John Gastil

Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

87

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21,575

CITATIONS
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Top 5,444

in Total Papers Citations

94

Ideas:
“  My next major project investigates the potential for a more deliberative online system of public consultatino and civic engagement, which I initially described in this white paper: http://ash.harvard.edu/links/building-democracy-machine-toward-integrated-and-empowered-form-civic-engagement. I'm also continuing collaborative research on the Citizens' Initiative Review (CIR) and invite anyone interested in analyzing those data to contact me directly.  ”

Scholarly Papers (87)

1.

The Second National Risk and Culture Study: Making Sense of - and Making Progress In - The American Culture War of Fact

GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 370, Yale Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 154, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 370, Harvard Law School Program on Risk Regulation Research Paper No. 08-26
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 26 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2013
Yale University - Law School, George Washington University - Law School, Decision Research, Pennsylvania State University and University of Colorado - Department of Psychology
Downloads 4,809 (1,422)
Citation 5

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cultural cognition, risk perception, risk regulation, nuclear power, global warming, terrorism, gun control, school shootings, HPV, nanotechnology

2.

Culture and Identity-Protective Cognition: Explaining the White Male Effect in Risk Perception

Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 465-505, November 2007, Yale Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 152
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 28 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2013
Yale University - Law School, George Washington University - Law School, Pennsylvania State University, Decision Research and Decision Research
Downloads 3,623 (2,352)
Citation 14

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white male effect, risk, risk perception, cultural cognition

3.

Who Fears the HPV Vaccine, Who Doesn't, and Why? An Experimental Study of the Mechanisms of Cultural Cognition

Law and Human Behavior, Vol. 34, pp. 501-16, 2010, Cultural Cognition Project Working Paper No. 38, Harvard Law School Program on Risk Regulation Research Paper No. 08-19, Yale Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 163
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 17 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2013
Yale University - Law School, George Washington University - Law School, University of Colorado - Department of Psychology, Decision Research and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 2,140 (5,773)
Citation 8

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4.

Fear of Democracy: A Cultural Evaluation of Sunstein on Risk

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 119, 2006, Yale Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 100, Yale Law & Economics Research Paper No. 317
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 12 Sep 2005
Yale University - Law School, Decision Research, George Washington University - Law School and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 2,041 (6,240)
Citation 20

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5.

Gender, Race, and Risk Perception: The Influence of Cultural Status Anxiety

1st Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 16 May 2005
Yale University - Law School, George Washington University - Law School, Pennsylvania State University, Decision Research and Decision Research
Downloads 1,867 (7,308)
Citation 3

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6.

Affect, Values, and Nanotechnology Risk Perceptions: An Experimental Investigation

GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 261, Yale Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 155, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 261, 2nd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 Mar 2007 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2014
Yale University - Law School, Decision Research, George Washington University - Law School, Pennsylvania State University and University of Colorado - Department of Psychology
Downloads 1,684 (8,685)
Citation 8

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risk, norms, cultural cognition, emotion, nanotechnology

7.

The 'Wildavsky Heuristic': The Cultural Orientation of Mass Political Opinion

Yale Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 107
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 28 Oct 2005
Pennsylvania State University, George Washington University - Law School, Yale University - Law School and Decision Research
Downloads 1,260 (13,829)
Citation 2

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Heuristics, gun control, capital punishment, politics

8.

Cultural Cognition of the Risks and Benefits of Nanotechnology

Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 87-91, 2009, Yale Law School, Public Law Working
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 08 Dec 2009
Yale University - Law School, George Washington University - Law School, Decision Research, Pennsylvania State University and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 936 (21,730)
Citation 13

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cultural cognition, nanotechnology, risk perception, biased assimilation, polarization

9.

Biased Assimilation, Polarization, and Cultural Credibility: An Experimental Study of Nanotechnology Risk Perceptions

Harvard Law School Program on Risk Regulation Research Paper No. 08-25
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 05 Feb 2008
Yale University - Law School, Decision Research, George Washington University - Law School, Pennsylvania State University, University of Colorado - Department of Psychology and Yale University - Law School
Downloads 670 (34,758)
Citation 2

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nanotechnology, cultural cognition, risk perception, cultural credibility heuristic, polarization, biased assimilation

10.

