Scott Stern

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

School of Management Distinguished Professor of Technological Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategic Management

Cambridge, MA 02142

United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

41

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CITATIONS
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216

Scholarly Papers (41)

1.

Foundations of Entrepreneurial Strategy

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 29 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 30 Jan 2019
Joshua S. Gans, Scott Stern and Jane Wu
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 4,766 (1,597)
Citation 11

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entrepreneurship, commercialization, intellectual property, uncertainty, strategy

2.

The Product Market and the Market for 'Ideas': Commercialization Strategies for Technology Entrepreneurs

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 Jul 2002
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 1,107 (18,337)
Citation 220

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commercialization, start-up, entrepreneurs, innovation strategy, ideas market

3.
Downloads 1,063 ( 19,458)
Citation 31

Is There a Market for Ideas?

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 29 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2009
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 1,063 (19,096)
Citation 31

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ideas market, intellectual property, market design, repugnance, appropriation

Is There a Market for Ideas?

Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 805-837, 2010
Posted: 04 Jun 2010
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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031

Contracting Over the Disclosure of Scientific Knowledge: Intellectual Property and Academic Publication

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 27 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Joshua S. Gans, Fiona Murray and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 746 (31,833)
Citation 4

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disclosure, science, academic freedom, publication, secrecy, cumulative knowledge, intellectual property protection

Contracting Over the Disclosure of Scientific Knowledge: Intellectual Property and Academic Publication

NBER Working Paper No. w19560
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 25 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 14 Apr 2016
Joshua S. Gans, Fiona Murray and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 19 (539,455)
Citation 8

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5.
Downloads 694 ( 35,667)

Clusters and Entrepreneurship

US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-WP-10-31
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 09 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 08 Jan 2015
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Harvard University - Strategy Unit and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 694 (35,121)
Citation 66

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Entrepreneurship, Industry Clusters, Dynamic Economies of Agglomeration

Clusters and Entrepreneurship

Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 495-518, 2010
Posted: 22 Feb 2012
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Harvard University - Strategy Unit and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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Entrepreneurship, Industry Clusters, Dynamic Economies of Agglomeration

6.

The Economics of Digitization: An Agenda for NSF

American Economic Association, Ten Years and Beyond: Economists Answer NSF's Call for Long-Term Research Agendas
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 12 Aug 2011
Shane M. Greenstein, Josh Lerner and Scott Stern
Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit, Harvard Business School - Finance Unit and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 568 (46,535)
Citation 4

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Incumbency and R&D Incentives: Licensing the Gale of Creative Destruction

University of Melbourne Working Paper No. 17
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 18 Feb 1998 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2015
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 502 (53,765)
Citation 120

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Incumbency and R&D Incentives: Licensing the Gale of Creative Destruction

Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Vol. 9, Issue 4, pp. 485-511, 2000
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 26 Sep 2012
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
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8.
Downloads 450 ( 62,366)
Citation 64

Clusters, Convergence, and Economic Performance

US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-WP- 10-34
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 21 Oct 2010
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Harvard University - Strategy Unit and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 417 (67,689)
Citation 4

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Clusters, Convergence, and Economic Performance

NBER Working Paper No. w18250
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 28 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2015
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Harvard University - Strategy Unit and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 33 (458,776)
Citation 104

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The Impact of Uncertain Intellectual Property Rights on the Market for Ideas: Evidence from Patent Grant Delays

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 17 Apr 2006 Last Revised: 02 May 2013
Joshua S. Gans, David H. Hsu and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Management Department and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 355 (81,916)
Citation 1

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patents, intellectual property, licensing, commercialization, market for ideas, innovation, entrepreneurship

The Impact of Uncertain Intellectual Property Rights on the Market for Ideas: Evidence from Patent Grant Delays

NBER Working Paper No. w13234
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 09 Jul 2007 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2014
Joshua S. Gans, David H. Hsu and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Management Department and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 53 (379,819)
Citation 127

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10.
Downloads 336 ( 87,938)
Citation 165

The Determinants of National Innovative Capacity

NBER Working Paper No. w7876
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 01 Sep 2000 Last Revised: 23 Jun 2012
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Harvard University - Strategy Unit and Boston University - Department of Strategy & Policy
Downloads 336 (87,327)
Citation 165

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The Determinants of National Innovative Capacity

Posted: 29 Aug 2001
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Harvard University - Strategy Unit and Boston University - Department of Strategy & Policy

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11.

