David S. Evans

Global Economics Group

Chairman

111 Devonshire St.

Suite 900

Boston, MA 02108

United States

University College London

Executive Director, Jevons Institute, and Visiting Professor

Gower St

London WC1E OEG, WC1E 6BT

United Kingdom

View CV
SCHOLARLY PAPERS

106

DOWNLOADS
Rank 76

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 76

in Total Papers Downloads

84,097

CITATIONS
Rank 951

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 951

in Total Papers Citations

565

Scholarly Papers (106)

1.
Downloads 4,961 ( 1,109)
Citation 76

The Antitrust Economics of Two-Sided Markets

Number of pages: 95 Posted: 14 Nov 2002 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2014
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 4,961 (1,096)
Citation 76

Abstract:

antitrust, two-sided markets, multi-sided markets, competition policy, market structure, chicken-and-egg, pricing strategy, network effects, monopoly, multi-sided platforms, payment cards

The Antitrust Economics of Two-Sided Markets

Yale Journal of Regulation, Summer 2003
Posted: 16 Dec 2002
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group

Abstract:

antitrust, market structure, chicken-and-egg, pricing strategy, network effect, monopoly

Industrial Organization of Markets with Two-Sided Platforms

Competition Policy International, Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 2007
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 20 May 2007
Richard Schmalensee and David S. Evans
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Global Economics Group
Downloads 3,527 (1,989)
Citation 30

Abstract:

antitrust, anitrust analysis, industrial organization, multi-sided platforms, two-sided markets, two-sided platforms

The Industrial Organization of Markets with Two-Sided Platforms

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 28 Aug 2005
Richard Schmalensee and David S. Evans
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,028 (15,945)
Citation 30

Abstract:

Two-sided, platform, 2SP, interchange

The Industrial Organization of Markets with Two-Sided Platforms

NBER Working Paper No. w11603
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 27 Oct 2005
David A. Evans, Richard Schmalensee and David S. Evans
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - National Center for Environmental Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Global Economics Group
Downloads 89 (239,539)
Citation 30

Abstract:

3.

The Online Advertising Industry: Economics, Evolution, and Privacy

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 16 Apr 2009
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 4,038 (915)
Citation 22

Abstract:

Advertising, Online Advertising

4.

The Economics of the Online Advertising Industry

Review of Network Economics, Vol. 7, No. 3, September 2008
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 25 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2014
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 3,225 (2,083)
Citation 21

Abstract:

Online Advertising, Advertising, Network Effects

5.

Two-Sided Market Definition

ABA Section of Antitrust Law, MARKET DEFINITION IN ANTITRUST: THEORY AND CASE STUDIES, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 29 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2009
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 2,706 (1,956)
Citation 4

Abstract:

multi-sided platforms, two-sided platforms, two-sided markets, market definition, antitrust analysis, merger analysis

The Antitrust Analysis of Multi-Sided Platform Businesses

Roger Blair and Daniel Sokol, eds., Oxford Handbook on International Antitrust Economics, Oxford University Press, Forthcoming, University of Chicago Institute for Law & Economics Olin Research Paper No. 623
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 05 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2013
David S. Evans and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 2,239 (4,404)
Citation 3

Abstract:

multisided platforms, two sided markets, antitrust, competition policy, market definition, network industries, market definition, market power, exclusionary practices, monopolization, coordinated behavior, critical mass

The Antitrust Analysis of Multi-Sided Platform Businesses

NBER Working Paper No. w18783
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 09 Feb 2013
David S. Evans and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 48 (336,212)
Citation 3

Abstract:

7.

Markets with Two-Sided Platforms

ISSUES IN COMPETITION LAW AND POLICY (ABA Section of Antitrust Law), Vol. 1, Chapter 28, 2008
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 19 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2009
David S. Evans and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 2,242 (2,773)
Citation 33

Abstract:

multi-sided platforms, two-sided platforms, two-sided markets, market definition, antitrust, merger analysis, antitrust analysis

8.

Software Patents and Open Source: The Battle Over Intellectual Property Rights

Virginia Journal of Law and Technology, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 21 Apr 2004
Anne Layne-Farrar and David S. Evans
Charles River Associates and Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,920 (5,308)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Software patents, open source, intellectual property

Defining Markets that Involve Multi-Sided Platform Businesses: An Empirical Framework With an Application to Google's Purchase of DoubleClick

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 07 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2012
David S. Evans and Michael D. Noel
Global Economics Group and Texas Tech University
Downloads 1,341 (10,525)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Defining Markets that Involve Multi-Sided Platform Businesses: An Empirical Framework with an Application to Google's Purchase of DoubleClick

Reg-Markets Center Working Paper No. 07-18
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 04 Feb 2008
David S. Evans and Michael D. Noel
Global Economics Group and Texas Tech University
Downloads 444 (51,151)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Government Preferences for Promoting Open-Source Software: A Solution in Search of a Problem