The Future of Nanotechnology Risk Perceptions: An Experimental Investigation of Two Hypotheses

Harvard Law School Program on Risk Regulation Research Paper No. 08-24
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 06 Feb 2008
Yale University - Law School, George Washington University - Law School, Decision Research, Pennsylvania State University and University of Colorado - Department of Psychology
Downloads 638 (37,046)
Citation 4

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nanotechnology, cultural cognition, risk perception

11.

Jury Service as an Invitation to Citizenship: Assessing the Civic Value of Institutionalized Deliberation

U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-32
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 05 Oct 2006
John Gastil and Phil Weiser
Pennsylvania State University and University of Colorado Law School
Downloads 166 (166,085)
Citation 1

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Jury Service, Deliberation, Initiatives and Referenda

Deliberative Democracy and the American Civil Jury

Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 16 Jul 2014
Valerie P. Hans, John Gastil and Traci Feller
Cornell University - School of Law, Pennsylvania State University and University of Washington
Downloads 89 (267,599)

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civil jury, deliberative democracy, jury service, political participation

Deliberative Democracy and the American Civil Jury

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 07 Mar 2014
Valerie P. Hans, John Gastil and Traci Feller
Cornell University - School of Law, Pennsylvania State University and University of Washington
Downloads 40 (402,850)

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Deliberative Democracy and the American Civil Jury

Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Vol. 11, Issue 4, pp. 697-717, 2014
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 29 Oct 2014
Valerie P. Hans, John Gastil and Traci Feller
Cornell University - School of Law, Pennsylvania State University and University of Washington
Downloads 1 (629,337)
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13.

Vicarious Deliberation: How the Oregon Citizens' Initiative Review Influenced Deliberation in Mass Elections

International Journal of Communication, 8, 62-89 (2014)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 02 Feb 2014
Pennsylvania State University, University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service and Colorado State University, Fort Collins
Downloads 99 (247,878)

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minipublics, democratic deliberation, deliberative democracy, ballot measures, direct democracy, Oregon Citizens' Initiative Review, Citizens' Initiative Review

14.

A Meta-Analytic Review of the Productivity and Satisfaction of Democratic and Autocratic Leadership

Small Group Research Vol. 25 No, 3, Augu. 1994, 384-410
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 23 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 92 (263,642)

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political opinion, autocracy, democracy, democratic approval

15.

Embracing Digital Democracy: A Call for Building an Online Civic Commons

PS: Political Science & Politics, 50(3):758-763 (July 2017), DOI:10.1017/S1049096517000555
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 06 Nov 2016 Last Revised: 28 Jun 2017
John Gastil and Robert C. Richards
Pennsylvania State University and University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service
Downloads 86 (273,165)

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Civic engagement, Gamification, Serious games, Participatory democracy, Deliberative democracy, Democratic deliberation, Online civic participation

16.

Legislation by Amateurs: The Role of Legal Details and Knowledge in Initiative Deliberation

NCA 2013: National Communication Association Annual Conference, November 21-24, 2013, Washington, DC
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 08 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 16 Jan 2014
Robert C. Richards and John Gastil
University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 79 (285,454)

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Deliberation, Political Conversation, Participation, Elections, Campaigns, Ballot Measures, Direct Democracy, Ballot Initiatives, Initiative Elections, Deliberative Democracy, Democratic Deliberation, Legal Communication

17.

Jury Service and Electoral Participation: A Test of the Participation Hypothesis

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 03 Apr 2007
Pennsylvania State University, New Jersey Institute of Technology, University of Colorado Law School and Washington Senate Republican Caucus
Downloads 67 (313,245)
Citation 4

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jury service, political participation

18.

Public Deliberation as the Organizing Principle of Political Communication Research

Journal of Public Deliberation Vol. 4, Iss. 1 Article 3
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 17 Feb 2016
John Gastil and Laura Black
Pennsylvania State University and Ohio University
Downloads 66 (315,746)
Citation 2

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community, democracy, deliberation, discussion, elections, jury decision making, media system, political communication, public opinion, public meetings

19.

