James E. Pfander

Northwestern University School of Law

375 E. Chicago Ave

Chicago, IL 60611

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

42

DOWNLOADS
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in Total Papers Downloads

8,392

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 27,839

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 27,839

in Total Papers Citations

9

CROSSREF CITATIONS

23

Scholarly Papers (42)

1.

Dicey's Nightmare: An Essay on the Rule of Law

California Law Review, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 19-02
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 14 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 08 Jul 2019
James E. Pfander
Downloads 816 (42,188)

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rule of law, constitutional rights, government accountability

2.

KöBler V. Austria: Expositional Supremacy and Member State Liability

European Business Law Review, Vol. 17, p. 275, 2006
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 10 Nov 2006
James E. Pfander
Downloads 679 (53,858)

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3.
Downloads 604 (62,522)
Citation 1

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4.

The Myth of Personal Liability: Who Pays When Bivens Claims Succeed

72 Stanford Law Review 561 (2020), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 19-05, UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-11
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 28 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2020
James E. Pfander, Alex Reinert and Joanna C. Schwartz
Northwestern University School of Law, Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 505 (78,233)

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constitutional remedies, Bivens, rule of law, official liability and indemnity, government accountability, empirical legal studies, deterrence

5.

The Story of Bivens v. Six Unknown-Named Agents of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics

FEDERAL COURTS' STORIES, Judith Resnik & Vicki C. Jackson, eds., 2009, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 09-36
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 31 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2010
James E. Pfander
Downloads 453 (89,092)

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constitutional torts, Bivens, individual rights

Article III Judicial Power, the Adverse-Party Requirement, and Non-Contentious Jurisdiction

Yale Law Journal, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-13
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 14 Apr 2014
James E. Pfander and Daniel D. Birk
Northwestern University School of Law and Chicago-Kent College of Law
Downloads 316 (132,589)

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adverse party, standing, justiciability, judicial power, civil law, inquisitorial procedure, ex parte proceedings, non-contentious jurisdiction, Article III, case-or-controversy requirement

Article III Judicial Power, the Adverse-Party Requirement, and Non-Contentious Jurisdiction

UCD Working Papers in Law, Criminology & Socio-Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13
Number of pages: 88 Posted: 16 Dec 2014
James E. Pfander and Daniel D. Birk
Northwestern University School of Law and Chicago-Kent College of Law
Downloads 67 (458,691)
Citation 2

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Article III, adversarial, American, ex parte, jurisprudence, Federal, Non-contentious jurisdiction, case-or-controversy requirement, injury-in-fact

7.

New Federalism and Civil Rights Enforcement

116 Northwestern University Law Review 737 (2021), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 21-08, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 21-02
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 01 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2022
Alex Reinert, Joanna C. Schwartz and James E. Pfander
Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law and Northwestern University School of Law
Downloads 356 (117,415)

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civil rights litigation; Section 1983; qualified immunity; federalism; budgeting; ethics; policing

8.

Article III and the Scottish Judiciary

Harvard Law Review, Vol 124, page 1613 (2011), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 10-73
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 11 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 20 May 2014
James E. Pfander and Daniel D. Birk
Northwestern University School of Law and Chicago-Kent College of Law
Downloads 316 (133,322)

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federal jurisdiction, separation of powers, jurisdiction-stripping, Supreme Court, history of federal judiciary, Scottish legal history

9.
Downloads 277 (152,993)
Citation 4

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10.

The Common Law Origins of Ex parte Young

Stanford Law Review, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 19-20
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 12 Nov 2019 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2019
James E. Pfander and Jacob Wentzel
Downloads 242 (174,824)
Citation 4

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constitutional remedies, ex parte young actions, equitable originalism, rule of law

11.

Resolving the Qualified Immunity Dilemma: Constitutional Tort Claims for Nominal Damages

Columbia Law Review, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 11-41, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 11-10
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 27 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 13 Aug 2011
James E. Pfander
Downloads 242 (174,824)

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Qualified immunity, constitutional torts, nominal damages

12.

Rethinking Bivens: Legitimacy and Constitutional Adjudication

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 98, Fall 2009, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 09-08
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 12 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2010
James E. Pfander and David Baltmanis
Downloads 238 (177,714)

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Bivens, right of action, constitutional adjudication

13.
Downloads 196 (213,000)
Citation 1

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14.

