Michael W. Toffel

Harvard Business School

Professor of Business Administration

Boston, MA 02163

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

57

DOWNLOADS
Rank 1,767

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 1,767

in Total Papers Downloads

16,326

CITATIONS
Rank 3,614

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,614

in Total Papers Citations

150

Scholarly Papers (57)

1.

Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard for Quality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 09-018, Management Science, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 14 Jun 2014
David I. Levine and Michael W. Toffel
University of California, Berkeley - Economic Analysis & Policy Group and Harvard Business School
Downloads 2,192 (5,537)
Citation 4

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ISO 9001, quality management, standards, occupational health and safety, wages, labor, empirical, California

2.

Scrutiny, Norms, and Selective Disclosure: A Global Study of Greenwashing

Forthcoming in Organization Science, Harvard Business School Organizational Behavior Unit Working Paper No. 11-115, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 11-115
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 10 May 2011 Last Revised: 30 Aug 2017
Christopher Marquis, Michael W. Toffel and Yanhua Bird
Cornell University, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 1,436 (11,241)

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institutional theory, environmental strategy, stakeholders, information disclosure, non-market strategy

3.
Downloads 1,309 ( 13,075)

Monitoring Global Supply Chains

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 14-032, UC Hastings Research Paper No. 84
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 25 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2015
Jodi L. Short, Michael W. Toffel and Andrea Hugill
University of California Hastings College of the Law, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 1,196 (14,698)

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monitoring, transaction cost economics, industry self-regulation, auditing, codes of conduct, supply chains, corporate social responsibility, globalization

Monitoring the Monitors: How Social Factors Influence Supply Chain Auditors

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 14-032, UC Hastings Research Paper No. 84
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 22 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2014
Jodi L. Short, Michael W. Toffel and Andrea Hugill
University of California Hastings College of the Law, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 113 (226,912)

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industry self-regulation, auditing, codes of conduct, supply chains, corporate social responsibility, globalization

4.

Assessing the Impact of CEO Activism

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 16-100, Duke I&E Research Paper No. 16-11
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 06 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 25 Apr 2018
Aaron Chatterji and Michael W. Toffel
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 1,227 (14,422)

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How Well Do Social Ratings Actually Measure Corporate Social Responsibility?

HBS Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 07-051
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 17 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 19 Feb 2009
Aaron Chatterji, David I. Levine and Michael W. Toffel
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, University of California, Berkeley - Economic Analysis & Policy Group and Harvard Business School
Downloads 960 (20,546)
Citation 30

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environmental management, corporate social responsibility, evaluation, ratings, regulation, compliance, emissions

How Well Do Social Ratings Actually Measure Corporate Social Responsibility?

Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Vol. 18, Issue 1, pp. 125-169, Spring 2009
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 27 Apr 2009
Aaron Chatterji, David I. Levine and Michael W. Toffel
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, University of California, Berkeley - Economic Analysis & Policy Group and Harvard Business School
Downloads 2 (616,614)
Citation 30
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6.

Codes in Context: How States, Markets, and Civil Society Shape Adherence to Global Labor Standards

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 13-045, UC Hastings Research Paper No. 79
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 21 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2014
Michael W. Toffel, Jodi L. Short and Melissa Ouellet
Harvard Business School, University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 677 (34,262)
Citation 2

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Transnational regulation, Labor standards, Consumer politics, Codes of conduct, Compliance

7.

Signaling without Certification: The Critical Role of Civil Society Scrutiny

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 15-009, Kelley School of Business Research Paper No. 2014-32
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 16 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2016
Susan Kayser, John W. Maxwell and Michael W. Toffel
Erb Institute & Graham Sustainability Institute, University of Michigan, Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Business Economics & Public Policy and Harvard Business School
Downloads 577 (42,304)

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8.

Responding to Public and Private Politics: Corporate Disclosure of Climate Change Strategies

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 09-019
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Erin Marie Reid and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 478 (53,768)
Citation 18

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social movements theory, institutional change theory, private politics, activist shareholder resolutions, climate change, environmental sustainability

9.

