Frank Zhang

Yale School of Management

Professor of Accounting

135 Prospect Street

P.O. Box 208200

New Haven, CT 06520-8200

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

38

DOWNLOADS
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39,681

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 1,589

in Total Papers Citations

503

CROSSREF CITATIONS

299

Scholarly Papers (38)

1.

High-Frequency Trading, Stock Volatility, and Price Discovery

Number of pages: 54 Posted: 14 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 27 Dec 2010
Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management
Downloads 9,603 (664)
Citation 107

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High-frequency trading, trading volume, volatility, return, price discovery

2.

The Characteristics that Provide Independent Information about Average U.S. Monthly Stock Returns

Number of pages: 80 Posted: 09 May 2013 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2016
Jeremiah Green, John R. M. Hand and Frank Zhang
Texas A&M University - Department of Accounting, University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School and Yale School of Management
Downloads 4,236 (2,758)
Citation 89

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Firm characteristics; anomalies; cross-section; average U.S. monthly returns

3.

The Supraview of Return Predictive Signals

Review of Accounting Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 18 May 2012 Last Revised: 17 Jan 2013
Jeremiah Green, John R. M. Hand and Frank Zhang
Texas A&M University - Department of Accounting, University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School and Yale School of Management
Downloads 2,612 (6,295)
Citation 36

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Return predictive signals, supraview, efficient markets

4.

Investment Cash Flow Sensitivities Really Reflect Related Investment Decisions

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 11 Nov 2005 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2012
University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School, University of Chicago - Booth School of Business and Yale School of Management
Downloads 2,111 (8,881)
Citation 28

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Accruals, Cash flows, growth, investment-cash flow sensitivity

Accruals, Investment, and the Accrual Anomaly

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 27 Jan 2006
Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management
Downloads 1,671 (12,740)
Citation 7

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Accruals, investment, persistence, accrual anomaly, earnings management

Accruals, Investment, and the Accrual Anomaly

Accounting Review, Vol. 82, No. 5, pp. 1333-1364, October 2007
Posted: 05 Feb 2007 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2007
Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management

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Accruals, investment, persistence, accrual anomaly, earnings management

Information Uncertainty and Analyst Forecast Behavior

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 19 Jul 2005
Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management
Downloads 1,427 (16,319)
Citation 20

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Analyst forecasts error, forecast revision, information uncertainty, underreaction

Information Uncertainty and Analyst Forecast Behavior

Contemporary Accounting Research, Vol. 23, No. 2, Summer 2006
Posted: 27 Jan 2006
Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management

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analyst forecasts error, forecast revision, information uncertainty, underreaction

7.
Downloads 1,373 ( 17,630)
Citation 226

Information Uncertainty and Stock Returns

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 26 Apr 2004
Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management
Downloads 1,373 (17,292)
Citation 226

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Information uncertainty, analyst forecast revision, momentum, expected returns

Information Uncertainty and Stock Returns

Journal of Finance, Vol. 61, No. 1, February 2006
Posted: 08 Nov 2004
Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management

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8.

Fundamental Analysis and Option Returns

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 21 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 03 Jan 2013
Purdue University - Department of Accounting, City University of New York (CUNY) - Stan Ross Department of Accountancy and Yale School of Management
Downloads 1,246 (20,371)
Citation 6

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Fundamental analysis, return, volatility, accounting signals

9.

Errors and Questionable Judgments in Analysts' DCF Models

Review of Accounting Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 01 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 31 Jan 2016
Jeremiah Green, John R. M. Hand and Frank Zhang
Texas A&M University - Department of Accounting, University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School and Yale School of Management
Downloads 1,102 (24,460)
Citation 4

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Analysts, sophistication, DCF, valuation, errors, judgments

10.

The Use of Residual Income Valuation Methods by U.S. Sell-Side Equity Analysts

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 21 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2016
University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School, University of Memphis - School of Accountancy, Texas A&M University - Department of Accounting and Yale School of Management
Downloads 1,094 (24,721)
Citation 10

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Residual income valuation, DCF, sell-side equity analysts

The power of firm fundamental information in explaining stock returns

Columbia Business School Research Paper No. 18-7
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 21 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2020
Shuai Shao, Robert C. Stoumbos and Frank Zhang
Zhejiang University, Columbia University - Columbia Business School and Yale School of Management
Downloads 772 (39,849)

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earnings, cash flows, firm fundamentals, stock returns