The Chief or the Court: Article II and the Appointment of Inferior Judicial Officers

107 Northwestern University Law Review 1125 (2013), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 12-13
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 02 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 27 Jul 2013
James E. Pfander
Downloads 184 (225,136)

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appointment power, separation of powers, inferior officers, judicial bureaucracy, Chief Justice, patronage

15.

Federal Supremacy, State Court Inferiority, and the Constitutionality of Jurisdiction-Stripping Legislation

Northwestern University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 10 Nov 2006
James E. Pfander
Downloads 184 (225,136)

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16.

Zones of Discretion at Common Law

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 20-27
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 10 Dec 2020
James E. Pfander
Downloads 182 (227,265)

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qualified immunity, common law, remedies, executive discretion, legal history

17.

Standing to Sue: Lessons from Scotland's Actio Popularis

66 Duke Law Journal 1493 (2017), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 16-07
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 21 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2017
James E. Pfander
Downloads 182 (227,265)

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standing to sue, Article III judicial power, public law litigation, civil and roman law

18.

Reclaiming the Immigration Constitution of the Early Republic

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 96, No. 1, 2010, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 10-13
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 06 May 2010
James E. Pfander and Theresa Wardon
Northwestern University School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 175 (234,996)

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Immigration, naturalization, constitutional history, early republic, plenary power

19.

Scalia's Legacy: Originalism and Change in the Law of Standing

6 Brit. J. Am. Leg. Stud. 85 (2017), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 17-22
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 25 Aug 2017
James E. Pfander
Downloads 174 (236,157)

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Standing, Originalism, Justice Scalia

20.

The Anti-Injunction Act and the Problem of Federal-State Jurisdictional Overlap

Texas Law Review, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 13-18
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 23 May 2013 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2013
James E. Pfander and Nassim Nazemi
Downloads 172 (238,452)

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law and equity, anti-suit injunction, equitable restraint, abstention, Rooker-Feldman

21.

Public Rights and Article III: Judicial Oversight of Agency Action

Ohio State Law Journal, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 21-18
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 17 Jun 2021
James E. Pfander and Andrew Borrasso
Downloads 171 (239,634)

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Article III, public rights, agency adjudication, judicial power, non-Article III courts

22.

Public Wrongs and Private Bills: Indemnification and Government Accountability in the Early Republic

New York University Law Review, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 10-77
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 14 Nov 2010
James E. Pfander and Jonathan L. Hunt
Northwestern University School of Law and Mayer, Brown, Rowe & Maw LLP
Downloads 142 (279,036)
Citation 1

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government torts, official liability and indemnity, private bills

23.

Forum Shopping and the Infrastructure of Federalism

Temple Political & Civil Rights Law Review, Vol. 17, 2008, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 08-34
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Oct 2008
James E. Pfander
Downloads 136 (288,577)
Citation 1

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federalism, forum shopping

24.

Judicial Compensation and the Definition of Judicial Power in the Early Republic

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 107, 2008, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 08-35
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 05 Oct 2008
James E. Pfander
Downloads 132 (295,064)

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judicial compensation, limited jurisdiction

25.

Constitutional Torts and the War on Terror

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 17-07
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 29 Mar 2017
James E. Pfander
Downloads 117 (322,350)

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war on terror, torture, human rights, Bivens actions, extraterritoriality, judicial review

26.

Protective Jurisdiction, Aggregate Litigation, and the Limits of Article III

California Law Review, Vol. 95, p. 1423, 2007
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 11 Feb 2008
James E. Pfander
Downloads 109 (338,547)

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27.

Morris v. Allen and the Lost History of the Anti-Injunction Act of 1793

108 Northwestern University Law Review 187 (2014), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 13-12
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 04 May 2013 Last Revised: 16 Mar 2014
James E. Pfander and Nassim Nazemi
Downloads 106 (345,059)

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legal history, merger of law and equity, anti-injunction act, Justice Frankfurter, law practice in the early republic

28.

Equal Footing and the States "Now Existing": Slavery and State Equality Over Time

Fordham Law Review, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 21-08
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 30 Mar 2021
James E. Pfander and Elena Joffroy
Northwestern University School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 102 (354,050)

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slavery, equal footing, constitutional change, originalism

29.

Going Rogue: The Supreme Court's Newfound Hostility to Policy-Based Bivens Claims

96 Notre Dame Law Review 1835 (2021), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 21-09, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 21-03
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 02 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 19 May 2021
Joanna C. Schwartz, Alex Reinert and James E. Pfander
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law, Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law and Northwestern University School of Law
Downloads 99 (360,995)

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Bivens, constitutional torts, government policy, government accountability

30.

