Debt within Systems of Monopolistic Democracy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-46
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 31 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 01 Nov 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 87 (276,392)

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public debt as shell game; monopolistic democracy; public debt as systemic lying; public debt and social trust; James Buchanan and cost transfer

60.

The State as an Ecology of Political Enterprises

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-20
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 15 May 2010
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 87 (276,392)

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Political Pricing, Political-Economic Interaction, Polycentric Politics, Economic Calculation, Emergence, Spontaneous Order, Order vs. Organization

61.

Taxation as a Quasi-Market Process: Explanation, Exhortation, and the Choice of Analytical Windows

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-34
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 08 Dec 2013
David J. Hebert and Richard E. Wagner
Aquinas College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 86 (278,338)
Citation 1

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optimal taxation; tax pricing; fiscal philosophers; political realists; centralized mindset; carbon taxation

62.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Political Economy as Social Agriculture

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-28
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 09 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 85 (280,370)

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agreement vs. acquiescence; social contract mythology; parchment vs. guns in constitution of order; autonomy of the political

63.

The Autonomy of the Political within Political Economy

Advances in Austrian Economics, Vol 22, 2017., GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-22
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 17 May 2017 Last Revised: 11 Jun 2017
Ion Sterpan and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 83 (284,477)

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human association; open vs. closed systems; leadership; power; autonomy of the political; political entrepreneurship; liberalism and authority; governance; federalism and polycentricity; Friedrich Wieser; Carl Schmitt; Vincent Ostrom

64.

A Theory of Entangled Political Economy, with Application to TARP and NRA

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-22
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 24 Aug 2010
Adam Smith, Richard E. Wagner and Bruce Yandle
George Mason University - Department of Economics, George Mason University - Department of Economics and Clemson University
Downloads 83 (284,477)
Citation 4

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bailout, political economy, credit markets, economic calculation, constitutional economics

65.

Polycentric Polity: Genuine vs. Spurious Federalism

Review of Law and Economics, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-15
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 13 Apr 2010
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 83 (284,477)

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competitive government, federalism, polycentricity, decentralization

66.

Promoting the General Welfare: Political Economy for a Free Republic

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-28
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 03 Oct 2010
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 82 (288,741)

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Constitutional Political Economy, Orders vs. Organizations, Emergent Transformation, Samaritan’s Dilemmas and Regime Drift

67.

Game Theory as Social Theory: Finding Spontaneous Order

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 18-23
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 31 Aug 2018
Abigail Devereaux and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University, Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 81 (290,825)

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distributed knowledge; assembly of knowledge; synecology as social theory; emergence of institutional arrangements; realism in economic models; complexity; spontaneous order

68.

Economic Coordination in Environments with Incomplete Pricing

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-49
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 05 Nov 2015
Paul Dragos Aligica and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Mercatus Center and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 80 (290,825)

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coordination as state; coordination as process; price proxies; network architecture; sympathetic mind-reading

69.

Engines, Ecologies, and Economic Systems

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-44
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 31 Oct 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 79 (293,022)

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economists as mechanics; economists as explainers; mythological thinking; realistic thinking

70.

American Federalism: How Well Does It Support Lady Liberty?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-25
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 27 Oct 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 78 (295,202)

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federalism; simple republics; compound republics; competitive federalism; cartel federalism

71.

Competition and Selection in Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-46
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 30 Sep 2012
Richard E. Wagner and Deema Yazigi
George Mason University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 76 (299,818)

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selection of qualities, competitive selection, markets vs. elections, substantive rationalities, environments and rationalities, generative analysis, degeneracy, lexicographic ordering, evolutionary political economy

72.

Samaritan's Dilemmas, Wealth Redistribution, and Polycentricity

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-37
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 19 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 21 Sep 2016
Meg Tuszynski and Richard E. Wagner
Southern Methodist University (SMU) - O’Neil Center for Global Markets and Freedom and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 75 (302,104)

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Samaritan’s dilemma; co-production; polycentricity; moral hazard; welfare reform

73.