Number of pages: 84 Posted: 24 May 2002
Bernard Reddy and David S. Evans
affiliation not provided to SSRN and Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,625 (7,729)
Citation 8

Abstract:

software, open source, market failure, GPL, BSD, intellectual property, innovation, security, privacy, network effects, externalities

Government Preferences for Promoting Open-Source Software: A Solution in Search of a Problem

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review, Forthcoming
Posted: 15 Nov 2002
Bernard Reddy and David S. Evans
affiliation not provided to SSRN and Global Economics Group

Abstract:

software, open source, market failure, GPL, BSD, intellectual property, innovation, security, privacy, network effects, externalities

11.

Platform Economics: Essays on Multi-Sided Businesses

PLATFORM ECONOMICS: ESSAYS ON MULTI-SIDED BUSINESSES, David S. Evans, ed., Competition Policy International, 2011
Number of pages: 459 Posted: 18 Dec 2011
Global Economics Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Texas Tech University, Global Economics Group, LLC and Charles River Associates - Chicago Office
Downloads 1,603 (2,968)
Citation 1

Abstract:

12.

The Microsoft Judgment and its Implications for Competition Policy Towards Dominant Firms in Europe

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 75, No. 3, 2009
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 02 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2015
Christian Ahlborn and David S. Evans
Linklaters LLP and Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,566 (6,368)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, European Commission, Antitrust, Article 82, Tying, Refusal to Supply

13.

Some Empirical Aspects of Multi-sided Platform Industries

Review of Network Economics (RNE), Vol. 2, No. 3, September 2003
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 07 Oct 2003
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,373 (7,445)
Citation 152

Abstract:

14.

The Antitrust Economics of Tying: A Farewell to Per Se Illegality

Antitrust Bulletin, 2003
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 02 Jun 2003
David S. Evans, Jorge Padilla and Christian Ahlborn
Global Economics Group, Compass Lexecon and Linklaters LLP
Downloads 1,372 (8,858)
Citation 5

Abstract:

15.

The Economics of Interchange Fees and their Regulation: An Overview

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4548-05
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 17 Jun 2005
Richard Schmalensee and David S. Evans
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,320 (8,745)
Citation 19

Abstract:

16.

The Web Economy, Two-Sided Markets and Competition Policy

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 05 Apr 2010
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,190 (9,466)
Citation 4

Abstract:

web economy, two-sided markets, antitrust, competition policy, social networking, online advertising

17.

Economic Analysis of Claims in Support of the ‘Durbin Amendment’ to Regulate Debit Card Interchange Fees

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 23 May 2011
Global Economics Group, Global Economics Group, LLC and Market Platform Dynamics
Downloads 1,172 (12,672)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Interchange Fees, Debit Cards, Regulation, Financial Regulation, Federal Reserve Board, Durbin, Payment Cards

18.

Essays on the Economics of Two-Sided Markets: Economics, Antitrust and Strategy

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 24 Nov 2010
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,103 (11,760)
Citation 1

Abstract:

two-sided markets, platforms, market definition, antitrust, internet, web-economy, digital media, software platforms, payments, operating systems, critical mass, ignition strategies

19.

How Catalysts Ignite: The Economics of Platform-Based Start-Ups

PLATFORMS, MARKETS AND INNOVATION, A. Gawer, ed., Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, US: Edward Elgar, 2009
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 07 Oct 2008
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,091 (8,661)
Citation 4

Abstract:

multi-sided platforms, catalysts, start-ups, critical mass, chicken-and-egg

20.

Analyzing Market Definition and Power in Multi-sided Platform Markets

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 04 Nov 2005
Michael D. Noel and David S. Evans
Texas Tech University and Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,046 (12,785)
Citation 1

Abstract:

21.

Why Do Firms Bundle and Tie? Evidence from Competitive Markets and Implications for Tying Law

Yale Journal on Regulation, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 29 May 2004
Michael A. Salinger and David S. Evans
Boston University - Questrom School of Business and Global Economics Group
Downloads 1,016 (14,410)
Citation 18

Abstract:

22.

Economic Aspects of Bitcoin and Other Decentralized Public-Ledger Currency Platforms

University of Chicago Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Research Paper No. 685
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 17 May 2014
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 989 (4,780)

Abstract:

bitcoin, public ledger, blockchain, digital currency, alt currency, electronic money, economics of bitcoin, cash alternatives, electronic money

23.

Tying Under Article 82 EC and the Microsoft Decision: A Comment on Dolmans and Graf

World Competition: Law and Economics Review, 2005
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 28 Sep 2004
Jorge Padilla and David S. Evans
Compass Lexecon and Global Economics Group
Downloads 981 (16,176)
Citation 1

Abstract:

24.

