Brant Liddle

Energy Studies Institute, NUS

Senior Research Fellow

29 Heng Mui Keng Terrace

Singapore

Malaysia

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

34

DOWNLOADS
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2,541

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 11,803

in Total Papers Citations

5

CROSSREF CITATIONS

72

Scholarly Papers (34)

1.

The Energy, Economic Growth, Urbanization Nexus across Development: Evidence from Heterogeneous Panel Estimates Robust to Cross-Sectional Dependence

The Energy Journal, 34(2), 223-244, Forthcoming, 11th IAEE European Conference, Vilnius, Lithuania, August 26, 2010
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 11 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 296 (103,093)

Abstract:

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energy/electricity consumption and economic growth, panel cointegration, cross-section dependence, urbanization and economic growth, environment and development

2.

The Long-Run Causal Relationship between Transport Energy Consumption and GDP: Evidence from Heterogeneous Panel Methods Robust to Cross-Sectional Dependence

Economics Letters, (2013) Vol. 121, pp. 524-527
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 09 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2014
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 266 (115,508)

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Transport energy consumption, Panel Granger causality, Cross-sectional dependence, Heterogeneous panels, Developed and developing countries

3.

Energy Consumption and GDP Causality: New Evidence from Disaggregated Data and Panel Long-Run Causality Tests of Developed and Developing Countries

35th IAEE International Conference, Perth, Australia, 26 June 2012, Final version of this paper published in Applied Energy (2015) Vol. 142, pp.44-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.12.036 , USAEE Working Paper No. 13-122.
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 01 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 228 (135,051)

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energy consumption, economic growth, panel causality

4.

What Are the Carbon Emissions Elasticities for Income and Population? New Evidence From Heterogeneous Panel Estimates Robust to Stationarity and Cross-Sectional Dependence

USAEE Working Paper No. 12-135 Final version published in Global Environmental Change (2015) Vol. 31, pp. 62-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.10.016
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 16 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 16 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 194 (157,437)
Citation 2

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STIRPAT model, population and environment, IPAT, CO2 emissions, panel unit roots, cross-sectional dependence, carbon Kuznets curves, Kaya identity

5.

Impact of Population, Age Structure, and Urbanization on Carbon Emissions/Energy Consumption: Evidence from Macro-Level, Cross-Country Analyses

Population and Environment, (2014) Vol. 35, pp. 286-304. DOI: 10.1007/s11111-013-0198-4
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 14 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 157 (189,558)
Citation 1

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STIRPAT, IPAT, urbanization and energy/carbon emissions, age structure and environment, cross-country analyses

6.

Consumption-Driven Environmental Impact and Age Structure Change in OECD Countries: A Cointegration-STIRPAT Analysis

Demographic Research, Volume 24, Article 30, pp. 749-770, published 27 May 2011
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 140 (208,295)

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7.

Might Electricity Consumption Cause Urbanization Instead? Evidence from Heterogeneous Panel Long-Run Causality Tests.

Global Environ. Change (2014), Vol 24, pp. 42-51, doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.11.013, USAEE Working Paper No. 13-118
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 23 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 105 (258,348)

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urbanization and electricity, long-run panel Granger-causality, panel unit roots, cross-sectional dependence, panel heterogeneity

8.

Energy Efficiency in the Manufacturing Sector of the OECD: Comparative Analysis of Price Elasticities in the Intensive and Extensive Sectors

USAEE Working Paper No. 15-207
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 21 Apr 2015
Steven Parker and Brant Liddle
Victoria University - Victoria University of Technology and Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 89 (287,993)

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industrial energy efficiency, index number decomposition, time series panel data

9.

Revisiting Carbon Kuznets Curves with Endogenous Breaks Modeling: Evidence of Decoupling and Saturation (But Few Inverted-Us) for Individual OECD Countries

United States Association for Energy Economics - USAEE Research Paper No. 14-178
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2014
Brant Liddle and George Messinis
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - Victoria Institute of Strategic Economic Studies
Downloads 82 (303,036)
Citation 2

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CO2 emissions; Environmental Kuznets curve; OECD countries; nonlinear flexible form; multiple endogenous breaks; income-emissions elasticities

10.

What Are the Carbon Emissions Elasticities for Income and Population? Bridging STIRPAT and EKC via Robust Heterogeneous Panel Estimates

Global Environmental Change, Vol. 31, pp. 62-73, 2015
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 15 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 79 (309,685)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Carbon Kuznets Curves, Kaya identity, population and environment, nonstationary panels, cross sectional dependence, nonlinearities in environment and development

11.

