Malcolm B. Coate

U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

601 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20580

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

56

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13,935

CITATIONS
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Top 3,156

in Total Papers Citations

173

Scholarly Papers (56)

A Practical Guide to the Hypothetical Monopolist Test for Market Definition

Potomac Papers in Law and Economics 06-01
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 28 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2008
Malcolm B. Coate and Jeffrey H. Fischer
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 1,425 (9,421)
Citation 10

Abstract:

mergers, markets, antitrust, guidelines, Federal Trade Commission

A Practical Guide to the Hypothetical Monopolist Test for Market Definition

Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 1031-1063, 2008
Posted: 31 Dec 2008
Malcolm B. Coate and Jeffrey H. Fischer
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

Abstract:

2.

Economic Models in Merger Analysis: A Case Study of the Merger Guidelines

Potomac Law and Economics Working Paper No. 05-04
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 21 May 2005
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 1,349 (9,492)
Citation 8

Abstract:

Merger Guidelines, Merger enforcement, Federal Trade Commission

3.

Atlantic Divide or Gulf Stream Convergence: Merger Policies in the European Union and the United States

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 25 Mar 2007 Last Revised: 19 Jul 2010
Södertörn University, Stockholm, U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Stockholm University - Department of Economics and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 1,245 (11,414)
Citation 7

Abstract:

merger policy, antitrust, market dominance

Merger Control in the European Union and the United States: Just the Facts

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 05 Mar 2010
Södertörn University, Stockholm, U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Stockholm University - Department of Economics and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 841 (21,380)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Merger Policy, Competition Policy, Merger Guidelines, European Union, Dominance

Merger Control in the European Union and the United States: Just the Facts

European Competition Journal, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 89-125, April 2011
Posted: 02 Dec 2011
Södertörn University, Stockholm, U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Stockholm University - Department of Economics and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

Abstract:

Collusion, Competition, Antitrust Law

5.

Theory Meets Practice: Barriers to Entry in Merger Analysis

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 25 May 2007 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2008
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 473 (43,857)
Citation 2

Abstract:

mergers, antitrust, competition policy, barriers to entry, Federal Trade Commission

6.

Upward Pressure on Price (UPP) Analysis: Issues and Implications For Merger Policy

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 26 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 24 Jul 2010
Joseph J. Simons and Malcolm B. Coate
Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 384 (53,631)
Citation 5

Abstract:

mergers, unilateral effects, merger simulation, UPP

7.

In Defense of Market Definition

Number of pages: 54 Posted: 02 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 15 Feb 2012
Malcolm B. Coate and Joseph J. Simons
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP
Downloads 378 (53,009)
Citation 3

Abstract:

market definition, merger policy, merger guidelines, critical loss

8.

Models, Mathematics and Critical Loss

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 19 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2010
Malcolm B. Coate and Joseph J. Simons
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP
Downloads 319 (70,111)
Citation 1

Abstract:

critical loss, market definition, merger analysis

9.

Daubert, Science, and Modern Game Theory: Implications for Merger Analysis

Number of pages: 69 Posted: 19 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2009
Malcolm B. Coate and Jeffrey H. Fischer
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 312 (71,752)
Citation 7

Abstract:

Daubert, Economic experts, Merger policy, Philosophy of science, Post-Chicago economics, Economic methodology, Falsification

10.

Twenty Years of Federal Trade Commission Merger Enforcement Activity (1985-2004)

Potomac Law and Economics Working Paper No. 05-02
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 21 May 2005
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 290 (83,419)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Merger Guidelines, antitrust, competition policy, federal trade commission

11.

Alive and Kicking: Collusion Theories in Merger Analysis at the Federal Trade Commission

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 15 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2008
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 275 (86,409)
Citation 3

Abstract:

merger, oligopoly, coordinated interaction, Federal Trade Commission, merger guidelines, maverick

12.

Generalized Critical Loss for Market Definition

Potomac Law and Economics Working Paper No. 05-01
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 01 Jun 2005
Malcolm B. Coate and Mark D. Williams
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission
Downloads 273 (83,419)
Citation 3

Abstract:

13.

