Ross Levine

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

Willis H. Booth Chair in Banking and Finance

545 Student Services Building, #1900

2220 Piedmont Avenue

Berkeley, CA 94720

United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

119

DOWNLOADS
Rank 92

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 92

in Total Papers Downloads

99,651

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 13

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 13

in Total Papers Citations

1,780

CROSSREF CITATIONS

10,735

Scholarly Papers (119)

1.

Does Foreign Direct Investment Accelerate Economic Growth?

U of Minnesota Department of Finance Working Paper
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 23 Jun 2002
Maria V. Carkovic and Ross Levine
Institute for Business Innovation and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 16,700 (189)
Citation 149

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Foreign Direct Investment, Economic Growth, International Finance

2.

The Regulation and Supervision of Banks Around the World: A New Database

University of Minnesota Financial Studies Working Paper No. 0006; World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2588
Number of pages: 88 Posted: 10 Apr 2001
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 4,757 (1,839)
Citation 6

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3.

Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1678
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 4,488 (2,041)
Citation 72

Abstract:

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4.

Bank-Based and Market-Based Financial Systems: Cross-Country Comparisons

World Bank Policy Working Paper No. 2143
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 4,475 (2,052)
Citation 8

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5.
Downloads 3,424 ( 3,252)
Citation 473

Bank Regulation and Supervision: What Works Best?

Univ. of Minnesota, Carlson School of Management; World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2725
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 17 May 2001
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 3,265 (3,446)
Citation 47

Abstract:

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Bank Regulation and Supervision: What Works Best?

NBER Working Paper No. w9323
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 15 Nov 2002 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2010
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 159 (201,838)
Citation 30

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6.
Downloads 3,258 ( 3,530)
Citation 45

Stock Markets, Banks, and Economic Growth

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1690; A1.213 Working Paper No. 297
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 06 Jan 2005
Ross Levine and Sara Zervos
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank
Downloads 3,258 (3,456)
Citation 45

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Stock Markets, Banks, and Economic Growth

American Economic Review, Vol. 88, pp. 537-558, 1998
Posted: 25 Jul 2000
Ross Levine and Sara Zervos
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank

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7.

Financial Institutions and Markets Across Countries and Over Time - Data and Analysis

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4943
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 3,147 (3,763)
Citation 6

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Debt Markets, Emerging Markets, Banks & Banking Reform, Economic Theory & Research

8.

The Corporate Governance of Banks: A Concise Discussion of Concepts and Evidence

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3404
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 3,111 (3,836)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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9.

A New Database on Financial Development and Structure

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2146
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 2,471 (5,641)
Citation 31

Abstract:

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10.

Finance, Financial Sector Policies, and Long-Run Growth

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4469
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 2,250 (6,611)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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Debt Markets, Access to Finance, Emerging Markets, Economic Theory & Research

11.

Financial Regulation and Performance: Cross-Country Evidence

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2037
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 2,182 (6,940)

Abstract:

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12.

Banking Systems Around the Globe: Do Regulation and Ownership Affect Performance and Stability?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2325
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 2,071 (7,582)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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13.

Finance and the Sources of Growth

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2057
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Thorsten Beck, Ross Levine and Norman Loayza
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 2,068 (7,609)
Citation 45

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14.
Downloads 2,047 ( 7,755)
Citation 56

Financial Intermediation and Growth: Causality and Causes

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2059
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 27 Oct 2000
Ross Levine, Norman Loayza and Thorsten Beck
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, World Bank - Research Department and City University London - Sir John Cass Business School
Downloads 2,047 (7,600)
Citation 56

Abstract:

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Financial Intermediation and Growth: Causality and Causes

Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 46, pp. 31-77, August 2000
Posted: 10 Oct 2000
Ross Levine, Norman Loayza and Thorsten Beck
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, World Bank - Research Department and City University London - Sir John Cass Business School

Abstract:

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Financial development, economic growth, legal system

Bank-Based or Market-Based Financial Systems: Which is Better?

William Davidson Institute Working Paper No. 442
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 27 Apr 2002
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,917 (8,506)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Banks, Stock Markets, Law, Economic Growth

Bank-Based or Market-Based Financial Systems: Which is Better?

NBER Working Paper No. w9138
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 15 Sep 2002 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2008
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 108 (273,233)
Citation 16

Abstract:

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16.

Law, Politics, and Finance

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2585
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 25 May 2001
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,840 (9,279)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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17.

Stock Market Development and Financial Intermediaries: Stylized Facts

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1462
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,696 (10,588)
Citation 75

Abstract:

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18.

Stock Markets, Banks, and Growth: Correlation or Causality

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2670; Carlson School of Management Working Paper
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 30 Jul 2001
Thorsten Beck and Ross Levine
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,561 (12,049)

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19.

Small and Medium Enterprises, Growth, and Poverty: Cross-Country Evidence

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3178
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
World Bank - Development Research Group, City University London - Sir John Cass Business School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,560 (12,032)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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20.

