Larry Catá Backer

Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law

Lewis Katz Building

University Park, PA 16802

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

118

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CITATIONS
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44

Scholarly Papers (118)

1.

Multinational Corporations, Transnational Law: The United Nation's Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations as Harbinger of Corporate Responsibility in International Law

Columbia Human Rights Law Review, Vol. 37, 2005
Number of pages: 92 Posted: 05 Apr 2005
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 4,099 (2,017)
Citation 3

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Corporate social responsibility, human rights, corporate governance, international law, comparative law, development

2.

Multinational Corporations as Objects and Sources of Transnational Regulation

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2008
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 12 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 07 Apr 2008
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 2,680 (4,215)
Citation 4

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multinational corporations, transnational law, private international law, soft law

3.

Rights and Accountability in Development (Raid) V Das Air and Global Witness V Afrimex: Small Steps Toward an Autonomous Transnational Legal System for the Regulation of Multinational Corporations

Melbourne Journal of International Law, Vol. 10, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 02 Jul 2009
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 1,852 (7,850)

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Rights And Accountability In Development (Raid) V Das Air, Global Witness V Afrimex, Transnational Law, OECD, Guidelines for Multinational Corporations, soft law, Multinational Corporations, Global Compact

4.

Sovereign Investing in Times of Crisis: Global Regulation of Sovereign Wealth Funds, State Owned Enterprises and the Chinese Experience

Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2009, Penn State Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-2009
Number of pages: 194 Posted: 06 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2009
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 1,366 (12,878)
Citation 2

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sovereign wealth funds,state owned enterprises, santiago principles, sovereign investing, private markets

5.

The Party as Polity, the Communist Party, and the Chinese Constitutional State: A Theory of State-Party Constitutionalism

Penn State Legal Studies Research Paper No. 05-2009
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 10 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 18 Jan 2012
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 1,241 (14,949)

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6.

The Private Law of Public Law: Public Authorities as Shareholders, Golden Shares, Sovereign Wealth Funds, and the Public Law Element in Private Choice of Law

Tulane Law Review, Vol. 82, No. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 22 May 2008 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2008
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 1,220 (15,364)
Citation 4

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golden shares, sovereign wealth funds, state aids, privatization, sovereign immunity

7.

The Rule of Law, the Chinese Communist Party, and Ideological Campaigns: Sange Daibiao (the 'Three Represents'), Socialist Rule of Law, and Modern Chinese Constitutionalism

Journal of Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2006
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 13 Sep 2006 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2008
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 1,175 (16,292)
Citation 1

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China, constitution, Sange Daibiao, Three Represents, Ba Rong Ba Chi, rule of law

8.

Economic Globalization and the Rise of Efficient Systems of Global Private Lawmaking: Wal-Mart as Global Legislator

University of Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 39, No. 4, 2007
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 22 Dec 2006 Last Revised: 09 Jul 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 1,079 (18,485)
Citation 4

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Wal-Mart,globalization, private law, civil society, jordan, germany, suppliers, multinational corporations

9.

Sovereign Wealth Funds as Regulatory Chameleons: The Norwegian Sovereign Wealth Funds and Public Global Governance Through Private Global Investment

Georgetown Journal of International Law, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2009
Number of pages: 92 Posted: 10 May 2009 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2009
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 1,077 (18,543)
Citation 5

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sovereign wealth funds, Santiago Principles, Norway

10.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act: Federalizing Norms for Officer, Lawyer and Accountant Behavior

St. Johns Law Review, Vol. 76, pp. 897-952, 2002
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 12 Feb 2003
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 962 (21,960)
Citation 2

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11.

From Constitution to Constitutionalism: A Global Framework for Legitimate Public Power Systems

Penn State Law Review, Vol. 113, No. 3, 2009
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 24 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2009
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 887 (24,704)
Citation 1

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constitutionalism, international law, jurisprudence, theocracy, Marxist Leninist constitutions, U.S. constitutional law

12.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Japan, China, the U.S. and the Emerging Shape of a New World Trade Regulatory Order

Washington University Global Studies Law Review, 13(1), 2013, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 20-2013
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 24 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 866 (25,551)

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China, Japan, Trans Pacific Partnership, multi-lateral treaties, globalization, trade

13.

Monitor and Manage: MiFID and Power in the Regulation of EU Financial Markets

Yearbook of European Law, Vol. 27, 2008
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 21 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 19 Jul 2010
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 862 (25,710)
Citation 1

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securities regulation, MiFID, surveillance, financial services providers

14.

God(s) Over Constitutions: International and Religious Transnational Constitutionalism in the 21st Century

Mississippi Law Review, Vol. 27, 2008
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 12 Dec 2007 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2009
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 781 (29,538)
Citation 1

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constitutionalism, religion, islam, christianity, rule of law, transnaitonal law, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Germany, Japan

15.

