Frederick Mark Gedicks

Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School

Professor of Law

504 JRCB

Provo, UT 84602-8000

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

49

DOWNLOADS
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Top 3,937

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11,034

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 16,468

in Total Papers Citations

35

CROSSREF CITATIONS

28

Scholarly Papers (49)

1.

An Originalist Defense of Substantive Due Process: Magna Carta, Higher-Law Constitutionalism, and the Fifth Amendment

Emory Law Journal, Vol. 58, pp. 585-673, 2009
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 17 Dec 2007 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 1,076 (22,440)
Citation 1

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Constitutional Interpretation, Due Process Clause, Fifth Amendment, Originalism, Substantive Due Process, Uneumerated Rights

2.

RFRA Exemptions from the Contraception Mandate: An Unconstitutional Accommodation of Religion

49 Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review (CR-CL) 343 (2014)
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 21 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks and Rebecca G. Van Tassell
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School and Independent
Downloads 980 (25,733)

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ACA, accommodation of religion, Affordable Care Act, contraception mandate, contraceptives, Establishment Clause, exemptions, Free Exercise Clause, permissive accommodation, RFRA, Religious Freedom Restoration Act

3.

Suitability Claims and Purchases of Unrecommended Securities: a Theory of Broker-Dealer Liability

37 Arizona State Law Journal 535-88 (2005)
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 21 Oct 2004 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 790 (34,811)

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Suitability, Agency, Fiduciary Duty, Broker/Dealer, Discount, Online, Unrecommended Purchases

4.

Spirituality, Fundamentalism, Liberty: Religion at the End of Modernity

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 29 Dec 2004
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 674 (43,221)

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Spirituality, fundamentalism, religion, postmodernism

5.

'Substantial' Burdens: How Courts May (and Why They Must) Judge Burdens on Religion under RFRA

85 George Washington Law Review 94-151 (2017), BYU Law Research Paper No. 15‐18
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 09 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2017
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 410 (80,640)
Citation 2

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complicity, contraception mandate, Hobby Lobby, religious exemptions, RFRA, religious liberty, religious-question doctrine, substantial religious burdens, rule of law

6.

Cross, Crucifix, Culture: An Approach to the Constitutional Meaning of Confessional Symbols

13 First Amendment Law Review (2015, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 30 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks and Pasquale Annicchino
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School and European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS)
Downloads 389 (85,683)

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acculturation, Buono, cross, crucifix, culture, Establishment Clause, European Court of Human Rights, inculturation, interpretation, Italy, laicita', Lautsi, semiotics, meaning, religious neutrality, religious symbols, Salazar, secularism

7.

Truth and Consequences: Mitt Romney, Proposition 8, and Public Reason

Alabama Law Review, Vol. 61, No. 2, p. 337, 2010
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 06 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 376 (89,181)

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belief, Latter-day Saint, Mormon, pluralism, postmodernism, politics, Proposition 8, public reason, religion, Mitt Romney, spirituality

8.

Is Hobby Lobby Worse for Religious Liberty than Smith?

9 University of St. Thomas Journal of Law & Public Policy 223 (2015), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 15-13, BYU Law Research Paper No. 15-03
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 15 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2017
Andrew Koppelman and Frederick Mark Gedicks
Northwestern University School of Law and Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 372 (90,281)
Citation 1

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Religious freedom, Religious Freedom Restoration Act, First Amendment

9.

One Cheer for Hobby Lobby: Improbable Alternatives, Truly Strict Scrutiny, and Third-Party Employee Burdens

38 Harvard Journal of Law and Gender 153-76 (2015)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 28 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 275 (125,746)

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ACA, accommodation of religion, Affordable Care Act, contraception mandate, contraceptives, Establishment Clause, exemptions, Free Exercise Clause, Hobby Lobby, least-restrictive means, permissive accommodation, RFRA, Religious Freedom Restoration Act, strict scrutiny

10.

The Permissible Scope of Legal Limitations on the Freedom of Religion or Belief in the United States

Emory International Law Review, Vol. 19, 2005
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 05 Oct 2006
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 272 (127,178)

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religion clauses, free exercise, establishment, religious freedom, limitations law

11.

With Religious Liberty for All: A Defense of the Affordable Care Act's Contraception Coverage Mandate

American Constitution Society for Law and Policy Issue Brief, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 268 (129,220)

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Affordable Care Act, contraception mandate, Establishment Clause, exemption, free exercise of religion, Free Exercise Clause, Religion Clauses, religious employer, Religious Freedom Restoration Act, RFRA, Smith

12.

Uncivil Religion: Judeo-Christianity and the Ten Commandments

West Virginia Law Review, Vol. 110, 2007
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 05 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks and Roger Hendrix
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School and Independent Consultant
Downloads 266 (130,266)
Citation 1

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establishment clause, separation, civil religion, ten commandments, Judeo-Christian

13.

Originalist Roots of Substantive Due Process

BYU Clark Memorandum, Fall 2009
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 03 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 256 (135,430)

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Constitutional Interpretation, Due Process Clause, Fifth Amendment, Originalism, Substantive Due Process, Uneumerated Rights

14.

Brief of Amici Curiae Church-State Scholars in Support of the Government in Sebelius v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. & Conestoga Wood Specialties Corp. v. Sebelius

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 06 Feb 2014
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 244 (142,074)
Citation 37

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Affordable Care Act, accommodation of religion, Conestoga Wood, contraception mandate, Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause, Hobby Lobby, permissive accommodation of religion, religious exemptions, Religious Freedom Restoration Act, religious liberty, Title VII

15.

Religion, Meaning, Truth, Life

51 San Diego Law Review 1069-78 (2015)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 227 (152,296)

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being-in-the-world, Cartesian dualism, death, Heidegger, life meaning, meta-narrative, mind, religion, transcendence, truth, world

16.

Incorporation of the Establishment Clause Against the States: A Logical, Textual, and Historical Account

88 Indiana Law Journal 669 (2013)
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 05 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 216 (159,617)

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Blaine Amendment, Dis-incorporation, Establishment Clause, Fourteenth Amendment, Incorporation, Originalism, Textualism

17.

Invisible Women: Why an Exemption for Hobby Lobby Would Violate the Establishment Clause

67 Vanderbilt Law Review En Banc 51 (2014), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-34
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 23 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks and Andrew Koppelman
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School and Northwestern University School of Law
Downloads 214 (160,969)

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18.

American Civil Religion: An Idea Whose Time Is Past

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 30 Jul 2009
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 213 (161,698)
Citation 1

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Robert Bellah, Civil Religion, Idolatry, Pledge of Allegiance, Pluralism, Religion, Sectarianization, Ten Commandments

19.

God of Our Fathers, Gods for Ourselves: Fundamentalism and Postmodern Belief

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, Vol. 18, pp. 901-914, 2010
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 18 Jun 2010
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 201 (170,813)

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death of God, fundamentalism, Religion Clauses, pluralism, politics, postmodern religion, postmodernism, spirituality

20.

Public, Private, Religious? Religious Freedom Restoration Acts in the U.S. States

Quaderni Costituzionali, No. 3 (Bologna: Il Mulino, 2015 Forthcoming), BYU Law Research Paper No. 15-17
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 24 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 196 (174,942)

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Culture Wars, Indiana RFRA, LGBT rights, public-private distinction, RFRA, religious exemptions, religious freedom, same-sex marriage

21.

Religious Experience in the Age of Digital Reproduction

St. John's Law Review, Vol. 79, pp. 127-60, 2005
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 17 Jun 2004 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks and Roger Hendrix
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School and Independent Consultant
Downloads 188 (181,638)

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Religious, Digital, Reproduction

22.

Narrative Pluralism and Doctrinal Incoherence in Hosanna-Tabor

64 Mercer Law Review 405 (2013)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 30 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 178 (190,680)

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Employment Division v. Smith, Establishment Clause structure, free exercise rights, Hosanna-Tabor, ministerial exception, religious exemptions, spirituality

23.

The Recurring Paradox of Groups in the Liberal State

Utah Law Review, p. 47, 2010
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 31 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 168 (200,442)

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family, group rights, groups, liberalism, privacy, religion, tax exemption

24.

Of Burdens and Baselines: Hobby Lobby's Puzzling Footnote 37

The Rise of Corporate Religious Liberty 323-41 (Oxford University Press, Chad Flanders, Zoe Robinson & Micah Schwartzman, eds. 2015), BYU Law Research Paper No. 15-10
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 13 May 2015 Last Revised: 09 Jan 2016
Frederick Mark Gedicks and Rebecca G. Van Tassell
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School and Independent
Downloads 167 (201,451)

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conraception mandate, Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause, Hobby Lobby, negative liberty, permissive accommodation, positive liberty, religious exemption, RFRA, RLUIPA, third-party burdens

25.

A Two-Track Theory of the Establishment Clause

Boston College Law Review, Vol. 43, pp. 1071-1109, 2002
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 18 Sep 2002 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 163 (205,576)

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Establishment Clause, Neutrality, Separation, Two-Track Theory

26.

Toward a Constitutional Jurisprudence of Religious Group Rights

Wisconsin Law Review, No. 1, pp. 99-169, 1989
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 21 Jan 2008
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 151 (219,251)

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religious group rights, law and religion, church and state, religious group autonomy, Amos, Dayton Christian Schools, paradox of groups, liberal power

27.

Rule of Law, Socially Constructed Reasons, and Marriage Equality

5 Journal of Law, Religion & State (2017), Forthcoming, BYU Law Research Paper No. 17-05
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 14 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 147 (224,097)

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Aristotle, dignitary harm, Gadamer, Heidegger, Kant, reason, religious accommodation, same-sex marriage, social construction, third-party harm

28.

Reconstructing the Blaine Amendments

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 16 Sep 2003
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 143 (229,008)

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Religion Clauses, Blaine Amendments, neutrality, aid to religion

29.

The Religious-Question Doctrine: Free-Exercise Right or Anti-Establishment Immunity?

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2016/10, BYU Law Research Paper No. 16-12
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 15 Mar 2016
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 136 (238,565)

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Disability, duty, free exercise rights, anti-establishment immunity, religious question doctrine, rights, structure

30.

Undoing Neutrality? From Separation to Tolerance in Establishment Clause Jurisprudence

46 Willamette Law Review, Vol. 46, No. 4, pp. 691-706, Summer 2010
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 07 May 2010 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 132 (244,213)

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acknowledgement, church/state, endorsement, Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause, government speech, Judeo-Christian, Kennedy, Kurland, separation, tolerance

31.

Fundamentalism, Spirituality, and Church-State Relations in the United States

MULTICULTURALISMS: DIFFERENT MEANINGS AND PERSPECTIVES OF MULTICULTURALISM IS A GLOBAL WORLD, Barbara Pozzo ed., Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2008
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 30 Jun 2008
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 115 (270,582)

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fundmantalism, spirituality, church-state, free exercise, establishment, postmodernism, religion

32.

No Man's Land: The Place of Latter-Day Saints in the Culture War

Poynter Center Monograph Pamphlet, February 1999
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 21 Jan 2008
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 111 (277,391)

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Mormons, Mormon church, Latter-day Saints, religious right, conservative Christians, Mormons as Christians

33.

The Establishment Clause Gag Reflex

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 18 Oct 2004
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 110 (279,123)

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Establishment Clause, legal realism, church and state

34.

Three Questions About Hybrid Rights and Religious Groups

Yale Law Journal Pocket Part, Vol. 117, p. 192, 2008
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 05 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 107 (284,634)

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group rights, religion clauses, hybrid rights, free exercise, religious expression, counter-terrorism

35.

Lautsi v. Italy: English Translations of Italian Trial and Appellate Decisions

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 30 Nov 2013
Frederick Mark Gedicks and Pasquale Annicchino
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School and European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS)
Downloads 104 (290,307)
Citation 2

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crucifix, European Court of Human Rights, Italy, Italian decisions, laicita, Lautsi, neutrality, religious symbols, secularism

36.

It's a Wonderful Originalism! Lawrence Solum and the Thesis of Immaculate Recovery

DPCE [Diritto Pubblico Comparato ed Europeo] Online 31:3 (Oct. 2017), 653-60, BYU Law Research Paper No. 17-26
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 25 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2018
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 100 (298,063)

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Gadamer, Heidegger, Hermeneutics, It’s a Wonderful Life, Originalism

37.

Lynch and the Lunacy of Secularized Religion

12 Nevada Law Journal (Forthcoming Summer 2012)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 98 (301,887)

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38.

Indeterminacy and the Establishment Clause

Constitutional Commentary, Vol. 25, p. 279, June 2009
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 25 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 91 (316,608)

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discourse, establishment clause, financial aid, indeterminacy, neutrality, religious communitarianism, religious symbols, rhetoric, secular individualism

39.

Dignity, History, and Religious-Group Rights

21 Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues 273 (2013)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 30 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 86 (328,020)

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Free Exercise Clause, freedom of the church, institutional free exercise, religion clauses, religious group rights

40.

Christian Dignity and the Overlapping Consensus

Brigham Young University Law Review, Forthcoming, BYU Law Research Paper No. 20-22
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 09 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2020
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 80 (342,541)

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human dignity, Christian dignity, Christian theology, universal human rights, natural law, metaphysics, religious pluralism, moral pluralism, conservatism

41.

Atmospheric Harms in Constitutional Law

Maryland Law Review, Vol 69, p. 149, 2009
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 17 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 80 (342,541)

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atmospheric harm, constitutional law, Establishment Clause, Free Exercise, Proposition 8, religion

42.

Public Life and Hostility to Religion

Virginia Law Review, Vol 78, pp. 671-96, 1992
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 11 Jul 2008
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 78 (347,670)

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43.

The 'Fixation Thesis' and Other Falsehoods

72 Florida Law Review 219 (2020), BYU Law Research Paper No. 19-11
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 03 May 2019 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2020
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 72 (363,744)

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Fixation, Gadamer, Hermeneutics, Interpretation, Originalism, Public Meaning, Constitution, Ontology

44.

Conservatives, Liberals, Romantics: The Persistent Quest for Certainty in Constitutional Interpretation

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 50, pp. 613-646,1997
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 10 Jul 2008
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 71 (366,510)

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Robert Bork, Hans-Georg Gadamer, hermenuetics, human sciences, constitutional interpretation, method, originalism, Michael Perry

45.

Towards a Defensible Free Exercise Doctrine

George Washington Law Review, Vol. 68, pp. 925-52, 2000
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Jul 2008
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 68 (375,182)

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Employment Division v. Smith, exemptions, freedom of religion, free exercise clause, free exercise doctrine, religious liberty

46.

Religions, Fragmentations, and Doctrinal Limits

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, Vol. 15, pp. 25-41, 2006
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Dec 2007
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 66 (381,118)

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Religion Clauses, pluralism, politics, postmodern religion

47.

Working Without a Net: Supreme Court Decision Making as Performance

BYU Law Research Paper No. 17-09
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 18 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 62 (393,574)
Citation 1

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Hans-Georg Gadamer, Erving Goffman, Hobby Lobby, performance theory, precedent, Richard Schechner, Smith

48.

True Lies: Canossa as Myth

21 Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues 133 (2013)
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 31 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 24 (558,671)

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Canossa, freedom of the church, Henry, myth, Pope Gregory, separation of church and state

49.

Dignity and Discrimination

Brigham Young University Law Review, 2021 Forthcoming, BYU Law Research Paper No. 20-29
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 17 Nov 2020
Frederick Mark Gedicks
Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 23 (564,921)

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dignity, religious accommodation, constitutional law, religious conscience, public sphere, private sphere