Bush, Clinton, Bush: Twenty Years of Merger Enforcement at the Federal Trade Commission

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 12 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 02 Oct 2009
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 264 (89,178)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Merger Policy, Federal Trade Commission, unilateral effects, collusion

14.

Unilateral Effects Under the Guidelines: Models, Merits, and Merger Policy

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 05 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 12 May 2011
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 261 (90,278)
Citation 7

Abstract:

Merger Guidelines, Federal Trade Commission, unilateral effects, evidence

15.

An Empirical Analysis of Merger Enforcement under the 1992 Merger Guidelines

Potomac Law and Economics Working Paper No. 05-03
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 21 May 2005
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 259 (93,214)
Citation 12

Abstract:

Merger guidelines, merger enforcement, Federal Trade Commission

16.

Transparency at the Federal Trade Commission: The Horizontal Merger Review Process 1996-2003

Number of pages: 91 Posted: 03 Feb 2005
Malcolm B. Coate and Shawn W. Ulrick
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 255 (95,476)
Citation 18

Abstract:

Antitrust Policy, Mergers, Competition Policy, Herfindahl, Entry Barriers

17.

Counting Rivals or Measuring Share: Modeling Unilateral Effects for Merger Analysis

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 12 Dec 2010 Last Revised: 12 May 2011
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 234 (100,829)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Unilateral Effects, Mergers, Federal Trade Commission, Competitive Analysis

18.

The Truth is Out There: The Microsoft Case Meets Market Realities

Potomac Law and Economics Working Paper No. 04-01
Number of pages: 99 Posted: 31 Dec 2004
Malcolm B. Coate and Jeffrey H. Fischer
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 230 (103,892)

Abstract:

Microsoft, antitrust, monopolization, software, standards, Linux

19.

Unilateral Effects Analysis and the Upward Pricing Pressure Model: Evidence from the Federal Trade Commission

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 11 May 2011 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2011
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 229 (102,129)
Citation 2

Abstract:

mergers, competition policy, unilateral effects, UPP, Federal Trade Commission

20.

Should Economic Theory Control Price Fixing Analysis?

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 11 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2014
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 218 (95,910)
Citation 2

Abstract:

antitrust, price fixing, plus factors, Posner, per-se standard

21.

The Use of Natural Experiments in Merger Analysis

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 29 May 2011 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2013
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 214 (98,704)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Mergers, Competition Policy, Natural Experiments, Federal Trade Commission

22.

Market Definition - Still Needed after All These Years

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 03 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 09 May 2013
Malcolm B. Coate and Jeffrey H. Fischer
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 200 (110,925)
Citation 3

Abstract:

antitrust policy, market definition, merger guidelines, critical loss

23.

The Enhanced Upward Pressure on Price Screen: Merging Markets into the UPP Methodology

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 03 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2011
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 190 (121,016)
Citation 3

Abstract:

mergers, unilateral effects, simulation UPP

24.

Efficiencies in Merger Analysis: An Institutionalist View

Supreme Court Economic Review, Vol. 13, pp. 189-240, 2005
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 19 Mar 2008
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 186 (121,598)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Efficiencies,Mergers,New Institutional Economics,Business Strategy, Buyer Sophistication, Williamson Tradeoff

25.

Why Markets Matter for Evidence-Based Merger Analysis

Oxera Agenda, January 2010
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 03 Mar 2010
Malcolm B. Coate and Jeffrey H. Fischer
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 174 (135,249)

Abstract:

antitrust, market definition, mergers,

26.

An Overview of Transparency at the Federal Trade Commission: Generalities and Innovations in Merger Analysis - Updated

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 03 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2009
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 167 (140,838)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Mergers, Federal Trade Commission, Transparency

27.

Critical Loss vs. Diversion Analysis: Clearing Up the Confusion

The CPI Antitrust Chronicle, No. 1, December 2009
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 Mar 2010
Malcolm B. Coate and Joseph J. Simons
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP
Downloads 150 (143,034)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Antitrust, Market Definition, Critical Loss, Merger Guidelines, Retention Rate, Variable SSNIP

28.