Which Comes First — Urbanization or Economic Growth? Evidence from Heterogeneous Panel Causality Tests

Applied Economics Letters, 2015 Vol. 22 (5), pp. 349-355.
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 13 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle and George Messinis
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - Victoria Institute of Strategic Economic Studies
Downloads 73 (324,248)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Heterogeneous panel causality, Economic growth, Urbanization

12.

The Political Economy of OECD Gasoline Taxes: Evidence from Pair-Wise, Panel Long-Run Causality Tests

Final version published in Transportation Research A: Policy and Practice (2015) Vol. 73, pp. 31-38. DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2014.12.009, USAEE Working Paper No. 13-123.
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 01 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2015
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 73 (324,248)

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determinants of OECD gasoline taxes, gasoline tax/price endogeneity, long-run panel Granger-causality, cross-sectional dependence, panel heterogeneity

13.

How Much Does Increasing the Share of Non-Fossil Fuels in Electricity Generation Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions?

Final version published in Applied Energy (2017) Vol. 107, pp. 212-221, DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.04.025, USAEE Working Paper No. 15-215
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 11 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 23 Sep 2017
Brant Liddle and Perry Sadorsky
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and York University - Schulich School of Business
Downloads 72 (326,663)

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Carbon dioxide emissions; fossil-fuel displacement; renewable electricity; timeseries, cross-section methods

14.

Consumption-Based Accounting and the Trade-Carbon Emissions Nexus

USAEE Working Paper
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 Mar 2017
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 63 (350,708)

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Consumption-based carbon emissions, international trade, trade and environment, cross-sectionally dependent panels, net global carbon flows.

15.

Population, Affluence, and Environmental Impact Across Development: Evidence from Panel Cointegration Modeling

Environmental Modelling & Software, 40 (2013), 255-266
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 54 (378,119)

Abstract:

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STIRPAT, population and environment, FMOLS panel cointegration, environment and development, IPAT, GHG emissions, Environmental/Carbon Kuznets Curve

16.

Revisiting Energy Consumption and GDP Causality: Importance of a Priori Hypothesis Testing, Disaggregated Data, and Heterogeneous Panels

Applied Energy (2015) Vol. 142, pp. 44-55
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 13 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 52 (384,564)

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Energy consumption, Economic growth, Panel Granger causality, Heterogeneous panels, Developed and developing countries, Cross-sectional dependence

17.

Urban Transport Pollution: Revisiting the Environmental Kuznets Curve

International Journal for Sustainable Transportation (2015) Vol. 9, pp. 502-508. DOI: 10.1080/15568318.2013.814077.
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 27 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 47 (401,552)

Abstract:

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transport and urban environment, environmental Kuznets curve, city-based data, urban density

18.

Age-Structure, Urbanization, and Climate Change in Developed Countries: Revisiting STIRPAT for Disaggregated Population and Consumption-Related Environmental Impacts

Population and Environment, (2010) Vol. 31, No. 5, pp. 317-343.
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 30 Oct 2014
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 46 (405,190)
Citation 1

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STIRPAT, population structural change and environment, carbon dioxide emissions, demography and climate change, panel data

19.

Revisiting Sulfur Kuznets Curves with Endogenous Breaks Modeling: Substantial Evidence of Inverted-Us/Vs for Individual OECD Countries

Final version published in Economic Modelling (2015) Vol. 49, pp. 278-285, DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2015.04.012, USAEE Working Paper No. 14-179
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 24 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2015
Brant Liddle and George Messinis
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - Victoria Institute of Strategic Economic Studies
Downloads 45 (408,713)
Citation 1

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Sulfur emissions; Environmental Kuznets curve; OECD countries; nonlinear flexible form; multiple endogenous breaks; income-emission relationships

20.

Revisiting the Income Elasticity of Energy Consumption: A Heterogeneous, Common Factor, Dynamic OECD & non-OECD Country Panel Analysis

USAEE Research Paper Series No. 18-376
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 28 Dec 2018
Brant Liddle and Hillard Huntington
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Stanford University - Energy Modeling Forum
Downloads 39 (431,703)
Citation 3

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economic development, economic growth, energy use, energy intensity, energy prices, common factor panel models, elasticity estimates, dynamic models

21.

