John Mikhail

Georgetown University Law Center

Carroll Professor of Jurisprudence

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20001

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

38

DOWNLOADS
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Top 1,165

in Total Papers Downloads

28,496

SSRN CITATIONS

37

CROSSREF CITATIONS

65

Scholarly Papers (38)

1.

Universal Moral Grammar: Theory, Evidence, and the Future

Trends in Cognitive Sciences, April 2007, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 954398
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 02 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2017
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 4,038 (2,934)
Citation 5

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moral cognition, moral intuition, moral grammar, universal grammar, universal moral grammar, deontic logic, poverty of the stimulus, Socratic method, trolley problem, battery, double effect, descriptive adequacy, act tree, Chomsky, Marr, Greene, Haidt, Sunstein, legal theory, intuitive jurisprudence

2.

Rawls' Linguistic Analogy: A Study of the 'Generative Grammar' Model of Moral Theory Described by John Rawls in 'A Theory of Justice.' (Phd Dissertation, Cornell University, 2000)

Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 766464
Number of pages: 388 Posted: 28 Jul 2005 Last Revised: 04 May 2009
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 3,137 (4,543)
Citation 19

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Rawls, Chomsky, Piaget, Kohlberg, Foot, Thomson, Hare, Singer, Nagel, Dworkin, moral psychology, metaethics, deontic logic, cognitive science, trolley problem, jurisprudence, moral grammar, human rights

3.

Moral Grammar and Intuitive Jurisprudence: A Formal Model of Unconscious Moral and Legal Knowledge

THE PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING AND MOTIVATION: MORAL COGNITION AND DECISION MAKING, D. Medin, L. Skitka, C. W. Bauman, D. Bartels, eds., Vol. 50, Academic Press, 2009, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 1163422
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 23 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 29 Dec 2008
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,646 (13,030)
Citation 1

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cognitive science, moral grammar, moral heuristics, intuitive jurisprudence, legal realism, legal formalism, appraisal theory, deontic logic, tort, battery, negligence, Hand Formula, calculus of risk, unconscious inference, Kant, Savigny, Brentano, Frege, Bentham, Mill, Goldman, Terry

4.

Aspects of the Theory of Moral Cognition: Investigating Intuitive Knowledge of the Prohibition of Intentional Battery and the Principle of Double Effect

Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 762385, Georgetown Law and Economics Research Paper No. 762385
Number of pages: 129 Posted: 27 Jul 2005
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,556 (14,220)
Citation 4

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Moral cognition, moral intuition, trolley problem, battery, double effect, linguistic analogy, universal grammar, moral grammar, Chomsky, Kohlberg, Piaget, Greene

5.

The Definition of 'Emolument' in English Language and Legal Dictionaries, 1523-1806

Number of pages: 159 Posted: 01 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2017
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,394 (16,948)
Citation 2

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6.

Law, Science, and Morality: A Review of Richard Posner's 'the Problematics of Moral and Legal Theory'

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 54, p. 1057, 2002, Georgetown Law and Economics Research Paper No. 877011, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 877011
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 24 Jan 2006
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,329 (18,209)
Citation 3

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moral theory, legal theory, cognitive science, human rights, pragmatism, Quill, Glucksberg, Posner, Dworkin, Rawls, Chomsky, Thomson

7.

Moral Grammar and Human Rights: Some Reflections on Cognitive Science and Enlightenment Rationalism

UNDERSTANDING SOCIAL ACTION, PROMOTING HUMAN RIGHTS, Ryan Goodman, Derek Jinks, & Andrew K. Woods, eds., Oxford University Press, 2012, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 11-124
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 09 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2012
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,300 (18,778)
Citation 1

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human rights, cognitive science, experimental philosophy, Enlightenment rationalism, moral grammar, international law, relativism, moral intuitions, Ignatieff, Rorty, Ryle, MacIntyre, Freud, Durkheim, Sumner, Benedict, Posner, Bork, Holmes, Chomsky, De Waal, Grotius, Aristotle

8.

The Poverty of the Moral Stimulus

MORAL PSYCHOLOGY, THE EVOLUTION OF MORALITY, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, ed., Vol. 1, MIT Press, Forthcoming, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 896388
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 19 Apr 2006
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,290 (19,001)
Citation 1

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moral cognition, moral intuition, moral grammar, universal grammar, nativism, innate, jurisprudence, crime, tort, contract, agency, human rights, Locke, Hume, Rawls, Chomsky, Fodor

9.

Chomsky and Moral Philosophy

The Cambridge Companion to Chomsky (J. McGilvray, ed., 2nd edition), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 09 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 02 Jul 2017
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,168 (22,077)
Citation 1

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Chomsky, Plato, Cicero, Aquinas, Grotius, Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, Leibniz, Hume, Kant, Darwin, Wittgenstein, Williams, Kripke, moral competence, moral grammar, Universal Grammar, UG, UMG, mentalism, modularity, nativism, poverty of the stimulus, conscience, synderesis, conscientia, natural law

10.

