Timothy Zick

William & Mary Law School

Mills E. Godwin, Jr. Professor of Law

South Henry Street

P.O. Box 8795

Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

40

DOWNLOADS
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Top 12,755

in Total Papers Downloads

6,967

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 29,398

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 29,398

in Total Papers Citations

20

CROSSREF CITATIONS

16

Scholarly Papers (40)

1.

Are the States Sovereign?

Washington University Law Review, Vol. 83, No. 1, 2005
Number of pages: 178 Posted: 20 Jan 2005 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2009
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 619 (78,537)
Citation 1

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Sovereignty, social construction, federalism, symbolism

2.
Downloads 460 (113,390)
Citation 5

Space, Place and Speech: The Expressive Topography

George Washington Law Review, Vol. 74, No. 3, 2006
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 09 Aug 2005 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2009
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 323 (167,580)

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Space, Place and Speech: The Expressive Topography

St. John's University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 05-0021
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 26 Nov 2005
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 137 (375,071)
Citation 4

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Clouds, Cameras, and Computers: The First Amendment and Networked Public Places

Florida Law Review, Vol. 59, p. 1, 2007, St. John's Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-0062
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 11 Jan 2007
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 204 (265,728)

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Clouds, Cameras, and Computers: The First Amendment and Networked Public Places

St. John's Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-0048
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 17 Aug 2006
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 174 (306,847)
Citation 3

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4.

Speech and Spatial Tactics

Texas Law Review, Vol. 84, No. 3, 2006
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 19 Aug 2005 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2009
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 345 (157,206)

Abstract:

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speech, expression, place, forum, geography, Foucault, space

5.

Framing the Second Amendment: Gun Rights, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Number of pages: 69 Posted: 18 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 07 Aug 2021
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 342 (158,653)
Citation 1

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guns, civil rights, civil liberties, arms, second amendment, frames, constitutional culture

6.

Cross Burning, Cockfighting, and Symbolic Meaning: Toward a First Amendment Ethnography

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 45, No. 5, 2004
Number of pages: 138 Posted: 26 Apr 2004 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2009
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 268 (204,922)

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Speech, expression, anthropology, Geertz, semiotics, symbolism, sacred, association, first amendment, gesture, symbolic conduct, expressive conduct, meaning

7.
Downloads 263 (208,813)
Citation 3

Constitutional Displacement

Washington University Law Review, Vol. 86, No. 3, 2009, William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-01
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 21 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 06 Jan 2010
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 140 (368,671)

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territory, liberty, displacement, spatiality

Constitutional Displacement

St. John's Legal Studies Research Paper No. 07-0081
Number of pages: 94 Posted: 04 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2009
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 123 (408,141)
Citation 2

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territory, territoriality, geography, place, spatiality, segregation, internment, travel, liberty

The Second Amendment as a Fundamental Right

Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2019
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 04 Apr 2019
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 140 (368,671)

Abstract:

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firearms, Second Amendment, rights, free speech, fundamental

The Second Amendment as a Fundamental Right

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 31 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2019
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 116 (426,837)

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Second Amendment, Arms, Fundamental, Freedom of Speech, Strict Scrutiny, Rights

9.

Territoriality and the First Amendment: Free Speech At - And Beyond - Our Borders

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 85, p. 101, 2010, William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-49
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 03 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 13 Aug 2010
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 233 (235,266)

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Territory, Territorial, Territoriality, Extraterritorial, Extraterritoriality, First Amendment, Speech, Free Speech, Association, Press, Immigration, Travel, Borders, Libel Tourism, Digitization, Globalization, Sovereignty

10.

Constitutional Empiricism: Quasi-Neutral Principles and Constitutional Truths

North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 82, December 2003
Number of pages: 100 Posted: 21 Nov 2003
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 223 (245,261)
Citation 2

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constitutional interpretation, empirical, philosophy of science, empiricism, constitutional meaning, realism, formalism, falsification, daubert

11.

