James L. Gibson

Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science

Sidney W. Souers Professor of Government

One Brookings Drive

One Brookings Drive

St. Louis, MO 63130

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

32

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5,634

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 11,709

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49

CROSSREF CITATIONS

56

Scholarly Papers (32)

1.

Keeping Your Mouth Shut: Spiraling Self-Censorship in the United States

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 16 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 18 May 2021
James L. Gibson and Joseph L. Sutherland
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Columbia University
Downloads 1,565 (14,077)
Citation 1

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political intolerance; freedom of speech; political repression

2.

The Legitimacy of the United States Supreme Court in a Polarized Polity

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 17 Jun 2006
James L. Gibson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 534 (64,056)
Citation 14

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Institutional Legitimacy, Positivity Bias, Diffuse Support

3.

Supreme Court Nominations, Legitimacy Theory, and the American Public: A Dynamic Test of the Theory of Positivity Bias

Number of pages: 58 Posted: 06 Jul 2007
James L. Gibson and Gregory A. Caldeira
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law
Downloads 425 (84,600)
Citation 5

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Alito Nomination, Supreme Court legitimacy, positivity theory,confirmation politics,public opinion

4.

Has Legal Realism Damaged the Legitimacy of the U.S. Supreme Court?

Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 1491128
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 20 Oct 2009
James L. Gibson and Gregory A. Caldeira
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law
Downloads 363 (101,449)
Citation 6

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5.

Challenges to the Impartiality of State Supreme Courts: Legitimacy Theory and 'New-Style' Judicial Campaigns

American Political Science Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 24 Jun 2007
James L. Gibson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 278 (135,345)
Citation 3

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State Judicial Elections, Institutional Legitimacy, Campaigning, Public Opinion

6.

Knowing About Courts

2nd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 13 Jan 2007
James L. Gibson and Gregory A. Caldeira
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law
Downloads 277 (135,871)
Citation 7

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Public Opinion Toward Courts, Political Knowledge, Positivity Theory

7.

Judicial Symbols and the Link Between Legitimacy and Acquiescence

APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 01 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 16 Aug 2011
Ben Woodson, Milton Lodge and James L. Gibson
State University of New York (SUNY), Stony Brook, State University of New York (SUNY) - Department of Political Science and Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 267 (141,146)

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Judicial Symbols, framing, Supreme Court, Legitimacy, Acquiescence

8.

'New-Style' Judicial Campaigns and the Legitimacy of State High Courts: Results from a National Survey

3rd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Papers
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 23 Oct 2007
James L. Gibson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 146 (244,236)
Citation 8

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Republican Party of Minnesota v. White, Judicial Elections, Campaigning, Attack Ads, Campaign Contributions, Policy Talk

9.

Campaigning for the Bench: The Corrosive Effects of Campaign Speech?

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 30 Dec 2007
James L. Gibson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 138 (255,449)

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judicial elections, campaigning, Republican Party of Minnesota v. White

10.

Legitimacy, Losing, But Accepting: A Test of Positivity Theory and the Effects of Judicial Symbols

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 13 Jun 2014
James L. Gibson, Milton Lodge and Ben Woodson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science, State University of New York (SUNY) - Department of Political Science and State University of New York (SUNY), Stony Brook
Downloads 130 (267,355)
Citation 6

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11.

Public Reverence for the United States Supreme Court: Is the Court Invincible?

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 16 Jul 2012
James L. Gibson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 128 (270,458)
Citation 4

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court legitimacy, public opinion, accepting court decisions

Judicial Impartiality, Campaign Contributions, and Recusals: Results from a National Survey

5th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 17 Jul 2010
James L. Gibson and Gregory A. Caldeira
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law
Downloads 122 (281,601)

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Judicial legitimacy, perceptions of impartiality, judicial campaigning, recusal, judicial election

Judicial Impartiality, Campaign Contributions, and Recusals: Results from a National Survey

Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Vol. 10, Issue 1, pp. 76-103, 2013
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 19 Jan 2013
James L. Gibson and Gregory A. Caldeira
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law
Downloads 2 (799,396)
Citation 1
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13.

Testing Positivity Theory: What Roles do Politicization and Legal Realism Play in Shaping U.S. Supreme Court Legitimacy?

Number of pages: 67 Posted: 09 Mar 2016
James L. Gibson and Michael Nelson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Pennsylvania State University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 118 (287,210)

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judicial legitimacy, public opinion, political communication, ideology, attitude

14.

Is the U.S. Supreme Court's Legitimacy Grounded in Performance Satisfaction and Ideology?

APSA 2013 Annual Meeting Paper, American Political Science Association 2013 Annual Meeting
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 12 Aug 2013
James L. Gibson and Michael Nelson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Pennsylvania State University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 107 (307,464)
Citation 2

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U.S. Supreme Court legitimacy, countermajoritarianism, public opinion, diffuse support

15.

Taming Uncivil Discourse: Does Reappropriating Group Insults Work?

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 10 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2017
James L. Gibson, Lee Epstein and Gregory P. Magarian
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science, Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 93 (337,000)

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reappropriation; intergroup conflict; Asian American politics; free speech; racial insults

16.

Judges, Elections, and the American Mass Public: The Net Effects of Judicial Campaigns on the Legitimacy of Courts

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 08 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2011
James L. Gibson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 93 (337,000)

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17.

