Nicole B. Porter

University of Toledo College of Law

Professor of Law

2801 W. Bancroft Street

Toledo, OH 43606

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

32

DOWNLOADS
Rank 15,115

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 15,115

in Total Papers Downloads

3,091

CITATIONS
Rank 45,043

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 45,043

in Total Papers Citations

3

Scholarly Papers (32)

1.

Sex Plus Age Discrimination: Protecting Older Women Workers

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 81, p. 79, 2003
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 31 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 526 (50,698)

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employment, discrimination, age, sex-plus, ageism, sexism

2.

Debunking the Market Myth in Pay Discrimination Cases

Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2011, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-07
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 25 Jul 2011
Nicole B. Porter and Jessica R. Vartanian
University of Toledo College of Law and United States Courts
Downloads 281 (105,635)

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discrimination, pay gap, market, EPA

3.

Re-Defining Superwoman: An Essay on Overcoming the Maternal Wall in the Legal Workplace

Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy, Vol. 13, p. 55, 2006
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 28 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 232 (128,798)
Citation 1

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lawyers, discrimination, motherhood

4.

The New ADA Backlash

Tennessee Law Review, Forthcoming, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-07
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 23 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 07 May 2014
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 210 (141,767)

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disability, ADA, reasonable accommodation, Amendments, ADAAA, discrimination, employment

5.

Marital Status Discrimination: A Proposal for Title Vii Protection

Wayne Law Review, Vol. 46, p. 1, 2000
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 31 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 131 (213,240)

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marital status, discrimination, Title VII, employment, sex

6.

The Perfect Compromise: Bridging the Gap between At-Will Employment and Just Cause

Nebraska Law Review, Forthcoming, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-06
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 13 Jun 2008
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 129 (215,848)
Citation 1

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employment, at-will, discrimination

7.

The Blame Game: How the Rhetoric of Choice Blames the Achievement Gap on Women

8 FIU L. Rev. 447, 2013, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-01
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 12 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2014
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 126 (219,698)

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8.

Martinizing Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act

Georgia Law Review, Forthcoming, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-27
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 18 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2012
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 125 (221,044)

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disability, reasonable accommodation, employment, ADA

9.

Reasonable Burdens: Resolving the Conflict between Disabled Employees and Their Co-Workers

Florida State University Law Review, Vol. 34, 2007
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 11 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 113 (238,241)
Citation 1

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Disability, employment, discrimination, reasonable accommodation

10.

Victimizing the Abused?: Is Termination the Solution When Domestic Violence Comes to Work?

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law, Vol. 12, p. 275, 2006
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 11 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 103 (254,252)

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domestic violence, discrimination, workplace violence, direct threat, reasonable accommodation

11.

Why Care About Caregivers?: Using Communitarian Theory to Justify Protection of 'Real' Workers

Kansas Law Review, Vol. 58, No. 355, 2010, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-04
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 21 May 2009 Last Revised: 07 Jan 2010
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 98 (262,869)

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discrimination, communitarian, caregiving, gender

12.

Mutual Marginalization: Individuals with Disabilities and Workers with Caregiving Responsibilities

Florida Law Review, Forthcoming, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-09
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 12 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2013
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 86 (285,623)

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disability, caregiving, discrimination, gender, workplace, employment, bias, stigma

13.

Women, Unions, and Negotiation

Nevada Law Journal, 2013, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-01, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 06 Feb 2013
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 82 (294,086)

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women, discrimination, labor, unions, negotiation

14.

Finding a Fix for the FMLA: A New Perspective, a New Solution

Hofstra Labor and Employment Law Journal, Vol. 31, No. 327, 2014, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-01
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 09 Jan 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 80 (298,408)

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FMLA, gender, employment, sex, leave, ADA, disability, equality

15.

Choices, Bias, and the Value of the Paycheck Fairness Act: A Response Essay

29 ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law 429 (2014), University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-05
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Jan 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 77 (305,237)

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pay, gender, sex, equality, choice, glass ceiling, discrimination, bias

16.

Relieving (Most of) the Tension: A Review Essay of Samuel R. Bagenstos, Law & the Contradictions of the Disability Rights Movement

Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 20, 2011, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-06
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 02 Dec 2010 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2011
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 76 (307,584)

Abstract:

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disability, discrimination

17.

