William D. Araiza

Brooklyn Law School

Professor of Law

250 Joralemon Street

Brooklyn, NY 11201

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

48

DOWNLOADS
Rank 22,063

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 22,063

in Total Papers Downloads

4,389

SSRN CITATIONS

3

CROSSREF CITATIONS

3

Scholarly Papers (48)

1.

Limits on Agency Discretion to Choose between Rulemaking and Adjudication: Reconsidering Patel V. Ins and Ford Motor Co. V. Ftc

Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2006-18
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 06 Jun 2006
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 267 (214,850)

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2.

Morse v. Frederick: History, Policy and Temptation

First Amendment Center, Online Symposium: Justice Thomas and the First Amendment, 2007, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2007-43
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 25 Oct 2007
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 243 (235,785)

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3.

Irrationality and Animus and Class-of-One Equal Protection Cases

Ecology Law Quarterly, Vol. 34, p. 493, 2007, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2007-42
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 18 Oct 2007
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 204 (278,158)

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4.

Toward a Non-Delegation Doctrine That (Even) Progressives Could Like

American Constitution Society Supreme Court Review, Vol.3, p. 211, 2019, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 628
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 29 Feb 2020
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 172 (323,782)

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non-delegation, Gundy, intelligible principle

Reinventing Regulation/Reinventing Accountability: Judicial Review in New Governance Regimes

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 191
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 28 May 2010 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2010
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 106 (476,558)

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New Governance, Administrative Law, Judicial Review

Reinventing Regulation/Reinventing Accountability: Judicial Review in New Governance Regimes

Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2010
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 03 Aug 2011
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 65 (646,196)

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6.

Review Essay: Four Books on Gay Rights and Same-Sex Marriage

Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 19, 2010, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2008-34
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 29 Oct 2008
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 167 (332,217)

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7.

Citizens United, Stevens and Humanitarian Law Project: First Amendment Rules and Standards in Three Acts

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 213
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 30 Nov 2010
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 163 (339,177)

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New Governance, Judicial Review, Administrative Law, Standing

8.

Foreign and International Law in Constitutional Gay Rights Litigation: What Claims, What Use and Whose Law?

William Mitchell Law Review, Vol. 32, 2005, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2005-17
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 30 Aug 2005
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 159 (346,372)

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10.

Tales from the Net: Captive Audiences, Children and the Home

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 26 Oct 2002
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 150 (363,538)

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Internet, child protection, captive audience, content-based

11.

Court, Congress and Equal Protection: What Brown Teaches Us About the Section 5 Power

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 Oct 2003
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 137 (390,535)
Citation 1

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constitutional law, civil rights, school desegregation, congressional power

12.

The Section 5 Power and the Rational Basis Standard of Equal Protection

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 29 Jul 2004
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 128 (411,764)

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13.

Deference to Congressional Factfinding in Rights-Enforcing and Rights-Limiting Legislation

88 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 878 (2013), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 281
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 22 May 2012 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2013
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 125 (419,167)
Citation 2

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deference, fact-finding, enforcement legislation, abortion

14.

Was Cleburne an Accident?

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol. 19, p. 621, 2017, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 444
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 28 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2021
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 122 (426,853)

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Cleburne,equal protection

15.

Book Review: Gay Male Pornography: An Issue of Sex Discrimination, by Christopher N. Kendall

Journal of the History of Sexuality, Fall 2005, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2005-21
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 09 Sep 2005
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 121 (429,567)

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16.

The Section 5 Power and the Three-Tiered Structure of Equal Protection

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Nov 2003
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 120 (432,313)

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constitutional law, euqal protection, congressional enforcement, section 5, rational basis

17.

Animus and its Discontents

Florida Law Review, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 563
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 07 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2018
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 108 (467,327)

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Invasion of the Content Neutrality Rule

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 588
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 19 Feb 2019
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 59 (679,706)

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Invasion of the Content-Neutrality Rule

Brigham Young University Law Review, 2019, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 627
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 21 Feb 2020
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 40 (808,377)

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First Amendment, Freedom of Speech, Sorrell, commercial speech, NIFLA, compelled speech, Reed, Gilbert, content neutrality rule

19.

The Public Trust Doctrine as an Interpretive Canon

45 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 693 (2012), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 280
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 23 May 2012
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 97 (503,274)

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public trust doctrine, interpretive canons, natural resources

20.

Constitutional Rules and Institutional Roles: The Fate of the Equal Protection Class of One and What It Means for Congressional Power to Enforce Constitutional Rights

SMU Law Review, Vol. 62, 2009, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 143
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 14 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 20 May 2009
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 92 (520,656)

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civil rights, anti-discrimination law, class of one, equal protection, Olech, Willowbrook, section 5 power, enforcement power, congressional power

21.

Samuel Alito: Populist

103 Cornell Law Review Online (Forthcoming), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 486
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Mar 2017
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 89 (531,622)

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22.

Regents: Resurrecting Animus/Renewing Discriminatory Intent

Seton Hall Law Review, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 645
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 20 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2021
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 84 (550,876)

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23.

After the Tiers: Windsor, Congressional Power to Enforce Equal Protection, and the Challenge of Pointillist Constitutionalism

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 94, No. 367, 2014
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 16 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 25 Apr 2014
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 83 (554,890)

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enforcement power, City of Boerne v. Flores, FMLA, Voting Rights Act, gay rights

24.

