Carl Singleton

Department of Economics, University of Reading

Whiteknights

Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

28

DOWNLOADS
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Top 18,739

in Total Papers Downloads

3,519

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 14,649

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 14,649

in Total Papers Citations

64

CROSSREF CITATIONS

15

Scholarly Papers (28)

1.

Echoes: What Happens when Football Is Played behind Closed Doors?

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 18 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2020
James Reade, Dominik Schreyer and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 636 (53,872)
Citation 15

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Home Advantage, Referee Bias, Social Pressure, Attendance, Natural Experiments, Sports Economics, Coronavirus

Causal Effects of an Absent Crowd on Performances and Refereeing Decisions During COVID-19

Economics Letters, Volume 198, January 2021, 109664
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 10 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 28 Dec 2020
UCL, University of London - Institute of Education, University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 464 (78,872)
Citation 20

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Attendance, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Home Advantage, Natural Experiments, Referee Bias, Social Pressure

Experimental Effects of an Absent Crowd on Performances and Refereeing Decisions During Covid-19

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 10 Aug 2020
UCL, University of London - Institute of Education, University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 101 (334,450)
Citation 1

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attendance, Coronavirus, COVID-19, home advantage, natural experiments, referee bias, social pressure

3.

Demand for Public Events in the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of European Football

Forthcoming, European Sport Management Quarterly
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2020
James Reade and Carl Singleton
University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 488 (74,941)
Citation 6

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Demand for Sport, Stadium Attendance, Coronavirus, European Economy, Public Health

4.

What Can We Learn About Economics from Sport during COVID-19?

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2021
Department of Economics, University of Reading, UCL, University of London - Institute of Education, University of Reading and WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
Downloads 324 (119,991)
Citation 2

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Sports Economics, Coronavirus, Natural Experiments, Referee Bias, Social Pressure, Prediction Markets

5.

Eliminating Supportive Crowds Reduces Referee Bias

Accepted at Economic Inquiry (2021; In press)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 09 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2021
James Reade, Dominik Schreyer and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 272 (144,290)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Home Advantage, Referee Bias, Social Pressure, Attendance, Natural Experiments, Coronavirus

6.

Who Works for Whom and the UK Gender Pay Gap

British Journal of Industrial Relations, 58(1), 2020
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 11 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
Sarah Jewell, Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading - School of Economics, University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 167 (227,136)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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gender wage gap, firm-specific wages, occupation premiums

7.

Evaluating Strange Forecasts: The Curious Case of Football Match Scorelines

Forthcoming in Scottish Journal of Political Economy
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 08 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2020
James Reade, Carl Singleton and Alasdair Brown
University of Reading, Department of Economics, University of Reading and University of East Anglia (UEA)
Downloads 118 (298,465)
Citation 2

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forecasting, statistical modelling, regression models, prediction markets

8.

Stadium Attendance Demand During the COVID-19 Crisis: Early Empirical Evidence from Belarus

Forthcoming, Applied Economics Letters
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 20 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
James Reade, Dominik Schreyer and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 112 (309,696)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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Attendance, COVID-19, Football/Soccer, Spectator Decision-Making, Public Health

9.

Recent Changes in British Wage Inequality: Evidence from Firms and Occupations

Published as: Schaefer, D. & Singleton, C. (2019). Recent Changes in British Wage Inequality: Evidence from Large Firms and Occupations. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, In Press. doi.org/10.1111/sjpe.12225
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 03 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2019
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 108 (317,579)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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wage inequality, within-firm inequality, occupational wage premiums

Long-Term Unemployment and the Great Recession: Evidence from UK Stocks and Flows

Singleton, C. (2018), Long‐Term Unemployment and the Great Recession: Evidence from UK Stocks and Flows. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 65: 105-126. doi:10.1111/sjpe.12139
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 12 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Carl Singleton
Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 79 (390,611)

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Long-term unemployment, Worker flows, Labour force participation, Great Recession

Long‐Term Unemployment and the Great Recession: Evidence from UK Stocks and Flows

Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 65, Issue 2, pp. 105-126, 2018
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 13 Apr 2018
Carl Singleton
Department of Economics, University of Reading
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11.

Segregation and Gender Gaps in the United Kingdom's Great Recession and Recovery

Razzu, Giovanni & Carl Singleton. 2018. “Segregation and Gender Gaps in the United Kingdom's Great Recession and Recovery.” Feminist Economics, 24(4): 31-55. DOI: 10.1080/13545701.2018.1451907
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 08 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 78 (389,547)
Citation 1

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Gender segregation of paid work, business cycle, employment gaps, United Kingdom

12.

Extreme Wages, Performance and Superstars in a Market for Footballers

Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 60(1): 84-118. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1111/irel.12270
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 11 May 2020 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2021
Rachel Scarfe, Carl Singleton and Paul Telemo
University of Edinburgh, Department of Economics, University of Reading and University of Edinburgh
Downloads 74 (401,269)

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Superstar effects, Top incomes, Labour productivity, Major League Soccer

13.

How big is home advantage at the Olympic Games?

