Richard E. Wagner

George Mason University - Department of Economics

Professor/Graduate Director

4400 University Drive

334 Enterprise Hall

Fairfax, VA 22030

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

107

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24

Scholarly Papers (107)

1.

Viennese Kaleidics: Why Liberty and Not Policy Calms Turbulence

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-46
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 06 Nov 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 404 (66,541)

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kaleidic economy, George Shackle, time and economics, monetary non-neutrality, private vs. public ordering

2.

James M. Buchanan and Me: Reminiscing About a 50-Year Association

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-13
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 17 Jun 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 387 (68,712)

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James M. Buchanan; Italianate public finance; teaching as joint inquiry; constitutional political economy; non-logical action; Vilfredo Pareto; Carl Schmitt

3.

James Buchanan's Public Debt Theory: A Rational Reconstruction

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-24
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 27 Oct 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 371 (72,445)

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Public Principles of Public Debt; burden of public debt; Ricardian equivalence; Cost and Choice; Atillio Da Empoli and oblique incidence; morality of public debt; debt default

4.

Nominal GDP Stabilization: Chasing a Mirage

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-02
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 20 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2017
Vipin P. Veetil and Richard E. Wagner
Sorbonne University and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 287 (96,919)

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NGDP targeting; complex systems theory; micro-foundations; time and economics; non-equilibrium theory; entrepreneurship; economic kaleidics; recessions as economically productive

5.

Democracy and Public Finance: A Polycentric, Invisible-Hand Framework

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-23
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 02 Jun 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 258 (108,102)
Citation 1

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centralized mindset, invisible hand theorizing, polycentricity, parasitical competition, competition among political enterprises, scale-free models

6.

Perpetual Crisis in the Tax State

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-48
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 06 Nov 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 237 (118,927)

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fiscal crisis, tax state, conflicting rationalities, Ordnungstheorie, hotels as city states, capital accounts and states

7.

Vilfredo Pareto's Theory of Action: An Alternative to Behavioral Economics

Il Pensiero Economico Italiano, vol. 24, no. 2 (2016): 15-28
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 21 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2018
Rosolino Candela and Richard E. Wagner
Brown University and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 234 (119,930)

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Vilfredo Pareto, logical vs. non-logical action, rationality, behavioral economics

8.

Gordon Tullock: A Conspectus on His Life's Work

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-03
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 234 (119,425)

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Gordon Tullock; James M. Buchanan; public choice; rent seeking; law and economics; bureaucracy; Enlightenment vs. Renaissance orientations

9.

Systems Theory and the Public Policy Shell Game

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-22
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Jul 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 231 (120,957)

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systems theory; robotic systems vs. creative systems; emergence; entangled political economy; private property vs. public property; scalable vs. scale-free systems

10.

New Austrian Macro Theory: A Call for Inquiry

Review of Austrian Economics, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-26
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 08 Jul 2016
Paul A. Lewis and Richard E. Wagner
University of London - Department of Political Economy and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 227 (123,092)

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structure of production; dispersed knowledge; equilibrium vs. non-equilibrium theory; creative systems theory; macro-foundations for micro

11.

Two Systems of Public Finance: Entrepreneurial and Parasitical

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-35
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 19 Jul 2012
Steve H. Hanke and Richard E. Wagner
Johns Hopkins University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 217 (128,646)

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political entrepreneurship, parasitical political pricing, city-states, nation states, imperialism and public finance, public goods

12.

Dyads, Triads, and the Theory of Exchange: Between Liberty and Coercion

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-13
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 04 Apr 2012
Marta Podemska-Mikluch and Richard E. Wagner
Gustavus Adolphus College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 205 (135,752)
Citation 1

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Edgeworth box, dyadic exchange, triadic exchange, coercive exchange, credit markets as coercive exchange, conflict and political economy

The Language of Taxation: Ideology Masquerading as Science

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-01
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 11 May 2018
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 188 (147,117)

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taxes as political prices; fiscal politics; tax ideology; fiscal discrimination; corrective taxation; redistributive taxation

The Language of Taxation: Ideology Masquerading as Science

Excerpt from Adam J. Hoffer and Todd Nesbit, eds., For Your Own Good: Taxes, Paternalism, and Fiscal Discrimination in the Twenty-First Century. Arlington, VA: Mercatus Center at George Mason University, 2018.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 27 Apr 2018
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 6 (582,557)

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US Constitution, tax policy, general welfare clause, sin taxes

14.

