Karim R. Lakhani

Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group

Professor of Business Administration

Boston, MA 02163

United States

Harvard Institute for Quantitative Social Science

Faculty Affiliate

1737 Cambridge St.

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

Harvard University - Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Faculty Associate

Harvard Law School

23 Everett, 2nd Floor

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

DOWNLOADS
Rank 1,419

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 1,419

in Total Papers Downloads

22,801

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 2,963

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 2,963

in Total Papers Citations

231

CROSSREF CITATIONS

201

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.

Why Hackers Do What They Do: Understanding Motivation and Effort in Free/Open Source Software Projects

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 Sep 2003
Karim R. Lakhani and Robert G. Wolf
Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and The Boston Consulting Group
Downloads 8,864 (674)
Citation 222

Abstract:

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open source, software development

2.

The Principles of Distributed Innovation

Innovations: Technology, Governance, Globalization Summer, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2007, The Berkman Center for Internet and Society Research Paper No. 2007-7
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 15 Oct 2007
Karim R. Lakhani and Jill A. Panetta
Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 2,365 (6,555)
Citation 3

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distributed innovation, intellectual property policy, principles

3.

Open Innovation and Organization Design

Journal of Organization Design, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2012
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 01 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 14 Jan 2015
Michael Tushman, Karim R. Lakhani and Hila Lifshitz-Assaf
Harvard University - Organizational Behavior Unit, Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business
Downloads 2,057 (8,292)
Citation 2

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Organization design, Open innovation

4.

Open Innovation and Organizational Boundaries: The Impact of Task Decomposition and Knowledge Distribution on the Locus of Innovation

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 12-57, Harvard Business School Organizational Behavior Unit Working Paper No. 12-057
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 08 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 12 Jun 2014
Karim R. Lakhani, Hila Lifshitz-Assaf and Michael Tushman
Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business and Harvard University - Organizational Behavior Unit
Downloads 1,897 (9,486)
Citation 13

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5.

Looking Across and Looking Beyond the Knowledge Frontier: Intellectual Distance and Resource Allocation in Science

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 12 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2016
Kevin Boudreau, Eva Guinan, Karim R. Lakhani and Christoph Riedl
Northeastern University, Harvard Medical School, Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and Northeastern University - D’Amore-McKim School of Business
Downloads 1,595 (12,499)
Citation 28

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knowledge, innovation, novelty, evaluation, resource allocation

6.

How Open Source Software Works: 'Free' User-to-User Assistance?

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 19 Nov 2001
Eric A. von Hippel and Karim R. Lakhani
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 1,061 (23,328)
Citation 85

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7.

Performance Responses To Competition Across Skill-Levels In Rank Order Tournaments: Field Evidence and Implications For Tournament Design

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 14-014
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 09 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2016
Kevin Boudreau, Karim R. Lakhani and Michael Menietti
Northeastern University, Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and Harvard University - Business School (HBS)
Downloads 703 (41,486)
Citation 33

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Tournaments, contests, platforms, innovation

8.

Community, Joining, and Specialization in Open Source Software Innovation: A Case Study

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 13 Mar 2003
Georg von Krogh, Sebastian Spaeth and Karim R. Lakhani
ETH Zurich, Universität St. Gallen and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 592 (52,122)
Citation 36

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Open Source, Freenet, Innovation, Software Innovation

9.

The Effects of Increasing Competition and Uncertainty on Incentives and Extreme-Value Outcomes in Innovation Contests

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper, Berkman Center Research Publication No. 2008-6
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 18 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 26 Nov 2010
Kevin Boudreau, Nicola Lacetera and Karim R. Lakhani
Northeastern University, University of Toronto - Strategic Management and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 447 (73,948)
Citation 9

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innovation contests, competition, innovation, problem-solving, search, complexity, distributed innovation, platforms

10.

Public-Private Partnerships for Organizing and Executing Prize-Based Competitions

Berkman Center Research Publication No. 2012-13
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Jun 2012
Raymond Tong and Karim R. Lakhani
The Boston Consulting Group and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 415 (80,788)

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prize, competitions, government, agencies, best practices

11.

