Stephen B. Billings

University of Colorado - Boulder

Associate Professor of Real Estate

Leeds School of Business

Koelbel Building

Boulder, CO US 80309

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

30

DOWNLOADS
Rank 16,580

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 16,580

in Total Papers Downloads

5,761

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 5,942

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 5,942

in Total Papers Citations

267

CROSSREF CITATIONS

44

Scholarly Papers (30)

1.

Let the Rich Be Flooded: The Distribution of Financial Aid and Distress after Hurricane Harvey

Journal of Financial Economics (JFE), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 13 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2021
Stephen B. Billings, Emily Gallagher and Lowell Ricketts
University of Colorado - Boulder, University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Downloads 1,759 (19,117)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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inequality, financial constraint, bankruptcy, student debt, natural disaster, FEMA, SBA, wealth effects

2.

Parental Arrest and Incarceration: How Does it Impact the Children?

Number of pages: 63 Posted: 11 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2019
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 892 (51,489)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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parental incarceration

3.

Human Capital Investment After the Storm

The Review of Financial Studies
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 19 May 2020 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2022
Emily Gallagher, Stephen B. Billings and Lowell Ricketts
University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Finance, University of Colorado - Boulder and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Downloads 423 (132,195)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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student debt, household finance, financial constraint, wealth shock, natural disaster, FEMA, higher education

Smoking Gun? Linking Gun Ownership to Neighborhood Crime

Number of pages: 63 Posted: 19 May 2020 Last Revised: 29 Jun 2022
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 306 (187,327)

Abstract:

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Guns; Neighborhood Crime; Concealed Handgun Permits

Smoking Gun? Linking Gun Ownership to Crime Victimization

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 05 May 2022 Last Revised: 21 May 2023
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 103 (492,882)
Citation 8

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Neighborhood Crime, Victimization, Gun Ownership

5.
Downloads 277 (209,190)
Citation 35

Partisan Residential Sorting on Climate Change Risk

Number of pages: 71 Posted: 11 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2021
Asaf Bernstein, Stephen B. Billings, Matthew Gustafson and Ryan Lewis
University of Colorado at Boulder, University of Colorado - Boulder, Pennsylvania State University - Smeal College of Business and University of Colorado, Boulder
Downloads 239 (241,169)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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residential sorting, climate change, sea level rise, real estate, politics

Partisan Residential Sorting on Climate Change Risk

NBER Working Paper No. w27989
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 27 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2023
Asaf Bernstein, Stephen B. Billings, Matthew Gustafson and Ryan Lewis
University of Colorado at Boulder, University of Colorado - Boulder, Pennsylvania State University - Smeal College of Business and University of Colorado, Boulder
Downloads 38 (833,167)
Citation 35

Abstract:

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6.

The Erosion of Homeownership and Minority Wealth

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 08 Dec 2023
Stephen B. Billings and Adam Soliman
University of Colorado - Boulder and London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Downloads 256 (226,432)

Abstract:

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homeownership, racial wealth gap, institutional investors

7.

Measuring Agglomeration: Which Estimator Should We Use?

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 23 Nov 2015
Stephen B. Billings and Erik Barry Johnson
University of Colorado - Boulder and University of Alabama - Department of Economics, Finance and Legal Studies
Downloads 238 (243,273)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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agglomeration; spatial statistics

8.

Hanging Out With the Usual Suspects: Neighborhood Peer Effects and Recidivism

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 19 Mar 2018
Stephen B. Billings and Kevin Schnepel
University of Colorado - Boulder and The University of Sydney
Downloads 188 (302,733)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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Crime, Recidivism, Peer Effects, Social Spillovers, Social Interaction

9.

Local Option, Alcohol and Crime

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 29 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2015
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 183 (310,021)

Abstract:

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alcohol policy, local option, crime

10.

Win or Lose: Residential Sorting After a School Choice Lottery

Review of Economics and Statistics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 22 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 10 Mar 2020
Andrew Bibler and Stephen B. Billings
University of Nevada, Las Vegas and University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 161 (346,828)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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11.