The Effect of the Consumer Financial Protection Agency Act of 2009 on Consumer Credit

George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 09-50, Loyola Consumer Law Review, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2010, pp. 277-335
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 07 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 20 Sep 2010
David S. Evans and Joshua D. Wright
Global Economics Group and George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty
Downloads 952 (16,608)
Citation 1

Abstract:

adverse selection, asymmetric information, automatic underwriting, color-blind, consumer credit, credit worthy, FICO, financial crisis, liquidity constraint, moral hazard, mortgages, overdraft protection, risk analysis, securitization, subprime, supernanny

25.

The Effect of Regulatory Intervention in Two-Sided Markets: An Assessment of Interchange-Fee Capping in Australia

Review of Network Economics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 Oct 2005
Global Economics Group, LLC, Global Economics Group and Charles River Associates - Chicago Office
Downloads 782 (22,156)
Citation 8

Abstract:

Two-sided markets, payment systems, credit cards, interchange fee, surcharging

26.

Failure to Launch: Critical Mass in Platform Businesses

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 10 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2010
David S. Evans and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 762 (18,421)
Citation 8

Abstract:

Platform businesses, two-sided platforms, critical mass

27.

Innovation in Payments

MOVING MONEY: THE FUTURE OF CONSUMER PAYMENTS, Chapter 3, Robert E. Litan and Martin Neil Baily, eds., Brookings, 2009
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 06 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2014
David S. Evans and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 745 (23,687)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Payment industry, technology, e-commerce

28.

Economic Analysis of the Effects of the Federal Reserve Board’s Proposed Debit Card Interchange Fee Regulations on Consumers and Small Businesses

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 26 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2011
David S. Evans, Robert E. Litan and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 741 (25,036)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Debit Cards, Interchange Fees, Financial Regulation, Durbin, Federal Reserve Board

29.

Payments Innovation and the Use of Cash

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 05 Jun 2013
Global Economics Group, Market Platform Dynamics, Market Platform Dynamics and Market Platform Dynamics
Downloads 721 (23,964)

Abstract:

cash, payments innovation, electronic payments, mobile payments, credit cards, payment cards

30.

The Growth and Diffusion of Credit Cards in Society

Payment Card Economics Review, Vol. 2, pp. 59-76, Winter 2004
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Jan 2005
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 703 (25,514)

Abstract:

31.

Competition and Regulatory Policy for Multi-Sided Platforms with Applications to the Web Economy

Concurrences, No. 2, pp. 57-62, 2008
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 06 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 29 Sep 2013
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 697 (21,552)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Multi-Sided Platforms, Competition Policy, Internet Economy, Web-Based Platforms

32.

Lightening Up Market Definition

RESEARCH HANDBOOK ON THE ECONOMICS OF ANTITRUST LAW, Einer Elhauge, ed., New York: Edward Elgar, 2010
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 04 May 2010
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 670 (22,682)
Citation 1

Abstract:

33.

Interchange Fees: The Economics and Regulation of What Merchants Pay for Cards

INTERCHANGE FEES: THE ECONOMICS AND REGULATION OF WHAT MERCHANTS PAY FOR CARDS, David S. Evans, ed., Competition Policy International, 2011
Number of pages: 228 Posted: 18 Dec 2011
Global Economics Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Charles River Associates - Chicago Office, Global Economics Group, LLC, Market Platform Dynamics and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 649 (27,981)

Abstract:

interchange fees, two-sided markets, credit cards, debit cards, payment cards

Designing Antitrust Rules for Assessing Unilateral Practices: A Neo-Chicago Approach

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 72, Winter 2005
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 13 Sep 2004
Jorge Padilla and David S. Evans
Compass Lexecon and Global Economics Group
Downloads 609 (34,038)
Citation 8

Abstract:

Chicago School, post-Chicago, unilateral business practices, antitrust, error costs, tying

Designing Antitrust Rules for Assessing Unilateral Practices: A Neo-Chicago Approach

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 4625
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 09 Nov 2004
Jorge Padilla and David S. Evans
Compass Lexecon and Global Economics Group
Downloads 39 (366,462)
Citation 8

Abstract:

35.

Antitrust Economics of Free

Competition Policy International, Spring 2011
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 18 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2012
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 635 (19,204)
Citation 1

Abstract:

multi-sided platforms, two-sided markets, antitrust, web, search engines, web economy

36.

The Impact of the U.S. Debit Card Interchange Fee Caps on Consumer Welfare: An Event Study Analysis

University of Chicago Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Research Paper No. 658
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 26 Oct 2013
David S. Evans, Howard H. Chang and Steven Joyce
Global Economics Group, Global Economics Group, LLC and Global Economics Group, LLC
Downloads 620 (26,394)

Abstract:

interchange fees, payment cards, debit cards, two-sided markets, multi-sided platforms, Durbin Amendment, price caps, financial regulation

37.

