Winston W. Chang

University at Buffalo - Department of Economics

Professor Winston Chang

453 Fronczak Hall

Department of Economics, SUNY at Buffalo

Buffalo, NY 14260

United States

http://arts-sciences.buffalo.edu/economics/faculty/faculty-directory/chang.html

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

28

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Top 5,617

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7,417

CITATIONS
Rank 28,747

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 28,747

in Total Papers Citations

8

Scholarly Papers (28)

1.

Financial Crisis of 2007-2010

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 12 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2011
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 2,517 (4,769)
Citation 5

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Financial crisis, housing and commodity bubbles, shadow banking system, systemic risk, principles of financial reform, Dodd-Frank Reform Act, Basel III accord

2.

The Economics of Offshoring

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 07 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2013
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 715 (34,035)

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offshoring, outsourcing, fragmentation, gains from offshoring, input trade and specialization, IT offshoring, economic welfare, U.S. policies, reform proposals

3.
Downloads 661 ( 37,883)

Brexit and Its Economic Consequences

Presented at the Brexit Roundtable Discussion, SUNY Buffalo, April 10, 2017
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 01 May 2017 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2017
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 661 (37,300)
Citation 1

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Brexit, Treaty of Rome, Maastricht Treaty, Treaty of Lisbon, customs union, free trade agreement, EFTA, CAP, CFP, passporting, and quota-hopping

Brexit and its Economic Consequences

The World Economy, Vol. 41, Issue 9, pp. 2349-2373, 2018
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 17 Sep 2018
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
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Brexit, CAP, CFP, customs union, EFTA, free trade agreement, Maastricht Treaty, passporting, quota‐hopping, Treaty of Lisbon, Treaty of Rome

4.

The EU and the Eurozone: Past, Present, and Future

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 10 Jan 2011
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 561 (47,017)
Citation 4

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EU, European Union, Economic Integration, Common Market, EMU, Euro, Eurozone

Monopolistic Competition and Product Diversity: Review and Extension

Journal of Economic Surveys, Forthcoming
Posted: 19 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2011
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 538 (48,966)

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monopolistic competition, product diversity, love-of-variety, love-of-characteristic models

Monopolistic Competition and Product Diversity: Review and Extension

Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol. 26, Issue 5, pp. 879-910, 2012
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 04 Oct 2012
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 1 (671,144)
Citation 3
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Love‐of‐variety and love‐of‐characteristic models, Monopolistic competition, Product diversity

6.

A Concise Guide to Dynamic Optimization

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 16 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 27 Nov 2016
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 464 (59,739)

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Dynamic optimization, optimal control theory, dynamic programing, Pontryagin's maximum principle, Bellman's principle of optimality, stochastic dynamic programming

7.

Antidumping, Countervailing, and Safeguard Measures

GITAM Review of International Business, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 10 Jan 2011
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 335 (87,798)
Citation 1

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Antidumping, Countervailing, Safeguard Measures, WTO

World Trade and the Environment: Issues and Policies

Forthcoming in Pacific Economic Review
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 12 May 2014 Last Revised: 07 Feb 2015
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 193 (154,255)

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Trade and environment, Kyoto Protocol, cap and trade, ETS, social discount rate, pollution haven hypothesis, EKC, computable environmental GE models, WTO trade dispute cases

World Trade and the Environment: Issues and Policies

Pacific Economic Review, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 435-479, 2017
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 28 Aug 2017
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
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9.

The Theory of Quantity Discounts and Optimal Pricing

Forthcoming in International Journal of Economic Theory
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 29 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2016
Winston W. Chang and Tai-Liang Chen
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 191 (155,786)
Citation 2

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Monopoly, quantity discounts, multi-tier optimal pricing, social welfare, consumer surplus

10.

Inner Workings of the Chinese Economy

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 21 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 01 May 2019
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 189 (157,239)

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China's economy; yuan devaluation; capital flight; forex reserves; impossible trinity; SOEs.

11.

Optimal Transfer Pricing: Competition Mode, Demand and Strategic Characteristics, and Production Technology

Forthcoming in the Global Journal of Economics, March 2013, Vol. 02, No. 01, (doi: 10.1142/S2251361213500031)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 17 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 10 Sep 2016
Winston W. Chang and Han Eol Ryu
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade
Downloads 163 (179,251)

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optimal transfer pricing, vertically related models, multinational firms, international taxation, strategic competition, demand characteristics

Vertically-Related Markets, Foreign Competition, and Optimal Privatization Policy

Review of International Economics, vol. 23, issue 2, pp. 303-319, May 2015
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 26 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2016
Winston W. Chang and Han Eol Ryu
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade
Downloads 91 (279,327)
Citation 1

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Vertically-related Markets, Foreign Competition, Optimal Privatization Policy

Vertically Related Markets, Foreign Competition and Optimal Privatization Policy

Review of International Economics, Vol. 23, Issue 2, pp. 303-319, 2015
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 09 Apr 2015
Winston W. Chang and Han Eol Ryu
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade
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Citation 5
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13.