The Power of Firm Fundamental Information in Explaining Stock Returns

Review of Accounting Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 12 Nov 2020
Shuai Shao, Robert C. Stoumbos and Frank Zhang
Zhejiang University, Columbia University - Columbia Business School and Yale School of Management
Downloads 240 (158,689)
Citation 3

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Stock returns, earnings, firm fundamentals

12.
Downloads 940 ( 30,723)
Citation 24

The Changing Landscape of Accrual Accounting

Number of pages: 55 Posted: 06 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2015
Robert M. Bushman, Alina Lerman and Frank Zhang
University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School, University of Connecticut - Department of Accounting and Yale School of Management
Downloads 570 (59,367)
Citation 2

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accrual accounting, accruals, cash flows, earnings management, accrual quality

The Changing Landscape of Accrual Accounting

Journal of Accounting Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 30 Nov 2015
Robert M. Bushman, Alina Lerman and Frank Zhang
University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School, University of Connecticut - Department of Accounting and Yale School of Management
Downloads 370 (100,065)
Citation 18

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accrual accounting, accruals, cash flows, earnings management, accrual quality

The Changing Landscape of Accrual Accounting

Journal of Accounting Research, Vol. 54, No. 1, 2016
Posted: 19 Jun 2016
Robert M. Bushman, Alina Lerman and Frank Zhang
University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School, University of Connecticut - Department of Accounting and Yale School of Management

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accrual accounting;accruals;cash flows;earnings management;accrual quality

13.
Downloads 881 ( 33,594)
Citation 31

Tax Expense Momentum

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 12 Dec 2007 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2010
Jacob K. Thomas and Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 637 (51,485)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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tax expense, stock return, anomaly, momentum

Tax Expense Momentum

Journal of Accounting Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 13 Dec 2010
Jacob K. Thomas and Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 244 (156,095)
Citation 12

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tax expense, momentum, stock returns

Analyst Interest as an Early Indicator of Firm Fundamental Changes and Stock Returns

The Accounting Review: May 2015, Vol. 90, No. 3, pp. 1049-1078.
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 05 May 2012 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2017
University of Delaware - Accounting & MIS, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 559 (60,851)
Citation 2

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analyst interest, firm fundamentals, analyst coverage, institutional ownership, trading volume, stock returns

Analyst Interest as an Early Indicator of Firm Fundamental Changes and Stock Returns

The Accounting Review: May 2015, Vol. 90, No. 3, pp. 1049-1078.
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 14 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2017
University of Delaware - Accounting & MIS, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 273 (139,389)
Citation 2

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analyst interest, firm fundamentals, analyst coverage, institutional ownership, trading volume, stock returns

15.
Downloads 795 ( 38,737)
Citation 15

Non-Executive Employee Ownership and Corporate Risk

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2297996
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 25 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 11 Jun 2014
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, City University of New York (CUNY) - Stan Ross Department of Accountancy, Yale School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 451 (79,403)
Citation 4

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Employee ownership, employee compensation, executive compensation, risk

Non-Executive Employee Ownership and Corporate Risk

Accounting Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 13 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2014
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, City University of New York (CUNY) - Stan Ross Department of Accountancy, Yale School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 344 (108,708)
Citation 5

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Employee ownership, employee compensation, executive compensation, risk

16.
Downloads 764 ( 40,916)
Citation 13

Valuation of Tax Expense

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 30 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2012
Jacob K. Thomas and Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 427 (84,723)
Citation 10

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Valuation, stock returns, tax expense

Valuation of Tax Expense

Review of Accounting Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 28 Aug 2013
Jacob K. Thomas and Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 337 (111,239)
Citation 3

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Tax expense, stock returns, profitability, value relevance, valuation

17.
Downloads 759 ( 41,247)
Citation 1

Understanding the Accrual Anomaly

Ross School of Business Paper No. 1100
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 25 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2009
Jin (Ginger) Wu, Lu Zhang and Frank Zhang
University of Georgia - Department of Banking and Finance, Ohio State University - Fisher College of Business and Yale School of Management
Downloads 701 (45,314)
Citation 1

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The accruals anomaly, total accruals, discretionary accruals, net operating assets, investment-based asset pricing, capital investment, time-varying expected returns

Understanding the Accrual Anomaly

NBER Working Paper No. w13525
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 24 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 17 Jun 2021
Jin (Ginger) Wu, Lu Zhang and Frank Zhang
University of Georgia - Department of Banking and Finance, Ohio State University - Fisher College of Business and Yale School of Management
Downloads 58 (451,068)

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Overreaction to Intra-Industry Information Transfers?