Embracing Caregiving and Respecting Choice: An Essay on the Debate Over Changing Gender Norms

Southwestern University Law Review, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2011, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-06
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 18 Feb 2012
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 75 (309,871)

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caregiving, social norms, gender norms, work/family balance, employment

18.

Withdrawn Accommodations

Drake Law Review, Vol. 63, No. 885, 2015, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-15
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 05 Sep 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 68 (327,173)

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disability, accommodation, ADA, employment, discrimination

19.

Special Treatment Stigma after the ADA Amendments Act

Pepperdine Law Review, Forthcoming, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-08
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 21 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 64 (337,744)

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disability, stigma, accommodation, discrimination, equality, special treatment, ADA, workplace, employers

20.

A New Look at the ADA's Undue Hardship Defense

Missouri Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 09 Feb 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 61 (346,005)

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ADA, Disability, Reasonable Accommodation, Undue Hardship, Employment, Special Treatment Stigma, Withdrawn Accommodations, Cost

21.

Synergistic Solutions: An Integrated Approach to Solving the Caregiver Conundrum for ‘Real’ Workers

Stetson Law Review, Vol. 39, p. 775, 2010, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-06
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 07 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2010
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 53 (370,080)

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discrimination, gender, caregiving, pregnancy, reform

22.

Caregiver Conundrum Redux: The Entrenchment of Structural Norms

91 Denver University Law Review, 963 (2014), University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-12
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 28 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 42 (407,465)

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discrimination, gender, sex, caregiving, accommodation, caregivers, workplace, employees, ADA

23.

What Disability Means to Me: When the Personal and Professional Collide

5 HLRe: Off the Record 119 (Houston Law Review's Online Companion), 2015, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-13
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 21 Mar 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 38 (422,791)

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disability, stigma, accommodation, discrimination, ADA

24.

Cumulative Hardship

George Mason Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 15 Sep 2017
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 37 (426,818)

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ADA, Accommodation, Disability, Employment, Undue Hardship, Reasonable Accommodation, Stigma

25.

A Defining Moment: Why Achieving Positive Employment Outcomes for Individuals with Disabilities Requires a Universal Definition of Disability — A Review of Disability & Equity at Work

Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal, Vol. 18, No. 289, 2015, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-18
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 05 Sep 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 34 (439,060)

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discrimination, employment, workplace, disability, universal

26.

A Proposal to Improve the Workplace Law Curriculum from a Corporate Compliance Perspective

St. Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 58, p. 155, 2013, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-06
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 23 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 23 Nov 2014
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 34 (439,060)

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discrimination, pedagogy, labor law, workplace law, curriculum, transactional skills

27.

Mixed Signals: What Can We Expect From the Supreme Court in This Post-ADA Amendments Act Era?

Touro Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 09 Feb 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 28 (466,390)

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Disability, Reasonable Accommodation, ADA, Americans With Disabilities Act, ADAAA, Discrimination, Supreme Court, IDEA, Education

28.

An Ambitious Approach: A Review of Lifetime Disadvantage, Discrimination and the Gendered Workforce

Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal, Vol. 22, No. 125, 2018, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Feb 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 23 (492,893)

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Gender, Employment, Discrimination, Pregnancy, Title VII, FMLA, Comparative Law

29.

Ending Harassment By Starting with Retaliation

Stanford Law Review Online, Vol. 71, No. 49, 2018, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 04 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 21 (504,123)

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harassment, employment, discrimination, women, retaliation

30.

Accommodating Everyone

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 47, No. 85, 2016
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 15 Sep 2017
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 17 (526,863)

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ADA, Gender, Disability, Care-giving, Accommodations, Structural Norms, Universal, Special Treatment, Stigma, Employees, Reasonable Accommodations

31.

Mothers with Disabilities

Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law & Justice, Vol. 33, No. 75, 2018, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 04 Feb 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 13 (549,990)

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Discrimination, Disability, Family Law, ADA, Children, Workplace

32.

The Difficulty Accommodating Health Care Workers

9 Saint Louis University Journal of Health Law & Policy 1 (2015)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Sep 2017
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 8 (579,644)

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Disability, ADA, Reasonable Accommodations, Employment, Discrimination, Health Care, Workers, Stigma, Special Treatment, ADA Amendments Act