Rent Seeking and Institutional Evolution within the California Water Game

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-12
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 07 May 2016
James Caton and Richard E. Wagner
North Dakota State University - Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 74 (304,439)

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water rights; riparian systems; appropriative systems; rent seeking; Big Players; overlapping jurisdictions; political tectonics

74.

The Origins of Public Choice and Virginia Political Economy: What Might Arthur Lovejoy Have Thought?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-56
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 09 Dec 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 73 (306,807)

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Antonio de Viti de Marco; Maffeo Pantaleoni; Vilfredo Pareto; James Buchanan; Arthur Lovejoy; fiscal sociology; interdependence between method and substance; emergent order vs. stipulated order

75.

Public Debt and the Corruption of Contract: Can the Keynesian Cancer Be Excised?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-05
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 20 Feb 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 70 (313,981)

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contract as promise; cooperative vs. monopolistic democracy; formal vs. practical rationality; structure of production; wheel of income; Antonio de Viti de Marco; James Buchanan; Jane Jacobs

76.

Virginia Political Economy, Rationally Reconstructed

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-04
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 07 Mar 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 69 (316,411)
Citation 1

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Virginia Political Economy, rational reconstruction, methodology of scientific research programs, interacting agents, comparative statics, emergent dynamics

77.

Political Economy and the Supply of Macro Guidance

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-43
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 31 Oct 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 68 (318,851)

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fiscal policy; political realism; economic manipulation for political gain; use of knowledge within political process; individual vs. group action

78.

Raising vs. Leveling in the Social Organization of Welfare

Review of Law and Economics, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-14
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 13 Apr 2010
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 67 (321,449)
Citation 2

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redistribution vs. flourishing, federalism vs. decentralization, hierarchy vs. polycentricity, wants vs. activities, social division of knowledge, comparative institutional analysis

79.

James Buchanan's Liberal Theory of Political Economy: A Valiant But Failed Effort to Square the Circle

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-16
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 22 Apr 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 66 (324,057)

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James M. Buchanan; non-contradiction; dialectics; closed systems; open systems; sentimental liberalism; muscular liberalism

80.

Budgeting and Public Debt within a System of Cooperative Democracy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-45
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 31 Oct 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 65 (326,609)

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cooperative state as ideal type; government as low-cost borrower; public debt as shell game; problems of scale

81.

From Mixed Economy to Entangled Political Economy: Paretian Insights into the Two Faces of Entrepreneurship

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-07
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Jan 2015
Meg Tuszynski and Richard E. Wagner
Southern Methodist University (SMU) - O’Neil Center for Global Markets and Freedom and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 65 (326,609)

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dynamics of intervention; mixed economy; entangled political economy; societal tectonics; non-logical action; political entrepreneurship; Vilfredo Pareto; Ludwig von Mises

82.

The Irony of the Calculus of Consent: Diaspora for a Budding Research Program

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-12
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 02 Jun 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 65 (326,609)

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The Calculus of Consent, Virginia Political Economy, methodology of scientific research programs, Progressivism vs. liberalism, Carl Schmitt vs. F. A. Hayek

83.

Design vs. Emergence in a Theory of Federalism: Toward Institutional Reconciliation

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-24
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 07 Mar 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 64 (329,249)

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competitive federalism; collusive federalism; design vs. emergence; simple vs. compound republics; polycentricity; anti-commons

84.

Trade, Power, and Political Economy: Reason vs. Ideology in Edward Stringham's Private Governance

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-02
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 12 Feb 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 63 (331,914)

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externalities as profit opportunities; pretense of knowledge; crooked timber of humanity; prisoners’ dilemma mythology; power as mass phenomenon

85.

Remembering Bill Niskanen: Pursuing Economics as a Public Science In The Service of Liberty

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-01
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Feb 2012
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 63 (331,914)

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William Niskanen, bureaucracy, constitutional economics, welfare economics, public choice, economics as public science

86.

Tax Prices in a Democratic Polity: The Contemporary Relevance of Antonio De Viti de Marco

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-19
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 15 May 2010
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 63 (334,618)
Citation 2

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Antonio De Viti de Marco, Italian School of Public Finance, Tax Prices vs. Market Prices, Constitutional Political Economy

87.

