Mark A. Pollack

Temple University - Department of Political Science

461 Gladfelter Hall

Philadelphia, PA 19122

United States

Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law

1719 N. Broad Street

Philadelphia, PA 19122

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

44

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88

Scholarly Papers (44)

1.

Hard vs. Soft Law: Alternatives, Complements and Antagonists in International Governance

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 94, pp. 706-99, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-23
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 03 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2010
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 3,532 (3,032)
Citation 5

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hard and soft law, power and international law, WTO, dispute settlement, prisoners dilemma

2.

Theorizing the European Union: Realist, Intergovernmentalist and Institutionalist Approaches

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 09 Jun 2010
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 2,585 (5,154)

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European Union, European integration, realism, liberal intergovernmentalism, institutionalism

3.

How Hard and Soft Law Interact in International Regulatory Governance: Alternatives, Complements and Antagonists

SYSTEMIC IMPLICATIONS OF TRANSATLANTIC REGULATORY COOPERATION AND COMPETITION, Simon Evenett & Robert Stern, eds., World Scientific, 2010, Society of International Economic Law (SIEL) Inaugural Conference 2008 Paper
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 08 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 22 Jun 2010
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 1,453 (13,296)
Citation 7

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Hard law, Soft law, Hard and soft law, International governance, International regulatory governance, Legal positivism, Political economy, International legal instruments, International law

4.

Hard and Soft Law: What Have We Learned?

in International Law and International Relations: Insights from Interdisciplinary Scholarship, Jeffrey L. Dunoff and Mark A. Pollack (eds.),(New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-17
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 25 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 03 May 2012
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 1,184 (18,232)
Citation 2

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hard law, soft law, institutional design, fragmentation, compliance

5.

International Law and International Relations: Introducing an Interdisciplinary Dialogue

Jeffrey L. Dunoff and Mark A. Pollack, eds., Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations: The State of the Art (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012 (Forthcoming)), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper Series 2012-18
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 04 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2012
Jeffrey L. Dunoff and Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 1,015 (22,921)

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international law, international relations, interdisciplinary, international legal theory, legalization, regime design, institutionalism, constructivism

6.

Rational Choice and EU Politics

ARENA Working Paper No. 12
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 01 Sep 2007
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 759 (34,543)
Citation 3

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European Union, rational choice, constructivism, legislative politics, enlargement

7.

Reversing Field: What Can International Relations Learn from International Law?

Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-14
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 09 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 26 Aug 2015
Jeffrey L. Dunoff and Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 648 (42,869)
Citation 4

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International law, international relations, interdisciplinary, international legal theory

8.

Principal-Agent Analysis and International Delegation: Red Herrings, Theoretical Clarifications and Empirical Disputes

Bruges Political Research Paper No. 2
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 01 Sep 2007
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 553 (52,612)
Citation 13

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delegation, principal, agent, trustee, authority, European Union

9.

Institutionalism and European Integration

Mark A. Pollack. “Institutionalism and European Integration,” in Antje Wiener, Tanja Börzel, and Thomas Risse, European Integration Theory, 3rd edition (New York: Oxford University Press, February 2019 Forthcoming).
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 06 Aug 2018
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 521 (56,694)

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European Union, European integration, rational choice, historical institutionalism, financial crisis

10.

The Interaction of Formal and Informal Lawmaking

INFORMAL INTERNATIONAL LAWMAKING, Joost Pauwelyn, R. Wessel & Jan Wouters, eds., Oxford University Press, 2012, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-10
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 18 Feb 2012
Mark A. Pollack and Gregory Shaffer
Temple University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 498 (59,993)
Citation 1

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informal international law, hard and soft law, power and international law, WTO, dispute settlement, prisoners dilemma

11.

Hard Versus Soft Law in International Security

Boston College Law Review, Vol. 52, pp. 1147, 2011, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-13
Number of pages: 97 Posted: 21 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2011
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 491 (61,085)

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hard law, soft law, progressive development of international law, fragmentation of international law, regime complexes, international law and politics, dispute settlement, prisoners dilemma

12.

