Karen Clay

Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management

Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890

United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

32

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4,991

CITATIONS
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Top 3,336

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239

Scholarly Papers (32)

1.

An Empirical Analysis of Network Externalities in Peer-to-Peer Music Sharing Networks

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 17 Sep 2003
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 1,494 (11,578)
Citation 6

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peer-to-peer, file sharing, empirical, network externalities, network size

Adapting to Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the U.S. Temperature-Mortality Relationship Over the 20th Century

Journal of Political Economy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 21 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2015
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara - College of Letters & Science - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley
Downloads 964 (22,279)

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climate change, health, adaptation, extreme temperature, air conditioning, mortality

Adapting to Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the U.S. Temperature-Mortality Relationship Over the 20th Century

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8915
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 30 Mar 2015
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara - College of Letters & Science - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley
Downloads 61 (356,750)
Citation 1

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health, temperature, air conditioning, climate change adaptation

Adapting to Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the U.S. Temperature-Mortality Relationship Over the 20th Century

NBER Working Paper No. w18692
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 12 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 13 May 2013
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara - College of Letters & Science - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley
Downloads 19 (543,612)
Citation 8

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3.

Order Without Law? Property Rights During the California Gold Rush

Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 265; Stanford Univ. Economics Working Paper No. 03-008
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 12 Aug 2003
Karen Clay and Gavin Wright
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Stanford University - Department of Economics
Downloads 494 (55,871)
Citation 2

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property rights, institutions, gold rush

4.

Static and Dynamic Pricing in Online Markets

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 02 Sep 2004
Karen Clay, Michael D. Smith and Eric Wolff
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 479 (58,137)

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Internet, pricing, dynamic pricing, static pricing, books, oligopoly

5.

Tariff Choice with Consumer Learning and Switching Costs

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 27 Feb 2006 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2010
Ronald L. Goettler and Karen Clay
University of Rochester - Simon School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 320 (93,370)
Citation 7

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consumer learning, price discrimination, dynamic discrete choice

6.

Initial Conditions, Institutional Dynamics and Economic Performance: Evidence from the American States

William Davidson Institute William Davidson Institute Working Paper No. 615
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 10 Jan 2004
Daniel Berkowitz and Karen Clay
University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 185 (162,182)
Citation 10

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Common law, civil law, transplant, initial conditions, state courts and public corruption

7.

Squatters, Production, and Violence

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 28 Feb 2006
Karen Clay
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 154 (190,194)
Citation 4

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property rights, agricultural production, California

8.

Uncertain Property Rights and Agricultural Production: Evidence from Post-Gold-Rush California

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 28 Feb 2006
Karen Clay
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 108 (250,074)
Citation 2

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property rights, agricultural production, California

9.

Legal Origins and the Evolution of Institutions: Evidence from American State Courts

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 26 Jun 2007
Daniel Berkowitz and Karen Clay
University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 105 (255,085)
Citation 1

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Civil law, persistence, judicial independence, political culture.

10.

Will Adaptation to Climate Change Be Slow and Costly? Evidence from High Temperatures and Mortality, 1900-2004

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 22 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2015
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara - College of Letters & Science - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley
Downloads 90 (282,229)

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H04, I01, Q04, Q05

11.

Prices and Price Dispersion on the Web: Evidence from the Online Book Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w8271
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 05 May 2001 Last Revised: 21 Oct 2010
Karen Clay, Ramayya Krishnan and Eric Wolff
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 73 (320,028)
Citation 6

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12.

Judicial Independence and Minority Interests

Conference on Empirical Studies and Judges, Harvard Law School, November 10, 2006
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 12 Sep 2007
University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics, University of Pittsburgh - Department of Political Science and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 57 (363,834)

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13.

Retail Strategies on the Web: Price and Non-Price Competition in the Online Book Industry

Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 50, pp. 351-367, 2002
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 13 May 2003
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 43 (410,878)
Citation 2
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14.

Institutional Hysterisis: Courts and Politics in the American States (Chapters 5&6 of a Book Project)

CELS 2009 4th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 26 Jun 2009
Daniel Berkowitz and Karen Clay
University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 38 (430,302)

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legal origins, judicial retention, judicial independence, panel estimation

15.

Further Tests of Static Oligopoly Models: Whiskey, 1882-1898

Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 51, pp. 151-166, June 2003
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 Sep 2003
Karen Clay and Werner Troesken
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics
Downloads 33 (451,068)
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16.

Lead Pipes and Child Mortality

NBER Working Paper No. w12603
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 20 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2007
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics and Colgate University - Economics Department
Downloads 30 (464,949)

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17.

Controlling Tuberculosis? Evidence from the Mother of All Community-Wide Health Experiments

Number of pages: 68 Posted: 21 Mar 2018
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Southern Denmark, University of Copenhagen - Department of EconomicsUniversity of Copenhagen and University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics
Downloads 29 (469,752)
Citation 1

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Public Health; Health Demonstration; Tuberculosis Mortality; Infant Mortality

The Legacy Lead Deposition in Soils and Its Impact on Cognitive Function in Preschool-Aged Children in the United States

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 09 Mar 2019
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 25 (505,534)

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lead, soil, cognitive function

The Legacy Lead Deposition in Soils and its Impact on Cognitive Function in Preschool-Aged Children in the United States

IZA Discussion Paper No. 12178
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 21 May 2019
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 3 (655,468)

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legacy lead in soil, cognition, pre-school children

19.