Removing Federal Judges

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 74, p. 1227, 2007
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 11 Feb 2008
James E. Pfander
Downloads 82 (405,174)

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31.

The Past and Future of Procedure Scholarship

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 21-06, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 12 Mar 2021
James E. Pfander
Downloads 73 (432,616)

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legal scholarship, procedure, history of thought, empirical scholarship

32.

In Search of the Probate Exception

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 67, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-28
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 12 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2014
James E. Pfander and Michael Downey
Northwestern University School of Law and Government of the United States of America - U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois
Downloads 64 (463,272)

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judicial power, probate exception, federalism

33.

Collateral Review of Remand Orders: Reasserting the Supervisory Role of the Supreme Court

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 159, p., 493, 2011, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 10-88
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 04 Dec 2010 Last Revised: 03 Feb 2011
James E. Pfander
Downloads 64 (463,272)

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Appellate Jurisdiction, Remand Orders, Supreme Court Role, Supervisory Power

34.

A Non-Contentious Account of Article III's Domestic Relations Exception

Notre Dame Law Review, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 16-05
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 15 Mar 2016
James E. Pfander and Emily Damrau
Downloads 63 (467,027)

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Domestic Relations, Family Law, Article III, Federal Jurisdiction

35.

A Declaratory Theory of State Accountability

Virginia Law Review, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 16-01
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 03 Mar 2016
James E. Pfander and Jessica Dwinell
Downloads 60 (478,328)
Citation 2

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state sovereign immunity, government accountability, federalism, eleventh amendment

36.

Seminole Tribe v. Florida: Sovereignty and the Eleventh Amendment Imag(in)ed

Painting Constitutional Law: Xavier Cortada’s Images of Constitutional Rights (H. Wasserman & M. Mirow eds., 2021, Forthcoming), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 20-01
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 28 Jan 2020 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2020
James E. Pfander
Downloads 56 (493,814)

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state sovereign immunity, native tribes, tribal sovereignty, Indian gaming

37.

Brief of Professors Gregory Sisk and James Pfander as Amici Curiae in Support of Respondent, Simmons v. Himmelreich, No. 15-109 (Supreme Court)

Brief, Supreme Court of the United States, 2015 Term, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-07
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 05 Feb 2016
Gregory C. Sisk and James E. Pfander
University of St. Thomas School of Law (Minnesota) and Northwestern University School of Law
Downloads 55 (497,881)

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Bivens, Federal Tort Claims Act, claim preclusion, issue preclusion, res judicata, collateral estoppel, Westfall Act, litigation with the federal government, constitutional torts, sovereign immunity, federal courts, federal jurisdiction

38.

Interlocutory Review by Agreement of the Parties: A Preliminary Analysis

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 105, p. 1043, 2011, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 10-68
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 26 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2012
James E. Pfander and David R. Pekarek Krohn
Northwestern University School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 54 (501,980)

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appeal, settlement, interlocutory review, civil procedure, litigation and arbitration

39.

Adverse Interests and Article III: A Reply

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 111, No. 4, 2017, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 17-21
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 25 Aug 2017
James E. Pfander and Daniel D. Birk
Northwestern University School of Law and Chicago-Kent College of Law
Downloads 45 (541,720)

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Article III, noncontentious jurisdiction, adverse parties

40.

W(h)ither Bivens?

161 U. Pa. L. Rev. Online 231 (2013), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 13-13
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 04 May 2013 Last Revised: 11 May 2013
James E. Pfander and David Baltmanis
Downloads 45 (541,720)

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constitutional torts, Bivens action, government accountability

41.

Law, Equity, and Supplemental Jurisdiction

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 22-17, Notre Dame Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 25 May 2022 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2022
James E. Pfander and Peter Douglas
Downloads 31 (616,511)

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law, equity, ancillary jurisdiction, supplemental jurisdiction, textualism

42.

Bivens, the Judgment Bar, and the Perils of Dynamic Textualism

8 U. ST. THOMAS L. JRL. 417 (2011-12), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 18-01
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 03 Feb 2018
James E. Pfander and Neil Aggarwall
Northwestern University School of Law and Proskauer Rose LLP - Litigation
Downloads 26 (649,186)

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Government Accountability, Federal Torts, Bivens, Judgment Bar