Karen Clay

Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management

Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890

United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

36

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5,419

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 2,885

in Total Papers Citations

220

CROSSREF CITATIONS

208

Scholarly Papers (36)

1.

An Empirical Analysis of Network Externalities in Peer-to-Peer Music Sharing Networks

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 17 Sep 2003
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 1,501 (13,296)
Citation 32

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peer-to-peer, file sharing, empirical, network externalities, network size

Adapting to Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the U.S. Temperature-Mortality Relationship Over the 20th Century

Journal of Political Economy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 21 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2015
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara - College of Letters & Science - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley
Downloads 1,026 (23,287)
Citation 1

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climate change, health, adaptation, extreme temperature, air conditioning, mortality

Adapting to Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the U.S. Temperature-Mortality Relationship Over the 20th Century

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8915
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 30 Mar 2015
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara - College of Letters & Science - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley
Downloads 66 (380,888)
Citation 20

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health, temperature, air conditioning, climate change adaptation

Adapting to Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the U.S. Temperature-Mortality Relationship Over the 20th Century

NBER Working Paper No. w18692
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 12 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 13 May 2013
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara - College of Letters & Science - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley
Downloads 25 (561,652)
Citation 16

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3.

Order Without Law? Property Rights During the California Gold Rush

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 12 Aug 2003
Karen Clay and Gavin Wright
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Stanford University - Department of Economics
Downloads 517 (59,916)
Citation 9

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property rights, institutions, gold rush

4.

Static and Dynamic Pricing in Online Markets

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 02 Sep 2004
Karen Clay, Michael D. Smith and Eric Wolff
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 483 (65,202)

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Internet, pricing, dynamic pricing, static pricing, books, oligopoly

5.

Tariff Choice with Consumer Learning and Switching Costs

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 27 Feb 2006 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2010
Ronald L. Goettler and Karen Clay
University of Rochester - Simon School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 322 (104,727)
Citation 15

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consumer learning, price discrimination, dynamic discrete choice

6.

Initial Conditions, Institutional Dynamics and Economic Performance: Evidence from the American States

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 10 Jan 2004
Daniel Berkowitz and Karen Clay
University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 193 (174,918)
Citation 15

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Common law, civil law, transplant, initial conditions, state courts and public corruption

7.

Squatters, Production, and Violence

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 28 Feb 2006
Karen Clay
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 157 (209,352)
Citation 4

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property rights, agricultural production, California

8.

Legal Origins and the Evolution of Institutions: Evidence from American State Courts

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 26 Jun 2007
Daniel Berkowitz and Karen Clay
University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 113 (270,327)
Citation 2

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Civil law, persistence, judicial independence, political culture.

9.

Uncertain Property Rights and Agricultural Production: Evidence from Post-Gold-Rush California

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 28 Feb 2006
Karen Clay
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 113 (270,327)
Citation 3

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property rights, agricultural production, California

10.

Will Adaptation to Climate Change Be Slow and Costly? Evidence from High Temperatures and Mortality, 1900-2004

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 22 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2015
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara - College of Letters & Science - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley
Downloads 100 (294,117)
Citation 2

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H04, I01, Q04, Q05

11.

Recent Increases in Air Pollution: Evidence and Implications for Mortality

NBER Working Paper No. w26381
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 21 Oct 2019
Karen Clay and Nicholas Z. Muller
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Carnegie Mellon University - David A. Tepper School of Business
Downloads 87 (323,692)
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What Explains Cross-City Variation in Mortality During the 1918 Influenza Pandemic? Evidence from 438 U.S. Cities

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 07 Mar 2019
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 69 (371,713)

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influenza, air pollution, mortality

What Explains Cross-City Variation in Mortality During the 1918 Influenza Pandemic? Evidence from 438 U.S. Cities

IZA Discussion Paper No. 12177
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 21 May 2019
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 8 (687,337)
Citation 12

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influenza, pandemic, mortality, air pollution

13.

Prices and Price Dispersion on the Web: Evidence from the Online Book Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w8271
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 05 May 2001 Last Revised: 21 Oct 2010
Karen Clay, Ramayya Krishnan and Eric Wolff
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 74 (353,658)
Citation 7

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14.

Judicial Independence and Minority Interests

Conference on Empirical Studies and Judges, Harvard Law School, November 10, 2006
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 12 Sep 2007
University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics, University of Pittsburgh - Department of Political Science and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 57 (404,848)

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15.

The 1918 Influenza Pandemic and its Lessons for Covid-19

NBER Working Paper No. w27673
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 17 Aug 2020
College of William and Mary - Department of Economics, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Oberlin College - Department of Economics
Downloads 51 (425,632)
Citation 2

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16.

Retail Strategies on the Web: Price and Non-Price Competition in the Online Book Industry

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 13 May 2003
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 43 (456,751)
Citation 3
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The Legacy Lead Deposition in Soils and Its Impact on Cognitive Function in Preschool-Aged Children in the United States

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 09 Mar 2019
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 39 (483,971)

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lead, soil, cognitive function

The Legacy Lead Deposition in Soils and its Impact on Cognitive Function in Preschool-Aged Children in the United States

IZA Discussion Paper No. 12178
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 21 May 2019
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 3 (728,802)

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legacy lead in soil, cognition, pre-school children

18.

Controlling Tuberculosis? Evidence from the Mother of All Community-Wide Health Experiments

Number of pages: 68 Posted: 21 Mar 2018
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Southern Denmark, University of Copenhagen - Department of EconomicsUniversity of Copenhagen and University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics
Downloads 39 (473,798)
Citation 2

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Public Health; Health Demonstration; Tuberculosis Mortality; Infant Mortality

19.