The Calculus of Consent: A Compass for My Professional Journey

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-55
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 21 Dec 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 175 (156,922)

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Calculus of Consent, James M. Buchanan, Gordon Tullock, Vincent Ostrom, scale-free networks, democratic oligarchy

15.

Default Without Capital Account: The Economics of Municipal Bankruptcy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-11
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 02 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2014
Lotta Moberg and Richard E. Wagner
William Blair and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 173 (158,645)

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municipal bankruptcy, debt and democracy, ownership of municipal corporations, commercial corporations vs. municipal corporations, Ricardian equivalence and capital accounts

16.

Public Finance Without Taxation: Free-Riding as Institutional Artifact

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-05
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 07 Mar 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 173 (158,645)

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free riding, forced carrying, preference revelation, collective property rights, institution-centered public finance, markets and public goods, civil society, political elites, ruling classes

17.

Macroeconomics, Fiscal Policy, and Public Debt: Conflating Myth and Reality

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-42
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 31 Oct 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 168 (164,440)

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Antonio de Viti de Marco; monopolistic democracy; Ricardian equivalence; deconstructing democratic debt; economic manipulation for political gain

18.

Neutral Money: Historical Fact or Analytical Artifact?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-37
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 02 Sep 2012
Simon Bilo and Richard E. Wagner
Allegheny College - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 168 (163,604)
Citation 2

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neutral money, Cantillon effects, business cycles, non-equilibrium modeling, kaleidics vs. equilibrium, learning by doing, money as commanding height

19.

Entangled Political Economy and the Two Faces of Entrepreneurship

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-26
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 15 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2012
Marta Podemska-Mikluch and Richard E. Wagner
Gustavus Adolphus College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 167 (163,604)
Citation 1

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entrepreneurship, entangled political economy, Jane Jacobs, polycentricity vs. monocentricity, parasitical political pricing, liberty and politics

20.

Choice, Emergence, and Constitutional Process: A Framework for Positive Analysis

Journal of Institutional Economics, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-18
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 May 2010
Petrik Runst and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 156 (173,483)

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Constitutional Political Economy, Emergent Dynamics, Tacit Knowledge, Formal vs. Informal Rules, Original Intent vs. Living Constitution, J. M. Buchanan, F. A. Hayek

21.

Fiscal Crisis as Failure of Progressivist Democracy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-26
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 28 Mar 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 155 (174,403)

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fiscal crisis; public debt; unfunded liabilities; democratic oligarchy; capital accounts and politics; polycentric vs. monocentric polities; power and ideology; liberal vs. progressivist democracy

22.

Volatility in Catallactical Systems: Austrian Cycle Theory Revisited

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-15
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 18 Jun 2014
James Caton and Richard E. Wagner
North Dakota State University - Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 146 (183,326)

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ecology of plans; natural volatility; induced volatility; Austrian cycle theory; non-equilibrium theory; kaleidic analysis; undecidability and choice; algorithmic choice theory; entrepreneurship

23.

Spontaneous Order, Liberty, and Austrian Economics

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-06
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 07 Feb 2012
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 144 (185,452)

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emergence, spontaneous order, mainline vs. mainstream economics, emergent dynamics vs. comparative statics, entangled political economy

24.

Political Entrepreneurship and the Formation of Special Districts

European Journal of Law and Economics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 21 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2010
Alexander Fink and Richard E. Wagner
University of Leipzig and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 144 (185,452)

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special districts, political entrepreneurship, public enterprise, public-private interaction, enterprise-based public finance, constitutional political economy

25.

Public Choice and the Virginia Tradition of Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-21
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 25 Jul 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 137 (193,069)

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Virginia political economy; classical vs. neoclassical economics; Italianate public finance; demonstrative reasoning; plausible reasoning; complexity and political economy

26.

