Justin Hughes

Loyola Law School Los Angeles

Professor

919 Albany Street

Los Angeles, CA 90015-1211

United States

http://www.justinhughes.net

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

41

DOWNLOADS
Rank 3,045

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,045

in Total Papers Downloads

16,690

SSRN CITATIONS

29

CROSSREF CITATIONS

90

Scholarly Papers (41)

1.

A Short History of Intellectual Property' in Relation to Copyright

33 Cardozo Law Review 1293 (2012), Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 265
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 12 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 13 Jan 2021
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 2,296 (8,710)
Citation 7

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intellectual property, BIRPI, Berne Convention, Paris Convention, WIPO, Pouillet, copyright, trademark, patent, legal history

2.

Champagne, Feta, and Bourbon - the Spirited Debate About Geographical Indications

Hastings Law Journal, Vol. 58, p. 299, 2006, Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 168
Number of pages: 88 Posted: 11 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2007
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 2,250 (8,995)
Citation 1

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trademark, geographical indications, intellectual property

3.

Copyright and Incomplete Historiographies: Of Piracy, Propertization, and Thomas Jefferson

Southern California Law Review, Vol. 79, p. 993, 2006, Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 166
Number of pages: 92 Posted: 09 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2007
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 1,115 (26,739)

Abstract:

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copyright, piracy, propertization

4.

The Photographer’s Copyright – Photograph as Art, Photograph as Database

Harvard Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 25, 2012, Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 347
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 08 Feb 2020
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 788 (43,540)
Citation 1

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copyright, photography, originality, technology, intellectual property

5.

Coffee and Chocolate – Can We Help Developing Country Farmers Through Geographical Indications?

Number of pages: 136 Posted: 29 Sep 2010
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 767 (45,082)
Citation 13

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geographical indications, GI, terroir, TRIPS, traditional knowledge, Article 23, mislabeling, development

6.

Locke's 1694 Memorandum (and More Incomplete Copyright Historiographies)

27 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L. J. 555 (2010), Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 167
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 11 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2015
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 669 (54,118)
Citation 3

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John Locke, copyright, intellectual property

7.

The Internet and the Persistence of Law

Boston College Law Review, Vol. 43, p. 359, 2003 , Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 61
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 16 Jan 2003 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2007
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 597 (62,583)
Citation 3

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8.

Fair Use Across Time

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 43, p. 775, 2003, Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 51
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 01 Oct 2002 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2007
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 582 (64,587)
Citation 3

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Copyright, Fair Use, Intellectual Property, Film, Music, Entertainment Law, Authorship

9.

Translation Series: Sabam v. S.A. Tiscali (Scarlet), District Court of Brussels, 29 June 2007

25 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L. J. 1279 (2008)
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 17 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2015
Fran Mady, Julien Bourrouilhou and Justin Hughes
Independent, Independent and Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 576 (65,454)
Citation 4

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10.

Size Matters (or Should) in Copyright Law

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 74, p. 575, 2005, Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 140
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 15 Dec 2005 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2007
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 569 (66,523)

Abstract:

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copyright, intellectual property

11.

American Moral Rights and Fixing the 'Dastar Gap'

2007 Utah L. Rev. 659 (December 2007) , Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 96
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 12 Nov 2004 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2015
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 533 (72,226)
Citation 2

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moral rights, Lanham Act, Dastar

12.

Political Economies of Harmonization: Database Protection and Information Patents

Number of pages: 104 Posted: 30 Aug 2002
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 516 (75,104)
Citation 1

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Intellectual Property, Data Bases, Patents, Software, Business Methods, Political Economy, Harmonization, Comparative Law

13.

Fair Use and Its Politics - At Home and Abroad

Copyright Law in the Age of Exceptions and Limitations, Ruth Okediji, editor, Cambridge University Press, 2015, Forthcoming, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2015-18
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 19 Apr 2015
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 485 (81,028)

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14.

Copyright and Distributive Justice

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 92, 2016, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-11, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2758845
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 07 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2016
Justin Hughes and Robert P. Merges
Loyola Law School Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 483 (81,397)
Citation 1

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copyright, Rawls, distributive justice, music, African-Americans, wealth, income, creators

15.

