Jeanne C. Fromer

New York University School of Law

Vice Dean, Intellectual Life; Walter J. Derenberg Professor of Intellectual Property Law

40 Washington Square South

New York, NY 10012

United States

http://rb.gy/r4lhv3

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

43

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20,021

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 27,399

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33

CROSSREF CITATIONS

11

Scholarly Papers (43)

1.

Trade Secrecy in Willy Wonka's Chocolate Factory

THE LAW AND THEORY OF TRADE SECRECY: A HANDBOOK OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH, Rochelle C. Dreyfuss, Katherine J. Strandburg, eds., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1430463
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 07 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2011
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 1,535 (23,590)

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trade secrets, trade secrecy, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Roald Dahl, candy, chocolate, Hershey, Mars, patent law

2.

Memes on Memes and the New Creativity

New York University Law Review, Vol. 97, p. 453, 2022
Number of pages: 113 Posted: 27 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 24 May 2022
Amy Adler and Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 1,503 (24,338)

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intellectual property, copyright, memes, creativity, social media, TikTok

3.

Claiming Intellectual Property

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 76, p. 719, 2009, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1273449
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 29 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 1,239 (32,343)
Citation 1

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intellectual property, patent, copyright, claims, peripheral claims, central claims, characteristic claims, exemplar claims, doctrine of equivalents, dependent claims, best mode, fair use, substantial similarity, innovation

4.

Patent Disclosure

Iowa Law Review, Vol. 94, p. 539, 2009, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1116020
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 07 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2009
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 1,115 (37,579)
Citation 8

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patent law, intellectual property, disclosure, innovation, invention, technology, information

5.

A Psychology of Intellectual Property

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 104, p. 1441, 2010, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1575843
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 21 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 20 Sep 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 1,059 (40,490)
Citation 2

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Intellectual Property, Patent, Copyright, Psychology, Creativity, Protectability, Novelty, Nonobviousness, Utility, Originality, Science, Engineering, Invention, Art, Problem Solving, Problem Finding

6.

Fashion's Function in Intellectual Property Law

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 93, p. 51, 2017
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 05 Feb 2020
Christopher Buccafusco and Jeanne C. Fromer
Duke University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 934 (48,325)
Citation 6

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Copyright, Patent, Design, Trademark, Function, Utility, Cheerleading, Costume, Dress, Clothing, Garment

7.

Taking Intellectual Property into Their Own Hands

California Law Review, Vol. 107, p. 1455, 2019, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-36, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 18-20
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 06 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2020
Amy Adler and Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 926 (48,920)

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intellectual property, copyright, trademark, self-help, law and norms, remedies, shaming, shame, social media, Gucci, GucciGhost, Dapper Dan, Richard Prince, Suicide Girls, Diet Prada, Ivanka Trump, Aquazzura, Tupac Shakur, Biggie Smalls, diss songs, Drake, James Turrell, #MeToo, cancel culture

8.

The Layers of Obviousness in Patent Law

Harvard Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 22, p. 75, 2008, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1119723
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 14 May 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 830 (56,835)

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obviousness, nonobviousness, patent law, intellectual property, KSR, conception, reduction to practice, software, biotechnology

9.

The Audience in Intellectual Property Infringement

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 112, p. 1251 (2014), NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-31, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 13-19, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 447, Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 2272235
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 31 May 2013 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2015
Jeanne C. Fromer and Mark A. Lemley
New York University School of Law and Stanford Law School
Downloads 813 (58,408)

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intellectual property, patent, copyright, trademark, design patent, audience, infringement, PHOSITA, substantial similarity

10.

Experimental Tests of Intellectual Property Laws’ Creativity Thresholds

Texas Law Review, Vol. 93, p. 1921, 2014, Chicago-Kent College of Law Research Paper No. 2014-13, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 14-15
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 31 May 2014 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2014
Duke University School of Law, University of San Francisco School of Management, New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 714 (69,382)

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intellectual property, copyright, patent, creativity, experiment, incentive, thresholds

11.

Amazon's Quiet Overhaul of the Trademark System

California Law Review, Volume 113, forthcoming 2025, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper Forthcoming, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 24 Jun 2024
Jeanne C. Fromer and Mark P. McKenna
New York University School of Law and UCLA School of Law
Downloads 670 (75,583)

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12.

Expressive Incentives in Intellectual Property

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 98, p. 1745, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 12-45
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 19 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 15 Jan 2013
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 668 (75,583)

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intellectual property, IP, copyright, patent, incentive, utilitarianism, moral rights, expressive, pecuniary

13.

Are We Running Out of Trademarks? An Empirical Study of Trademark Depletion and Congestion

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 131, No. 4, p. 945, 2018, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-19, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 18-09
Number of pages: 101 Posted: 21 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2018
Barton Beebe and Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 608 (84,999)
Citation 3

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Trademark, Intellectual Property, Depletion, Congestion, PTO, Trademark Case Files Dataset

14.