Flunking the Class of One/Failing Equal Protection

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 55, No. 435, 2013, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 316
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 15 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 13 Dec 2013
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 81 (563,058)

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class of one, Olech, enquist, equal protection

25.

Another Article About Standing

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 362
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 29 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 09 Dec 2013
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 75 (588,655)

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standing, New Governance, Clapper, Geertson, Monsanto, probabilistic standing

26.

New Groups and Old Doctrine: Rethinking Congressional Power to Enforce the Equal Protection Clause

Florida State University Law Review, Vol. 37, 2010, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 159
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 26 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2009
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 74 (592,992)

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equal protection, congressional enforcement power, civil rights, con-discrimination, Section 5, employment discrimination, genetic discrimination, gay and lesbian, transgendered

27.

'Going the Way of the Steam Engine' - The Institutional Press, The Internet and The Paradox of The Press Clause

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 282
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 01 Jun 2012
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 72 (601,978)

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Press, Press Clause, Journalism, Online Journalism, Internet, Blogging

28.

Playing Well with Others - But Still Winning: Chief Justice Roberts, Precedent, and the Possibilities of a Multi-Member Court

Brooklyn Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 220
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Feb 2011
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 72 (601,978)

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Chief Justice Roberts, precedent, stare decisis, overruling, Citizens United, judicial modesty

29.

Constitutional Rules and Institutional Roles: Lessons from the Equal Protection Class of One

Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2008-25, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 121
Number of pages: 98 Posted: 03 Sep 2008
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 70 (611,277)
Citation 1

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30.

Justice Stevens and Constitutional Adjudication: The Law Beyond the Rules

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 219
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 10 Feb 2011
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 67 (625,508)
Citation 1

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First Amendment, Equal Protection, Justice Stevens, Rules, Standards, Tiered Scrutiny

31.

Arming the Second Amendment — and Enforcing the Fourteenth

74 Washington & Lee Law Rev. (Forthcoming), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 485
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 13 Mar 2017
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 65 (635,458)

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32.

Amicus Brief of Admin Law Scholars; FTC v. Illumina, (5th Cir.) 23-60167 (2023).

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 26 Sep 2023
Yale Law School, Georgia State University - J. Mack Robinson College of Business, Brooklyn Law School, UCLA School of Law and American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 64 (640,674)

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Jarkesy, nondelegation, delegation

33.

Campaign Finance Regulation: The Resilience of the American Model

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 01 Jul 2011
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 51 (713,426)

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34.

Second Amendment Animus: This Far and No Further?

Northwestern L. Rev., No.116, p. 1365, 2022, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 684
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 22 Oct 2021 Last Revised: 28 Oct 2022
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 47 (738,933)

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35.

Call It By Its Name

Stetson Law Review, Vol. 48, p. 181, 2019, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 569
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 16 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2019
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 43 (766,274)

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36.

Objectively Correct

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 646
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 24 Aug 2020
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 41 (780,575)

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37.

One-Offs

Cornell Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 17 Feb 2023 Last Revised: 12 Apr 2023
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 40 (787,833)

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38.

The Troubled Adolescence of City of Boerne v. Flores

Controversies in Equal Protection Cases in America (Anne Richardson, ed.) (2013) (Forthcoming), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 314
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2012
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 39 (795,162)

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enforcement power, City of Boerne v. Flores, FMLA, Voting Rights Act

39.

The Unpublished Concurrence in Romer v. Evans

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 28 Jul 2023 Last Revised: 07 Sep 2023
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 38 (802,667)

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40.

Reciprocal Concealed Carry: The Constitutional Issues

Hastings Const. L. Quarterly, Vol. 46, p. 571, (2019), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 599
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 19 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2019
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 35 (825,934)

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41.

Response: Animus, Its Critics, and Its Potential

Stetson Law Review, Vol. 48, p. 275, 2019, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 568
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 16 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2019
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 31 (859,291)

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42.

The Contributions of William Funk to American Constitutional Law Scholarship

Lewis & Clark Law Review, Vol. 23, p. 1417, 2020, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 626
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 18 Feb 2020
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 30 (867,921)

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Funk, judicial review, surveillance, takings, exactions, true threats

43.

If It's Tuesday, this Must Be Procreation: Methodology and Subject-Matter in Fourteenth Amendment Pedagogy

St. Louis University Law Journal, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 538
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Oct 2017
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 26 (903,950)

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44.

Teach Your Citizens Well: Demeaning Government Speech, Equal Protection Animus, and Government’s Legitimate Power

University of Illinois Law Review, Vol. 2022, pg. 1861, 2022, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 722
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 18 Oct 2022
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 24 (922,688)

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Government speech, Animus, First Amendment, Police power

45.

The Law of License Plates and Other Inevitabilities of Free Speech Context-Sensitivity

Brooklyn Law Review , Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 685
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 27 Oct 2021
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 24 (922,688)

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46.

Left/Right: Managing the Coming Clash Between Congressional Rights Enforcement and Judicial Doctrine

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol. 23, pg. 713, 2021, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 669
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 06 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 21 Oct 2021
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 24 (922,688)

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ENDA, Equality Act, VAWA, Civil Rights Act, Enforcement Power, Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act

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48.

Judicial and Legislative Checks on Ex Parte Omb Influence Over Rulemaking

Posted: 18 May 2002
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School

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