Welfare Economics and Second-Best Theory: Filling Imaginary Economic Boxes

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-42
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 10 Dec 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 134 (196,546)

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second-best theory; welfare economics, empty economic boxes, demonstrative vs. plausible reasoning, prisoners’ dilemma fables

27.

The Peculiar Business of Politics

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-27
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 21 Jul 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 133 (197,692)

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Entangled Political Economy, Creative vs. Mechanical Systems, Parasitical Political Pricing, Societal Tectonics, Political Profit-Seeking

28.

Game Theory and the Architecture of Social Theory: Reflections on Luigino Bruni's Ethos of the Market

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-26
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 27 Oct 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 132 (198,873)

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Neapolitan civil economy; Antonio Genovesi; stag hunts; prisoners’ dilemmas; game theory as social theory; society as ecology; social conflict

29.

The Social Construction of Theoretical Landscapes: Some Economics of Economic Theories

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-34
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Jul 2012
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 132 (198,873)

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spontaneous order, dyadic vs. triadic relationships, amateurs vs. professionals, theories as social constructions, economics of economics

30.

Treating Macro Theory as Systems Theory: Why Does It Matter?

Advances in Austrian Economics, Vol. 19, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-14
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 17 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 08 Oct 2015
Vipin P. Veetil and Richard E. Wagner
Sorbonne University and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 130 (201,288)

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systems theory; complexity theory; emergence; scale-free models; nonequilibrium theory; microfoundations; countercyclical volatility; Friedrich Hayek; Joseph Schumpeter

31.

Gordon Tullock: A Maverick Scholar of Law and Economics

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-04
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 128 (203,784)

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Gordon Tullock; Richard Posner; law and economics; public choice; political economy; process vs. equilibrium; complex phenomena vs. reduction to simplicity

32.

Political Entrepreneurship, Emergent Dynamics, and Constitutional Politics

Review of Social Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-09
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 05 Jan 2018
Alexander William Salter and Richard E. Wagner
Texas Tech University - Rawls College of Business and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 123 (211,417)

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open systems, political entrepreneurship, constitutional control, crooked timber of humanity, paradox of power, emergence

33.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: The Universal Logic of Economizing Action

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-25
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 123 (210,106)

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economizing action; behavioral economics; logical vs. non-logical action; cost and choice; sentiments and reason; Vilfredo Pareto

34.

Polycentrism, Federalism, and Liberty: A Comparative Systems Perspective

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-10
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 12 May 2014
Richard E. Wagner and Akira Yokoyama
George Mason University - Department of Economics and Chuo University - Graduate School and Faculty of Policy Studies
Downloads 122 (212,776)

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Polycentricity; Competitive federalism; Cartel federalism; Decentralization; Political externalities

35.

James M. Buchanan and Liberal Political Economy: A Rational Reconstruction

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-04
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 20 Feb 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 121 (212,776)

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public choice; constitutional political economy; Virginia political economy; Frank Knight; Knut Wicksell; Antonio de Viti de Marco; Gordon Tullock

36.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Preface

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-31
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 116 (219,472)

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systems theory, non-equilibrium modeling, entangled political economy, politics as business

37.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Additive vs. Entangled Political Economy

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-23
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 116 (219,472)

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entangled political economy; centralized mindset; conflicting rationalities; parades vs. piazzas; non-equilibrium modeling

38.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Societal Tectonics and the Art of the Deal

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-27
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 115 (220,888)

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parliamentary tectonics; art of the deal; dyadic vs. triadic transactions; political money laundering

39.

Choice vs. Interaction in Public Choice Theory: Discerning The Legacy of the Calculus of Consent

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-21
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 14 May 2012
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 115 (222,264)
Citation 1

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James M. Buchanan, Gordon Tullock, The Calculus of Consent, complexity theory, public choice, Virginia political economy

40.

A Macro Economy as an Emergent Ecology of Plans

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-33, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 04 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 19 Sep 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 112 (229,604)
Citation 4

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micro foundations, complexity; emergence, supervention, ecology of plans, turbulence, spontaneous ordering, scale-free modeling

41.

