William E. Kovacic

George Washington University - Law School

Professor of Law; Global Competition Chair in Law and Policy

2000 H Street, N.W.

Washington, DC 20052

United States

http://www.law.gwu.edu/faculty/profile.aspx?id=1731

King's College London - The Dickson Poon School of Law

Somerset House East Wing

Strand

London, WC2R 2LS

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

40

DOWNLOADS
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Top 3,822

in Total Papers Downloads

11,167

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 10,958

in Total Papers Citations

55

CROSSREF CITATIONS

49

Scholarly Papers (40)

1.

Antitrust Policy: A Century of Economic and Legal Thinking

U of California, Berkeley, Center for Competition Policy Working Paper No. CPC99-09
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Feb 2004
William E. Kovacic and Carl Shapiro
George Washington University - Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,812 (9,878)
Citation 29

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Antitrust, Sherman Act

2.

Behavioral Economics: Implications for Regulatory Behavior

Journal of Regulatory Economics, Vol. 41, No. 1, February 2012, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 13-13
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 22 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2014
James C. Cooper and William E. Kovacic
George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 762 (36,146)
Citation 10

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administrative law, antitrust, asymmetric, Bennett, competition, competitiveness, confirmation bias, endowment effect, Farina, Ginsburg, Jolls, Klick, Korobkin, loss aversion, market, merger, Mitchell, Moore, myopia, public choice, regulation, Rachlinski, Rinner, Stone, Stucke, Tor, Ulen, Wright

3.

Plus Factors and Agreement in Antitrust Law

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 110, No. 3, p. 393-436, 2011, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-1, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2012-1
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 06 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2014
George Washington University - Law School, Pennsylvania State University, College of the Liberal Arts - Department of Economic, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Economics Group and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics
Downloads 673 (42,798)
Citation 2

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Horizontal price restraints, Horizontal output restraints, Cartels, Collusion, Concerted Action, Sherman Act, Plus Factors, Buyer Actions

4.

Lessons for Competition Policy from the Vitamins Cartel

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 12 Oct 2005
George Washington University - Law School, Pennsylvania State University, College of the Liberal Arts - Department of Economic, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Economics Group and Bates White, LLC
Downloads 658 (44,090)
Citation 4

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Collusion, antitrust, merger, coordinated effects, maverick, horizontal merger guidelines

5.

Competition Agency Design: What's on the Menu?

GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-135, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2012-135, Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 13-26
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2014
William E. Kovacic and David A. Hyman
George Washington University - Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 656 (44,279)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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competition agency, institutional design

6.

Identifying Anticompetitive Agreements in the United States and the European Union: Developing a Coherent Antitrust Analytical Framework

Antitrust Bulletin, Forthcoming, TLI Think! Paper 57/2017, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2017-12, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-12, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2017-17
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 23 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2017
Alison Jones and William E. Kovacic
King's College London – The Dickson Poon School of Law and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 539 (57,030)
Citation 2

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antitrust analysis of agreements, rules and standards, per se rules, ancillary restraints

7.

Competition Agencies with Complex Policy Portfolios: Divide or Conquer?

Illinois Program in Law, Behavior and Social Science Paper No. LE12-14, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-70, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2012-70
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 17 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2014
David A. Hyman and William E. Kovacic
Georgetown University Law Center and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 483 (65,441)
Citation 2

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agency design, reorganization, bureaucracy, antitrust, competition law

8.

Individual Sanctions for Competition Law Infringements: Pros, Cons and Challenges

Concurrences Review N° 2-2016, Art. N° 78515, pp. 14-44, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2016-26, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-26
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 21 May 2016 Last Revised: 30 Jun 2016
Helmut Schmidt University / University of the Armed Forces Hamburg, Autorité de la Concurrence, University of Bonn - Institut für Handels- und Wirtschaftsrecht, George Washington University - Law School and University of East Anglia (UEA) - Centre for Competition Policy
Downloads 372 (89,303)

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Antitrust, Competition Law, individual sanctions, criminal sanctions, leniency, enforcement

9.

A Modest Proposal to Enhance Civil/Military Integration: Rethinking the Renegotiation Regime as a Regulatory Mechanism to Decriminalize Cost, Pricing, and Profit Policy

GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 178
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 13 Dec 2005
William E. Kovacic and Steven L. Schooner
George Washington University - Law School and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 368 (90,380)

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Truth in Negotiations Act, TINA, Renegotiation Act, profit policy, government contracts, public procurement

10.

