Timothy Sandefur

Goldwater Institute

Vice President for Litigation

500 E. Coronado Rd.

Phoenix, AZ 85004

United States

http://www.goldwaterinstitute.org

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

57

DOWNLOADS
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13,922

SSRN CITATIONS
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7

CROSSREF CITATIONS

26

Scholarly Papers (57)

1.

In Defense of Plea Bargaining

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 02 Mar 2004
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 2,202 (9,627)

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Plea bargaining, fifth amendment, sixth amendment, constitutional law, plea bargain, criminal law, right to trial

2.

Reason and Common Ground: A Response to the Creationists' 'Neutrality' Argument

Chapman Law Review, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 01 Feb 2008
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 1,284 (22,405)

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evolution, creationism, education, stephen w. trask, methodological naturalism, science

3.

How Libertarians Ought to Think About the U.S. Civil War

Reason Papers, Vol. 28, pp. 61-83, 2006
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 01 Oct 2006
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 875 (38,896)

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Civil war, secession, libertarianism, slavery, paleo-conservatism, sovereignty, state's rights

4.

A Critique of Ayn Rand's Theory of Intellectual Property Rights

Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 139-161, Fall 2007
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 08 Apr 2008
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 789 (44,708)

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Ayn Rand, Objectivism, copyright, natural right copyright, patent, labor theory natural copyright, Adam Mossoff, Eric Daniels

5.

The 'Backlash' so Far: Will Americans Get Meaningful Eminent Domain Reform?

Michigan State Law Review, 2006
Number of pages: 111 Posted: 12 Dec 2005
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 645 (58,268)
Citation 1

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eminent domain, kelo, public use, redevelopment

6.

Privileges, Immunities, and Substantive Due Process

NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol. 5, No. 1
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 02 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 14 Jun 2010
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 590 (65,269)
Citation 1

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Slaughterhouse Cases, Slaughter-House Cases, Slaughter House Cases, McDonald v. Chicago, privileges or immunities, privileges and immunities, sovereignty, federalism, fundamental rights, liberal originalism

7.

In Defense of Substantive Due Process, or, The Promise of Lawful Rule

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 284-326, 2012
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 13 May 2011 Last Revised: 12 Jan 2012
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 559 (69,865)
Citation 1

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substantive due process, due process of law, constitution, formalism, positivism, natural law

8.

Some Problems with Spontaneous Order

The Independent Review, Vol. 14, No.1, Summer 2009
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 27 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 469 (86,656)
Citation 1

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F.A. Hayek, spontaneous order, constructed order, rationalism, Burke, conservatism, libertarianism

9.

Liberal Originalism: A Past for the Future

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 28 Jan 2005
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 463 (88,063)

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Liberal originalism, Scott Douglas Gerber, Declaration of Independence, Locke, Jefferson, natural rights, natural law, classical liberalism, Robert Bork, Harry Jaffa

10.
Downloads 351 (120,837)
Citation 1

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Condemnation, Public Use Clause, eminent domain

11.

The Wolves and the Sheep of Constitutional Law: A Review Essay on Kermit Roosevelt's - the Myth of Judicial Activism

Program for Judicial Awareness Working Paper No. 06-004
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 29 Dec 2006 Last Revised: 05 Mar 2008
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 320 (133,363)
Citation 1

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judiciary, judicial acivism, constitution, jurisprudence

12.

A Gleeful Obituary for Poletown Neighborhood Council V. Detroit

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 28 Jan 2005
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 293 (146,255)

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poletown, wayne county v. hathcock, eminent domain, public use, condemnation, takings, general motors, kelo

13.

So It's a Tax, Now What? Some of the Problems Remaining after NFIB v. Sebelius

Texas Review of Law & Politics, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 203-237, 2013
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 22 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2013
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 262 (163,840)
Citation 1

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PPACA, ACA, individual mandate, NFIB v. Sebelius, tax power, origination clause, direct tax, Obamacare

14.

The Timing of Facial Challenges

Program for Judicial Awareness Working Paper No. 08-016, Akron Law Review, Vol. 43, p. 51, 2010
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 07 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 23 May 2015
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 254 (168,941)

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facial challenge, as-applied challenge, statute of limitations, ripeness, time barred

15.

