Torben Spaak

Stockholm University

Professor of Jurisprudence

S-106 91 Stockholm

Sweden

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

50

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18,345

SSRN CITATIONS
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20

CROSSREF CITATIONS

36

Scholarly Papers (50)

1.

Kelsen and Hart on the Normativity of Law

PERSPECTIVES ON JURISPRUDENCE: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF JES BJARUP, Peter Wahlgren, ed., pp. 397-414, 2005
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 08 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 1,884 (16,107)

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Kelsen, Hart, Normativity of Law

2.

Kelsen on Monism and Dualism

Marko Novakovic, ed., Basic Concepts of Public International Law: Monism & Dualism, 322-343. Belgrade: Alter DOO and Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, Institute of Comparative Law.
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 12 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2013
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 1,770 (17,738)

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Kelsen, monism, dualism, norm conflicts, epistemological postulate, solipsism, international law, state law

3.

Moral Relativism and Human Rights

Buffalo Human Rights Law Review, Vol. 13, 2007
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 09 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 03 Dec 2007
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 973 (42,873)

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moral relativism, human rights, tolerance

4.

Naturalism in Scandinavian and American Realism: Similarities and Differences

DE LEGE, UPPSALA-MINNESOTA COLLOQUIUM: LAW, CULTURE AND VALUES, Mattias Dahlberg, ed., pp. 33-83, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2009
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 06 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2011
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 902 (47,603)

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Naturalism, Conceptual Analysis, Meta-Ethics, Binding Force, Scandinavian and American Legal Realism

5.

Meta-Ethics and Legal Theory: The Case of Gustav Radbruch

Law and Philosophy, Vol. 28, pp. 261-290, 2008
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 680 (69,527)

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Radbruch, relativism, legal positivism, Radbruch formula

6.

Karl Olivecrona's Legal Philosophy: A Critical Appraisal

Ratio Juris, 2011
Number of pages: 85 Posted: 16 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 26 May 2010
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 673 (70,570)

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Jurisprudence, Scandinavian Realism, Olivecrona, Hagerstrum, Naturalisn, Binding Force, Truth

7.

Legal Positivism, Law's Normativity, and the Normative Force of Legal Justification

Ratio Juris, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 469-485, 2003
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 643 (74,624)
Citation 2

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Legal positivism, natural law theory, normativity of law, legal justification

8.

Relativism in Legal Thinking: Stanley Fish and the Concept of an Interpretive Community

Ratio Juris, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 157-171, 2008
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 615 (78,832)

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Fish, interpretation, conceptual relativism, interpretive community

9.

Principled and Pragmatic Theories of Legal Reasoning

FESTSKRIFT TILL AKE FRANDBERG, Anders Fogelklou & Torben Spaak, eds., pp. 235-262, 2003
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 08 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 581 (84,738)

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Theories of legal reasoning

10.

Legal Positivism and the Objectivity of Law

Annalisi e Diritto, Vol. 253, pp. 253-267, 2004
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 19 Jul 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 581 (84,738)

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Legal positivism, Objectivity of Law, statutory interpretation, moral objectivity

11.

The Concept of Legal Competence

The IVR Encyclopeadia of Jurisprudence, Legal Theory, and Philosophy of Law, May 2005
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 10 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 534 (94,201)

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Competence, power, validity, legal positions

12.

Legal Positivism and the Claim to Correctness

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 13 Oct 2011
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 489 (104,968)

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13.

Alf Ross on the Concept of a Legal Right

Forthcoming in Ratio Juris 2013
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 20 May 2013
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 461 (112,512)

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Alf Ross, legal rights, connective concepts

14.

Relativism in the Philosophy of Law

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 04 Mar 2019
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 427 (123,526)

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Relativism, Kelsen, Radbruch, Tolerance, Leal Statements, Disagreement

15.

Fuzzifying the Natural Law-Legal Positivist Debate

Buffalo Law Review, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 85-119, 1995
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 16 Aug 2006
Edward S. Adams and Torben Spaak
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law and Stockholm University
Downloads 424 (124,165)
Citation 1

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Natural Law Theory, Legal Positivism, Fuzzy Logic

16.

Legal Positivism, Anti-Realism, and the Interpretation of Statutes

LOGIC, LAW, MORALITY. THIRTEEN ESSAYS IN PRACTICAL PHILOSOPHY IN HONOUR OF LENNART AQVIST, pp. 127-145, Krister Segerberg & Rysiek Sliwinski, eds., Uppsala University, 2003
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 11 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 423 (124,494)

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Legal positivism, anti-realism, statutory interpretation

17.

Legal Positivism, Conventionalism, and the Normativity of Law

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 02 Jun 2017
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 364 (147,528)
Citation 2

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Legal positivism, conventionalism, normativity, Kelsen, Postema, Marmor, basic norm, detached statements, coordination convention, constitutive convention, conditional normativity

18.