The Drama of Corporate Law: Narrator between Citizen, State and Corporation

Michigan State Law Review, Vol. 2009, No. 4. p. 1111, Winter 2009
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 12 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 17 Aug 2010
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 737 (32,000)

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corporations, yakuza, mafia, narrative, corporate governance, corporate ownership and securities

16.

On the Evolution of the United Nations’ 'Protect-Respect-Remedy' Project: The State, the Corporation and Human Rights in a Global Governance Context

Santa Clara Journal of International Law, Vol. 9, No.1, 2010
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 04 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 29 Dec 2010
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 712 (33,507)

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Ruggie,multinational corporations,corporate governance, human rights, polycentricity, protect-respect-remedy

17.

From Moral Obligation to International Law: Disclosure Systems, Markets and the Regulation of Multinational Corporations

Georgetown Journal of International Law, Vol. 39, 2008
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 27 Mar 2008
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 628 (39,660)
Citation 3

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corporate social responsibility, disclosure, monitoring, multinational corporaitons, transnational corporations, international law

18.

Surveillance and Control: Privatizing and Nationalizing Corporate Monitoring after Sarbanes-Oxley

Law Review of Michigan State University-Detroit College of Law, 2004
Number of pages: 114 Posted: 04 Mar 2004 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2010
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 614 (40,847)
Citation 1

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monitoring, lawyers, auditor, federal securities law, sarbanes-oxley, detect and report

19.

Theocratic Constitutionalism: An Introduction to a New Global Legal Ordering

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2008, Islamic Law and Law of the Muslim World Paper No. 08-44
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 29 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 12 Jan 2009
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 613 (40,946)
Citation 1

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theocracy, constitutionalism, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Iran, Pakistatn, international law, human rights, religion

20.

Economic Globalization Ascendant: Four Perspectives on the Emerging Ideology of the State in the New Global Order

University of California, Berkeley La Raza Law Journal, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2006
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 20 Jul 2006 Last Revised: 09 Jul 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 598 (42,290)
Citation 1

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globalization, state system, Washington Consensus, global governance

21.

A Constitutional Court for China within the Chinese Communist Party: Scientific Development and the Institutional Role of the CCP

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 01 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 02 Oct 2009
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 549 (47,240)
Citation 1

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china, constitutionalism, constitutional court, judicial review, communist party of china

22.

Director Independence and the Duty of Loyalty: Race, Gender, Class and the Disney-Ovitz Litigation

St. John's Law Review, Vol. 79, 2005
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 18 Aug 2005
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 537 (48,581)

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Duty of loyalty, director independence, fiduciary duty

23.

The Duty to Monitor: Emerging Obligations of Outside Lawyers and Auditors to Detect and Report Corporate Wrongdoing Beyond the Securities Laws

St. John's Law Review, Vol. 77, No. 4, p. 919, 2003
Number of pages: 101 Posted: 29 Sep 2003
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 503 (52,775)

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Sarbanes-Oxley, Securities Exchange Act, section 10A, corporate securities, securities fraud, auditing, professional responsibility, discrimination

24.

Transparency and Business in International Law — Governance between Norm and Technique

Number of pages: 58 Posted: 19 Mar 2012
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 486 (55,112)

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multinational corporations, private international law, corporate social responsibility, transparency, ISO26000, GRI, Global Compact, Ruggie Framework, Global Compact, Apple, Inc, British Petroleum

25.

The Structure of Global Law: Fracture, Fluidity, Permeability, and Polycentricity

CPE Working Paper No. 2012-7, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 15-2012
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 01 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 03 Oct 2012
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 481 (55,885)

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polycentricity, globalization, fracture, governance, multinational corporaitons, state power

26.

Governance Without Government: An Overview and Application of Interactions Between Law-State and Governance-Corporate Systems

Penn State Legal Studies Research 10-2010
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 13 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 06 Mar 2012
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 472 (57,266)

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NGOs, product certification, corporate social responsibility, governace without government, corporations, globalization, OECD, Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises

27.

Private Actors and Public Governance Beyond the State: The Multinational Corporation, the Financial Stability Board and the Global Governance Order

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 17, 2011
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 16 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2011
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 470 (57,573)
Citation 1

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Financial Stability Board, multinational corporaitons, corporate social responsibility, soft law

28.

Are Supply Chains Transnational Legal Orders?: What We Can Learn from the Rana Plaza Factory Building Collapse

UC Irvine Journal of International, Transnational, and Comparative Law Vol. 1 (2015, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 05 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 08 Jun 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 467 (58,019)

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supply chain, multinational corporations, TLO transnational legal order, Bangledesh, Accord, Alliance, Rana Plaza, labor rights

29.

The Emerging Structures of Socialist Constitutionalism with Chinese Characteristics: Extra Judicial Detention (Laojiao and Shuanggui) and the Chinese Constitutional Order

Conference: Rule of Law with Chinese Characteristics, Vol. 2013, p. 101, 2013, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 26-2013
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 03 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 25 Feb 2014
Larry Catá Backer and Keren Wang
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law and Communication Arts & Sciences
Downloads 467 (58,019)

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Shuanggui, Laojiao, rule of law, China, constitutionalism, communist party, extra constitutional detention

30.