Rational Basis and the 12(b)(6) Motion: An Unnecessary 'Perplexity'

George Mason University Civil Rights Law Journal (CRLJ), Vol. 25, pp. 43-83, 2014
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 07 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2014
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 223 (191,317)
Citation 2

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rational basis, 12(b)(6), rational relationship, motion to dismiss

16.

Public Use: Returning to the Sources

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 28 Jan 2005
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 223 (191,317)

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eminent domain, public use, kelo v. new london, poletown, wayne county v. hathcock, legitimate state interests, california constitutional convention

17.

Clarence Thomas's Jurisprudence Unexplained

NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 23 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 27 Sep 2008
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 215 (198,030)

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Clarence Thomas, Henry Mark Holzer, libertarianism, liberal originalism, natural rights

18.

Nice Questions Unanswered: Grokster, Sony's Staple Article of Commerce Doctrine, and the Deferred Verdict on Internet File Sharing

Cato Supreme Court Review, p. 235, 2004-05
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Dec 2006
David G. Post, Annemarie Bridy and Timothy Sandefur
Independent, Google and Goldwater Institute
Downloads 197 (214,624)

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internet, peer-to-peer filesharing, copyright, intermediary liability

19.

Is Economic Exclusion a Legitimate State Interest? Four Recent Cases Test the Boundaries

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 04 Sep 2005
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 179 (233,259)
Citation 1

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Economic protectionism, right to earn a living, Fourteenth Amendment, Due Process Clause, Equal Protection Clause, Powers v. Harris, Sagana v. Tenorio, legitimate state interest

20.

Mine & Thine Distinct: What Kelo Says About Our Path

Chapman Law Review, Vol. 9, 2006
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 10 May 2006
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 178 (234,438)

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eminent domain, kelo, property rights

21.

The Federalism Problems with the Indian Child Welfare Act

Texas Review of Law & Politics, Forthcoming 2022
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 28 May 2021 Last Revised: 10 Jul 2022
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 176 (236,713)

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ICWA, Indian Child Welfare Act, Brackeen, federalism, Native American children, non-delegation, commandeering

22.

Don't Mess with Property Rights in Texas: How the State Constitution Protects Property Owners in the Wake of Kelo

Real Property, Probate and Trust Journal, Vol. 41, p. 43, Summer 2006
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 24 Sep 2006
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 176 (236,713)

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Kelo, eminent domain, property rights, public use

23.

Escaping the ICWA Penalty Box: In Defense of Equal Protection for Indian Children

Children's Legal Rights Journal, Vol. 37(1) (2017), pp. 6-80
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 17 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2017
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 159 (257,918)

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ICWA, Indian Child Welfare Act, Foster Care, Adoption, Interracial, Existing Indian Family Doctrine, EIFD, EIF, Baby Veronica

24.

Justice Stephen Field: Frontier Justice or Justice at the Natural Rights Frontier?

Nexus: A Journal of Opinion, Vol. 6, pp. 121-131, 2001
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 21 Aug 2006
John C. Eastman and Timothy Sandefur
Claremont Institute Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence and Goldwater Institute
Downloads 159 (257,918)
Citation 1

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Stephen Field, Slaughterhouse, Natural Law, Constitution, Supreme Court, California History

25.

State Standing to Challenge Ultra Vires Federal Action: The Health Care Cases and Beyond

University of Florida Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 23, pp. 311-344 (2013)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 12 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 07 Apr 2013
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 155 (263,295)

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26.

Freedom and the Burden of Proof: Randy Barnett's New Book on the Constitution

Independent Review, Vol. 10, p. 139, 2005
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 28 Jul 2005
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 154 (264,628)

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Randy E. Barnett, Barnett, Restoring The Lost Constitution, sovereignty, Blackstone, limited government, substantive due process, Calder, Sharpless, Billings

27.

The Unconstitutionality of the Indian Child Welfare Act

Texas Review of Law & Politics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 17 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2022
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 138 (288,644)

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ICWA, Indian, child welfare, child abuse, Brackeen

28.

