Nicole B. Porter

University of Toledo College of Law

Professor of Law

2801 W. Bancroft Street

Toledo, OH 43606

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

36

DOWNLOADS
Rank 14,590

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 14,590

in Total Papers Downloads

3,589

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 38,672

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 38,672

in Total Papers Citations

5

CROSSREF CITATIONS

12

Scholarly Papers (36)

1.

Sex Plus Age Discrimination: Protecting Older Women Workers

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 81, p. 79, 2003
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 31 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 551 (53,654)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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employment, discrimination, age, sex-plus, ageism, sexism

2.

Debunking the Market Myth in Pay Discrimination Cases

Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2011
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 25 Jul 2011
Nicole B. Porter and Jessica R. Vartanian
University of Toledo College of Law and United States Courts
Downloads 295 (112,030)

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discrimination, pay gap, market, EPA

3.

Re-Defining Superwoman: An Essay on Overcoming the Maternal Wall in the Legal Workplace

Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy, Vol. 13, p. 55, 2006
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 28 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 238 (139,854)
Citation 1

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lawyers, discrimination, motherhood

4.

The New ADA Backlash

Tennessee Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 23 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 07 May 2014
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 222 (149,677)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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disability, ADA, reasonable accommodation, Amendments, ADAAA, discrimination, employment

5.

A New Look at the ADA's Undue Hardship Defense

Missouri Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 09 Feb 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 199 (165,782)

Abstract:

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ADA, Disability, Reasonable Accommodation, Undue Hardship, Employment, Special Treatment Stigma, Withdrawn Accommodations, Cost

6.

Marital Status Discrimination: A Proposal for Title Vii Protection

Wayne Law Review, Vol. 46, p. 1, 2000
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 31 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 145 (218,105)

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marital status, discrimination, Title VII, employment, sex

7.

The Perfect Compromise: Bridging the Gap between At-Will Employment and Just Cause

Nebraska Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 13 Jun 2008
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 132 (235,040)

Abstract:

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employment, at-will, discrimination

8.

The Blame Game: How the Rhetoric of Choice Blames the Achievement Gap on Women

8 FIU L. Rev. 447, 2013
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 12 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2014
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 129 (239,178)

Abstract:

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9.

Martinizing Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act

Georgia Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 18 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2012
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 127 (241,993)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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disability, reasonable accommodation, employment, ADA

10.

Reasonable Burdens: Resolving the Conflict between Disabled Employees and Their Co-Workers

Florida State University Law Review, Vol. 34, 2007
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 11 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 115 (260,476)

Abstract:

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Disability, employment, discrimination, reasonable accommodation

11.

Why Care About Caregivers?: Using Communitarian Theory to Justify Protection of 'Real' Workers

Kansas Law Review, Vol. 58, No. 355, 2010
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 21 May 2009 Last Revised: 07 Jan 2010
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 108 (272,365)

Abstract:

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discrimination, communitarian, caregiving, gender

12.

Victimizing the Abused?: Is Termination the Solution When Domestic Violence Comes to Work?

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law, Vol. 12, p. 275, 2006
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 11 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 104 (279,584)
Citation 1

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domestic violence, discrimination, workplace violence, direct threat, reasonable accommodation

13.

Mutual Marginalization: Individuals with Disabilities and Workers with Caregiving Responsibilities

Florida Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 12 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2013
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 90 (306,958)
Citation 1

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disability, caregiving, discrimination, gender, workplace, employment, bias, stigma

14.

Withdrawn Accommodations

Drake Law Review, Vol. 63, No. 885, 2015
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 05 Sep 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 87 (313,720)

Abstract:

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disability, accommodation, ADA, employment, discrimination

15.

Choices, Bias, and the Value of the Paycheck Fairness Act: A Response Essay

29 ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law 429 (2014)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Jan 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 87 (313,720)

Abstract:

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pay, gender, sex, equality, choice, glass ceiling, discrimination, bias

16.

Finding a Fix for the FMLA: A New Perspective, a New Solution

Hofstra Labor and Employment Law Journal, Vol. 31, No. 327, 2014
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 09 Jan 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 85 (318,263)

Abstract:

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FMLA, gender, employment, sex, leave, ADA, disability, equality

17.

Women, Unions, and Negotiation

Nevada Law Journal, 2013
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 06 Feb 2013
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 85 (318,263)

Abstract:

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women, discrimination, labor, unions, negotiation

18.

Relieving (Most of) the Tension: A Review Essay of Samuel R. Bagenstos, Law & the Contradictions of the Disability Rights Movement

Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 20, 2011
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 02 Dec 2010 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2011
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 78 (334,958)

Abstract:

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disability, discrimination

19.