A Survey of the Economic Role of Software Platforms in Computer-Based Industries

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 1314
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 13 Nov 2004
David S. Evans, Richard Schmalensee and Andrei Hagiu
Global Economics Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 618 (32,370)
Citation 16

Abstract:

software platforms, hardware platforms, network effects, bundling, multi-sided markets

38.

The Lawful Acquisition and Exercise of Monopoly Power and its Implications for the Objectives of Antitrust

Competition Policy International, Vol. 4, No. 2, p. 203, 2008
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 30 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 17 May 2009
David S. Evans and Keith N. Hylton
Global Economics Group and Boston University - School of Law
Downloads 595 (29,516)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Antitust law, monopoly power, competition

39.

Why Different Jurisdictions Do Not (and Should Not) Adopt the Same Antitrust Rules

Chicago Journal of International Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 13 Feb 2009
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 591 (32,573)
Citation 1

Abstract:

40.

Antitrust Issues Raised by the Emerging Global Internet Economy

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 102, No. 4, p. 285, 2008
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 07 Oct 2008
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 590 (29,956)
Citation 1

Abstract:

antitrust, web-based businesses, internet economy, web-based economy, multi-sided platforms

41.

Paying with Cash: A Multi-Country Analysis of the Past and Future of the Use of Cash for Payments by Consumers

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 06 Jun 2013
Global Economics Group, Market Platform Dynamics, Market Platform Dynamics and Market Platform Dynamics
Downloads 565 (31,571)

Abstract:

cash, money, payment cards, payments innovation, mobile payments, payment systems, electronic payments

42.

Attention Rivalry Among Online Platforms

University of Chicago Institute for Law & Economics Olin Research Paper No. 627
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 02 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 20 Apr 2013
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 502 (25,876)
Citation 1

Abstract:

attention markets, attention economy, antitrust, market definition, internet industry, web industry, online advertising, multi-sided platforms, two-sided markets,s, market power, history of the internet, Google, Facebook, Amazon, Apple

43.
Downloads 494 ( 45,236)
Citation 2

Demand-Side Efficiencies in Merger Control

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 02 Jun 2003
Jorge Padilla and David S. Evans
Compass Lexecon and Global Economics Group
Downloads 494 (44,682)
Citation 2

Abstract:

demand-side efficiencies, mergers and acquisitions, welfare, competition, antitrust, network effects, European Union, European Commission, Microsoft

Demand-Side Efficiencies in Merger Control

World Competition: Law and Economics Review, Summer 2003
Posted: 02 Jun 2003
Jorge Padilla and David S. Evans
Compass Lexecon and Global Economics Group

Abstract:

demand-side efficiencies, mergers and acquisitions, welfare, competition, antitrust, network effects, European Union, European Commission, Microsoft

44.

Has the Consumer Harm Standard Lost its Teeth?

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper; MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4263-02
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 30 Jan 2003
Howard H. Chang, David S. Evans and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group, LLC, Global Economics Group and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 482 (44,319)
Citation 8

Abstract:

Consumer Harm, Welfare, Antitrust, Competition, Microsoft, Visa

45.

Economics and the Design of Competition Law

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 18 Oct 2005
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 475 (42,351)

Abstract:

46.
Downloads 447 ( 51,270)
Citation 5

U.S. v. Microsoft: Did Consumers Win?

Number of pages: 60 Posted: 20 Jul 2005
Global Economics Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and NERA Economic Consulting
Downloads 407 (56,921)
Citation 5

Abstract:

U.S. V. Microsoft: Did Consumers Win?

NBER Working Paper No. w11727
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 25 Jan 2006
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - National Center for Environmental Economics, Global Economics Group, NERA Economic Consulting and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 40 (362,813)
Citation 5

Abstract:

47.

A Pragmatic Approach to Identifying and Analyzing Legitimate Tying Cases

EUROPEAN COMPETITION LAW ANNUAL 2003: WHAT IS AN ABUSE OF A DOMINANT POSITION?, Hart Publishing, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 15 Nov 2003
David S. Evans, Jorge Padilla and Michael A. Salinger
Global Economics Group, Compass Lexecon and Boston University - Questrom School of Business
Downloads 429 (51,546)
Citation 1

Abstract:

48.

Economics of Vertical Restraints for Multi-Sided Platforms

University of Chicago Institute for Law & Economics Olin Research Paper No. 626
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 03 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 10 Jan 2013
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 413 (34,038)
Citation 2

Abstract:

vertical restraints, multi-sided platforms, antitrust, two-sided markets, abuse of dominance, monopolization, tying, exclusive dealing, bundled rebates, most favored nation clauses, critical mass

49.