Love and Solipsism: Law and Arbitrary Rule in Aeschylus, Shakespeare, Sophocles, and Anouilh

Alabama Law Review, vol. 64, no. 5, pp. 981-1011
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 26 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2013
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 132 (298,636)

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law and literature, rule of law, Shakespeare, Aeschylus, Anouilh, Oresteia, Antigone, ordered liberty

29.

Lex Terrae 800 Years on

NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, vol. 9 (2015), pp. 610-653.
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 13 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2015
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 131 (300,335)

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Magna Carta, positivism, natural law, natural rights

30.

Rebuilding the Fourteenth Amendment: The Prospects and the Pitfalls

Number of pages: 55 Posted: 15 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2019
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 130 (302,141)

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Libertarian, Fourteenth Amendment, Lochner, Kelo, eminent domain, economic liberty, substantive due process, privileges or immunities, free speech

31.

A Public Convenience and Necessity and Other Conspiracies Against Trade: A Case Study from the Missouri Moving Industry

George Mason University Civil Rights Law Journal (CRLJ), Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 159-204 (2014)
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 05 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2014
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 130 (302,141)

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32.

Can You Get There from Here?: How the Law Still Threatens King's Dream

Law & Equality, Vol. 22, 2004
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 18 Jan 2005
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 129 (303,903)

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Segregation, bus boycott, economic regulation, civil rights

33.

The Senate is Supposed to Advise and Consent, Not Obstruct and Delay

Nexus: A Journal of Opinion, Vol. 7, No. 11, 2002
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Aug 2006
John C. Eastman and Timothy Sandefur
Claremont Institute Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence and Goldwater Institute
Downloads 123 (314,824)

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Judicial Confirmations, Constitution, Filibuster, Appointment Power

34.

Does the State Create the Market - And Should it Pursue Efficiency?

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 33, No. 2, 2010
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 06 May 2010 Last Revised: 08 May 2010
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 106 (349,116)

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efficiency, markets, natural rights, Sunstein, Tribe, state of nature

35.
Downloads 104 (353,584)
Citation 1

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Kelo, eminent domain, California, redevelopment, takings, Sandefur

36.

Hercules and Narragansett Among the Originalists: Examining Tara Smith's Judicial Review in an Objective Legal System

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 06 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 31 Jan 2017
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 101 (360,452)

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judicial review, objectivity, originalism, original meaning, original intent

37.

Charles V. Stuart: A Solitary Voice at California's Constitutional Convention

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 06 Feb 2008
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 101 (360,452)

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California Constitutional Convention, Chinese-Americans, Charles V. Stuart

38.

A Private Little Bush V. Gore, or, How Nevada Violated the Republican Guarantee and Got Away with it

Texas Journal of Law & Politics, Vol. 9, No. 105, 2004
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 08 Apr 2005
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 99 (365,223)

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Republican Guarantee Clause, Guinn, state budget

39.

Measure 37: Paying People for What We Take

Environmental Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Jan 2006 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2008
University of Washington - Seattle University School of Law, Goldwater Institute and Pacific Legal Foundation
Downloads 95 (374,735)

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land use, property rights, takings, Measure 37, decreased property values

40.

Insiders, Outsiders and the American Dream: How Certificates of Necessity Harm Our Society’s Values

Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy, Vol. 26, pp. 381-426 (2012).
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 31 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 18 May 2012
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 90 (387,640)

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occupational licensing, certificate of necessity, certificate of need, public convenience and necessity, public choice, entrepreneurialism, bourgeois values, economic liberty, Lochner, New State Ice v. Liebmann

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economic liberty, minorities, overregulation, right to earn a living, rational basis

42.

Challenging the Dogma of Deference: A Review of Terms of Engagement by Clark M. Neily III

Texas Review of Law & Politics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 06 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2014
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 78 (421,871)

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Judicial Restraint, Judicial Activism, Rational Basis Review, Lochner, Clark Neily, Judicial Review

43.