Collaboration vs. Imposition as Motifs for a Theory of Public Finance: Transcending the Goldscheid-Schumpeter Debate

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-30
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Apr 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 62 (334,618)

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Jürgen Backhaus; Joseph Schumpeter; Rudolf Goldscheid; Knut Wicksell; tax state; entrepreneurial state; Staatswissenschaften; constitutions and capital accounts; politics and public finance

88.

Form vs. Substance in Selection Through Competition: Elections, Markets, and Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-03
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 24 Jan 2013
Richard E. Wagner and Deema Yazigi
George Mason University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 62 (334,618)

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formal vs. substantive rationality, selection of qualities, competitive selection, markets vs. elections, environmental rationality, ecological rationality, generative analysis, evolutionary political economy

89.

Economic Coordination within a Mixed Ecology of Enterprises: Erasing a Theoretical Antinomy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-01
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Marta Podemska-Mikluch and Richard E. Wagner
Gustavus Adolphus College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 58 (345,700)

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economic calculation; economic coordination; public-private interaction; parasitical political pricing; entangled political economy

90.

Municipal Corporations, Economic Calculation, and Political Pricing: Exploring a Theoretical Antimony

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-04
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 02 Feb 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 58 (345,700)

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municipal corporations, agency theory, competition among governments, political pricing, emergence, scale-free models

91.

James M. Buchanan and the Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice: Extending the Italian Tradition of Public Finance

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-28
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 07 Sep 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 57 (348,644)

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James M. Buchanan; Antonio de Viti de Marco; Italian tradition of public finance; Paretian fiscal sociology; Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice; Nancy MacLean’s Buchanan

92.

Change within Permanence: Time and the Bivalent Logic of Economic Analysis

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-29
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 03 Oct 2010
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 57 (348,644)

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Carl Menger, Léon Walras, emergence, scientific research programs, social ontology, time and economics

93.

Indebted State versus Intermediary State: Who Owes What to Whom?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-29
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 30 Jun 2011
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 56 (351,640)

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Ricardian equivalence, public debt vs. personal debt, unfunded liabilities, public debt as fiscal intermediation, Antonio De Viti de Marco

94.

The Economics of Economic Expertise: Between Agent Competence and Societal Construction

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-52
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 02 Dec 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 55 (354,810)

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economics of economics; dyadic vs. triadic relationships; amateurs vs. professionals; selection bias among competing theories

95.

Top-Down or Bottom-Up? Contrasting Approaches to Building a European Union

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-27
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Sep 2017
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 52 (363,983)

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Quality of institutions, market integration, political integration, constitutional drift, Europeanization of public debt

96.

Main Street, Wall Street, and City Hall: Entanglement in a Theory of Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-45
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 30 Sep 2012
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 52 (363,983)

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entangled political economy, additive political economy, centralized mindset, conflicting rationalities, architecture of governance

97.

Debt Default and the Limits of the Contractual Imagination: Pareto and Mosca Meet Buchanan

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-13
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 07 May 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 51 (367,098)

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Debt default; Ricardian equivalence; agreement vs. acquiescence; non-logical action; Vilfredo Pareto; Gaetano Mosca; James Buchanan

98.

Macro Theory within a Diachronic, Non-Equilibrium Motif

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-48
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 18 Nov 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 50 (370,239)

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diachronic vs. synchronic theorizing, micro foundations, emergence; ecology of plans, turbulence, spontaneous ordering

99.

Economic Efficiency and the Law: Distinguishing Form from Substance

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-47
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 05 Nov 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 48 (376,899)

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common law efficiency, form vs. substance, metaphysical efficiency, actual efficiency, Pareto and derivations, Jürgen Backhaus

100.

James Buchanan and George Stigler: Divergent Legacies from Frank Knight

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-38
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 15 Nov 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 47 (380,141)

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George J. Stigler; James M. Buchanan, Frank H. Knight; perfect competition; imperfect competition; entrepreneurship; political economy; methodology of scientific research programs

101.