An Empirical Examination of Why Mobile Money Schemes Ignite in Some Developing Countries but Flounder in Most

University of Chicago Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Research Paper No. 723
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 18 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2015
David S. Evans and Alexis Pirchio
Global Economics Group and Global Economics Group
Downloads 407 (25,290)

Abstract:

mobile money, financial inclusion, financial regulation, payments regulation, multi-sided platforms, mobile payments, CICO agents, MPESA

50.

Replacing the LIBOR with a Transparent and Reliable Index of Interbank Borrowing: Comments on the Wheatley Review of LIBOR Inital Discussion Paper

University of Chicago Institute for Law & Economics Olin Research Paper No. 620
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 07 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2012
Rosa M. Abrantes-Metz and David S. Evans
Global Economics Group, LLC and Global Economics Group
Downloads 366 (56,608)
Citation 2

Abstract:

LIBOR, financial crisis, conspiracy, screening, interbank borrowing

51.

How the Consumer Financial Protection Agency Act of 2009 Would Change the Law and Regulation of Consumer Financial Products

Bloomberg Law Reports: Risk and Compliance, Vol. 2, No. 10, October 2009, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 09-51
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 20 Oct 2009
David S. Evans and Joshua D. Wright
Global Economics Group and George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty
Downloads 358 (63,250)

Abstract:

behavioral economics, borrowing, consumer protection, credit cards, Elizabeth Warren, FDIC, Federal Reserve Board, financial crisis, Michael Barr, National Credit Union Administration, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Office of Thrift Supervision, Oren Bar-Gill, Truth-in-Lending Act

52.

The Consensus Among Economists on Multisided Platforms and its Implications for Excluding Evidence that Ignores It

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 12 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2013
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 357 (46,543)

Abstract:

two-sided markets, multisided platforms, antitrust, daubert motions, internet industries, predatory pricing, market power, market definition

53.

More Than Money: The Development of a Competitive Electronic Payments Industry in the United States

Payment Card Economics Review, Vol. 2, pp. 1-27, Winter 2004
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Jan 2005
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 352 (63,033)

Abstract:

54.

Governing Bad Behavior by Users of Multi-Sided Platforms

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol 2, Issue 27, Fall 2012, University of Chicago Institute for Law & Economics Olin Research Paper No. 582
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 28 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2012
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 349 (46,420)
Citation 2

Abstract:

55.

The Changing Role of Economics in Competition Policy Decisions by the European Commission during the Monti Years

Competition Policy International, Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring 2005
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 05 Apr 2005
Carsten Grave and David S. Evans
Linklaters LLP and Global Economics Group
Downloads 321 (71,799)
Citation 1

Abstract:

56.

How Changes in Payment Card Interchange Fees Affect Consumers Fees and Merchant Prices: An Economic Analysis with Applications to the European Union

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 06 Jul 2011
David S. Evans and Abel M. Mateus
Global Economics Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 311 (65,651)
Citation 1

Abstract:

interchange fees, waterbed, debit cards, two-sided markets, checking accounts, credit cards

The Role of Cost in Determining When Firms Offer Bundles

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 09 Jun 2004
David S. Evans and Michael A. Salinger
Global Economics Group and Boston University - Questrom School of Business
Downloads 280 (87,929)
Citation 7

Abstract:

Tying, Bundling, Contestable Markets

The Role of Cost in Determining When Firms Offer Bundles

The Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 56, Issue 1, pp. 143-168, March 2008
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 14 Apr 2008
David S. Evans and Michael A. Salinger
Global Economics Group and Boston University - Questrom School of Business
Downloads 4 (544,818)
Citation 7

Abstract:

58.
Downloads 283 (79,195)
Citation 1

Abstract:

interchange fees, innovation, debit cards, credit cards, payment cards, regulation, two-sided markets

59.

The Antitrust Analysis of Rules and Standards for Software Platforms

Competition Policy International, Autumn 2014, Vol. 10, No. 2, University of Chicago Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Research Paper No. 708
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 09 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2014
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 282 (57,994)

Abstract:

android, operating systems, software platforms, two-sided markets, multi-sided platforms, vertical restraints, platform governance, open source, antitrust rules, competition policy

60.
Downloads 273 (84,400)

Abstract:

class certification, economic evidence, statistical evidence, Rule 23, expert testimony

61.

An Empirical Analysis of Bundling and Tying: Over-the-Counter Pain Relief and Cold Medicines

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 1297
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 02 Nov 2004
Michael A. Salinger and David S. Evans
Boston University - Questrom School of Business and Global Economics Group
Downloads 272 (87,406)
Citation 3

Abstract:

62.

