Brant Liddle

Energy Studies Institute, NUS

Senior Research Fellow

29 Heng Mui Keng Terrace

Singapore

Malaysia

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

39

DOWNLOADS
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Top 19,101

in Total Papers Downloads

2,996

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 12,465

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 12,465

in Total Papers Citations

21

CROSSREF CITATIONS

72

Scholarly Papers (39)

1.

The Energy, Economic Growth, Urbanization Nexus across Development: Evidence from Heterogeneous Panel Estimates Robust to Cross-Sectional Dependence

The Energy Journal, 34(2), 223-244, Forthcoming, 11th IAEE European Conference, Vilnius, Lithuania, August 26, 2010
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 11 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 316 (112,142)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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energy/electricity consumption and economic growth, panel cointegration, cross-section dependence, urbanization and economic growth, environment and development

2.

The Long-Run Causal Relationship between Transport Energy Consumption and GDP: Evidence from Heterogeneous Panel Methods Robust to Cross-Sectional Dependence

Economics Letters, (2013) Vol. 121, pp. 524-527
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 09 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2014
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 301 (118,210)

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Transport energy consumption, Panel Granger causality, Cross-sectional dependence, Heterogeneous panels, Developed and developing countries

3.

Energy Consumption and GDP Causality: New Evidence from Disaggregated Data and Panel Long-Run Causality Tests of Developed and Developing Countries

35th IAEE International Conference, Perth, Australia, 26 June 2012, Final version of this paper published in Applied Energy (2015) Vol. 142, pp.44-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.12.036 , USAEE Working Paper No. 13-122.
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 01 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 231 (154,609)

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energy consumption, economic growth, panel causality

4.

What Are the Carbon Emissions Elasticities for Income and Population? New Evidence From Heterogeneous Panel Estimates Robust to Stationarity and Cross-Sectional Dependence

USAEE Working Paper No. 12-135 Final version published in Global Environmental Change (2015) Vol. 31, pp. 62-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.10.016
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 16 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 16 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 212 (167,721)
Citation 2

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STIRPAT model, population and environment, IPAT, CO2 emissions, panel unit roots, cross-sectional dependence, carbon Kuznets curves, Kaya identity

5.

Impact of Population, Age Structure, and Urbanization on Carbon Emissions/Energy Consumption: Evidence from Macro-Level, Cross-Country Analyses

Population and Environment, (2014) Vol. 35, pp. 286-304. DOI: 10.1007/s11111-013-0198-4
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 14 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 170 (204,714)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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STIRPAT, IPAT, urbanization and energy/carbon emissions, age structure and environment, cross-country analyses

6.

Consumption-Driven Environmental Impact and Age Structure Change in OECD Countries: A Cointegration-STIRPAT Analysis

Demographic Research, Volume 24, Article 30, pp. 749-770, published 27 May 2011
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 141 (239,027)

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7.

Revisiting the Income Elasticity of Energy Consumption: A Heterogeneous, Common Factor, Dynamic OECD & non-OECD Country Panel Analysis

USAEE Research Paper Series No. 18-376
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 28 Dec 2018
Brant Liddle and Hillard Huntington
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Stanford University - Energy Modeling Forum
Downloads 115 (278,853)
Citation 6

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economic development, economic growth, energy use, energy intensity, energy prices, common factor panel models, elasticity estimates, dynamic models

8.

Might Electricity Consumption Cause Urbanization Instead? Evidence from Heterogeneous Panel Long-Run Causality Tests.

Global Environ. Change (2014), Vol 24, pp. 42-51, doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.11.013, USAEE Working Paper No. 13-118
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 23 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 111 (285,858)

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urbanization and electricity, long-run panel Granger-causality, panel unit roots, cross-sectional dependence, panel heterogeneity

9.

What Are the Carbon Emissions Elasticities for Income and Population? Bridging STIRPAT and EKC via Robust Heterogeneous Panel Estimates

Global Environmental Change, Vol. 31, pp. 62-73, 2015
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 15 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 93 (321,739)
Citation 4

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Carbon Kuznets Curves, Kaya identity, population and environment, nonstationary panels, cross sectional dependence, nonlinearities in environment and development

10.