The Impact of the Entry of Biosimilars: Evidence from Europe

Morton, Fiona M. Scott, Ariel Dora Stern, and Scott Stern. "The impact of the entry of biosimilars: evidence from Europe." Review of Industrial Organization 53, no. 1 (2018): 173-210.
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 24 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 04 May 2019
Yale School of Management, Harvard Business School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 295 (101,413)
Citation 4

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Biosimilars; Biologics; Pharmaceutical Competition; Health Care Spending; Innovation

Control versus Execution: Endogenous Appropriability and Entrepreneurial Strategy

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 04 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 16 May 2018
Kenny Ching, Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University College London - Department of Management Science and Innovation, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 264 (113,553)

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control, execution, uncertainty, appropriability, intellectual property protection, commercialization

Control Versus Execution: Endogenous Appropriability and Entrepreneurial Strategy

NBER Working Paper No. w24448
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 02 Apr 2018
Kenny Ching, Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University College London - Department of Management Science and Innovation, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
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13.

Of Mice and Academics: Examining the Effect of Openness on Innovation

NBER Working Paper No. w14819
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 29 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2014
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, College de France and London School of Economics and Political Science, Fellow, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Harvard University - Department of Economics and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 203 (147,908)
Citation 19

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14.

Measuring the "Ideas" Production Function: Evidence from International Patent Output

NBER Working Paper No. w7891
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 08 Sep 2000 Last Revised: 18 Dec 2013
Michael E. Porter and Scott Stern
Harvard University - Strategy Unit and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 153 (190,003)
Citation 14

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15.

Disclosure or Secrecy? The Economics of Open Science

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Jul 2007
Arijit Mukherjee and Scott Stern
Michigan State University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 142 (201,989)
Citation 18

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Open Science, Pasteur's Quadrant

When Does Start-Up Innovation Spur the Gale of Creative Destruction?

NBER Working Paper No. w7851
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 28 Aug 2000 Last Revised: 01 May 2013
Joshua S. Gans, David H. Hsu and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Management Department and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 139 (206,081)
Citation 199

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When Does Start-Up Innovation Spur the Gale of Creative Destruction?

RAND Journal of Economics, Vol. 33, No. 4, Winter 2002
Posted: 28 Oct 2002
Joshua S. Gans, David H. Hsu and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Management Department and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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When Does Start-Up Innovation Spur the Gale of Creative Destruction?

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaigns Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship
Posted: 24 Nov 2009
Scott Stern, Joshua S. Gans and David H. Hsu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Pennsylvania - Management Department

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Startups, Intellectual property, Venture capital, Commercialization, Market strategies, Cooperation, Market competition

17.
Downloads 111 (243,709)
Citation 2

Endogenous Appropriability

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2898472
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 14 Jan 2017
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 101 (261,925)

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Control, Execution, Appropriability, Intellectual Property, Entrepreneurial Strategy, Minimum Viable Product

Endogenous Appropriability

NBER Working Paper No. w23138
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 13 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2019
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 10 (598,824)
Citation 3

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18.

Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge? An Empirical Test of the Anti-Commons Hypothesis

NBER Working Paper No. w11465
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 08 Aug 2005 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2014
Scott Stern and Fiona Murray
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center
Downloads 105 (253,477)
Citation 124

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19.

The Determinants of National Competitiveness

NBER Working Paper No. w18249
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 28 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 14 Apr 2016
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Harvard Business School, Harvard University - Strategy Unit and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 97 (267,288)
Citation 5

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20.

Empirical Implications of Physician Authority in Pharmaceutical Decisionmaking

NBER Working Paper No. w6851
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 31 Jan 1999 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2010
Scott Stern and Manuel Trajtenberg
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics
Downloads 97 (267,288)
Citation 6

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21.

Balancing Incentives: the Tension between Basic and Applied Research

NBER Working Paper No. w6882
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 24 May 1999 Last Revised: 22 May 2010
Boston University Questrom School of Business, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 92 (276,531)
Citation 3

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22.

Finding the Endless Frontier: Lessons from the Life Sciences Innovation System for Technology Policy

Capitalism and Society, Vol. 5, Issue 1, Article 1, 2010
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 29 Jan 2013
Iain M. Cockburn and Scott Stern
Boston University Questrom School of Business and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 91 (278,460)
Citation 1

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23.

Are All Patent Examiners Equal? The Impact of Examiner Characteristics

NBER Working Paper No. w8980
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 07 Jun 2002 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2014
Boston University Questrom School of Business, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 90 (280,390)
Citation 5

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24.

The Diffusion of Science-Driven Drug Discovery: Organizational Change in Pharmaceutical Research

NBER Working Paper No. w7359
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 07 Mar 2000 Last Revised: 23 Jun 2012
Boston University Questrom School of Business, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 90 (280,390)
Citation 2

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25.

