Michael W. Toffel

Harvard Business School

Professor of Business Administration

Boston, MA 02163

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

57

DOWNLOADS
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15,215

CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,629

in Total Papers Citations

150

Scholarly Papers (57)

1.

Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard for Quality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 09-018, Management Science, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 14 Jun 2014
David I. Levine and Michael W. Toffel
University of California, Berkeley - Economic Analysis & Policy Group and Harvard Business School
Downloads 1,970 (5,156)
Citation 4

Abstract:

ISO 9001, quality management, standards, occupational health and safety, wages, labor, empirical, California

2.
Downloads 1,250 ( 12,416)

Monitoring Global Supply Chains

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 14-032, UC Hastings Research Paper No. 84
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 25 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2015
Jodi L. Short, Michael W. Toffel and Andrea Hugill
University of California Hastings College of the Law, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 1,151 (13,881)

Abstract:

monitoring, transaction cost economics, industry self-regulation, auditing, codes of conduct, supply chains, corporate social responsibility, globalization

Monitoring the Monitors: How Social Factors Influence Supply Chain Auditors

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 14-032, UC Hastings Research Paper No. 84
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 22 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2014
Jodi L. Short, Michael W. Toffel and Andrea Hugill
University of California Hastings College of the Law, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 99 (228,957)

Abstract:

industry self-regulation, auditing, codes of conduct, supply chains, corporate social responsibility, globalization

How Well Do Social Ratings Actually Measure Corporate Social Responsibility?

HBS Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 07-051
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 17 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 19 Feb 2009
Aaron Chatterji, David I. Levine and Michael W. Toffel
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, University of California, Berkeley - Economic Analysis & Policy Group and Harvard Business School
Downloads 932 (19,163)
Citation 30

Abstract:

environmental management, corporate social responsibility, evaluation, ratings, regulation, compliance, emissions

How Well Do Social Ratings Actually Measure Corporate Social Responsibility?

Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Vol. 18, Issue 1, pp. 125-169, Spring 2009
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 27 Apr 2009
Aaron Chatterji, David I. Levine and Michael W. Toffel
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, University of California, Berkeley - Economic Analysis & Policy Group and Harvard Business School
Downloads 2 (571,283)
Citation 30
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Abstract:

4.

Scrutiny, Norms, and Selective Disclosure: A Global Study of Greenwashing

Forthcoming in Organization Science, Harvard Business School Organizational Behavior Unit Working Paper No. 11-115, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 11-115
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 10 May 2011 Last Revised: 30 Aug 2017
Christopher Marquis, Michael W. Toffel and Yanhua Z Bird
Cornell University, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 833 (11,498)

Abstract:

institutional theory, environmental strategy, stakeholders, information disclosure, non-market strategy

5.

Codes in Context: How States, Markets, and Civil Society Shape Adherence to Global Labor Standards

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 13-045, UC Hastings Research Paper No. 79
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 21 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2014
Michael W. Toffel, Jodi L. Short and Melissa Ouellet
Harvard Business School, University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 573 (31,988)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Transnational regulation, Labor standards, Consumer politics, Codes of conduct, Compliance

6.

Signaling without Certification: The Critical Role of Civil Society Scrutiny

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 15-009, Kelley School of Business Research Paper No. 2014-32
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 16 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2016
Susan A. Kayser, John W. Maxwell and Michael W. Toffel
Erb Institute & Graham Sustainability Institute, University of Michigan, Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Business Economics & Public Policy and Harvard Business School
Downloads 425 (41,331)

Abstract:

7.

How Firms Respond to Being Rated

HBS Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-025
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 03 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2011
Aaron Chatterji and Michael W. Toffel
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 404 (56,643)
Citation 18

Abstract:

information disclosure, environmental performance, corporate social responsibility, industry self-regulation, ratings

8.

Evaluating the Impact of SA 8000 Certification

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-097
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 22 May 2008 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2008
Michael J. Hiscox, Claire Schwartz and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard University, Harvard University - Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and Harvard Business School
Downloads 358 (55,338)
Citation 1

Abstract:

9.