Benchmarking Financial Systems Around the World

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6175
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank - Development Research Group, World Bank - Finance & Markets Global Practice and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,492 (12,933)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Debt Markets, Emerging Markets, Access to Finance, Banks & Banking Reform, Economic Theory & Research

21.
Downloads 1,452 ( 13,524)
Citation 74

Bank Governance, Regulation, and Risk Taking

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 11 Jun 2008
Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,325 (15,273)
Citation 70

Abstract:

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financial economics, corporate finance, financial institutions, government policy

Bank Governance, Regulation, and Risk Taking

NBER Working Paper No. w14113
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 22 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2010
Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 127 (242,340)

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22.
Downloads 1,326 ( 15,573)
Citation 114

Finance, Firm Size, and Growth

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3485
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Jan 2005
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 815 (31,344)
Citation 13

Abstract:

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Firm Size, Financial Development, Economic Growth

Finance, Firm Size and Growth

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 08 Dec 2004
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 430 (72,182)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Firm size, financial development, economic growth

Finance, Firm Size, and Growth

NBER Working Paper No. w10983
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 15 Dec 2004 Last Revised: 07 Jul 2010
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 81 (329,935)
Citation 11

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23.
Downloads 1,312 ( 15,827)
Citation 82

Governance and Bank Valuation

EFA 2004 Maastricht Meetings Paper No. 1699; World Bank Working Paper No. 3202
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 02 Jan 2004
Gerard Caprio, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
Williams College, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,249 (16,724)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Governance and Bank Valuation

NBER Working Paper No. w10158
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 23 Dec 2003
Gerard Caprio, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
Williams College, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 63 (380,328)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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24.

It's Not Factor Accumulation: Stylized Facts and Growth Models

Number of pages: 60 Posted: 25 May 2001
William Easterly and Ross Levine
New York University - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,242 (17,188)
Citation 83

Abstract:

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Economic Growth, Factor Accumulation, Total Factor Productivity, Increasing Returns

25.

Bank Regulations are Changing: For Better or Worse?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4646
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,232 (17,401)
Citation 5

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Banks & Banking Reform, Access to Finance, Debt Markets, Emerging Markets

26.
Downloads 1,055 ( 21,955)
Citation 143

New Data, New Doubts: Revisiting 'Aid, Policies, and Growth'

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 26
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 01 Oct 2003
William Easterly, Ross Levine and David Roodman
New York University - Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Center for Global Development
Downloads 850 (29,547)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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foreign aid, growth, policy

New Data, New Doubts: A Comment on Burnside and Dollar's "Aid, Policies, and Growth" (2000)

NBER Working Paper No. w9846
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 21 Jul 2003 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2009
William Easterly, Ross Levine and David Roodman
New York University - Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Center for Global Development
Downloads 205 (160,584)
Citation 32

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New Data, New Doubts: A Comment on Burnside and Dollar's 'Aid, Policies, and Growth' (2000)

American Economic Review, Forthcoming
Posted: 01 Oct 2003
William Easterly, Ross Levine and David Roodman
New York University - Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Center for Global Development

Abstract:

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foreign aid, growth, policy

27.

Stock Market Development and Long-Run Growth

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1582
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Sara Zervos and Ross Levine
World Bank and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,054 (21,979)
Citation 13

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28.
Downloads 1,016 ( 23,229)
Citation 152

International Financial Integration and Economic Growth

Journal of International Money and Finance, Vol. 21, November 2002
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 16 Jul 2002
International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Research Department, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Research Department and Deutsche Bank, New York
Downloads 770 (33,873)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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International Finance, Economic Growth, Foreign Direct Investment, Portfolio Investment, Developing Countries

International Financial Integration and Economic Growth

IMF Working Paper No. 02/145
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 01 Feb 2006
International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Research Department, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Research Department and Deutsche Bank, New York
Downloads 189 (173,243)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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International Finance, Economic Growth, Foreign Direct Investment, Portfolio Investment, Developing Countries

International Financial Integration and Economic Growth

NBER Working Paper No. w9164
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 15 Sep 2002 Last Revised: 28 Oct 2010
International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Research Department, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Research Department and Deutsche Bank, New York
Downloads 57 (400,151)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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Regulations, Market Structure, Institutions, and the Cost of Financial Intermediation

Number of pages: 65 Posted: 31 Jul 2003
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 874 (28,374)
Citation 2

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banks, regulation, policies, institutions, concentration, interest margins

Regulations, Market Structure, Institutions, and the Cost of Financial Intermediation

NBER Working Paper No. w9890
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 05 Aug 2003 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2010
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 72 (353,687)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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30.
Downloads 912 ( 27,140)
Citation 19

Bank Concentration and Crises

University of Minnesota Carlson School of Management Working Paper; and World Bank Policy Research Paper No. 3041
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 13 Aug 2003
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 811 (31,546)

Abstract:

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Industrial Structure, Banking System Fragility, Regulation

Bank Concentration and Crises

NBER Working Paper No. w9921
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Aug 2003 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2010
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 101 (286,363)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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31.

Big Bad Banks? The Winners and Losers from Bank Deregulation in the United States

Journal of Finance, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 12 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2010
Thorsten Beck, Ross Levine and Alexey Levkov
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Brown University - Department of Economics
Downloads 899 (27,708)
Citation 24

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Financial Institutions, Government Policy and Regulation, Income Inequality

32.