Should DOJ’s Controversial Approach to Market Definition Control Merger Litigation, the Case of US v. H&R Block

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 27 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 24 Oct 2013
Joseph J. Simons and Malcolm B. Coate
Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 140 (149,231)

Abstract:

market definition, critical loss, diversion, H&R Block, Merger Guidelines

29.

Why Can’t We All Just Get Along: Structural Modeling and Natural Experiments in Merger Analysis

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 31 May 2011 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2011
Malcolm B. Coate and Jeffrey H. Fischer
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 138 (159,353)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Structural Models, Natural Experiments, Merger Policy, Falsification, Identification

30.

Influential Evidence in Merger Enforcement at the Federal Trade Commission

Issues in Competition Law and Policy
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 Nov 2005 Last Revised: 05 Oct 2009
Malcolm B. Coate and Shawn W. Ulrick
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 135 (161,206)
Citation 5

Abstract:

Merger Guidelines, Merger Enforcement, Federal Trade Commission

31.

Did the European Union’s Market Dominance Policy Have a Gap? Evidence from Enforcement in the United States

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 30 May 2009 Last Revised: 02 Oct 2009
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 130 (171,636)
Citation 3

Abstract:

merger policy, market dominance, unilateral effects, antitrust, merger gap

32.

Unilateral Effects Analysis in Merger Review: Limits and Opportunities

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 08 Apr 2014
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 125 (176,760)
Citation 1

Abstract:

merger, antitrust, competition policy, guidelines, presumption, unilateral effects

33.

Market Definition is Not Alchemy

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 30 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 29 Jan 2014
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 124 (154,047)

Abstract:

market definition, Lerner Index, Merger Guidelines

34.

Merger Efficiencies at the Federal Trade Commission 1997-2007

Federal Trade Commission Economic Issues Series Working Paper
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 06 Feb 2009
Malcolm B. Coate and Andrew J. Heimert
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 120 (182,245)
Citation 6

Abstract:

Federal Trade Commission, Efficiencies, Mergers, Antitrust Policy, Cost Savings, Merger Guidelines

35.

Critical Loss: Modeling and Application Issues

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 09 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2010
Malcolm B. Coate and Joseph J. Simons
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP
Downloads 118 (177,834)
Citation 1

Abstract:

market definition, merger analysis, critical loss

36.

Do Court Decisions Drive the Federal Trade Commission Enforcement Policy on Merger Settlements?

Review of Industrial Organization, Vol. 34, No. 2, 2009
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 02 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2010
Malcolm B. Coate and Shawn W. Ulrick
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 103 (209,844)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Mergers, Competition Policy, Antitrust, Federal Trade Commission, Courts, Decomposition, Merger Guidelines, Oaxaca decomposition

37.

A Comment on Choosing Among Tools for Assessing Unilateral Effects Analysis

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 01 Oct 2011
Joseph J. Simons and Malcolm B. Coate
Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 99 (208,399)
Citation 1

Abstract:

merger policy, upward pressure on price, UPP, merger simulation, Daubert

38.

Market Definition in Differentiated Goods When the Final Consumer Buys the Good: Insights from the H&R Block Case

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 14 Feb 2014
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 94 (201,564)

Abstract:

market definition, differentiated goods, H&R Block, price discrimination, merger policy

39.

Merger Policy at the Federal Trade Commission: What Changes, What Stays the Same?

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 10 May 2013 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2013
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 91 (198,981)
Citation 1

Abstract:

competition policy, mergers, Federal Trade Commission, guidelines, unilateral effects, collusion

40.

Critical Loss V. Diversion Analysis: Another Attempt at Consensus

CPI Antitrust Journal, Vol. 1, April 2010
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 14 Jun 2010
Malcolm B. Coate and Joseph J. Simons
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP
Downloads 91 (214,063)

Abstract:

antitrust, critical loss, market definition, merger guidelines

41.

Unilateral Effects Analysis in Differentiated Product Markets: Guidelines, Policy, and Change

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 16 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2014
Malcolm B. Coate and Shawn W. Ulrick
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 81 (214,063)
Citation 1

Abstract:

mergers, competition policy, unilateral effects, federal trade commission, decomposition

42.

Do Merger Guidelines Revise or Describe Policy: The Case of the 1997 Efficiency Revision

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 09 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 14 Sep 2011
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 79 (242,947)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Merger Guidelines, Federal Trade Commission, Efficiencies, Fixed Costs

43.