Institutional Hysterisis: Courts and Politics in the American States (Chapters 5&6 of a Book Project)

CELS 2009 4th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 26 Jun 2009
Daniel Berkowitz and Karen Clay
University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 38 (478,139)

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legal origins, judicial retention, judicial independence, panel estimation

20.

Further Tests of Static Oligopoly Models: Whiskey, 1882-1898

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 Sep 2003
Karen Clay and Werner Troesken
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics
Downloads 33 (501,515)
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Pollution, Infectious Disease, and Mortality: Evidence from the 1918 Spanish Influenza Pandemic

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9399
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 12 Oct 2015
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 16 (625,388)
Citation 3

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pollution, infectious disease, mortality, 1918 influenza pandemic

Pollution, Infectious Disease, and Mortality: Evidence from the 1918 Spanish Influenza Pandemic

NBER Working Paper No. w21635
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 12 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2015
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 14 (640,529)
Citation 4

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22.

Lead Pipes and Child Mortality

NBER Working Paper No. w12603
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 20 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2007
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics and Colgate University - Economics Department
Downloads 30 (516,759)

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Coal, Smoke, and Death: Bituminous Coal and American Home Heating

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7987
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 01 Mar 2014
Alan I. Barreca, Karen Clay and Joel Tarr
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and World Bank
Downloads 17 (618,161)

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air pollution, coal, mortality, infant mortality, heating

Coal, Smoke, and Death: Bituminous Coal and American Home Heating

NBER Working Paper No. w19881
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 11 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2015
Alan I. Barreca, Karen Clay and Joel Tarr
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and World Bank
Downloads 11 (663,881)
Citation 3

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24.

The External Costs of Transporting Petroleum Products by Pipelines and Rail: Evidence from Shipments of Crude Oil from North Dakota

NBER Working Paper No. w23852
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 25 Sep 2017
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University, Carnegie Mellon University - David A. Tepper School of Business and University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics
Downloads 27 (533,379)
Citation 5

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25.

Deprivation and Disease in Early Twentieth-Century America

NBER Working Paper No. w12111
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 15 May 2006 Last Revised: 01 Nov 2010
Karen Clay and Werner Troesken
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics
Downloads 27 (533,379)

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26.

Lead and Mortality

NBER Working Paper No. w16480
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Oct 2010
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics and Colgate University - Economics Department
Downloads 22 (564,111)
Citation 3

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Canary in a Coal Mine: Infant Mortality, Property Values, and Tradeoffs Associated with Mid-20th Century Air Pollution

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9884
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 25 Apr 2016
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 10 (671,517)
Citation 1

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mid-20th century air pollution, coal-fired electricity generation, infant mortality, housing values, tradeoffs

Canary in a Coal Mine: Infant Mortality, Property Values, and Tradeoffs Associated with Mid-20th Century Air Pollution

NBER Working Paper No. w22155
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 11 Apr 2016
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 8 (687,337)

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Toxic Truth: Lead and Fertility

NBER Working Paper No. w24607
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 25 May 2018
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 8 (687,337)

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Toxic Truth: Lead and Fertility

IZA Discussion Paper No. 11541
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 30 May 2018
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 8 (687,337)

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lead in air, lead in gasoline, lead in topsoil, fertility, Clean Air Act

The Value of Health Insurance During a Crisis: Effects of Medicaid Implementation on Pandemic Influenza Mortality

IZA Discussion Paper No. 13200
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 04 May 2020
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 12 (656,096)
Citation 1

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public health insurance, medicaid, influenza pandemics

The Value of Health Insurance During a Crisis: Effects of Medicaid Implementation on Pandemic Influenza Mortality

NBER Working Paper No. w27120
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 12 May 2020
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 1 (754,336)
Citation 1
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30.

The Short-Run and Long-Run Effects of Resources on Economic Outcomes: Evidence from the United States 1936-2015

NBER Working Paper No. w24695
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 13 Jun 2018
Karen Clay and Margarita Portnykh
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 11 (638,180)

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31.

Did Frederick Brodie Discover the World's First Environmental Kuznets Curve? Coal Smoke and the Rise and Fall of the London Fog

NBER Working Paper No. w15669
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 25 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2013
Karen Clay and Werner Troesken
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics
Downloads 11 (638,180)
Citation 1

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32.

Do Schooling Laws Matter? Evidence from the Introduction of Compulsory Attendance Laws in the United States

NBER Working Paper No. w18477
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 20 Oct 2012
Karen Clay, Jeff Lingwall and Melvin Stephens
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Truman State University and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Economics
Downloads 10 (645,158)

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33.

Laws, Educational Outcomes, and Returns to Schooling: Evidence from the Full Count 1940 Census

NBER Working Paper No. w22855
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 28 Nov 2016
Karen Clay, Jeff Lingwall and Melvin Stephens
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Truman State University and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Economics
Downloads 9 (652,522)
Citation 1

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34.

The Rise and Fall of Pellagra in the American South

NBER Working Paper No. w23730
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 28 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2017
Karen Clay, Ethan Schmick and Werner Troesken
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Muhlenberg College and University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics
Downloads 8 (659,744)
Citation 1

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35.

Changes in Black-White Inequality: Evidence from the Boll Weevil

NBER Working Paper No. w27101
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 05 May 2020
Karen Clay, Ethan Schmick and Thomas Juster
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Muhlenberg College and University of Oxford
Downloads 1 (719,801)
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36.

Controlling Tuberculosis? Evidence from the First Community-Wide Health Experiment

NBER Working Paper No. w25884
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 28 May 2019
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Southern Denmark, University of Copenhagen - Department of EconomicsUniversity of Copenhagen, University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics and University of Michigan
Downloads 1 (719,801)
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