The Fuhrer Principle of International Law: Individual Responsibility and Collective Punishment

Penn State International Law Review, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 509-567, 2003
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 14 Jul 2003
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 463 (58,636)

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international law, jurisprudence, law and humanities, Geneva conventions, house demolitions, collective punishment

31.

Cuba and the Construction of Alternative Global Trade Systems: ALBA and Free Trade in the Americas

University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2010
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 21 May 2009 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2015
Larry Catá Backer and Augusto Molina
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 435 (63,255)
Citation 1

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ALBA, Alternativa Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América, regional trade agreements, Bilateral investment treaties, Cuba, Venezuela, CARICOM, MERCOSUR, Petrocaribe, grannacional

32.

Harmonizing Law in an Era of Globalization: Convergence, Divergence, and Resistance

HARMONIZING LAW IN AN ERA OF GLOBALISATION: CONVERGENCE, DIVERGENCE, AND RESISTANCE, Larry Cata Backer, ed., Carolina Academic Press, 2007
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 05 Nov 2007
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 430 (64,149)

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harmonization, comparative law, multinational corporations, Islamic law, European Union Law, Indian Law OAS

33.

Global Panopticism: States, Corporations and the Governance Effects of Monitoring Regimes

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 15, 2007
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 07 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2008
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 424 (65,254)

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multinational corporations, surveillance, monitoring, disclosure, regulation, globalization, transnational law

34.

Ideologies of Globalization and Sovereign Debt: Cuba and the IMF

Pennsylvania State International Law Review, Vol. 24, 2006
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 07 Feb 2006
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 383 (73,618)
Citation 2

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Sovereign debt, IMF, Cuba, globalization, neo-liberalism, labor policy, immigration, Free Trade Area of the Americas

35.

From Institutional Misalignment to Socially Sustainable Governance: The Guiding Principles for the Implementation of the United Nation’s 'Protect, Respect and Remedy' and the Construction of Inter-Systemic Global Governance

Pacific McGeorge Global Business & Development Law Journal, 2011
Number of pages: 116 Posted: 06 Sep 2011
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 378 (74,767)

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soft law, John Ruggie, business and human rights, protect-respect-remedy framework, international law, multinational corporations

36.

Measurement, Assessment and Reward: The Challenges of Building Institutionalized Social Credit and Rating Systems in China and in the West

Proceedings of the Chinese Social Credit System, Shanghai Jaiotong University, 23 September 2017
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 22 Sep 2017
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 357 (79,880)

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China, Social Credit, Rating Systems, Administrative Discretion, Rule of Law, Assessment, Compliance

37.

The Autonomous Global Enterprise: On the Role of Organizational Law Beyond Asset Partitioning and Legal Personality

Tulsa Law Journal, Vol 41, 2006
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 07 Feb 2006
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 346 (82,877)

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asset partitioning, limited liability, multinational corporations, regulation, comparative law

38.

Party, People, Government, and State: On Constitutional Values and the Legitimacy of the Chinese State-Party Rule of Law System

Boston University International Law Journal, Vol. 30, 2012
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 13 Jan 2012
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 339 (84,824)
Citation 1

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china, constitutionalism, communist party, legitimacy, rule of law, China, rule of law

39.

China's Corporate Social Responsibility with National Characteristics: Coherence and Dissonance with the Global Business and Human Rights Project

Human Rights and Business: Moving Forward, Looking Back (Jena Martin and Karen E. Bravo,eds., Forthcoming), Penn State Law Research Paper No. 26-2014
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 10 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2015
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 309 (94,064)

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CSR china, state owned enterprisesd, business and human rights, UN Guiding Principles, SASAC

40.

The Guiding Principles of Business and Human Rights at a Crossroads: The State, the Enterprise, and the Spectre of a Treaty to Bind Them All

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 07 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2015
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 298 (97,841)

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business human rights, multinational corporations, Guiding Principles, responsibility to respect, societal constitutions

41.

Cuban Corporate Governance at the Crossroads: Cuban Marxism, Private Economic Collectives and Free Market Globalism

Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2005
Number of pages: 117 Posted: 23 Jan 2005
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 286 (102,315)
Citation 1

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Corporations, globalization, economic development, china, cuba, privatization

42.

The Crisis of Secular Liberalism and the Constitutional State in Comparative Perspective: Religion, Rule of Law, and Democratic Organization of Religion Privileging States

Cornell International Law Journal, Vol. 48, 2015
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 15 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 02 May 2015
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 265 (110,875)

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religion, theocracy, rule of law, constitutional law, direct democracy, blasphemy law

43.

Inter-Systemic Harmonization and Its Challenges for the Legal-State

THE LAW OF THE FUTURE AND THE FUTURE OF THE LAW, Sam Muller, Stavros Zouridis, Laura Kistemaker and Morly Frishman, eds., Torkel Opsahi Academic Editor, 2011, The Pennsylvania State University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-2011
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 23 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 09 Oct 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 264 (111,325)

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44.