The International Competition Network: Its Past, Current, and Future Role

Minnesota Journal of International Law, Vol. 20, p. 274, 2011, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 595, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 595
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 04 Dec 2011
Hugh Hollman and William E. Kovacic
Federal Trade Commission and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 364 (91,531)
Citation 4

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International Competition Network, Convergence, Competition Policy, Competition Systems, Best Practices, Non-Government Advisors, Multinational competition networks, OECD, UNCTAD

11.

Merger Control Procedures and Institutions: A Comparison of the EU and US Practice

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. 2014/20, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2014-3, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-3, Columbia Law and Economics Working Paper No. 476
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2014
William E. Kovacic, Petros C. Mavroidis and Damien Neven
George Washington University - Law School, Columbia University - Law School and Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID)
Downloads 356 (93,895)
Citation 1

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Merger procedures; Agency design

12.

Behavioral Economics and Its Meaning for Antitrust Agency Decision Making

Journal of Law, Economics and Policy, Vol. 8, No. 4, Fall 2012, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 13-17
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 22 Feb 2013
James C. Cooper and William E. Kovacic
George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 311 (109,147)
Citation 1

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Amos Tversky, Bayesian, Cass Sunstein, Christine Jolls, Coasian, Continental T.V., Inc. v. GTE Sylvania, confirmation, Daniel Kahneman, David Laibson, Farina, Hayek, Korobkin, Rachlinski, regulators, Ronald Coase, Schwinn, status quo bias, Stefano DellaVigna, Ulen, Ulrike Malmendier, Xavier Gabaix

13.

Preventing Corruption, Supplier Collusion and the Corrosion of Civic Trust: A Procompetitive Program to Improve the Effectiveness and Legitimacy of Public Procurement

(2019) 26(4) George Mason Law Review 1233, TLI Think! Paper 5/2019, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 19-14
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 30 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2020
Robert D. Anderson, Alison Jones and William E. Kovacic
University of Nottingham (UK), King's College London – The Dickson Poon School of Law and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 260 (131,973)

Abstract:

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Public Procurement, Corruption, Collusion

14.

Why Who Does What Matters: Governmental Design and Agency Performance

Illinois Program in Law, Behavior and Social Science Paper No. LBSS14-11, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2014-2, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-2
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 07 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2019
David A. Hyman and William E. Kovacic
Georgetown University Law Center and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 255 (134,574)
Citation 1

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governmental design, agency, CFPB, PPACA, implementation

15.

Institutional Foundations for Economic Legal Reform Transition Economies: The Case of Competition Policy and Antitrust Enforcement

Chicago-Kent Law Review, Vol. 77, No. 265, p. 265-315, 2001, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 591, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 591
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 08 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2014
William E. Kovacic
George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 241 (142,322)
Citation 3

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Emerging Markets, Transition Economy, Competition Policy, Technical Assistance, Economic Liberalization, Legal Reforms, Antitrust

16.

Rating the Competition Agencies: What Constitutes Good Performance?

George Mason Law Review, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2009, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-21, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2012-21
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 11 Mar 2012
William E. Kovacic
George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 204 (166,695)

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Performance Grades, Performance Metric, Department of Justice, Federal Trade Commission, Evaluation Criteria, Long-term capital investments

17.

Serial Collusion by Multi-Product Firms

Boston Univ. School of Law, Law and Economics Research Paper No. 18-18, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2018-28
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 20 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 21 Oct 2018
William E. Kovacic, Robert C. Marshall and Michael J. Meurer
George Washington University - Law School, Pennsylvania State University, College of the Liberal Arts - Department of Economic and Boston University - School of Law
Downloads 196 (173,102)

Abstract:

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Collusion, antitrust, multi-market contact, leniency, price-fixing

18.

Regulatory Leveraging: Problem or Solution?

GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2016-41, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-41, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-30, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2016-38
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 25 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2019
William E. Kovacic and David A. Hyman
George Washington University - Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 190 (178,031)

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merger review, leverage

19.

Using Ex Post Evaluations to Improve the Performance of Competition Policy Authorities

Journal of Corporation Law, Vol. 31, No. 2, p. 503, 2006, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-5, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2012-5
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 13 Jan 2012
William E. Kovacic
George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 190 (178,031)
Citation 2

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Ex Post Evaluation, Competition Policy, Methodology, Public Policy, Competition Agency, Internal Agency Procedures, Multinational Organizations

20.