Naturalism and Non-Naturalism in Legal Philosophy: Hägerström on Kelsen

AXEL HAGERSTROM AND MODERN SOCIAL THOUGHT, Sven Eliaeson, Patricia Mindus, Stephen Turner, eds., Oxford: The Bardwell Press, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 31 May 2013
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 346 (155,909)

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naturalism, non-naturalism, Hägerström, Scandinavian legal realism, Kelsen, Popper, legal conventionalism

19.

Book Review: Brian Leiter, Naturalizing Jurisprudence

Theoria, Vol. 74, No. 4, pp. 352-62, 2008
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 04 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 342 (157,842)

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Naturalism, Conceptual Analysis, American Realism, Scandinavian Realism

20.

Realism about the Nature of Law

Forthcoming in Ratio Juris 2015
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2015
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 325 (166,798)

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Scandinavian legal realism, legal positivism, norms, naturalism, non-cognitivism, conventionalism, sources of law, Ross, Olivecrona, Lundstedt, Hägerström, Kelsen, the basic norm, the World of the Ought, jurisprudential dualism

21.

Guidance and Constraint: the Action-Guiding Capacity of Neil Maccormick's Theory of Legal Reasoning

Law and Philosophy, Vol. 26, pp. 343-76, 2007
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 324 (167,335)
Citation 2

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MacCormick, legal reasoning, action-guiding capacity

22.

Moral Relativism and the Rechtsstaat

FESTSCHRIFT FOR ANDERS FOGELKLOU, Åke Frändberg, Stefan Hedlund, Torben Spaak, eds., Uppsala: Iustus, pp. 219-233
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 312 (174,140)

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Moral relativism, statutory interpretation, the Rechtsstaat

23.

Explicating the Concept of Legal Competence

Concepts in the Law, 2008
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 17 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2008
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 297 (183,423)
Citation 2

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legal competence, legal power, concept, explication, rational reconstruction, validity

24.

The Scope of Legal Positivism: Validity or Interpretation?

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Aug 2019
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 289 (188,675)
Citation 2

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legal positivism, sources of law, validity, interpretation, theoretical disagreement, Stanley Fish

25.

Legal Philosophy and the Study of Legal Reasoning

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 01 Dec 2021
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 267 (204,592)
Citation 1

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legal philosophy, legal reasoning, reasons holism, legal statements, deducrive reasoning, inductive reasoning

26.

The Idea of a Right to Genetic Privacy

Juridisk tidskrift, pp. 326-339, 2008-09
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2014
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 265 (206,091)

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right to privacy, right to liberty, public-private distinction

27.

Robert Alexy and the Dual Nature of Law

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 09 Apr 2019
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 249 (219,286)
Citation 1

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Alexy, dual nature of law, claim to correctness, discourse theory, legal positivism, explication, deontic logic

28.

The Problem About the Nature of Law

FESTSCHRIFT FOR ERIK CARLSSON, Frans Svensson and Rysiek Sliwinski, eds., Uppsala: Uppsala University, Department of Philosophy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 01 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 30 Aug 2011
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 220 (247,070)

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29.

Karl Olivecrona on Judicial Law-Making

Ratio Juris, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2009
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 17 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2013
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 212 (255,696)

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Scandinavian Realism, Karl Olivecrona, Evaluations, Conventions, Judicial Law-Making

30.

(Review of) Legal Theory (Peter Wahlgren Ed. 2000)

Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, Vol. 88, No. 2, pp. 298-304, 2002
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 16 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 202 (267,290)

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Hägerström, non-cognitivism, Scandinavian Legal Realism

31.

Legal Realism and Functional Kinds: Michael Moore's Metaphysically Reductionist Naturalism

Number of pages: 67 Posted: 30 Jan 2018
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 195 (275,986)
Citation 1

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32.

Animal Law: Human Duties or Animal Rights?

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 19 Nov 2020
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 175 (303,782)
Citation 1

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Animal Rights, Animal Welfare, Concepts, Explication, Legal Statements, Will-Theory, Interest-Theory, Hohfeld-Elements, Hart, Wellman, MacCormick

33.

Reasons Holism and the Shared View of Precedent

Faculty of Law, Stockholm University Research Paper No. 118
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 06 Apr 2022 Last Revised: 14 Feb 2023
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 167 (316,353)

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reasons holism, precedent, reasons for action, legal positivism, universalizability, supervenience

34.

The Legal Philosophy of Ingemar Hedenius

A TREATISE OF LEGAL PHILOSOPHY AND GENERAL JURISPRUDENCE, Vol. 11.2, Enrico Pattaro, ed., Springer, 2009
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 18 Oct 2009
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 149 (348,077)

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Scandinavian realism, internal legal statements, predictive analysis, legal validity, ownership, performatives

35.

Karl Olivecrona on Legislation

Theory and Practice of Legislation 1: 59-76 (2013)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2013
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 147 (351,958)
Citation 1

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Scandinavian legal realism, Karl Olivecrona, naturalism, independent imperatives, binding force, revolution

36.