Financial Structure and Economic Development: Firm, Industry, and Country Evidence

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2423
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
University of Maryland - Robert H. Smith School of Business, City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 865 (29,235)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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33.
Downloads 864 ( 29,285)
Citation 70

Legal Institutions and Financial Development

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3136
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Thorsten Beck and Ross Levine
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 649 (42,725)

Abstract:

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Legal Institutions and Financial Development

NBER Working Paper No. w10126
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 21 Apr 2004 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2010
Thorsten Beck and Ross Levine
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 186 (175,790)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Legal Institutions and Financial Development

NBER Working Paper No. w10417
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 20 Jun 2012
Thorsten Beck and Ross Levine
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 29 (522,735)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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34.
Downloads 829 ( 31,107)
Citation 317

Law and Finance: Why Does Legal Origin Matter?

University of Minnesota Working Paper; World Bank Policy Research Paper No. 2904
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 10 Feb 2003
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 771 (33,800)
Citation 2

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Law and Finance: Why Does Legal Origin Matter?

NBER Working Paper No. w9379
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 09 Dec 2002 Last Revised: 31 Oct 2010
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 58 (396,704)
Citation 50

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Law and Finance: Why Does Legal Origin Matter?

Journal of Comparative Economics, Vol. 31, No. 4, December 2003
Posted: 09 Jun 2004
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

Abstract:

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Law, Financial development

35.

Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence

NBER Working Paper No. w10766
Number of pages: 118 Posted: 29 Sep 2004
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 717 (37,863)
Citation 75

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36.
Downloads 714 ( 38,089)
Citation 239

Stock Markets, Banks, and Growth: Panel Evidence

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 23 Jun 2002
Thorsten Beck and Ross Levine
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 639 (43,620)
Citation 1

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Economic Growth, Stock Markets, Banks

Stock Markets, Banks, and Growth: Panel Evidence

NBER Working Paper No. w9082
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 26 Jul 2002 Last Revised: 01 Aug 2002
Thorsten Beck and Ross Levine
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 75 (345,503)
Citation 29

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37.

The Impact of Bank Regulations, Concentration, and Institutions on Bank Margins

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3030
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 666 (41,862)
Citation 1

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38.

Africa's Growth Tragedy: A Retrospective, 1960-89

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1777
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
William Easterly and Ross Levine
New York University - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 654 (42,907)

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39.
Downloads 653 ( 43,006)
Citation 24

Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations

ECGI - Finance Working Paper No. 164/2007
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 01 Apr 2008
Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 362 (88,406)
Citation 25

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Corporate Governance, Large shareholders, Blockholders

Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations

IMF Working Paper No. 07/140
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Aug 2007
Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 259 (127,601)

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Working Paper, Corporate governance

Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations

NBER Working Paper No. w12675
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 20 Nov 2006 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2010
Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 32 (506,018)

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40.
Downloads 622 ( 45,847)
Citation 192

Finance, Inequality, and Poverty: Cross-Country Evidence

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3338
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 491 (61,290)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Finance, Inequality, and Poverty: Cross-Country Evidence

NBER Working Paper No. w10979
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 25 May 2006 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2010
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 131 (236,608)
Citation 41

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41.
Downloads 604 ( 47,760)
Citation 3

Competition and Bank Liquidity Creation

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 15 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2017
Liangliang Jiang, Ross Levine and Chen Lin
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics
Downloads 573 (50,466)

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Competition, Bank Liquidity Creation, Bank Deregulation

Competition and Bank Liquidity Creation

NBER Working Paper No. w22195
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 02 May 2016
Liangliang Jiang, Ross Levine and Chen Lin
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics
Downloads 31 (511,334)
Citation 3

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42.

Finance and Economic Opportunity

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4468
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 574 (50,901)

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Access to Finance, Banks & Banking Reform, Emerging Markets, Debt Markets

43.
Downloads 571 ( 51,413)
Citation 5

Corporate Immunity to the COVID-19 Pandemic

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 17 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 22 Apr 2020
Wenzhi Ding, Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 545 (53,757)

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Corporate Resilience; COVID-19; Financial Risk; Supply Chain; CSR; Governance; Ownership

Corporate Immunity to the Covid-19 Pandemic

NBER Working Paper No. w27055
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 28 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 06 May 2020
Wenzhi Ding, Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 26 (547,390)
Citation 4

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44.

The Evolution and Impact of Bank Regulations

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6288
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 553 (53,283)

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Banks & Banking Reform, Access to Finance, Debt Markets, Public Sector Corruption & Anticorruption Measures, Emerging Markets

45.
Downloads 548 ( 53,877)
Citation 45

Law and Firms' Access to Finance

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3194
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 29 Jul 2004
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 490 (61,454)
Citation 1

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Legal system, judicial independence, corporate finance

Law and Firms' Access to Finance

NBER Working Paper No. w10687
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 08 Sep 2004 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2010
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 58 (396,704)
Citation 3

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46.
Downloads 542 ( 54,670)
Citation 12

Bank Supervision and Corporate Finance

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3042
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 484 (62,399)

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Bank supervision, Corporate governance, Financing obstacles

Bank Supervision and Corporate Finance

NBER Working Paper No. w9620
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 11 Apr 2003
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 58 (396,704)

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Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 15
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 12 Aug 2002
William Easterly and Ross Levine
New York University - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 319 (102,084)
Citation 4

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economic development, geographic endowments, institutions

Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development

NBER Working Paper No. w9106
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 16 Aug 2002 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2002
William Easterly and Ross Levine
New York University - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 221 (149,548)
Citation 14

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48.
Downloads 518 ( 57,927)
Citation 46

Finance and Inequality: Theory and Evidence

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4967
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 477 (63,561)
Citation 8

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Access to Finance, Economic Theory & Research, Debt Markets, Inequality

Finance and Inequality: Theory and Evidence

NBER Working Paper No. w15275
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 25 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2010
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 41 (462,567)

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Finance and Inequality: Theory and Evidence

Annual Review of Financial Economics, Vol. 1, pp. 287-318, 2009
Posted: 04 Jun 2010
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

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49.
Downloads 514 ( 58,621)
Citation 3

Insider Trading and Innovation

Number of pages: 77 Posted: 23 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 13 Aug 2016
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Lai Wei
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and Lingnan University - Department of Finance and Insurance
Downloads 496 (60,629)

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Insider Trading, Financial Regulation, Patents, Finance and Economic Growth

Insider Trading and Innovation

NBER Working Paper No. w21634
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 12 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2015
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Lai Wei
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and Lingnan University - Department of Finance and Insurance
Downloads 18 (595,358)
Citation 2

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50.

Capital Control Liberalization and Stock Market Development

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1622
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Ross Levine and Sara Zervos
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank
Downloads 484 (63,054)
Citation 2

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Bank Regulation and Supervision in 180 Countries from 1999 to 2011

Number of pages: 111 Posted: 19 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2014
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 424 (73,405)
Citation 4

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financial institutions, Government Policy and Regulation, Comparative Financial Systems

Bank Regulation and Supervision in 180 Countries from 1999 to 2011

NBER Working Paper No. w18733
Number of pages: 112 Posted: 26 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 03 Feb 2013
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 42 (458,207)
Citation 24

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52.
Downloads 413 ( 76,487)
Citation 29

Financial Innovation and Endogenous Growth

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Sep 2009
Brown University - Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and European Central Bank (ECB)
Downloads 210 (156,963)

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Invention, Economic Growth, Corporate Finance, Financial Institutions, Technological Change, Entrepreneurship

Financial Innovation and Endogenous Growth

HOOVER IP² Working Paper Series No. 14002
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 23 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 06 Sep 2014
European Central Bank (ECB), University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Brown University - Department of Economics
Downloads 157 (204,021)
Citation 2

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screening, financial intermediation, invention, economic growth, corporate finance, technological change, entrepreneurship

Financial Innovation and Endogenous Growth

NBER Working Paper No. w15356
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 21 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Brown University - Department of Economics, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 43 (453,903)

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Financial Innovation and Endogenous Growth

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP7465
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 07 Oct 2009
European Central Bank (ECB), University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Brown University - Department of Economics
Downloads 3 (709,405)
Citation 5
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Corporate Finance, Economic Growth, Entrepreneurship, Financial Institutions, Invention, Technological change

53.
Downloads 411 ( 77,104)
Citation 15

Competition and Bank Opacity

Review of Financial Studies, forthcoming
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 11 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 12 Feb 2016
Liangliang Jiang, Ross Levine and Chen Lin
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics
Downloads 339 (95,589)

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Earnings management; Financial accounting; Bank deregulation; Corporate Governance

Competition and Bank Opacity

HKIMR Working Paper No.05/2016
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 26 Apr 2016
Liangliang Jiang, Ross Levine and Chen Lin
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics
Downloads 57 (400,151)

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Competition and Bank Opacity

NBER Working Paper No. w20760
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 22 Dec 2014
Liangliang Jiang, Ross Levine and Chen Lin
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics
Downloads 15 (616,658)
Citation 5

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Internationalization and the Evolution of Corporate Valuation

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3933
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 27 Dec 2004
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 362 (88,406)
Citation 1

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Internationalization and the Evolution of Corporate Valuation

NBER Working Paper No. w11023
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 01 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 16 Aug 2010
Ross Levine and Sergio L. Schmukler
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 47 (437,242)

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55.

New Firm Formation and Industry Growth: Does Having a Market- or Bank-Based System Matter?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2383
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Thorsten Beck and Ross Levine
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 383 (83,419)

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Financial Structure, Economic Growth, External Finance

Smart and Illicit: Who Becomes an Entrepreneur and Does It Pay?

Number of pages: 71 Posted: 24 Aug 2013
Ross Levine and Yona Rubinstein
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Management
Downloads 258 (128,140)
Citation 22

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Entrepreneurship; Self-employment; Occupational choice, Compensation, Firm organization, Corporate finance, Cognitive and Noncognitive traits

Smart and Illicit: Who Becomes an Entrepreneur and Do They Earn More?

NBER Working Paper No. w19276
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 10 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 08 Oct 2014
Ross Levine and Yona Rubinstein
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Management
Downloads 81 (329,935)
Citation 22

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57.
Downloads 329 ( 99,182)
Citation 40

The Evolving Importance of Banks and Securities Markets

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5805
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Erik Feyen and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group, World Bank - Finance & Markets Global Practice and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 244 (135,620)
Citation 2

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Debt Markets, Economic Theory & Research, Banks & Banking Reform, Markets and Market Access, Access to Finance

The Evolving Importance of Banks and Securities Markets

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Jun 2012
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Erik Feyen and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group, World Bank - Finance & Markets Global Practice and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 54 (410,826)
Citation 1

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Financial development, economic development, banks, capital markets, financial structure

The Evolving Importance of Banks and Securities Markets

NBER Working Paper No. w18004
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 21 Apr 2012
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Erik Feyen and Ross Levine
World Bank - Development Research Group, World Bank - Finance & Markets Global Practice and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 31 (511,334)
Citation 6

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58.