Next Generation Law: Data Driven Governance and Accountability Based Regulatory Systems in the West, and Social Credit Regimes in China

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 30 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2018
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 262 (112,678)

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social credit, chain, algorithm, regulatory governance, accountability, governance, data

45.

Privatization, the Role of Enterprises and the Implementation of Social and Economic Rights: A Comparison of Rights-Based and Administrative Approaches in India and China

Consortium for Peace and Ethics Working Paper No. 4-2013, George Washington International Law Review, Vol. 45, No. 4, 2013, Penn State Law Research Paper 4-2013
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 01 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 262 (112,225)

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social and economic rights, India, China, privatization, OECD, human rights, product certification, labor rights, multinational corporations

Retaining Judicial Authority: A Preliminary Inquiry on the Dominion of American Judges

Number of pages: 71 Posted: 12 Mar 2003
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 261 (112,137)

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constitutional law, judges, authority, rule of law, precedent

Retaining Judicial Authority: A Preliminary Inquiry on the Dominion of American Judges

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, Vol. 12, pp. 117-178, 2003
Posted: 16 Nov 2004
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law

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Constitutional law, judges, authority, rule of law, precedent

47.

Odious Debt Wears Two Faces: Systemic Illegitimacy, Problems and Opportunities in Traditional Odious Debt Conceptions in Globalized Economic Regimes

Duke Law School, Law & Contemporary Problems, Vol. 70, 2007
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 17 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 31 Jul 2008
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 252 (116,889)

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globalization, sovereign debt, odious debt, World Bank, Cuba, transnational legal systems

48.

And an Algorithm to Bind Them All? Social Credit, Data Driven Governance, and the Emergence of an Operating System for Global Normative Orders

Entangled Legalities Workshop 24 & 25 May 2018, Geneva
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 06 Jun 2018
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 248 (118,742)

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China, social credit systems, machine learning, transnational law, legal theory, compliance, risk management, algorithms, data analytics

49.

'What is China's Dream?' Hu Angang Imagines China in 2020 as the First Internationally Embedded Superpower

Consortium for Peace & Ethics Working Paper No. 2013-2
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 24 Feb 2013
Larry Catá Backer and Keren Wang
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law and Communication Arts & Sciences
Downloads 248 (118,742)

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China,economic development, Communist Party, population policy, environment, sustainability, reform

50.

Democratizing the Global Business and Human Rights Project by Catalyzing Strategic Litigation from the Bottom Up

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 17 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2015
Larry Catá Backer, Nabih Haddad, Tomonori Teraoka and Keren Wang
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law, Michigan State University - College of Education, University of Tokyo and Communication Arts & Sciences
Downloads 246 (119,730)

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business due diligence, corporate social responsibility, education, human rights, international law, knowledge management, knowledge spiral cluster, nonprofit organizations, OECD, strategic litigation, Guiding Principles Business and Human Rights, Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, NGO

51.

Emasculated Men, Effeminate Law in the United States, Zimbabwe and Malaysia

Yale Journal of Law & Feminism, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2005
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 16 Nov 2004 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2008
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 245 (120,714)

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Gender, comparative law, sodomy, feminist theory, cultural studies

52.

Ch 4: Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) in Five Continents and Three Narratives: Similarities and Differences

Research Handbook On Sovereign Wealth Funds And International Investment Law (Fabio Bassan, ed. Edward Elgar Publishing Forthcoming), Penn State Law Research Paper No. 10-2014
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 05 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 20 May 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 231 (127,532)

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sovereign wealth funds, sovereign investing, extraterritoriality, development funds, pension funds, responsible investing, active shareholding, Santiago Principles, China, Norway

53.

A Lex Mercatoria for Corporate Social Responsibility Codes Without the State? A Critique of Legalization Within the State Under the Premises of Globalization

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2016
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 29 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 227 (129,737)

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Multinational corporations, corporate codes, CSR, international law

54.

Sovereign Investing and Markets-Based Transnational Rule of Law Building: The Norwegian Sovereign Wealth Fund in Global Markets

Coalition for Peace & Ethics Working Paper No. 11/11, American University International Law Review, Vol. 29 p. 1 (2013)
Number of pages: 103 Posted: 19 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 26 Feb 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 227 (130,297)

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sovereign wealth funds, markets, active shareholding, ethics council, investment universe, responsible investment, sovereign investment

55.

Restraining Power from Below: The European's Constitution Text and the Effectiveness of Protection of Member State Power within the EU Framework

Federal Trust Constitutional Online Paper No. 14/04
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 25 Aug 2004
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 227 (129,737)

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56.

Transparency and Business in International Environmental Law

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 13 Jan 2012
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 223 (132,014)

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transparency, corporate governance, soft law, environmental reporting, GRI, Global Compact, OECD

57.