From Mixed Economy to Entangled Political Economy: A Paretian Social-Theoretic Orientation

Public Choice, Vol. 164, No. 2, 2015, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-36
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Aug 2015
Meg Tuszynski and Richard E. Wagner
Southern Methodist University (SMU) - O’Neil Center for Global Markets and Freedom and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 44 (390,406)

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dynamics of intervention; mixed economy; entangled political economy; Vilfredo Pareto; social theory; societal tectonics; non-logical action; political entrepreneurship

102.

Vincent Ostrom's Research Program in Human Association: Replacing Equilibrium with Yin-and-Yang in Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-06
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 20 Feb 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 41 (400,993)

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self-governance; democratic tyranny; participants vs. observers; crooked timber of humanity; wolves among the primates

103.

De Viti De Marco vs. Ricardo on Public Debt: Self Extinction or Default?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-14
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 07 May 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 40 (404,719)

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Ricardian equivalence; debt default; micro foundations of macro; circulation of elites; capital budgeting

104.

Politics, Markets, and Dispute Resolution

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-08
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 12 Mar 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 39 (408,442)

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dispute resolution; substantive rationality; private vs. public ordering; market conformability

105.

Governance within a System of Entangled Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 18-20
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 17 Jul 2018
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 37 (416,433)

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Entangled political economy, governing the commons, polycentricity, open systems management, divided knowledge

106.

Economic Coordination Across Divergent Institutional Frameworks: Dissolving a Theoretical Antinomy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-46
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 05 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 07 Jan 2017
Marta Podemska-Mikluch and Richard E. Wagner
Gustavus Adolphus College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 37 (416,433)

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economic coordination; self-organized systems; entangled political economy; invisible hands and fingers

107.

Arrogance and Humility in the Governance of Human Interaction: A Reflection on Roger Koppl's Expert Failure

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 18-24
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 04 Sep 2018
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 34 (428,361)

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Friedrich Hayek; Frank Knight; Vilfredo Pareto; logical vs. non-logical action; use of knowledge in society; intelligence and democratic action; competition and selection; dyadic vs. triadic relationships

108.

Emergence, Equilibrium, and Agent-Based Modeling: Updating James Buchanan’s Democratic Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 18-22
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 31 Aug 2018
Abigail Devereaux and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University, Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 34 (428,361)

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equilibrium and emergence; commons governance; agent-based computational economics; open-ended modeling; debate vs. discussion in political economy; stipulative vs. generative modeling

109.

A Theory of Entangled Political Economy, with Application to TARP and NRA

Public Choice, Vol. 148, No. 1-2, 2011
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 12 Mar 2014
Adam Christopher Smith, Richard E. Wagner and Bruce Yandle
Johnson & Wales University, George Mason University - Department of Economics and Clemson University
Downloads 33 (432,401)
Citation 4

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Bailout, Political economy, Credit markets, Economic calculation, Constitutional economics

110.

Gordon Tullock's Scholarly Legacy: Extracting It from Buchanan's Shadow

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-39
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 15 Nov 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 31 (440,965)

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Gordon Tullock; James Buchanan; Carl Schmitt; politics as destiny; Eden vs. Babel

111.

American Democracy and the Problem of Fiscal Deficits

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 18-41
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 14 Dec 2018
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 18 (508,584)

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budgetary process; public debt; parasitical politics; Image creation; nonlogical action; emergence vs. axiomatics

112.

James M. Buchanan and the Corrupting Quality of Public Indebtedness

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 18-42
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 Dec 2018
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 17 (514,102)

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James M. Buchanan; public debt; budgetary process; macro policy as shell game; Ricardian equivalence; action level vs. system level; private ordering; public ordering

113.

Economic Theory and 'The Social Question;' Some Dialectics Regarding the Work-Dependency Relationship

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 18-40
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 14 Dec 2018
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 11 (547,704)

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the social question; wants vs. activities; raising vs. leveling; inequality as multi-dimensional; flourishing through co-production; mind-society bi-directionality