Trade Disputes in Practice

Vignana Jyothi Journal of Management, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 33-45, 2009
Posted: 10 Jan 2011
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 88 (283,068)
Citation 2

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, CVD, GATT, WTO, NAFTA, and Trade Disputes

14.

A Pedagogical Note on Multi-tier Pricing Scheme

Forthcoming in The American Economist
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 15 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2017
Winston W. Chang and Tai-Liang Chen
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 73 (316,481)

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Monopoly, second-degree price discrimination, multi-tier pricing, public utility pricing, social welfare

15.

Ownership and R&D Intensity in Foreign Affiliates under Incomplete Capital Markets

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 01 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 15 May 2015
Winston W. Chang and Youhui Wu
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo
Downloads 66 (334,145)

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Financial Frictions; Incomplete Contracts; Joint Ventures; Outsourcing; Vertical integration; R&D Intensity

16.

Tridiagonal Matrices with Dominant Diagonals and Applications

Operations Research Letters 44, 2016., pp. 231-233
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 11 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2016
Winston W. Chang and Tai-Liang Chen
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 64 (339,490)
Citation 2

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Tridiagonal Matrix, Dominant Diagonal Matrix, Linear System, Comparative-statics Analysis

17.

Monopoly, Quantity Discounts, and Stepwise Taxation

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 02 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2016
Winston W. Chang and Tai-Liang Chen
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 62 (344,996)
Citation 1

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Quantity discounts; Monopoly; Tax/Subsidy; Stepwise taxation scheme

18.

Export Rivalry, Vertically-Related Markets, and Optimal Public Ownership Policy

Economic Modelling 54, 2016, pp. 392-401
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 07 May 2014 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2016
Winston W. Chang and Han Eol Ryu
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade
Downloads 60 (350,668)
Citation 2

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Optimal Privatization, Vertically Related Market, Imperfect Competition, Intermediate Input, Market Structure

19.

Optimal Transfer Pricing in a Vertically-Related and Imperfectly Competitive Market

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 11 Jul 2014
Winston W. Chang and Han Eol Ryu
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade
Downloads 53 (371,978)

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20.

Optimal Upstream SOE's Managerial Delegation and Downstream Industrial Policy under Successive Duopoly

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 26 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2016
Winston W. Chang and Fang-yueh Chen
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and National Chung Cheng University - Department of Economics
Downloads 51 (378,346)
Citation 3

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Vertically Related Markets; International Mixed Duopoly; Managerial Delegation; Production Subsidy

21.

The Size of Symmetric Free-Trade Blocs and World Welfare

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 23 May 2016 Last Revised: 29 May 2016
Winston W. Chang, Tai-Liang Chen and Tetsuya Saito
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Nihon University College of Economics
Downloads 50 (381,662)
Citation 3

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22.

Financial Frictions, the Rationalization Effect, and Gains from Trade

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 03 Oct 2014
Winston W. Chang and Youhui Wu
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo
Downloads 46 (395,267)

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Entrepreneurship; Financial Frictions; Rationalization Effect; Gains from Trade

23.

Optimal Trade and Privatization Policies in an International Duopoly with Cost Asymmetry

Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 19-42, March 2005
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 09 Jan 2011
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 40 (417,172)
Citation 15

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privatization, tariff, mixed duopoly, cost asymmetry

24.

Cost Asymmetry, Oligopolistic Competition, and Optimal Trade and Industrial Policies

International Economic Journal, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 95-114, March 2005
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 09 Jan 2011
Winston W. Chang and Hajime Sugeta
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and Kansai University - Faculty of Economics
Downloads 40 (417,172)
Citation 1

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Cost Asymmetry, Trade and Industrial Policies

25.

A Note on the Size of Trading Blocs, Market Power and World Welfare Effects

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 31 May 2016
Winston W. Chang, Tai-Liang Chen and Tetsuya Saito
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Nihon University College of Economics
Downloads 34 (441,389)
Citation 1

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Trading Blocs; Strategic Interactions; Normalization Problem; Nash Symmetric Game

26.

Strategic Managerial Delegation and Industrial Policy Competition in Vertically-Related Markets

International Review of Economics and Finance, doi:10.1016/j.iref.2016.01.006
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 02 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2016
Winston W. Chang and Fang-yueh Chen
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and National Chung Cheng University - Department of Economics
Downloads 26 (479,171)

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Vertically Related Markets; International Mixed Duopoly; Managerial Delegation; Production Subsidy

27.

Optimal Trade, Industrial, and Privatization Policies in a Mixed Duopoly with Strategic Managerial Incentives

Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 31-52, 2007
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 09 Jan 2011
Winston W. Chang
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics
Downloads 25 (484,538)
Citation 7

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28.

Conjectural Variations, Market Power, and Optimal Trade Policy in a Vertically Related Industry

Review of International Economics, Vol. 12, pp. 12-26, February 2004
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 29 Mar 2004
Winston W. Chang and Hajime Sugeta
University at Buffalo - Department of Economics and Kansai University - Faculty of Economics
Downloads 20 (512,488)
Citation 11
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