China: Law, Economy and Foreign Relations - A Symposium Introduction

Iowa Journal of Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems, Vol. 16, No. 1, Fall 2006
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 27 Feb 2007
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 218 (134,910)

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China, Taiwan, rule of law, constitution, Communist Party, administrative law, courts, securities markets, banks

58.

The Cuban Communist Party at the Center of Political and Economic Reform: Current Status and Future Reform

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 30 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 01 May 2015
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 216 (136,081)

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commiunist party, socilist democracy, foreign direct investment, cooperatives, socialist economics, china, chinese commuinist party, Cuba

59.

Cuba and the Imf: Conflicts Over the Nature of the State and Sovereign Debt in the Emerging Global Economic System

Number of pages: 63 Posted: 07 Jun 2005
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 211 (139,203)

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Sovereign debt, IMF, Cuba, globalization, neo-liberalism, labor policy, immigration

60.

Corporate Social Responsibility in Weak Governance Zones

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 08 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 09 Jan 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 209 (140,495)

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CSR, multinational corporations, Guiding Principles, Ruggie, OECD, Risk Awareness Tool, extraterritoriality, BITs

61.

Towards a Robust Theory of the Chinese Constitutional State: Between Formalism and Legitimacy in Jiang Shigong's Constitutionalism

Penn State Law Research Paper No. 25-2013
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 10 May 2013 Last Revised: 11 Jul 2013
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 209 (140,495)
Citation 1

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party-state system, single-party constitutional state, separation of powers between state and party, constitutionalism, formalism, China, separation of powers, civic education, legitimacy

62.

The Corporation as Semiosis, 'Citizens United,' the Signification of the Corporate Enterprise and the Development of Law

CPE Working Paper No. 2012-2
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 04 Mar 2012
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 209 (140,495)

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citizens United, corporations, corporate personality, semiotics, corporate personality

63.

Transnational Corporate Constitutionalism: The Emergence of a Constitutional Order for Economic Enterprises

Number of pages: 76 Posted: 11 Apr 2012
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 206 (142,430)

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corporate goverance, OECD, Guiding Principles Business and Human Rights, constitutionalism

64.
Downloads 195 (150,615)

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multinational corporations, CSR, transnational law, international law, corporate governance, soft law, Ruggie, OECD Guidelines

65.

Globalization and the Socialist Multinational: Cuba and ALBA’s Grannacional Projects at the Intersection of Business and Human Rights

Consortium for Peace & Ethics No. 2010-7(1)
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 19 Sep 2011
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 192 (152,078)
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ALBA, Castro, OECD, Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, Ruggie, U.N. Guiding Principles,globalization, human rights, labor markets, regional trade associations, multinational corporations

66.

Parallel Tracks? Internationalizing the American Law School Curriculum in Light of the Principles in the Carnegie Foundation's 'Educating Lawyers'

Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice, Vol. 3
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 09 Mar 2008
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 185 (158,040)

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legal education, Carnegie Foundation, Educating lawyers, international law, curriculum

67.

International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and Sovereign Wealth Funds — SWFs, Internal Improvement and the Socialization of Developing States

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 15 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2015
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 176 (164,387)

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sovereign wealth funds, development fund, stabilization funds, rule of law, socialization, IMF, World Bank, corruption

68.

Governance Polycentrism -- Hierarchy and Order Without Government in Business and Human Rights Regulation

Coalition for Peace and Ethics Working Paper No. 1/1 (2014)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 02 Jan 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 166 (173,175)

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societal conbstitutionalism, transnational law, human rights, multinational corporations, supply chain, OECD Guidelines, Guiding Principles Business and Human Rights

69.

Essay: Considering a Treaty on Corporations and Human Rights: Mostly Failures But with a Glimmer of Success

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 30 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 20 Sep 2015
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 163 (175,810)

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business and human rights, human rights treaty, multinational corporations, Guiding Principles, Civil Society

70.

Between Faculty, Administration, Board, State, and Students: On the Relevance of a Faculty Senate in the Modern U.S. University

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 03 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2013
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 161 (177,672)

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university, shared governance, faculty, academic freedom, faculty senate, faculty governance, board of trustees

71.

The Human Rights Obligations of State Owned Enterprises (SOEs): Emerging Conceptual Structures and Principles in National and International Law and Policy

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 51, 2017, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 18-2017
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 06 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 18 Sep 2017
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 157 (181,576)

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state owned enterprises, business and human rights, Guiding Principles Business Human Rights, multinaitonal corporations, sovereign immunity, asset partitioning, internaitonal trade,

72.

Sovereign Wealth Funds, Capacity Building, Development, and Governance

Wake Forest Law Review, Vol. 34, 2017, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 10-2017
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 11 May 2017 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2017
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 157 (181,576)

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Sovereign Wealth Funds, Development, Corporate Social Responsibility, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Sovereign Investment

73.