Evaluating the Impact of SA 8000 Certification

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-097
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 22 May 2008 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2008
Michael J. Hiscox, Claire Schwartz and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard University, Harvard University - Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and Harvard Business School
Downloads 462 (56,101)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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10.

The Integrity of Private Third-Party Compliance Monitoring

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 27 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 11 Dec 2015
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 431 (61,029)

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auditing, regulation, compliance, conflicts of interest, policy, inspection, certification, third-party

11.

How Firms Respond to Being Rated

HBS Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-025
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 03 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2011
Aaron Chatterji and Michael W. Toffel
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 429 (61,399)
Citation 18

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information disclosure, environmental performance, corporate social responsibility, industry self-regulation, ratings

12.

Engaging Supply Chains in Climate Change

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 12-026
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 14 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2012
Chonnikarn Fern Jira and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 402 (66,838)
Citation 3

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Econometric Analysis, Empirical Research, Environmental Operations, Sustainable Operations, OM-Organizational Behavior Interface, Supply Chain Management, Risk Management

13.

Self-Regulatory Institutions for Solving Environmental Problems: Perspectives and Contributions from the Management Literature

HBS Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 07-089
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 14 May 2007
Andrew A. King and Michael W. Toffel
Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth and Harvard Business School
Downloads 401 (66,644)
Citation 10

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14.

Organizational Receptivity to Institutional Pressure: The Adoption of Environmental Management Practices

University of California Center for Responsible Business Working Paper
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 16 Aug 2005
Magali A. Delmas and Michael W. Toffel
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Harvard Business School
Downloads 343 (79,933)
Citation 2

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Institutional theory, ISO 14001, voluntary programs, strategy, survey, structural equation model, empirical

15.

How Firms Respond to Mandatory Information Disclosure

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 12-001
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 06 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 28 Jun 2012
Anil R Doshi, Glen Dowell and Michael W. Toffel
University College London - School of Management, Cornell University - Johnson Graduate School of Management and Harvard Business School
Downloads 329 (83,849)
Citation 1

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information disclosure, institutional theory, environmental strategy, mandatory disclosure, environmental performance

16.

Contracting for Servicizing

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-063
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 06 Feb 2008
Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School
Downloads 329 (83,849)

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17.

Customer-Driven Misconduct: How Competition Corrupts Business Practices

Management Science 59 (8), 1725-1742
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 16 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 11 Dec 2013
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Washington University, Saint Louis - John M. Olin School of Business, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Anderson School of Management and Harvard Business School
Downloads 328 (84,133)
Citation 1

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18.

How Scheduling Can Bias Quality Assessment: Evidence from Food Safety Inspections

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 17-090
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 17 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 26 Apr 2018
Maria Ibanez and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 319 (86,816)

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Quality, Assessment, Bias, Inspection, Scheduling, Econometric Analysis, Empirical Research, Regulation

19.

Institutional Pressures and Organizational Characteristics: Implications for Environmental Strategy

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 11-050
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 20 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2010
Magali A. Delmas and Michael W. Toffel
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Harvard Business School
Downloads 315 (87,991)
Citation 3

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20.

Enhancing the Practical Relevance of Research

Production and Operations Management, Forthcoming, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 16-082
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 23 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2016
Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School
Downloads 298 (93,596)

Abstract:

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research questions, relevance, rigor, communication, practice-based research

21.

Organizational Responses to Environmental Demands: Opening the Black Box

Strategic Management Journal, Forthcoming, HBS Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 07-022
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 25 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 17 Jun 2014
Magali A. Delmas and Michael W. Toffel
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Harvard Business School
Downloads 275 (102,064)
Citation 28

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Institutional theory, Stakeholder influence, Environmental strategy, ISO 14001, Voluntary, Environmental programs, Structural Equation Modeling

22.

Operational Failures and Problem Solving: An Empirical Study of Incident Reporting

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 10-017
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 27 Aug 2009
Julia Adler-Milstein, Sara J. Singer and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit, Harvard School of Public Health and Harvard Business School
Downloads 255 (110,494)

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23.

