William D. Araiza

Brooklyn Law School

Professor of Law

250 Joralemon Street

Brooklyn, NY 11201

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

42

DOWNLOADS
Rank 17,837

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 17,837

in Total Papers Downloads

3,341

SSRN CITATIONS

2

CROSSREF CITATIONS

3

Scholarly Papers (42)

1.

Limits on Agency Discretion to Choose between Rulemaking and Adjudication: Reconsidering Patel V. Ins and Ford Motor Co. V. Ftc

Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2006-18
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 06 Jun 2006
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 242 (152,249)

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2.

Morse v. Frederick: History, Policy and Temptation

First Amendment Center, Online Symposium: Justice Thomas and the First Amendment, 2007, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2007-43
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 25 Oct 2007
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 193 (188,352)

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3.

Irrationality and Animus and Class-of-One Equal Protection Cases

Ecology Law Quarterly, Vol. 34, p. 493, 2007, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2007-42
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 18 Oct 2007
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 174 (206,368)

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5.

Citizens United, Stevens and Humanitarian Law Project: First Amendment Rules and Standards in Three Acts

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 213
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 30 Nov 2010
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 151 (232,518)

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New Governance, Judicial Review, Administrative Law, Standing

Reinventing Regulation/Reinventing Accountability: Judicial Review in New Governance Regimes

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 191
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 28 May 2010 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2010
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 94 (330,706)

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New Governance, Administrative Law, Judicial Review

Reinventing Regulation/Reinventing Accountability: Judicial Review in New Governance Regimes

Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2010
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 03 Aug 2011
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 57 (439,851)

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7.

Tales from the Net: Captive Audiences, Children and the Home

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 26 Oct 2002
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 150 (233,711)

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Internet, child protection, captive audience, content-based

8.

Review Essay: Four Books on Gay Rights and Same-Sex Marriage

Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 19, 2010, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2008-34
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 29 Oct 2008
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 149 (234,976)

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9.

Foreign and International Law in Constitutional Gay Rights Litigation: What Claims, What Use and Whose Law?

William Mitchell Law Review, Vol. 32, 2005, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2005-17
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 30 Aug 2005
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 149 (234,976)

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10.

Court, Congress and Equal Protection: What Brown Teaches Us About the Section 5 Power

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 Oct 2003
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 128 (264,946)
Citation 1

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constitutional law, civil rights, school desegregation, congressional power

11.

The Section 5 Power and the Rational Basis Standard of Equal Protection

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 29 Jul 2004
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 119 (279,680)

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12.

The Section 5 Power and the Three-Tiered Structure of Equal Protection

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Nov 2003
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 114 (288,307)

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constitutional law, euqal protection, congressional enforcement, section 5, rational basis

13.

Deference to Congressional Factfinding in Rights-Enforcing and Rights-Limiting Legislation

88 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 878 (2013), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 281
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 22 May 2012 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2013
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 109 (297,533)
Citation 2

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deference, fact-finding, enforcement legislation, abortion

14.

Was Cleburne an Accident?

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol. 19, p. 621, 2017, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 444
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 28 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 18 Oct 2017
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 93 (330,462)

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Cleburne,equal protection

15.

Book Review: Gay Male Pornography: An Issue of Sex Discrimination, by Christopher N. Kendall

Journal of the History of Sexuality, Fall 2005, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2005-21
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 09 Sep 2005
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 92 (332,689)

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16.

Animus and its Discontents

Florida Law Review, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 563
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 07 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2018
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 87 (344,564)

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17.

Constitutional Rules and Institutional Roles: The Fate of the Equal Protection Class of One and What It Means for Congressional Power to Enforce Constitutional Rights

SMU Law Review, Vol. 62, 2009, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 143
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 14 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 20 May 2009
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 77 (370,281)

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civil rights, anti-discrimination law, class of one, equal protection, Olech, Willowbrook, section 5 power, enforcement power, congressional power

18.

The Public Trust Doctrine as an Interpretive Canon

45 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 693 (2012), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 280
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 23 May 2012
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 75 (375,885)

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public trust doctrine, interpretive canons, natural resources

19.

After the Tiers: Windsor, Congressional Power to Enforce Equal Protection, and the Challenge of Pointillist Constitutionalism

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 94, No. 367, 2014
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 16 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 25 Apr 2014
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 74 (378,728)

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enforcement power, City of Boerne v. Flores, FMLA, Voting Rights Act, gay rights

20.

Flunking the Class of One/Failing Equal Protection

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 55, No. 435, 2013, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 316
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 15 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 13 Dec 2013
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 67 (399,628)

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class of one, Olech, enquist, equal protection

21.