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 07 Dec 2006 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2007
Jacob K. Thomas and Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 709 (44,602)
Citation 12

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Intra-industry information transfer, market efficiency, stock returns, earnings surprises

Overreaction to Intra-Industry Information Transfers?

Journal of Accounting Research, Forthcoming
Posted: 21 Nov 2007
Jacob K. Thomas and Frank Zhang
Yale School of Management and Yale School of Management

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information transfer, earnings, returns, overreaction

19.
Downloads 609 ( 55,308)
Citation 10

Buy-Side Analysts and Earnings Conference Calls

Journal of Accounting Research, June 2018, Vol. 56, Issue 3, pp. 913-952.
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 24 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 26 May 2018
University of Delaware - Accounting & MIS, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 497 (70,539)
Citation 2

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Buy-side analysts, institutional investors, sell-side analysts, earnings conference calls

Buy-Side Analysts and Earnings Conference Calls

Journal of Accounting Research, June 2018, Vol. 56, Issue 3, pp. 913-952.
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 27 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 26 May 2018
University of Delaware - Accounting & MIS, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 112 (303,750)
Citation 3

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Buy-side analysts, institutional investors, sell-side analysts, earnings conference calls

Buy‐Side Analysts and Earnings Conference Calls

Journal of Accounting Research, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2018
Posted: 15 Aug 2018
University of Delaware - Accounting & MIS, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Yale School of Management

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Buy-Side Analysts, Institutional Investors, Sell-Side Analysts, Earnings Conference Calls

20.

CEO Optimism, Analyst Rationality, and Earnings Forecast Bias

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 30 Sep 2005 Last Revised: 10 Dec 2009
M.H. Franco Wong and Frank Zhang
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 609 (55,308)
Citation 1

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Managerial optimism, analyst forecast, rationality

21.

Spring-Loading Future Performance When No One is Looking? Earnings and Cash Flow Management Around Acquisitions

Review of Accounting Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 27 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 29 Nov 2015
Shuping Chen, Jacob K. Thomas and Frank Zhang
University of Texas at Austin - Red McCombs School of Business, Yale School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 579 (58,865)
Citation 4

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Earnings management, cash flow management, merger and acquisition, accruals

22.

Why are Recommendations Optimistic? Evidence from Analysts’ Coverage Initiations

Review of Accounting Studies 16, 2011
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 18 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2013
Yonca Ertimur, Frank Zhang and Volkan Muslu
University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Accounting, Yale School of Management and C.T. Bauer College of Business University of Houston
Downloads 571 (59,891)
Citation 7

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Analysts, Conflicts of Interest, Selection Bias, Coverage Initiations

23.

Further Evidence on Analyst and Investor Mis-Weighting of Prior Period Cash Flows and Accruals

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 23 Jun 2003
Anwer S. Ahmed, Frank Zhang and Khalid Nainar
Texas A&M University - Mays Business School, Yale School of Management and McMaster University - Michael G. DeGroote School of Business
Downloads 568 (60,280)
Citation 4

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market efficiency, analyst forecast efficiency, accruals, cash flows

24.

Measuring the information content of disclosures: The role of return noise

Number of pages: 58 Posted: 29 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2020
Jacob K. Thomas, Frank Zhang and Wei Zhu
Yale School of Management, Yale School of Management and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Accountancy
Downloads 492 (72,149)
Citation 1

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Return noise; return volatility; information content; U-statistic

Orphans Deserve Attention: Financial Reporting in the Missing Months When Corporations Change Fiscal Year

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 31 May 2010 Last Revised: 06 Sep 2011
Kai Du and Frank Zhang
Pennsylvania State University - Department of Accounting and Yale School of Management
Downloads 327 (115,032)

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Financial reporting, earnings management, accruals, return, fiscal year-end

Orphans Deserve Attention: Financial Reporting in the Missing Months When Corporations Change Fiscal Year

Accounting Review, May 2013
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 04 Dec 2012
Kai Du and Frank Zhang
Pennsylvania State University - Department of Accounting and Yale School of Management
Downloads 121 (287,417)

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Earnings management, incentives, consequences, fiscal year end

26.

The Q-Theory Approach to Understanding the Accrual Anomaly

Journal of Accounting Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 31 Aug 2009
Jin (Ginger) Wu, Lu Zhang and Frank Zhang
University of Georgia - Department of Banking and Finance, Ohio State University - Fisher College of Business and Yale School of Management
Downloads 430 (84,799)
Citation 8

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The accruals anomaly, total accruals, discretionary accruals, net operating assets, investment-based asset pricing, capital investment, time-varying expected returns

27.