The Role of Organizational Scope and Governance in Strengthening Private Monitoring

Forthcoming, Organization Science
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 16 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2012
Lamar Pierce and Michael W. Toffel
Washington University, Saint Louis - John M. Olin School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 253 (111,374)
Citation 2

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Organizational structure, scope, corruption, ethics, auditing, regulation, governance, environmental, pollution, automobile, outsourcing

24.

Managerial Practices that Promote Voice and Taking Charge Among Frontline Workers

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 11-005
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 20 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2011
Julia Adler-Milstein, Sara J. Singer and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit, Harvard School of Public Health and Harvard Business School
Downloads 235 (120,076)

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25.

Survey Questionnaire on Corporate Environmental Management Practices

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 04 May 2013
Magali A. Delmas, Dennis J. Aigner and Michael W. Toffel
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), University of California, Santa Barbara - Donald Bren School of Environmental Science & Management and Harvard Business School
Downloads 231 (122,155)

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Environmental Management Practices, Survey questionnaire

26.

Environmental Federalism in the European Union and the United States

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 10-085
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 24 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 05 May 2010
David J. Vogel, Michael W. Toffel, Diahanna Post and Nazli Uludere
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, Harvard Business School, affiliation not provided to SSRN and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 230 (122,682)
Citation 2

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27.

Turning Themselves in: Why Companies Disclose Regulatory Violations

University of California Center for Responsible Business Working Paper No. 17
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 16 Aug 2005
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 218 (129,343)
Citation 1

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Enforcement, regulations, environmental protection, compliance, voluntary programs, adoption

28.

Resolving Information Asymmetries in Supply Chains: The Role of Certified Management Programs

UC Berkeley, Haas School of Business Working Paper No. 19
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 06 Oct 2005
Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School
Downloads 216 (130,497)
Citation 8

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information assymetry, auditing, evaluation, voluntary programs, environmental, supply chain, ISO 14001, certified, propensity score matching

Government Green Procurement Spillovers: Evidence from Municipal Building Policies in California

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 13-030
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 05 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 15 May 2014
Timothy Simcoe and Michael W. Toffel
Boston University - Questrom School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 200 (140,033)
Citation 1

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Public procurement, green building, quality certification, environmental policy

Public Procurement and the Private Supply of Green Buildings

NBER Working Paper No. w18385
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 15 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2014
Timothy Simcoe and Michael W. Toffel
Boston University - Questrom School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 11 (557,927)
Citation 1

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30.

Extending Producer Responsibility: An Evaluation Framework for Product Take-Back Policies

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 09-026
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 03 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2008
Michael W. Toffel, Antoinette Stein and Katharine L. Lee
Harvard Business School, Government of the State of California and Harvard Business School
Downloads 188 (148,574)
Citation 2

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31.

Beyond Symbolic Responses to Private Politics: Codes of Conduct and Improvement in Global Supply Chain Working Conditions

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 17-001
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 09 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2018
Jodi L. Short, Michael W. Toffel and Andrea Hugill
University of California Hastings College of the Law, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 175 (158,490)

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Monitoring, supply chain, supplier relationship, supply chain management, corporate social responsibility and impact, labor, Working Conditions, sustainability, Sustainability Management, Sustainable Operations, sustainable supply chains, NGO

32.

The Causes and Consequences of Industry Self-Policing

HBS Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-021
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 11 Jan 2011
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 136 (196,009)

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33.

Coming Clean and Cleaning Up: Is Voluntary Disclosure a Signal of Effective Self-Policing?

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-098
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 08 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 14 Nov 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Jodi L. Short
Harvard Business School and University of California Hastings College of the Law
Downloads 130
Citation 3

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self-policing, self-regulation, voluntary programs, environmental regulation, environmental performance, pollution, audits, signaling

34.

Diffusing Management Practices within the Firm: The Role of Information Provision

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-085
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 19 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2008
Michael Lenox and Michael W. Toffel
University of Virginia - Darden School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 125 (209,441)

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information provision, knowledge diffusion, environmental management, environmental strategy

35.

Making Self-Regulation More than Merely Symbolic: The Critical Role of the Legal Environment

Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 55, pp. 361-396, 2010, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 11-14
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 19 Jan 2011
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 105 (237,888)
Citation 10

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environmental law, administrative law, self-regulation

36.