Traditional Knowledge, Cultural Expression, and the Siren's Call of Property

49 San Diego Law Review 1215 (2013), Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 381
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 13 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2016
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 390 (104,583)
Citation 1

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folklore, traditional knowledge, traditional cultural expression, copyright, intellectual property, Rawls, Locke, Sen

16.

Non-Traditional Trademarks and the Dilemma of Aesthetic Functionality

in THE PROTECTION OF NON-TRADITIONAL MARKS: CRITICAL PERSPECTIVES (Irene Calboli and Martin Senftleben, eds. 2018 Forthcoming), Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-15
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 10 Apr 2017
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 359 (114,785)

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trademarks; intellectual property; functionality; aesthetic functionality; cognition; psychology; marketing

17.

Created Facts and the Flawed Ontology of Copyright Law

83 Notre Dame Law Review 43 (2007) , Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 201
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 11 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2016
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 346 (119,469)

Abstract:

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copyright

18.

On the Logic of Suing One's Customers and the Dilemma of Infringement-Based Business Models

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 08 Mar 2005
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 335 (123,864)

Abstract:

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Internet, Intellectual Property, Copyright

19.

Cognitive and Aesthetic Functionality in Trademark Law

36 Cardozo Law Review 1227 (2015), Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2015-07
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 22 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2016
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 264 (158,553)

Abstract:

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trademark, functionality, trade dress, aesthetics, aesthetic functionality, psychology

20.

The Limited Promise of Geographical Indications for Developing Country Farmers

Geographical Indications at the Crossroads of Trade, Development, and Culture in the Asia-Pacific (Irene Calboli and Wee Loon Ng-Loy, Eds., Cambridge University Press, 2016), Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-24
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 03 Oct 2016
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 258 (162,260)

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Geographical Indications, Rural Development, Intellectual Property, Coffee, Trademarks

21.

The Charming Betsy Canon, American Legal Doctrine, and Global Rule of Law

Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-16, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 2020
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 10 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 11 Jan 2021
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 256 (163,526)
Citation 1

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international law; treaties; customary international law; Charming Betsy; WTO; GATT; trade law; Chevron; rule of law

22.

Actors as Authors in American Copyright Law

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 51, 2018, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-10
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 04 May 2018 Last Revised: 24 Jul 2018
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 222 (187,412)

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actors, copyright, authorship, film, performers

23.

How Extra-Copyright Protection of Databases Can Be Constitutional

University of Dayton Law Review, Vol. 28, p. 159, 2003, Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 81
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 13 Nov 2003 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2016
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 200 (206,564)
Citation 3

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24.

Understanding (and Fixing) the Right of Fixation in Copyright Law

62 J. Copyright Soc'y USA 385 (2015), Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2014-10
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 31 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2016
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 161 (249,044)

Abstract:

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25.

The ALI Copyright Restatement Project: A Horse of a Different Color?

Proceedings of the Twenty-Sixth Annual Conference International Intellectual Property Law & Policy, Fordham University School of Law Skadden Conference Center, New York, New York, April 6, 2018, Texas A&M University School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-17, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-602, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-35
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 22 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 03 Oct 2018
Columbia Law School, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Texas A&M University School of Law, George Mason University, Loyola Law School Los Angeles, Government of the United States of America - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and Google Inc.
Downloads 159 (251,650)

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26.

Garcia v. Google Brief of Amici Curiae Professors Shyamkrishna Balganesh, Justin Hughes, Peter Menell, and David Nimmer in Support of Neither Party -- Copyright Protection of Performances, Joint Authorship, and the Limits of Any Implied License

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 11 Dec 2014
Columbia University - Law School, Loyola Law School Los Angeles, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Irell & Manella LLP
Downloads 157 (254,290)
Citation 13

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copyright, authorship, performance, license, fraud

27.

SYMPOSIUM: The California Consumer Privacy Act

Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, Vol. 54, 2021, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-01, Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 627, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 21-7
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 22 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 18 May 2021
Loyola Law School Los Angeles, University of Colorado Law SchoolYale University - Yale Information Society Project, ACLU of Northern California and Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law
Downloads 155 (257,024)

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privacy law; California; Facebook; data; First Amendment

28.