Toward a Non-Delegation Doctrine That (Even) Progressives Could Like

American Constitution Society Supreme Court Review, Vol.3, p. 211, 2019, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 628
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 29 Feb 2020
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 63 (412,644)

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non-delegation, Gundy, intelligible principle

22.

New Groups and Old Doctrine: Rethinking Congressional Power to Enforce the Equal Protection Clause

Florida State University Law Review, Vol. 37, 2010, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 159
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 26 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2009
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 62 (415,916)

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equal protection, congressional enforcement power, civil rights, con-discrimination, Section 5, employment discrimination, genetic discrimination, gay and lesbian, transgendered

Invasion of the Content Neutrality Rule

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 588
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 19 Feb 2019
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 38 (522,444)

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Invasion of the Content-Neutrality Rule

Brigham Young University Law Review, 2019, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 627
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 21 Feb 2020
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 21 (628,322)

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First Amendment, Freedom of Speech, Sorrell, commercial speech, NIFLA, compelled speech, Reed, Gilbert, content neutrality rule

24.

Justice Stevens and Constitutional Adjudication: The Law Beyond the Rules

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 219
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 10 Feb 2011
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 59 (426,184)
Citation 1

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First Amendment, Equal Protection, Justice Stevens, Rules, Standards, Tiered Scrutiny

25.

Another Article About Standing

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 362
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 29 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 09 Dec 2013
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 58 (429,597)

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standing, New Governance, Clapper, Geertson, Monsanto, probabilistic standing

26.

Playing Well with Others - But Still Winning: Chief Justice Roberts, Precedent, and the Possibilities of a Multi-Member Court

Brooklyn Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 220
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Feb 2011
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 57 (433,259)

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Chief Justice Roberts, precedent, stare decisis, overruling, Citizens United, judicial modesty

27.

Constitutional Rules and Institutional Roles: Lessons from the Equal Protection Class of One

Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2008-25, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 121
Number of pages: 98 Posted: 03 Sep 2008
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 55 (440,474)
Citation 1

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28.

'Going the Way of the Steam Engine' - The Institutional Press, The Internet and The Paradox of The Press Clause

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 282
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 01 Jun 2012
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 54 (444,076)

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Press, Press Clause, Journalism, Online Journalism, Internet, Blogging

29.

Regents: Resurrecting Animus/Renewing Discriminatory Intent

Seton Hall Law Review, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 645
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 20 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2021
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 52 (451,612)

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30.

Arming the Second Amendment — and Enforcing the Fourteenth

74 Washington & Lee Law Rev. (Forthcoming), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 485
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 13 Mar 2017
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 50 (459,349)

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31.

Samuel Alito: Populist

103 Cornell Law Review Online (Forthcoming), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 486
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Mar 2017
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 45 (479,849)

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32.

Campaign Finance Regulation: The Resilience of the American Model

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 01 Jul 2011
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 36 (520,600)

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33.

The Troubled Adolescence of City of Boerne v. Flores

Controversies in Equal Protection Cases in America (Anne Richardson, ed.) (2013) (Forthcoming), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 314
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2012
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 27 (569,557)

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enforcement power, City of Boerne v. Flores, FMLA, Voting Rights Act

34.

Objectively Correct

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 646
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 24 Aug 2020
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 24 (588,606)

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35.

Reciprocal Concealed Carry: The Constitutional Issues

Hastings Const. L. Quarterly, Vol. 46, p. 571, (2019), Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 599
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 19 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2019
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 21 (608,458)

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36.

Call It By Its Name

Stetson Law Review, Vol. 48, p. 181, 2019, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 569
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 16 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2019
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 18 (628,830)

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37.

Response: Animus, Its Critics, and Its Potential

Stetson Law Review, Vol. 48, p. 275, 2019, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 568
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 16 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2019
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 18 (628,830)

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38.

If It's Tuesday, this Must Be Procreation: Methodology and Subject-Matter in Fourteenth Amendment Pedagogy

St. Louis University Law Journal, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 538
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Oct 2017
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 17 (635,777)

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39.

The Contributions of William Funk to American Constitutional Law Scholarship

Lewis & Clark Law Review, Vol. 23, p. 1417, 2020, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 626
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 18 Feb 2020
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 12 (672,109)

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Funk, judicial review, surveillance, takings, exactions, true threats

40.

Left/Right: Managing the Coming Clash Between Congressional Rights Enforcement and Judicial Doctrine

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 669
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 06 Apr 2021
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 6 (717,436)

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ENDA, Equality Act, VAWA, Civil Rights Act, Enforcement Power, Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act

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42.

Judicial and Legislative Checks on Ex Parte Omb Influence Over Rulemaking

Posted: 18 May 2002
William D. Araiza
Brooklyn Law School

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