The Systemic, Long-Run Relation among Gasoline Demand, Gasoline Price, Income, and Vehicle Ownership in OECD Countries: Evidence from Panel Cointegration and Causality Modeling

Transportation Research Part D, Vol. 17 (2012), 327-331
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 19 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 39 (431,703)

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22.

OECD Energy Intensity: Measures, Trends, and Convergence

Energy Efficiency, 5 (2012), 583-597
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Oct 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 37 (439,897)

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energy intensity, convergence, intra-distribution dynamics, energy quality index, OECD countries

23.

Urban Density and Climate Change: A STIRPAT Analysis Using City-Level Data

Journal of Transport Geography, 28 (2013), 22-29
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 32 (461,469)

Abstract:

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urban density, STIRPAT, transport energy demand, city-based data

24.

Warming and GDP Growth in the United States: A Heterogeneous, Common Factor Dynamic Panel Analysis

USAEE Working Paper No. 17-316
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 08 Aug 2017
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 28 (486,177)

Abstract:

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Climate Change, Economic Growth, Agriculture, Common Factor Panel Models

25.

Revisiting World Energy Intensity Convergence for Regional Differences

Applied Energy, 87 (2010), 3218-3225
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Oct 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 28 (480,945)

Abstract:

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energy intensity, convergence, intra-distribution dynamics

26.

Leap-Frogging and Energy Consumption: A Country Panel Analysis

USAEE Working Paper No. 19-381
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 10 Jan 2019
Brant Liddle and Hillard Huntington
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Stanford University - Energy Modeling Forum
Downloads 26 (491,566)

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economic development, developing countries, technology transfer, energy use, energy intensity, leapfrogging

27.

Breaks and Trends in OECD Countries’ Energy-GDP Ratios

Energy Policy, 45 (2012), 502-509
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 26 (491,566)

Abstract:

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energy intensity, endogenous structural breaks, oil crises

28.

Electricity Intensity Convergence in IEA/OECD Countries: Aggregate and Sectoral Analysis

Energy Policy, 37 (2009), 1470-1478
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 25 Oct 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 25 (497,074)

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Electricity intensity, Sigma- and Gamma-convergence, IEA/OECD countries

29.

Time-Varying Income and Price Elasticities for Energy Demand: Evidence from a Middle-Income (Primarily Non-OECD) Panel

USAEE Working Paper No. 19-413
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Jun 2019
Brant Liddle, Russell Smyth and Xibin Zhang
Energy Studies Institute, NUS, Monash University - Department of Economics and Monash University
Downloads 19 (531,967)

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income elasticity, price elasticity, nonparametric panel data model, time-varying

30.

The Importance of Energy Quality in Energy Intensive Manufacturing: Evidence from Panel Cointegration and Panel FMOLS

Energy Economics, Vol. 34, 2012, pp. 1819-1825.
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 11 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 19 (531,967)

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energy intensive manufacturing, Panel cointegration and Panel FMOLS, energy quality index, disaggregated energy consumption, elasticity estimation

31.

Long-Run Relationship among Transport Demand, Income, and Gasoline Price for the US

Transportation Research Part D, Vol. 14 (2009), 73-82
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 18 (537,809)

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32.

The Endogeneity of OECD Gasoline Taxes: Evidence from Pair-Wise, Heterogeneous Panel Long-Run Causality Tests

Transportation Research A: Policy and Practice, Vol. 73, pp. 31-38, 2015, DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2014.12.009
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 31 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 16 (549,564)

Abstract:

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determinants of OECD gasoline taxes, gasoline tax/price endogeneity, long-run panel Granger-causality, cross-sectional dependence, panel heterogeneity

33.

Long-Run Projections of Environmental Impact in the OECD: The Importance of Uncertainty and Age Structure

International Journal of Global Environmental Issues (2011), Vol. 11, Nos 3/4, pp. 200-217
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 15 (555,519)

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STIRPAT, stochastic impacts by regression on population, affluence, and technology, demography and environmental impact, age structure and environment, population and sustainable development, IPAT, impact equals population times affluence times technology, greenhouse gas emissions projections

34.

Demographic Influences on Economic Resiliency: Revisiting the Developing Country Growth Collapse of the 1970's and 1980’s.

Journal of International Development (2011), Vol. 23, pp. 476-492.
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 13 (567,878)

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instability of economic growth, population growth, demographic transition, developing countries