Equality of Opportunity in the Regulatory Age: Why Yesterday's Rationality Review Isn't Enough

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 28 Jan 2005
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 78 (421,871)

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rational basis, economic liberty, craigmiles v. giles, powers v. harris, lochner, brown v. barry, economic freedom, slaughterhouse cases

44.

Recent Developments in Indian Child Welfare Act Litigation: Moving Towards Equal Protection?

Texas Review of Law & Politics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 24 Nov 2018
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 74 (434,417)

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ICWA, Indian Child Welfare Act, Native American, Indian, Mancari, Equal Protection

45.

The Arizona "Private Affairs" Clause

51 Arizona State Law Journal 723 (2019)
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 22 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2019
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 74 (434,417)

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State Constitutions, Arizona Constitution, Washington Constitution, Private Affairs, Search and Seizure, Warrant, Independent State Constitutionalism

46.

Protecting Private Property Rights: The Property Ownership Fairness Act

Goldwater Institute Policy Paper, 2016
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 09 Feb 2017
Christina Sandefur and Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute and Goldwater Institute
Downloads 56 (499,418)

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property rights, Proposition 207, Prop 207, Arizona, regulatory takings, eminent domain, blight, just compensation, Kelo v. New London

47.

State 'Competitor's Veto' Laws and the Right to Earn a Living: Some Paths to Federal Reform

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 38, pp. 1009-1072, 2015
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 03 Jun 2015
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 48 (533,985)

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48.
Downloads 48 (533,985)
Citation 2

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Certificate of Public Convenience And Necessity, occupational licensing, CON law, Certificate of Need, right to earn a living, economic liberty

49.

A Private Auction of Opportunities

Regulation, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 52-56, Spring 2006
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 26 Apr 2006
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 38 (583,502)

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State industries, interstate competition, rule of law, monopolies, protectionism, wealth of nations, rent-seeking, free market

50.

Protecting the Right to Remain Silent in the Workplace

Regulation, p. 10, Winter 2012-2013
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 11 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2013
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 32 (617,875)

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Knox v. Service Employees International Union, Knox v. SEIU, U.S. Supreme Court case, unions political contributions, union dues, constitutional law

51.

Compliance - Or Else: The EPA’s Compliance Order Regime Creates a Hobson’s Choice

Regulation, Vol. 34, No. 4, p. 8, Winter 2011-2012
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 09 Jan 2012
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 32 (617,875)

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52.

Suffer the Little Children

Regulation, Vol. 40, No. 4, Winter 2017-2018
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 28 Mar 2018
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 30 (630,404)

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Indian Child Welfare Act, ICWA, child welfare

53.

CON Job

Regulation, p. 42, Summer 2011
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 05 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2011
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 29 (636,803)

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54.

Testimony to the Nevada Senate Transportation Committee Regarding S.B. 190

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 14 Apr 2013
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 24 (671,882)

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CON, CPCN, certificate of need, certificate of public convenience and necessity

55.

Freedom of Competition and the Rhetoric of Federalism: North Carolina Board of Dental Examiners v. FTC

2014-2015 Cato Supreme Court Review pp. 195-225
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 10 Sep 2015
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 19 (710,621)

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North Carolina Board of Dental Examiners v. FTC, Parker immunity, antitrust, state action, active supervision, clear articulation

56.

The Arizona Gift Clause

Number of pages: 123 Posted: 30 Jul 2022 Last Revised: 02 Aug 2022
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 16 (735,394)

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Arizona Constitution, Gift Clause, Anti-Gift Clause, Anti-Aid Provisions, Anti-Subsidy, subsidy

57.

State "Competitor Veto" Laws and the Right to Earn a Living: Some Paths to Federal Reform

MERCATUS WORKING PAPER
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 07 Jun 2018
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 9 (800,608)
Citation 1

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Other Papers (2)

Total Downloads: 261
1.

Jacob Bronowski Bibliography of Publications

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 14 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2012
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 143

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J. Bronowski

2.

Frederick Douglass's Philosophy of the Self-Made Man

Presented at TOS-Con, Richmond, VA, Aug. 17, 2018.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 28 Aug 2018
Timothy Sandefur
Goldwater Institute
Downloads 118

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Frederick Douglass, Self-Made Men