Thomas H. Lee

Fordham University School of Law

Leitner Family Professor of International Law

150 West 62nd Street

New York, NY 10023

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

30

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9,779

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 48,524

in Total Papers Citations

10

CROSSREF CITATIONS

7

Scholarly Papers (30)

1.

International Relations Theories and International Law

Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2606223
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 17 May 2015
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 2,350 (11,672)

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International Relations Theory, International Law, International Poltics

2.

The Law of War and the Responsibility to Protect Civilians: A Reinterpretation

55 Harvard Int’l L.J. Vol. 2, pp. 251-321 (2014), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2378438
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 13 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 28 Oct 2014
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 1,040 (40,154)

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International law, national security, human rights law, foreign relations law

3.

The Three Lives of the Alien Tort Statute: The Evolving Role of the Judiciary in U.S. Foreign Relations

89 Notre Dame L. Rev.4, pp. 1645-1670 (2014), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2429411
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 27 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 21 May 2014
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 529 (98,064)
Citation 2

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4.

International Law, International Relations Theory, and Preemptive War: The Vitality of Soverign Equality Today

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 15 Mar 2005
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 498 (105,660)

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5.

The Augustinian Just War Tradition and the Problem of Pretext in Humanitarian Intervention

Fordham International Law Journal, Vol. 28, p. 756, 2005, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 92
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 08 Aug 2005
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 457 (117,003)

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just war theory, humanitarian intervention, laws of war

6.

Making Sense of the Eleventh Amendment: International Law and State Sovereignty

Number of pages: 73 Posted: 26 Aug 2003
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 434 (124,365)
Citation 3

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7.

The Safe Conduct Theory of the Alien Tort Statute

Fordham Legal Studies Research Paper No. 77
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 22 Feb 2007
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 376 (146,465)
Citation 3

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8.

Natural Born Citizen

American University Law Review, Vol. 67, No. 327, 2017, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3100411
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 18 Jan 2018
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 345 (160,990)
Citation 1

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9.

The U.S. Supreme Court as Quasi-International Tribunal: Reclaiming the Court's Original and Exclusive Jurisdiction Over Treaty-Based Suits By Foreign States Against States

Columbia Law Review, Vol. 104, No. 7, November 2004, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 55
Number of pages: 121 Posted: 12 Aug 2004
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 316 (176,842)

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10.

International Arbitration of Patent Claims

'International Arbitration of Patent Claims' in Contemporary Issues in International Arbitration and Mediation: The Fordham Papers 2015 (Arthur W. Rovine, ed., 2016), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2849465
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 09 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 03 May 2018
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 310 (180,437)

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international arbitration, patents, patent validity, patent infringement, patent licensing, intellectual property protection

11.

Double Remedies in Double Courts

European Journal of International Law, 2015, Forthcoming, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2429410, Chicago-Kent College of Law Research Paper No. 2014-10
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 04 Jun 2014
Sungjoon Cho and Thomas H. Lee
Chicago Kent College of Law and Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 308 (181,669)

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WTO, World Trade Organization, international law, U.S., Europe, legal systems, engagement model, double courts, double remedies

12.

Countermajoritarian Federalism

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 74, 2006, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 06-109
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 02 Mar 2006 Last Revised: 21 May 2014
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 305 (183,549)

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federalism, Justice Stevens, state judges

13.

Toward an Interest Group Theory of Foreign Anti-Corruption Laws

University of Illinois Law Review, Vol. 2019, No. 4, 2019
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 11 Sep 2019
Sean J. Griffith and Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law and Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 285 (197,056)

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FCPA, anti-bribery, anti-corruption, bribery, corruption, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, UK Bribery Act, interest group, political economy, K-group

14.

In Defense of International Comity

93 Southern Calif. L. Rev. 169 (2020), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3366601, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 20-23
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 29 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 31 Aug 2020
Thomas H. Lee and Samuel Estreicher
Fordham University School of Law and New York University Law School
Downloads 233 (240,709)

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15.

An Empirical Survey of International Commercial Arbitration Cases in the US District Court for the Southern District of New York, 1970-2014

Fordham International Law Journal, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2015, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2698315
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 04 Dec 2015
Vera Korzun and Thomas H. Lee
University of Akron School of Law and Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 216 (258,594)
Citation 1

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International arbitration, New York Convention, UNCITRAL, arbitration agreement, arbitrator challenges, arbitral award, border crossings, federal courts, litigation, empirical, statistical data, SDNY, New York

16.

University Dons and Warrior Chieftains: Two Concepts of Diversity

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 72, 2004, Fordham School of Law, Pub-Law Research Paper No. 45
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Mar 2004 Last Revised: 29 May 2018
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 209 (266,646)

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17.

International Law and Institutions and the American Constitution in War and Peace

Berkeley Journal of International Law (BJIL), Vol. 31, No. 291, 2013, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2439286
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 May 2014
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 192 (289,458)

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18.