U.S. Threats to the WTO Appellate Body

I. Will the US Undermine the World Trade Organization? Huffington Post, May 23, 2016, II. The U.S. is Causing a Major Controversy in the World Trade Organization, Washington Post, June 6, 2016, III. Trump is Fighting an Open War on Trade, Washington Post, September 27, 2017, IV. The Slow Killing of the World Trade Organization, Huffington Post, November 11, 2017, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2018-01
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 14 Dec 2017
Gregory Shaffer, Manfred Elsig and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law, University of Bern and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 464 (65,494)

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13.

The Future of Transatlantic Economic Relations: Continuity Amid Discord

Journal of the European Consortium for Political Research, pp. 62-28, 2006
Number of pages: 318 Posted: 28 Dec 2006 Last Revised: 23 May 2011
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 413 (75,488)

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International, International Law, International Economic Law, Transatlantic Relations, Comparative Law, Law & Society

14.

Delegation, Agency and Agenda Setting in the Treaty of Amsterdam

European Integration online Papers (EIoP), Vol. 3, No. 6, April 29, 1999
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 11 Mar 2002
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 374 (84,630)
Citation 5

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European integration, agency theory, agenda-setting, comitology, European Commission, European Court of Justice, European Parliament, IGC 1996, institutionalism, Amsterdam Treaty, political science

15.

The New EU Legal History: What's New, What's Missing?

American University International Law Review, 2013, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-09
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 27 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2013
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 369 (85,947)

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European Court of Justice, European Union, legal integration, legal history, judicial independence, international law, international courts

16.

Living in a Material World: A Critique of ‘Normative Power Europe’

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 09 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 18 May 2020
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 367 (86,484)
Citation 1

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European Union, foreign policy, Common Foreign and Security Policy, norms

17.

The Judicial Trilemma

American Journal of International Law, Forthcoming, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-05
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 19 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2017
Jeffrey L. Dunoff and Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 361 (88,162)
Citation 4

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International courts, institutional design, judicial politics, judicial independence, accountability, transparency, Trilemma

18.

The Legitimacy of the Court of Justice of the European Union

Mark A. Pollack, "The Legitimacy of the Court of Justice of the European Union," in Harlan Cohen and Nienke Grossman, eds., Legitimacy and International Courts (Cambridge University Press, Forthcoming).
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 06 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 26 Feb 2017
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 360 (88,421)
Citation 1

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Legitimacy, Courts, International Courts, European Court of Justice, European Union, Public Opinion, Judicial Activism, Openness

19.

Reviewing Two Decades of IL/IR Scholarship: What We've Learned, What's Next

INTERDISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVES ON INTERNATIONAL LAW AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: THE STATE OF THE ART, Jeffrey L. Dunoff and Mark A. Pollack, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2012, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2012-22
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 12 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2013
Jeffrey L. Dunoff and Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 348 (91,961)

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international law, international relations, interdisciplinary, international legal theory, legalization, regime design, institutionalism, constructivism

20.

The European Union’s Democratic Deficit: Diagnoses, Prognoses, and Reforms

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Sep 2009
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 334 (96,227)
Citation 2

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European Union, democracy, politicization, deliberation, administrative law

21.

A Truce in the Transatlantic Food Fight: The United States, the European Union, and Genetically Modified Foods in the Obama Years

Number of pages: 72 Posted: 19 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2014
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 332 (96,896)
Citation 1

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United States, European Union, genetically modified foods, genetically modified organisms, biotechnology, regulation, risk regulation, World Trade Organization, Codex Alimentarius Commission

22.

Is International Relations Corrosive of International Law? A Reply to Martti Koskenniemi

Temple International & Comparative Law Journal, Vol. 27, No. 2, 2013
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 05 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2013
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 262 (124,978)

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international law, international relations, international legal theory, realism, liberalism, epistemology

23.

Reconciling (or Failing to Reconcile) Regulatory Differences: The Ongoing Transatlantic Dispute Over the Regulation of Biotechnology

Workshop on the New Transatlantic Agenda and the Future of Trnasatlantic Economic Governance, European University Institute, Florence, June 18-19, 2004
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 07 Jan 2007
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 236 (138,885)

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International, International Economic Law, International Law, Transatlantic Relations, Comparative Law, Law & Society

24.

Political Science and International Courts

Oxford Handbook of International Adjudication, Cesare Romano, Karen Alter and Yuval Shany, eds., Oxford University Press, 2014, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 20 Apr 2013
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 233 (140,596)

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International courts, adjudication, litigation, realism, institutionalism, liberalism, constructivism, International Court of Justice, European Court of Justice, World Trade Organization

25.