Moral Cognition and Computational Theory

MORAL PSYCHOLOGY: THE NEUROSCIENCE OF MORALITY, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, ed., Vol. 3, MIT Press, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 1029511
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 13 Nov 2007
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,046 (25,944)

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Marr, Greene, Haidt, Chomsky, Bentham, moral cognition, moral grammar, computational theory, trolley problem, deontic judgment, deontic logic, act tree, battery

11.

Islamic Rationalism and the Foundation of Human Rights

PLURALISM AND LAW: Proceedings of the 20th IVR Congress, Arend Soeteman, ed., Global Problems, Vol. 3, pp. 61-70, March 2005, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 777026
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Aug 2005
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,039 (26,179)

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Human rights, rationalism, nativism, empiricism, deontic logic, natural liberty, practical reason, Mutazilite, Abd' al-Jabbar, Hourani, Aquinas, Ockham, Suarez, Leibniz, Langdell

12.

Review of Patricia S. Churchland, 'Braintrust: What Neuroscience Tells Us About Morality'

Ethics, Vol. 123, No. 2, 2013, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 13-007
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 29 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 20 Sep 2014
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,032 (26,432)

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Churchland, Darwin, Hume, Aristotle, Plato, morality, nativism, epistemology, computation, rules, neurobiology, care, attachment, norms, genes, evolution

13.

Rawls' Concept of Reflective Equilibrium and its Original Function in 'A Theory of Justice'

Washington University Jurisprudence Review, Vol. 3, p. 1, 2010, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 11-103
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 27 Jul 2011
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,007 (27,454)

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reflective equilibrium, legal theory, moral theory, law and psychology

14.

Emotion, Neuroscience, and Law: A Comment on Darwin and Greene

Emotion Review, Forthcoming, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 11-26
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 14 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2012
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 977 (28,586)

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emotion, neuroscience, law, intuition, computation, rules, crime, tort, battery, rape, murder, Darwin, Kant, Spencer, Greene

15.

Moral Heuristics or Moral Competence? Reflections on Sunstein

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 557-558, 2005, Georgetown Law and Economics Research Paper No. 879827, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 879827
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 31 Jan 2006
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 875 (33,416)
Citation 4

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Sunstein, Rawls, heuristics, moral heuristics, moral competence, mental representation, trolley problem, cognitive science, human rights

16.

Is the Prohibition of Homicide Universal? Evidence from Comparative Criminal Law

Symposium, Brooklyn Law Review, Forthcoming, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 10-21
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2010
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 738 (42,215)
Citation 4

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moral universals, homicide, comparative law, universal jurisprudence, cognitive science, anthropology, evolutionary psychology, justification, excuse, mens rea, intent, self-defense, necessity, insanity, duress, provocation, moral grammar, human rights

17.

'Plucking the Mask of Mystery from its Face': Jurisprudence and H.L.A. Hart

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 95, p. 733, 2007, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 978307
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 05 Apr 2007
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 627 (52,439)

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Hart, Lacey, Bentham, Austin, Devlin, Goodhart, Wittgenstein, Chomsky, Rawls, Ryle, Quine, jurisprudence, philosophy, linguistics, cognitive science, legal positivism, empiricism, moral grammar, universal grammar, universal jurisprudence, human rights

18.

The Constitution and the Philosophy of Language: Entailment, Implicature, and Implied Powers

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 101, No. 4, 2015
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 24 May 2015 Last Revised: 11 Jun 2015
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 461 (76,951)

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James Wilson, Charles Beard, James Madison, Gouverneur Morris, Paul Grice, constitution, implication, implicature, entailment, semantics, pragmatics, implied powers, enumerated powers, preamble, vesting clause, necessary and proper clause, sweeping clause, tenth amendment, originalism

19.

The Necessary and Proper Clauses

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 102, No. 4, 2014
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 18 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2014
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 394 (92,414)

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James Wilson, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, John Marshall, James Madison, Edmund Randolph, John Rutledge, necessary and proper, implied powers, inherent powers, enumerated powers, sweeping clause, Virginia Plan, Committee of Detail, Committee of Style

20.

Scottish Common Sense and Nineteenth-Century American Law: A Critical Appraisal

Law and History Review, Vol. 26, No. 1, Spring 2008, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 1076702
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 19 Dec 2007 Last Revised: 25 Apr 2008
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 281 (133,995)

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Common Sense, Scottish Enlightenment, moral agent, legal responsibility, common law, medical jurisprudence, insanity, moral faculty, Thomas Reid, Benjamin Rush, James Wilson, David Hoffman, Francis Wayland, Noah Porter, Isaac Ray, Jeremy Bentham, John Austin, John Locke, Adam Ferguson

21.

Any Animal Whatever? Harmful Battery and its Elements as Building Blocks of Moral Cognition

Ethics, Vol. 124, 2014
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 03 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 06 Mar 2014
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 271 (139,093)
Citation 3

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22.

The Mental Representation of Human Action

Cognitive Science, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 03 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 02 Jul 2018
Sydney Levine, Alan Leslie and John Mikhail
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Rutgers University, New Brunswick and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 270 (139,608)

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Moral Judgment, Act Trees, Moral Grammar, Human Action, Intention

23.