Engaging Supply Chains in Climate Change

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 12-026
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 14 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2012
Chonnikarn Fern Jira and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 347 (62,906)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Econometric Analysis, Empirical Research, Environmental Operations, Sustainable Operations, OM-Organizational Behavior Interface, Supply Chain Management, Risk Management

10.

Responding to Public and Private Politics: Corporate Disclosure of Climate Change Strategies

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 09-019
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2009
Erin Marie Reid and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 342 (50,292)
Citation 18

Abstract:

social movements theory, institutional change theory, private politics, activist shareholder resolutions, climate change, environmental sustainability

11.

Organizational Receptivity to Institutional Pressure: The Adoption of Environmental Management Practices

University of California Center for Responsible Business Working Paper
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 16 Aug 2005
Magali A. Delmas and Michael W. Toffel
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Harvard Business School
Downloads 324 (72,732)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Institutional theory, ISO 14001, voluntary programs, strategy, survey, structural equation model, empirical

12.

How Firms Respond to Mandatory Information Disclosure

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 12-001
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 06 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 28 Jun 2012
Anil R Doshi, Glen Dowell and Michael W. Toffel
University College London - School of Management, Cornell University - Johnson Graduate School of Management and Harvard Business School
Downloads 309 (77,112)
Citation 1

Abstract:

information disclosure, institutional theory, environmental strategy, mandatory disclosure, environmental performance

13.

Self-Regulatory Institutions for Solving Environmental Problems: Perspectives and Contributions from the Management Literature

HBS Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 07-089
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 14 May 2007
Andrew A. King and Michael W. Toffel
Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth and Harvard Business School
Downloads 301 (61,639)
Citation 10

Abstract:

14.

Organizational Responses to Environmental Demands: Opening the Black Box

Strategic Management Journal, Forthcoming, HBS Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 07-022
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 25 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 17 Jun 2014
Magali A. Delmas and Michael W. Toffel
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Harvard Business School
Downloads 256 (93,348)
Citation 28

Abstract:

Institutional theory, Stakeholder influence, Environmental strategy, ISO 14001, Voluntary, Environmental programs, Structural Equation Modeling

15.

Customer-Driven Misconduct: How Competition Corrupts Business Practices

Management Science 59 (8), 1725-1742
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 16 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 11 Dec 2013
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Washington University, Saint Louis - John M. Olin School of Business, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Anderson School of Management and Harvard Business School
Downloads 247 (79,526)
Citation 1

Abstract:

16.

The Role of Organizational Scope and Governance in Strengthening Private Monitoring

Forthcoming, Organization Science
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 16 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2012
Lamar Pierce and Michael W. Toffel
Washington University, Saint Louis - John M. Olin School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 246 (101,955)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Organizational structure, scope, corruption, ethics, auditing, regulation, governance, environmental, pollution, automobile, outsourcing

17.

Managerial Practices that Promote Voice and Taking Charge Among Frontline Workers

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 11-005
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 20 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2011
Julia Adler-Milstein, Sara J. Singer and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit, Harvard School of Public Health and Harvard Business School
Downloads 209 (112,450)

Abstract:

18.

Institutional Pressures and Organizational Characteristics: Implications for Environmental Strategy

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 11-050
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 20 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2010
Magali A. Delmas and Michael W. Toffel
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Harvard Business School
Downloads 206 (89,388)
Citation 3

Abstract:

19.

Operational Failures and Problem Solving: An Empirical Study of Incident Reporting

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 10-017
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 27 Aug 2009
Julia Adler-Milstein, Sara J. Singer and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit, Harvard School of Public Health and Harvard Business School
Downloads 205 (102,812)

Abstract:

Government Green Procurement Spillovers: Evidence from Municipal Building Policies in California

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 13-030
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 05 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 15 May 2014
Timothy Simcoe and Michael W. Toffel
Boston University - Questrom School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 190 (134,315)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Public procurement, green building, quality certification, environmental policy

Public Procurement and the Private Supply of Green Buildings

NBER Working Paper No. w18385
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 15 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2014
Timothy Simcoe and Michael W. Toffel
Boston University - Questrom School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 11 (519,501)
Citation 1

Abstract:

21.

