Carl Singleton

Department of Economics, University of Reading

Whiteknights

Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

29

DOWNLOADS
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Top 17,061

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4,174

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 14,376

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 14,376

in Total Papers Citations

62

CROSSREF CITATIONS

18

Scholarly Papers (29)

1.

Echoes: What Happens when Football Is Played behind Closed Doors?

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 18 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2020
James Reade, Dominik Schreyer and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 793 (43,875)
Citation 15

Abstract:

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Home Advantage, Referee Bias, Social Pressure, Attendance, Natural Experiments, Sports Economics, Coronavirus

Causal Effects of an Absent Crowd on Performances and Refereeing Decisions During COVID-19

Economics Letters, Volume 198, January 2021, 109664
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 10 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 28 Dec 2020
UCL, University of London - Institute of Education, University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 483 (81,885)
Citation 21

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Attendance, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Home Advantage, Natural Experiments, Referee Bias, Social Pressure

Experimental Effects of an Absent Crowd on Performances and Refereeing Decisions During Covid-19

IZA Discussion Paper No. 13578
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 10 Aug 2020
UCL, University of London - Institute of Education, University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 163 (250,283)
Citation 2

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attendance, Coronavirus, COVID-19, home advantage, natural experiments, referee bias, social pressure

3.

Demand for Public Events in the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of European Football

Forthcoming, European Sport Management Quarterly
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2020
James Reade and Carl Singleton
University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 512 (77,023)
Citation 6

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Demand for Sport, Stadium Attendance, Coronavirus, European Economy, Public Health

4.

What Can We Learn About Economics from Sport during COVID-19?

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2021
Department of Economics, University of Reading, UCL, University of London - Institute of Education, University of Reading and WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
Downloads 405 (102,163)
Citation 2

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Sports Economics, Coronavirus, Natural Experiments, Referee Bias, Social Pressure, Prediction Markets

5.

Eliminating Supportive Crowds Reduces Referee Bias

Accepted at Economic Inquiry (2021; In press)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 09 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2021
James Reade, Dominik Schreyer and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 345 (121,663)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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Home Advantage, Referee Bias, Social Pressure, Attendance, Natural Experiments, Coronavirus

6.

Who Works for Whom and the UK Gender Pay Gap

British Journal of Industrial Relations, 58(1), 2020
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 11 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
Sarah Jewell, Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading - School of Economics, University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 176 (234,178)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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gender wage gap, firm-specific wages, occupation premiums

7.

Evaluating Strange Forecasts: The Curious Case of Football Match Scorelines

Forthcoming in Scottish Journal of Political Economy
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 08 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2020
James Reade, Carl Singleton and Alasdair Brown
University of Reading, Department of Economics, University of Reading and University of East Anglia (UEA)
Downloads 127 (304,244)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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forecasting, statistical modelling, regression models, prediction markets

8.

Stadium Attendance Demand During the COVID-19 Crisis: Early Empirical Evidence from Belarus

Forthcoming, Applied Economics Letters
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 20 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
James Reade, Dominik Schreyer and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 116 (324,692)
Citation 7

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Attendance, COVID-19, Football/Soccer, Spectator Decision-Making, Public Health

9.

Recent Changes in British Wage Inequality: Evidence from Firms and Occupations

Published as: Schaefer, D. & Singleton, C. (2019). Recent Changes in British Wage Inequality: Evidence from Large Firms and Occupations. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, In Press. doi.org/10.1111/sjpe.12225
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 03 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2019
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 109 (338,974)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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wage inequality, within-firm inequality, occupational wage premiums

10.

Extreme Wages, Performance and Superstars in a Market for Footballers

Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 60(1): 84-118. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1111/irel.12270
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 11 May 2020 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2021
Rachel Scarfe, Carl Singleton and Paul Telemo
University of Edinburgh, Department of Economics, University of Reading and University of Edinburgh
Downloads 90 (383,557)

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Superstar effects, Top incomes, Labour productivity, Major League Soccer

11.

How big is home advantage at the Olympic Games?

Forthcoming chapter in: H. A. Solberg, R. Storm & K. Swart (Eds.), Research Handbook on Major Sporting Events
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 22 Jul 2021 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2021
Department of Economics, University of Reading, University of Reading, affiliation not provided to SSRN and WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
Downloads 88 (388,896)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Attendance, Gender economics, Home bias, Major sport events, Olympic Games, Referee bias, Sports economics

12.

Long-Term Unemployment and the Great Recession: Evidence from UK Stocks and Flows

Singleton, C. (2018), Long‐Term Unemployment and the Great Recession: Evidence from UK Stocks and Flows. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 65: 105-126. doi:10.1111/sjpe.12139
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 12 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Carl Singleton
Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 80 (411,502)

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Long-term unemployment, Worker flows, Labour force participation, Great Recession

13.

Segregation and Gender Gaps in the United Kingdom's Great Recession and Recovery

Razzu, Giovanni & Carl Singleton. 2018. “Segregation and Gender Gaps in the United Kingdom's Great Recession and Recovery.” Feminist Economics, 24(4): 31-55. DOI: 10.1080/13545701.2018.1451907
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 08 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 80 (411,502)
Citation 1

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Gender segregation of paid work, business cycle, employment gaps, United Kingdom

14.

