Steven Ratner

University of Michigan Law School

625 South State Street

Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

21

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SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 41,379

in Total Papers Citations

1

CROSSREF CITATIONS

15

Scholarly Papers (21)

1.

Self-Defense Against Terrorists: The Meaning of Armed Attack

The Leiden Policy Recommendations on Counter-Terrorism and International Law, Nico Schrijver and Larissa van den Herik eds., Cambridge University Press, 2012 Forthcoming, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 270
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 30 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 12 Jul 2012
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 1,927 (8,941)
Citation 1

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terrorism, international law, use of force, United Nations Charter

2.

Is International Law Impartial?

Number of pages: 60 Posted: 05 Jan 2005
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 543 (56,390)

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International law, moral philosophy, jurisprudence, legal theory

3.

The Role of the ICRC in the Enforcement of the Geneva Conventions

The 1949 Geneva Conventions: A Commentary (Andrew Clapham, Paola Gaeta, and Marco Sassoli eds., Oxford University Press, 2015, Forthcoming), Hebrew University of Jerusalem Legal Research Paper No. 15-11
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 17 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 02 Jul 2015
Rotem Giladi and Steven Ratner
University of Helsinki, Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights, Faculty of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 522 (59,260)

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confidentiality; Geneva Convention 1949; Geneva Convention Additional Protocol 1; Geneva Convention Additional Protocol 2; International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

4.

Compensation for Expropriations in a World of Investment Treaties: Beyond the Lawful/Unlawful Distinction

111 American Journal of International Law 1 (2017), U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 17-005, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 553
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 21 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 20 May 2017
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 469 (67,678)

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investment, expropriation, bilateral investment treaties, remedies

5.

Ethics and International Law: Integrating the Global Justice Project(s)

International Theory, Volume 5, Issue 1 (2013), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper 315
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 26 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2014
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 355 (93,912)
Citation 1

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global justice, international law, ethics, international relations theory

6.

From Enlightened Positivism to Cosmopolitan Justice: Obstacles and Opportunities

FROM BILATERALISM TO COMMUNITY INTEREST: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF JUDGE BRUNO SIMMA, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, U of Michigan Public Law Working Paper No. 225
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 05 Jan 2011
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 328 (102,665)

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international law, positivism, justice, cosmopolitanism, Simma

7.

Regulatory Takings in Institutional Context: Beyond the Fear of Fragmented International Law

American Journal of International Law, volume 102 (2008), pp. 475-528
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 16 May 2012
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 299 (113,609)

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international law, foreign investment, expropriation, fragmentation, international institutions, ICSID, investment treaties

8.

Overcoming Temptations to Violate Human Dignity in Times of Crisis: On the Possibilities for Meaningful Self-Restraint

U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 53
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 15 May 2003
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 259 (132,180)

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9.

Persuading to Comply: On the Deployment and Avoidance of Legal Argumentation

International Law and International Relations: Synthesizing Insights from Interdisciplinary Scholarship, Jeffrey L. Dunoff and Mark A. Pollock eds., Cambridge University Press, 2012 Forthcoming, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 271
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 30 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 12 Jul 2012
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 258 (132,705)

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international law, persuasion, international relations, compliance, legal argumentation, International Committee of the Red Cross

10.

Bringing Ethical Inquiry into International Law

LOOKING TO THE FUTURE: ESSAYS ON INTERNATIONAL LAW IN HONOR OF W. MICHAEL REISMAN, Brill, 2010, U of Michigan Public Law Working Paper No. 151
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 02 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2015
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 233 (146,653)

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international law, ethics, justice, philosophy, New Haven School, human rights

11.

Democratizing International Law

Global Policy, Volume 2, issue 3, pp. 241-47, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 278
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 29 Apr 2012
Steven Ratner and Robert E. Goodin
University of Michigan Law School and Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Social Sciences (RSSS)
Downloads 184 (182,782)

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global justice, international law, citizens juries, jus cogens

12.

War/Crimes and the Limits of the Doctrine of Sources

Oxford Handbook on the Sources of International Law, Forthcoming, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 505
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 10 Sep 2016
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 183 (183,680)

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international law, international humanitarian law, international criminal law, international legal theory, sources of international law, global justice, international courts

13.

Behind the Flag of Dunant: Secrecy and the Compliance Mission of the International Committee of the Red Cross

Transparency in International Law, Andrea Bianchi and Anne Peters, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2013 Forthcoming, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 279
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 04 May 2012 Last Revised: 31 Jul 2012
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 177 (189,120)

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international law, compliance, transparency, confidentiality, International Committee of the Red Cross

14.

International Investment Law Through the Lens of Global Justice

Journal of International Economic Law, vol. 20, pp. 747-775 (2017) , U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 18-011
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 31 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2018
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 132 (242,509)

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International investment law, global justice, distributive justice, arbitration

15.

Do International Organizations Play Favorites? An Impartialist Account

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 08 May 2007
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 131 (242,509)

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international law, moral philosophy, international organizations, international justice

16.

Complicity and Compromise in the Law of Nations

Criminal Law and Philosophy, Volume 10, 2016, Forthcoming, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 467
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 29 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 09 Oct 2015
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 110 (275,756)

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complicity, international law, global justice

17.

After Atrocity: Optimizing UN Action Toward Accountability for Human Rights Abuses

Michigan Journal of International Law, Vol. 36, No. 3, 2015, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 466
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 12 Sep 2015
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 100 (294,421)

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United Nations, human rights, fact-finding, war crimes, Human Rights Council, Sri Lanka, Cambodia

18.

International Law and Political Philosophy: Uncovering New Linkages

Philosophy Compass, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 28 Dec 2018
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 74 (354,029)

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international law, political philosophy, global justice, ethics, international political morality, non-ideal theory, institutions

19.

Global Investment Rules as a Site for Moral Inquiry

Journal of Political Philosophy, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2019, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 637
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 17 May 2019 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2019
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 73 (356,735)

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international investment law, global justice, distributive justice, international courts, international law

20.

International Investment Law and Domestic Investment Rules: Tracing the Upstream and Downstream Flows

Journal of World Investment and Trade, volume 21 (2020)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 19 Feb 2020
Steven Ratner
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 34 (497,146)

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compliance, constructivism, domestic law, institutionalism, international investment law, pathways

21.

International Law and Theories of Global Justice

Proceedings of the American Society of International Law, vol. 114, 2020
Number of pages: 13
University of Michigan Law School, Georgetown University Law Center, University of London - Department of Political Economy, Seoul National University and University of British Columbia (UBC), Faculty of Law
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international law, global justice, political philosophy, international political morality