Who Governs Transatlantic Relations

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer, TRANSATLANTIC GOVERNANCE IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY, Rowman & Littlefield, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-26
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 May 2010 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2010
Mark A. Pollack and Gregory Shaffer
Temple University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 208 (156,732)
Citation 3

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Transatlantic Governance, transgovernmental, transnational, intergovernmental, networks, public-private hybrids, New Transatlantic Agenda, civil society

26.

International Trade and Risk Regulation: Whatever Happened to the Transatlantic Gmo Conflict?

APSA 2013 Annual Meeting Paper, American Political Science Association 2013 Annual Meeting
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 27 Aug 2013
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 190 (170,407)

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United States, European Union, genetically modified foods, genetically modified organisms, biotechnology, regulation, risk regulation, World Trade Organization, Codex Alimentarius Commission

27.

Introduction: Transatlantic Governance in Historical and Theoretical Perspective

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer, TRANSATLANTIC GOVERNANCE IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY, Rowman & Littlefield, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-25
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 May 2010 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2010
Mark A. Pollack and Gregory Shaffer
Temple University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 189 (171,242)
Citation 3

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Transatlantic Governance, transgovernmental, transnational, intergovernmental, networks, public-private hybrids, New Transatlantic Agenda, civil society

28.

Transparency in Qualitative Research: An Overview of Key Findings and Recommendations (Introduction to Working Paper Series: Qualitative Transparency Deliberations, Working Group Final Reports)

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 07 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 02 Mar 2020
University of British Columbia (UBC), Technische Universität München (TUM) - School of Governance - Hochschule für Politik, Northwestern University, UC Berkeley, Brandeis University, Georgetown University - Department of Government, University of Louisville, Middlebury College, University of Texas, Austin, London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), Columbia University - Department of Political Science, University of Missouri, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick/Piscataway, University of Connecticut, University of Wisconsin - Madison - Department of Political Science, New York University (NYU), University of Montreal, University of New Mexico, Villanova University - Department of Political Science, London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Indiana University - Department of Political Science, City University of New York - Department of Political Science, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill, Vassar College, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Political Science, George Washington University, University of Minnesota - Minneapolis - Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Oregon, Northwestern University, Judd A. and Marjorie Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Political Science, Students, Temple University - Department of Political Science, Case Western Reserve University, Northwestern University, University of Toronto, Central European University (CEU), Hunter College, University of Sheffield, University of Wisconsin - Madison, American University - School of Public Affairs, Temple University, City College of New York, Division of Politics, Administration and Justice, Stockholm University - Department of Political Science, Colgate University, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers University, Newark, Utrecht University School of Governance, University of Chicago, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Yale University and Princeton University
Downloads 186 (173,749)
Citation 1

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qualitative methods, research transparency, research ethics, deliberation

29.

Member-State Principals, Supranational Agents, and the EU Budgetary Process, 1970-2008

Number of pages: 67 Posted: 13 Aug 2008
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 180 (178,852)
Citation 4

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European Union, budget, European Parliament, European Commission, Treaty of Lisbon

30.

The New, New Sovereigntism (Or, How the Europe Union Became Disenchanted with International Law and Defiantly Protective of Its Domestic Legal Order)

Chiara Giorgetti and Guglielmo Verdirame, eds., Concepts on International Law in Europe and the United States (Cambridge University Press, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 24 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 01 May 2017
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 179 (179,810)

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European Union, international law, European Parliament, European Court of Justice, sovereigtism, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, World Trade Organization

31.

Who Supports International Law, and Why? The United States, the European Union, and International Law

The International Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2015, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 02 Aug 2015
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 174 (184,338)

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International law, treaties, United States, European Union, human rights, trade, international criminal law, environmental law, courts

32.

Introduction and Overview: Biotechnology, Risk Regulation, and the Failure of Cooperation

M. Pollack & G. Shaffer, WHEN COOPERATION FAILS: THE INTERNATIONAL LAW AND POLITICS OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS, p. 1, Oxford University Press, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-62
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 28 Oct 2010
Mark A. Pollack and Gregory Shaffer
Temple University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 157 (201,318)

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International Cooperation, Transnational Legal Process, Transatlantic Relations, Genetically Modified Foods and Crops, Transgovernmental Networks, Forum Shopping, WTO, Fragmentation of International Law

33.