Pragmatism Without Principle?: How a Comprehensive Treaty on Business and Human Rights Ought to Be Framed, Why It Can’t, and the Dangers of the Pragmatic Turn in Treaty Crafting

Building a Treaty on Business and Human Rights: Context and Contours (Surya Deva, David Bilchitz et al., eds)., Forthcoming
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 20 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 153 (185,512)

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multinational enterprises, transnational corporations, business and human rights, treaty, UN Guiding Principles, CSR

74.

Global Law in American Law Schools: Prospects and Difficulties of Incorporating a Transnational Element in Legal Education

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 11 Mar 2007
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 145 (193,910)
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transnational law, legal education, international law

75.

From Hatuey to Che: Indigenous Cuba Without Indians and the U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

American Indian Law Review, Vol. 33, 2009
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 28 Mar 2009
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 144 (195,002)

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Cuba, Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Jose Marti, Indians, Che, Fidel Castro, Taino, Indians. indogenous

76.

The Emerging Normative Structures of Transnational Law: Non-State Enterprises in Polycentric Asymmetric Global Orders

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 31 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 142 (197,238)

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transnational law, comparative law, Multinational corporations, constitutional law, private governance, corporate social responsibility

77.

The Mechanics of Perfection: Philosophy, Theology and the Foundations of American Law

ON PHILOSOPHY IN AMERICAN LAW, F.J. Mootz, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2009
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 01 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2008
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 139 (200,671)

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jurisprudence, constitutional law

78.

Chinese Constitutionalism in the New Era: The Emerging Idea and Practice of Constitution in the 19th CPC Congress Report

Working Papers Coalition for Peace & Ethics, No. 11/1 (November 2017)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 09 Nov 2017
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 137 (204,185)

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constitutional law, communist party, china, leninism, comparative law, constitutionalism, 19th Chinese Communist Party COngress

79.

The Cooperative as Proletarian Corporation: Property Rights between Corporation, Cooperatives and Globalization in Cuba

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, Vol. 33, 2013, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 16-2012, Consortium for Peace and Ethics Working Paper No. 2012-8-1
Number of pages: 92 Posted: 23 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 10 Jul 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 129 (212,962)

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globalization, Cuba, Marxist corporation, cooperatives, ALBA, regional trade, socialist, private sector

80.

Review Essay: Taking a Step Toward a Law for Sovereign Wealth Funds

Consortium for Peace Ethics Working Paper No. 2012-9/1, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 17-2012
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 09 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 03 Oct 2012
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 128 (214,271)

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sovereign wealth fund, Santiago Principles, Golden Shares

81.

Using Law Against Itself: Bush V. Gore Applied in the Courts

Rutgers Law Review, Vol. 55, No. 4
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 14 Jul 2003
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 127 (215,559)

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constitutional law, constitutional litigation, jurisprudence

82.

Disciplining Judicial Interpretation of Fundamental Rights: First Amendment Decadence in Southworth and Boy Scouts of America, and European Alternatives

Tulsa Law Journal, Vol. 36, No. 1, p. 117, Fall 2000
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 01 Dec 2004
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 125 (218,201)

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83.

Governance Polycentrism or Regulated Self-Regulation — Rule Systems for Human Rights Impacts of Economic Activity Where National, Private and International Regimes Collide

Kerstin Blome, Hannah Franzki, Andreas Fischer-Lescano, Nora Markard and Stefan Oeter (eds.) 'Contested Collisions: Interdisciplinary Inquiries into Norm Fragmentation in World Society,' Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 01 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 124 (219,520)

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human rights, multinational corporations, transnational corporations, Guiding Principles, OECD Guidelines for Multinationals

84.

Collisions of Societal Constitutions: Hierarchical Power Arrangements and Horizontal Effects in the Management of Human Rights Regimes

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Forthcoming, Societal Constitutionalism and Globalization, p. 101, 2012
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 03 May 2012 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2015
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 124 (219,520)

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societal constitutions, multinational corporaitons, supply chain, business and human rights, CSR, constitutionalism

85.

Unpacking Accountability in Business and Human Rights: The Multinational Enterprise, the State, and the International Community

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 03 May 2018
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 119 (226,328)

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accountability, Bussiness and human rights, Guiding Pirenciples, OECD, Corpoate Sociañl Responsibility, civil society

86.

The Evolving Relationship between TNCs and Political Actors and Governments

Research Handbook on Transnational Corporations, Alice de Jong and Roman Tomasic, eds., Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2015
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 03 Feb 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 119 (226,328)

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TNCs, OECD, CSR, NGOs, global governance, globalizaiton

87.

The Corporate Social Responsibilities of Financial Institutions for the Conduct of Their Borrowers: The View from International Law and Standards

Lewis & Clark Law Review, Vol. 21, 2017, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 8-2017
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 17 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 06 Jun 2017
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 117 (229,194)

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CSR, corporate social responsibility, business and human rights, sustainability, Equator principles, UN Guiding Principles Business Humna Rights, Modern Slavery Act, transparency, corporate disclosure, multinaitonal enterprises

88.

