Carl Singleton

University of Stirling - School of Management

Stirling, FK9 4LA

United Kingdom

http://https://www.carlsingletoneconomics.com/

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Germany

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

37

DOWNLOADS
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Top 13,669

in Total Papers Downloads

6,749

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 10,498

in Total Papers Citations

137

CROSSREF CITATIONS

18

Scholarly Papers (37)

1.

Echoes: What Happens when Football Is Played behind Closed Doors?

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 18 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2020
James Reade, Dominik Schreyer and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 1,025 (41,647)
Citation 15

Abstract:

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Home Advantage, Referee Bias, Social Pressure, Attendance, Natural Experiments, Sports Economics, Coronavirus

Causal Effects of an Absent Crowd on Performances and Refereeing Decisions During COVID-19

Economics Letters, Volume 198, January 2021, 109664
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 10 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 28 Dec 2020
UCL, University of London - Institute of Education, University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 522 (99,926)
Citation 34

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Attendance, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Home Advantage, Natural Experiments, Referee Bias, Social Pressure

Experimental Effects of an Absent Crowd on Performances and Refereeing Decisions During Covid-19

IZA Discussion Paper No. 13578
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 10 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2023
UCL, University of London - Institute of Education, University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 247 (229,193)
Citation 6

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referee bias, natural experiments, home advantage, COVID-19, Coronavirus, attendance, social pressure

3.

Demand for Public Events in the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of European Football

Forthcoming, European Sport Management Quarterly
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2020
James Reade and Carl Singleton
University of Reading and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 551 (94,495)
Citation 6

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Demand for Sport, Stadium Attendance, Coronavirus, European Economy, Public Health

4.

What Can We Learn About Economics from Sport during COVID-19?

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2021
University of Stirling - School of Management, UCL, University of London - Institute of Education, University of Reading and WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
Downloads 481 (111,602)
Citation 2

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Sports Economics, Coronavirus, Natural Experiments, Referee Bias, Social Pressure, Prediction Markets

5.

Cristiano of Arabia: Did Ronaldo Increase Saudi Pro League Attendances?

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 28 Aug 2023 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2024
Dominik Schreyer and Carl Singleton
WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 478 (112,432)
Citation 1

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Attendance, Demand, Externalities, Football, Spectator sports, Superstars

6.

Eliminating Supportive Crowds Reduces Referee Bias

Accepted at Economic Inquiry (2021; In press)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 09 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2021
James Reade, Dominik Schreyer and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 413 (133,453)
Citation 22

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Home Advantage, Referee Bias, Social Pressure, Attendance, Natural Experiments, Coronavirus

7.

Who Works for Whom and the UK Gender Pay Gap

British Journal of Industrial Relations, 58(1), 2020
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 11 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
Sarah Jewell, Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading - School of Economics, University of Reading and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 242 (234,880)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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gender wage gap, firm-specific wages, occupation premiums

Scoring Goals: The Impact of English Premier League Football Teams on Local University Admissions

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 08 Apr 2024
University of Stirling - School of Management, University of Reading - ICMA Centre, University of Reading, University of Reading and University of Reading - ICMA Centre
Downloads 217 (259,731)

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professional football, relegation, local economy, regression-discontinuity design, higher education demand

Scoring Goals: The Impact of English Premier League Football Teams on Local University Admissions

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 11 Mar 2024
University of Stirling - School of Management, University of Reading - ICMA Centre, University of Reading, University of Reading and University of Reading - ICMA Centre
Downloads 10 (1,094,889)

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professional football, relegation, local economy, regression-discontinuity design, higher education demand

9.

Extreme Wages, Performance and Superstars in a Market for Footballers

Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 60(1): 84-118. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1111/irel.12270
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 11 May 2020 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2021
Rachel Scarfe, Carl Singleton and Paul Telemo
University of Edinburgh, University of Stirling - School of Management and University of Edinburgh
Downloads 193 (290,233)
Citation 2

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Superstar effects, Top incomes, Labour productivity, Major League Soccer

10.

How big is home advantage at the Olympic Games?

Forthcoming chapter in: H. A. Solberg, R. Storm & K. Swart (Eds.), Research Handbook on Major Sporting Events
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 22 Jul 2021 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2021
University of Stirling - School of Management, University of Reading, affiliation not provided to SSRN and WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
Downloads 184 (302,735)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Attendance, Gender economics, Home bias, Major sport events, Olympic Games, Referee bias, Sports economics

11.

Evaluating Strange Forecasts: The Curious Case of Football Match Scorelines

Forthcoming in Scottish Journal of Political Economy
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 08 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2020
James Reade, Carl Singleton and Alasdair Brown
University of Reading, University of Stirling - School of Management and University of East Anglia (UEA)
Downloads 156 (349,356)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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forecasting, statistical modelling, regression models, prediction markets

12.