Competition Policy and the Application of Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 76, p. 929, 2010, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 590, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 590
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 02 Nov 2011
William E. Kovacic and Marc Winerman
George Washington University - Law School and Independent
Downloads 177 (189,573)
Citation 1

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Federal Trade Commission, Section 5 or Section 5 Enforcement, Competition policy, Antitrust, Sherman Act

21.

Implementing Privacy Policy: Who Should Do What?

GWU Legal Studies Research Paper, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 25 Feb 2018
David A. Hyman and William E. Kovacic
Georgetown University Law Center and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 175 (191,472)
Citation 3

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Privacy, Implementation, Enforcement, FTC, Federal Trade Commission, Privacy Policy

22.

Learned Hand, Alcoa, and the Reluctant Application of the Sherman Act

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 79, No. 1, 2013
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 29 Mar 2014
Marc Winerman and William E. Kovacic
Independent and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 159 (207,838)

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Learned Hand, Alcoa, Aluminum Company of America, competition policy, monopolization

23.

Health Care Competition Law in the Shadow of State Action: Minimizing MACs

University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-31, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2016-42, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-42, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2016-42
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 27 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2016
David A. Hyman and William E. Kovacic
Georgetown University Law Center and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 158 (208,963)

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health care, competition, antitrust, state action, pharmaceuticals, MAC

24.

U.S. Convergence with International Competition Norms: Antitrust Law and Public Restraints on Competition

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 90, No. 4, pp. 1555-1610, August 2010, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 12-76, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-145, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2012-145
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 07 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2014
James C. Cooper and William E. Kovacic
George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 158 (208,963)

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Adam Smith, BRIC, Brazil, cartel, China, code, collaboration, containment, DOJ, Department Justice, ETR, economic, FDA, FTC, Federal Trade Commission, Hatch-Waxman Act, immunity, India, Joe, Joseph Brodley, nations, Noerr-Pennington, register, regulations, Russia, theory, Timothy Muris, wealth

25.

Consume or Invest: What Do/Should Agency Leaders Maximize?

Washington Law Review, Forthcoming, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2015-60, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-60, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-11
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 20 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2016
William E. Kovacic and David A. Hyman
George Washington University - Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 150 (218,250)

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antitrust, administrative law, agency design

26.

Risky Business: Should the FDA Pay Attention to Pharmaceutical Prices?

GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2017-37, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-37
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 May 2017 Last Revised: 14 Jun 2017
David A. Hyman and William E. Kovacic
Georgetown University Law Center and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 141 (229,312)
Citation 1

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FDA, drug pricing, drug quality, drug safety, generic drugs

27.

Lifecycles of Competition Systems: Explaining Variation in the Implementation of New Regimes

Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 79, No. 85-122, 2016, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2017-15
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 17 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2017
Marianela López-Galdos and William E. Kovacic
George Washington University - Competition Law Center and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 130 (244,533)

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Competition Systems, Lifecycles, Economic Regulation

28.

Competition Policy, Trade and the Global Economy: Existing WTO Elements, Commitments in Regional Trade Agreements, Current Challenges and Issues for Reflection

Staff Working Paper ERSD-2018-12
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 07 Feb 2019
University of Nottingham (UK), George Washington University - Law School, World Trade Organization (WTO) and World Trade Organization (WTO)
Downloads 112 (272,996)
Citation 2

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Competition Policy, Anti-Competitive Practices, International Trade Policy, WTO Agreements, Regional Trade Agreements, State-Owned Enterprises, Competitive Neutrality, Digital Economy

29.

Symposium: Success and Limits of Competition Law and Policy in Developing Countries

Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 79, No. 4, 2016, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 252 Posted: 12 Jan 2018
Technische Universität München (TUM) - School of Governance - Hochschule für Politik, Instituto de Ciencia Política, Pontifica Universidad Católica de Chile, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Nathan Associates, New York University School of Law, Facultad de Derecho - Universidad de Chile, George Washington University - Competition Law Center, George Washington University - Law School, European University Institute - Department of Law (LAW), University of Lucerne and Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law
Downloads 109 (278,213)

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antitrust, competition law, competition policy, developing countries

30.