Fake Trademark Specimens: An Empirical Analysis

Columbia Law Review Forum, Vol. 121, p. 217 (2020), NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 20-37, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 20-37
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 24 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 02 Dec 2020
Barton Beebe and Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 560 (94,306)
Citation 1

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Trademark, Trademark Modernization Act, Fake, Specimens, China, Registration, PTO

15.

Should the Law Care Why Intellectual Property Rights Have Been Asserted?

Houston Law Review, Vol. 32, p. 549, 2015, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 16-04
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 12 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2016
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 528 (101,550)

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intellectual property, IP, copyright, patent, motivation, motive

16.

Machines as the New Oompa-Loompas: Trade Secrecy, the Cloud, Machine Learning, and Automation

New York University Law Review, Vol. 94, p. 706, 2019, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-18, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19-12
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 05 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2019
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 490 (111,178)

Abstract:

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trade secret law, trade secrecy, Willy Wonka, Oompa-Loompas, data, computers, software, cloud computing, machine learning, artificial intelligence, automation, intellectual property, reverse engineering, employment

17.

Minds, Machines, and the Law: The Case of Volition in Copyright Law

Columbia Law Review, Vol. 119, p. 1887, 2019, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19-15, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-24
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 09 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 23 Jan 2020
Mala Chatterjee and Jeanne C. Fromer
Columbia Law School and New York University School of Law
Downloads 463 (118,930)
Citation 1

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artificial intelligence, AI, copyright, volition, machines, technology, consciousness, mental states, liability, infringement, John Searle, David Chalmers, Chinese Room

18.

Claiming Design

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 167, p. 123, 2018, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-32, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 18-17, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1856
Number of pages: 89 Posted: 30 May 2018 Last Revised: 28 Dec 2018
Jeanne C. Fromer and Mark P. McKenna
New York University School of Law and UCLA School of Law
Downloads 426 (131,191)

Abstract:

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design, intellectual property, design patent, trademark, trade dress, copyright, fashion, claims, notice, overlap

19.

The New Copyright Opportunist

67 Journal of the Copyright Society of the U.S.A., p. 1, 2020, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19-49, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-55
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 14 Nov 2019 Last Revised: 02 Jun 2021
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 393 (143,845)
Citation 1

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copyright, opportunist, troll, tattoo, videogame, paparazzi, social media, music

20.

Patentography

New York University Law Review, Vol. 85, p. 1444, 2010, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1565169
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 05 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 380 (149,354)

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patent, Federal Circuit, district courts, venue, geography, forum shopping

21.

An Information Theory of Copyright Law

Emory Law Journal, Vol. 64, p. 71, 2014, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 14-27, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-60
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 25 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 14 Nov 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 341 (168,168)

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copyright, information theory, redundancy, redundant, copyrightability, idea-expression, infringement, fair use

22.

The Role of Creativity in Trademark Law

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 86, p. 1885, 2011, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1972412
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 15 Dec 2011
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 332 (173,117)

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trademark, creativity, distinctive marks, goodwill, good will

23.

Trademark Ownfringement

NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 23-06, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 23-28
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 11 Jan 2023 Last Revised: 08 Jan 2024
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 310 (186,034)

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trademark, infringement, ownership, ownfringement, collaboration, parody, self-parody, confusion, likelihood of confusion

24.

The Unregulated Certification Mark(et)

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 69, p. 121, 2017, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-05, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 17-06
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 03 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 13 Mar 2017
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 274 (211,686)

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certification, certification mark, trademark, antitrust, competition, kosher, film ratings, Swiss watches

25.

Immoral or Scandalous Marks: An Empirical Analysis

NYU Journal of Intellectual Property & Entertainment Law, Vol. 8, p. 169, 2019, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19-09, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-14
Number of pages: 142 Posted: 08 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 28 Jun 2019
Barton Beebe and Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 269 (215,592)
Citation 1

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Brunetti, Supreme Court, immoral or scandalous marks, PTO, trademark, registration, empirical, First Amendment, vagueness, scrutiny

26.

Against Secondary Meaning

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 98, p. 211, 2022, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 22-22, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 22-45
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 27 May 2022 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2022
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 255 (227,439)

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trademark, secondary meaning, distinctiveness, inherent, acquired, Abercrombie, competition, consumer

27.

Market Effects Bearing on Fair Use

Washington Law Review, Vol. 90, p. 615, 2015, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 15-08, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 15-30
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 29 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2015
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 249 (232,794)

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fair use, copyright, Campbell, market effect, market harm, market benefit

28.

The Intellectual Property Clause's External Limitations

Duke Law Journal, Vol. 61, p. 1329, April 2012, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2061233
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 16 May 2012
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 218 (264,537)

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IP Clause, intellectual property, patent, copyright, constitutional law, trade secrecy, antibootlegging

29.