Political Parties: Insights from a Tri-Planar Model of Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-23
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 07 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2017
David J. Hebert and Richard E. Wagner
Aquinas College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 110 (228,106)

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political parties as interest groups; common vs. specialized knowledge; agenda manipulation; divided knowledge; non-logical action; ideology; Vilfredo Pareto; Friedrich Hayek

42.

Economics: Rational Action or Social Science? Marshall vs. Edgeworth in re ‘The Social Question’

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-23
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 21 Aug 2010
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 110 (228,106)

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wants vs. activities, raising vs. leveling, social question, mind-society bi-directionality, Alfred Marshall, Francis Edgeworth

43.

Contrasting Visions for Macroeconomic Theory: DSGE and OEE

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-35
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 18 Oct 2017
Abigail Devereaux and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University, Department of Economics, Students and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 108 (232,627)

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Macro Theory as Systems Theory; DSGE Modeling; OEE Modeling; Generative vs. Stipulative Modeling; Synchronic vs. Diachronic Macro; Ecological Games

Constitutional Catallaxy: Friends and Enemies in an Open-Ended Social Order

Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 09 May 2017 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2018
Alexander William Salter and Richard E. Wagner
Texas Tech University - Rawls College of Business and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 82 (281,271)

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choice vs. emergence, constitutional control, friend-enemy distinction, open systems, paradox of power, political entrepreneurship

Constitutional Catallaxy: Friends and Enemies in an Open-Ended Social Order

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-18
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 15 May 2017
Alexander William Salter and Richard E. Wagner
Texas Tech University - Rawls College of Business and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 25 (468,793)

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Choice vs. Emergence; Constitutional Control; Friend-Enemy Distinction; Open Systems; Paradox of Power; Political Entrepreneurship

45.

Legal Entrepreneurship within Alternative Systems of Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-38
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 Sep 2012
Shruti Rajagopalan and Richard E. Wagner
Department of Economics, SUNY Purchase College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 106 (234,184)

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entrepreneurship, legal framework of economic order, ORDO liberalism, common law efficiency, entangled political economy

46.

Public Finance Without Taxation: Alternative Institutional Frameworks for Municipal Corporations

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-18
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 04 Apr 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 106 (234,184)

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cameralism, public pricing for public goods, municipal corporations, city states, political entrepreneurship, user charges and fees

47.

What Kind of State in Our Future? Fact and Conjecture in Vito Tanzi's Government Versus Markets

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-02
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 24 Jan 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 105 (235,737)

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growth of government, Adolf Wagner, Wagner's Law, regulation as taxation, states as orders, measurement without theory

48.

Regarding the Use of Knowledge in Political Economy: Paretian Insight into a Hayekian Challenge

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-15
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 07 May 2016 Last Revised: 09 May 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 104 (237,299)

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generated vs. postulated equilibrium; assembly of distributed knowledge; logical vs. non-logical action; economic calculation; non-priced environments; social tectonics

49.

Dispute Resolution When Rationalities Conflict: Cost and Choice in a Mixed Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-34
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 04 Sep 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 104 (237,299)

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dispute resolution, substantive rationality, private vs. public ordering, market conformability, dyadic vs. triadic market architecture

50.

Constitutional Craftsmanship and the Rule of Law: Organizational Arrangement, Moral Imagination, and the Separation of Powers

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-08
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 Apr 2013
Shruti Rajagopalan and Richard E. Wagner
Department of Economics, SUNY Purchase College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 102 (240,512)

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rule of law, separation of powers, constitutional political economy, moral imagination, ordnungstheorie, polycentrism

51.

Has the U.S. Economy Really Recovered? A Curmudgeonly Answer

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-28
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 30 Jul 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 101 (242,149)

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policy mechanics; complexity theory; ideology; non-logical action; tectonic political economy

52.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Parasitical Political Calculation

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-26
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 98 (247,231)

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economic calculation; parasitical political pricing; capital structure of production; capital accounts of cooperative enterprises

53.

