Bart Custers

Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies

Associate professor/head of research

2300 RA Leiden, NL-2300RA

Netherlands

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

39

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1,197

CITATIONS

0

Scholarly Papers (39)

1.

Lists of Ethical, Legal, Societal and Economic Issues of Big Data Technologies

Custers B.H.M., La Fors K., Jozwiak M., Keymolen E., Bachlechner D., Friedewald, M. & Aguzzi S. (2017) Lists of ethical, legal, societal and economic issues of big data technologies. Report. Leiden: Leiden University.
Number of pages: 109 Posted: 28 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 04 Jun 2018
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University - Centre for Law and Digital Technologies, VU University Amsterdam, eLaw, Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Fraunhofer Institut für Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI and IDC - IDC
Downloads 136 (199,795)

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big data, ethics, data protection

2.

Pricing Privacy – The Right to Know the Value of Your Personal Data

Malgieri, G., and Custers, B. (2017) Pricing privacy: the right to know the value of your personal data, Computer Law & Security Review.
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 04 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 18 Dec 2017
Gianclaudio Malgieri and Bart Custers
Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Faculty of Law and Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 131 (205,885)

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Privacy, personal data, data subject rights, big data, digital identities, data economy

3.

The Police Hack Back: Legitimacy, Necessity and Privacy Implications of the Next Step in Fighting Cybercrime

Pool R.L.D & Custers B.H.M. (2017), The Police Hack Back: Legitimacy, Necessity and Privacy Implications of The Next Step in Fighting Cybercrime, European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice 2017(25): 123-144
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 04 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2017
Bart Custers and Ronald Pool
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies and Government of the Netherlands - The Research and Documentation Centre (WODC)
Downloads 91 (266,568)

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cybercrime, echr, hacking, investigative powers, privacy, technology in policing

4.

De Bescherming Van Persoonsgegevens: Acht Europese Landen Vergeleken (The Protection of Personal Data: Comparison of Eight European Countries)

Custers B.H.M, Dechesne F., Georgieva I.N. & Hof S. van der (2017), De bescherming van persoonsgegevens: acht Europese landen vergeleken. Den Haag: SDU
Number of pages: 262 Posted: 01 Mar 2018
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University - Centre for Law and Digital Technologies, Utrecht University and Leiden University - Leiden Law School
Downloads 90 (268,426)

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privacy, data protection, GDPR

5.

Cyber Agent Technology en de Wet op de Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdiensten (WIV) (Cyber Agent Technology and the Dutch Intelligence Agencies Act (WIV))

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 31 Jan 2018
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 55 (351,854)

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Cyber agent technology, AIVD, MIVD, WIV, inlichtingendiensten

6.

Cybercrime En Witwassen: Bitcoins, Online Dienstverleners En Andere Witwasmethoden Bij Banking Malware En Ransomware (Cybercrime and Money Laundering: Bitcoins, Payment Service Providers and Other Methods of Laundering Banking Malware and Ransomware Profits)

Oerlemans J.J., Custers B.H.M., Pool R.L.D. & Cornelisse R. (2016), Cybercrime En Witwassen: Bitcoins, Online Dienstverleners En Andere Witwasmethoden Bij Banking Malware En Ransomware. Onderzoek en beleid WODC no. 319. Meppel: Boom Criminologie
Number of pages: 152 Posted: 01 Mar 2018
Leiden University - Centre for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Government of the Netherlands - The Research and Documentation Centre (WODC) and Government of the Netherlands - The Research and Documentation Centre (WODC)
Downloads 47 (377,096)

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bitcoins, money laundering, aml, ransomware, banking malware

7.

Advancing the EU Data Economy: Conditions for Realizing the Full of Potential of Data Reuse

Custers, B.H.M., and Bachlechner, D. (2018) Advancing the EU Data Economy; Conditions for Realizing the Full Potential of Data Reuse, Information Polity, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 26 Dec 2017
Bart Custers and Daniel Bachlechner
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies and Fraunhofer Institut für Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung
Downloads 47 (377,096)

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Big Data, Data Economy, Data Reuse, Privacy, Public Acceptance, Standardization

8.

Privacy Expectations of Social Media Users: The Role of Informed Consent in Privacy Policies

Custers B.H.M., Hof S. van der & Schermer B. (2014), Privacy Expectations of Social Media Users: The Role of Informed Consent in Privacy Policies, Policy and Internet 6(3): 268-295
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 05 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2017
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University - Leiden Law School and Leiden Law School
Downloads 44 (387,215)

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Informed Consent, Privacy Policy, User Expectations, Social Media

9.