Gorgeous Photograph, Limited Copyright

Routledge Companion to Copyright and Creativity in the 21st Century (2020, Forthcoming), Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-30
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 31 Oct 2019
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 146 (269,737)

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copyright; photography; originality; creativity; selfies; deep fakes; fair use; transformative use

29.

The Respective Roles of Judges and Juries in Copyright Fair Use

Houston Law Review, Vol. 58, No. 2, 2020, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2020-09
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 08 May 2020 Last Revised: 11 Jan 2021
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 129 (296,667)

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copyright, juries, fair use, mixed question, Seventh Amendment,

30.

Restating Copyright Law's Originality Requirement

Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts, Vol. 44, 2021, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-02
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 28 May 2021
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 125 (303,719)

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copyright; originality; Restatement of Law; American Law Institute; Feist; Bleistein

31.

Rules, Standards, and Copyright Fair Use

Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2020-08
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 08 May 2020 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2021
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 125 (303,719)

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copyright, fair use, rules v standards, rules, standards, Llewelyn, algorithms, transformative use

32.

Motion Pictures, Markets, and Copylocks

George Mason Law Review, Vol. 23, 2016, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-10
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 07 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 07 Jul 2016
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 108 (336,804)

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Copyright, Film, Africa, Nollywood, Culture, Streaming, Internet, 1201

33.

Landmark Trademarks

Wake Forest Law Review, Vol. 52, 2017, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-10
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 10 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 19 Aug 2017
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 104 (345,378)

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trademarks; intellectual property; landmarks; historic buildings

34.

Fitting China-US Trade Into WTO Trade Law - National Security and Non-Violation Mechanisms

Michigan State Law Review, Vol. 2022, No. 3, 2022, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-25
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 18 Oct 2021
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 84 (394,859)

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international trade; GATT; WTO; national security; China; supply chains; tariffs

35.

That's a Fine Chablis You're Not Drinking: The Proper Place for Geographical Indications in Trademark Law

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media & Entertainment Law Journal, Vol. 17, No. 933, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2851531
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 13 Oct 2016
Loyola Law School Los Angeles, Independent, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom and Fordham Law School
Downloads 80 (406,192)

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trademark, intellectual property, geographical indications, international law

36.

Translation Series: The Tea Board v. Mr. Jean-Luc Dusong

Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal, Vol. 28, p. 431, 2010, Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 352
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 20 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2016
Justin Hughes and Diane Artal
Loyola Law School Los Angeles and Yeshiva University
Downloads 78 (412,166)

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Trademark, Geographical Indications, GI, TRIPS, Parasitic Competition

37.

New York Right of Publicity: Reimagining Privacy and the First Amendment in the Digital Age - AELJ Spring Symposium 2

Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal, Vol. 36, 2018
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 08 Aug 2018
Mintz & Gold LLP, Loyola Law School Los Angeles, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, William S. Boyd School of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Davis Wright Tremaine, Cowan DeBaets Abrahams and Sheppard LLP and St. John's University School of Law
Downloads 74 (424,436)

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right of publicity; digital avatars; photography; first amendment; post-mortem rights

38.

Globalization, Revising the Terms of Trade, and the Return of 'History'

14 Ohio State Business Law Journal (Forthcoming), Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-29
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 06 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 22 Jun 2020
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 63 (461,738)

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international trade; Trump; news organizations; media; China; geopolitics

39.

MGM v. Grokster – Amicus Brief of Professors Peter S. Menell, David Nimmer, Robert P. Merges, and Justin Hughes

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 30 Aug 2019
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Irell & Manella LLP, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 34 (591,999)
Citation 1

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copyright, indirect liability, Sony, Grokster, statutory interpretation, file-sharing

40.

Introduction to Joined Cases Peterson v. Google and Elsevier v. Cyando (CJEU, 2021) for International Legal Materials (ILM)

Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-35, 60 International Legal Materials (ILM) (2021, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 15 Dec 2021 Last Revised: 20 Dec 2021
Justin Hughes
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 30 (615,454)

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copyright; communication to the public; internet platforms; safe harbors

41.

Acknowledging the Public Role in Private Drug Development: Lessons from Remdesivir

STAT, First Opinion, 8 May 2020
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 21 Sep 2021
Justin Hughes and Arti K. Rai
Loyola Law School Los Angeles and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 22 (669,840)

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patents; COVID; coronavirus; remdesivir; Gilead