Christopher Anthony Cotropia

University of Richmond - School of Law

Professor of Law

28 Westhampton Way

Richmond, VA 23173

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

39

DOWNLOADS
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13,905

CITATIONS
Rank 13,160

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 13,160

in Total Papers Citations

29

Scholarly Papers (39)

1.

Unpacking Patent Assertion Entities (PAEs)

99 Minnesota Law Review 649 (2014), Illinois Program in Law, Behavior and Social Science Paper No. LBSS 14-20, Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 14-17, Chicago-Kent College of Law Research Paper No. 2013-49
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 07 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 19 Dec 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia, Jay P. Kesan and David L. Schwartz
University of Richmond - School of Law, University of Illinois College of Law and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 2,041 (6,610)

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patents, patent litigation, non-practicing entity, NPE, patent assertion entity, PAE, patent monetization entity, PME, patent troll, American Invents Act, joinder, patent holding company, empirical

2.

The Unreasonableness of the Patent Office's 'Broadest Reasonable Interpretation' Standard

American Intellectual Property Law Association Quarterly Journal, Vol. 37, No. 3, 2009
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 16 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2009
Dawn-Marie Bey and Christopher Anthony Cotropia
Bey & Cotropia PLLC and University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 1,761 (8,536)

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patent, PTO, USPTO, patent office, claim interpretation, claim construction

3.

Do Applicant Patent Citations Matter?

7th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper, Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 1656568, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 401
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 10 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2015
Christopher Anthony Cotropia, Mark A. Lemley and Bhaven N. Sampat
University of Richmond - School of Law, Stanford Law School and Columbia University - Mailman School of Public Health
Downloads 1,502 (11,070)
Citation 3

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Patent, Intellectual Property, Examiner, Inequitable Conduct, Presumption of Validity, Empirical, Prior Art, Patent Prosecution

4.

Copying in Patent Law

North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 87, p. 1421, 2009, Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 1270160
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 19 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 06 Feb 2011
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and Mark A. Lemley
University of Richmond - School of Law and Stanford Law School
Downloads 893 (24,486)
Citation 3

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Patent Claim Interpretation Methodologies and Their Claim Scope Paradigms

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 47, October 2005, Tulane Public Law Research Paper No. 05-05
Number of pages: 85 Posted: 09 Nov 2005
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 470 (57,028)
Citation 4

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patent, claim, claim interpretation, patent scope, patent theory, interpretation

Patent Claim Interpretation Methodologies and Their Claim Scope Paradigms

Tulane Public Law Research Paper No. 05-05
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 14 Mar 2005
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 296 (98,185)
Citation 4

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patent, claim, claim interpretation, patent scope, patent theory, interpretation

6.

Compulsory Licensing Under TRIPS and the Supreme Court of the United States' Decision in eBay v. MercExchange

PATENT LAW: A HANDBOOK OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH, Toshiko Takenaka & Rainer Moufang, eds., Edward Elgar Publishing Co., 2008
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 22 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 686 (35,325)
Citation 1

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TRIPS, patents, injunctions, international law, remedies, eBay, intellectual property, compulsory licensing

Who Benefits from Repealing Tampon Taxes? Empirical Evidence from New Jersey

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 18 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 20 Apr 2018
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and Kyle Rozema
University of Richmond - School of Law and University of Chicago - Law School
Downloads 594 (42,134)

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Tampon Taxes, Tax Incidence

Who Benefits from Repealing Tampon Taxes? Empirical Evidence from New Jersey

Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Vol. 15, Issue 3, pp. 620-647, 2018
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Aug 2018
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and Kyle Rozema
University of Richmond - School of Law and University of Chicago - Law School
Downloads 1 (655,561)
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8.

Patent Applications and the Performance of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

Federal Circuit Bar Journal, Vol. 23 (2013), Richmond School of Law Intellectual Property Institute Research Paper No. 2013-01
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 03 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 22 Apr 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia, Cecil D. Quillen, Jr. and Ogden H. Webster
University of Richmond - School of Law, University of Richmond School of Law and Independent
Downloads 392 (71,683)

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patent, USPTO, application, continuation, RCE, backlog, United States Patent and Trademark Office

9.

Counterclaims, the Well-Pleaded Complaint, and Federal Jurisdiction

Hofstra Law Review, Fall 2004, Tulane Public Law Research Paper No. 04-03
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 20 Apr 2004 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2009
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 334 (86,397)

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Jurisdiction, Federal Jurisdiction, Counterclaims, Arising Under, Well-Pleaded Complaint, Holmes, Litigation

10.