Energy Efficiency in the Manufacturing Sector of the OECD: Comparative Analysis of Price Elasticities in the Intensive and Extensive Sectors

USAEE Working Paper No. 15-207
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 21 Apr 2015
Steven Parker and Brant Liddle
Victoria University - Victoria University of Technology and Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 90 (328,514)

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industrial energy efficiency, index number decomposition, time series panel data

11.

Revisiting Carbon Kuznets Curves with Endogenous Breaks Modeling: Evidence of Decoupling and Saturation (But Few Inverted-Us) for Individual OECD Countries

United States Association for Energy Economics - USAEE Research Paper No. 14-178
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2014
Brant Liddle and George Messinis
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - Victoria Institute of Strategic Economic Studies
Downloads 88 (333,210)
Citation 3

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CO2 emissions; Environmental Kuznets curve; OECD countries; nonlinear flexible form; multiple endogenous breaks; income-emissions elasticities

12.

How Much Does Increasing the Share of Non-Fossil Fuels in Electricity Generation Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions?

Final version published in Applied Energy (2017) Vol. 107, pp. 212-221, DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.04.025, USAEE Working Paper No. 15-215
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 11 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 23 Sep 2017
Brant Liddle and Perry Sadorsky
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and York University - Schulich School of Business
Downloads 75 (366,176)

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Carbon dioxide emissions; fossil-fuel displacement; renewable electricity; timeseries, cross-section methods

13.

The Political Economy of OECD Gasoline Taxes: Evidence from Pair-Wise, Panel Long-Run Causality Tests

Final version published in Transportation Research A: Policy and Practice (2015) Vol. 73, pp. 31-38. DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2014.12.009, USAEE Working Paper No. 13-123.
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 01 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2015
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 74 (368,937)

Abstract:

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determinants of OECD gasoline taxes, gasoline tax/price endogeneity, long-run panel Granger-causality, cross-sectional dependence, panel heterogeneity

14.

Which Comes First — Urbanization or Economic Growth? Evidence from Heterogeneous Panel Causality Tests

Applied Economics Letters, 2015 Vol. 22 (5), pp. 349-355.
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 13 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle and George Messinis
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - Victoria Institute of Strategic Economic Studies
Downloads 73 (371,706)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Heterogeneous panel causality, Economic growth, Urbanization

15.

Consumption-Based Accounting and the Trade-Carbon Emissions Nexus

USAEE Working Paper
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 Mar 2017
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 71 (377,511)
Citation 1

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Consumption-based carbon emissions, international trade, trade and environment, cross-sectionally dependent panels, net global carbon flows.

16.

Population, Affluence, and Environmental Impact Across Development: Evidence from Panel Cointegration Modeling

Environmental Modelling & Software, 40 (2013), 255-266
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 61 (408,548)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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STIRPAT, population and environment, FMOLS panel cointegration, environment and development, IPAT, GHG emissions, Environmental/Carbon Kuznets Curve

17.

Energy Efficiency in OECD and Non-OECD Countries: Estimates and Convergence

USAEE Working Paper No. 20-437
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Apr 2020
Brant Liddle and Perry Sadorsky
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and York University - Schulich School of Business
Downloads 60 (411,845)
Citation 1

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Energy efficiency; energy savings; convergence; stochastic frontier analysis; non-OECD countries.

18.

Revisiting Energy Consumption and GDP Causality: Importance of a Priori Hypothesis Testing, Disaggregated Data, and Heterogeneous Panels

Applied Energy (2015) Vol. 142, pp. 44-55
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 13 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 57 (422,296)

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Energy consumption, Economic growth, Panel Granger causality, Heterogeneous panels, Developed and developing countries, Cross-sectional dependence

19.