Empowering Citizen Deliberation in Direct Democratic Elections: A Field Study of the 2012 Oregon Citizens’ Initiative Review

Field Actions Science Reports (FACTS Reports), 11, 1-10, 2014
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 08 Nov 2014
Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Pennsylvania State University, University of Washington and University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service
Downloads 60 (331,545)

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Civic education, Deliberative democracy, Initiative, Referendum, Civic engagement, Political knowledge,

20.

Norms of Deliberation: An Inductive Study

Journal of Public Deliberation: Vol. 2: Iss. 1, Article 7, 2006
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 27 Feb 2016
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Curtin University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 57 (339,874)
Citation 1

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Deliberation, Inductive Study, Deliberative ideal

21.

Seeing is Believing: The Impact of Jury Service on Attitudes Toward Legal Institutions and the Implications for International Jury Reform

Court Review 48 (2012): 124-130, ANU College of Law Research Paper No. 14-50
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 13 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 11 Feb 2015
Pennsylvania State University, University of California Santa Cruz, The University of Western Australia and Australian National University - ANU College of Law
Downloads 55 (345,795)

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Jury, Legal Reform, Cross-National Research

22.

How Citizen Representatives Address the Epistemic Challenges of Democratic Citizenship

APSA 2013 Annual Meeting Paper, American Political Science Association 2013 Annual Meeting
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 27 Aug 2013
Mark E. Warren and John Gastil
University of British Columbia (UBC) - Department of Political Science and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 53 (351,888)

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democracy, deliberation, heuristics, motivated reasoning, political participation, public trust

23.

The Cultural Orientation of Mass Political Opinion

Political Science & Politics, vol. 44, iss. 4, pp. 711–714.
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 14 Apr 2016
Pennsylvania State University, George Washington University - Law School, Yale University - Law School and Decision Research
Downloads 42 (387,659)
Citation 2

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public opinion, cultural cognition

24.

Ending Polarization: The Good News About the Culture Wars

Boston Review
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 31 Mar 2016
John Gastil, Dan M. Kahan and Donald Braman
Pennsylvania State University, Yale University - Law School and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 40 (394,784)

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polarization, ending polarization, culture wars, cultural affinity, deliberative outcomes

25.

Thinking, Drinking, and Driving: Application of the Theory of Reasoned Action to DWI Prevention

Journal of Applied Social Psychology Vol. 30 Iss. 11, pp. 2217-2232.
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 16 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 36 (410,226)

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drinking and driving, reasoned action

26.

The Aims, Methods, and Effects of Deliberative Civic Education Through the National Issues Forums

Communications Education Vol. 48, July 1999
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 10 Apr 2016
John Gastil and James Dillard
Pennsylvania State University and Pennsylvania State University - Department of Communication Arts & Sciences
Downloads 29 (439,522)

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civic education, deliberation, democracy, National Issues Forums, small group communication, study circles

27.

Pathways of Immigrant Political Socialization: Examining the Role of News Media, Social Connections, and Community Interaction

Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 2014
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 18 Mar 2016
John Gastil and Wenlin Liu
Pennsylvania State University and University of Southern California, Annenberg School for Communication, Students
Downloads 28 (444,274)

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Immigrant Political Socialization; News Media Use; Communication Networks; Community; Political Knowledge; Political Participation

28.

Is Deliberation Neutral? Patterns of Attitude Change During 'The Deliberative Polls™'

Journal of Public Deliberation: Vol. 6: Iss. 2, Article 3 (2010)
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 28 Jan 2016
John Gastil, Chiara Bacci and Michael Dollinger
Pennsylvania State University, European Union - Committee of the Regions and Free University of Berlin (FUB)
Downloads 28 (444,274)

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deliberation, attitudes, deliberative polls, neutral

29.

Undemocratic Discourse: A Review of Theory and Research on Political Discourse

Discourse and Society vol. 3 no. 4 pp. 469-500
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 16 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 27 (449,188)

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political discourse, democratic deliberation, political theory, democratic theory

30.

When Good Voters Make Bad Policies: Assessing and Improving the Deliberative Quality of Initiative Elections

University of Colorado Law Review, vol. 78, pp. 1435-1488
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 31 Mar 2016
John Gastil, Justin Reedy and Chris Wells
Pennsylvania State University, University of Washington and Independent
Downloads 26 (454,258)
Citation 1

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initiative elections, deliberative outcomes, voting behavior, deliberation and elections, deliberation and voting

31.