The Housing and Educational Consequences of the School Choice Provisions of NCLB: Evidence from Charlotte, NC

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 06 Dec 2014
Stephen B. Billings, Eric J. Brunner and Stephen L. Ross
University of Colorado - Boulder, University of Connecticut and University of Connecticut - Department of Economics
Downloads 157 (354,330)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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housing market, residential mobility, failing schools

12.

Do Enterprise Zones Work? An Analysis at the Borders

Public Finance Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 11 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 13 Mar 2009
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 148 (371,883)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Enterprise Zones, State and Local Economic Development, Taxes and Location of Economic Activity

Disparate Racial Impacts of Shelby County V. Holder on Voter Turnout

IZA Discussion Paper No. 15829
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 23 Dec 2022
Stephen B. Billings, Noah Braun, Daniel Jones and Ying Shi
University of Colorado - Boulder, University of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh - Graduate School of Public & International Affairs and Syracuse University - Department of Public Administration and International Affairs
Downloads 89 (543,838)

Abstract:

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Voting Rights Act, political participation

Disparate Racial Impacts of Shelby County V. Holder on Voter Turnout

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 Jun 2023
Stephen B. Billings, Noah Braun, Daniel Jones and Ying Shi
University of Colorado - Boulder, University of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh - Graduate School of Public & International Affairs and Syracuse University - Department of Public Administration and International Affairs
Downloads 44 (786,776)

Abstract:

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Voting Rights Act, political participation

The Value of a Healthy Home: Lead Paint Remediation and Housing Values

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Dec 2015
Stephen B. Billings and Kevin Schnepel
University of Colorado - Boulder and The University of Sydney
Downloads 77 (595,093)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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lead exposure, lead paint, lead hazard control, environmental quality, urban environmental health

The Value of a Healthy Home: Lead Paint Remediation and Housing Values

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10873
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 10 Jul 2017
Stephen B. Billings and Kevin Schnepel
University of Colorado - Boulder and The University of Sydney
Downloads 39 (825,138)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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lead paint exposure, lead hazard remediation, value of environmental health risk, urban environmental health

15.

Life after Lead: Effects of Early Interventions for Children Exposed to Lead

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10872
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 10 Jul 2017
Stephen B. Billings and Kevin Schnepel
University of Colorado - Boulder and The University of Sydney
Downloads 98 (506,325)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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early childhood intervention, early health shocks, lead exposure, human capital formation

16.

The School to Prison Pipeline: Long-Run Impacts of School Suspensions on Adult Crime

NBER Working Paper No. w26257
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 18 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2023
Andrew Bacher-Hicks, Stephen B. Billings and David Deming
Harvard University, University of Colorado - Boulder and Academic Dean, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 76 (591,545)
Citation 9

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The Death of Retail and Neighborhood Amenities

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 13 Feb 2024
Stephen B. Billings, Shawn Rohlin and Tingyu Zhou
University of Colorado - Boulder, Kent State University - Department of Economics and Florida State University
Downloads 47 (765,058)

Abstract:

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retail bankruptcy, house prices, local amenities

The Death of Retail and Neighborhood Amenities

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 14 Feb 2024
Tingyu Zhou, Stephen B. Billings and Shawn Rohlin
Florida State University, University of Colorado - Boulder and Kent State University - Department of Economics
Downloads 11 (1,104,325)

Abstract:

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big box retail, neighborhood amenities, housing prices

18.

School Segregation, Educational Attainment and Crime: Evidence from the End of Busing in Charlotte-Mecklenburg

NBER Working Paper No. w18487
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 20 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 08 Jul 2023
University of Colorado - Boulder, Academic Dean, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance
Downloads 40 (796,486)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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19.

Partners in Crime: Schools, Neighborhoods and the Formation of Criminal Networks

NBER Working Paper No. w21962
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 08 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 06 Jul 2023
Stephen B. Billings, David Deming and Stephen L. Ross
University of Colorado - Boulder, Academic Dean, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and University of Connecticut - Department of Economics
Downloads 35 (834,765)
Citation 20

Abstract:

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20.

Schools, Neighborhoods, and the Long-Run Effect of Crime-Prone Peers

NBER Working Paper No. w25730
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 08 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 22 Apr 2023
Stephen B. Billings and Mark Hoekstra
University of Colorado - Boulder and Texas A&M University - Department of Economics
Downloads 31 (868,136)

Abstract:

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21.