The Ideal and Practice of Chinese Comprehensive Constitutionalism in the 'New Era'

Connecticut Journal of International Law, Vol. 33, No. 2, 2018, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 2-2018
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 02 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2018
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 116 (232,049)

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China, Constitutionalism, Communist Party, Constitutional theory, legitimacy

89.

The Concept of Constitutionalization and the Multi-Corporate Enterprise in the 21st Century

CPE Working Paper 6/1
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 08 Jul 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 115 (232,049)

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corporate governance, states, constitutionalism, constitutionalization, globalization

90.

Values Economics and Theology: The Contribution of Catholic Social Thought and its Implications for Legal Regulatory Systems

Coalition for Peace & Ethics Working Paper No. 2008-1/1
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 07 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 08 Jul 2010
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 114 (233,497)

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Catholic social thought, globalization, economic policy, binary economics, socio-economics, economics and religious values

91.

Global Law Schools on U.S. Models: Emerging Models of Consensus-Based Internationalization or Markets-Based Americanization Models of Global Legal Education

Number of pages: 69 Posted: 20 Aug 2011
Larry Catá Backer and Bret Stancil
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law and University of Pennsylvania
Downloads 111 (238,060)

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Legal education, accreditation, American Bar Association, globalization, outsourcing, legal process bar exam, licensing, foreign lawyers, international, transnational, law school, legal education, curriculum, internationalization of law, legal nationalism, accreditation of law schools, LL.M. program

92.

An Institutional Role for Civil Society within the U.N. Guiding Principles?: Comments on César Rodríguez-Garavito and Tatiana Andia 'Business and Human Rights: Beyond the End of the Beginning'

Implementing the UN’s Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: A South-Initiated North-South Dialogue Brown University, February 20-22, 2014
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 13 Mar 2014
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 106 (245,938)

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human rights, multinational corporations, state duty to protect, corporate responsibility, civil society, remedies, human rights due diligence

93.

Global Corporate Social Responsibility (GCSR) Standards with Cuban Characteristics: What Normalization Means for Transnational Enterprise Activity in Cuba

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 07 Dec 2015
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 100 (256,105)

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Cuba, multinational enterprises, CSR, business human rights, OECD Weak Governance Zone, NCP

94.
Downloads 94 (266,623)

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democracy, collective presidency, socialist democracy, China, communist party, elections, economic policy

95.

Regulating the Multinational Enterprise as Entity, as a Network of Links and as a Process of Production

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 01 Mar 2018
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 91 (272,231)

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multinational corporations, transnational law, transnational corporations, international law, veil piercing, corporate social responsibility, supply chains, OECD, human rights due diligence, disclosure, Modern Slavery, French supoply chain due diligence

96.

Between the Judge and the Law — Judicial Independence and Authority with Chinese Characteristics

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 13 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 91 (272,231)

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Judges, judicial reform, China, common law, judicial interpretation, statutroy construction, Guiding Cases, Communist Party, ideology

97.

The Cuban Communist Party at the Cusp of Change

Reforming Communism: Cuba in a Comparative Perspective, Scott Morgenstern and Jorge Pérez López, eds. Forthcoming
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 17 Jan 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 90 (274,046)

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Communist Party, central planning, economic reform, political reform, rule of law, Cuba

98.

From Guiding Principles to Interpretive Organizations: Developing a Framework for Applying the UNGPs to Disputes that Institutionalizes the Advocacy Role of Civil Society

Business and Human Rights: Beyond the End of the Beginning (César Rodríguez-Garavito, ed., 2015), Penn State Law Research Paper No. 40-2014
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 27 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 13 Dec 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 84 (286,107)

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human rights, civil society, multinational corporaitons, CSR, Guiding Principles, OECD

99.

Central Planning versus Markets Marxism: Their Differences and Consequences for the International Ordering of State, Law, Politics, and Economy

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 07 Aug 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 72 (313,112)

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Cuba, China, Markets Marxism, central planning, working class, rule of law, macro economics, communist party, administrative discretion

100.

Fractured Territories and Abstracted Terrains: Human Rights Governance Regimes Within and Beyond the State

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 2016, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 23 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 01 Nov 2015
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 68 (323,065)

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CSR, corporate social responsibility, human rights, multinational corporations, U.N. Guiding Principles, representation, civil society, self constitution

101.

Institutionalizing Shangfang within the Chinese Socialist Rule-of-Law Framework

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 15 Oct 2014
Larry Catá Backer and Keren Wang
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law and Communication Arts & Sciences
Downloads 68 (323,065)

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socialist rule of law, constitutional law, China, shangfang, petitioning, dispute resolution, administrative law

102.

Theorizing Regulatory Governance Within Its Ecology: The Structure of Management in an Age of Globalization

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 24 May 2016 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 66 (328,257)

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Multinational Corporations, Regulatory Governance, Supply Chains, Production Chains, Regional Trade Associations, OECD, BITs

103.