How Does Outsourcing Affect Performance Dynamics? Evidence from the Automobile Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w13235
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 09 Jul 2007 Last Revised: 26 Feb 2015
Sharon Novak and Scott Stern
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 84 (292,754)
Citation 30

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26.

An Empirical Framework for Testing Theories About Complimentarity in Organizational Design

NBER Working Paper No. w6600
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 13 Jul 2000 Last Revised: 09 Oct 2010
Susan Athey and Scott Stern
Stanford Graduate School of Business and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 77 (308,340)
Citation 2

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27.

Do Scientists Pay to Be Scientists?

NBER Working Paper No. w7410
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 25 Feb 2000 Last Revised: 19 Feb 2009
Scott Stern
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 77 (308,340)
Citation 132

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28.

When Does Funding Research by Smaller Firms Bear Fruit?: Evidence from the Sbir Program

NBER Working Paper No. w7877
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 01 Sep 2000 Last Revised: 18 Dec 2013
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 70 (325,376)
Citation 18

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29.

Market Segmentation and the Sources of Rents from Innovation: Personal Computers in the Late 1980's

NBER Working Paper No. w5726
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 25 Jul 2000 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2010
Stanford University - Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics
Downloads 69 (327,891)
Citation 85

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30.

Patient Welfare and Patient Compliance: an Empirical Framework for Measuring the Benefits from Pharmaceutical Innovation

NBER Working Paper No. w6890
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 27 Apr 1999 Last Revised: 18 Dec 2013
University of Rochester - Simon Business School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics
Downloads 63 (343,943)
Citation 2

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31.

Defining Clusters of Related Industries

NBER Working Paper No. w20375
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 18 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2015
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Harvard University - Strategy Unit
Downloads 56 (364,426)
Citation 17

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32.

The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Innovation

NBER Working Paper No. w24449
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 02 Apr 2018
Boston University Questrom School of Business, Harvard Business School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 46 (397,350)
Citation 4
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The Impact of Information Technology on Emergency Health Care Outcomes

NBER Working Paper No. w7887
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 11 Sep 2000 Last Revised: 02 Jul 2014
Susan Athey and Scott Stern
Stanford Graduate School of Business and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 46 (404,612)
Citation 53

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The Impact of Information Technology on Emergency Health Care Outcomes

Posted: 11 Aug 2001
Susan Athey and Scott Stern
Stanford Graduate School of Business and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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The Impact of Information Technology on Emergency Health Care Outcomes

RAND Journal of Economics, Vol. 33, Autumn 2002
Posted: 23 Sep 2002
Susan Athey and Scott Stern
Stanford Graduate School of Business and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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34.

Climbing Atop the Shoulders of Giants: The Impact of Institutions on Cumulative Research

NBER Working Paper No. w12523
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 02 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 21 Sep 2010
Jeffrey L. Furman and Scott Stern
Boston University - Department of Strategy & Policy and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 45 (400,832)
Citation 62

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35.

Complementarity Among Vertical Integration Decisions: Evidence from Automobile Product Development

NBER Working Paper No. w13232
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 09 Jul 2007 Last Revised: 01 Jul 2014
Sharon Novak and Scott Stern
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 40 (419,271)
Citation 30

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36.

The Adoption and Impact of Advanced Emergency Response Services

NBER Working Paper No. w6595
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 29 Jun 2000 Last Revised: 18 Dec 2013
Susan Athey and Scott Stern
Stanford Graduate School of Business and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 37 (431,338)

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37.

The State of American Entrepreneurship: New Estimates of the Quality and Quantity of Entrepreneurship for 32 Us States, 1988-2014

NBER Working Paper No. w22095
Number of pages: 89 Posted: 21 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2016
Jorge Guzman and Scott Stern
Columbia University - Columbia Business School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 26 (481,774)

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38.

Nowcasting and Placecasting Entrepreneurial Quality and Performance

NBER Working Paper No. w20954
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 16 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2015
Jorge Guzman and Scott Stern
Columbia University - Columbia Business School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 24 (492,705)
Citation 6

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39.

The Nature and Incidence of Software Piracy: Evidence from Windows

NBER Working Paper No. w19755
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 20 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 30 Sep 2014
Susan Athey and Scott Stern
Stanford Graduate School of Business and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 13 (556,281)

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40.

An Empirical Framework for Testing Theories About Complementarity in Organizational Design

Posted: 09 Jun 1997
Susan Athey and Scott Stern
Stanford Graduate School of Business and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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41.

Market Segmentation and the Sources of Rents from Innovation: Personal Computers in the Late 1980s

RAND JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, Vol. 27, No. 0, Special Issue
Posted: 19 Feb 1997
Stanford University - Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics

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