Bo Zhao

Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

Senior Economist

600 Atlantic Avenue

T-10

Boston, MA 02210

United States

http://sites.google.com/site/bozhao/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

DOWNLOADS
Rank 48,320

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 48,320

in Total Papers Downloads

876

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 33,575

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 33,575

in Total Papers Citations

6

CROSSREF CITATIONS

13

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.

Does Changing Employers’ Access to Criminal Histories Affect Ex-Offenders’ Recidivism?: Evidence from the 2010–2012 Massachusetts Cori Reform

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 16-31
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 28 Mar 2017
Osborne Jackson and Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 61 (366,993)

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recidivism, ex-offenders, Massachusetts, CORI

2.

The Effect of Changing Employers’ Access to Criminal Histories on Ex-Offenders’ Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from the 2010–2012 Massachusetts Cori Reform

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 16-30
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 28 Mar 2017
Osborne Jackson and Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 58 (376,096)

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ex-offenders, criminal history, Massachusetts CORI Reform, ban the box

Measuring Disparities in Non-School Costs and Revenue Capacity Among Massachusetts Cities and Towns

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 06-19
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 27 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 30 Aug 2008
Katharine Bradbury and Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 43 (436,807)
Citation 3

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fiscal disparities, municipal costs, revenue capacity, property tax, state aid, tax limitation

Measuring Disparities in Non-School Costs and Revenue Capacity Among Massachusetts Cities and Towns

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 06-19, FRB of Boston Public Policy Discussion Paper No. 06-3
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Katharine Bradbury and Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 14 (601,041)
Citation 1

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fiscal disparities, municipal costs, revenue capacity, property tax, state aid, tax limitation

4.

Do Credit Market Barriers Exist for Minority and Woman Entrepreneurs?

Syracuse University Center for Policy Research Working Paper No. 74
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 20 Apr 2011
affiliation not provided to SSRN, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Syracuse University, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs
Downloads 54 (389,121)
Citation 4

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credit, discrimination, entrepreneur, minority-owned business, small business

5.

The Lack of Affordable Housing in New England: How Big a Problem? Why is it Growing? What are We Doing About it?

New England Public Policy Center Working Paper No. 06-1
Number of pages: 173 Posted: 01 Mar 2012
Northeastern University, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 53 (392,356)
Citation 1

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housing policy, New England, affordable housing, house prices

Designing State Aid Formulas: The Case of a New Formula for Distributing Municipal Aid in Massachusetts

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 08-1
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 25 May 2008
Bo Zhao and Katharine Bradbury
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 28 (509,018)

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formula design, state aid formula, equalizing aid, fiscal equalization

Designing State Aid Formulas: The Case of a New Formula for Distributing Municipal Aid in Massachusetts

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 08-1, FRB of Boston Public Policy Discussion Paper No. 08-2
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Bo Zhao and Katharine Bradbury
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 17 (580,251)

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formula design, state aid formula, equalizing aid, fiscal equalization

7.

The Role of Economic, Fiscal, and Financial Shocks in the Evolution of Public Sector Pension Funding

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 13-26
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 08 May 2014
Robert K. Triest and Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston - Research Department and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 44 (424,378)
Citation 1

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8.

Small Businesses in Springfield, Massachusetts: A Look at Latino Entrepreneurship

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 16 Sep 2011
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston - Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 41 (436,087)

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small businesses, minority-owned businesses, Latino-owned businesses

Walking a Tightrope: Are U.S. State and Local Governments on a Fiscally Sustainable Path?

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 13-18
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 30 Jan 2014
Bo Zhao and David Coyne
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics
Downloads 38 (458,498)
Citation 3

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fiscal sustainability, state and local fiscal trends

Walking a Tightrope: Are U.S. State and Local Governments on a Fiscally Sustainable Path?

Public Budgeting & Finance, Vol. 37, Issue 3, pp. 3-23, 2017
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 06 Sep 2017
Bo Zhao and David Coyne
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics
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10.

Reinvigorating Springfield’s Economy: Lessons from Resurgent Cities

FRB of Boston Public Policy Discussion Paper No. 09-6
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 09 Dec 2009
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston - Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 37 (452,760)
Citation 1

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11.

Saving for a Rainy Day: Estimating the Appropriate Size of U.S. State Budget Stabilization Funds

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 14-12
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 11 Jan 2015
Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 35 (461,332)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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rainy day funds, budget stabilization funds, revenue cyclicality

Measuring Municipal Fiscal Disparities in Connecticut

Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, New England Public Policy Center Research Report 15-1
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 13 May 2015
Bo Zhao and Jennifer Weiner
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 23 (540,037)

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Measuring Municipal Fiscal Disparities in Connecticut

15-1
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 07 Sep 2017
Bo Zhao and Jennifer Weiner
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 11 (622,721)

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Why Do Real Estate Brokers Continue to Discriminate? Evidence from the 2000 Housing Discrimination Study

Syracuse University Center for Policy Research Working Paper No. 67
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 18 Apr 2011
Bo Zhao, Jan Ondrich and John Yinger
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Syracuse University - Center for Policy Research and Syracuse University, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs
Downloads 32 (487,113)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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housing discrimination, audit, fixed-effects logit

Why Do Real Estate Brokers Continue to Discriminate? Evidence from the 2000 Housing Discrimination Study

Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 59, No. 3, 2006
Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Bo Zhao, Jan Ondrich and John Yinger
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Syracuse University - Center for Policy Research and Syracuse University, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs

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Housing discrimination, Audit, Fixed-effects logit

14.