A Field Experiment on Search Costs and the Formation of Scientific Collaborations

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 25 Aug 2014
Northeastern University, Harvard University - Harvard Medical School, University of Massachusetts at Amherst - College of Social and Behavioral Sciences - Department of Economics, University of Bath, Harvard Medical School, Harvard University - Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 379 (89,666)
Citation 21

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Science, teams, matching, search, self-organising collaborations

12.

'Open' Disclosure of Innovations, Incentives and Follow-on Reuse: Theory on Processes of Cumulative Innovation and a Field Experiment in Computational Biology

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 14-002
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 02 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 07 Aug 2015
Kevin Boudreau and Karim R. Lakhani
Northeastern University and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 358 (95,734)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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open innovation, cumulative innovation, incentives, search, disclosure and access

13.

Organizations in the Shadow of Communities

Published in: O'Mahony, Siobhan, and Karim R. Lakhani. "Organizations in the Shadow of Communities." In Communities and Organizations. Vol. 33, edited by Christopher Marquis, Michael Lounsbury, and Royston Greenwood, 3–36. Research in the Sociology of Organizations. Emerald Group Publishing, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 11-131
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 28 Jun 2011 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2013
Siobhan O’Mahony and Karim R. Lakhani
Boston University School of Management and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 308 (113,166)
Citation 1

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14.

Innovation Experiments: Researching Technical Advance, Knowledge Production and the Design of Supporting Institutions

Forthcoming in Innovation Policy and the Economy, volume 16, edited by Josh Lerner and Scott Stern. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. , Harvard Business School Strategy Unit Working Paper No. 16-001, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 16-001
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 03 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 07 Jul 2015
Kevin Boudreau and Karim R. Lakhani
Northeastern University and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 298 (117,283)
Citation 6

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15.

When Do Experts Listen to Other Experts? The Role of Negative Information in Expert Evaluations for Novel Projects

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 21-007
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 20 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2020
Harvard Business School, University of Michigan School of Information, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Harvard University - Business School (HBS), Harvard Medical School and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 226 (155,137)

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project evaluation, innovation, knowledge frontier, diversity, negativity bias

16.

Getting Clear About the Role of Communities in Open Innovation

Industry & Innovation, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 223-231, April 2008
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 30 Jan 2011
Joel West and Karim R. Lakhani
KGI - Keck Graduate Institute and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 205 (170,144)
Citation 8

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Innovation communities, open source, open innovation, user innovation

17.

Innovation and the Challenge of Novelty: The Novelty-Confirmation-Transformation Cycle in Software and Science

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 11-096
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 19 Mar 2011
Paul R. Carlile and Karim R. Lakhani
Boston University - Department of Management Information Systems and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 202 (172,520)
Citation 7

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innovation, novelty, artifacts, infrastructure, software and science

18.

The Role of Constraints in Creative Problem-Solving: Field Experimental Evidence from a Community Crowdsourcing Program in a Consumer Electronics Company

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 21-068
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 08 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2020
Daniel Ehls, Karim R. Lakhani and Jacqueline N. Lane
Helmut Schmidt University - Technology and Innovation Management (TIM), Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and Harvard Business School
Downloads 146 (228,350)

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19.

The Trend Toward 'Open' IT in the Public Sector: Motives, Choices, and Outcomes

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 13 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2016
Joachim Henkel and Karim R. Lakhani
TUM School of Management - Technische Universität München (TUM) and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 143 (232,135)

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information technology, public sector, open source software, open standards, open data

20.

Quantifying the Immediate Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Scientists

Georgia Tech Scheller College of Business Research Paper No. 3608302
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 08 Jun 2020
Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit, Harvard University - Business School (HBS), Northwestern University - Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences, Laboratory for Innovation Science at Harvard, Emory University - Department of Economics, Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business, Yale University, Northwestern University, Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and Northwestern University - Northwestern Institute for Complex Systems (NICO)
Downloads 140 (236,196)
Citation 5

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COVID-19, research productivity, science of science

21.

The Confederacy of Heterogeneous Software Organizations and Heterogeneous Developers: Field Experimental Evidence on Sorting and Worker Effort

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 28 Jul 2011
Kevin Boudreau and Karim R. Lakhani
Northeastern University and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 110 (282,751)
Citation 4

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Organizational heterogeneity, sorting, software

22.