The Law of Nations and the Judicial Branch

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 106, No. 1707, 2018, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3252527
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 26 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 08 Jul 2021
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 177 (309,612)

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law of nations, international law, customary international law, US foreign relations law, constitutional interpretation, federal courts, federal jurisdiction

19.

Article IX, Article III, and the First Congress: The Original Constitutional Plan for the Federal Courts, 1787 – 1792

89 Fordham Law Review 1895 (2021), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3824882
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 08 Jul 2021
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 175 (312,733)

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federal courts, federal judiciary, Article III, constitutional law, history, Constitution, Articles of Confederation, Constitutional Convention, Judiciary Act of 1789, jurisdiction, original jurisdiction, appellate jurisdiction

20.

Congressional Power, Public Rights and Non-Article III Adjudication

98 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1113 (2023), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 4253085, U of Texas Law, Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 10 Nov 2022 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2024
John M. Golden and Thomas H. Lee
University of Texas at Austin - School of Law and Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 167 (325,717)

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Article III, federalism, non-Article III adjudication, non-Article III tribunal, private right, public right, public rights doctrine, territorial courts, courts-martial, Murray's Lessee, Freedmen's Bureau, Crowell, Atlas Roofing, Union Carbide, Oil States, Jarkesy

21.

Federalism, Private Rights, and Article III Adjudication

108 Va. L. Rev. 1547 (2022), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 4036008, U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 16 Feb 2022 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2022
John M. Golden and Thomas H. Lee
University of Texas at Austin - School of Law and Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 157 (343,257)

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Article III, federalism, non-Article III adjudication, non-Article III tribunal, private right, public right, public rights doctrine, jury right, arbitration

22.

The United States and Individual and Collective Self-Defense in Northeast Asia

Chapter 1 in "Strengthening the U.S.-Japan Alliance: Pathways for Bridging Law and Policy", Nobuhisa Ishizuka, Masahiro Kurosaki and Matthew C. Waxman (eds.), (2020), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3627836
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 18 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2020
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 156 (345,140)

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[comma separated]foreign policy, foreign relations, international law, nuclear missiles, nuclear weapons, cyber-security, cyber-law, cyber-space, cyber-operations, collective self-defense, individual self-defense, northeast Asia, North Korea, South Korea, China, Japan, Taiwan, Senkaku islands, Diaoy

23.

The Judicial Power-Admiralty Clause

Heritage Guide to the Constitution (3d. edition, Forthcoming), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 4452491
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 19 May 2023 Last Revised: 24 May 2023
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 114 (440,482)

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federal courts, constitutional law, civil procedure, international law, maritime, Erie doctrine

24.

Some Considerations for Conducting Legal Reviews of U.S. Military Cyber Operations

Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 62, 2020, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3977103
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 06 Dec 2021
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 109 (455,461)

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25.

The Civil War in U.S. Foreign Relations Law: A Dress Rehearsal for Modern Transformations

St. Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 53, No. 53, 2008, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 21 May 2014
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 101 (480,788)

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26.

Article III, the Bill of Rights, and Administrative Adjudication

92 Fordham L. Rev. 397 (2023)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Sep 2023 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2023
John M. Golden and Thomas H. Lee
University of Texas at Austin - School of Law and Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 93 (507,502)

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administrative adjudication, federal courts, administrative agency, Article III, jarkesy, crowell, murray's lessee, arthrex, due process

27.

Customary International Law and U.S. Judicial Power: From the Third to the Fourth Restatements

Customary International Law and U.S. Judicial Power: From the Third to the Fourth Restatements, in Paul B. Stephan and Sarah H. Cleveland, eds., THE FOURTH RESTATEMENT AND BEYOND: THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE OF U.S. FOREIGN RELATIONS LAW (Oxford Univ. Press, 2020 Forthcoming), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3629791
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 19 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2020
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 85 (536,623)

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Restatements, foreign relations law, U.S. courts, customary international law, human rights, foreign sovereign interests, foreign policy, U.S. judicial power, foreign relations jurisprudence

28.

Amicus Brief of Professors John M. Golden and Thomas H. Lee on Non-Article III Adjudication in SEC v. Jarkesy

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 30 Sep 2023
John M. Golden and Thomas H. Lee
University of Texas at Austin - School of Law and Fordham University School of Law
Downloads 42 (758,919)

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public rights, private rights, public-rights doctrine, Article III, non-Article III adjudication, Seventh Amendment, Blackstone, Murray's Lessee, Crowell, Atlas Roofing, Union Carbide, Tull, Granfinanciera, Oil States,

29.

Fair Winds and Following Seas, Shipmate: Michael W. Lewis, 1964-2015

42 Ohio. N. U. L. Rev. (2016, Forthcoming), Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2867549
Posted: 10 Nov 2016
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law

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law of war, targeted killing, drone strikes, law of armed conflict, international law, laws of war, noncombatants

30.

Theorizing the Foreign Affairs Constitution

Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1996734
Posted: 02 Feb 2012
Thomas H. Lee
Fordham University School of Law

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Constitution, foreign relations, foreign affairs, originalism, international relations theory