Rationality, Political Economy, and Fiscal Responsibility: Wrestling with Tragedy on the Fiscal Commons

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-28
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 30 Jun 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 98 (247,231)

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fiscal commons, institutional public finance, Antonio De Viti de Marco, cooperative vs. monopolistic states, polycentric vs. monocentric polities, state as intermediary, scale-free modeling

54.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Reason, Sentiment, and Electoral Competition

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-24
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 94 (254,054)

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logical vs. non-logical action; instrumental vs. expressive voting; selection through competition; reason and sentimentality

55.

Bankruptcies, Bailouts, and Some Political Economy of Corporate Reorganization

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-14
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Apr 2017
Dylan J. DelliSanti and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 93 (259,427)

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bankruptcy; bailout; corporate restructuring; automobile bailout; entangled political economy

56.

Richard Epstein's Classical Liberal Constitution: What Might Benjamin Franklin Have Thought?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-03
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 24 Jan 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 90 (264,921)

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separation of powers; rule of law; constitutional erosion; autonomy of the political; democratic oligarchy; compound vs. simple republics

57.

Political Business Cycles: An Emergent-Dynamic Reformulation

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-41
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 03 Oct 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 88 (264,921)

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political business cycles, opportunistic cycles, partisan cycles, microfoundations, supervention, ecology of plans

58.

The State as an Ecology of Political Enterprises

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-20
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 15 May 2010
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 86 (268,719)

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Political Pricing, Political-Economic Interaction, Polycentric Politics, Economic Calculation, Emergence, Spontaneous Order, Order vs. Organization

59.

'Monstrous Moral Hybrids' and the Corrupting Quality of Public Debt

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-47
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 31 Oct 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 85 (272,673)

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Jane Jacobs; monstrous moral hybrids; romance vs. realism in public ordering; erosion of trust through public ordering

60.

Public Debt within Systems of Monopolistic Democracy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-46
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 31 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 01 Nov 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 85 (270,679)

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public debt as shell game; monopolistic democracy; public debt as systemic lying; public debt and social trust; James Buchanan and cost transfer

61.

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Political Economy as Social Agriculture

Politics as a Peculiar Business: Public Choice in a System of Entangled Political Economy, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-28
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 09 Sep 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 85 (270,679)

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agreement vs. acquiescence; social contract mythology; parchment vs. guns in constitution of order; autonomy of the political

62.

Taxation as a Quasi-Market Process: Explanation, Exhortation, and the Choice of Analytical Windows

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-34
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 08 Dec 2013
David J. Hebert and Richard E. Wagner
Aquinas College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 85 (270,679)
Citation 1

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optimal taxation; tax pricing; fiscal philosophers; political realists; centralized mindset; carbon taxation

63.

Polycentric Polity: Genuine vs. Spurious Federalism

Review of Law and Economics, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-15
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 13 Apr 2010
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 82 (276,649)

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competitive government, federalism, polycentricity, decentralization

64.

Promoting the General Welfare: Political Economy for a Free Republic

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-28
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 03 Oct 2010
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 81 (278,725)

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Constitutional Political Economy, Orders vs. Organizations, Emergent Transformation, Samaritan’s Dilemmas and Regime Drift

65.

Economic Coordination in Environments with Incomplete Pricing

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-49
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 05 Nov 2015
Paul Dragos Aligica and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Mercatus Center and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 78 (285,039)

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coordination as state; coordination as process; price proxies; network architecture; sympathetic mind-reading

66.

The Autonomy of the Political within Political Economy

Advances in Austrian Economics, Vol 22, 2017., GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-22
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 17 May 2017 Last Revised: 11 Jun 2017
Ion Sterpan and Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 77 (287,139)

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human association; open vs. closed systems; leadership; power; autonomy of the political; political entrepreneurship; liberalism and authority; governance; federalism and polycentricity; Friedrich Wieser; Carl Schmitt; Vincent Ostrom

67.

Engines, Ecologies, and Economic Systems

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-44
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 31 Oct 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 77 (287,139)

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economists as mechanics; economists as explainers; mythological thinking; realistic thinking

68.

