Helen L. Norton

University of Colorado School of Law

Associate Professor of Law

401 UCB

Boulder, CO 80309

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

26

DOWNLOADS
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4,374

CITATIONS
Rank 28,899

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 28,899

in Total Papers Citations

8

Scholarly Papers (26)

1.

Intermediaries and Hate Speech: Fostering Digital Citizenship for Our Information Age

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 91, p. 1435, 2011, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-16
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 21 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2014
Danielle Keats Citron and Helen L. Norton
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 599 (15,667)

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cyber hate, hate speech, digital citizenship

2.

Constraining Public Employee Speech: Government's Control of its Workers' Speech to Protect its Own Expression

Duke Law Journal, Vol. 59, No. 1, 2009, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-16
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 12 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2010
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 218 (105,386)

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First Amendment, government speech, public employees, civil rights

3.

Government Speech 2.0

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 87, p. 899, 2010, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-10, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-12
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 28 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2010
Helen L. Norton and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Colorado School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 151 (147,418)
Citation 1

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First Amendment, government speech, constitutional law, cyberlaw

4.

The Supreme Court's Post-Racial Turn Towards A Zero-Sum Understanding of Equality

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 52, p. 197, 2010, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-13
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 05 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 10 Oct 2010
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 146 (143,772)

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equal protection, employment discrimination, civil rights

5.

The Measure of Government Speech: Identifying Expression's Source

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 88, No. 587, 2008, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-14
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 30 Jun 2008
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 136 (156,115)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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first amendment, government speech

6.

Reshaping Federal Jurisdiction: Congress's Latest Challenge to Judicial Review

Wake Forest Law Review, Vol. 41, pp. 1003-1043, 2006, University of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2006-41
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 30 Nov 2006
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 115 (203,052)
Citation 5

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7.

Siri-ously? Free Speech Rights and Artificial Intelligence

110 Northwestern University Law Review 1169 (2016), Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 15-29
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 06 Oct 2016
Toni M. Massaro and Helen L. Norton
University of Arizona College of Law and University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 112 (33,297)

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first amendment, freedom of speech, speech theory, constitutional law, constitutional theory, personhood, computer speech, robots, artificial intelligence, strong artificial intelligence, machine speech, fundamental rights, autonomy, theories of rights

8.

You Can't Ask (Or Say) That: The First Amendment and Civil Rights Restrictions on Decisionmaker Speech

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, Vol. 11, p. 727-778, 2003, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2003-7
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 27 Oct 2003
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 98 (209,576)

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civil rights, First Amendment, commercial speech jurisprudence

9.

The Equal Protection Implications of Government's Hateful Speech

54 William and Mary Law Review 159 (2012), U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-05
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 28 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2012
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 95 (209,576)

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government speech, hate speech, equal protection, first amendment

10.

Lies and the Constitution

2012 Supreme Court Review 161 (2013), U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-2
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 12 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2017
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 88 (216,491)

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First Amendment, lies, falsehoods, Alvarez

11.

Government Workers and Government Speech

First Amendment Law Review, Vol. 7, 2008
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 29 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 24 Nov 2008
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 84 (238,144)

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First Amendment, public employees, government speech, civil rights

12.

Stepping Through Grutter's Open Doors: What the University of Michigan Affirmative Action Cases Mean for Race-Conscious Government Decisionmaking

Temple Law Review, Vol. 78, No. 3, p. 543-578, Fall 2005 , U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2005-47
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 25 Aug 2005
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 79 (257,807)

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Constitutional law, affirmative action, diversity, equal protection, employment, financial aid

13.

Not for Attribution: Government's Interest in Protecting the Integrity of its Own Expression

U.C. Davis Law Review, Vol. 37, pp. 1317-1350, 2003-2004, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2006-35
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 21 Jun 2004
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 79 (253,990)
Citation 1

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First Amendment, government speech, expressive integrity

14.

Campaign Speech Law with a Twist: When the Government is the Speaker, Not the Regulator

Emory Law Journal, Vol. 61, p. 209, 2011, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-11
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 11 May 2011 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2012
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 73 (253,990)

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constitutional law, First Amendment, government speech, election law, campaign finance reform

15.

The Government's Lies and the Constitution

91 Indiana Law Journal 73 (2015)
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 07 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2015
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 65 (181,613)

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lies, falsehoods, first amendment, due process

16.

Setting the Tipping Point for Disclosing the Identity of Anonymous Online Speakers: Lessons from Other Disclosure Contexts

Wake Forest Law Review, Vol. 49, 2014
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 20 May 2014
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 51 (296,205)

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disclosure, anonymous, online

17.

Shining a Light on Democracy's Dark Lagoon

South Carolina Law Review, Vol. 61, No. 535, 2010, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-17
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 09 Jun 2010
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 40 (355,055)

Abstract:

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first amendment, government speech

18.

Government Speech in Transition

57 S. Dak. L. Rev. 421 (2012), U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-14
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 13 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2012
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 35 (336,658)

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19.

Secrets, Lies, and Disclosure

27 Journal of Law & Politics 641 (2012), U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-17
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 13 Aug 2012
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 31 (358,313)

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First Amendment, campaign finance, disclosure, election, constitutional law

20.

Imaginary Threats to Government's Expressive Interests

Case Western Reserve Law Review, Forthcoming, University of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 05-11
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 12 Apr 2011
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 22 (398,448)

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constitutional law, First Amendment, government speech, student speech

21.

Government Lies and the Press Clause

University of Colorado Law Review, Vol. 89, 2017-2017, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2017
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 0 (287,015)

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government speech, lies, falsehoods, First Amendment, Press Clause, free speech, free press

22.

Government Speech and the War on Terror

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 86, November 2017, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-13
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 14 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 18 Oct 2017
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 0 (293,894)

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constitutional law, government speech, war, national security, free speech, First Amendment, due process, equal protection

23.

SIRI-OUSLY 2.0: What Artificial Intelligence Reveals about the First Amendment

101 Minnesota Law Review 2481 (2017), Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 17-01, Ohio State Public Law Working Paper No. 374, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-3
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 10 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 27 Sep 2017
Toni M. Massaro, Helen L. Norton and Margot E. Kaminski
University of Arizona College of Law, University of Colorado School of Law and University of Colorado Law School
Downloads 0 (67,417)

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First Amendment, Freedom of Speech, Speech Theory, Constitutional Law, Constitutional Theory, Personhood, Computer Speech, Robots, Artificial Intelligence, Strong Artificial Intelligence, Machine Speech, Fundamental Rights, Autonomy, Theories of Rights

24.

Employers' Duties of Honesty and Accuracy

Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 05 Jan 2017
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 0 (415,724)

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Employer Speech, Fraudulent Misrepresentation, Negligent Misrepsentation

25.

Government Speech and Political Courage

68 Stan. L. Rev. Online 61 (2015)
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 26 Sep 2016
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 0 (425,173)

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government speech, First Amendment, confederate flag

26.

Truth and Lies in the Workplace: Employer Speech and the First Amendment

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 101, 2016
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 28 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2016
Helen L. Norton
University of Colorado School of Law
Downloads 0 (169,586)

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First Amendment, employer speech, commercial speech, workers' rights, constitutional law