Wilko Bolt

De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank)

P.O. Box 98

1000 AB Amsterdam

Netherlands

VU University Amsterdam

De Boelelaan 1105

Amsterdam, ND North Holland 1081 HV

Netherlands

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

27

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5,387

CITATIONS
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in Total Papers Citations

127

Scholarly Papers (27)

1.
Downloads 740 ( 32,640)
Citation 13

On the Value of Virtual Currencies

Bank of Canada Working Paper No. 2016-42
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 22 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2016
Wilko Bolt and Maarten R.C. van Oordt
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Government of Canada - Bank of Canada
Downloads 512 (52,428)
Citation 14

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Virtual currencies, exchange rates, payment systems, speculation, bitcoin, blockchain, cryptocurrencies

On the Value of Virtual Currencies

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 521
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 24 Sep 2016
Wilko Bolt and Maarten R.C. van Oordt
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Government of Canada - Bank of Canada
Downloads 228 (131,916)
Citation 2

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virtual currencies, exchange rates, payment systems, speculation, bitcoin

2.

Economics of Payment Cards: A Status Report

Economic Perspectives, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2008
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 10 Nov 2008
Wilko Bolt and Sujit Chakravorti
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Independent
Downloads 489 (56,207)
Citation 8

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retail financial services, payment card networks, competition, Production, Pricing, and Market Structure, Size Distribution of Firms, Banks, Other Depository Institutions, Micro Finance Institutions, Mortgages, Financial Markets

3.

Digitization of Retail Payment

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 270
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 27 Oct 2011
Wilko Bolt and Sujit Chakravorti
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Independent
Downloads 306 (97,419)
Citation 3

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retail financial services, electronic payments, pricing, public policy

4.
Downloads 294 (101,752)
Citation 8

Banking Competition, Risk, and Regulation

IMF Working Paper No. 04/11
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 15 Feb 2006
Wilko Bolt and Alexander F. Tieman
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 279 (107,065)

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Banking competition, risk profile, failure rate, capital adequacy requirements

Banking Competition, Risk and Regulation

Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 106, No. 4, pp. 783-804, December 2004
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 27 Dec 2004
Wilko Bolt and Alexander F. Tieman
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 15 (565,021)
Citation 15
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5.

Payment Network Scale Economies, SEPA, and Cash Replacement

FRB of Philadelphia Working Paper No. 07-32
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 16 Jan 2008
Wilko Bolt and David B. Humphrey
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Florida State University - Department of Finance
Downloads 273 (110,190)
Citation 16

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Debit cards, scale economies, SEPA, cash replacement

6.

Pricing Electronic Payments Services: An Io Approach

EFA 2003 Annual Conference Paper No. 606
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 23 Jul 2003
Alexander F. Tieman and Wilko Bolt
International Monetary Fund (IMF) and De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank)
Downloads 269 (111,864)

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electronic payment systems, double monopoly, pricing, system competition

7.

Public Good Issues in Target: Natural Monopoly, Scale Economies, Network Effects and Cost Allocation

ECB Working Paper No. 505
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 29 Jul 2005
Wilko Bolt and David B. Humphrey
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Florida State University - Department of Finance
Downloads 267 (112,744)

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public good, natural monopoly, most efficient scale, partial subsidy

8.

The Effect of Transaction Pricing on the Adoption of Electronic Payments: A Cross-Country Comparison.

FRB Philadelphia Working Paper No. 05-28
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 22 Dec 2005
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), Florida State University - Department of Finance and Bank of the Netherlands - Research Department
Downloads 266 (113,166)
Citation 20

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Electronic payments, Transaction pricing, Demand elasticity, Social benefits

9.
Downloads 257 (117,291)
Citation 3

SEPA, Efficiency, and Payment Card Competition

ECB Working Paper No. 1140
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 17 Jan 2010
Wilko Bolt and Heiko Schmiedel
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and European Central Bank - Securities Settlement Systems Policy Division
Downloads 198 (151,151)

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SEPA, card network competition, optimal pricing, economic welfare

SEPA, Efficiency, and Payment Card Competition

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 239
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 21 Oct 2011
Wilko Bolt and Heiko Schmiedel
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and European Central Bank - Securities Settlement Systems Policy Division
Downloads 59 (360,184)
Citation 4

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SEPA, card network competition, optimal pricing, economic welfare

10.

Retail Payment Systems: Competition, Innovation, and Implications

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 362
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 22 Dec 2012
Wilko Bolt
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank)
Downloads 227 (132,947)
Citation 1

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Payments, pricing, competition, innovation

11.

Retail Payments and Card Use in the Netherlands: Pricing, Scale, and Antitrust

Competition Policy International, Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 2007
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 23 May 2007
Wilko Bolt
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank)
Downloads 211 (142,626)

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multi-sided platforms, two-sided markets, two-sided platforms, card payments, payment systems, scale economies

12.

Skewed Pricing in Two-Sided Markets: An Io Approach

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 10 Feb 2005
Wilko Bolt and Alexander F. Tieman
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 198 (151,323)
Citation 17

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Two-sided markets, skewed pricing, corner solution, social optimum

The Global Macroeconomics of a Trade War. The Eagle Model on the US-China Trade Conflict

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 623, 2019
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 05 Feb 2019
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), De Nederlandsche Bank and Universiteit van Amsterdam
Downloads 155 (188,180)

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flash crash, spillovers, financial stability, connectedness

The Global Macroeconomics of a Trade War: The EAGLE Model on the US-China Trade Conflict

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 2019-015/VIII
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 12 Mar 2019
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), De Nederlandsche Bank and Universiteit van Amsterdam
Downloads 24 (507,642)

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Trade Policy, Exchange Rates, Trade Diversion, Local Currency Pricing

The Global Macroeconomics of a Trade War: the Eagle Model on the Us-China Trade Conflict

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP13495
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 04 Feb 2019
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), De Nederlandsche Bank and Universiteit van Amsterdam
Downloads 2 (661,029)
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Exchange Rates, Local Currency Pricing, trade diversion, trade policy

14.