Law, Endowment, and Finance

NBER Working Paper No. w9089
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 01 Aug 2002 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2002
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 293 (112,535)
Citation 13

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The Governance of Financial Regulation: Reform Lessons from the Recent Crisis

BIS Working Paper No. 329
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 01 Dec 2010
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 290 (113,149)
Citation 15

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Financial Institutions, Regulation, Policy, Financial Crisis

The Governance of Financial Regulation: Reform Lessons from the Recent Crisis

International Review of Finance, Vol. 12, Issue 1, pp. 39-56, 2012
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 14 Mar 2012
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1 (734,816)
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60.

An Autopsy of the U.S. Financial System: Accident, Suicide, or Negligent Homicide?

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 15 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2010
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 281 (117,712)
Citation 2

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Financial Institutions, Regulation, Policy, Financial Crisis

Migration, Spillovers, and Trade Diversion: The Impact of Internationalization on Stock Market Liquidity

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3046
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 26 May 2003
Ross Levine and Sergio L. Schmukler
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 244 (135,620)
Citation 2

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International finance, globalization, cross-listing, ADRs, GDRs

Migration, Spillovers,And Trade Diversion: The Impact of Internationalization on Stock Market Liquidity

NBER Working Paper No. w9614
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Apr 2003
Ross Levine and Sergio L. Schmukler
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 26 (540,945)
Citation 2

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62.
Downloads 250 (132,930)
Citation 21

An Empirical Examination of Patent Hold-Up

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 02 Apr 2015
Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Stanford University - Hoover Institution and Political Science and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 228 (144,997)
Citation 1

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Innovation, Patents, Standard Essential Patents, Trolls, Non-practicing entity

An Empirical Examination of Patent Hold-Up

NBER Working Paper No. w21090
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 13 Apr 2015
Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Stanford University - Hoover Institution and Political Science and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 22 (567,617)
Citation 6

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Corporate Resilience to Banking Crises: The Roles of Trust and Trade Credit

Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (JFQA), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 19 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2018
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 215 (154,167)
Citation 1

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Banking crises; Trade credit; Social trust; Corporate finance; Firm employment

Corporate Resilience to Banking Crises: The Roles of Trust and Trade Credit

NBER Working Paper No. w22153
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 11 Apr 2016
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 16 (609,448)
Citation 4

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64.

Smes, Growth, and Poverty

NBER Working Paper No. w11224
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 04 May 2005 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2010
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 217 (152,531)

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Is There a Diversification Discount in Financial Conglomerates?

NBER Working Paper No. w11499
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 01 Sep 2005 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2005
Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 168 (192,414)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Is There a Diversification Discount in Financial Conglomerates?

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5121
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 10 Aug 2005
Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 29 (522,735)
Citation 26
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Corporate diversification, banking, economies of scope, agency costs

66.

The African Slave Trade and Modern Household Finance

Economic Journal, Conditional Acceptance
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 08 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 03 Oct 2019
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 181 (181,136)

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Financial Institutions; Household Finance; History and Finance

67.
Downloads 181 (180,244)
Citation 1

Does Competition Affect Bank Risk?

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 13 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2018
Liangliang Jiang, Ross Levine and Chen Lin
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics
Downloads 161 (199,666)

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Competition, Bank Risk Taking, Bank Deregulation

Does Competition Affect Bank Risk?

NBER Working Paper No. w23080
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 23 Jan 2017
Liangliang Jiang, Ross Levine and Chen Lin
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics
Downloads 20 (581,262)
Citation 1

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The Valuation Effects of Geographic Diversification: Evidence from U.S. Banks

IMF Working Paper No. NO.12/50
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 28 Feb 2012
Luc Laeven, Martin Richard Goetz and Ross Levine
European Central Bank (ECB), Goethe University Frankfurt and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 162 (199,666)

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Geographic Corporate Diversification, Agency Problems, Economies Of Scope, Corporate Insiders, Corporate Valuation, Banking, Commercial Banks, Financial Economics

The Valuation Effects of Geographic Diversification: Evidence from U.S. Banks

NBER Working Paper No. w17660
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 17 Dec 2011
Martin Richard Goetz, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
Goethe University Frankfurt, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 17 (602,533)

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69.

Misdiagnosis: Incomplete Cures of Financial Regulatory Failures

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 30 Jul 2014
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 178 (182,952)
Citation 4

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Regulation, Supervision, Systemic Risk, Financial Crises, Central Banking

Big Bad Banks? The Impact of U.S. Branch Deregulation on Income Distribution

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4330
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Thorsten Beck, Ross Levine and Alexey Levkov
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Brown University - Department of Economics
Downloads 137 (228,248)

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Emerging Markets, Economic Theory & Research, Inequality, Fiscal & Monetary Policy

Big Bad Banks? The Impact of U.S. Branch Deregulation on Income Distribution

NBER Working Paper No. W13299
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 16 Aug 2007
Thorsten Beck, Ross Levine and Alexey Levkov
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Brown University - Department of Economics
Downloads 39 (471,623)
Citation 6

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71.