Forthcoming chapter in: H. A. Solberg, R. Storm & K. Swart (Eds.), Research Handbook on Major Sporting Events
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 22 Jul 2021 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2021
Department of Economics, University of Reading, University of Reading, affiliation not provided to SSRN and WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
Downloads 57 (458,831)

Abstract:

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Attendance, Gender economics, Home bias, Major sport events, Olympic Games, Referee bias, Sports economics

14.

Informational Efficiency and Behaviour Within In-Play Prediction Markets

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 08 Jan 2020 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2021
Giovanni Angelini, Luca De Angelis and Carl Singleton
University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics, University of Bologna - Department of Economics and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 57 (458,831)
Citation 1

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Market Efficiency, Favourite-Longshot Bias, Mispricing, Behavioural Bias, Betting Strategy

15.

Gender and the Business Cycle: A Stocks and Flows Analysis of the US and UK Labour Market States

Journal of Macroeconomics, Vol. 47, No. B, 2016
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 06 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 55 (466,289)
Citation 4

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Gender, Worker flows, Unemployment, Participation, Great Recession

16.

Information, Prices and Efficiency in An Online Betting Market

Finance Research Letters, 2019
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 23 May 2019 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2019
Guy Elaad, James Reade and Carl Singleton
Ariel University, University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 52 (478,055)
Citation 7

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Prediction Markets, Efficient Market Hypothesis, Favourite-Longshot Bias

17.

Do High Wage Footballers Play for High Wage Teams? The case of Major League Soccer

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2019
Rachel Scarfe, Carl Singleton and Paul Telemo
University of Edinburgh - School of Economics, Department of Economics, University of Reading and University of Edinburgh
Downloads 52 (478,055)

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firm-specific wages, AKM wage equation, matching, superstar pay

18.

On Why the Gender Employment Gap in Britain Has Stalled Since the Early 1990s

Industrial Relations Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 04 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
Giovanni Razzu, Carl Singleton and Mark Mitchell
University of Reading, Department of Economics, University of Reading and University of Edinburgh
Downloads 50 (486,235)

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gender employment gaps, structural change, micro time series dataset, UK labour market, labour supply

19.

Going With Your Gut: The (In)accuracy of Forecast Revisions in a Football Score Prediction Game

Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, Forthcoming, Doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2019.101502
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 21 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 19 Dec 2019
Carl Singleton, James Reade and Alasdair Brown
Department of Economics, University of Reading, University of Reading and University of East Anglia (UEA)
Downloads 46 (503,438)
Citation 2

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Judgement revision, Prediction making, Forecasting behaviour, Expectations

20.

A decade of violence and empty stadiums in Egypt: When does emotion from the terraces affect behaviour on the pitch?

Number of pages: 16
Carl Singleton, James Reade and Dominik Schreyer
Department of Economics, University of Reading, University of Reading and WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
Downloads 35

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Attendance, COVID-19, Football, Home advantage, Natural Experiments, Referee Bias, Social Pressure

Real Wages and Hours in the Great Recession: Evidence from Firms and Their Entry-Level Jobs

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 27 Jan 2018
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 29 (606,193)

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Wage Rigidity, Great Recession, Hours Worked, Job-Level Analysis

Real Wages and Hours in the Great Recession: Evidence from Firms and their Entry-Level Jobs

Posted: 19 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2017
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading

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Wage rigidity, Great Recession, Hours worked, Job-level analysis

22.

The Public-Private Sector Wage Differential in the UK: Evidence from Longitudinal Employer-Employee Data

Economics Letters, Vol. 174, 2019
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 25 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Carl Singleton
Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 28 (596,507)

Abstract:

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public sector premium, firm-specific wages, gender

23.

The Iron Curtain and Referee Bias in International Football

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 02 Nov 2021
National Research University Higher School of Economics, National Research University Higher School of Economics, University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 19 (658,043)

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home advantage, social pressure, international relations, sports economics

24.

Cyclical Labor Costs within Jobs

European Economic Review, Vol. 120, 2019
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 10 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 10 (726,448)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Wage Rigidity, Great Recession, Hours Worked, Job-Level Analysis

25.

Nominal Wage Adjustments and the Composition of Pay: New Evidence from Payroll Data

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 21 Jul 2020
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 7 (750,276)

Abstract:

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downward nominal wage rigidity, components of pay, hourly pay rates, hiring wages, allocative wages

26.

Unemployment and Econometric Learning

Schaefer, D. and C. Singleton. 2018. "Unemployment and econometric learning." Research in Economics, 72(2): 277-296. DOI: 10.1016/j.rie.2017.10.005
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 21 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 29 May 2019
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 1 (802,434)

Abstract:

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real business cycle, unemployment, adaptive learning, expectational stability

27.

Recent Changes in British Wage Inequality: Evidence from Large Firms and Occupations

Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 67, Issue 1, pp. 100-125, 2020
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 06 Jun 2020
Daniel Schaefer and Carl Singleton
Johannes Kepler University Linz and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 0 (819,697)
Citation 2
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28.

Who Works for Whom and the UK Gender Pay Gap

British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 58, Issue 1, pp. 50-81, 2020
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 05 May 2020
Sarah Louise Jewell, Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton
University of Reading, University of Reading and Department of Economics, University of Reading
Downloads 0 (819,697)
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