Consumer Choice and Merchant Acceptance of Payment Media

FRB of Chicago Working Paper No. 2008-11
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 29 Nov 2008
Wilko Bolt and Sujit Chakravorti
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Independent
Downloads 169 (174,602)
Citation 17

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Retail Financial Services, Network Effects, Social Welfare, Multihoming

Identifying Booms and Busts in House Prices Under Heterogeneous Expectations

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 450
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 04 Dec 2014
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), Bruegel, University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB), University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Economics (ASE) and CeNDEF, University of Amsterdam
Downloads 121 (229,782)
Citation 10

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housing prices, heterogenous agents model, bounded rationality, bubbles

Identifying Booms and Busts in House Prices Under Heterogeneous Expectations

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 14-157/II
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 24 Dec 2014
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), Bruegel, University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB), University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Economics (ASE) and CeNDEF, University of Amsterdam
Downloads 16 (558,433)
Citation 9

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housing prices, heterogenous agents model, bounded rationality, bubbles

16.

Pricing in Retail Payment Systems: A Public Policy Perspective on Pricing of Payment Cards

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 331
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 03 Jan 2012
Wilko Bolt and Sujit Chakravorti
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Independent
Downloads 134 (211,499)
Citation 4

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retail payments, market interventions, pricing, public policy

17.

Bank Profitability During Recessions

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 251
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 24 Oct 2011
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), De Nederlandsche Bank, De Nederlandsche Bank - Research Department, Government of Canada - Bank of Canada and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)
Downloads 132 (214,153)
Citation 20

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Bank profitability, Business cycle

18.

Social Welfare and Cost Recovery in Two-Sided Markets

IMF Working Paper No. 05/194
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 03 Mar 2006
Wilko Bolt and Alexander F. Tieman
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 127 (220,593)
Citation 8

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Two-sided markets, social optimum, cost recovery, operational losses

19.

Pricing Debit Card Payment Services: An Io Approach

IMF Working Paper No. 03/202
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 Feb 2006
Wilko Bolt and Alexander F. Tieman
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 120 (230,232)

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Debit card payment systems, two-sided monopolistic pricing, social optimum

20.

A Frontier Measure of U.S. Banking Competition

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 359
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 10 Dec 2012
Wilko Bolt and David B. Humphrey
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Florida State University - Department of Finance
Downloads 116 (236,140)
Citation 11

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Competition, banks, frontier analysis

21.
Downloads 116 (236,140)

Consumer Credit and Payment Cards

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 332
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 03 Jan 2012
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), affiliation not provided to SSRN and European Central Bank - Securities Settlement Systems Policy Division
Downloads 63 (348,327)

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Payment pricing, Card competition, Consumer credit, Complementarity

Consumer Credit and Payment Cards

ECB Working Paper No. 1387
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 05 Nov 2011
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), affiliation not provided to SSRN and European Central Bank - Securities Settlement Systems Policy Division
Downloads 53 (379,661)

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Payment pricing, card competition, consumer credit, complementarity

22.
Downloads 105 (253,387)
Citation 1

Competition in Bank-Provided Payment Services

FRB of Philadelphia Working Paper No. 13-17
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 11 May 2013
Wilko Bolt and David B. Humphrey
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Florida State University - Department of Finance
Downloads 43 (415,977)
Citation 1

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Payments, competition, banks, frontier analysis

Competition in Bank-Provided Payment Services

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 401
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 20 Nov 2013
Wilko Bolt and David B. Humphrey
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Florida State University - Department of Finance
Downloads 34 (454,008)
Citation 1

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Payments, competition, banks, frontier analysis

Competition in Bank-Provided Payment Services

ECB Working Paper No. 1539
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 11 May 2013
Wilko Bolt and David B. Humphrey
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Florida State University - Department of Finance
Downloads 28 (484,182)

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Payments, competition, banks, frontier analysis

23.

Assessing Bank Competition for Consumer Loans

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 457
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2015
Wilko Bolt and David B. Humphrey
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and Florida State University - Department of Finance
Downloads 71 (322,720)
Citation 3

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consumer loans, bank competition, frontier analysis

24.

Tourist Test or Tourist Trap? Unintended Consequences of Debit Card Interchange Fee Regulation

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 405
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 21 Dec 2013
Wilko Bolt, Nicole Jonker and Mirjam Plooij
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB) and De Nederlandsche Bank
Downloads 59 (355,158)
Citation 4

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Debit cards, Tourist Test, Interchange fee regulation, Perverse effects

25.

On Myopic Equilibria in Dynamic Games with Endogenous Discounting

IMF Working Paper No. 06/302
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 19 Jan 2007
Wilko Bolt and Alexander F. Tieman
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 54 (370,610)

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Banks, Loans, Economic models

26.

Complex Methods in Economics: An Example of Behavioral Heterogeneity in House Prices

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 329
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 28 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2012
De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank), Bruegel, University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) and CeNDEF, University of Amsterdam
Downloads 39 (422,991)
Citation 2

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critical transitions, heterogenous agents model, bounded rationality, housing prices

27.

Using Debit Card Payments Data for Nowcasting Dutch Household Consumption

De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 571
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 04 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2017
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank) and De Nederlandsche Bank
Downloads 30 (466,295)
Citation 1

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Nowcasting, Debit Card Payments, Household Consumption, Midas