The Role of Keyword Advertising in Competition among Rival Brands

University of Chicago Institute for Law & Economics Olin Research Paper No. 619
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 07 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2012
David S. Evans and Elisa V. Mariscal
Global Economics Group and Centro de Investigación y Docencia Economica (CIDE)
Downloads 250 (80,291)
Citation 1

Abstract:

trademark, copyright, keyword advertising, informative advertising, advertising restrictions

63.

The Optimal Prosecution of Corporate Fraud: An Error Cost Analysis

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 09 Nov 2006
Howard H. Chang and David S. Evans
Global Economics Group, LLC and Global Economics Group
Downloads 245 (98,196)

Abstract:

Corporate Fraud, White Collar Crimes, Error Costs, Complexity

64.

Will the Wheatley Recommendations Fix LIBOR?

CPI Antitrust Chronicle November 2012(2)
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 30 Nov 2012
Rosa M. Abrantes-Metz and David S. Evans
Global Economics Group, LLC and Global Economics Group
Downloads 241 (80,884)

Abstract:

Libor, interest rate manipulation

65.

The Architecture of Product Offerings

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 16 May 2006 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2013
David S. Evans and Karen Webster
Global Economics Group and Market Platform Dynamics
Downloads 228 (100,308)

Abstract:

Product Offering, Bundling, Product Architecture

66.

Assessing Unfair Pricing Under China's Anti-Monopoly Law for Innovation-Intensive Industries

University of Chicago Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Research Paper No. 678
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 02 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2014
David S. Evans, Vanessa Yanhua Zhang and Xinzhu Zhang
Global Economics Group, Global Economics Group, LLC and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) - Research Center for Regulation and Competition
Downloads 225 (90,940)

Abstract:

Anti-Monopoly Law, excessive pricing, unfair pricing, dynamic competition, antitrust, antitrust in high-technology industries, FRAND, China antitrust, unfair pricing, antitrust in innovation industries

67.

The Economic Principles for Establishing Reasonable Regulation of Debit-Card Interchange Fees that Could Improve Consumer Welfare

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2011
David S. Evans, Robert E. Litan and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 225 (103,741)

Abstract:

Debit Cards, Interchange Fees, Financial Regulation

68.

The New Trustbusters

Foreign Affairs, Vol. 81, No. 1
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 01 Mar 2002
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 214 (114,230)

Abstract:

69.

Tying: The Poster Child for Antitrust Modernization

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 05 Dec 2005
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 210 (113,199)
Citation 1

Abstract:

70.

Trustbusting Goes Global

TRUSTBUSTERS, COMPETITION POLICY AUTHORITIES SPEAK OUT, David S. Evans, Frédéric Jenny, eds., Competition Policy International, Chapter 1, 2009,
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Jul 2009
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 204 (117,444)

Abstract:

antitrust law, international law, global competition policy

71.
Downloads 198 (125,941)

Abstract:

interchange fees, surcharges, debit cards, credit cards, payment card regulation, antitrust, two-sided markets

72.

A Response to Professor Levitin on the Effect of the Consumer Financial Protection Agency Act of 2009 on Consumer Credit

George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 09-56
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 03 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2009
David S. Evans and Joshua D. Wright
Global Economics Group and George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty
Downloads 195 (124,155)

Abstract:

consumer protection, FTC, Federal Trade Commission, financial crisis, financial regulation, IBBEA, Interstate Banking and Branch Efficiency Act, liquidity constraint, mortgage, small business, subprime, supernanny, Truth in Lending Act

Some Economic Aspects of Antitrust Analysis in Dynamically Competitive Industries

NBER Working Paper No. w8268
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 05 May 2001
Richard Schmalensee and David S. Evans
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Global Economics Group
Downloads 178 (138,878)
Citation 28

Abstract:

Some Economic Aspects of Antitrust Analysis in Dynamically Competitive Industries

Posted: 09 Aug 2001
Richard Schmalensee and David S. Evans
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Global Economics Group

Abstract:

74.

Brief of Amici Curiae Economists in Support of Petitioners, Bell Atlantic V. Twombly

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 21 Jan 2009
New York University - Stern School of Business, Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Stanford University - The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Brookings Institution, University of Virginia - Department of Economics, Global Economics Group, University of Pennsylvania - Wharton School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University - Strategy and Business Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, University of California, Berkeley - Economic Analysis & Policy Group, Stanford University, affiliation not provided to SSRN, New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics, Northwestern University - Department of Economics, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Georgetown University, University of Texas at Austin - Department of Economics, Chapman University - Economic Science Institute, University of Chicago - Booth School of Business, Stanford Graduate School of Business, University of California, Berkeley - Business & Public Policy Group, Stanford University - Law School, Institute for Business Innovation and Northwestern University - Department of Economics
Downloads 170 (132,760)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Twombly, Bell Atlantic, Bell Atlantic v Twombly, Amici Curiae, Sherman Section 1

75.