Terrorism and Small Groups: An Analytical Framework for Group Disruption

Small Group Research, Vol. 44, Pp. 599-626
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 21 Mar 2016
Justin Reedy, John Gastil and Michael Gabbay
University of Washington, Pennsylvania State University and University of Washington
Downloads 26 (454,258)

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cohesion, decision making, virtual groups, conflict, group, formation/dissolution

32.

Variations of Institutional Design for Empowered Deliberation

Journal of Public Deliberation, Vol. 11, Iss. 1, Article 2.
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 17 Mar 2016
Carolina Johnson and John Gastil
University of Washington and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 26 (454,258)

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deliberative democracy, democratic innovation, participatory governance, legitimacy, participatory democracy

33.

When Citizens and Officeholders Meet Part 2: A Typology of Face-to-Face Public Meetings

International Journal of Public Participation 01/2008; 2(1):33-54.
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 21 Feb 2016
John Gastil and Todd Kelshaw
Pennsylvania State University and Montclair State University
Downloads 26 (454,258)

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Deliberation, face-to-face meetings, communication, democratic participation

34.

Can Deliberative Mini-Publics Address the Cognitive Challenges of Democratic Citizenship?

Journal of Politics, Vol. 77, pp. 562-574.
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 31 May 2016
Mark E. Warren and John Gastil
University of British Columbia (UBC) - Department of Political Science and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 25 (459,364)

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democratic deliberation, deliberative theory, political knowledge, citizenship, deliberative democracy, cognitive processes, opinion formation

35.

Communicating Trust, Community, and Process in Public Meetings: A Reflection on How Close Attention to Communication Can Contribute to the Future of Public Participation

The International Journal of Public Participation: Vol. 3: Num. 2, 2009
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 28 Jan 2016
Laura Black, James Leighter and John Gastil
Ohio University, Creighton University and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 24 (464,657)

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deliberation, public meetings, communication

36.

Did They Deliberate? Applying an Evaluative Model of Democratic Deliberation to the Oregon Citizens' Initiative Review

Journal of Applied Communication Research, 2013
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 23 Mar 2016
Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Pennsylvania State University, University of Washington and University of Wisconsin - Madison
Downloads 23 (469,877)

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Deliberation; Democratic Theory; Evaluation; Group Communication; Initiative Elections; Political Communication; Public Forums

37.

Assessing the Difference Critique of Deliberation: Gender, Emotion, and the Jury Experience

Communication Theory: Volume 18, Issue 2, pages 281-303, 2008
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Feb 2016
Andrea Hickerson and John Gastil
University of Washington and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 23 (469,877)
Citation 1

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Public Deliberation, Gender, Perceptions of Deliberation, Gender and deliberation, emotion and juries, jury deliberation, deliberative theory, jury theory

38.

Deliberation

G. Mazzoleni (Ed.). (2016). International Encyclopedia of Political Communication. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.1002/9781118541555
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2016
Robert C. Richards and John Gastil
University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 23 (469,877)

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democratic deliberation, deliberative democracy, political communication

39.

Symbolic-Cognitive Proceduralism: A Model of Deliberative Legitimacy

Journal of Public Deliberation, 11(2), Article 3 (2015)
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 29 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2015
Robert C. Richards and John Gastil
University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 23 (469,877)

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cognition, communication ethics, democratic deliberation, political communication, political knowledge, legitimacy

40.

A Definition of Small Group Democracy

Small Group Research vol. 23 no. 3, pp. 278-301
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 16 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 20 (486,365)

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democracy, small group, democratic theory

41.

How Balanced Discussion Shapes Knowledge, Public Perceptions, and Attitudes: A Case Study of Deliberation on the Los Alamos National Laboratory

Journal of Public Deliberation: Vol. 2: Iss. 1, Article 4, 2006
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 26 Feb 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 20 (486,365)
Citation 1

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deliberation, public opinion, public attitudes, public knowledge, democratic deliberation, los alamos national laboratory

42.

