Mark Drumbl

Washington and Lee University - School of Law

Class of 1975 Alumni Professor Director, Transnational Law Institute

Sydney Lewis Hall

Lexington, VA 24450

United States

http://law.wlu.edu/faculty/profiledetail.asp?id=11

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

38

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17,102

CITATIONS
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Top 10,133

in Total Papers Citations

42

Scholarly Papers (38)

1.

Rights, Culture, and Crime: The Role of Rule of Law for the Women of Afghanistan

Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 04 Oct 2003
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 1,762 (8,204)
Citation 1

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2.

Collective Violence and Individual Punishment: The Criminality of Mass Atrocity

Northwestern University Law Review, Winter 2005
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 13 Apr 2004
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 1,656 (9,054)
Citation 4

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3.

International Human Rights, International Humanitarian Law, And Environmental Security: Can the International Criminal Court Bridge the Gaps?

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law, Vol. 5, No. 2, Spring 2000
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 16 Apr 2001
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 1,062 (18,242)

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environment, armed conflict, international law, criminal punishment

4.

Punishment Postgenocide: From Guilt to Shame to 'Civis' in Rwanda

New York University Law Review, Vol. 75, No. 5, Nov. 2000
Number of pages: 106 Posted: 15 Apr 2001
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 1,045 (18,674)
Citation 11

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international law, genocide, retribution, restorative justice, Africa, Rwanda

5.

Trail Smelter and the International Law Commission's Work on State Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts and State Liability

Washington & Lee Public Law Research Paper No. 03-06
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 May 2003
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 892 (23,623)
Citation 1

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Actors and Law-Making in International Environmental Law

RESEARCH HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, Ong & Fitzmaurice, eds., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2007, Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2007-21
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Oct 2007
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 802 (27,089)
Citation 1

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Actors and Law-Making in International Environmental Law

Research Handbook of International Environmental Law (2011), Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2018-05
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 13 Mar 2018
Mark Drumbl and Kateřina Uhlířová
Washington and Lee University - School of Law and Masaryk University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 23 (489,165)

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De Facto Actors, De Jure Actors, Diverse Processes of Law-Making, Dynamism, Environmental Ethics and Philosophies, International Evironmental Law, Major International Conferences of State, Network Communities of Experts, Non-Governmental Organizations, "Soft Law"

7.

Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy

Mark A. Drumbl, REIMAGINING CHILD SOLDIERS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW AND POLICY, Oxford University Press, February 2012, Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2011-17
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 09 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 30 Mar 2017
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 784 (28,423)

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International Law, War Crimes, Children and Youth, Criminal Justice

8.

Toward a Criminology of International Crime

Washington & Lee Public Law Research Paper No. 03-07
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 27 May 2003
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 783 (28,465)
Citation 4

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9.

Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law

Cambridge University Press, New York, 2007 , Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2007-14
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 17 Apr 2007
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 748 (30,291)
Citation 11

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10.

'She Makes Me Ashamed to Be a Woman': The Genocide Conviction of Pauline Nyiramasuhuko, 2011

Michigan Journal of International Law, 2013, Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2012-32
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 03 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2013
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 747 (30,353)

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Genocide, Justice, Gender, Women's Rights, Mass Violence

11.

Self-Defense, Preemption, Fear: Iraq, and Beyond

Washington & Lee Public Law Research Paper No. 03-04
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 28 May 2003
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 580 (42,623)

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12.

Lessons for International Criminal Justice from Rwanda

Washington & Lee Public Law Research Paper No. 02-13
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 06 Dec 2002
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 465 (56,410)

Abstract:

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13.

Poverty, Wealth, and Obligation in International Environmental Law

Tulane Law Review, Vol. 76, No. 4, Winter 2002
Number of pages: 137 Posted: 12 Sep 2001
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 439 (60,517)
Citation 2

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14.

Victimhood in Our Neighborhood: Terrorist Crime, Taliban Guilt, And the Asymmetries of the International Legal Order

North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 81, No. 1, Fall 2002
Number of pages: 115 Posted: 14 Oct 2001
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 428 (62,425)
Citation 6

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15.

The Effects of the Lubanga Case on Understanding and Preventing Child Soldiering

Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, 2013, Forthcoming, Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2013-05
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 25 Apr 2013
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 423 (63,289)

Abstract:

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Child Soldiers, War Crimes, International Criminal Law, International Criminial Court, Atrocity, Post-Conflict Justice

16.

Punishing Genocide in Rwanda

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2006-06
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 13 Jun 2006
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 421 (63,633)

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Rwanda, genocide

17.

Pluralizing International Criminal Justice (Review Essay)

Michigan Law Review, 2005
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 07 Sep 2004
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 377 (72,576)

Abstract:

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18.

Collective Responsibility and Post-Conflict Justice

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2010-5
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 10 May 2010
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 354 (78,113)

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International Courts, International Organizations, International Criminal Tribunals, Post-Conflict Justice

19.

Looking Up, Down and Across: The Icty's Place in the International Legal Order

New England Law Review
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 27 May 2003
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 348 (79,613)
Citation 1

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20.

The Expressive Value of Prosecuting and Punishing Terrorists: Hamdan, the Geneva Conventions, and International Criminal Law

George Washington Law Review, Vol. 75, 2007, Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2007-02
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 10 Jan 2007
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 339 (82,106)

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21.