The Compatibility of Patent Law and the Internet

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 78, p. 2783, 2010, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1600864
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 06 May 2010 Last Revised: 14 May 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 213 (270,326)

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patent, Internet, Zittrain, Post, exclusivity, inclusiveness, generativity, Thomas Jefferson, Bilski

30.

An Exercise in Line-Drawing: Deriving and Measuring Fairness in Redistricting

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 93, p. 1547, 2005
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 02 Nov 2004 Last Revised: 22 Sep 2008
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 207 (277,548)

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democracy, election law, redistricting, gerrymandering, legal algorithms, Vieth v. Jubilerer

31.

Forgetting Functionality

University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online, Vol. 166, p. 119 (2017), Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 525, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-33, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 17-41
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 22 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2017
Christopher Buccafusco and Jeanne C. Fromer
Duke University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 188 (302,829)

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Copyright, Patent, Design, Function, Utility, PGS, Useful Articles, Statutory Interpretation, Cheerleading, Dress, Clothing, Garment

32.

The Intellectual Property Clause's Preemptive Effect

Intellectual Property and the Common Law 265 (Shyam Balganesh, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2013) , NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 12-71
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 01 Jan 2015
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 182 (311,700)
Citation 1

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preemption, intellectual property, IP, patent, copyright, IP Clause, Bonito Boats

33.

The Future of Trademarks in a Global Multilingual Economy: Evidence and Lessons from the European Union

Trademark Reporter, Vol. 112, p. 902, 2022, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 23-16, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 23-31
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 18 Jan 2023 Last Revised: 04 May 2023
Barton Beebe and Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 179 (316,343)

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trademark, depletion, crowding, congestion, European Union, registration, global, EUIPO, multilanguage

34.

Dynamic Patent Disclosure

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 69, p. 1715, 2016, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 16-51, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 16-41
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 30 Nov 2016 Last Revised: 14 Dec 2016
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 162 (345,206)
Citation 2

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patent, disclosure, dynamic, commercialization, market, marking, Orange Book

35.

Sixth Circuit Classifies Computer Source Code as Protected Speech: Junger V. Daley, 209 F.3d 481 (6th Cir. 2000)

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 114, p. 1813, 2001
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 23 Sep 2008
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 162 (345,206)

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First Amendment, computer source code, symbolic conduct, Junger v. Daley, Spence v. Washington, protected speech

36.

Looking to Statutory Intertext: Toward the Use of the Rabbinic Biblical Interpretive Stance in American Statutory Interpretation

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 115, p. 1456, 2002
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 23 Sep 2008
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 158 (352,504)

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biblical interpretation, statutory interpretation, intertext

37.

A Legal Tangle of Secrets and Disclosures in Trade: Tabor v. Hoffman and Beyond

Intellectual Property at the Edge: The Contested Contours of IP 271 (Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss and Jane C. Ginsburg, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2014), NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-44, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 13-26
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 10 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 153 (361,986)

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trade secrecy, trade secret, Tabor v. Hoffman, patent, disclosure

38.

Retelling Copyright: The Contributions of the Restatement of Copyright Law

Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts, Vol. 44, p. 341, 2021, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 21-03, Boston Univ. School of Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 26 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2021
Jeanne C. Fromer and Jessica M. Silbey
New York University School of Law and Boston University - School of Law
Downloads 129 (414,453)
Citation 1

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Copyright, Restatement, ALI, American Law Institute

39.

District Courts as Patent Laboratories

UC Irvine Law Review, Vol. 1, p. 307, 2011, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1969534
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 07 Dec 2011
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 87 (546,297)

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patent, patent litigation, district courts, Federal Circuit, Dan Burk, Mark Lemley, patentography

40.

The Federal Circuit's Reach as a Specialized Court Beyond Patent Law

In Improving Intellectual Property. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. 2023 https://doi.org/10.4337/9781035310869.00027, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 24-08, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 24-08
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 27 Sep 2023
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 53 (709,643)

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Federal Circuit, patent, specialized court, copyright, preemption, antitrust

41.

Clean Water Act: Applicability of the Constitutional Doubt Canon: Comment on Solid Waste Agency of Northern Cook County v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 531 U.S. 159 (2001)

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 115, p. 528, 2001
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 23 Sep 2008
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 46 (754,191)

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SWANCC, Clean Water Act, constitutional doubt canon, Chevron, deference, statutory interpretation, agency review

42.

Trade Mark Ownfringement

Singapore Journal of Legal Studies, Sep 2023, pp 342-368
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 10 Jan 2024
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 0 (1,171,826)
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43.

An Integrative Theory of Design and Utility Patents

NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 17-37
Posted: 18 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2024
Jeanne C. Fromer and Christopher Jon Sprigman
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law

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design patent, utility patent, industrial design, industrial organization, form, function