Ajay K. Agrawal

University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management

105 St. George Street

Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6 M5S1S4

Canada

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

40

DOWNLOADS
Rank 3,231

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,231

in Total Papers Downloads

12,646

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 1,198

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 1,198

in Total Papers Citations

236

CROSSREF CITATIONS

719

Scholarly Papers (40)

1.
Downloads 4,974 ( 1,775)
Citation 30

The Geography of Crowdfunding

NET Institute Working Paper No. 10-08
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 20 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 07 Sep 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Christian Catalini and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 4,649 (1,959)
Citation 49

Abstract:

Loading...

Entrepreneurial finance, crowd-funding, internet, family and friends, local bias, social networks.

The Geography of Crowdfunding

NBER Working Paper No. w16820
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 28 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Christian Catalini and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 325 (103,250)

Abstract:

Loading...

2.

Are Syndicates the Killer App of Equity Crowdfunding?

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 5126-15, Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2569988
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 27 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2015
Ajay K. Agrawal, Christian Catalini and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 1,851 (9,543)
Citation 8

Abstract:

Loading...

equity crowdfunding, crowdfunding, angel investment, business angels, syndicates, online syndication, local bias, social networks

3.
Downloads 692 ( 41,145)
Citation 4

Slack Time and Innovation

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2599004, MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 5266-15
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 27 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Christian Catalini, Avi Goldfarb and Hong Luo
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Harvard Business School - Strategy Unit
Downloads 666 (42,710)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

crowdfunding, entrepreneurship, slack time, low-opportunity cost time, teamwork, internet

Slack Time and Innovation

NBER Working Paper No. w21134
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 04 May 2015 Last Revised: 30 May 2015
Ajay K. Agrawal, Christian Catalini and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 26 (556,061)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

4.
Downloads 503 ( 62,178)

Human Judgment and AI Pricing

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3111819
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 06 Feb 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 492 (63,237)

Abstract:

Loading...

Prediction, Judgment, Pricing, Subscription, Artificial Intelligence

Human Judgment and Ai Pricing

NBER Working Paper No. w24284
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 11 (665,191)

Abstract:

Loading...

Artificial Intelligence: The Ambiguous Labor Market Impact of Automating Prediction

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Mar 2019
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 446 (71,558)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

Artificial Intelligence, Automation, Machine Learning, Biased Technical Change, Prediction

Artificial Intelligence: The Ambiguous Labor Market Impact of Automating Prediction

NBER Working Paper No. w25619
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 04 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2019
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 29 (537,332)
Citation 7
  • Add to Cart

Abstract:

Loading...

6.

Some Simple Economics of Crowdfunding

NBER Working Paper No. w19133
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 18 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 02 Nov 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Christian Catalini and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 422 (76,967)
Citation 21

Abstract:

Loading...

Exploring the Impact of Artificial Intelligence: Prediction Versus Judgment

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3177467
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 May 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 337 (99,030)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

artificial intelligence, prediction, judgment, authority, delegation, bounded rationality

Exploring the Impact of Artificial Intelligence: Prediction Versus Judgment

NBER Working Paper No. w24626
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 25 May 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 31 (525,764)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

Prediction, Judgment and Complexity: A Theory of Decision Making and Artificial Intelligence

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3103156
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 14 Apr 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 270 (126,035)

Abstract:

Loading...

artificial intelligence, prediction, judgment, complexity, bounded rationality

Prediction, Judgment and Complexity: A Theory of Decision Making and Artificial Intelligence

NBER Working Paper No. w24243
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 29 Jan 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 38 (489,577)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

9.

Engaging the Inventor: Exploring Licensing Strategies for University Inventions and the Role of Latent Knowledge

Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 27, pp. 63-79, 2006
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Apr 2007
Ajay K. Agrawal
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 298 (114,172)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Loading...

technology transfer, commercialization, university

Restructuring Research: Communication Costs and the Democratization of University Innovation

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 26 Jan 2006
Ajay K. Agrawal and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 232 (146,954)

Abstract:

Loading...

collaboration, Internet, communication technology, productivity, university research, specialization

Restructuring Research: Communication Costs and the Democratization of University Innovation

NBER Working Paper No. w12812
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 05 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 47 (449,699)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

11.
Downloads 252 (136,040)
Citation 16

Roads and Innovation

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2478752
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 13 Aug 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Alberto Galasso and Alexander Oettl
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Georgia Institute of Technology - Strategic Management Area
Downloads 252 (135,470)
Citation 5

Abstract:

Loading...

innovation, transportation, highways, regional growth

Roads and Innovation

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP10113
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 30 Sep 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Alberto Galasso and Alexander Oettl
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Strategic Management and Georgia Institute of Technology - Strategic Management Area
Downloads 0
Citation 3
  • Add to Cart

Abstract:

Loading...

highways, innovation, regional growth, transportation

12.