Age-Structure, Urbanization, and Climate Change in Developed Countries: Revisiting STIRPAT for Disaggregated Population and Consumption-Related Environmental Impacts

Population and Environment, (2010) Vol. 31, No. 5, pp. 317-343.
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 30 Oct 2014
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 50 (447,757)
Citation 1

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STIRPAT, population structural change and environment, carbon dioxide emissions, demography and climate change, panel data

20.

Warming and GDP Growth in the United States: A Heterogeneous, Common Factor Dynamic Panel Analysis

USAEE Working Paper No. 17-316, Liddle, B. 2018. Warming and Income Growth in the United States: A Heterogeneous, Common Factor Dynamic Panel Analysis. Climate Change Economics, Vol 9(4).
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 08 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2020
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 48 (455,635)

Abstract:

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Climate Change, Economic Growth, Agriculture, Common Factor Panel Models

21.

Urban Transport Pollution: Revisiting the Environmental Kuznets Curve

International Journal for Sustainable Transportation (2015) Vol. 9, pp. 502-508. DOI: 10.1080/15568318.2013.814077.
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 27 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 48 (455,635)

Abstract:

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transport and urban environment, environmental Kuznets curve, city-based data, urban density

22.

Revisiting Sulfur Kuznets Curves with Endogenous Breaks Modeling: Substantial Evidence of Inverted-Us/Vs for Individual OECD Countries

Final version published in Economic Modelling (2015) Vol. 49, pp. 278-285, DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2015.04.012, USAEE Working Paper No. 14-179
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 24 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2015
Brant Liddle and George Messinis
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - Victoria Institute of Strategic Economic Studies
Downloads 45 (467,934)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Sulfur emissions; Environmental Kuznets curve; OECD countries; nonlinear flexible form; multiple endogenous breaks; income-emission relationships

23.

Time-Varying Income and Price Elasticities for Energy Demand: Evidence from a Middle-Income (Primarily Non-OECD) Panel

USAEE Working Paper No. 19-413, Energy Economics, Vol. 86, No. Feb, 2020
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2020
Brant Liddle, Russell Smyth and Xibin Zhang
Energy Studies Institute, NUS, Monash University - Department of Economics and Monash University
Downloads 43 (476,417)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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income elasticity, price elasticity, nonparametric panel data model, time-varying

24.

There’s Technology Improvement, but is there Economy-wide Energy Leapfrogging? A Country Panel Analysis

USAEE Working Paper No. 19-381, World Development, Forthcoming https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105259
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 10 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 01 Feb 2021
Brant Liddle and Hillard Huntington
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Stanford University - Energy Modeling Forum
Downloads 42 (480,818)

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economic development, developing countries, technology transfer, energy use, energy intensity, leapfrogging

25.

The Systemic, Long-Run Relation among Gasoline Demand, Gasoline Price, Income, and Vehicle Ownership in OECD Countries: Evidence from Panel Cointegration and Causality Modeling

Transportation Research Part D, Vol. 17 (2012), 327-331
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 19 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 41 (485,218)

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26.

OECD Energy Intensity: Measures, Trends, and Convergence

Energy Efficiency, 5 (2012), 583-597
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Oct 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 37 (503,482)
Citation 1

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energy intensity, convergence, intra-distribution dynamics, energy quality index, OECD countries

27.

‘On the Road Again’: A 118 Country Panel Analysis of Gasoline and Diesel Demand

USAEE Working Paper No. 20-435, Transportation Research A: Policy and Practice, Vol. 142, December 2020, pp. 151-167
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 11 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 01 Feb 2021
Brant Liddle and Hillard Huntington
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Stanford University - Energy Modeling Forum
Downloads 35 (513,061)
Citation 1

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Road transportation energy use; Energy prices; Common factor panel models; Gasoline and diesel elasticity estimates; Dynamic models; OECD and Non-OECD panels

28.

Urban Density and Climate Change: A STIRPAT Analysis Using City-Level Data

Journal of Transport Geography, 28 (2013), 22-29
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 33 (523,145)

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urban density, STIRPAT, transport energy demand, city-based data

29.

