Torben Spaak

Stockholm University

Professor of Jurisprudence

S-106 91 Stockholm

Sweden

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

42

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12,563

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 16,527

in Total Papers Citations

7

CROSSREF CITATIONS

50

Scholarly Papers (42)

1.

Kelsen and Hart on the Normativity of Law

PERSPECTIVES ON JURISPRUDENCE: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF JES BJARUP, Peter Wahlgren, ed., pp. 397-414, 2005
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 08 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 1,504 (12,636)

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Kelsen, Hart, Normativity of Law

2.

Moral Relativism and Human Rights

Buffalo Human Rights Law Review, Vol. 13, 2007
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 09 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 03 Dec 2007
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 844 (29,991)

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moral relativism, human rights, tolerance

3.

Kelsen on Monism and Dualism

Marko Novakovic, ed., Basic Concepts of Public International Law: Monism & Dualism, 322-343. Belgrade: Alter DOO and Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, Institute of Comparative Law.
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 12 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2013
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 758 (34,742)

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Kelsen, monism, dualism, norm conflicts, epistemological postulate, solipsism, international law, state law

4.

Naturalism in Scandinavian and American Realism: Similarities and Differences

DE LEGE, UPPSALA-MINNESOTA COLLOQUIUM: LAW, CULTURE AND VALUES, Mattias Dahlberg, ed., pp. 33-83, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2009
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 06 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2011
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 704 (38,414)

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Naturalism, Conceptual Analysis, Meta-Ethics, Binding Force, Scandinavian and American Legal Realism

5.

Meta-Ethics and Legal Theory: The Case of Gustav Radbruch

Law and Philosophy, Vol. 28, pp. 261-290, 2008
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 596 (48,000)

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Radbruch, relativism, legal positivism, Radbruch formula

6.

Legal Positivism, Law's Normativity, and the Normative Force of Legal Justification

Ratio Juris, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 469-485, 2003
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 560 (51,928)

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Legal positivism, natural law theory, normativity of law, legal justification

7.

Principled and Pragmatic Theories of Legal Reasoning

FESTSKRIFT TILL AKE FRANDBERG, Anders Fogelklou & Torben Spaak, eds., pp. 235-262, 2003
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 08 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 544 (53,827)

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Theories of legal reasoning

8.

Relativism in Legal Thinking: Stanley Fish and the Concept of an Interpretive Community

Ratio Juris, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 157-171, 2008
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 536 (54,899)

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Fish, interpretation, conceptual relativism, interpretive community

9.

Legal Positivism and the Objectivity of Law

Annalisi e Diritto, Vol. 253, pp. 253-267, 2004
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 19 Jul 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 499 (60,068)

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Legal positivism, Objectivity of Law, statutory interpretation, moral objectivity

10.

The Concept of Legal Competence

The IVR Encyclopeadia of Jurisprudence, Legal Theory, and Philosophy of Law, May 2005
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 10 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 421 (73,968)

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Competence, power, validity, legal positions

11.

Fuzzifying the Natural Law-Legal Positivist Debate

Buffalo Law Review, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 85-119, 1995
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 16 Aug 2006
Edward S. Adams and Torben Spaak
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law and Stockholm University
Downloads 392 (80,399)
Citation 1

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Natural Law Theory, Legal Positivism, Fuzzy Logic

Karl Olivecrona's Legal Philosophy: A Critical Appraisal

Ratio Juris, 2011
Number of pages: 85 Posted: 16 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 26 May 2010
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 374 (84,473)

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Jurisprudence, Scandinavian Realism, Olivecrona, Hagerstrum, Naturalisn, Binding Force, Truth

Karl Olivecrona's Legal Philosophy: A Critical Appraisal

Ratio Juris, Vol. 24, Issue 2, pp. 156-193, 2011
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 May 2011
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 4 (693,989)
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13.
Downloads 377 ( 84,079)
Citation 2

Alf Ross on the Concept of a Legal Right

Forthcoming in Ratio Juris 2013
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 20 May 2013
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 376 (83,905)

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Alf Ross, legal rights, connective concepts

Alf Ross on the Concept of a Legal Right

Ratio Juris, Vol. 27, Issue 4, pp. 461-476, 2014
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 28 Nov 2014
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
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14.

Legal Positivism, Anti-Realism, and the Interpretation of Statutes

LOGIC, LAW, MORALITY. THIRTEEN ESSAYS IN PRACTICAL PHILOSOPHY IN HONOUR OF LENNART AQVIST, pp. 127-145, Krister Segerberg & Rysiek Sliwinski, eds., Uppsala University, 2003
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 11 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 353 (90,802)

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Legal positivism, anti-realism, statutory interpretation

15.