Sources of Law in Continental Analytical Jurisprudence

Forthcoming in L. Burazin, M.S. Green & G. Pino (eds.), Jurisprudence in the Mirror (Oxford University Press), Faculty of Law, Stockholm University Research Paper No. 113
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 06 Apr 2022 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2023
Torben Spaak and Mathieu Carpentier
Stockholm University and Universite de Toulouse 1 Capitole
Downloads 140 (365,907)

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sources of law, legal philosophy; general jurisprudence; Continental analytical jurisprudence; Hans Kelsen; Alf Ross; legislation; precedent; custom;

37.

The Canberra Plan and the Nature of Law

Number of pages: 60 Posted: 28 Nov 2015
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 137 (372,080)

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38.

Review of Stefano Bertea and George Pavlakos, Eds., New Essays on the Normativity of Law (Hart Publishing, 2011)

Jurisprudence 2012/2013, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Jun 2012
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 135 (376,307)

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Normativity of Law, Legal Positivism, Kelsen, Shapiro, Marmor

39.

Kelsen’s Metaethics

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 14 Jan 2021
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 127 (394,495)

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Pure Thepry of Law, Kelsen, Metaethics, Relativism, Noncognitivism, Fictionalism, Theory of the Basic Norm, Detached Statements, Natural Law Theory, Deontic Logic

40.

Genetic Discrimination

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science, and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2006
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 124 (401,749)

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Genetic discrimination, "geneticism", formal justice, Rechtsstaat

41.

Legal Realism and Legal Reasoning: A Quasi-Realist Approach

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 17 Jun 2019
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 117 (419,426)

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legal realism, legal reasoning, meta-ethics, quasi-realism, legal statements, normativity, Simon Blackburn, truth-trees

42.

Schauer's Anti-Essentialism

Number of pages: 61 Posted: 19 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2015
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 117 (419,426)

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philosophical analysis, explication, ideal-type, anti-essentialism, coercion, family resemblance, cognitive science, Hart, Olivecrona

43.

Ross on the Dualism of Reality and Validity

Utopia y Praxis Latinoamericana 72: 41-66. 2015
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 18 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 12 May 2016
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 114 (427,579)
Citation 1

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44.

Legal Argumentation and the Nature of Law

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Dec 2023
Torben Spaak and Stockholm Law Submitter
Stockholm University and Stockholm University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 105 (453,863)

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legal argumentation, interpretation, application, functional kinds, Michael Moore, Joseph Raz, Robert Alexy, Alf Ross

45.

A Challenge to Bix's Interpretation of Kelsen and Hart's Views of the Normativity of Law

Revus Journal for Constitutional Theory and Philosophy of Law, 2019, DOI/0.4000/revus.4561
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 31 Jan 2019
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 94 (489,368)

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Brian Bix, Kelsen, Hart, Normativity, the Basic Norm, Detached Statements

46.

The Authoritative Intention Thesis

Faculty of Law, Stockholm University Research Paper No. 117
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 Jan 2022 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2023
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 69 (596,336)
Citation 1

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Raz, intention, legislation, authority, necessity, modal logic, nature of law

47.

Consistency in Law

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 26 Apr 2023
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 55 (657,305)

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48.

The Evolution of Scandinavian Legal Realism

Wojciech Zaluski et al., eds., Handbook on Legal Evolution (Edward Elgar), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 28 Dec 2022
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 51 (679,852)

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Scandinavian legal realism, normativity, rules, rights, emotivism, error theory, norms, norm-propositions

49.

Review of Noam Gur, Legal Directives and Practical Reasons

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 May 2020
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 45 (716,747)

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legal norms, practical reasons, reasons for action, exclusionary reasons, authority, Joseph Raz, dispositions, attitudes

50.

Robert Alexy's Legal Constitutivism

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 03 Feb 2024
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 8 (1,031,140)

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Other Papers (5)

Total Downloads: 839
1.

(Review of) Neil Maccormick, Rhetoric and the Rule of Law: A Theory of Legal Reasoning (2005)

Constitutional Commentary, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 121-137, 2006
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 529

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MacCormick, legal reasoning, rule of law, deduction, universalization, consequentialist arguments

2.

(Review of) Philip Soper, the Ethics of Deference

Theoria, Vol. 2, 2006
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 10 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 126

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natural law theory, legal positivism, nature of law, political obligation

3.

Book Review: Rex Martin, a System of Rights (1993)

THEORIA, Vol. 61, No. 1, pp. 80-94, 1995
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 15 Aug 2006
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 82

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Rights, democracy, political authority, internal justification

4.

Book Review: Practical Reason in Law and Morality by Neil MacCormick

Ethics 120: 192-197 (2009)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 27 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 23 Nov 2015
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 64

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Practical Reason, Moral Objectivity, Categorical Imperative, Natural Law, Legal Positivism, Reasons for Action

5.

Book Review: Ingvill Helland and Sören Koch, Eds., Nordic and Germanic Legal Methods

Nordicum-Mediterraneum 2016, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 24 Feb 2016
Torben Spaak
Stockholm University
Downloads 38

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Legal reasoning, the legal method, legal culture, comparative law