Engineering Serendipity: When Does Knowledge Sharing Lead to Knowledge Production?

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 20-058
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 18 Nov 2019 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2020
Harvard Business School, University of Massachusetts at Amherst - College of Social and Behavioral Sciences - Department of Economics, University of Bath, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 105 (292,185)

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knowledge production, innovation, knowledge sharing, knowledge similarity, natural field experiment

23.

Firms, Crowds, and Innovation

Strategic Organization, 2017, Vol 15(2) 119-140
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 13 Oct 2017
Teppo Felin, Karim R. Lakhani and Michael Tushman
University of Oxford - Said Business School, Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and Harvard University - Organizational Behavior Unit
Downloads 62 (398,594)

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crowdsourcing, innovation, open innovation, organization theory, strategy

24.

Recognition Incentives for Internal Crowdsourcing: A Field Experiment at NASA

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 20-059
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 19 Nov 2019 Last Revised: 29 May 2020
Jana Gallus, Olivia Jung and Karim R. Lakhani
UCLA Anderson, Harvard University - Business School (HBS) and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 54 (425,709)

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25.

Motivating Effort in Contributing to Public Goods Inside Organizations: Field Experimental Evidence

NBER Working Paper No. w22189
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 25 Apr 2016
Andrea Blasco, Olivia Jung, Karim R. Lakhani and Michael Menietti
Harvard University - Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University - Business School (HBS), Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and Harvard University - Business School (HBS)
Downloads 33 (514,270)
Citation 3

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26.

Towards Recovery: Scientists With Better Ratings of Their Institution’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic Have More Optimistic Forecasts About Their Future Research

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 20 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2020
Kyle Myers, Karim R. Lakhani and Dashun Wang
Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit, Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and Northwestern University - Northwestern Institute for Complex Systems (NICO)
Downloads 18 (604,582)

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COVID-19, scientists, science policy, forecasts, institutions

27.

Crowdsourcing Memories: Mixed Methods Research by Cultural Insiders-Epistemological Outsiders

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 20-038
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 20 Feb 2020
Harvard University - Business School (HBS), Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group, Harvard University, Masssachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University - Broad Institute, Barefoot College, Harvard University, Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Students and Harvard University
Downloads 13 (639,148)

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Mixed methods; Insider-Outsiders; Myth of Informed Objectivity; Hybrid Research; Oral Narratives

28.

Learning With People Like Me: The Role of Age-Similar Peers on Online Business Course Engagement

Working Paper 21-072
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 14 Jan 2021
Erasmus University, Rotterdam School of Management, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 5

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online courses, social engagement, homophily, business skills training, knowledge sharing

29.

OpenIDEO

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 612-066
Posted: 07 May 2012
Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group, New York University (NYU) - NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering, New York University and Harvard University - Business School (HBS)

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30.

Myelin Repair Foundation: Accelerating Drug Discovery Through Collaboration

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 610-074
Posted: 12 Apr 2012
Karim R. Lakhani and Paul R. Carlile
Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and Boston University - Department of Management Information Systems

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31.

InnoCentive.Com (C)

Harvard Business School General Management Unit Case No. 612-027
Posted: 01 Mar 2012
Karim R. Lakhani and Eric Lonstein
Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN

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32.

InnoCentive.Com (B)

Harvard Business School General Management Unit Case No. 612-026
Posted: 01 Mar 2012
Karim R. Lakhani and Eric Lonstein
Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN

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33.

TopCoder (A): Developing Software through Crowdsourcing

Harvard Business School General Management Unit Case No. 610-032
Posted: 12 Feb 2012
Karim R. Lakhani, David A. Garvin and Eric Lonstein
Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group, Harvard University - Business School (HBS) and affiliation not provided to SSRN

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34.

TopCoder (B)

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 612-044
Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Karim R. Lakhani, Eric Lonstein and Stephanie Healy Pokrywa
Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Harvard University - Business School (HBS)

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35.

SAP AG: Orchestrating the Ecosystem

HBS Case No. 609-069, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 22 May 2009
Marco Iansiti and Karim R. Lakhani
Harvard University - Business School (HBS) and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group

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