Patent Claim Interpretation and Information Costs

Lewis & Clark Law Review, Vol. 9, 2005, Tulane Public Law Research Paper No. 04-08
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 19 Oct 2004 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2009
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 322 (89,995)
Citation 4

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Patent, Claim, Claim Interpretation, Claim Construction, Information Costs, Specification, Methodology

11.

Nonobviousness and the Federal Circuit: An Empirical Analysis of Recent Case Law

Notre Dame Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 Sep 2006 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2009
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 318 (91,227)
Citation 5

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patents, obvious, nonobvious, obviousness, nonobviousness, federal circuit

12.

Copyright's Topography: An Empirical Study of Copyright Litigation

Texas Law Review, Vol. 92, No. 7 (2014)
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 25 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 15 Jul 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and James Gibson
University of Richmond - School of Law and University of Richmond School of Law
Downloads 311 (93,535)

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copyright, litigation, intellectual property, infringement, dockets, empirical, statistics, courts

13.

Modernizing Patent Law's Inequitable Conduct Doctrine

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, 2009
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 01 Jun 2008
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 308 (94,554)
Citation 5

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inequitable conduct, patent law, patent reform, patent quality, over compensation, USPTO, Patent Office

14.

Patent Law Viewed Through an Evidentiary Lens: The 'Suggestion Test' as a Rule of Evidence

Brigham Young University Law Review, Vol. 2006, No. 6, 2006, Tulane Public Law Research Paper No. 06-03
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 29 Mar 2006 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2009
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 294 (99,422)
Citation 1

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patents, evidence, nonobviousness, obviousness, suggestion test

15.

After-Arising Technologies and Tailoring Patent Scope

NYU Annual Survey of American Law, Vol. 61, 2005, Tulane Public Law Research Paper No. 04-10
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 09 Nov 2004 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2009
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 273 (107,633)
Citation 1

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Patents, claims, claim scope, equivalents, doctrine of equivalents, after-arising technologies, later developed technology, tailoring, invention, innovation, technology

16.

Is Patent Claim Interpretation Review Deference or Correction Driven?

Brigham Young University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 17 May 2013 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 268 (109,745)

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Patent, Claim Construction, Claim Interpretation, Federal Circuit, Appellate Review, Patent Scope, Patent Breadth, Deference

17.

Describing Patents as Real Options

Journal of Corporation Law, Vol. 34, p. 1127, 2009
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 15 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 256 (115,056)

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patents, real options

18.

The Upside of Intellectual Property's Downside

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 57, p. 921, 2010
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 06 May 2009 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2017
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and James Gibson
University of Richmond - School of Law and University of Richmond School of Law
Downloads 250 (117,967)

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patent, copyright, intellectual property, tax, biotechnology, fashion, pornography, monopoly, innovation

19.

The Individual Inventor Motif in the Age of the Patent Troll

Yale Journal of Law & Technology, Vol. 12 (2009)
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 16 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 22 Apr 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 218 (135,060)
Citation 1

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patent, patent trolls, individual inventor, independent inventor, patent rhetoric, patent reform

20.

Should Your Law Review Article Have an Abstract and Table of Contents?

Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-39
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 05 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 20 Nov 2016
Lee Petherbridge and Christopher Anthony Cotropia
Loyola Law School Los Angeles and University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 216 (136,261)

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law review, law journal, empirical, abstract, table of contents, bibliometrics, legal studies, academic quality, scholarly influence

21.

Gender Disparity in Law Review Citation Rates

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 3, 2018, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-38
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 22 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2018
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and Lee Petherbridge
University of Richmond - School of Law and Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 212 (138,725)

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citations, gender, scholarship, impact

22.

The Dominance of Teams in the Production of Legal Knowledge

124 Yale L.J. F. 18 (2014), Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2013-7
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 07 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 08 Jul 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and Lee Petherbridge
University of Richmond - School of Law and Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 161 (177,882)

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legal studies, legal research, citation, research quality, knowledge production

23.

What is the 'Invention'?

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 53, 2012
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 29 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 03 Jan 2015
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 151 (187,808)

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patents, invention, law, claims, Federal Circuit, technology, specification, written description

24.

'Arising Under' Jurisdiction and Uniformity in Patent Law

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review, Vol. 9, No. 2
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 29 Jul 2003
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 139 (200,873)

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Patent, Federal Circuit, Intellectual Property, Jurisdiction, Federal Courts, Civil Procedure

25.

The Folly of Early Filing in Patent Law

Hastings Law Journal, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2009
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 04 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 138 (202,021)
Citation 1

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patent, early filing, prospect theory

26.

Strength of the International Trade Commission as a Patent Venue

Texas Intellectual Prfoperty Law Journal, Vol. 19, 2011
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 04 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 25 May 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 122 (222,385)

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Patent, International Trade Commission, Kyocera

27.

