Sandra Wachter

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

1 St. Giles

University of Oxford

Oxford OX1 3PG Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire OX1 3JS

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

12

DOWNLOADS
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Top 1,735

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17,635

CITATIONS
Rank 10,637

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 10,637

in Total Papers Citations

51

Scholarly Papers (12)

1.

Why a Right to Explanation of Automated Decision-Making Does Not Exist in the General Data Protection Regulation

International Data Privacy Law, 2017
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 24 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 20 Sep 2017
Sandra Wachter, Brent Mittelstadt and Luciano Floridi
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 5,943 (1,094)
Citation 32

Abstract:

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artificial intelligence, algorithms, automated decision-making, data protection, General Data Protection Regulation, right to explanation, right of access

2.

A Right to Reasonable Inferences: Re-Thinking Data Protection Law in the Age of Big Data and AI

Columbia Business Law Review, 2019(2)
Number of pages: 130 Posted: 05 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2019
Sandra Wachter and Brent Mittelstadt
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 3,021 (3,549)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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Accountability, Artificial Intelligence, Automated Decision-Making, Big Data, Copyright, Data Analytics, Data Protection, Discrimination, General Data Protection Regulation, Inferences, Intellectual Property, Privacy, Trade Secrets

3.

Counterfactual Explanations Without Opening the Black Box: Automated Decisions and the GDPR

Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, 31 (2), 2018
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 02 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 22 Apr 2019
Sandra Wachter, Brent Mittelstadt and Chris Russell
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Surrey
Downloads 2,936 (3,696)
Citation 17

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accountability, algorithms, artificial intelligence, auditing, automated decision-making, counterfactuals, data ethics, data protection, explainability, GDPR, interpretability, machine learning, right to explanation, transparency

4.

Artificial Intelligence and the 'Good Society': The US, EU, and UK Approach

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 03 May 2017
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 1,537 (10,962)
Citation 8

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Algorithms, Artificial Intelligence, Data Ethics, Good Society, Human Dignity, Politics, Law, Economics

5.

The Ethics of Algorithms: Mapping the Debate

Big Data & Society, Vol. 3(2), DOI: 10.1177/2053951716679679, 2016
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 07 Feb 2017
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 1,451 (12,049)
Citation 17

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Algorithms, Artificial Intelligence, Automation, Big Data, Data Analytics, Data Mining, Ethics, Machine Learning

6.

The GDPR and the Internet of Things: A Three-Step Transparency Model

Law, Innovation and Technology doi.org/10.1080/17579961.2018.1527479
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 06 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 09 Oct 2018
Sandra Wachter
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 619 (41,543)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Data protection, Ethics, Privacy, Internet of things, Profiling

7.

Normative Challenges of Identification in the Internet of Things: Privacy, Profiling, Discrimination, and the GDPR

Computer Law & Security Review, 34 (3), 436-449, 2018
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 07 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2018
Sandra Wachter
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 580 (45,366)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Data Protection, Digital Ethics, Identity, Identification, Internet of Things, Privacy, Profiling, Discrimination, GDPR, Review

8.

Explaining Explanations in AI

Proceedings of FAT* ’19: Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency (FAT* ’19), January 29–31, 2019, Atlanta, GA, USA. ACM, New York, NY, USA, doi/10.1145/3287560.3287574, ISBN: 978-1-4503-6125-5
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 27 Nov 2018
Brent Mittelstadt, Chris Russell and Sandra Wachter
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Surrey and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 504 (54,077)
Citation 1

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interpretability, explanations, accountability, philosophy of science, data ethics, machine learning, artificial intelligence, automated decision-making

9.

Affinity Profiling and Discrimination by Association in Online Behavioural Advertising

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Jun 2019
Sandra Wachter
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 311 (95,739)

Abstract:

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advertising, algorithmic bias, artificial intelligence, data protection, discrimination, discrimination by association, equality, European Union, fairness, General Data Protection Regulation, group privacy, machine learning, non-discrimination law, privacy, profiling

10.

Data Protection in the Age of Big Data

Nature Electronics Vol. 2, 6–7 (2019), DOI: 10.1038/s41928-018-0193-y
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 12 Apr 2019
Sandra Wachter
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 259 (116,338)

Abstract:

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algorithmic accountability, AI, data protection,GDPR, a right to reasonable inferences

11.

Privacy: Primus Inter Pares ― Privacy as a Precondition for Self-Development, Personal Fulfilment and the Free Enjoyment of Fundamental Human Rights

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Jan 2017
Sandra Wachter
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 253 (119,253)
Citation 1

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Data Protection, European Convention of Human Rights, Information Technologies, Legal Theory, Personal Fulfilment, Privacy, Self-Development

12.

Transparent, Explainable, and Accountable AI for Robotics

Science Robotics, Vol. 2, Issue 6, eaan6080, 31 May 2017, DOI:10.1126/scirobotics.aan6080
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 03 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 02 Dec 2017
Sandra Wachter, Brent Mittelstadt and Luciano Floridi
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 221 (136,387)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Ethics; Philosophy; Computer Science; Artificial Intelligence; Robotics; Data Protection