A Theory of Entangled Political Economy, with Application to TARP and NRA

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-22
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 24 Aug 2010
Adam Smith, Richard E. Wagner and Bruce Yandle
George Mason University - Department of Economics, George Mason University - Department of Economics and Clemson University
Downloads 77 (287,139)
Citation 4

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bailout, political economy, credit markets, economic calculation, constitutional economics

69.

American Federalism: How Well Does It Support Lady Liberty?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-25
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 27 Oct 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 76 (289,439)

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federalism; simple republics; compound republics; competitive federalism; cartel federalism

70.

Competition and Selection in Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-46
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 30 Sep 2012
Richard E. Wagner and Deema Yazigi
George Mason University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 75 (291,673)

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selection of qualities, competitive selection, markets vs. elections, substantive rationalities, environments and rationalities, generative analysis, degeneracy, lexicographic ordering, evolutionary political economy

71.

Samaritan's Dilemmas, Wealth Redistribution, and Polycentricity

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-37
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 19 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 21 Sep 2016
Meg Tuszynski and Richard E. Wagner
Southern Methodist University (SMU) - O’Neil Center for Global Markets and Freedom and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 73 (296,154)

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Samaritan’s dilemma; co-production; polycentricity; moral hazard; welfare reform

72.

The Origins of Public Choice and Virginia Political Economy: What Might Arthur Lovejoy Have Thought?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-56
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 09 Dec 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 72 (298,478)

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Antonio de Viti de Marco; Maffeo Pantaleoni; Vilfredo Pareto; James Buchanan; Arthur Lovejoy; fiscal sociology; interdependence between method and substance; emergent order vs. stipulated order

73.

Virginia Political Economy, Rationally Reconstructed

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-04
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 07 Mar 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 69 (305,570)
Citation 1

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Virginia Political Economy, rational reconstruction, methodology of scientific research programs, interacting agents, comparative statics, emergent dynamics

74.

Political Economy and the Supply of Macro Guidance

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-43
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 31 Oct 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 67 (310,461)

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fiscal policy; political realism; economic manipulation for political gain; use of knowledge within political process; individual vs. group action

75.

Rent Seeking and Institutional Evolution within the California Water Game

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-12
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 07 May 2016
James Caton and Richard E. Wagner
North Dakota State University - Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 67 (310,461)

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water rights; riparian systems; appropriative systems; rent seeking; Big Players; overlapping jurisdictions; political tectonics

76.

Raising vs. Leveling in the Social Organization of Welfare

Review of Law and Economics, Forthcoming, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-14
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 13 Apr 2010
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 66 (312,895)
Citation 2

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redistribution vs. flourishing, federalism vs. decentralization, hierarchy vs. polycentricity, wants vs. activities, social division of knowledge, comparative institutional analysis

77.

Budgeting and Public Debt within a System of Cooperative Democracy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-45
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 31 Oct 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 65 (315,408)

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cooperative state as ideal type; government as low-cost borrower; public debt as shell game; problems of scale

78.

Public Debt and the Corruption of Contract: Can the Keynesian Cancer Be Excised?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-05
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 20 Feb 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 64 (318,012)

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contract as promise; cooperative vs. monopolistic democracy; formal vs. practical rationality; structure of production; wheel of income; Antonio de Viti de Marco; James Buchanan; Jane Jacobs

79.

From Mixed Economy to Entangled Political Economy: Paretian Insights into the Two Faces of Entrepreneurship

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-07
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Jan 2015
Meg Tuszynski and Richard E. Wagner
Southern Methodist University (SMU) - O’Neil Center for Global Markets and Freedom and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 63 (320,615)

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dynamics of intervention; mixed economy; entangled political economy; societal tectonics; non-logical action; political entrepreneurship; Vilfredo Pareto; Ludwig von Mises

80.

James Buchanan's Liberal Theory of Political Economy: A Valiant But Failed Effort to Square the Circle

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-16
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 22 Apr 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 62 (323,278)

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James M. Buchanan; non-contradiction; dialectics; closed systems; open systems; sentimental liberalism; muscular liberalism

81.