Betting on a Buzz, Mispricing and Inefficiency in Online Sportsbooks

International Journal of Forecasting, 39(3), 1413-1423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijforecast.2022.07.011
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 06 Apr 2022 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2023
Philip Ramirez, James Reade and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, University of Reading and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 154 (353,139)
Citation 1

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Wisdom of crowds, Betting markets, Efficient Market Hypothesis, Forecast efficiency, Professional tennis

13.

Do High Wage Footballers Play for High Wage Teams? The case of Major League Soccer

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2019
Rachel Scarfe, Carl Singleton and Paul Telemo
University of Edinburgh - School of Economics, University of Stirling - School of Management and University of Edinburgh
Downloads 142 (376,962)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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firm-specific wages, AKM wage equation, matching, superstar pay

14.

Stadium Attendance Demand During the COVID-19 Crisis: Early Empirical Evidence from Belarus

Forthcoming, Applied Economics Letters
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 20 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
James Reade, Dominik Schreyer and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 136 (389,895)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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Attendance, COVID-19, Football/Soccer, Spectator Decision-Making, Public Health

15.

Recent Changes in British Wage Inequality: Evidence from Firms and Occupations

Published as: Schaefer, D. & Singleton, C. (2019). Recent Changes in British Wage Inequality: Evidence from Large Firms and Occupations. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, In Press. doi.org/10.1111/sjpe.12225
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 03 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2019
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 136 (389,895)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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wage inequality, within-firm inequality, occupational wage premiums

16.

Separating the Crowds: Examining Home and Away Attendances at Football Matches

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 21 Nov 2022
West Virginia University - Department of Economics, University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 125 (416,156)

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Sport, home advantage, attendance, demand

17.

Segregation and Gender Gaps in the United Kingdom's Great Recession and Recovery

Razzu, Giovanni & Carl Singleton. 2018. “Segregation and Gender Gaps in the United Kingdom's Great Recession and Recovery.” Feminist Economics, 24(4): 31-55. DOI: 10.1080/13545701.2018.1451907
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 08 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 109 (460,821)
Citation 2

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Gender segregation of paid work, business cycle, employment gaps, United Kingdom

18.

Accounting for Firms in Ethnicity Wage Gaps Throughout the Earnings Distribution

IZA Discussion Paper No. 15284
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 19 May 2022
University of West of England, Bristol, University of Stirling - School of Management, UCL, City University London - Bayes Business School, University of West of England, Bristol, National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) and University of West of England, Bristol
Downloads 102 (483,097)

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decomposition methods, unconditional quantile regression, employer-employee data, UK labour market

19.

A Decade of Violence and Empty Stadiums in Egypt: When Does Emotion from the Terraces Affect Behaviour on the Pitch?

Forthcoming in Empirical Economics
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 09 Dec 2021 Last Revised: 30 Jan 2023
Carl Singleton, James Reade and Dominik Schreyer
University of Stirling - School of Management, University of Reading and WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
Downloads 102 (483,097)

Abstract:

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Attendance, COVID-19, Football, Home advantage, Natural Experiments, Referee Bias, Social Pressure

20.

Information, Prices and Efficiency in An Online Betting Market

Finance Research Letters, 2019
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 23 May 2019 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2019
Guy Elaad, James Reade and Carl Singleton
Ariel University, University of Reading and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 95 (506,461)
Citation 9

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Prediction Markets, Efficient Market Hypothesis, Favourite-Longshot Bias

21.

Long-Term Unemployment and the Great Recession: Evidence from UK Stocks and Flows

Singleton, C. (2018), Long‐Term Unemployment and the Great Recession: Evidence from UK Stocks and Flows. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 65: 105-126. doi:10.1111/sjpe.12139
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 12 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Carl Singleton
University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 95 (506,461)

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Long-term unemployment, Worker flows, Labour force participation, Great Recession

22.

Gender and the Business Cycle: A Stocks and Flows Analysis of the US and UK Labour Market States

Journal of Macroeconomics, Vol. 47, No. B, 2016
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 06 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 89 (527,741)
Citation 4

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Gender, Worker flows, Unemployment, Participation, Great Recession

23.

Informational Efficiency and Behaviour Within In-Play Prediction Markets

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 08 Jan 2020 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2021
Giovanni Angelini, Luca De Angelis and Carl Singleton
University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics, University of Bologna - Department of Economics and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 88 (531,472)
Citation 5

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Market Efficiency, Favourite-Longshot Bias, Mispricing, Behavioural Bias, Betting Strategy

24.

The Iron Curtain and Referee Bias in International Football

Journal of Sports Economics, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1177/15270025231206470
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 02 Nov 2021 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2023
New Economic School (NES), National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow), University of Reading and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 87 (535,098)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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home advantage, social pressure, international relations, sports economics

25.