New Ideas on Public Deliberation from Young Scholars. Introduction: Innovations in Deliberative Electoral Designs

Journal of Public Deliberation, 9(2) (2013)
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 14 Mar 2014
John Gastil and Robert C. Richards
Pennsylvania State University and University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service
Downloads 20 (486,365)

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democratic deliberation, deliberative democracy, Citizens' Initiative Review, ballot initiatives, direct democracy

43.

Connecting Micro-Deliberation to Electoral Decision Making: Institutionalizing the Oregon Citizens' Initiative Review

Book Chapter in Anna Przybylska (Ed.), Deliberation and democracy: Innovative processes and institutions. New York: Peter Lang, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 31 Mar 2016
Pennsylvania State University, Colorado State University, Fort Collins and Independent
Downloads 19 (491,849)

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CIR, citizen initiative review, institutionalizing democratic initiatives, democratic deliberation, deliberative theory, electoral decision making, voting behavior

44.

Do Juries Deliberate? A Study of Deliberation, Individual Difference, and Group Member Satisfaction at a Municipal Courthouse

Small Group Research: Vol. 38, Num. 3
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 22 Feb 2016
Pennsylvania State University, Ohio State University (OSU) and Humboldt State University
Downloads 19 (491,849)
Citation 1

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decision making, jury deliberation, political knowledge, political efficacy, satisfaction

45.

Deliberation Across the Cultural Divide: Assessing the Potential for Reconciling Conflicting Cultural Orientations to Reproductive Technology

George Washington Law Review, Vol. 76, pp. 1772-1797
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 31 Mar 2016
Pennsylvania State University, University of Washington, George Washington University - Law School and Yale University - Law School
Downloads 18 (497,242)
Citation 1

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deliberation, cultural divide, cultural easing, deliberative easing, deliberative impacts, deliberation theory

46.

Democratic Parenting: Paradoxical Messages in Democratic Parent Education Theories

International Review of Education, Vol. 59, Pp. 113-129
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 22 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 30 May 2016
Shlomit Oryan and John Gastil
Oranim Academic College and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 18 (497,242)

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Democratic parenting, Parent education, Educational paradoxes, Family decision making, Adlerian parent education, Parent effectiveness training, Education for democracy

47.

From the Secret Ballot to the Public Vote: Examining Voters’ Experience of Political Discussion in Vote-by-Mail Elections

Political Communication, Vol. 33, Pp. 39–58, 2015
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 22 Mar 2016
Justin Reedy, John Gastil and Patricia Moy
University of Washington, Pennsylvania State University and Washington University in St. Louis
Downloads 18 (497,242)

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political discussion, political conversation, civic engagement, political knowledge

48.

Deliberation at the Margins: Participant Accounts of Face-to-Face Public Deliberation at the 1999-2000 World Trade Protests in Seattle and Prague

Qualitative Research Reports in Communication, Volume V 2004 Pages 1-7
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 16 Mar 2016
John Gastil and Mark West
Pennsylvania State University and Northwestern University
Downloads 17 (502,632)

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face-to-face deliberation, protests, direct accounts, deliberation, participatory democracy

49.

Generic Pronouns and Sexist Language: The Oxymoronic Character of Masculine Generics

Sex Roles, Vol. 23, No. 11-12, 1990
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 22 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 16 (508,034)

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communications, deliberation, grammar, sexist language

50.

Civic (Re)Socialisation: The Educative Effects of Deliberative Participation

Politics: 2014, Vol. 35, pp.183-200
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 17 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 30 May 2016
Katherine Knobloch and John Gastil
Colorado State University, Fort Collins and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 15 (513,566)

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deliberative participation, socialization, civic engagement, deliberative benefits, democratic deliberation, democratic theory, deliberative theory

51.

Deliberating While Voting: The Antecedents, Dynamics, and Consequences of Talking While Completing Ballots in Two Vote-by-Mail States

Journal of Public Deliberation, Vol. 11 [2015], Iss. 1, Art. 6
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 17 Mar 2016
Justin Reedy and John Gastil
University of Washington and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 14 (519,157)

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absentee voting, voting by mail, deliberative elections, discussion, political knowledge

52.