CSR Needs CPR: Corporate Sustainability and Politics

California Management Review, Forthcoming, Kelley School of Business Research Paper No. 18-65
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 07 Aug 2018
University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Business Economics & Public Policy, University of Western Ontario - Richard Ivey School of Business, Paris School of Economics (PSE), Ecole Polytechnique, Paris - Laboratoire d'Econometrie, HEC Paris - Strategy & Business Policy, Cass Business School, Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth, University of Virginia - Darden School of Business, Harvard Business School, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)
Downloads 54 (348,670)

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Corporate Social Responsibility, Lobbying, Greenwashing, Corporate Sustainability, Corporate Political Responsibility

37.

What Environmental Ratings Miss

Harvard Business School Technology and Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 12-017
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 23 Sep 2011
Auden Schendler and Michael W. Toffel
Aspen Skiing Company, and Harvard Business School
Downloads 45 (377,165)

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38.

The Hybrid Vehicle Market

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 612-084
Posted: 07 May 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Nazli Uludere
Harvard Business School and affiliation not provided to SSRN

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39.

The Precautionary Principle

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 610-043
Posted: 18 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Nazli Uludere
Harvard Business School and affiliation not provided to SSRN

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40.

Fiji versus FIJI: Negotiating Over Water

Harvard Business School NOM Unit Case No. 912-030
Posted: 05 Apr 2012
Francesca Gino, Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

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41.

The Cage-Free Egg Movement

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 611-021
Posted: 18 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 19 Mar 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

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42.

InterfaceRAISE: Sustainability Consulting

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Management Unit Case No. 611-069
Posted: 13 Mar 2012
Michael W. Toffel, Robert G. Eccles and Casey Taylor
Harvard Business School, University of Oxford - Said Business School and Harvard Business School

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43.

FIJI Water: Carbon Negative?

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 611-049
Posted: 01 Mar 2012
Francesca Gino, Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

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44.

Carbon Footprints: Methods and Calculations

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 611-075
Posted: 29 Feb 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

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45.

Trucost: Valuing Corporate Environmental Impacts

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 612-025
Posted: 04 Feb 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

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46.

Aspen Skiing Company (A)

HBS Case No. 611-002, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 11 Nov 2010
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

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47.

Aspen Skiing Company (B)

HBS Case No. 611-003, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 11 Nov 2010
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

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48.

Aspen Skiing Company (C)

HBS Case No. 611-018, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 11 Nov 2010
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

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49.

Aspen Skiing Company (D)

HBS Case No. 611-019, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 11 Nov 2010
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

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50.

Genzyme Center (A)

HBS Case No. 610-008, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 04 Nov 2009
Michael W. Toffel and Aldo Sesia
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

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51.

Genzyme Center (B)

HBS Case No. 610-009, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 04 Nov 2009
Michael W. Toffel and Aldo Sesia
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

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52.

Genzyme Center (C)

HBS Case No. 610-010, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 04 Nov 2009
Michael W. Toffel and Aldo Sesia
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

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53.

Cook Composites and Polymers Co.

HBS Case No. 608-055, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 09 Aug 2009
Deishin Lee, Michael W. Toffel and Rachel Gordon
University of Western Ontario - Richard Ivey School of Business, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

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54.

Sustainability at Millipore

HBS Case No. 610-012, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Management Unit
Posted: 05 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2009
Michael W. Toffel and Katharine L. Lee
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

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55.

Coming Clean and Cleaning Up: Does Voluntary Self-Reporting Indicate Effective Self-Policing?

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-098, CELS 2009 4th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 11-15
Posted: 29 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2011
Michael W. Toffel and Jodi L. Short
Harvard Business School and University of California Hastings College of the Law

Abstract:

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56.

Coerced Confessions: Self-Policing in the Shadow of the Regulator

The Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, Vol. 24, Issue 1, pp. 45-71, 2008
Posted: 23 Jun 2008
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School

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57.

Coerced Confessions: Self-Policing in the Shadow of the Regulator

Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, August 30, 2007
Posted: 14 Apr 2007
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School

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Enforcement, regulations, environmental protection, compliance, voluntary programs, adoption