Between State, Company, and Market: A Preliminary Engagement on the Business and Human Rights Obligations of States and State Owned Enterprises (SOEs)

Coalition for Peace & Ethics Working Paper No. 11-1
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 16 Nov 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 63 (336,242)

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State Owned Enterprises, Business and Human Rights, Corporate Social Responsibility Guiding Principles Business Human Rights, OECD Principles SOE Governance

104.

Beyond Colonization — Programs of U.S. Legal Education Abroad by Indigenous Institutions

Drexel Law Review, Forthcoming, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 26-2012
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 07 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2013
Larry Catá Backer and Bret Stancil
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law and University of Pennsylvania
Downloads 60 (344,456)

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internaitonalization, legal education, globalization, law schools, pedagogy, transnational law, colonialism, markets

105.

'Order, Discipline and Exigency': Cuba's VIth Party Congress, the Lineamientos (Guidelines) and Structural Change in Education, Sport and Culture?

Consortium for Peace and Ethics Working Paper No. 2011-2
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 08 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2011
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 60 (344,456)

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education, cuba, command economy, culture, sport, economic reform, communist party, lineamientos, 6th Party Congress

106.

Cuba's Integration into the Global Economy — How Much is Cuba Expected to Change; How Far is Cuba Willing to Go; and Will the EU Serve as the Mediator of Those Changes?

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 12 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2018
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 43 (398,781)

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European Union, Cuba, Central Planning, normalization, international law, socialist markets, human rights, legal reform, international financial institutions, regional trade associations

107.
Downloads 38 (417,612)

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China, corruption, bribery, prosecutorial discretion, sovereign wealth funds, compliance, disclosure, Norway

108.

The Algorithms of Ideology in Economic Planning: A Critical Look at Cuba's National Economic and Social Development Plan 2030, with a Focus on the Pharma Sector

ASCE Conference July 2017, Penn State Law Research Paper No. 17-2017
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 12 Sep 2017
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 36 (425,568)

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pharmaseutical industry, cuba, foreign direct investment, SOE, central planning, marxist models, markets

109.

Commentary on the New Charity Undertakings Law: Socialist Modernization Through Collective Organizations

The China Non Profit Law Review (Tsinghua University), 2016
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 26 Oct 2016
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 34 (433,617)

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charity Law, China, Foreign NGOs, civil society, Marxist Leninism, Chinese COmmunist Party

110.

To Seek the Future in the Past: Thoughts on Xu Zhangrun: ‘Our Current Fears and Expectations’ (评许章润:我们当下的恐惧与期待)

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 30 Aug 2018
Larry Catá Backer and Flora Sapio
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law and Independent
Downloads 33 (437,799)

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Constitutionalism, China, Marxism Leninism, Political Theory, Belt and Road Initiative, Cult of Personality, Communist Party

111.

Socialist Constitutional Democracy in the Age of Accountability (问责时代的社会主义宪制民主)

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 26 Nov 2018
Larry Catá Backer and Miaoqiang Dai 戴苗强
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 20 (503,586)

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Socialist Consultative Democracy, Accountability, Democratic Centralism, Leninism, Democracy, Voting, United Front, China

112.

From the Social to the Human Rights of Labor: Reflections on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Art. 23, the ILO, and Working Rights Principles

Coalition for Peace and Ethics, Working Paper NO. 2/1, February 2019
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 11 Feb 2019
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 12 (548,709)

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labor rights, human rights, ILO, trafficking child labor, slavery, forced labor, Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights, right to work

113.

Systemic Constraints and the Human Rights Obligations of States and State Owned Enterprises

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 14 Jan 2019
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law
Downloads 10 (560,187)

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state owned enterprises (SOE), sovereign immunity, multinational enterprises, China, OECD, human rights, Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights, supply chains

114.
Downloads 3

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transnational Law, Jessup, transnational enterprises, human rights, legal pluralism, CSR

115.

Regulating Multinational Corporations — Trends, Challenges and Opportunities

Brown Journal of World Affairs, Forthcoming
Posted: 05 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2015
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law

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multinational corporations, corporate social responsibility, international taxation, governance, bilateral investment regimes, foreign direct investment

116.

Philanthropy and the Character of the Public Research University — The Intersections of Private Giving, Institutional Autonomy, and Shared Governance

Facilitating Higher Education Growth through Fundraising and Philanthropy H. C. Alphin Jr., J. Lavine, S. E. Stark & A.Hocke (eds.) (Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2015 Forthcoming)
Posted: 07 Jul 2015
Larry Catá Backer and Nabih Haddad
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law and Michigan State University - College of Education

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philanthropy, university, shared governance, charities, education finance

117.

Race, 'the Race', and the Republic: Re-Conceiving Judicial Authority After Bush v. Gore

Catholic University Law Review, Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 1057-1114, 2002
Posted: 17 Nov 2004
Larry Catá Backer
Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law

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Constitutional law, jurisprudence, race, judicial activism

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constitutional law, federalism, states rights, jurisdiction, political theory