Mainstreaming Gender in the European Union: Getting the Incentives Right

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 22 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2015
Emilie Marie Hafner-Burton and Mark A. Pollack
UCSD School of Global Policy and Strategy and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 155 (203,482)
Citation 4

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gender, mainstreaming, European Union, European Commission, equal opportunities, women

34.

Constructivism, Social Psychology, and Elite Attitude Change: Lessons from an Exhausted Research Program

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 31 May 2012
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 151 (207,934)
Citation 9

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European Union, international organizations, elites, socialization, attitude change, identity, self-selection

35.

Europe United? The Impact of the EU’s Eastern Enlargement, Five Years on

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 23 Nov 2009
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 135 (227,546)
Citation 1

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European Union, enlargement, central and eastern Europe, institutions, European Commission, Council of the European Union

36.

Learning from EU Law Stories: The European Court and its Interlocutors Revisited

Mark A. Pollack, "Learning from EU Law Stories: The European Court and Its Interlocutors Revisited," in Bill Davies and Fernanda Nicola, eds., EU law Stories: Contextual and Critical Histories of European Jurisprudence (Cambridge University Press, 2016) Forthcoming
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2016
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 128 (237,167)
Citation 1

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European Court of Justice, European Union, European Union law, law and society, law in context, legal history, European Commission

37.

Risk Regulation, GMOs, and the Limits of Deliberation

The European Union Council of Ministers (eds. Daniel Naurin & Helen Wallace) (Palgrave MacMillan), pages 144-164, 2008, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-35
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 22 Aug 2013
Mark A. Pollack and Gregory Shaffer
Temple University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 122 (245,922)

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risk regulation, GMOs, environmental law and policy

38.

Evidence from Researcher Interactions with Human Participants

American Political Science Association Organized Section for Qualitative and Multi-Method Research, Qualitative Transparency Deliberations, Working Group Final Reports, Report II.2 (December 2018)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 15 Feb 2019
University of Sheffield, Temple University - Department of Political Science and UC Berkeley
Downloads 85 (313,802)

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qualitative methods, research transparency, human subjects, interviews, ethnography, Qualitative Transparency Deliberations

39.

Mainstreaming International Governance: The Environment, Gender, and IO Performance in the European Union

Review of International Organizations, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 285-313
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 11 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 08 Sep 2010
Mark A. Pollack and Emilie Marie Hafner-Burton
Temple University - Department of Political Science and UCSD School of Global Policy and Strategy
Downloads 67 (359,586)

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International Organizations, Cross-Cutting Mandates, European Union, Gender Mainstreaming, Environmental Policy, European Commission

40.

Trump’s Dilemma: Explaining the President’s War on His Own Executive Branch

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Feb 2019
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 50 (413,643)

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Principal-Agent, Governor's Dilemma, Donald Trump, State Department, Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Intelligence Agencies

41.

Summary: Evidence from Research with Human Participants

American Political Science Association Organized Section for Qualitative and Multi-Method Research, Qualitative Transparency Deliberations, Working Group Final Reports, Report II.2S (December 2018)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 15 Feb 2019
University of Sheffield, Temple University - Department of Political Science and UC Berkeley
Downloads 48 (420,872)

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qualitative methods, research transparency, human subjects, interviews, ethnography, Qualitative Transparency Deliberations

42.

Interdisciplinary Dialogue in Goodman and Jinks’ Socializing States

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 02 Aug 2009
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 45 (432,191)

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international law, socialization, acculturation, human rights, regimes

43.

The New Transatlantic Agenda at Ten: Reflections on an Experiment in International Governance

Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 43, No. 5, pp. 899-919, December 2005
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 22 Dec 2005
Mark A. Pollack
Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 27 (513,962)
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44.

Agents, Trustees, and International Courts: The Politics of Judicial Appointment at the World Trade Organization

Posted: 11 Jun 2011 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2013
Manfred Elsig and Mark A. Pollack
University of Bern and Temple University - Department of Political Science

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international law, international courts, judicial appointment, World Trade Organization, principal-agent, trustee