Victims Who Victimize: Transcending International Criminal Law's Binaries

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2016-2
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 04 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2016
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 320 (87,917)

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Atrocity, Child Soldiering, Conduct of the Oppressed, Etiological Expressive Purposes, Perpetrators, Victims, Victim-Perpetrator Circularity

22.

Responsibility, Accountability, and Innocence: Judging the September 11 Terrorist Attack

Human Rights Quarterly, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 16 Nov 2001
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 294 (96,250)

Abstract:

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23.

Guantanamo, Rasul and the Twilight of Law

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 05-04
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Mar 2005
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 275 (103,320)

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24.

‘Germans are the Lords and Poles are the Servants’: The Trial of Arthur Greiser in Poland, 1946

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2011-20
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 13 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2014
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 227 (125,801)

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War crimes trials, Holocaust, Crimes against the peace, Poland, Criminal Justice, Genocide

25.

Child Pirates: Rehabilitation, Reintegration, and Accountability

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2013-16
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 28 Sep 2013
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 202 (140,661)

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children, piracy, international crimes, restorative justice, child soldiers

26.

The Push to Criminalize Aggression: Something Lost Amid the Gains?

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2008-43
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 17 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 20 Apr 2009
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 201 (141,337)

Abstract:

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27.

Juridical and Jurisdictional Disconnects

Washington & Lee Public Law Research Paper No. 02-02
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 26 Aug 2003
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 201 (141,337)

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28.

The 'Other' Criminality: Prosecuting Taliban Crimes Against Afghans

Washington & Lee Public Law Research Paper No. 02-10
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 23 Sep 2002
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 140 (193,679)

Abstract:

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29.

When 'Mere Presence' Implicates, But the 'Scale of the Operation' Mitigates: The Curious Criminality of Mass Atrocity

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2012-33
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 04 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 28 May 2014
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 123 (214,496)

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Crimes against humanity, International criminal justice, Collective crimes, Sentencing, Conspiracy, Criminal enterprises

30.

The Kapo on Film: Tragic Perpetrators and Imperfect Victims

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2016-13, 6 Griffith J.L. & Hum. Dignity 229 (2018)
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 03 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2018
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 119 (219,851)

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Kapo, Criminal Law, International Criminal Law, Abuses, Recollection, Victim-Perpetrator Circularity, Sacrifice, Shame, Survival

31.

Extracurricular International Criminal Law

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2016-3
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 04 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2016
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 119 (219,851)

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Alien Tort Statute Criminal Law, Domestic Criminal Law, International Criminal Court, International Criminal Law, Military Courts, Relationship Between National Courts and International Law, Tribunals

32.

Stepping Beyond Nuremberg's Halo: The Legacy of the Supreme National Tribunal of Poland

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2015-25
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 03 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2015
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 101 (247,090)

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War crimes, Second World War, International criminal law, Post-conflict justice

33.

The United States and the International Criminal Court: A Complicated, Uneasy, Yet at Times Engaging Relationship

Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-07-02
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Jul 2016
Leila N. Sadat and Mark Drumbl
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 94 (259,095)

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International Criminal Court; US Criminal Law; State Criminal Law; War Crimes; Crimes against Humanity; Genocide; Bush Administration; Obama Administration; United Nations; Guantanamo Bay; Invasion of Iraq; September 11 Attacks, Bilateral Immunity Agreements

34.

Impunities

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2017-17
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Nov 2017
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 73 (302,062)

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Accountability, Civil Society, Complementarity, Complementary System of Criminal Justice, Courtrooms, Freedom From Punishment, Impunity Gap, Incarceration, International Criminal Courts, Jailhouses, Peace, Poena, Protection of Human Rights, Punishment, Reconciliation, Trials

35.

Histories of the Jewish 'Collaborator': Exile, Not Guilt

Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2017-13
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 28 Jul 2017
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 57 (343,325)

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Community Leaders, Criminal Proceedings vs. Literary Accounts, Ghetto Police, Holocaust, Holocaust Remembrance, Jewish, Collaborator, Jewish Detainees, Judicial Proceedings, Julius Siegel, Macro-History, Malchiel Gruenwald, Micro-History, Nazi Concentration and Labor Camps, Rudolf Kastner

36.

International Justice Outside of Criminal Courtrooms and Jailhouses

Arcs of Global Justice: Essays in Honour of William A. Schabas, Margaret M. deGuzman and Diane Marie Amann, eds, January 2018, Washington & Lee Legal Studies Paper No. 2018-01
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 11 Jan 2018
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 54 (352,361)

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Accountability Mechanisms, Alternative Forms of Justice, Amnesties, Civil Law, Civil Sanctions, Criminal Courts, Criminal Courtrooms, Criminal Process, Criminal Trials, Custodial Punishment, Dispute Resolution, Genocide, Justice, Legal Pluralism, Reparations, Restitution, Transitional Justice

37.

Genocide: The Choppy Journey to Codification

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 25 Oct 2018
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law
Downloads 24 (469,032)

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Genocide, International Law, Criminal Law, Lemkin, Treaty, Transitional Justice, International Criminal Law, Legal History

38.

Prosecution of Genocide V. The Fair Trial Principle: Comments on Brown and Others V. The Government of Rwanda and the UK Secretary of State for the Home Department

Journal of International Criminal Justice, Vol. 8, Issue 1, pp. 289-309, 2010
Posted: 22 Mar 2010
Mark Drumbl
Washington and Lee University - School of Law

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