A Meta-Study of Merger Retrospectives in the United States

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 30 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 08 Apr 2014
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 78 (194,004)
Citation 1

Abstract:

mergers, retrospectives, policy evaluation, unilateral effects, coordinated interaction

44.

Modeling the Ease of Entry in Merger Analysis: Can Financial Analysis Move the Ball?

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 22 Mar 2014
Malcolm B. Coate and Arthur J. DelBuono
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Government of the United States of America - Federal Trade Commission
Downloads 53 (272,527)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Entry, Mergers, Net Present Value, Investment, Merger Guidelines

45.

Annotated Bibliography for the Transparency Papers: Version 2.0

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 14 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 22 Jul 2016
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 51 (292,995)

Abstract:

Merger Policy, Federal Trade Commission, Merger Guidelines

46.

Collusion Theories in Merger Analysis: Still Alive and Kicking

Competition Policy International Journal, Spring 2012
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 07 Jul 2012
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 45 (303,032)
Citation 1

Abstract:

merger policy, collusion analysis, coordinated interaction, Fedetal Trade Commission

47.

Practical Considerations for UPP Analysis

CPI Antitrust Chronicle, Vol. 2, June 2011
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 15 Sep 2011
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 45 (305,585)

Abstract:

competition policy, mergers, antitrust, UPP, market definition

48.

Continuity and Change in the 2010 Merger Guidelines

CPI Antitrust Journal, Vol. 2, October 2010
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 15 Sep 2011
Malcolm B. Coate and Joseph J. Simons
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP
Downloads 38 (328,177)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Merger Guidelines, Antitrust, Effects Evidence, UPP

49.

A Test of Political Control of the Bureaucracy: The Case of Mergers

Economics and Politics, Vol. 14, pp. 1-18, 2002
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 18 Mar 2003
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 30 (390,038)
Citation 9

Abstract:

50.

A Test of Political Control of the Bureaucracy: The Case of Mergers (Manuscript Version)

Economics and Politics 14(1), March 2002, 1-18
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 07 Jun 2013
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 21 (390,038)
Citation 9

Abstract:

politics, mergers, public choice, bureaucracy, agenda control

51.

The Merger Review Process at the Federal Trade Commission from 1989 to 2016

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 21 Apr 2017
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 0 (432,915)

Abstract:

Merger Policy, Federal Trade Commission, Unilateral Effects, Collusion, Entry

52.

Does Merger Policy Converge after the 2004 European Union Reforms

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 29 Sep 2016
Mats Bergman, Malcolm B. Coate, Anh T. V. Mai and Shawn W. Ulrick
Södertörn University, Stockholm, U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Sodertorn University (University College of Southern Stockholm) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 0 (343,337)

Abstract:

merger policy, international comparison, decomposition, Lasso, Matching, European Union, Federal Trade Commission

53.

Does Merger Enforcement Depend on the Portion of the Merger Associated with the Competitive Concerns?

Number of pages: 64 Posted: 17 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2016
Malcolm B. Coate and Shawn W. Ulrick
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 0 (259,955)
Citation 1

Abstract:

merger policy, antitrust, Federal Trade Commission, decomposition, matching, merger litigation

54.

Merger Policy at the Federal Trade Commission: What, If Anything, Has Changed?

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 02 Apr 2016
Malcolm B. Coate
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Downloads 0 (259,955)
Citation 1

Abstract:

merger policy, Federal Trade Commission, Merger Guidelines, Efficiencies

55.

Transparency at the Federal Trade Commission: The Horizontal Merger Review Process 1996–2003

Antitrust Law Journal , Vol. 73, No. 2, 2006
Posted: 24 Mar 2012
Malcolm B. Coate and Shawn W. Ulrick
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

Abstract:

56.

Comparing Merger Policies in the European Union and the United States

Review of Industrial Organization, Vol. 36, 2010
Posted: 04 Feb 2011
Södertörn University, Stockholm, U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Stockholm University - Department of Economics and U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

Abstract:

Antitrust, Comparative Regulatory Policy, Merger Policy, Oaxaca Decomposition