The Long-Run Effects of School Racial Diversity on Political Identity

NBER Working Paper No. w27302
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 09 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 06 Feb 2022
Stephen B. Billings, Eric Chyn and Kareem Haggag
University of Colorado - Boulder, University of Texas at Austin and Carnegie Mellon University - Department of Social and Decision Sciences
Downloads 27 (903,737)
Citation 26

Abstract:

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22.

The Scale and Nature of Neighborhood Effects on Children

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 03 Jan 2024
Mark Hoeskstra, Stephen B. Billings and Gabriel Rotger
Baylor University, University of Colorado - Boulder and VIVE - The Danish Center for Social Science Research
Downloads 20 (972,095)

Abstract:

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Neighborhood Effects, education, crime, Mental Health, Peer Effects

23.

Self-Interest in Public Service: Evidence from School Board Elections

NBER Working Paper No. w29791
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 28 Feb 2022 Last Revised: 27 May 2023
Stephen B. Billings, Hugh Macartney, Geunyong Park and John D. Singleton
University of Colorado - Boulder, Duke University - Department of Economics, University of Rochester and University of Rochester - Department of Economics
Downloads 11 (1,065,749)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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24.

Does School Choice Increase Crime?

NBER Working Paper No. w30936
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 13 Feb 2023 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2023
Andrew Bibler, Stephen B. Billings and Stephen L. Ross
University of Nevada, Las Vegas, University of Colorado - Boulder and University of Connecticut - Department of Economics
Downloads 10 (1,075,800)
Citation 1
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25.

The Scale and Nature of Neighborhood Effects on Children: Evidence from a Danish Social Housing Experiment

NBER Working Paper No. w30764
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 21 Dec 2022 Last Revised: 14 Apr 2023
Stephen B. Billings, Mark Hoekstra and Gabriel Rotger
University of Colorado - Boulder, Texas A&M University - Department of Economics and VIVE - The Danish Center for Social Science Research
Downloads 8 (1,095,604)
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Abstract:

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26.

Selection into Public Service: Evidence from School Board Elections

Number of pages: 69 Posted: 09 May 2024
Geunyong Park, Stephen B. Billings, John D. Singleton and Hugh Macartney
National University of Singapore (NUS) - NUS Business School, University of Colorado - Boulder, University of Rochester - Department of Economics and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 6 (1,114,483)

Abstract:

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School boards, House prices, Elections, School attendance zone

27.

An Anti-IV Approach for Pricing Residential Amenities: Applications to Flood Risk *

Number of pages: 75
Alex Bell, Stephen B. Billings, Sophie Calder-Wang and Shusheng Zhong
Georgia State University - Department of Economics, University of Colorado - Boulder, University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School and Northwestern University
Downloads 1

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Hedonic Pricing, Unobserved Quality, Amenities, Flood Risk R32, C39, Q51, Q54, R21

28.

Hedonic Amenity Valuation and Housing Renovations

Real Estate Economics, Forthcoming
Posted: 22 Jul 2014
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder

Abstract:

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renovations, amenity valuation

29.

Financing Residential Development with Special Districts

Real Estate Economics, Forthcoming
Posted: 12 Aug 2011
Stephen B. Billings and Thomas G. Thibodeau
University of Colorado - Boulder and University of Colorado at Boulder - Leeds School of Business

Abstract:

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financing infrastructure, special districts, property tax capitalization

Intrametropolitan Decentralization: Is Government Structure Capitalized in Residential Property Values?

Posted: 09 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2012
Stephen B. Billings and Thomas G. Thibodeau
University of Colorado - Boulder and University of Colorado at Boulder - Leeds School of Business

Abstract:

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Intrametropolitan Decentralization: Is Government Structure Capitalized in Residential Property Values?

Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2011
Posted: 09 Feb 2011
Stephen B. Billings and Thomas G. Thibodeau
University of Colorado - Boulder and University of Colorado at Boulder - Leeds School of Business

Abstract:

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Government structure, Capitalization, Border matched repeat sales