Michael W. Carroll

American University Washington College of Law

Professor of Law and Director, Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property

4300 Nebraska Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20016

United States

http://www.wcl.american.edu/faculty/mcarroll/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

21

DOWNLOADS
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7,014

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 16,541

in Total Papers Citations

26

CROSSREF CITATIONS

40

Scholarly Papers (21)

1.

Whose Music is it Anyway? How We Came to View Musical Expression as a Form of Property

Number of pages: 93 Posted: 08 Dec 2003
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 1,117 (27,884)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Copyright, Legal History, Music, Property

2.

Creative Commons as Conversational Copyright

Villanova Law/Public Policy Research Paper No. 2007-8, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND INFORMATION WEALTH: ISSUES AND PRACTICES IN THE DIGITAL AGE, Peter K. Yu, ed., Vol. 1, pp. 445-61, Praeger, 2007
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 09 Apr 2007
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 989 (33,159)

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Copyright, Commons, Creative Commons, Property, Relevance

3.

Fixing Fair Use

North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 85, 2007, Villanova Law/Public Policy Research Paper No. 2006-21
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 16 Nov 2006 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2007
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 832 (42,207)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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copyright, fair use, rules and standards, advisory opinions, free speech

4.

The Struggle for Music Copyright

Villanova Law/Public Policy Research Paper No. 2005-7
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 16 Mar 2005
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 623 (61,761)

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music copyright, copyright law, property rights

Implementing User Rights for Research in the Field of Artificial Intelligence: A Call for International Action

European Intellectual Property Review 2020, Vol. 42, Issue 7, 393-398., American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2020-12
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 16 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 28 Oct 2021
American University - Washington College of Law, Luiss Guido Carli University, University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR), Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP), Faculty of Law - KU Leuven, Emory University- Law School, Schulich School of Law and American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 570 (68,652)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Copyright, artificial intelligence, machine learning, text and data mining, user rights, limitations and exceptions, research

Implementing User Rights for Research in the Field of Artificial Intelligence: A Call for International Action

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series no. 48
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 Nov 2021
American University - Washington College of Law, Luiss Guido Carli University, University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR), Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP), Faculty of Law - KU Leuven, Emory University- Law School, Schulich School of Law and American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 50 (541,718)

Abstract:

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intellectual property, artificial intelligence, text and data mining

6.

Creative Commons and the New Intermediaries

Michigan State Law Review, Vol. 45, 2006, Villanova Law/Public Policy Research Paper No. 2005-13
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 18 Aug 2005 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2007
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 596 (65,343)

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Creative Commons, copyright, Semantic Web, XML, machine-readable

7.

Disruptive Technology and Common Law Lawmaking: A Brief Analysis of A&M Records, Inc. V. Napster, Inc.

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 10 Feb 2003
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 307 (141,164)
Citation 29

Abstract:

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Cyberlaw, Intellectual Property, Copyright, Napster

8.

The Movement for Open Access Law - Symposium

Lewis & Clark Law Review, Vol. 10, 2006, Villanova Law/Public Policy Research Paper No. 2006-11
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Jul 2006 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2007
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 290 (149,862)
Citation 2

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open access, copyright, legal scholarship

9.

One for All: The Problem of Uniformity Cost in Intellectual Property Law

American University Law Review, Vol. 55, 2006, Villanova Law/Public Policy Research Paper No. 2005-17
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 11 Oct 2005 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2007
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 285 (152,428)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Patent, copyright, intellectual property, law and economics, property

10.

Evaluating the Benefits of Fair Use: A Response to the PWC Report on the Costs and Benefits of 'Fair Use'

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 May 2016
American University - Washington College of Law, American University Washington College of Law, American University - Washington College of Law, American University - Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property, The University of Sydney Law School and University of Toronto - Faculty of Law
Downloads 274 (158,671)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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fair use, copyright limitations and exceptions, economics

11.

Copyright and the Progress of Science: Why Text and Data Mining Is Lawful

53 UC Davis Law Review 893, 2019, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2020-15
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 15 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2020
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 267 (162,938)

Abstract:

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intellectual property law, text and data mining

12.

One Size Does Not Fit All: A Framework for Tailoring Intellectual Property Rights

Ohio State Law Journal, Vol. 70, No. 6, 2009 , American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2010-07
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 06 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 14 May 2014
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 235 (184,402)

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Patent, Copyright, Intellectual Property, Tailoring, Uniformity Cost, Appropriability, Information Theory

13.

Patent Injunctions and the Problem of Uniformity Cost

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review, Vol. 13, p. 421, 2007, Villanova Law/Public Policy Research Paper No. 2007-14
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 10 Jun 2007
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 145 (281,286)

Abstract:

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Patent, Intellectual Property, Injunction, uniformity cost, one-size-fits-all

14.

Copyright’s Creative Hierarchy in the Performing Arts

14 Vand. J. Ent. & Tech. L. 797 (2012), American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2012-25
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 08 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2012
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 127 (311,507)

Abstract:

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Copyright law, performing arts

15.

Pinterest and Copyright's Safe Harbors for Internet Providers

68 University of Miami Law Review, 422 (2014), American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2014-2
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 27 Feb 2014
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 102 (362,854)

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copyright, Digital Millenium Copyright Act, safe harbor, internet providers

16.

A Realist Approach to Copyright Law's Formalities

28 Berkeley Technology Law Journal 1511 (2013), American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2014-34
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Jun 2014
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 53 (518,884)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Copyright Law, formalities

17.

Intellectual Property and Related Rights in Climate Data

Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Climate Change (2016). , American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2016-17
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 13 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2016
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 52 (523,248)

Abstract:

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intellectual property, research data

18.

Sharing Research Data and Intellectual Property Law: A Primer

PLOS Biology 13(8) (2015), American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2016-18
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 13 Apr 2016
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 52 (523,248)

Abstract:

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intellectual property rights, research data

19.

Rules of Engagement: Copyright and Automated Gatekeepers’ Influence on Creative Expression

52 Seton Hall Law Review 1137 (2022)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 22 Jul 2022
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 27 (659,772)

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copyright law, artifical intelligence, algorithmic gatekeeping

20.

Why Full Open Access Matters

PLOS Biology 9(11) (2011)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 13 Apr 2016
Michael W. Carroll
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 21 (705,360)

Abstract:

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open access publication

21.

Copyright Law: Eleventh Edition

Carolina Academic Press (2020), U of Houston Law Center No. 2020-A-32
Posted: 01 Jul 2020
Craig Joyce, Tyler Trent Ochoa and Michael W. Carroll
University of Houston - Institute for Intellectual Property & Information Law, Santa Clara University School of Law and American University Washington College of Law

Abstract:

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Copyright, other intellectual property, history, international, digital, originality, fixation, works of authorship, ownership, transfers, duration, termination, publication, formalities, exclusive rights, infringement, secondary liability, fair use, affirmative defenses, remedies, preemption