Turning Themselves In: Why Companies Disclose Regulatory Violations

University of California Center for Responsible Business Working Paper No. 17
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 16 Aug 2005
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 200 (119,125)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Enforcement, regulations, environmental protection, compliance, voluntary programs, adoption

22.

Resolving Information Asymmetries in Supply Chains: The Role of Certified Management Programs

UC Berkeley, Haas School of Business Working Paper No. 19
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 06 Oct 2005
Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School
Downloads 197 (122,504)
Citation 8

Abstract:

information assymetry, auditing, evaluation, voluntary programs, environmental, supply chain, ISO 14001, certified, propensity score matching

23.

Contracting for Servicizing

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-063
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 06 Feb 2008
Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School
Downloads 195 (88,355)

Abstract:

24.

Environmental Federalism in the European Union and the United States

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 10-085
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 24 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 05 May 2010
David J. Vogel, Michael W. Toffel, Diahanna Post and Nazli Uludere
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, Harvard Business School, affiliation not provided to SSRN and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 176 (121,909)
Citation 2

Abstract:

25.

Extending Producer Responsibility: An Evaluation Framework for Product Take-Back Policies

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 09-026
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 03 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2008
Michael W. Toffel, Antoinette Stein and Katharine L. Lee
Harvard Business School, Government of the State of California and Harvard Business School
Downloads 145 (144,967)
Citation 2

Abstract:

26.

Diffusing Management Practices within the Firm: The Role of Information Provision

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-085
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 19 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2008
Michael Lenox and Michael W. Toffel
University of Virginia - Darden School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 118 (193,270)

Abstract:

information provision, knowledge diffusion, environmental management, environmental strategy

27.

The Causes and Consequences of Industry Self-Policing

HBS Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-021
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 11 Jan 2011
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 116 (182,727)

Abstract:

28.

Survey Questionnaire on Corporate Environmental Management Practices

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 04 May 2013
Magali A. Delmas, Dennis J. Aigner and Michael W. Toffel
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), University of California, Santa Barbara - Donald Bren School of Environmental Science & Management and Harvard Business School
Downloads 99 (144,223)

Abstract:

Environmental Management Practices, Survey questionnaire

29.

Making Self-Regulation More than Merely Symbolic: The Critical Role of the Legal Environment

Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 55, pp. 361-396, 2010, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 11-14
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 19 Jan 2011
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 88 (222,970)
Citation 10

Abstract:

environmental law, administrative law, self-regulation

30.

What Environmental Ratings Miss

Harvard Business School Technology and Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 12-017
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 23 Sep 2011
Auden Schendler and Michael W. Toffel
Aspen Skiing Company, and Harvard Business School
Downloads 40 (357,981)

Abstract:

31.

Organizational Structures and the Improvement of Working Conditions in Global Supply Chains: Legalization, Participation, and Economic Incentives

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 18-003
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 11 Jul 2017
Yanhua Z. Bird, Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School, University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 0 (313,165)

Abstract:

32.

Assessing the Quality of Quality Assessment: The Role of Scheduling

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 17-090
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 17 Apr 2017
Maria Ibanez and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School
Downloads 0 (151,170)

Abstract:

Quality, Assessment, Bias, Inspection, Scheduling, Econometric Analysis, Empirical Research, Regulation

33.

Beyond Symbolic Responses to Private Politics: Examining Labor Standards Improvement in Global Supply Chains

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 17-001
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 09 Jul 2016
Andrea Hugill, Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School, University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 0 (200,654)

Abstract:

Monitoring, supply chain, supplier relationship, supply chain management, corporate social responsibility and impact, labor, Working Conditions, sustainability, Sustainability Management, Sustainable Operations, sustainable supply chains, NGO

34.

Do CEO Activists Make a Difference? Evidence from a Quasi-Field Experiment

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 16-100, Duke I&E Research Paper No. 16-11
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 06 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2017
Aaron Chatterji and Michael W. Toffel
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Harvard Business School
Downloads 0 (17,139)

Abstract:

35.