Why We Believe in Democracy: Testing Theories of Attitude Functions and Democracy

Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 1992,22,6, pp. 423-450
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 16 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 14 (519,157)

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political attitude, democratic deliberation, public opinion, democratic representation

53.

Testing Assumptions in Deliberative Democratic Design: A Preliminary Assessment of the Efficacy of the Participedia Data Archive as an Analytic Tool

Journal of Public Deliberation, 13(2), Article 1.
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 28 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2017
Pennsylvania State University, University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service, University of Southampton and University of Westminster
Downloads 13 (524,660)

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Deliberative democracy, Democratic deliberation, Participatory democracy, Participedia, Meta-synthesis

54.

How Voters Become Misinformed: An Investigation of the Emergence and Consequences of False Factual Beliefs

Social Science Quarterly, Volume 95, Number 5
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 23 Mar 2016
Justin Reedy, Chris Wells and John Gastil
University of Washington, Independent and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 13 (524,660)

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democracy, public opinion, voting behavior, political communication, voter opinion, democratic deliberation

55.

From Group Member to Democratic Citizen: How Deliberating with Fellow Jurors Reshapes Civic Attitudes

Human Communication Research 34 (2008) 137–169
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 17 Feb 2016
Pennsylvania State University, Ohio University, New Jersey Institute of Technology and Creighton University
Downloads 13 (524,660)

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Public Opinions, Civic Attitudes, Public Deliberation, Democratic Deliberation

56.

Information Distortion and Voting Choices: Assessing the Origins and Effects of Factual Beliefs in an Initiative Election

Political Psychology Vol. 30, No. 6, 2009
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 15 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2016
Pennsylvania State University, Independent, University of Washington and Independent
Downloads 13 (524,660)

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Heuristic processing, Initiative elections, Misinformation, Motivated reasoning, Political sophistication, Public opinion

57.

Inspiring and Informing Citizens Online: A Media Richness Analysis of Varied Civic Education Modalities

Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 2015
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 10 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 30 May 2016
Pennsylvania State University - Department of Communication Arts & Sciences, Pennsylvania State University and University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service
Downloads 12 (530,337)

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Deliberation, Online Deliberation, Democratic Deliberation, Civic Engagement, Media Richness Theory, Political Communication, Interactivity

58.

There's More than One Way to Legislate: An Integration of Representative, Direct, and Deliberative Approaches to Democratic Governance

University of Colorado Law Review, vol. 72, pp. 1005-1028
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 31 Mar 2016
John Gastil, Mark Smith and Cindy Simmons
Pennsylvania State University, University of Washington and Energy NewsData
Downloads 11 (535,776)

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democratic governance, deliberative democracy, democratic outcomes, representative democracy, direct democracy

59.

How Jury Service Makes Us into Better Citizens

The Jury Expert, vol. 21 iss. 3
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 31 Mar 2016
E. Pierre Deess and John Gastil
New Jersey Institute of Technology and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 11 (535,776)

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jury service, democratization, citizenship, identity formation

60.

Identifying Obstacles to Small Group Democracy

Small Group Research Vol. 24 No. 1 pp. 5-27
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 16 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 11 (535,776)

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democracy, democratic deliberation, democratic theory, deliberation theory

61.

Of Attitudes and Engagement: Clarifying the Reciprocal Relationship between Civic Attitudes and Political Participation

Journal of Communication: Volume 6: Iss. 2 (2010)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 28 Jan 2016
John Gastil and Michael Xenos
Pennsylvania State University and University of Wisconsin - Madison
Downloads 11 (535,776)

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political participation, civic attitudes, ideology, civic engagement, political engagement

62.

Deliberation and Global Criminal Justice: Juries in the International Criminal Court

Ethics & International Affairs, 24, 69-90, 2010
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 20 Jan 2016
John Gastil, Colin Lingle and E. Pierre Deess
Pennsylvania State University, University of Washington and New Jersey Institute of Technology
Downloads 10 (541,291)

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deliberation, global justice, juries, World Court

63.

The Potential of Participedia as a Crowdsourcing Tool for Comparative Analysis of Democratic Innovations

Policy & Internet, 7(2), 243-262 (2015)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 02 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 30 May 2016
Graham Smith, Robert C. Richards and John Gastil
University of Westminster, University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 10 (541,291)

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democracy, participatory democracy, deliberative democracy, democratic deliberation, crowdsourcing, democratic innovation, eparticipation

64.