Embracing Caregiving and Respecting Choice: An Essay on the Debate Over Changing Gender Norms

Southwestern University Law Review, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 18 Feb 2012
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 77 (337,528)

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caregiving, social norms, gender norms, work/family balance, employment

20.

Special Treatment Stigma after the ADA Amendments Act

Pepperdine Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 21 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 69 (358,755)

Abstract:

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disability, stigma, accommodation, discrimination, equality, special treatment, ADA, workplace, employers

21.

Synergistic Solutions: An Integrated Approach to Solving the Caregiver Conundrum for ‘Real’ Workers

Stetson Law Review, Vol. 39, p. 775, 2010
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 07 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2010
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 56 (398,559)

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discrimination, gender, caregiving, pregnancy, reform

22.

Ending Harassment By Starting with Retaliation

Stanford Law Review Online, Vol. 71, No. 49, 2018
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 04 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 48 (426,598)

Abstract:

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harassment, employment, discrimination, women, retaliation

23.

Cumulative Hardship

George Mason Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 15 Sep 2017
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 46 (434,236)

Abstract:

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ADA, Accommodation, Disability, Employment, Undue Hardship, Reasonable Accommodation, Stigma

24.

Caregiver Conundrum Redux: The Entrenchment of Structural Norms

91 Denver University Law Review, 963 (2014)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 28 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 45 (438,029)

Abstract:

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discrimination, gender, sex, caregiving, accommodation, caregivers, workplace, employees, ADA

25.

Mixed Signals: What Can We Expect From the Supreme Court in This Post-ADA Amendments Act Era?

Touro Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 09 Feb 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 41 (458,456)

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Disability, Reasonable Accommodation, ADA, Americans With Disabilities Act, ADAAA, Discrimination, Supreme Court, IDEA, Education

26.

Relationships and Retaliation in the #MeToo Era

Florida Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 20 Oct 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 40 (458,456)

Abstract:

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employment, Title VII, retaliation, discrimination, feminism, relationship, harassment, sexual harassment

27.

A Defining Moment: Why Achieving Positive Employment Outcomes for Individuals with Disabilities Requires a Universal Definition of Disability — A Review of Disability & Equity at Work

Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal, Vol. 18, No. 289, 2015
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 05 Sep 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 40 (458,456)

Abstract:

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discrimination, employment, workplace, disability, universal

28.

What Disability Means to Me: When the Personal and Professional Collide

5 HLRe: Off the Record 119 (Houston Law Review's Online Companion), 2015
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 21 Mar 2015
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 40 (458,456)

Abstract:

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disability, stigma, accommodation, discrimination, ADA

29.

Explaining 'Not Disabled' Cases Ten Years After the ADAAA: A Story of Ignorance, Incompetence, and Possibly Animus

Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law Policy, Vol. 26, No. 383, 2019
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 Jun 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 39 (462,694)

Abstract:

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30.

A Proposal to Improve the Workplace Law Curriculum from a Corporate Compliance Perspective

St. Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 58, p. 155, 2013
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 23 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 23 Nov 2014
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 35 (480,312)

Abstract:

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discrimination, pedagogy, labor law, workplace law, curriculum, transactional skills

31.

An Ambitious Approach: A Review of Lifetime Disadvantage, Discrimination and the Gendered Workforce

Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal, Vol. 22, No. 125, 2018
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Feb 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 34 (484,995)

Abstract:

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Gender, Employment, Discrimination, Pregnancy, Title VII, FMLA, Comparative Law

32.

Mothers with Disabilities

Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law & Justice, Vol. 33, No. 75, 2018
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 04 Feb 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 33 (489,809)

Abstract:

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Discrimination, Disability, Family Law, ADA, Children, Workplace

33.

Accommodating Everyone

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 47, No. 85, 2016
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 15 Sep 2017
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 26 (526,613)

Abstract:

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ADA, Gender, Disability, Care-giving, Accommodations, Structural Norms, Universal, Special Treatment, Stigma, Employees, Reasonable Accommodations

34.

Disabling ADA Retaliation Claims

Nevada Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 21 Oct 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 19 (569,791)

Abstract:

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disability, ADA, retaliation, employment, discrimination, empirical, study

35.

Adverse Employment Actions in Failure-to-Accommodate Claims: Much Ado About Nothing

NYU L. Rev. Online, 2019
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 23 Sep 2019
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 15 (595,461)

Abstract:

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disability, ADA, discrimination, reasonable accommodation, employment

36.

The Difficulty Accommodating Health Care Workers

9 Saint Louis University Journal of Health Law & Policy 1 (2015)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Sep 2017
Nicole B. Porter
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 9 (636,514)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Disability, ADA, Reasonable Accommodations, Employment, Discrimination, Health Care, Workers, Stigma, Special Treatment, ADA Amendments Act