The Irony of the Calculus of Consent: Diaspora for a Budding Research Program

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-12
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 02 Jun 2013
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 62 (323,278)

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The Calculus of Consent, Virginia Political Economy, methodology of scientific research programs, Progressivism vs. liberalism, Carl Schmitt vs. F. A. Hayek

82.

Form vs. Substance in Selection Through Competition: Elections, Markets, and Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 13-03
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 24 Jan 2013
Richard E. Wagner and Deema Yazigi
George Mason University - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 62 (323,278)

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formal vs. substantive rationality, selection of qualities, competitive selection, markets vs. elections, environmental rationality, ecological rationality, generative analysis, evolutionary political economy

83.

Remembering Bill Niskanen: Pursuing Economics as a Public Science In The Service of Liberty

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-01
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Feb 2012
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 61 (325,881)

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William Niskanen, bureaucracy, constitutional economics, welfare economics, public choice, economics as public science

84.

Design vs. Emergence in a Theory of Federalism: Toward Institutional Reconciliation

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-24
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 07 Mar 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 60 (328,593)

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competitive federalism; collusive federalism; design vs. emergence; simple vs. compound republics; polycentricity; anti-commons

85.

Tax Prices in a Democratic Polity: The Contemporary Relevance of Antonio De Viti de Marco

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-19
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 15 May 2010
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 60 (328,593)
Citation 2

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Antonio De Viti de Marco, Italian School of Public Finance, Tax Prices vs. Market Prices, Constitutional Political Economy

86.

Collaboration vs. Imposition as Motifs for a Theory of Public Finance: Transcending the Goldscheid-Schumpeter Debate

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-30
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Apr 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 58 (334,040)

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Jürgen Backhaus; Joseph Schumpeter; Rudolf Goldscheid; Knut Wicksell; tax state; entrepreneurial state; Staatswissenschaften; constitutions and capital accounts; politics and public finance

87.

Municipal Corporations, Economic Calculation, and Political Pricing: Exploring a Theoretical Antimony

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-04
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 02 Feb 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 58 (334,040)

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municipal corporations, agency theory, competition among governments, political pricing, emergence, scale-free models

88.

Economic Coordination within a Mixed Ecology of Enterprises: Erasing a Theoretical Antinomy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-01
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Marta Podemska-Mikluch and Richard E. Wagner
Gustavus Adolphus College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 57 (336,862)

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economic calculation; economic coordination; public-private interaction; parasitical political pricing; entangled political economy

89.

Change within Permanence: Time and the Bivalent Logic of Economic Analysis

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 10-29
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 03 Oct 2010
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 57 (339,700)

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Carl Menger, Léon Walras, emergence, scientific research programs, social ontology, time and economics

90.

Trade, Power, and Political Economy: Reason vs. Ideology in Edward Stringham's Private Governance

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-02
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 12 Feb 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 56 (342,677)

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externalities as profit opportunities; pretense of knowledge; crooked timber of humanity; prisoners’ dilemma mythology; power as mass phenomenon

91.

The Economics of Economic Expertise: Between Agent Competence and Societal Construction

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-52
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 02 Dec 2011
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 55 (342,677)

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economics of economics; dyadic vs. triadic relationships; amateurs vs. professionals; selection bias among competing theories

92.

Indebted State versus Intermediary State: Who Owes What to Whom?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 11-29
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 30 Jun 2011
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 55 (342,677)

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Ricardian equivalence, public debt vs. personal debt, unfunded liabilities, public debt as fiscal intermediation, Antonio De Viti de Marco

93.

James M. Buchanan and the Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice: Extending the Italian Tradition of Public Finance

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-28
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 07 Sep 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 52 (354,862)

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James M. Buchanan; Antonio de Viti de Marco; Italian tradition of public finance; Paretian fiscal sociology; Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice; Nancy MacLean’s Buchanan

94.

Main Street, Wall Street, and City Hall: Entanglement in a Theory of Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 12-45
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 30 Sep 2012
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 52 (351,778)

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entangled political economy, additive political economy, centralized mindset, conflicting rationalities, architecture of governance

95.