Why Now is Not the Time to Revamp Consumer Financial Protection

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 18 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2010
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 161 (149,460)

Abstract:

76.

What You Need to Know About Twombly: The Use and Misuse of Economic and Statistical Evidence in Pleadings

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 21 Jan 2009
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 159 (147,109)

Abstract:

Twombly, Bell Atlantic, Bell Atlantic v Twombly, Conley, plausible claim, pleading standards, economical evidence, statistical evidence

77.

A Somber Anniversary: Terrorism Insurance Five Years after 9/11

Barbon Discussion Paper No. 06-02
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 11 Oct 2006
Global Economics Group, Charles River Associates - Chicago Office and Charles River Associates
Downloads 159 (146,321)

Abstract:

Insurance, Terrorism, Regulation, TRIA

78.

Market Definition Analysis in Latin America with Applications to Internet-Based Industries

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 27 Jun 2013
David S. Evans and Elisa V. Mariscal
Global Economics Group and Centro de Investigación y Docencia Economica (CIDE)
Downloads 158 (124,155)

Abstract:

attention markets, attention economy, antitrust, market defiition, internet industry, web industry online, multi-sided platforms, two-sided markets, maret power, Google, Facebook, Apple, Latin America antitrust, Argentina antitrust, Brazil antitrust, Mexico antitrust

79.
Downloads 149 (96,643)

Abstract:

mergers, cable television, Comcast Time Warner Cable merger,internet service providers

80.
Downloads 143 (114,230)

Abstract:

online advertising, attention, attention markets, web economy, multi-sided platforms, advertising, online competition, internet platforms

81.

Excessive Litigation by Business Users of Free Internet-Platform Services

University of Chicago Institute for Law & Economics Olin Research Paper No. 603
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 18 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 27 Nov 2012
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 135 (175,865)
Citation 1

Abstract:

82.

Curing Sinus Headaches and Tying Law: An Empirical Analysis of Bundling Decongestants and Pain Relievers

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 1519
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 28 Sep 2005
Michael A. Salinger and David S. Evans
Boston University - Questrom School of Business and Global Economics Group
Downloads 132 (169,939)

Abstract:

83.

The Role of Credit Cards in Providing Financing for Small Businesses

Payment Card Economics Review, Vol. 2, Winter 2004
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 18 Sep 2009
David G. Blanchflower and David S. Evans
Dartmouth College - Department of Economics and Global Economics Group
Downloads 126 (173,852)
Citation 1

Abstract:

small businesses, credit cards lending, economics of lending, self-employed

84.

The Economics of Market Coordination for the Check-Clearing System in the Late 19th Century United States

Explorations in Economic History, Vol. 45, pp. 445-461, 2008
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 07 Oct 2005 Last Revised: 03 May 2009
Global Economics Group, LLC, Law and Economics Consulting Group (LECG), LLC, Global Economics Group and Charles River Associates - Chicago Office
Downloads 108 (200,437)

Abstract:

Monetary systems, Pre-Fed check-clearing system, 19th-century US banking system, exchange charges, the shortest-path problem

85.

Untying the Knot: The Case for Overruling Jefferson Parish

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 04 Oct 2006
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 98 (217,064)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Tying, Antitrust, Rule of Reason, Jefferson Parish

86.

Enhancing Financial Benchmarks: Comments on the OICU-IOSCO Consultation Report on Financial Benchmarks

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 13 Feb 2013
Rosa M. Abrantes-Metz and David S. Evans
Global Economics Group, LLC and Global Economics Group
Downloads 95 (196,600)

Abstract:

financial benchmarks reform, LIBOR, conspiracies, manipulations, screening

87.

Has the Pendulum Swung Too Far?

Regulation, Vol. 30, No. 4, Winter 2007-2008
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 13 Feb 2008
Howard H. Chang and David S. Evans
Global Economics Group, LLC and Global Economics Group
Downloads 79 (252,105)

Abstract:

corporate crime, corporate fraud, litigation, outcomes, judicial history, prosecution, risk-taking behavoir, civil litigation, corporate governance, regulation

88.

Clinton's Brave New Business World

Regulation, Vol. 24, No. 3, Fall 2001
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 23 Nov 2001
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 74 (259,799)

Abstract:

89.

The Economics and Regulation of the Portuguese Retail Payments System

Number of pages: 66 Posted: 07 Jan 2014
David S. Evans and Rosa M. Abrantes-Metz
Global Economics Group and Global Economics Group, LLC
Downloads 46 (295,178)

Abstract:

retail payments, banking, interchange fees, price caps, multi-sided platforms, Portugal, current accounts, bank regulation

90.

Class Certification, the Merits, and Expert Evidence

George Mason Law Review, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2002
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 24 Jan 2009
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 40 (342,755)
Citation 1

Abstract:

class certification, standards, strict standards, claims on the merit, expert evidence

91.