The Sentinel: Improving the Governance of Financial Regulation

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 05 Nov 2009
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 167 (193,267)
Citation 7

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Financial Intermediation, Government Policy, Political Economy, Regulation, Crisis

Spare Tire? Stock Markets, Banking Crises, and Economic Recoveries

Journal of Financial Economics (JFE), Vol. 120, No. 1, 2016
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 12 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2018
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 148 (214,429)
Citation 2

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Shareholder protection laws, Corporate finance, Financial crises, Firm profits, Firm investment choices

Spare Tire? Stock Markets, Banking Crises, and Economic Recoveries

NBER Working Paper No. w20863
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Jan 2015
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 16 (609,448)

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73.
Downloads 157 (203,721)
Citation 27

The European Origins of Economic Development

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 12 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2014
William Easterly and Ross Levine
New York University - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 98 (292,194)
Citation 1

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Institutions, Human Capital, Political Economy, Natural Resources

The European Origins of Economic Development

NBER Working Paper No. w18162
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 16 Jun 2012
William Easterly and Ross Levine
New York University - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 59 (393,357)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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74.
Downloads 155 (205,880)
Citation 2

Racial Discrimination and Competition

Number of pages: 58 Posted: 13 Aug 2009
Ross Levine, Alexey Levkov and Yona Rubinstein
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, Brown University - Department of Economics and Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics
Downloads 106 (276,876)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Racial Discrimination and Competition

NBER Working Paper No. w14273
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 27 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Ross Levine, Alexey Levkov and Yona Rubinstein
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, Brown University - Department of Economics and Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics
Downloads 49 (429,384)

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Competition Laws and Corporate Innovation

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 19 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 24 Mar 2020
Ross Levine, Chen Lin, Lai Wei and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, Lingnan University - Department of Finance and Insurance and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 136 (229,582)

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Innovation, Technological Change, Antitrust law, Antitrust policies

Competition Laws and Corporate Innovation

NBER Working Paper No. w27253
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 02 Jun 2020
Ross Levine, Chen Lin, Lai Wei and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, Lingnan University - Department of Finance and Insurance and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 8 (669,231)
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How Firms Use Domestic and International Corporate Bond Markets

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6209
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Independent, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 109 (271,406)

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Debt Markets, Emerging Markets, Markets and Market Access, Microfinance, Currencies and Exchange Rates

How Firms Use Domestic and International Corporate Bond Markets

NBER Working Paper No. w17763
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 21 Jan 2012
Independent, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 23 (560,786)

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Cross-Border Acquisitions and Labor Regulations

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 29 May 2015
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Beibei Shen
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and Shanghai University of Finance and Economics
Downloads 107 (275,008)

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Cross-border mergers and acquisitions, Multinational firms, International business, Labor standards, Labor market regulations

Cross-Border Acquisitions and Labor Regulations

NBER Working Paper No. w21245
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 08 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2015
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Beibei Shen
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and Shanghai University of Finance and Economics
Downloads 20 (581,262)

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Capital Market Financing, Firm Growth, and Firm Size Distribution

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7353
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
World Bank, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 84 (322,617)

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Private Sector Economics, Economic Growth, Marketing, Economic Theory & Research, Industrial Economics, Private Sector Development Law

Capital Market Financing, Firm Growth, and Firm Size Distribution

HKIMR Working Paper No.17/2015
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 01 Sep 2015
World Bank, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 41 (462,567)

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Access to Finance, Bond Markets, Capital Market Development, Capital Raisings, Firm Dynamics, Firm Financing, Stock Markets

Communication Within Banking Organizations and Small Business Lending

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 17 May 2019 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2020
Ross Levine, Chen Lin, Qilin Peng and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 119 (256,251)

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Small Business Credit, Banking Organization, Communication, Soft Information

Communication within Banking Organizations and Small Business Lending

NBER Working Paper No. w25872
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 28 May 2019
Ross Levine, Chen Lin, Qilin Peng and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, The University of Hong Kong and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 5 (692,357)
Citation 1
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80.
Downloads 114 (261,449)
Citation 2

Bank Liquidity, Credit Supply and the Environment

Number of pages: 70 Posted: 28 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2020
Ross Levine, Chen Lin, Zigan Wang and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, The University of Hong Kong - School of Economics and Finance and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 100 (288,247)
Citation 4

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Bank Liquidity Gains, Pollution, Toxic Emissions

Bank Liquidity, Credit Supply, and the Environment

NBER Working Paper No. w24375
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 06 Mar 2018
Ross Levine, Chen Lin, Zigan Wang and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, The University of Hong Kong - School of Economics and Finance and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 14 (624,155)

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81.
Downloads 109 (269,973)
Citation 21

Patterns of International Capital Raisings

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4687
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 90 (308,759)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Debt Markets, Emerging Markets, Economic Theory & Research, Access to Finance, Microfinance

Patterns of International Capital Raisings

NBER Working Paper No. w14961
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 19 May 2009 Last Revised: 04 Jul 2010
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 19 (588,323)

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82.