Enhancing the Practical Relevance of Research

Production and Operations Management, Forthcoming, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 16-082
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 23 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2016
Michael W. Toffel
Harvard Business School
Downloads 0 (88,014)

Abstract:

research questions, relevance, rigor, communication, practice-based research

36.

The Integrity of Private Third-Party Compliance Monitoring

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 27 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 11 Dec 2015
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School
Downloads 0 (66,104)

Abstract:

auditing, regulation, compliance, conflicts of interest, policy, inspection, certification, third-party

37.

The Hybrid Vehicle Market

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 612-084
Posted: 07 May 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Nazli Uludere
Harvard Business School and affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract:

38.

The Precautionary Principle

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 610-043
Posted: 18 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Nazli Uludere
Harvard Business School and affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract:

39.

Fiji versus FIJI: Negotiating Over Water

Harvard Business School NOM Unit Case No. 912-030
Posted: 05 Apr 2012
Francesca Gino, Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

40.

The Cage-Free Egg Movement

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 611-021
Posted: 18 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 19 Mar 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

41.

InterfaceRAISE: Sustainability Consulting

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Management Unit Case No. 611-069
Posted: 13 Mar 2012
Michael W. Toffel, Robert G. Eccles and Casey Taylor
Harvard Business School, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

42.

FIJI Water: Carbon Negative?

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 611-049
Posted: 01 Mar 2012
Francesca Gino, Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

43.

Carbon Footprints: Methods and Calculations

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 611-075
Posted: 29 Feb 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

44.

Trucost: Valuing Corporate Environmental Impacts

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Case No. 612-025
Posted: 04 Feb 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

45.

Aspen Skiing Company (B)

HBS Case No. 611-003, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 11 Nov 2010
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

46.

Aspen Skiing Company (A)

HBS Case No. 611-002, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 11 Nov 2010
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

47.

Aspen Skiing Company (D)

HBS Case No. 611-019, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 11 Nov 2010
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

48.

Aspen Skiing Company (C)

HBS Case No. 611-018, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 11 Nov 2010
Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

49.

Genzyme Center (A)

HBS Case No. 610-008, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 04 Nov 2009
Michael W. Toffel and Aldo Sesia
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

50.

Genzyme Center (C)

HBS Case No. 610-010, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 04 Nov 2009
Michael W. Toffel and Aldo Sesia
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

51.

Genzyme Center (B)

HBS Case No. 610-009, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 04 Nov 2009
Michael W. Toffel and Aldo Sesia
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

52.

Cook Composites and Polymers Co.

HBS Case No. 608-055, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit
Posted: 09 Aug 2009
Deishin Lee, Michael W. Toffel and Rachel Gordon
Boston College, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

53.

Sustainability at Millipore

HBS Case No. 610-012, Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Management Unit
Posted: 05 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2009
Michael W. Toffel and Katharine L. Lee
Harvard Business School and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

54.

Coming Clean and Cleaning Up: Does Voluntary Self-Reporting Indicate Effective Self-Policing?

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-098, CELS 2009 4th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 11-15
Posted: 29 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2011
Michael W. Toffel and Jodi L. Short
Harvard Business School and University of California Hastings College of the Law

Abstract:

55.

Coerced Confessions: Self-Policing in the Shadow of the Regulator

The Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, Vol. 24, Issue 1, pp. 45-71, 2008
Posted: 23 Jun 2008
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

56.

Coerced Confessions: Self-Policing in the Shadow of the Regulator

Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, August 30, 2007
Posted: 14 Apr 2007
Jodi L. Short and Michael W. Toffel
University of California Hastings College of the Law and Harvard Business School

Abstract:

Enforcement, regulations, environmental protection, compliance, voluntary programs, adoption

57.

Coming Clean and Cleaning Up: Is Voluntary Disclosure a Signal of Effective Self-Policing?

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Research Paper No. 08-098
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 08 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 14 Nov 2012
Michael W. Toffel and Jodi L. Short
Harvard Business School and University of California Hastings College of the Law
Downloads 0
Citation 3

Abstract:

self-policing, self-regulation, voluntary programs, environmental regulation, environmental performance, pollution, audits, signaling