Click Here to Consent Forever: Expiry Dates for Informed Consent

Big Data & Society, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 1-6, January-June 2016
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 04 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 44 (387,215)

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Informed Consent, Big Data, Expiry Dates, Privacy, Personal Data

10.

The Power of Knowledge Ethical, Legal and Technological Aspects of Data Mining and Group Profiling in Epidemiology

Custers B.H.M. (2004), The Power of Knowledge: Ethical, Legal and Technological Aspects of Data Mining and Group Profiling in Epidemiology. Tilburg: Wolf Legal Publishers, ISBN: 90-5850-085-3
Number of pages: 297 Posted: 18 Jun 2018
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 42 (394,279)

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profiling, data mining, privacy, data science

11.

Informed Consent in Social Media Use – The Gap between User Expectations and EU Personal Data Protection Law

Custers B.H.M., Hof S. van der, Schermer B.W., Appleby-Arnold S., Brockdorff & N. (2013), Informed Consent in Social Media Use. The Gap between User Expectations and EU Personal Data Protection Law, Script-ed: A Journal of Law and Technology 10(4): 435-457
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 04 Oct 2017
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University - Leiden Law School, Leiden Law School, University of Malta - Department of Cognitive Science and University of Malta - Department of Cognitive Science
Downloads 42 (394,279)

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Consent, Data Protection, Privacy, Social Media

12.

Using Sensitive Personal Data May Be Necessary for Avoiding Discrimination in Data-Driven Decision Models

Zliobaite I. & Custers B. (2016), Using sensitive personal data may be necessary for avoiding discrimination in data-driven decision models, Artificial Intelligence and Law (24): 183-201.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2017
Indre Zliobaite and Bart Custers
Independent and Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 40 (401,463)

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Non-discrimination,Fairness, Regression, Data mining

13.

Data Mining and Group Profiling on the Internet

Custers B.H.M. (2001), Data Mining and Group Profiling on the Internet. In: Vedder A (red.) Ethics and the Internet. Antwerpen: Intersentia. 87-104, 2001
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 07 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 39 (405,198)

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Datamining, KDD, group profiling, Internet, spamming, direct marketing, privacy, anonymity

14.

Technologie Voor Opsporing En Handhaving; Kansen, Ervaringen En Knelpunten (Promising Policing Technologies. Experiences, Obstacles and Police Needs Regarding Law Enforcement Technologies)

Custers B.H.M. & Vergouw S. (2016), Technologie voor opsporing en handhaving; kansen, ervaringen en knelpunten, Justitiële Verkenningen 2016(3): 48-67.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 26 Jul 2018
Bart Custers and Bas Vergouw
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies and Government of the Netherlands - The Research and Documentation Centre (WODC)
Downloads 35 (425,001)

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technology in policing, wiretapping, DNA, criminal investigation, law enforcement

15.

Data Dilemmas in the Information Society

Custers B.H.M. (2013), Data Dilemmas in the Information Society. In: Custers B.H.M., Calders T., Schermer B., Zarsky T. (red.) Discrimination and Privacy in the Information Society. nr. 3 Heidelberg: Springer. 3-26.
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 05 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 32 (433,345)

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16.

Legal Big Data (Legal Big Data)

Custers B.H.M. & Leeuw F. (2017), Legal big data: Toepassingen voor de rechtspraktijk en juridisch onderzoek, Nederlands Juristenblad 2017(34): 2449-2456.
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 24 Jul 2018
Bart Custers and Frans L. Leeuw
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies and Maastricht University
Downloads 27 (456,447)

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legal big data, big data, legal practice, legal prediction models

17.

Responsibly Innovating Data Mining and Profiling Tools: A New Approach to Discrimination Sensitive and Privacy Sensitive Attributes

Custers B.H.M. & Schermer B.W. (2014), Responsibly Innovating Data Mining and Profiling Tools: A New Approach to Discrimination Sensitive and Privacy Sensitive Attributes. In: Hoven van den J., Doorn, N., Swierstra T., Koops B-J., Romijn H. (red.) Responsible innovation 1: innovative solutions for g
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 05 Oct 2017
Bart Custers and Bart Willem Schermer
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies and Leiden Law School
Downloads 26 (461,560)

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responsible innovation, data mining, discrimination, privacy

18.