The Anchor Tenant Hypothesis: Exploring the Role of Large, Local, R&D-Intensive Firms in Regional Innovation Systems

International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 21, pp. 1227-1253, 2003
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 27 Apr 2007
Ajay K. Agrawal and Iain M. Cockburn
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Boston University Questrom School of Business
Downloads 240 (142,653)
Citation 6

Abstract:

Loading...

Regional innovation systems, University technology transfer, Spillovers, Absorptive

13.

Putting Patents in Context: Exploring Knowledge Transfer from MIT

Management Science, Vol. 48, No. 1, January 2002
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Apr 2007
Ajay K. Agrawal and Rebecca M. Henderson
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 225 (151,892)
Citation 10

Abstract:

Loading...

Patents, University Science, Knowledge Transfer, Technology Transfer

14.

Gone but not Forgotten: Knowledge Flows, Labor Mobility, and Enduring Social Relationships

Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 6, pp. 571-591, September 2006
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 27 Apr 2007
Ajay K. Agrawal, Iain M. Cockburn and John McHale
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Boston University Questrom School of Business and Queen's University - Smith School of Business
Downloads 181 (185,639)
Citation 10

Abstract:

Loading...

knowledge flows, social relationships, labor mobility, patent citations

15.

Birds of a Feather - Better Together? How Co-Ethnicity and Co-Location Influence Knowledge Flow Patterns

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 03 Aug 2006
Ajay K. Agrawal, Devesh Kapur and John McHale
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Center for the Advanced Study of India and Queen's University - Smith School of Business
Downloads 176 (190,261)
Citation 7

Abstract:

Loading...

productivity, innovation, knowledge flows, co-location, co-ethnicity, spillovers

16.
Downloads 162 (204,274)

Enabling Entrepreneurial Choice

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 02 Jun 2020
Joshua S. Gans, Scott Stern and Ajay K. Agrawal
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 161 (205,630)

Abstract:

Loading...

startups, entrepreneurial strategy, experimentation, uncertainty, accelerators, judgment.

Enabling Entrepreneurial Choice

NBER Working Paper No. w27379
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 22 Jun 2020
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 1 (755,743)
  • Add to Cart

Abstract:

Loading...

17.

The Canadian Commercialization Discount: Examining the Transfer of University Research in Canada

Number of pages: 54 Posted: 03 Aug 2006
Ajay K. Agrawal
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 149 (219,103)

Abstract:

Loading...

Canada, productivity, commercialization, licensing, patents, universities

18.

Brain Drain or Brain Bank? The Impact of Skilled Emigration on Poor-Country Innovation

NBER Working Paper No. w14592
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 29 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Devesh Kapur and John McHale
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Center for the Advanced Study of India and Queen's University - Smith School of Business
Downloads 142 (227,705)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Loading...

19.

Tax Credits and Small Firm R&D Spending

Boston University Questrom School of Business Research Paper
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Apr 2017
Ajay K. Agrawal, Carlos Rosell and Timothy Simcoe
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Department of Finance, Canada and Boston University - Questrom School of Business
Downloads 112 (272,623)

Abstract:

Loading...

Research, Development, Tax Credit, Adjustment Costs

20.

No Pennies for These Thoughts: International Labor Mobility and Knowledge Flow Externalities

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 03 Aug 2006
Alexander Oettl and Ajay K. Agrawal
Georgia Institute of Technology - Strategic Management Area and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 94 (306,731)
Citation 28

Abstract:

Loading...

labor mobility, knowledge flows, immigration, diaspora, inventors

21.

Gone But Not Forgotten: Labor Flows, Knowledge Spillovers, and Enduring Social Capital

NBER Working Paper No. w9950
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 09 Sep 2003 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2013
Ajay K. Agrawal, Iain M. Cockburn and John McHale
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Boston University Questrom School of Business and Queen's University - Smith School of Business
Downloads 90 (315,215)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

22.

Public Sector Science and the Strategy of the Commons

Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 2007
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 03 Aug 2006
Lorenzo Garlappi and Ajay K. Agrawal
University of British Columbia (UBC) - Sauder School of Business and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 78 (343,838)

Abstract:

Loading...

Entry deterrence, intellectual property, university research, welfare loss

23.

Economic Policy for Artificial Intelligence

NBER Working Paper No. w24690
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Jun 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 62 (389,209)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

24.

Why Stars Matter

NBER Working Paper No. w20012
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 31 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 17 Apr 2019
Ajay K. Agrawal, John McHale and Alexander Oettl
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Queen's University - Smith School of Business and Georgia Institute of Technology - Strategic Management Area
Downloads 58 (402,162)

Abstract:

Loading...

Why are Some Regions More Innovative than Others? The Role of Firm Size Diversity

NBER Working Paper No. w17793
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 27 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2015
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Boston University Questrom School of Business, University of Toronto - Strategic Management and Georgia Institute of Technology - Strategic Management Area
Downloads 55 (418,935)

Abstract:

Loading...