Deprivation and Disease in Early Twentieth-Century America

NBER Working Paper No. w12111
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 15 May 2006 Last Revised: 01 Nov 2010
Karen Clay and Werner Troesken
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics
Downloads 26 (485,240)

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20.

The External Costs of Transporting Petroleum Products by Pipelines and Rail: Evidence from Shipments of Crude Oil from North Dakota

NBER Working Paper No. w23852
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 25 Sep 2017
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University, Carnegie Mellon University - David A. Tepper School of Business and University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics
Downloads 23 (501,757)

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Coal, Smoke, and Death: Bituminous Coal and American Home Heating

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7987
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 01 Mar 2014
Alan I. Barreca, Karen Clay and Joel Tarr
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and World Bank
Downloads 11 (596,677)

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air pollution, coal, mortality, infant mortality, heating

Coal, Smoke, and Death: Bituminous Coal and American Home Heating

NBER Working Paper No. w19881
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 11 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2015
Alan I. Barreca, Karen Clay and Joel Tarr
UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and World Bank
Downloads 8 (617,400)
Citation 1

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22.

Lead and Mortality

NBER Working Paper No. w16480
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Oct 2010
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics and Colgate University - Economics Department
Downloads 19 (525,076)
Citation 1

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What Explains Cross-City Variation in Mortality During the 1918 Influenza Pandemic? Evidence from 438 U.S. Cities

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 07 Mar 2019
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 14 (576,239)

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influenza, air pollution, mortality

What Explains Cross-City Variation in Mortality During the 1918 Influenza Pandemic? Evidence from 438 U.S. Cities

IZA Discussion Paper No. 12177
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 21 May 2019
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 4 (646,577)

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influenza, pandemic, mortality, air pollution

Canary in a Coal Mine: Infant Mortality, Property Values, and Tradeoffs Associated with Mid-20th Century Air Pollution

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9884
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 25 Apr 2016
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 8 (617,400)

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mid-20th century air pollution, coal-fired electricity generation, infant mortality, housing values, tradeoffs

Canary in a Coal Mine: Infant Mortality, Property Values, and Tradeoffs Associated with Mid-20th Century Air Pollution

NBER Working Paper No. w22155
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 11 Apr 2016
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 7 (624,444)

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Pollution, Infectious Disease, and Mortality: Evidence from the 1918 Spanish Influenza Pandemic

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9399
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 12 Oct 2015
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 11 (596,677)

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pollution, infectious disease, mortality, 1918 influenza pandemic

Pollution, Infectious Disease, and Mortality: Evidence from the 1918 Spanish Influenza Pandemic

NBER Working Paper No. w21635
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 12 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2015
Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis and Edson Severnini
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Montreal and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 4 (646,577)
Citation 1

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26.
Downloads 12 (566,654)

Toxic Truth: Lead and Fertility

NBER Working Paper No. w24607
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 25 May 2018
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 8 (617,400)
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Toxic Truth: Lead and Fertility

IZA Discussion Paper No. 11541
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 30 May 2018
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 4 (646,577)

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lead in air, lead in gasoline, lead in topsoil, fertility, Clean Air Act

27.

Did Frederick Brodie Discover the World's First Environmental Kuznets Curve? Coal Smoke and the Rise and Fall of the London Fog

NBER Working Paper No. w15669
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 25 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2013
Karen Clay and Werner Troesken
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics
Downloads 11 (572,836)

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28.

The Short-Run and Long-Run Effects of Resources on Economic Outcomes: Evidence from the United States 1936-2015

NBER Working Paper No. w24695
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 13 Jun 2018
Karen Clay and Margarita Portnykh
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 9 (585,417)
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29.

Do Schooling Laws Matter? Evidence from the Introduction of Compulsory Attendance Laws in the United States

NBER Working Paper No. w18477
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 20 Oct 2012
Karen Clay, Jeff Lingwall and Melvin Stephens
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Truman State University and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Economics
Downloads 9 (585,417)

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30.

Laws, Educational Outcomes, and Returns to Schooling: Evidence from the Full Count 1940 Census

NBER Working Paper No. w22855
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 28 Nov 2016
Karen Clay, Jeff Lingwall and Melvin Stephens
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Truman State University and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Economics
Downloads 7 (598,155)

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31.

The Rise and Fall of Pellagra in the American South

NBER Working Paper No. w23730
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 28 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2017
Karen Clay, Ethan Schmick and Werner Troesken
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Muhlenberg College and University of Pittsburgh - Department of Economics
Downloads 3 (626,349)
Citation 1
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32.

Controlling Tuberculosis? Evidence from the First Community-Wide Health Experiment

NBER Working Paper No. w25884
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 28 May 2019
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, University of Southern Denmark, University of Copenhagen - Department of EconomicsUniversity of Copenhagen, University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics and University of Michigan
Downloads 1 (648,804)
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