Excessive Prices: Using Economics to Define Administrable Legal Rules

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 4626
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 16 Nov 2004
Jorge Padilla and David S. Evans
Compass Lexecon and Global Economics Group
Downloads 36 (369,543)
Citation 7

Abstract:

92.

The Emerging High-Court Jurisprudence on the Antitrust Analysis of Multisided Platforms

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 09 Apr 2017
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 0 (102,004)

Abstract:

multi-sided platforms, two-sided markets, platform-based businesses, antitrust of multi-sided platforms, credit cards, online markets

93.

The New Economics of Multi-Sided Platforms: A Guide to the Vocabulary

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 11 Jun 2016
David S. Evans and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 0 (57,113)

Abstract:

multisided platforms, two-sided markets, network effects, matchmakers, positive feedback effects, indirect network effects, direct network effects,

94.

Mobile Advertising: Economics, Evolution and Policy

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 01 Jun 2016
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 0 (66,076)

Abstract:

mobile, advertising, platforms, privacy, app stores, Android, iPhone, mobile apps, asymmetric regulation, online markets, web economy, app economy, network effects

95.

Invisible Engines: How Software Platforms Drive Innovation and Transform Industries

Number of pages: 409 Posted: 14 Mar 2016
David S. Evans, Andrei Hagiu and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 0 (197,858)
Citation 27

Abstract:

software platforms, two-sided markets, multi-sided platforms, operating systems, information communications and technology, mobile phones

96.

Multisided Platforms, Dynamic Competition, and the Assessment of Market Power for Internet-Based Firms

University of Chicago Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Research Paper No. 753
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 10 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2016
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group
Downloads 0 (25,693)

Abstract:

two-sided markets, multisided platforms, online industries, digital economy, networks, antirust, market power, market definition, online advertising, advertising, SSNIP, SSNDQ, dynamic competition

97.

The Census Bureau Needs to Significantly Revise Reporting and Calculation of Its Online and Physical Retail Sales Figures and Commission an Independent Review

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 08 Feb 2016
David S. Evans, Richard Schmalensee and Scott R. Murray
Global Economics Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Market Platform Dynamics
Downloads 0 (163,254)

Abstract:

Internet economy, e-commerce, Census retail data, online sales, data quality

98.

The Move to Smart Mobile and Its Implications for Antitrust Analysis of Online Markets

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 25 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2016
Hemant K. Bhargava, David S. Evans and Deepa Mani
University of California, Davis, Global Economics Group and Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad
Downloads 0 (68,068)

Abstract:

smartphones, mobile, online industries, e-commerce, search, antitrust, digital economy, mobile Internet, mobile broadband, network industries, online in India, market power

99.

Why Online Retail Sales are Much Larger than US Census Data Report

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 18 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2016
David S. Evans, Scott R. Murray and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group, Market Platform Dynamics and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 0 (83,076)

Abstract:

Internet economy, e-commerce, Census retail data, retail, online sales, online retail, digital commerce, retail reinvention

100.

The Role of Interoperability in Creating an Efficient Global B2B Transaction Platform

Posted: 08 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 07 Sep 2014
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group

Abstract:

101.

The Relationship between Firm Growth, Size, and Age: Estimates for 100 Manufacturing Industries

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship
Posted: 17 Nov 2009
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group

Abstract:

Firm life cycle, Gibrat's law, Firm survival, Firm growth, Firm size, Firm age, Closing firms, Manufacturing industries

102.

Tests of Alternative Theories of Firm Growth

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship
Posted: 17 Nov 2009
David S. Evans
Global Economics Group

Abstract:

Gibrat's law of proportionate growth, Firm size, Firm age, Manufacturing firms, Firm growth

103.

Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship
Posted: 17 Nov 2009
David S. Evans and Linda S. Leighton
Global Economics Group and Fordham University - Department of Economics

Abstract:

Self-employment, Firm births, Age, Work experience, Locus of control, Individual traits, Income, Background (biographical), Career choices

104.

The Analysis of Mergers that Involve Multisided Platform Businesses

Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Vol. 4, Issue 3, pp. 663-695, 2008
Posted: 08 Oct 2008
David S. Evans and Michael D. Noel
Global Economics Group and Texas Tech University

Abstract:

105.

Class Certification and the Substantive Merits

Duke Law Journal, February 2002, Forthcoming
Posted: 25 Jun 2001
Robert G. Bone and David S. Evans
University of Texas School of Law and Global Economics Group

Abstract:

class action, class certification, error costs, economics of litigation

106.

An Analysis Of The Government's Economic Case In U.S. v. Microsoft

Antitrust Bulletin, Summer 2001
Posted: 23 Apr 2001
NERA Economic Consulting, Global Economics Group and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

Abstract: