Richard Schragger

University of Virginia School of Law

580 Massie Road

Charlottesville, VA 22903

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

52

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30

CROSSREF CITATIONS

18

Scholarly Papers (52)

1.

Religious Freedom and Abortion

108 Iowa L. Rev. 2299 (2023); Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 02 Nov 2022 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2023
Micah Schwartzman and Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,201 (32,680)

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religious freedom, abortion, free exercise, Establishment Clause, Supreme Court

2.

The Attack on American Cities

University of Texas School of Law, Texas Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-46
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 28 Aug 2017
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 700 (68,796)
Citation 2

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preemption, cities, municipal law, states, federalism, anti-urbanism, sanctuary cities, home rule, Trump

3.

The Anti-Chain Store Movement, Localist Ideology, and the Remnants of the Progressive Constitution, 1920-1940

Number of pages: 84 Posted: 29 Jun 2005
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 654 (75,071)
Citation 1

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chain stores, Brandeis, anti-trust, Lochner, Progressivism, Constitution, legal history, Great Depression, localism, Wal-Mart, anti-chain store movement, New Deal, monopoly, Curse of Bigness, consumers, producers

4.

Against Religious Institutionalism

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 99, No. 5, 2013, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-62
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 26 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 26 Aug 2013
Richard Schragger and Micah Schwartzman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 642 (76,865)

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church and state, free exercise clause, freedom of the church, religion, ministerial exception

5.

When Do Religious Accommodations Burden Others?

The Conscience Wars: Rethinking the Balance between Religion, Identity, and Equality (Susanna Mancini & Michel Rosenfeld eds., Cambridge Univ. Press, 2017 Forthcoming), Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-25, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2016-44
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 26 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 10 Aug 2016
Nelson Tebbe, Micah Schwartzman and Richard Schragger
Cornell Law School, University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 580 (87,307)

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6.

City Power: Urban Governance in a Global Age: Introduction - Cities, Capital, and Constitutions

City Power: Urban Governance in a Global Age (Oxford 2016), Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2016-10, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2016-48
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 28 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2016
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 579 (87,511)

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city, urban policy, federalism, redistribution, living wage, urban resurgence, local government law, urban politics

7.

How Much May Religious Accommodations Burden Others?

in Law, Religion, and Health in the United States (Elizabeth Sepper, Holly Fernandez Lynch, and I. Glenn Cohen, ed., Cambridge Univ. Press, 2017 Forthcoming), Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-25, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2016-43
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 10 Aug 2016
Nelson Tebbe, Micah Schwartzman and Richard Schragger
Cornell Law School, University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 516 (101,060)
Citation 2

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religious freedom, free exercise, establishment clause, civil rights

8.

The Costs of Conscience

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-14, Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-35, 106 Kentucky Law Journal 881 (2018)
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 05 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2018
Micah Schwartzman, Nelson Tebbe and Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law, Cornell Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 495 (106,357)

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religious liberty, freedom of conscience, third-party harm, constitutional rights

9.

The Perils Of Land Use Deregulation

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2021-11, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2021-20
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 07 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2022
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 487 (108,444)
Citation 2

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land use, local government law, preemption, fair housing, affordable housing, zoning

10.

Some Realism about Corporate Rights

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-43
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 27 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 28 Jul 2016
Richard Schragger and Micah Schwartzman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 483 (109,490)
Citation 2

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religious liberty, contraception mandate, corporations, churches, group rights, corporate personality, free exercise, legal realism, H.L.A. Hart, John Dewey

11.

Rethinking the Theory and Practice of Local Economic Development

University of Chicago Law Review, 2009, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2009-09
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 18 Apr 2010
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 464 (114,849)

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cities, economic development, local government, location subsidies, new economic geography

12.

Jews, Not Pagans

San Diego Law Review, Vol. 56, No. 2, 2019, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-67
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 14 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 05 Feb 2020
Richard Schragger and Micah Schwartzman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 452 (118,477)

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Christian, Pagan, Jew, secularism, liberalism, religion, First Amendment

13.

Religious Antiliberalism and the First Amendment

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-37, Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 104, 2019
Number of pages: 88 Posted: 28 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2020
Richard Schragger and Micah Schwartzman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 448 (119,658)

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illiberalism, liberalism, religion, church and state, religion clauses, First Amendment, Free Exercise Clause, Establishment Clause, Supreme Court

14.

Federalism, Metropolitanism, and the Problem of States

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 105, 2019 , Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-28
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 07 May 2019 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2020
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 429 (125,938)

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federalism, states, cities, metropolitanism, fiscal federalism, preemption, sorting, agglomeration

15.

Decentralization and Development

Virginia Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-31, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2010-13
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 23 Oct 2010
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 382 (143,727)

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16.

Mobile Capital, Local Economic Regulation, and the Democratic City

Harvard Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2009-03
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 17 Sep 2009
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 375 (146,808)
Citation 5

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local government, minimum wage, living wage, anti-chain store, city, mobile capital, globalization, Wal Mart, community benefit agreements

17.

Democracy and Debt

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 121, p. 860, 2012, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-01
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 14 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 19 Mar 2012
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 347 (159,879)

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state bankruptcy, bailouts, budget crises, fiscal constitution, debt crises, sovereign debt, municipal debt, state debt

18.

Can Strong Mayors Empower Weak Cities? On the Power of Local Executives in a Federal System

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 116, 2006
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 02 Jun 2006
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 345 (160,866)
Citation 1

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cities, mayors, federalism, executive, municipal, strong mayor, mayor-council, council-manager, local government

19.

The Political Economy of City Power

Forthcoming 44 Fordham Urban Law Journal ___ (2017), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-21, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2017-09
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 28 Apr 2017
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 334 (166,577)

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cities, sanctuary cities, federalism, municipal bankruptcy, municipal receivership, the “right to the city”, regionalism, home rule, state-local relations, urban resurgence, municipal minimum wage

20.

Reestablishing Religion

91 U. CHI. L. REV. (forthcoming 2024), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2024-18
Number of pages: 85 Posted: 21 Feb 2024
Richard Schragger, Micah Schwartzman and Nelson Tebbe
University of Virginia School of Law, University of Virginia School of Law and Cornell Law School
Downloads 326 (171,002)

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religious freedom, disestablishment, free exercise, Religion Clauses, First Amendment, political economy, structural preferentialism

21.

Is a Progressive City Possible? Reviving Urban Liberalism for the Twenty-First Century

Harvard Law & Policy Review, Vol. 7, p. 901, 2013, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-22
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 20 Jul 2013
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 321 (173,861)

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city, urban policy, right to the city, urban resurgence, inequality, urban liberalism, federalism, labor, living wage

22.

The City in the Future of Federalism

Cities in Federal Constitutional Theory (Oxford University Press, 2022), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2021-48
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Oct 2021
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 313 (178,443)

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federalism, cities, preemption, urbanization, subsidiarity, decentralization

23.

The Limits of Localism

Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 298003
Number of pages: 108 Posted: 26 Jan 2002
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 268 (209,557)

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24.

Confederate Monuments and Punitive Preemption: The Latest Assault on Local Democracy

Local Solutions Support Center, October 2019, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-54
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 02 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2020
Richard Schragger and C. Alex Retzloff
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 265 (211,930)

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preemption, Confederate monuments, statue statutes, states, cities, First Amendment, Equal Protection

25.

Do Local Governments Really Have Too Much Power? Understanding the National League of Cities’ Principles of Home Rule for the Twenty-First Century

North Carolina Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2021-46
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 30 Sep 2021
Nestor M. Davidson and Richard Schragger
Fordham University School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 253 (221,905)
Citation 1

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state and local government law, home rule, state constitutions, cities

26.

Cities, Economic Development, and the Free Trade Constitution

Virginia Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 20 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2010
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 253 (221,905)

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Cities, local government, land use, property, dormant commerce clause, common market, takings clause, constitutional law

27.

The Role of the Local in the Doctrine and Discourse of Religious Liberty

UVA School of Law, Public Law Working Paper No. 03-18
Number of pages: 102 Posted: 09 Dec 2003
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 249 (225,457)
Citation 1

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28.

Cities as Constitutional Actors: The Case of Same-Sex Marriage

Virginia Journal of Law & Politics, 2005
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 14 Jul 2005
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 245 (229,049)
Citation 1

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Same-Sex Marriage, constitutional law, local government law, equal protection, municipal corporations

29.

Principles of Home Rule for the Twenty-First Century

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-16, National League of Cities. February 12, 2020., Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3539617
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 19 Feb 2020 Last Revised: 10 Aug 2022
Columbia Law School, Fordham University School of Law, Willamette University College of Law, Northern Illinois University - College of Law, University of Illinois College of Law, Arizona State University (ASU) - Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, University of Virginia School of Law and University of North Carolina School of Law
Downloads 241 (232,778)
Citation 1

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state and local government law, state constitutional law, local government law, cities, urban law, home rule, preemption

30.

The Failure of Home Rule Reform in Virginia: Race, Localism, and the Constitution of 1971

Essays on the Constitution of Virginia (University of Virginia Press 2021), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-35
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Apr 2020
Richard Schragger and C. Alex Retzloff
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 237 (236,617)
Citation 2

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Virginia, home rule, Dillon’s Rule, state constitutional law, local government law, Jefferson

31.

San Antonio v. Rodriguez and the Legal Geography of School Finance Reform

CIVIL RIGHTS STORIES, Myriam Gilles & Risa Goluboff, eds., 2008
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 15 Apr 2010
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 233 (240,502)

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Legal History, Equal Protection, Supreme Court, Justice Powell, School Finance Reform, San Antonio

32.

The Relative Irrelevance of the Establishment Clause

Texas Law Review, Vol. 89, p. 583, 2011, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-15
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 22 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2011
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 227 (246,611)

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First Amendment, church-state, Establishment Clause, religion

33.

Lost in Translation: A Dilemma for Freedom of the Church

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-04, Journal of Contemporary Legal issues, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 19 Apr 2013
Richard Schragger and Micah Schwartzman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 222 (251,810)

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free exercise clause, establishment clause, religion, freedom of the church, church and state, institutions

34.

Of Crosses and Confederate Monuments: A Theory of Unconstitutional Government Speech

Arizona Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-56
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 12 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 11 Feb 2021
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 205 (271,241)

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government speech, crosses, Confederate iconography, Supreme Court, Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause, Equal Protection Clause, expressive equal treatment, expressive theories of law

35.

Slipping from Secularism

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2022-75
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 02 Nov 2022
Micah Schwartzman and Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 187 (294,726)

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religious freedom, exemptions, First Amendment, secularism, liberalism, egalitarianism

36.

The Politics of Free Exercise After Employment Division v. Smith: Same-Sex Marriage, the 'War on Terror,' and Religious Freedom

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 07 Apr 2011
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 183 (300,395)
Citation 1

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Free Exercise Clause, religion, Same-sex marriage, war on terror, Smith, RFRA, RLUIPA, Supreme Court

37.

The Last Progressive: Justice Breyer, Heller, and 'Judicial Judgment'

Syracuse Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 21 Oct 2008
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 176 (310,926)

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Constitutional Law, Supreme Court, Gun rights

38.

Localism All the Way Up: Federalism, State-City Conflict, and the Urban-Rural Divide

Wisconsin Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2021-45
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 Sep 2021
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 175 (312,494)

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federalism, urban policy, city, local government law, state constitutions

39.

Establishment Clause Inversion in the Bladensburg Cross Case

ACS Supreme Court Review 2018-2019, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-55
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 04 Oct 2019
Richard Schragger and Micah Schwartzman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 172 (317,357)

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Establishment Clause, Religion, Supreme Court, Cross, Free Exercise Clause, Christian Preferentialism

40.

When White Supremacists Invade a City

104 Va. L. Rev. Online 58 (2018), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-03
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 25 Jan 2018
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 170 (320,534)

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Charlottesville, White Supremacists, Municipality, City Power, Federalism, Gun Control, Confederate Monuments, Municipal Speech

41.

What Is 'Government' 'Speech'? The Case of Confederate Monuments

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-34
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Apr 2020
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 167 (325,458)

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First Amendment, free speech, government speech, equal protection, Confederate monuments, constitutional law

42.

Citizens versus Bondholders

Fordham Urban Law Journal, Vol. 39, p. 787, 2012, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-42, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2012-08
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 23 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2012
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 166 (327,133)
Citation 1

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municipal default, bankruptcy, cities, bondholders, local government, local economic development

43.

Does Governance Matter? The Case of Business Improvement Districts and the Urban Resurgence

Drexel Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-32, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2010-14
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Oct 2010
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 163 (332,353)

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44.

The Progressive City

The Eleventh Annual Liman Public Interest Colloquium, 2010, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2009-16
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 11 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2009
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 162 (334,115)

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cities, progressive, federalism, decentralization

45.

Obama’s Court?

Forthcoming, The Presidency of Barack Obama: A First Historical Assessment (Julian E. Zelizer, Ed.) (Princeton University Press), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-43
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 19 Aug 2017
Risa L. Goluboff and Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 113 (443,002)

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Supreme Court, President Obama, Judiciary, Scalia, Garland, Gorsuch, New Deal Settlement, Affordable Care Act

46.

Cities, Not States

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2023-29
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 03 Apr 2023 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2023
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 91 (514,030)

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local government law, federalism, fiscal federalism, cities, urban law and policy, rural/urban divide, preemption

47.

Do Investors Care About Municipal Debtors’ Access to Bankruptcy? Evidence from Bond Disclosures

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2023-13, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2023-04
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 15 Feb 2023
Mitu Gulati and Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 85 (536,176)

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municipal bonds, bankruptcy, securities, bond market, disclosure, Chapter 9

48.

Canvassing Boards

Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 298005
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 26 Jan 2002
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 79 (560,210)
Citation 4

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49.

Seeing Like a Region

Theoretical Inquiries in Law (2023), forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2023-38
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 01 May 2023
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 70 (599,489)

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regionalism, local government law, land use, housing

50.

The Cross, the Confederate, and the Constitution

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2023-30
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 03 Apr 2023
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 47 (724,909)

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First Amendment, church-state, constitutional law, compelled speech, equal protection, government speech, Confederate monuments, religious symbols

51.

Consuming Government

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 101, No. 6, 2003, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 07 Mar 2019
Richard Schragger
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 24 (903,817)

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Local Government Law, Tiebout, home ownership, suburbs, city, consumer-voters, homevoters, zoning, land use, economic development

52.

Underdevelopment Despite Upzoning

Virginia Environmental Law Journal, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2024-35, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2024-16
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 15 Apr 2024
Richard Schragger and Sarah New
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 5 (1,083,952)

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zoning, land use, rents, housing affordability, local government, upzoning, densification