Does financial reporting above or below operating income matter to firms and investors? The case of investment income in China

Review of Accounting Studies, 2018 (23), 1754-1790.
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 27 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 02 Jun 2019
Mei Luo, Shuai Shao and Frank Zhang
Tsinghua University - School of Economics & Management, Zhejiang University and Yale School of Management
Downloads 421 (86,940)
Citation 3

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core earnings, investment income, operating income, mispricing

28.

GDP Management to Meet or Beat Growth Targets

Journal of Accounting & Economics (JAE), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 18 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2018
Lyu Changjiang, Kemin Wang, Frank Zhang and Zhang Xin
Fudan University - School of Management, Fudan University - School of Management, Yale School of Management and Fudan University - School of Management
Downloads 373 (99,935)
Citation 8

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GDP growth, earnings management, political economy, discontinuity, forecast error

29.

Information Uncertainty and Acquirer Wealth Losses

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 21 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2011
Merle Erickson, Shiing-wu Wang and Frank Zhang
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business, University of Southern California - Leventhal School of Accounting and Yale School of Management
Downloads 370 (100,829)
Citation 1

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Merger, acquisition, cost of capital, uncertainty, return

30.

Earnings Management via Not-wholly-owned Subsidiaries

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 14 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 08 Jul 2021
Mei Luo, Frank Zhang and Xinyi Zhang
Tsinghua University - School of Economics & Management, Yale School of Management and Sun Yat-Sen University (SYSU) - Business School
Downloads 319 (118,864)

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earnings management, income shifting, tunneling, subsidiary, loss

31.

The Change in Information Uncertainty and Acquirer Wealth Losses

Review of Accounting Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 01 Jun 2011
Merle Erickson, Shiing-wu Wang and Frank Zhang
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business, University of Southern California - Leventhal School of Accounting and Yale School of Management
Downloads 214 (177,584)
Citation 3

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information uncertainty, return, merger, acquisition, cost of capital

32.

Consensus Analyst Target Prices: Information Content and Implications for Investors

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 21 Oct 2019
Asa Palley, Thomas D. Steffen and Frank Zhang
Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Operation & Decision Technologies, Yale University School of Management and Yale School of Management
Downloads 213 (178,366)
Citation 1

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analyst forecast, target price, stock return, dispersion, retail investors

33.

Using Economic Links between Firms to Detect Accounting Fraud

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 02 Mar 2021
Chenchen Li, Ningzhong Li and Frank Zhang
University of Texas at Dallas, University of Texas at Dallas and Yale School of Management
Downloads 156 (234,687)

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Fraud, economic link, revenue, accounting information, customer

34.

Evading the Torpedo: Why Managers Avoid Stock Splits

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 26 May 2021 Last Revised: 07 Sep 2021
John C. Heater, Ye Liu, Qin Tan and Frank Zhang
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Fudan University, City University of Hong Kong (CityUHK) and Yale School of Management
Downloads 69 (407,007)

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Stock Splits, Managerial Performance, Signaling, Capital Markets, Earnings

35.

Does mandatory short selling disclosure lead to investor herding behavior?

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 16 Sep 2021
John C. Heater, Ye Liu, Qin Tan and Frank Zhang
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Fudan University, City University of Hong Kong (CityUHK) and Yale School of Management
Downloads 55 (459,157)

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Short sale, herding, disclosure, firm fundamentals, stock returns

36.

Orange is the New Black: Changing Landscapes of Earnings Surprises and the Market Reaction

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 26 May 2021 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2021
John C. Heater, Ye Liu, Qin Tan and Frank Zhang
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Fudan University, City University of Hong Kong (CityUHK) and Yale School of Management
Downloads 18 (650,997)

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Analyst forecast, earnings surprises, earnings announcement returns, capital markets, discontinuity

37.

Meet, Beat, and Pollute

Posted: 21 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2021
Jacob K. Thomas, Wentao Yao, Frank Zhang and Wei Zhu
Yale School of Management, The University of Hong Kong, Yale School of Management and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Accountancy

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managerial short-termism, real earnings management, externality, pollution, ESG, sustainable investing

38.

Dark trading and post earnings announcement drift

Management Science
Posted: 01 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2020
Jacob K. Thomas, Frank Zhang and Wei Zhu
Yale School of Management, Yale School of Management and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Accountancy

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Dark trading; Post-earnings-announcement-drift; Arbitrage costs; Price efficiency