Marbury Ascendant: The Rehnquist Court and the Power to 'Say What the Law is'

Washington and Lee Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 3, 2002
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 30 May 2003 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2009
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 208 (261,670)
Citation 1

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12.

Statehood as the New Personhood: The Discovery of Fundamental 'States' Rights'

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 46, No. 1, 2004
Number of pages: 131 Posted: 06 Oct 2004 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2009
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 187 (288,208)

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Federalism, sovereignty, statehood

13.

Falsely Shouting Fire in a Global Theater: Emerging Complexities of Trans-Border Expression

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 65, No. 1, William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-111
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 09 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2015
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 184 (292,409)

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free speech, wikileaks, press, association, globalization, digitization, treason, material support, terrorism, incitement, hostile audience, heckler

14.
Downloads 174 (307,148)

Rights Dynamism

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol. 19, 2019
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 04 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 93 (500,442)

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rights, freedom of speech, due process, equal protection, dynamic, free exercise

Rights Dynamism

Number of pages: 72 Posted: 21 May 2016 Last Revised: 18 Sep 2017
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 81 (546,511)

Abstract:

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rights, freedom of speech, free exercise, equal protection, due process, dynamic

15.

The Rising Costs of Dissent: Public Protest and Civil Liabilities

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 16 Jan 2020 Last Revised: 08 May 2020
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 172 (311,765)

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protest, civil liability, tort, petition, dissent, cost, liability, speech, assembly

16.

Second Amendment Exceptionalism: Public Expression and Public Carry

Texas Law Review, Vol. 102, No. 1, 2023
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 24 Jul 2023 Last Revised: 17 Aug 2023
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 157 (335,448)

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firearms, free speech, balancing, sensitive places, public forum

17.

The Dynamic Relationship between Freedom of Expression and Equality

William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-333, Duke Journal of Constitutional Law & Public Policy, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2016
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 06 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2016
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 146 (356,079)
Citation 1

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Equal Protection, Free Speech, Equality, Speech, Expression, Race Equality, Gay Equality

18.

Rights Speech

48 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1 (2014), William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-275
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 02 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 24 Jul 2015
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 139 (370,273)
Citation 1

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First Amendment, free speech, Second Amendment, right to bear arms, abortion, rights speech

19.

'Summum', the Vocality of Public Places, and the Public Forum

Brigham Young University Law Review, 2011, William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-54
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 12 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 10 Jan 2011
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 138 (372,321)

Abstract:

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public forum, free speech, Summum, public park, First Amendment, property, public place

20.

Property, Place, and Public Discourse

Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, Vol. 21, 2006
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 04 Nov 2005 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2009
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 129 (392,313)

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21.

Parades, Picketing, and Demonstrations

Oxford Handbook on Freedom of Speech (Adrienne Stone & Frederick Schauer, eds) (2019 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 17 Oct 2018
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 127 (397,057)

Abstract:

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22.

Property As/And Constitutional Settlement

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 104, 2010, William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 9-21
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 23 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2010
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 126 (399,464)

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property, civil rights, forum, eminent domain, establishment, settlement, public forum, public square

23.

Professional Rights Speech

Arizona State Law Journal, Forthcoming, William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-316
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 29 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 10 Aug 2017
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 123 (406,669)

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professional speech, rights speech, professionalism, free speech, abortion, equality, right to bear arms, Second Amendment

24.

Managing Dissent

Washington University Law Review, Vol. 95, No. 5, 2018
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 19 May 2018
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 120 (414,293)

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speech, first amendment, dissent, protest, campus, forum, NFL

25.

The Cosmopolitan First Amendment: Protecting Transborder Expressive and Religious Liberties

Cambridge Univ. Press, Forthcoming, William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-236
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 18 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2013
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 120 (414,293)

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First Amendment, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, free press, cross-border, transborder, extraterritorial, territorial, community of nations, import, export, cosmopolitan, self-governance, marketplace, autonomy, global marketplace, global theater, forum

26.