Cambodians’ Support for the Rule of Law on the Eve of the Khmer Rouge Trials

Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 1491077
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 20 Oct 2009
James L. Gibson, Jeffrey Sonis and Sokhom Hean
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Department of Social Medicine and Center for Advanced Study
Downloads 93 (337,000)

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18.

From Ferguson’ Streets to Washington’s Marble Arches: Experiences with Legal Authorities, Group Identities, and African American Perceptions of Legal Legitimacy

Number of pages: 55 Posted: 24 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 22 Jun 2016
James L. Gibson and Michael Nelson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Pennsylvania State University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 91 (341,630)

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legal system legitimacy, African Americans, Social Identity Theory

19.

Is Hatred Really the Main Emotional Source of Political Intolerance?

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 07 Jun 2017
James L. Gibson, Christopher Claassen and Joan Barceló
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science, University of Glasgow and Washington University in Saint Louis, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Political Science
Downloads 90 (344,015)
Citation 1

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political tolerance, emotion, sophistication

20.

Campaign Support, Conflicts of Interest, and Judicial Impartiality: Can the Legitimacy of Courts Be Rescued by Recusals?

Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 1491289
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 19 Oct 2009
James L. Gibson and Gregory A. Caldeira
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law
Downloads 89 (346,387)
Citation 5

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21.

Change in Institutional Support for the U.S. Supreme Court: Is the Court’s Legitimacy Imperiled by the Decisions it Makes?

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 16 Jul 2014
James L. Gibson and Michael Nelson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Pennsylvania State University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 80 (369,412)
Citation 5

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22.

De-Conferring Judicial Legitimacy

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 10 Jan 2018
James L. Gibson and Michael Nelson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Pennsylvania State University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 79 (372,188)

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Judicial Legitimacy, Judicial Elections, Caperton v. Massey, Federalism

23.

Does Intolerance Dampen Dissent? Macro-Tolerance and Protest in American Metropolitan Areas

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 26 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 30 May 2017
Christopher Claassen and James L. Gibson
University of Glasgow and Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 74 (386,186)
Citation 3

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Political Tolerance, Politcal Culture, Dissent, Macro-Tolerance, Public Opinion

24.

The Effects of Judicial Campaign Messages on Voter Mobilization: An Experimental Study

APSA 2009 Toronto Meeting Paper
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2009
University of Pennsylvania - Annenberg School for Communication, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and University of Pennsylvania
Downloads 74 (386,186)

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Judicial Election, Voter Turnout, Mobilization, Advertising, Campaign Messages, Experiment

25.

Updating Supreme Court Legitimacy: Testing the 'Rule, Learn, Update' Model of Political Communication

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 08 Mar 2016
James L. Gibson, Miguel Pereira and Jeffrey Ziegler
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science, Washington University in Saint Louis, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Political Science, Students and Emory University - Institute for Quantitative Theory and Methods
Downloads 65 (414,035)

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judicial legitimacy, public opinion, political communication, ideology, attitude

26.

Too Liberal, Too Conservative, or About Right? The Implications of Ideological Dissatisfaction for Supreme Court Legitimacy

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 05 Oct 2015
James L. Gibson and Michael Nelson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Pennsylvania State University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 61 (427,488)
Citation 2

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Supreme Court Legitimacy, Public Opinion, Diffuse Support

27.

THE CONSEQUENCES OF ELECTIONS: THREATS TO THE LEGITIMACY OF AMERICAN DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS FROM TRUMP AND THE 2020 U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

Number of pages: 84 Posted: 12 Apr 2021
James L. Gibson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 21 (620,492)

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institutional legitimacy, threats to democracy, 2020 presidential election, democratic theory, U.S. Supreme Court

28.

After the Storm: Racial Differences in Allegiance to America’s Democracy

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 03 Jun 2021
James L. Gibson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 14 (670,442)

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Democratic Legitimacy, Threats to Democracy, Black Public Opinion, Consequences of 2020 Presidential Election

29.

Rescuing the GSS’s Measures of Political Intolerance

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 20 May 2021
James L. Gibson and Jenna Pedersen
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Washington University in St. Louis
Downloads 9 (708,879)

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Political intolerance, General Social Survey, Change Over Time, Least-liked Tolerance

30.

Performance Evaluations are Not Legitimacy Judgments: A Caution About Interpreting Public Opinions Toward the U.S. Supreme Court

Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, Vol. 54, 2017
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Jul 2018
James L. Gibson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
Downloads 8 (716,486)
Citation 1

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Legitimacy; Polarization; U.S. Supreme Court and Public Opinion

31.

Reconsidering Positivity Theory: What Roles Do Politicization, Ideological Disagreement, and Legal Realism Play in Shaping U.S. Supreme Court Legitimacy?

Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Vol. 14, Issue 3, pp. 592-617, 2017
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 11 Aug 2017
James L. Gibson and Michael Nelson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Pennsylvania State University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 0 (793,963)
Citation 1
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32.

The Legitimacy of the US Supreme Court: Conventional Wisdoms and Recent Challenges Thereto

Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10, pp. 201-219, 2014
Posted: 05 Nov 2014
James L. Gibson and Michael Nelson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science and Pennsylvania State University - Department of Political Science

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