Can't Anyone Here Play this Game? Judging the FTC's Critics

George Washington Law Review, Vol. 83, 2015, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2015-58, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-58, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-10, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2016-22
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 26 May 2016
David A. Hyman and William E. Kovacic
Georgetown University Law Center and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 106 (283,640)

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FTC, agency design, reform, administrative law, antitrust

31.

Fighting Supplier Collusion in Public Procurement: Some Proposals for Strengthening Competition Law Enforcement

Competition Policy International, Antitrust Chronicle, April 2019, King's College London Law School Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 10 Jun 2019
Alison Jones and William E. Kovacic
King's College London – The Dickson Poon School of Law and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 101 (293,219)

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Cartels, Bid Rigging, Public Procurement, Leniency, Screening Tools, Penalties, Fines, Debarment, Damages Actions

32.

Cartels as Two-Stage Mechanisms: Implications for the Analysis of Dominant-Firm Conduct

Chicago Journal of International Law, Vol. 10, p. 213, 2009, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 592, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 592
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 09 Nov 2011
Randal Heeb, William E. Kovacic, Robert C. Marshall and Leslie M. Marx
Bates White, LLC, George Washington University - Law School, Pennsylvania State University, College of the Liberal Arts - Department of Economic and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Economics Group
Downloads 99 (297,074)
Citation 1

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Dominant Firms, Cartels, Monopolization, Anticompetitive behavior, Antitrust, Enforcement Policy, Five Forces

33.

Antitrust's Implementation Blind Side: Challenges to Major Expansion of U.S. Competition Policy

(2020) Antitrust Bulletin Forthcoming
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 10 Mar 2020
Alison Jones and William E. Kovacic
King's College London – The Dickson Poon School of Law and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 92 (311,406)

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the objectives of antitrust law; consumer welfare; citizen welfare; antitrust reform proposals; implementation obstacles; public antitrust enforcement

34.

Outpost Years for a Start-Up Agency: The FTC from 1921-1925

Antitrust Law Journal , Vol. 77, No. 1, 2010, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-23, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2012-23
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 11 Mar 2012
Marc Winerman and William E. Kovacic
Independent and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 72 (360,315)

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Federal Trade Commission, Competition, Competition policy, Competition Systems, Early Challenges, Priority Setting, New Agency Development

35.

The Digital Broadband Migration and the Federal Trade Commission: Building the Competition and Consumer Protection Agency of the Future

Journal of Telecommunications and High Technology Law, Vol. 8, 2010, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-22, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2012-22
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 11 Mar 2012
William E. Kovacic
George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 72 (360,315)

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Federal Trade Commission, Competition Policy, Consumer Protection, Internet, Internet Policy, Institutional Infrastructure, Agency Investment, Institutional Multiplicity

36.

The Continuing Pursuit of Better Practices

Federal Trade Commission at 100: Into Our 2nd Century, The Continuing Pursuit of Better Practices, 2009, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 596, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 596
Number of pages: 230 Posted: 04 Dec 2011
William E. Kovacic
George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 70 (365,844)

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Federal Trade Commission, Consumer Protection, Consumer Welfare, Competition Policy

37.

The Lifecycles of Competition Systems: Observations on the Evolutionary Paths

Competition Policy International 2016 (1), King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2016-33
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 15 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 28 Aug 2016
Marianela López-Galdos and William E. Kovacic
George Washington University - Competition Law Center and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 65 (380,358)

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38.

Competition Policy Retrospective: the Formation of the United Launch Alliance and the Ascent of SpaceX

GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2020-47, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2020-47
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 10 Aug 2020
William E. Kovacic
George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 56 (409,680)

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Aerospace, antitrust, innovation, mergers, public procurement

39.

Risky Business: Should the FDA Pay Attention to Drug Prices?

Regulation, Vol. 40, No. 4, Winter 2017-2018, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2018-09, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2018-28, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-28
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 28 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 10 May 2018
David A. Hyman and William E. Kovacic
Georgetown University Law Center and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 40 (471,070)

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Food and Drug Administration, FDA, drug prices, drug safety, FDA approvals, Unapproved Drugs Initiative

40.

The Institutions of U.S. Antitrust Enforcement: Comments for the U.S. House Judiciary Committee on Possible Competition Policy Reforms

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 29 Jun 2020
Alison Jones and William E. Kovacic
King's College London – The Dickson Poon School of Law and George Washington University - Law School
Downloads 35 (493,569)

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Competition in the digital market place; House Judiciary Committee; Antitrust law; Institutional structures of antitrust enforcement