Macro Theory within a Diachronic, Non-Equilibrium Motif

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-48
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 18 Nov 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 50 (357,890)

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diachronic vs. synchronic theorizing, micro foundations, emergence; ecology of plans, turbulence, spontaneous ordering

96.

Debt Default and the Limits of the Contractual Imagination: Pareto and Mosca Meet Buchanan

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-13
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 07 May 2016
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 48 (364,214)

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Debt default; Ricardian equivalence; agreement vs. acquiescence; non-logical action; Vilfredo Pareto; Gaetano Mosca; James Buchanan

97.

Economic Efficiency and the Law: Distinguishing Form from Substance

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-47
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 05 Nov 2015
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 48 (364,214)

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common law efficiency, form vs. substance, metaphysical efficiency, actual efficiency, Pareto and derivations, Jürgen Backhaus

98.

Top-Down or Bottom-Up? Contrasting Approaches to Building a European Union

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-27
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Sep 2017
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 44 (377,263)

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Quality of institutions, market integration, political integration, constitutional drift, Europeanization of public debt

99.

From Mixed Economy to Entangled Political Economy: A Paretian Social-Theoretic Orientation

Public Choice, Vol. 164, No. 2, 2015, GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-36
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Aug 2015
Meg Tuszynski and Richard E. Wagner
Southern Methodist University (SMU) - O’Neil Center for Global Markets and Freedom and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 43 (380,739)

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dynamics of intervention; mixed economy; entangled political economy; Vilfredo Pareto; social theory; societal tectonics; non-logical action; political entrepreneurship

100.

James Buchanan and George Stigler: Divergent Legacies from Frank Knight

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-38
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 15 Nov 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 40 (394,987)

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George J. Stigler; James M. Buchanan, Frank H. Knight; perfect competition; imperfect competition; entrepreneurship; political economy; methodology of scientific research programs

101.

Vincent Ostrom's Research Program in Human Association: Replacing Equilibrium with Yin-and-Yang in Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-06
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 20 Feb 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 39 (394,987)

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self-governance; democratic tyranny; participants vs. observers; crooked timber of humanity; wolves among the primates

102.

De Viti De Marco vs. Ricardo on Public Debt: Self Extinction or Default?

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-14
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 07 May 2016
Giuseppe Eusepi and Richard E. Wagner
Sapienza University of Rome and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 39 (394,987)

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Ricardian equivalence; debt default; micro foundations of macro; circulation of elites; capital budgeting

103.

Politics, Markets, and Dispute Resolution

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 14-08
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 12 Mar 2014
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 39 (394,987)

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dispute resolution; substantive rationality; private vs. public ordering; market conformability

104.

Economic Coordination Across Divergent Institutional Frameworks: Dissolving a Theoretical Antinomy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-46
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 05 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 07 Jan 2017
Marta Podemska-Mikluch and Richard E. Wagner
Gustavus Adolphus College and George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 33 (418,507)

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economic coordination; self-organized systems; entangled political economy; invisible hands and fingers

105.

A Theory of Entangled Political Economy, with Application to TARP and NRA

Public Choice, Vol. 148, No. 1-2, 2011
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 12 Mar 2014
Adam Christopher Smith, Richard E. Wagner and Bruce Yandle
Johnson & Wales University, George Mason University - Department of Economics and Clemson University
Downloads 33 (418,507)
Citation 4

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Bailout, Political economy, Credit markets, Economic calculation, Constitutional economics

106.

Governance within a System of Entangled Political Economy

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 18-20
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 17 Jul 2018
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
Downloads 29 (574,179)

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Entangled political economy, governing the commons, polycentricity, open systems management, divided knowledge

107.

Gordon Tullock's Scholarly Legacy: Extracting It from Buchanan's Shadow

GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 17-39
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 15 Nov 2017
Richard E. Wagner
George Mason University - Department of Economics
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Gordon Tullock; James Buchanan; Carl Schmitt; politics as destiny; Eden vs. Babel