New Perspectives on Moral Cognition: Reply to Zimmerman, Enoch, and Chemla, Egré & Schlenker

Jersusalem Review of Legal Studies (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 17 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 10 Oct 2013
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 266 (141,811)
Citation 1

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24.

The Free Exercise of Religion: An American Perspective

EIN NEUR KAMPF DER RELIGIONEN? STAAT, RECHT UND RELIGIOSE TOLERANZ, Matthias Mahlmann and Hubert Rottleuthner, eds., Duncker & Humboldt, Berlin, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Sep 2007
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 248 (152,076)

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religion, religious liberty, free exercise, accommodation, Reynolds, Cantwell, Sherbert, Yoder, Smith, Lukumi, Islamic, Muslim, headscarf, laicite, RFRA, hybrid, free expression, neutrality, anti-discrimination

25.

Two Types of Empirical Textualism

Brooklyn Law Review , Forthcoming
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 15 Dec 2020
Kevin Tobia and John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 225 (167,020)
Citation 1

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Textualism, Originalism, Bostock, Statutory Interpretation, Legal Interpretation, Experimental Jurisprudence

26.

Dilemmas of Cultural Legality: A Comment on Roger Cotterrell's 'The Struggle for Law' and a Criticism of the House of Lords' Opinions in Begum

International Journal of Law in Context, Vol. 4, pp. 385-393, 2009, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 1506242
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 15 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2009
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 211 (177,445)

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human rights, civil liberties, religious freedom, discrimination, Shabina Begum, Edward Said, Lon Fuller, Patricia Williams, Islamic headscarf, autonomy, equality, orientalism

27.

Moral Intuitions and Moral Nativism

The Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology (M. Vargas & J. Doris, Eds.), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 15 Dec 2020
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 185 (200,062)

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Moral Intuitions, Moral Nativism, Moral Grammar, Moral Psychology, Moral Development, Moral Universals, Cognitive Neuroscience, Legal Anthropology, Intuitive Jurisprudence, Deontic Modality, Empathy, Altruism, Plato, Descartes, Hume, Kant, Darwin

28.

The Other Madison Problem

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1691, 89 Fordham L. Rev. 2033 (2021)
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 22 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 11 May 2021
David S. Schwartz and John Mikhail
University of Wisconsin Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 163 (223,055)

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James Madison, Constitutional Convention, national legislative veto, federal negative, Federalist 10, extended republic, Vices of the Political System, federalism, imperium in imperio, Madison Problem, Father of the Constitution, Federalists

29.

The 2018 Seegers Lecture: Emoluments and President Trump

Valparaiso University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 15 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2019
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 157 (230,207)

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emolument, profit, gain, advantage, corruption, conflict of interest, foreign influence, Trump

30.

Fixing Implied Constitutional Powers in the Founding Era

Constitutional Commentary (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 02 Dec 2019
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 146 (244,442)

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31.

Does Originalism Have a Natural Law Problem?

Law and History Review, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp. 361-367 (2021)
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 02 Jul 2021
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 140 (252,772)

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32.

James Wilson, Early American Land Companies, and the Original Meaning of 'Ex Post Facto Law'

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2019
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 25 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 26 May 2019
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 140 (252,772)
Citation 1

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33.

McCulloch v. Maryland, Slavery, the Preamble, and the Sweeping Clause

Constitutional Commentary (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 16 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 02 Jun 2021
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 139 (254,243)

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David Schwartz, McCulloch v. Maryland, John Marshall, slavery, Preamble, Sweeping Clause, Necessary and Proper Clause, ratification, amendments, abolition, national bank, United States v. Fisher, implied powers

34.

Knowledge, Belief, and Moral Psychology

Behavioral and Brain Sciences (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 28 Dec 2020
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 136 (258,681)

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35.

A Tale of Two Sweeping Clauses

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 13 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2018
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 135 (260,095)

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36.

Is the Constitution a Power of Attorney or a Corporate Charter? A Commentary on 'A Great Power of Attorney': Understanding the Fiduciary Constitution' by Gary Lawson and Guy Seidman

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 23 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2019
John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 121 (282,369)

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37.

Presumed Innocent? How Tacit Assumptions of Intentional Structure Shape Moral Judgment

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 10 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 17 Oct 2018
Sydney Levine, John Mikhail and Alan Leslie
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University, New Brunswick
Downloads 116 (290,925)
Citation 2

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moral development, moral cognition, moral grammar, theory of mind, intention inference, goal inference, presumption of innocence, prior knowledge, core knowledge, infant cognition, double effect, mens rea, trolley problem

38.

The Federalist Constitution: Foreword

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1699, 89 Fordham L. Rev. 1669 (2021)
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 12 May 2021
University of Wisconsin Law School, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Georgetown University Law Center and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 92 (339,590)

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Constitutional Law, Federalists, Legal History, Founding Fathers, Jeffersonian-Republican, Jacksonian-Democratic, Political Parties, Interpretation