Why are Some Regions More Innovative than Others? The Role of Firm Size Diversity

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP9766
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 02 Dec 2013
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Boston University Questrom School of Business, University of Toronto - Strategic Management and Georgia Institute of Technology - Strategic Management Area
Downloads 1 (755,743)
Citation 4
  • Add to Cart

Abstract:

Loading...

cities, externalities, firm size diversity, innovation, patents, spin-outs

26.

University Patenting: Estimating the Diminishing Breadth of Knowledge Diffusion and Consumption

NBER Working Paper No. w12640
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Nov 2006 Last Revised: 22 Jul 2012
Carlos Rosell and Ajay K. Agrawal
University of Toronto - Department of Economics and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 53 (419,424)

Abstract:

Loading...

27.

University Research, Industrial R&D, and the Anchor Tenant Hypothesis

NBER Working Paper No. w9212
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Sep 2002 Last Revised: 01 May 2013
Ajay K. Agrawal and Iain M. Cockburn
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Boston University Questrom School of Business
Downloads 51 (426,552)

Abstract:

Loading...

Does Knowledge Accumulation Increase the Returns to Collaboration?

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 30 Dec 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Avi Goldfarb and Florenta Teodoridis
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Southern California - Marshall School of Business
Downloads 29 (537,332)

Abstract:

Loading...

Does Knowledge Accumulation Increase the Returns to Collaboration?

NBER Working Paper No. w19694
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 10 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Avi Goldfarb and Florenta Teodoridis
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto
Downloads 9 (680,767)

Abstract:

Loading...

29.

Recruiting for Ideas: How Firms Exploit the Prior Inventions of New Hires

NBER Working Paper No. w15869
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 05 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Jasjit Singh and Ajay K. Agrawal
INSEADINSEAD and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 33 (502,580)
Citation 16

Abstract:

Loading...

30.

Digitization and the Contract Labor Market: A Research Agenda

NBER Working Paper No. w19525
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 11 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 08 Oct 2014
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, New York University (NYU) - Department of Information, Operations, and Management Sciences, University of Toronto - Strategic Management and University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
Downloads 32 (507,590)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Loading...

31.

University-to-Industry Knowledge Transfer: Literature Review and Unanswered Questions

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 08 Oct 2003
Ajay K. Agrawal
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 31 (512,618)
Citation 7
  • Add to Cart

Abstract:

Loading...

32.

Not Invented Here? Innovation in Company Towns

NBER Working Paper No. w15437
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 03 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Iain M. Cockburn and Carlos Rosell
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Boston University Questrom School of Business and University of Toronto - Department of Economics
Downloads 28 (528,836)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Loading...

33.

Birds of a Feather - Better Together? Exploring the Optimal Spatial Distribution of Ethnic Inventors

NBER Working Paper No. w12823
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 12 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2013
Ajay K. Agrawal, Devesh Kapur and John McHale
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Center for the Advanced Study of India and Queen's University - Smith School of Business
Downloads 27 (534,518)

Abstract:

Loading...

34.

Tax Credits and Small Firm R&D Spending

NBER Working Paper No. w20615
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 27 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 28 Nov 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Carlos Rosell and Timothy Simcoe
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Department of Finance, Canada and Boston University - Questrom School of Business
Downloads 26 (540,334)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

35.

Finding Needles in Haystacks: Artificial Intelligence and Recombinant Growth

NBER Working Paper No. w24541
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 23 Apr 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, John McHale and Alexander Oettl
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Queen's University - Smith School of Business and Georgia Institute of Technology - Strategic Management Area
Downloads 21 (571,654)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

36.

Deals Not Done: Sources of Failure in the Market for Ideas

NBER Working Paper No. w19679
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 28 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 14 Mar 2015
Ajay K. Agrawal, Iain M. Cockburn and Laurina Zhang
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Boston University Questrom School of Business and Boston University - Questrom School of Business
Downloads 18 (591,353)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

37.

Collaboration, Stars, and the Changing Organization of Science: Evidence from Evolutionary Biology

NBER Working Paper No. w19653
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 16 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, John McHale and Alexander Oettl
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Queen's University - Smith School of Business and Georgia Institute of Technology - Strategic Management Area
Downloads 18 (591,353)

Abstract:

Loading...

38.

Does Information Help or Hinder Job Applicants from Less Developed Countries in Online Markets?

NBER Working Paper No. w18720
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 18 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, Nicola Lacetera and Elizabeth Lyons
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Strategic Management and University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
Downloads 16 (604,486)
Citation 5

Abstract:

Loading...

39.

Does Scientist Immigration Harm Us Science? An Examination of Spillovers

NBER Working Paper No. w24519
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 24 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 02 May 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, John McHale and Alexander Oettl
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Queen's University - Smith School of Business and Georgia Institute of Technology - Strategic Management Area
Downloads 5 (683,077)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

40.

Crowdfunding: Geography, Social Networks, and the Timing of Investment Decisions

Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Vol. 24, Issue 2, pp. 253-274, 2015
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 06 May 2015
Ajay K. Agrawal, Christian Catalini and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 2 (708,854)
Citation 34
  • Add to Cart

Abstract:

Loading...