De Onstuitbare Opmars Van Drones (The Unstoppable Rise of Drones)

Oerlemans J.J. & Custers B.H.M. (2015), De onstuitbare opmars van drones: ontwikkelingen in technologie en regulering voor lichte onbemande luchtvaartuigen, Nederlands Juristenblad 90(32): 2208-2214.
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 26 Jul 2018
JanJaap Oerlemans and Bart Custers
Leiden University - Centre for Law and Digital Technologies and Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 25 (466,754)

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drones, UAV, aviation law

19.

Data Mining with Discrimination Sensitive and Privacy Sensitive Attributes

Custers B.H.M. (2010), Data Mining with Discrimination Sensitive and Privacy Sensitive Attributes. In: Proceedings of ISP 2010.: ISRST. 31-38
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 04 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 25 (466,754)

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Big Data, Data Mining, Discrimination, Privacy

20.

Technology in Policing: Experiences, Obstacles and Police Needs

Custers B.H.M. (2012), Technology in Policing: Experiences, Obstacles and Police Needs, Computer law & security report (1): 62-68
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 05 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 22 (482,802)

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Technology in Policing; Effectiveness; Promising Technologies; Legal Obstacles; Success Stories

21.

Whose Responsibility is it Anyway? Dealing with the Consequences of New Technologies

Vedder, A., and Custers B.H.M. (2009) Whose responsibility is it anyway? Dealing with the consequences of new technologies. In: Sollie P., Duwell M. (red.) Evaluating new technologies: Methodological problems for the ethical assessment of technology developments. New York: Springer. 21-34.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 05 Oct 2017
Anton H. Vedder and Bart Custers
KU Leuven Centre for IT and IP Law (CiTiP) and Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 19 (499,387)

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Ethics of technology, Responsibility, Privacy, Security, Reliability, Equal access to information

22.

Risk Profiling of Money Laundering and Terrorism Funding: Practical Problems of Current Information Strategies

Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems. Funchal, Portugal, 2007
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 04 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 17 (510,319)

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Risk Profiling, Identification, Money Laundering, Terrorism, Terrorism Funding, Information Strategy, KYC, Patriot Act

23.

Big Data in Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (Big Data in Scientific Research)

Custers B.H.M. (2016), Big Data in wetenschappelijk onderzoek, Justitiële Verkenningen 2016(1): 8-21.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 Jul 2018
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 16 (521,331)

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big data, redlining, discrimination by proxy

24.

Het Gebruik Van Drones. Een Verkennend Onderzoek Naar Onbemande Luchtvaartuigen (The Use of Drones: An Exploratory Study on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs))

Custers B.H.M., Oerlemans J.J. & Vergouw S.J. (2015), Het gebruik van drones. Een verkennend onderzoek naar onbemande luchtvaartuigen (Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum) Onderzoek en beleid WODC no. 313. Den Haag: Boom Lemma uitgevers.
Number of pages: 176 Posted: 01 Mar 2018
Bart Custers, JanJaap Oerlemans and Bas Vergouw
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University - Centre for Law and Digital Technologies and Government of the Netherlands - The Research and Documentation Centre (WODC)
Downloads 15 (521,331)

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drones, uav, uas, rpas

25.

The Risks of Epidemiological Data Mining

Custers B.H.M. (2005), The Risks of Epidemiological Data Mining. In: Tavani H (red.) Ethics, Computing and Genomics: Moral Controversies in Computational Genomics. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 08 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 14 (526,905)

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Data mining, epidemiology, group profiling, personal data, medical data, privacy, reliability, distributivity, cryptography

26.

The Exclusivity of Ultrafast Communication Networks

Custers B.H.M. (2008), The Exclusivity of Ultrafast Communication Networks, Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology 3(4): 247-253
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 04 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 13 (532,495)

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Internet, Ethics, Ultrafast Communication, Networks, Social Polarization, Manipulation of Information

27.

Risicogericht Toezicht, Profiling En Big Data (Risk Based Enforcement, Profiling and Big Data)

Custers B.H.M. (2014), Risicogericht toezicht, profiling en Big Data, Tijdschrift voor Toezicht 2014(3): 9-16.
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 26 Jul 2018
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 12 (538,158)

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risk based approaches, enforcement, profling, big data

28.

Effects of Unreliable Group Profiling by Means of Data Mining

Custers B.H.M. (2003), Effects of Unreliable Group Profiling by Means of Data Mining. In: Grieser G, Tanaka Y, Yamamoto A (red.) Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence. Heidelberg, New York: Springer Verlag. 290-295.
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 05 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 12 (538,158)

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Data mining, KDD, group profiling, personal data, data protection, reliability, distributivity, security, selection, stigmatization, confrontation, ethics

29.