The Magic of Raymond: How Jury Orientation Prepares Citizens for Jury Service

The Court Manager: Vol. 21, Iss. 2, 2006
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 27 Feb 2016
Alevtina Gall and John Gastil
Washington University in St. Louis and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 9 (546,655)

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jury orientations, jury service, deliberative democracy, the magic of Raymond

65.

Public Scholarship, Graduate Education, and the Research University

Higher Education Exchange 2007, pp. 4-11. Dayton, OH: Kettering Foundation Press
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 31 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University
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public scholarship, graduate education, research university, course impacts

66.

Beyond Green Chiles and Coyotes: The Changing Shape of New Mexico's Political-Cultural Regions from 1967 to 1997

New Mexico Historical Review Vol. 77, No. 2
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 16 Mar 2016
Pennsylvania State University, University of Oklahoma - Department of Political Science and Independent
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New Mexico, Political Cultural Regions, Political Demography

67.

When Citizens and Officeholders Meet Part 1: Variations in the Key Elements of Public Meetings

The International Journal of Public Participation: Volume I, Issue 2 December 2007
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Feb 2016
John Gastil and Todd Kelshaw
Pennsylvania State University and Montclair State University
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deliberation, public meetings, communication, public participation, variations in public meetings, democratic participation, democratic deliberation

68.

Making Direct Democracy Deliberative Through Random Assemblies

ASA 2012: The Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, 2012
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 26 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 30 May 2016
John Gastil and Robert C. Richards
Pennsylvania State University and University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service
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Deliberative democracy, Democratic deliberation, Direct democracy, Random selection, Ballot initiatives, Ballot measures, Referenda

69.

Exploring the Psychological Foundations of Democratic Group Deliberation: Personality Factors, Confirming Interaction, and Democratic Decision Making

Communication Research Reports, Vol. 19, Num. 1, Pp. 56
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 16 Mar 2016
John Gastil and Kevin Sager
Pennsylvania State University and SUNY College at Brockport
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Democratic decision making, group decision making, deliberative decision making

70.

Beyond Endorsements and Partisan Cues: Giving Voters Viable Alternatives to Unreliable Cognitive Shortcuts

The Good Society, Volume 23, Number 2, 2014, pp. 145-159
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 16 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University
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voting theory, public opinion, democratic theory, political science, communications, deliberation

71.

Collective Identity and Voice at the Australian Citizens' Parliament

Journal of Public Deliberation: Vol. 8: Iss. 1, Article 5.
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 26 Jan 2016
Pennsylvania State University, Australian National University (ANU), Curtin University and Western Sydney University
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public deliberation, Australian Parliament, collective voice, collective identity, political representation, parliamentary representation, identity politics

72.

Effects of Campaign-to-User and Text-Based Interactivity in Political Candidate Campaign Websites

Journal of Computer ­Mediated Communication, 10 (3), article 5, 2005
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 04 Mar 2016
Washington University in St. Louis, University of Wisconsin - Madison, University of Washington and Pennsylvania State University
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candidates, interaction, campaign, website, communication, political communication, political advertising

73.

Is Face-to-Face Citizen Deliberation a Luxury or a Necessity?

Political Communication, vol. 17, pp. 357-361
Posted: 31 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University

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face-to-face deliberation, deliberative outcomes, deliberative democracy, democratic interaction, democratic foundations

74.

The Political Beliefs and Orientations of People with Disabilities

Posted: 23 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University

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political beliefs, public opinion, political beliefs of people with disabilities, minority opinion

75.

The Australian Citizens’ Parliament: Forging Shared Identity Through Public Deliberation

Journal of Public Affairs, Vol. 10, Pp. 353-371
Posted: 23 Mar 2016
Pennsylvania State University, Curtin University, Independent and Australian National University (ANU)

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public deliberation, Australian citizens parliament, shared identity, deliberative democracy

76.

At the Convergence of Input and Process Models of Group Discussion: A Comparison of Participation Rates Across Time, Persons, and Groups

Communications Monographs, Vol. 81, No. 2, June 2014, Pp. 179-207
Posted: 22 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 30 May 2016
University of Arizona, Pennsylvania State University, University of Pittsburgh and Independent

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participation, deliberation, group interaction, multi-level modeling, decision making

77.