On Why the Gender Employment Gap in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s

Industrial Relations Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 04 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
Giovanni Razzu, Carl Singleton and No Name
University of Reading, University of Stirling - School of Management and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 87 (535,098)

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gender employment gaps, structural change, micro time series dataset, UK labour market, labour supply

26.

Can Awareness Reduce (and Reverse) Identity-driven Bias in Judgement? Evidence from International Cricket

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 01 Aug 2023 Last Revised: 26 Apr 2024
Subhasish M. Chowdhury, Sarah Jewell and Carl Singleton
University of Sheffield, University of Reading - School of Economics and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 86 (539,013)

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Natural Experiment, Identity, Judgement Bias, Social Pressure, Home Advantage

27.

Going With Your Gut: The (In)accuracy of Forecast Revisions in a Football Score Prediction Game

Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, Forthcoming, Doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2019.101502
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 21 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 19 Dec 2019
Carl Singleton, James Reade and Alasdair Brown
University of Stirling - School of Management, University of Reading and University of East Anglia (UEA)
Downloads 76 (579,965)
Citation 2

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Judgement revision, Prediction making, Forecasting behaviour, Expectations

Real Wages and Hours in the Great Recession: Evidence from Firms and Their Entry-Level Jobs

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6766
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 27 Jan 2018
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 71 (611,153)

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Wage Rigidity, Great Recession, Hours Worked, Job-Level Analysis

Real Wages and Hours in the Great Recession: Evidence from Firms and their Entry-Level Jobs

Posted: 19 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2017
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and University of Stirling - School of Management

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Wage rigidity, Great Recession, Hours worked, Job-level analysis

29.

Do Natural Resources and FDI Tend to Erode or Support the Development of National Institutions?

Forthcoming in The World Economy
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 10 Mar 2023 Last Revised: 30 May 2023
Grivas Chiyaba and Carl Singleton
University of Reading and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 70 (606,876)

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Foreign direct investment, Natural resources abundance, Institutional quality

30.

The Public-Private Sector Wage Differential in the UK: Evidence from Longitudinal Employer-Employee Data

Economics Letters, Vol. 174, 2019
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 25 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Carl Singleton
University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 49 (720,775)

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public sector premium, firm-specific wages, gender

31.

Nominal Wage Adjustments and the Composition of Pay: New Evidence from Payroll Data

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 21 Jul 2020
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 40 (782,066)

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downward nominal wage rigidity, components of pay, hourly pay rates, hiring wages, allocative wages

32.

Cyclical Labor Costs within Jobs

European Economic Review, Vol. 120, 2019
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 10 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 39 (789,296)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Wage Rigidity, Great Recession, Hours Worked, Job-Level Analysis

33.

Unemployment and Econometric Learning

Schaefer, D. and C. Singleton. 2018. "Unemployment and econometric learning." Research in Economics, 72(2): 277-296. DOI: 10.1016/j.rie.2017.10.005
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 21 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 18 (975,191)
Citation 1

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real business cycle, unemployment, adaptive learning, expectational stability

34.

Accounting for Firms in Gender-Ethnicity Wage Gaps Throughout the Earnings Distribution

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 13 Mar 2024
University of West of England, Bristol, University of Stirling - School of Management, UCL, City University London - Bayes Business School, University of West of England, Bristol, affiliation not provided to SSRN and University of West of England, Bristol
Downloads 15 (1,006,217)

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Previous studies of gender-ethnicity wage gaps have almost exclusively been confined to analyses of household data, so do not fully account for employer influence and wage-setting power. Exploiting high quality employer-employee payroll data on jobs, hours

35.

They Were Robbed! Scoring by the Middlemost to Attenuate Biased Judging in Boxing

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 09 Jan 2024
Stuart Baumann and Carl Singleton
Credit Suisse and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 8 (1,074,660)

Abstract:

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D91, L83, Z20, Z28

36.

Can Awareness Reduce (and Reverse) Identity-Driven Bias in Judgement? Evidence from International Cricket

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 29 Nov 2023
Subhasish M. Chowdhury, Sarah Jewell and Carl Singleton
Department of Economics, University of Sheffield, University of Reading - School of Economics and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 8 (1,074,660)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Natural Experiment, Identity, Judgement Bias, Social Pressure, Home Advantage

37.

Can Awareness Reduce (and Reverse) Identity-Driven Bias in Judgement? Evidence from International Cricket

IZA Discussion Paper No. 16963
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 09 May 2024
Subhasish M. Chowdhury, Sarah Jewell and Carl Singleton
University of Sheffield, University of Reading and University of Stirling - School of Management
Downloads 3 (1,115,353)

Abstract:

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social pressure, judgement bias, identity, natural experiment, home advantage, COVID-19