What Is Data Mining and How Does It Work?

Calders T. & Custers B.h.m. (2013), What Is Data Mining and How Does It Work?. In: Custers B.h.m., Calders T., Schermer B., Zarsky T. (Red.) Discrimination and Privacy in the Information Society. Nr. 3 Heidelberg: Springer.
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 05 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 04 Jun 2018
Bart Custers and Toon Calders
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies and Independent
Downloads 10 (549,275)

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30.

Data on the Move – Privacy of Road Pricing

Custers B.H.M. & Kuiper A. (2010), Data on the Move – Privacy of Road Pricing, The Journal of Navigation 63: 51-59.
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 09 Oct 2017
Bart Custers, Albert Kuiper, Zsolt Szabo and Remi Tops
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Capgemini, Capgemini and Independent
Downloads 7 (565,578)

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Road pricing, privacy, traffic monitoring, onboard equipment

31.

Promising Policing Technologies: Experiences, Obstacles and Police Needs Regarding Law Enforcement Technologies

Custers B.H.M. & Vergouw S.J. (2015), Promising Policing Technologies: Experiences, Obstacles and Police Needs Regarding Law Enforcement Technologies, Computer Law & Security Report (31): 518-526
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 04 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 7 (565,578)

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Technology in Policing, Effectiveness, Promising Technologies, Legal Obstacles, Success Stories

32.

Predicting Data that People Refuse to Disclose

Privacy Observatory Magazine, Issue 3, 2012
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 04 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 6 (571,097)

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Big Data, Informational Self-Determination, Privacy, Data Mining

33.

Nieuwe online opsporingsbevoegdheden en het recht op privacy; een analyse van de Wet computercriminaliteit III (New Online Criminal Investigation Methods and the Right to Privacy: An Analysis of the Dutch Computer Crime Act III)

Justitiële Verkenningen, Vol. 44, No. 5, p. 100-117 (2018)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Dec 2018
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 5 (576,687)

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cybercrime, Privacy, NTD, hacking competences, law enforcement

34.

Tapping and Data Retention in Ultrafast Communication Networks

Custers B.H.M. (2008), Tapping and Data Retention in Ultrafast Communication Networks, Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology 3(2): 94-100
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 04 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies
Downloads 4 (582,456)

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Wire Tapping, Data Retention, Ultrafast Communication Networks

35.

Data Mining and Profiling in Big Data

• Custers, B.H.M. (2018) Data Mining and Profiling in Big Data, in B.A. Arrigo (ed.) The SAGE Encyclopedia of Surveillance, Security, and Privacy, p. 277-279, Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Posted: 25 Jun 2018
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies

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36.

A Comparison of Data Protection Legislation and Policies Across the EU

Custers, B., Dechesne, F., Sears, A., Tani, T., Van der Hof, S. (2017) A comparison of data protection legislation and policies across the EU, Computer Law & Security Review, DOI: 10.1016/j.clsr.2017.09.001
Posted: 26 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 22 Aug 2018
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University - Centre for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University - Centre for Law and Digital Technologies, Leiden University - Centre for Law and Digital Technologies and Leiden University - Leiden Law School

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privacy, data protection, comparative law, personal data, data protection authorities

37.

Drone Technology: Types, Payloads, Applications, Frequency Spectrum Issues and Future Developments

Vergouw B., Nagel H., Bondt G. & Custers B.H.M. (2016), Drone Technology: Types, Payloads, Applications, Frequency Spectrum Issues and Future Developments. In: Custers B.H.M. (red.) The Future of Drone Use. Heidelberg: Springer.
Posted: 05 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies

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Autonomy, Propulsion, Fixed-Wing Drones, Multirotor Drones, Frequency Spectrum, Wireless Communication, Interference, Swarms, Miniaturisation, Sensors

38.

Flying to New Destinations: The Future of Drones

Custers B.H.M. (2016), Flying to New Destinations: The Future of Drones. In: Custers B.H.M. (red.) The Future of Drone Use. Heidelberg: Springer.
Posted: 05 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies

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Geofencing, Privacy by Design, Privacy Impact Assessments, Public Awareness, Sunset Provisions, Technology-Independent Legislation

39.

Drones Here, There and Everywhere

Custers B.h.m. (2016), Drones Here, There and Everywhere. In: Custers B.h.m. (Red.) the Future of Drone Use. Nr. 27 Heidelberg: Springer.
Posted: 05 Oct 2017
Bart Custers
Leiden University - Center for Law and Digital Technologies

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UAV, UAS, RPAS