Betting on a buzz, mispricing and inefficiency in online sportsbooks

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 06 Apr 2022
Philip Ramirez, James Reade and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 65 (460,256)

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Wisdom of crowds, Betting markets, Efficient Market Hypothesis, Forecast efficiency, Professional tennis

15.

Informational Efficiency and Behaviour Within In-Play Prediction Markets

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 08 Jan 2020 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2021
Giovanni Angelini, Luca De Angelis and Carl Singleton
University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics, University of Bologna - Department of Economics and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 64 (463,844)
Citation 1

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Market Efficiency, Favourite-Longshot Bias, Mispricing, Behavioural Bias, Betting Strategy

16.

A Decade of Violence and Empty Stadiums in Egypt: When Does Emotion from the Terraces Affect Behaviour on the Pitch?

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Dec 2021
Carl Singleton, James Reade and Dominik Schreyer
Department of Economics, University of Reading, University of Reading and WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
Downloads 63 (467,578)

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Attendance, COVID-19, Football, Home advantage, Natural Experiments, Referee Bias, Social Pressure

17.

Information, Prices and Efficiency in An Online Betting Market

Finance Research Letters, 2019
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 23 May 2019 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2019
Guy Elaad, James Reade and Carl Singleton
Ariel University, University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 63 (467,578)
Citation 7

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Prediction Markets, Efficient Market Hypothesis, Favourite-Longshot Bias

18.

On Why the Gender Employment Gap in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s

Industrial Relations Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 04 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
Giovanni Razzu, Carl Singleton and No Name
University of Reading, Department of Economics, University of Reading and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 61 (475,078)

Abstract:

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gender employment gaps, structural change, micro time series dataset, UK labour market, labour supply

19.

Gender and the Business Cycle: A Stocks and Flows Analysis of the US and UK Labour Market States

Journal of Macroeconomics, Vol. 47, No. B, 2016
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 06 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 60 (478,861)
Citation 4

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Gender, Worker flows, Unemployment, Participation, Great Recession

20.

Do High Wage Footballers Play for High Wage Teams? The case of Major League Soccer

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2019
Rachel Scarfe, Carl Singleton and Paul Telemo
University of Edinburgh - School of Economics, Department of Economics, University of Reading and University of Edinburgh
Downloads 56 (494,383)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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firm-specific wages, AKM wage equation, matching, superstar pay

21.

Going With Your Gut: The (In)accuracy of Forecast Revisions in a Football Score Prediction Game

Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, Forthcoming, Doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2019.101502
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 21 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 19 Dec 2019
Carl Singleton, James Reade and Alasdair Brown
Department of Economics, University of Reading, University of Reading and University of East Anglia (UEA)
Downloads 52 (510,939)
Citation 2

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Judgement revision, Prediction making, Forecasting behaviour, Expectations

22.

The Iron Curtain and Referee Bias in International Football

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 02 Nov 2021
National Research University Higher School of Economics, National Research University Higher School of Economics, University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 35 (594,030)

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home advantage, social pressure, international relations, sports economics

Real Wages and Hours in the Great Recession: Evidence from Firms and Their Entry-Level Jobs

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6766
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 27 Jan 2018
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 32 (626,670)

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Wage Rigidity, Great Recession, Hours Worked, Job-Level Analysis

Real Wages and Hours in the Great Recession: Evidence from Firms and their Entry-Level Jobs

Posted: 19 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2017
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading

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Wage rigidity, Great Recession, Hours worked, Job-level analysis

24.

The Public-Private Sector Wage Differential in the UK: Evidence from Longitudinal Employer-Employee Data

Economics Letters, Vol. 174, 2019
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 25 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Carl Singleton
Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 28 (636,380)

Abstract:

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public sector premium, firm-specific wages, gender

25.

Cyclical Labor Costs within Jobs

European Economic Review, Vol. 120, 2019
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 10 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 11 (770,241)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Wage Rigidity, Great Recession, Hours Worked, Job-Level Analysis

26.

Nominal Wage Adjustments and the Composition of Pay: New Evidence from Payroll Data

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 21 Jul 2020
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 10 (779,491)

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downward nominal wage rigidity, components of pay, hourly pay rates, hiring wages, allocative wages

27.

Accounting for Firms in Ethnicity Wage Gaps Throughout the Earnings Distribution

IZA Discussion Paper No. 15284
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 19 May 2022
University of West of England, Bristol, Department of Economics, University of Reading, UCL, National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR), University of West of England, Bristol, National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) and University of West of England, Bristol
Downloads 5 (827,958)

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decomposition methods, unconditional quantile regression, employer-employee data, UK labour market

28.

Who Works for Whom and the UK Gender Pay Gap

British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 58, Issue 1, pp. 50-81, 2020
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 05 May 2020
Sarah Louise Jewell, Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 1 (875,868)

Abstract:

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29.

Unemployment and Econometric Learning

Schaefer, D. and C. Singleton. 2018. "Unemployment and econometric learning." Research in Economics, 72(2): 277-296. DOI: 10.1016/j.rie.2017.10.005
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 21 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 1 (875,868)

Abstract:

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real business cycle, unemployment, adaptive learning, expectational stability