Legal Positivism and the Claim to Correctness

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 13 Oct 2011
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 333 (96,864)

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16.

Book Review: Brian Leiter, Naturalizing Jurisprudence

Theoria, Vol. 74, No. 4, pp. 352-62, 2008
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 04 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 293 (111,451)

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Naturalism, Conceptual Analysis, American Realism, Scandinavian Realism

17.

Guidance and Constraint: the Action-Guiding Capacity of Neil Maccormick's Theory of Legal Reasoning

Law and Philosophy, Vol. 26, pp. 343-76, 2007
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 276 (118,776)
Citation 2

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MacCormick, legal reasoning, action-guiding capacity

18.

Naturalism and Non-Naturalism in Legal Philosophy: Hägerström on Kelsen

AXEL HAGERSTROM AND MODERN SOCIAL THOUGHT, Sven Eliaeson, Patricia Mindus, Stephen Turner, eds., Oxford: The Bardwell Press, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 31 May 2013
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 271 (121,027)

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naturalism, non-naturalism, Hägerström, Scandinavian legal realism, Kelsen, Popper, legal conventionalism

19.

Moral Relativism and the Rechtsstaat

FESTSCHRIFT FOR ANDERS FOGELKLOU, Åke Frändberg, Stefan Hedlund, Torben Spaak, eds., Uppsala: Iustus, pp. 219-233
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 268 (122,453)

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Moral relativism, statutory interpretation, the Rechtsstaat

20.

Explicating the Concept of Legal Competence

Concepts in the Law, 2008
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 17 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2008
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 246 (133,777)
Citation 2

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legal competence, legal power, concept, explication, rational reconstruction, validity

21.

The Idea of a Right to Genetic Privacy

Juridisk tidskrift, pp. 326-339, 2008-09
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2014
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 225 (145,961)

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right to privacy, right to liberty, public-private distinction

22.
Downloads 222 (148,549)
Citation 1

Realism about the Nature of Law

Forthcoming in Ratio Juris 2015
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2015
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 222 (148,161)

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Scandinavian legal realism, legal positivism, norms, naturalism, non-cognitivism, conventionalism, sources of law, Ross, Olivecrona, Lundstedt, Hägerström, Kelsen, the basic norm, the World of the Ought, jurisprudential dualism

Realism About the Nature of Law

Ratio Juris, Vol. 30, Issue 1, pp. 75-104, 2017
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Feb 2017
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
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23.

Legal Positivism, Conventionalism, and the Normativity of Law

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 02 Jun 2017
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 207 (157,956)

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Legal positivism, conventionalism, normativity, Kelsen, Postema, Marmor, basic norm, detached statements, coordination convention, constitutive convention, conditional normativity

24.

The Problem About the Nature of Law

FESTSCHRIFT FOR ERIK CARLSSON, Frans Svensson and Rysiek Sliwinski, eds., Uppsala: Uppsala University, Department of Philosophy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 01 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 30 Aug 2011
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 186 (174,260)

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25.
Downloads 186 (175,109)
Citation 1

Karl Olivecrona on Judicial Law-Making

Ratio Juris, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2009
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 17 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2013
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 183 (177,602)

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Scandinavian Realism, Karl Olivecrona, Evaluations, Conventions, Judicial Law-Making

Karl Olivecrona on Judicial Law-Making

Ratio Juris, Vol. 22, Issue 4, pp. 483-498, December 2009
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 17 Nov 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
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26.

(Review of) Legal Theory (Peter Wahlgren Ed. 2000)

Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, Vol. 88, No. 2, pp. 298-304, 2002
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 16 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 172 (186,734)

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Hägerström, non-cognitivism, Scandinavian Legal Realism

27.

Karl Olivecrona on Legislation

Theory and Practice of Legislation 1: 59-76 (2013)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2013
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 125 (242,136)
Citation 1

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Scandinavian legal realism, Karl Olivecrona, naturalism, independent imperatives, binding force, revolution

28.

The Legal Philosophy of Ingemar Hedenius

A TREATISE OF LEGAL PHILOSOPHY AND GENERAL JURISPRUDENCE, Vol. 11.2, Enrico Pattaro, ed., Springer, 2009
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 18 Oct 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 120 (249,705)

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Scandinavian realism, internal legal statements, predictive analysis, legal validity, ownership, performatives

29.