The Fiscal Impact of Potential Local-Option Taxes in Massachusetts

FRB of Boston Public Policy Brief No. 10-2
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 31 (479,894)
Citation 1

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15.

Jobs in Springfield, Massachusetts: Understanding and Remedying the Causes of Low Resident Employment Rates

FRB of Boston Public Policy Discussion Paper No. 09-11
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 27 Feb 2010
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston - Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 30 (484,816)
Citation 1

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16.

A More Equitable Approach to Cutting State Aid

FRB of Boston Public Policy Brief No. 11-2
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 30 Nov 2011
Bo Zhao and David Coyne
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics
Downloads 25 (511,522)

Abstract:

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fiscal health, fiscal gap, state aid, aid cut, fiscal equalization

17.

Reintegrating the Ex-Offender Population in the U.S. Labor Market: Lessons from the Cori Reform in Massachusetts

17-1
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 07 Sep 2017
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 24 (517,409)

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18.

Transparency in State Debt Disclosure

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 17-10
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 09 Nov 2017
Bo Zhao and Wen Wang
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers University, Newark
Downloads 21 (535,139)

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fiscal transparency, state debt, GASB, accounting choices, dependent agencies

19.

Designing Formulas for Distributing Reductions in State Aid

FRB of Boston NEPPC Working Paper No. 11-2
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 22 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 23 Sep 2011
Bo Zhao and David Coyne
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics
Downloads 18 (553,543)

Abstract:

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fiscal health, fiscal gap, state aid, aid cut, fiscal equalization

20.

Municipal Aid Evaluation and Reform

FRB of Boston NEPPC Working Paper No. 11-1
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 18 (553,543)

Abstract:

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state aid, fiscal equalization

Achieving Greater Fiscal Stability: Guidance for the New England States

Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, New England Public Policy Center Research Report No. 15-2
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 11 Oct 2015
Yolanda K. Kodrzycki and Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston - Research Department and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 14 (601,041)

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Rainy Day Funds, Fiscal Sustainability

Achieving Greater Fiscal Stability: Guidance for the New England States

15-2
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 07 Sep 2017
Yolanda K. Kodrzycki and Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston - Research Department and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 3 (683,293)

Abstract:

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22.

Does Springfield Receive its Fair Share of Municipal Aid? Implications for Aid Formula Reform in Massachusetts

FRB of Boston Public Policy Brief No. 10-4
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston - Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 17 (559,592)

Abstract:

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state aid, fiscal equalization

23.

Making Municipal Aid Count: Mind the Gap!

Communities & Banking, pp. 23-25, Spring 2011
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 22 Sep 2011
David Coyne and Bo Zhao
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 16 (565,644)

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24.

Disinvesting in the Future?: A Comprehensive Examination of the Effects of State Appropriations for Public Higher Education

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 18-1
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 17 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 21 Feb 2019
Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 15 (571,878)

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state appropriations, public higher education, community colleges, state funding cuts

25.

From Urban Core to Wealthy Towns: Nonschool Fiscal Disparities Across Connecticut Municipalities

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 15-14
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 01 Jan 2016
Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 12 (591,438)

Abstract:

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fiscal disparities, municipal gap, municipal cost, revenue-raising capacity, property tax, state grants

26.

Reforming Municipal Aid in Massachusetts: The Case for a Gap-Based Formula

FRB of Boston Public Policy Brief No. 10-2
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 21 Sep 2011
Bo Zhao and David Coyne
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics
Downloads 12 (591,438)

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27.

Consequences of State Disinvestment in Public Higher Education: Lessons for the New England States

FRB Boston Research Data Report No. 19-1
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 25 Feb 2019
Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 10 (604,595)

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New England, higher education, fiscal policy, regional economy

28.

Measuring Non-School Fiscal Imbalances of New England Municipalities

FRB of Boston Public Policy Brief No. 07-6
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Bo Zhao and Katharine Bradbury
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 10 (604,595)

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29.

Making Cuts in State Aid More Equitable

Communities & Banking, pp. 24-26, Spring 2012
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 04 Mar 2012
Bo Zhao and David Coyne
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics
Downloads 7 (624,588)

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30.

State Disinvestment in Higher Education: The Impact on Public Research Universities' Patent Applications

FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 19-2
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 25 Feb 2019
Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Downloads 4 (645,402)

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state appropriations, state funding cuts, higher education, public universities, patent applications

31.

Measuring Non-School Fiscal Disparities Among Municipalities

National Tax Journal, Vol. 62, No. 1, 2009
Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Katharine Bradbury and Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

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32.

The Fiscal Impact of Local-Option Taxes on Municipalities: The Case of Massachusetts

Municipal Finance Journal, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 63-86, 2011
Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

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Representative tax system, local-option tax capacity, fiscal disparity

33.

Designing State Aid Formulas

Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 278-295, 2009
Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Bo Zhao and Katharine Bradbury
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

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34.

Does the Number of Houses a Broker Shows Depend on a Homeseeker's Race?

Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 57, No. 1, 2005
Posted: 22 Sep 2011
Bo Zhao
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

Abstract:

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Discrimination, Housing, Audits, Poisson model

35.

Do Lenders Discriminate Against Minority and Woman Entrepreneurs?

Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 63, No. 2, 2008
Posted: 22 Sep 2011
affiliation not provided to SSRN, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Syracuse University, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs

Abstract:

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Small-business credit, Lending discrimination