Industry Electricity Price and Output Elasticities: An OECD & non-OECD Country Common Factor Dynamic Panel Analysis.

USAEE Working Paper No. 20-434
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 11 Mar 2020
Brant Liddle and Hasanov Fakhri
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Qafqaz University - Center for Socio-Economic Research
Downloads 30 (538,813)

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industrial electricity demand; OECD and Non-OECD panels; common factor panel models; dynamic models.

30.

Electricity Intensity Convergence in IEA/OECD Countries: Aggregate and Sectoral Analysis

Energy Policy, 37 (2009), 1470-1478
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 25 Oct 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 29 (544,468)

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Electricity intensity, Sigma- and Gamma-convergence, IEA/OECD countries

31.

Revisiting World Energy Intensity Convergence for Regional Differences

Applied Energy, 87 (2010), 3218-3225
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Oct 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 28 (550,190)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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energy intensity, convergence, intra-distribution dynamics

32.

Breaks and Trends in OECD Countries’ Energy-GDP Ratios

Energy Policy, 45 (2012), 502-509
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 26 (562,150)

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energy intensity, endogenous structural breaks, oil crises

33.

How Prices, Income, and Weather Shape Household Electricity Demand in High-Income and Middle-Income Countries

USAEE Working Paper No. 20-444
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 12 May 2020
Brant Liddle and Hillard Huntington
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Stanford University - Energy Modeling Forum
Downloads 21 (594,420)

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residential electricity demand; high- and middle-income panels; common factor panel models; dynamic models; electricity prices; elasticity estimates

34.

Long-Run Relationship among Transport Demand, Income, and Gasoline Price for the US

Transportation Research Part D, Vol. 14 (2009), 73-82
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 21 (594,420)
Citation 1

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35.

The Importance of Energy Quality in Energy Intensive Manufacturing: Evidence from Panel Cointegration and Panel FMOLS

Energy Economics, Vol. 34, 2012, pp. 1819-1825.
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 11 Mar 2013
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 21 (594,420)
Citation 1

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energy intensive manufacturing, Panel cointegration and Panel FMOLS, energy quality index, disaggregated energy consumption, elasticity estimation

36.

The Endogeneity of OECD Gasoline Taxes: Evidence from Pair-Wise, Heterogeneous Panel Long-Run Causality Tests

Transportation Research A: Policy and Practice, Vol. 73, pp. 31-38, 2015, DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2014.12.009
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 31 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle and Sidney Lung
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and Victoria University - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 18 (614,498)

Abstract:

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determinants of OECD gasoline taxes, gasoline tax/price endogeneity, long-run panel Granger-causality, cross-sectional dependence, panel heterogeneity

37.

Long-Run Projections of Environmental Impact in the OECD: The Importance of Uncertainty and Age Structure

International Journal of Global Environmental Issues (2011), Vol. 11, Nos 3/4, pp. 200-217
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 17 (621,191)

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STIRPAT, stochastic impacts by regression on population, affluence, and technology, demography and environmental impact, age structure and environment, population and sustainable development, IPAT, impact equals population times affluence times technology, greenhouse gas emissions projections

38.

Demographic Influences on Economic Resiliency: Revisiting the Developing Country Growth Collapse of the 1970's and 1980’s.

Journal of International Development (2011), Vol. 23, pp. 476-492.
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Brant Liddle
Energy Studies Institute, NUS
Downloads 14 (642,400)

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instability of economic growth, population growth, demographic transition, developing countries

39.

Have Road-Fuel income and Price Elasticities Changed Over Time? Evidence from Two OECD Panels and Two Methodological Approaches

USAEE Working Paper 20-480
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 08 Dec 2020
Brant Liddle and Steven Parker
Energy Studies Institute, NUS and RMIT University and La Trobe University
Downloads 10 (671,437)

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Road fuel consumption, Income and price elasticities, OECD panels, Time varying estimates, Rolling window regressions, Panel heterogeneity, Cross-sectionally dependent panels