An Autopsy of the U.S. Financial System

NBER Working Paper No. w15956
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 03 May 2010 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2010
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 106 (275,248)

Abstract:

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83.

Industry Growth and Capital Allocation: Does Having a Market- or Bank-Based System Matter?

NBER Working Paper No. w8982
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 07 Jun 2002 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2010
Thorsten Beck and Ross Levine
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 100 (286,336)
Citation 20

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84.

Policy, Technology Adoption, and Growth

NBER Working Paper No. w4681
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 29 Dec 2000
New York University - Department of Economics, Boston University - Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management
Downloads 100 (286,336)

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85.

Bank Networks and Acquisitions

Management Science, 2019
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 08 Aug 2019
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Zigan Wang
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The University of Hong Kong - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 94 (298,035)

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Mergers and Acquisitions; Value Creation; Synergies

86.

Competition Laws, Norms and Corporate Social Responsibility

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 21 May 2020 Last Revised: 30 Jun 2020
Wenzhi Ding, Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 82 (324,499)

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Competition Laws; Antitrust; Corporate Social Responsibility; Social Norms

87.

Bank Concentration and Fragility: Impact and Mechanics

NBER Working Paper No. w11500
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 01 Sep 2005 Last Revised: 24 Jul 2009
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 80 (329,286)
Citation 1

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88.

For Whom are We Building the American Dream?

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 03 Apr 2015
James R. Barth, Ross Levine and Moutusi Sau
Auburn University, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Milken Institute
Downloads 77 (336,729)

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Housing Finance, Housing reform, Homeownership

89.
Downloads 75 (341,891)

Law, Endowments, and Property Rights

NBER Working Paper No. w11502
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 25 May 2006 Last Revised: 08 Jun 2007
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 75 (345,503)
Citation 4

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Law, Endowments and Property Rights

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 18, No. 3, Summer 2005
Posted: 17 May 2006
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

Abstract:

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Does the Geographic Expansion of Bank Assets Reduce Risk?

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 11 Dec 2014
Martin Richard Goetz, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
Goethe University Frankfurt, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 63 (380,328)

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Banking; Bank Regulation; Financial Stability; Risk; Hedging; Business Cycles; Industrial Structure

Does the Geographic Expansion of Bank Assets Reduce Risk?

NBER Working Paper No. w20758
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 22 Dec 2014
Martin Richard Goetz, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
Goethe University Frankfurt, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
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91.

Deposit Supply and Bank Transparency

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 15 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 18 Jan 2019
Liangliang Jiang, Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 72 (349,780)

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Bank Transparency, Information Production, Deposit Supply

92.
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Citation 9

Financial Development in 205 Economies, 1960 to 2010

NBER Working Paper No. w18946
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 06 Apr 2013
International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank - Development Research Group, World Bank - Finance & Markets Global Practice and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 44 (449,547)
Citation 1

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Financial Development in 205 Economies, 1960 to 2010

Journal of Financial Perspectives, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2013
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 29 Nov 2017
International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank - Development Research Group, World Bank - Finance & Markets Global Practice and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 28 (528,633)
Citation 1

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93.

Bank Supervision and Corruption in Lending

NBER Working Paper No. w11498
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 01 Sep 2005
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 65 (369,395)
Citation 10

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Internationalization and Stock Market Liquidity

NBER Working Paper No. w11894
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 05 Feb 2006 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2010
Ross Levine and Sergio L. Schmukler
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 48 (433,282)
Citation 2

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Internationalization and Stock Market Liquidity

Review of Finance, Vol. 10, Issue 1, pp. 153-187, 2006
Posted: 01 Sep 2008
Ross Levine and Sergio L. Schmukler
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

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95.

Debtors at Play: Gaming Behavior and Consumer Credit Risk

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 30 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 09 Oct 2019
Shuaishuai Gong, Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 40 (457,435)

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Behavioral finance, Video game, Self-control, Credit risk

Social Distancing and Social Capital: Why U.S. Counties Respond Differently to COVID-19

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Jun 2020
Wenzhi Ding, Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 28 (540,945)

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Public Health, Public Goods, Crisis Management, Externalities

Social Distancing and Social Capital: Why U.S. Counties Respond Differently to Covid-19

NBER Working Paper No. w27393
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 22 Jun 2020
Wenzhi Ding, Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 11 (646,615)

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97.

Pollution and Human Capital Migration: Evidence from Corporate Executives

NBER Working Paper No. w24389
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 12 Mar 2018
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Zigan Wang
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The University of Hong Kong - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 39 (461,652)

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Liberty for More: Finance and Educational Opportunities

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 24 Aug 2013
Ross Levine and Yona Rubinstein
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Management
Downloads 25 (547,390)

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Bank regulation, Human capital, Educational finance, Inequality

Liberty for More: Finance and Educational Opportunities

NBER Working Paper No. w19380
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 31 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2013
Ross Levine and Yona Rubinstein
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Management
Downloads 10 (653,985)

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99.

Geographic Diversification and Banks’ Funding Costs

NBER Working Paper No. w22544
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 22 Aug 2016
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 34 (488,725)

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100.

Acquiring Banking Networks

NBER Working Paper No. w23469
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 05 Jun 2017
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Zigan Wang
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The University of Hong Kong - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 33 (488,725)

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101.