First Amendment Cosmopolitanism, Skepticism, and Democracy

Ohio State Law Journal, Vol. 76, No. 3, 2015, William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-309
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 27 May 2015 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2015
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 117 (422,227)

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First Amendment, free speech, transborder, cosmopolitan, cosmopolitanism, religion, religious liberty, territory, sovereignty, Internet, foreign law, conflict of laws

27.

The First Amendment in Trans-Border Perspective: Toward a More Cosmopolitan Orientation

Boston College Law Review, Vol. 52, William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-65
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 11 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 22 Jul 2011
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 116 (424,960)

Abstract:

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speech, first amendment, territory, territoriality, cosmopolitanism, cosmopolitan, provincialism, establishment, free exercise, sovereignty, human rights

28.

Arming Public Protests

Iowa Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 13 Mar 2018
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 113 (433,244)

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free speech, firearms, protest, second amendment, first amendment, open carry

29.

The Costs of Dissent: Protest and Civil Liabilities

89 George Washington Law Review 233 (2021)
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 29 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 07 Aug 2021
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 106 (453,950)

Abstract:

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dissent, protest, speech, assembly, petition, civil disobedience, first amendment, tort, common law, costs, damages

30.

Active Sovereignty

St. John's Journal of Legal Commentary, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2006
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 17 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2009
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 106 (453,950)

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31.

Introduction to The Dynamic Free Speech Clause: Free Speech and Its Relation to Other Constitutional Rights (Oxford Univ. Press, 2018)

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 16 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2018
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 104 (460,186)

Abstract:

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free speech, rights, free exercise, press, assembly, petition, equal protection, abortion, second amendment, due process, interpretation

32.

Recovering the Assembly Clause

91 Texas Law Review 375 (2012)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 19 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 30 Jan 2013
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 86 (521,333)

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assembly, speech, First Amendment, association, protest

33.

Restroom Use, Civil Rights, and Free Speech ‘Opportunism’

Ohio State Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Nov 2017
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 83 (532,703)
Citation 1

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Free Speech, Transgender, Restroom, Civil Rights

34.

Review of Robert L. Tsai's Practical Equality: Forging Justice in a Divided Nation (W.W. Norton & Co., 2019)

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 23 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2019
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 82 (536,620)

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equality, reason, due process, rationality, cruelty, equal protection

35.

Justice Scalia and Abortion Speech

William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-352, First Amendment Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 16 Mar 2017
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 78 (552,645)

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Scalia, Abortion, Freedom of Speech, Abortion Speech, Abortion Discourse

36.

The First Amendment in the Trump Era

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 17 Jun 2020
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 77 (556,661)

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speech, press, First Amendment, dissent, assembly, public forum, Trump, orthodoxy

37.

'Duty-Defining Power' and the First Amendment's Civil Domain

William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. 09-27, Columbia Law Review - Sidebar, Vol. 109, No. 116, 2009
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 16 Jan 2010
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 73 (573,786)
Citation 1

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civil liability, freedom of speech

38.

Public Protest and Governmental Immunities

Southern California Law Review, Vol. 97, 2024
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 29 Jul 2023 Last Revised: 13 Oct 2023
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 67 (600,756)

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protest, first amendment, fourth amendment, qualified immunity, retaliation, speech, excessive force, arrest

39.

Managed Dissent: The Law of Public Protest

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 14 Jun 2023
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 66 (605,406)

Abstract:

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protest, dissent, speech, assembly

40.

Assembly Within 'Sight and Sound' of the Audience

William & Mary Law School Research Paper No. Forthcoming, Oxford Handbook of Peaceful Assembly
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Jan 2023 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2023
Timothy Zick
William & Mary Law School
Downloads 56 (656,953)

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assembly, sight, sound, speech, place, petition