What Does it Mean to Deliberate? An Interpretative Account of Jurors’ Expressed Deliberative Rules and Premises

Communication Quarterly, Vol. 61, No. 2, Pp. 151-171
Posted: 21 Mar 2016
John Gastil and Leah Sprain
Pennsylvania State University and University of Colorado at Boulder

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deliberation, jury theory, jury deliberation, deliberation theory

78.

A Definition and Illustration of Democratic Leadership

Human Relations, Vol 47, No. 8, 1994
Posted: 17 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University

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Democratic leadership

79.

Reaching Consensus on Consensus: A Study of the Relationships between Individual Decision-Making Styles and Use of the Consensus Decision-Rule

Communication Quarterly; Winter 1999; Vol. 47, Iss. 1
Posted: 17 Mar 2016
Kevin Sager and John Gastil
SUNY College at Brockport and Pennsylvania State University

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consensus, group decision-making, deliberative decision making, decision making styles

80.

Increasing Political Sophistication Through Public Deliberation

Political Communication, Vol.16 pp.3–23
Posted: 17 Mar 2016
John Gastil and James Dillard
Pennsylvania State University and Pennsylvania State University - Department of Communication Arts & Sciences

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public deliberation, political sophistication, democratic deliberation, deliberative democracy, political efficacy, political education

81.

Civic Awakening in the Jury Room: A Test of the Connection between Jury Deliberation and Political Participation

The Journal of Politics, (2002), Vol. 64, No. 2, Pp. 585-595
Posted: 15 Mar 2016
John Gastil, E. Pierre Deess and Phil Weiser
Pennsylvania State University, New Jersey Institute of Technology and University of Colorado Law School

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jury deliberation, political participation, jury theory, deliberation theory

82.

A Conceptual Definition and Theoretical Model of Public Deliberation in Small Face-to-Face Groups

Communication Theory: Vol. 12, Iss. 4; p. 398-422
Posted: 15 Mar 2016
Humboldt State University, Pennsylvania State University and Montclair State University

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face-to-face groups, public deliberation, theoretical model, deliberative theory

83.

Adult Civic Education Through the National Issues Forums: Developing Democratic Habits and Dispositions Through Public Deliberation

Adult Education Quarterly, Vol 54, No. 4, 308-328 (2004)
Posted: 15 Mar 2016
John Gastil
Pennsylvania State University

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civic education, democracy, National Issues Forums, self-efficacy, political participation, public deliberation

84.

Endorsements as Voting Cues: Heuristic and Systematic Processing in Initiative Elections.

Journal of Applied Social Psychology: Vol. 34, Iss. 11, pp. 2215–2231. (2004)
Posted: 07 Mar 2016
Mark R. Forehand, John Gastil and Mark Smith
University of Washington - Michael G. Foster School of Business, Pennsylvania State University and University of Washington

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organizational endorsements, voter attitudes, public opinion, cues, initiative election

85.

The Origins and Consequences of Consensus Decision Making: A Test of the Social Consensus Model

Southern Communication Journal: Vol. 71, Iss. 1, 2006
Posted: 04 Mar 2016
Kevin Sager and John Gastil
SUNY College at Brockport and Pennsylvania State University

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decision making, group, interaction, Social Consensus Model, deliberation

86.

Predicting Deliberative Conversation: The Impact of Discussion Networks, Media Use, and Political Cognitions

Political Communication: Vol. 23; Iss. 4; 443-460, 2006
Posted: 27 Feb 2016
John Gastil and Patricia Moy
Pennsylvania State University and Washington University in St. Louis

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deliberation, political conversation, political participation, media effects

87.

Ideology, Attitude Change, and Deliberation in Small Face-to-Face Groups

Political Communication: Vol. 25, Iss. 1
Posted: 17 Feb 2016
John Gastil, Laura Black and Kara Moscovitz
Pennsylvania State University, Ohio University and Independent

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attitude change, Big Five personality factors, decision making, deliberation, democracy, ideology, polarization, public opinion, small group communication