Commentary to the U.S. Copyright Office Regarding the Section 512 Study: Higher Education and the DMCA Safe Harbors

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 02 Oct 2016
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and James Gibson
University of Richmond - School of Law and University of Richmond School of Law
Downloads 121 (223,814)

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Copyright, Digital Millennium Copyright Act, DMCA, safe harbor, notice and takedown, higher education, colleges, universities, empirical, survey

28.

Predictability and Nonobviousness in Patent Law after KSR

20 Mich. Telecomm. & Tech. L. Rev. 391 (2014)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 29 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 08 Jul 2014
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 117 (229,429)

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patents, nonobviousness, obviousness, KSR, predictability, uncertainty

29.

Continuing Patent Applications and Performance of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office as of Fiscal Year 2017

Intellectual Property Institute, Research Paper No. 2018-01
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 24 Mar 2018
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and Cecil D. Quillen, Jr.
University of Richmond - School of Law and University of Richmond School of Law
Downloads 109 (241,457)

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Patent, USPTO, Application, Continuation, RCE, Backlog, United States Patent and Trademark Office

30.

Heterogeneity Among Patent Plaintiffs: An Empirical Analysis of Patent Case Progression, Settlement, and Adjudication

Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Volume 15, Issue 1, 80-125, March 2018, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-10
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 10 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2018
Christopher Anthony Cotropia, Jay P. Kesan and David L. Schwartz
University of Richmond - School of Law, University of Illinois College of Law and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 109 (241,457)

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Patent, Litigation, PAE, NPE, Troll, Empirical, Patent Litigation

31.

Patents Used in Patent Office Rejections as Indicators of Value

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 13 Nov 2018
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and David L. Schwartz
University of Richmond - School of Law and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 85 (284,321)

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patent, patent citation, patent value, forward citation, patent application, examiner, patent prosecution

32.

Determining Uniformity within the Federal Circuit by Measuring Dissent and En Banc Review

Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2010
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 02 May 2010 Last Revised: 06 Feb 2013
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 84 (286,447)

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patent, Federal Circuit, court of appeals, dissent, en banc, intellectual property

33.

Crowdfunding and Patents

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 23 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2018
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 74 (308,658)

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patents, crowdfunding, crowd funding, Kickstarter, venture, entrepreneur, invention, innovation

34.

Response to the Proposed Changes to the Claim Construction Standard for Interpreting Claims in Trial Proceedings Before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board

University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-32, Georgia Tech Scheller College of Business Research Paper No. 18-35, University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper, Stanford Public Law Working Paper, George Mason Legal Studies Research Paper No. LS 18-28
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 28 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2018
University of Richmond - School of Law, University of Missouri School of Law, Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business, Indiana University Maurer School of Law, University of Illinois College of Law, Stanford Law School, George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty, Duke University School of Law, University of San Diego School of Law and Texas A&M University School of Law
Downloads 57 (353,574)

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patent, innovation, intellectual property, PTAB, claim construction, broadest reasonable interpretation, BRI, Phillips

35.

Continuing Patent Applications and Performance of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office as of Fiscal Year 2016

Richmond School of Law Intellectual Property Institute Research Paper No. 2017-01
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 09 Aug 2017
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and Cecil D. Quillen, Jr.
University of Richmond - School of Law and University of Richmond School of Law
Downloads 55 (359,809)

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patent, USPTO, application, continuation, RCE, backlog, United States Patent and Trademark Office

36.

Physicalism and Patent Theory

Vanderbilt Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 02 Aug 2016
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 48 (382,004)

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Patent, Disclosure, Non-Practicing Entity, NPE, Physicalism, Property

37.

Gender Discrimination in Online Markets

University of Chicago Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Research Paper No. 864, U of Chicago, Public Law Working Paper No. 692, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 18-24
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 21 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 14 Feb 2019
Christopher Anthony Cotropia, Jonathan S. Masur and David L. Schwartz
University of Richmond - School of Law, University of Chicago - Law School and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 43 (399,202)

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discrimination, gender, experiment, ebay, baseball cards

38.

Convergence and Conflation in Online Copyright

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 27 Aug 2018
Christopher Anthony Cotropia and James Gibson
University of Richmond - School of Law and University of Richmond School of Law
Downloads 39 (414,013)

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Copyright, DMCA, Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Safe Harbor, Service Provider, ISP

39.

Menstruation Management in United States Schools and Implications on Attendance, Academic Performance, and Health

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 19 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2019
Christopher Anthony Cotropia
University of Richmond - School of Law
Downloads 37 (422,000)

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Adolescents; Menstruation; Menstrual Hygiene Products; Feminine Hygiene Products; School; Attendance