The Origins of Financial Development: How the African Slave Trade Continues to Influence Modern Finance

NBER Working Paper No. w23800
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 11 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2017
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Wensi Xie
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School
Downloads 28 (514,301)

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102.

Capital Market Financing, Firm Growth, Firm Size Distribution

NBER Working Paper No. w20336
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 28 Jul 2014
World Bank, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 15 (594,149)

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103.

Napoleon, Bourses, and Growth in Latin America

IDB Working Paper No. 301
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 Apr 2011
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 14 (600,885)
Citation 3

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104.

Mentally Spent: Credit Conditions and Mental Health

NBER Working Paper No. w25584
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 26 Feb 2019
Qing Hu, Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Mingzhu Tai
The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The University of Hong Kong - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 11 (621,315)
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105.

Selection into Entrepreneurship and Self-Employment

NBER Working Paper No. w25350
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 11 Dec 2018
Ross Levine and Yona Rubinstein
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Management
Downloads 11 (621,315)
Citation 2
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106.

Finance and Children's Academic Performance

NBER Working Paper No. w26678
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 22 Jan 2020
Qing Hu, Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Mingzhu Tai
The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The University of Hong Kong - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 6 (656,065)
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107.

Do Bank Insiders Impede Equity Issuances?

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 02 Jul 2020
Martin Richard Goetz, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
Goethe University Frankfurt, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 5 (670,613)

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Ownership Structure, Equity Issuances, Banking, Financial Crisis, Regulation

108.

Finance and the Poor

Manchester School, Vol. 76, No. S1, pp. 1-13, September 2008
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 18 Aug 2008
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 2 (688,516)
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Do Bank Insiders Impede Equity Issuances?

NBER Working Paper No. w27442
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 29 Jun 2020
Martin Goetz, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
affiliation not provided to SSRN, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
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Do Bank Insiders Impede Equity Issuances?

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14913
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 29 Jun 2020
Martin Goetz, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
affiliation not provided to SSRN, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
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Banking, Equity Issuances, financial crisis, Ownership Structure, regulation

110.

Does the Geographic Expansion of Banks Reduce Risk?

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP11231
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 18 Apr 2016
Martin Richard Goetz, Luc Laeven and Ross Levine
Goethe University Frankfurt, European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 0 (719,294)
Citation 11
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Bank Regulation, Banking, financial stability, Hedging, risk

111.

Smart and Illicit: Who Becomes an Entrepreneur and Do They Earn More?

Posted: 26 Sep 2015
Ross Levine and Yona Rubinstein
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Management

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Entrepreneurship, Self-employment, Occupational choice, Compensation,Corporate Finance, Firm organization

112.

Book Review: Guardians of Finance Making Regulators Work for Us

Journal of Applied Finance, Fall/Winter 2012, Volume 22, No.2
Posted: 11 Sep 2012
James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio and Ross Levine
Auburn University, Williams College and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

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financial crisis, Glass-Steagall Act, Dodd Frank Act (DFA)

113.

Financial Institutions and Markets Across Countries and Over Time: The Updated Financial Development and Structure Database

The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 24, Issue 1, pp. 77-92, 2010
Posted: 22 Feb 2010
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, World Bank - Development Research Group and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

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G1, G2

114.

What Have We Learned from a Decade of Empirical Research on Growth? It's Not Factor Accumulation: Stylized Facts and Growth Models

World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 15, Issue 2, pp. 177-219, 2001
Posted: 29 Feb 2008
William Easterly and Ross Levine
New York University - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

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115.

Legal Theories of Financial Development

Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Vol. 17, No. 4, Winter 2001
Posted: 22 Nov 2003
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, City University London - Sir John Cass Business School and World Bank - Development Research Group

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116.

Finance and the Sources of Growth

Journal of Financial Economics, Vol. 58, No. 1-2, Pp. 261-300, January 2000
Posted: 31 Jan 2001
Thorsten Beck, Ross Levine and Norman Loayza
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Research Department

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Growth, Financial Intermediation

117.

Law, Finance, and Economic Growth

Journal of Financial Intermediation, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1998
Posted: 25 Jan 1999
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

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118.

The Legal Environment, Banks, and Long-Run Economic Growth

Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Vol. 30, No. 3, Part 2, August 1998
Posted: 18 May 1998
Ross Levine
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

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Africa's Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions

Posted: 06 Feb 1997
William Easterly, Ross Levine and Kari Labrie
New York University - Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Macroeconomics and Growth Division

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Africa's Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions

Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 112, Issue 4, November 1997
Posted: 18 May 1998
William Easterly and Ross Levine
New York University - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

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Other Papers (2)

Total Downloads: 217
1.

Does Competition Affect Bank Risk?

29th Australasian Finance and Banking Conference 2016
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 22 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 23 Aug 2016
Liangliang Jiang, Ross Levine and Chen Lin
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics
Downloads 214

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Competition; Bank Risk Taking; Bank Deregulation

2.

Pollution and Human Capital Migration: Evidence From Corporate Executives

31st Australasian Finance and Banking Conference 2018
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 30 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2019
Ross Levine, Chen Lin and Zigan Wang
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics and The University of Hong Kong - School of Economics and Finance
Downloads 3

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Pollution Costs, Spatial Labor Mobility, Executive Turnover