Legal Realism and Functional Kinds: Michael Moore's Metaphysically Reductionist Naturalism

Number of pages: 67 Posted: 30 Jan 2018
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 113 (260,808)
Citation 1

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30.

Review of Stefano Bertea and George Pavlakos, Eds., New Essays on the Normativity of Law (Hart Publishing, 2011)

Jurisprudence 2012/2013, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Jun 2012
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 105 (274,619)

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Normativity of Law, Legal Positivism, Kelsen, Shapiro, Marmor

31.

Genetic Discrimination

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science, and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2006
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 102 (280,157)

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Genetic discrimination, "geneticism", formal justice, Rechtsstaat

32.

Robert Alexy and the Dual Nature of Law

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 09 Apr 2019
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 90 (303,633)
Citation 1

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Alexy, dual nature of law, claim to correctness, discourse theory, legal positivism, explication, deontic logic

33.
Downloads 88 (307,972)
Citation 2

Schauer's Anti-Essentialism

Number of pages: 61 Posted: 19 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2015
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 88 (310,508)

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philosophical analysis, explication, ideal-type, anti-essentialism, coercion, family resemblance, cognitive science, Hart, Olivecrona

Schauer's Anti‐Essentialism

Ratio Juris, Vol. 29, Issue 2, pp. 182-214, 2016
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 26 May 2016
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
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34.

Relativism in the Philosophy of Law

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 04 Mar 2019
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 87 (310,207)

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Relativism, Kelsen, Radbruch, Tolerance, Leal Statements, Disagreement

35.

The Scope of Legal Positivism: Validity or Interpretation?

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Aug 2019
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 85 (314,705)

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legal positivism, sources of law, validity, interpretation, theoretical disagreement, Stanley Fish

36.

The Canberra Plan and the Nature of Law

Number of pages: 60 Posted: 28 Nov 2015
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 78 (331,247)

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37.

Ross on the Dualism of Reality and Validity

Utopia y Praxis Latinoamericana 72: 41-66. 2015
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 18 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 12 May 2016
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 78 (331,247)

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38.

Legal Realism and Legal Reasoning: A Quasi-Realist Approach

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 17 Jun 2019
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 60 (384,492)

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legal realism, legal reasoning, meta-ethics, quasi-realism, legal statements, normativity, Simon Blackburn, truth-trees

39.

A Challenge to Bix's Interpretation of Kelsen and Hart's Views of the Normativity of Law

Revus Journal for Constitutional Theory and Philosophy of Law, 2019, DOI/0.4000/revus.4561
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 31 Jan 2019
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 41 (449,328)

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Brian Bix, Kelsen, Hart, Normativity, the Basic Norm, Detached Statements

40.

Norms that Confer Competence

Ratio Juris, Vol. 16, pp. 89-104, March 2003
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 May 2003
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
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41.

Relativism in Legal Thinking: Stanley Fish and the Concept of an Interpretative Community

Ratio Juris, Vol. 21, Issue 1, pp. 157-171, March 2008
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 26 Feb 2008
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 6 (650,232)
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42.

Review of Noam Gur, Legal Directives and Practical Reasons

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 May 2020
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 5 (657,209)

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legal norms, practical reasons, reasons for action, exclusionary reasons, authority, Joseph Raz, dispositions, attitudes

Other Papers (5)

Total Downloads: 627
1.

(Review of) Neil Maccormick, Rhetoric and the Rule of Law: A Theory of Legal Reasoning (2005)

Constitutional Commentary, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 121-137, 2006
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 425

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MacCormick, legal reasoning, rule of law, deduction, universalization, consequentialist arguments

2.

(Review of) Philip Soper, the Ethics of Deference

Theoria, Vol. 2, 2006
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 10 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 107

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natural law theory, legal positivism, nature of law, political obligation

3.

Book Review: Practical Reason in Law and Morality by Neil MacCormick

Ethics 120: 192-197 (2009)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 27 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 23 Nov 2015
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 40

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Practical Reason, Moral Objectivity, Categorical Imperative, Natural Law, Legal Positivism, Reasons for Action

4.

Book Review: Rex Martin, a System of Rights (1993)

THEORIA, Vol. 61, No. 1, pp. 80-94, 1995
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 15 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 38

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Rights, democracy, political authority, internal justification

5.

Book Review: Ingvill Helland and Sören Koch, Eds., Nordic and Germanic Legal Methods

Nordicum-Mediterraneum 2016, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 24 Feb 2016
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 17

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Legal reasoning, the legal method, legal culture, comparative law