David B. Kopel

Independence Institute

Research Director

727 East 16th Ave

Denver, CO 80203

United States

http://www.davekopel.org

Denver University - Sturm College of Law

Adjunct Professor of Advanced Constitutional Law

2255 E. Evans Avenue

Denver, CO 80208

United States

http://www.davekopel.org

Cato Institute

1000 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.

Washington, DC 20001-5403

United States

http://https://www.cato.org/people/david-kopel

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

100

DOWNLOADS
Rank 622

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 622

in Total Papers Downloads

46,472

SSRN CITATIONS

5

CROSSREF CITATIONS

31

Scholarly Papers (100)

1.

How the British Gun Control Program Precipitated the American Revolution

6 Charleston Law Review 283 (2012)
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 04 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 08 May 2012
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 4,966 (2,100)

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American Revolution, gun control

2.

Is There a Relationship between Guns and Freedom? Comparative Results from 59 Nations

Texas Review of Law and Politics, Vol. 13
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 06 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2008
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Carlisle E. Moody, Howard Ross Nemerov and Howard Ross Nemerov
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, College of William and Mary - Department of Economics and Independent ResearchIndependent
Downloads 4,005 (3,105)

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per capita gun ownership, political freedom, civil liberty, economic freedom, corruption, prosperity

3.

Pretend 'Gun-Free' School Zones: A Deadly Legal Fiction

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 515-584, December 2009
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 30 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2009
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 3,896 (3,251)

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concealed handgun licensing, school zones, carry permits

4.

The Great Gun Control War of the 20th Century — And its Lessons for Gun Laws Today

Fordham Urban Law Journal, vol. 39, no. 5, pages 1527-1666 (October 2012)
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 30 May 2012 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 2,862 (5,503)

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Second Amendment, gun control, twentieth century, NRA, Handgun Control

5.

Knives and the Second Amendment

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, vol. 47, pages 167-215 (Fall 2013)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 24 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2013
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Clayton E. Cramer and Joseph Edward Olson
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, College of Western Idaho and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 1,568 (14,491)

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Knives, Second Amendment, Switchblades

6.

Mexico’s Gun Control Laws: A Model for the United States?

Texas Review of Law & Politics, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2013, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-12
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 12 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2014
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 1,519 (15,246)
Citation 1

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Mexico, gun control

7.

The Natural Right of Self-Defense: Heller's Lesson for the World

Syracuse Law Review, Vol. 59, 2008
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 24 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2009
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 1,517 (15,271)

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District of Columbia v. Heller, Second Amendment, self-defense, natural law, inherent right

8.

Christian Pacifism Before Constantine

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Jun 2008
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 1,353 (18,246)

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Pacifism, Christianity, Church Fathers, Roman Army

9.

Unraveling Judicial Restraint: Guns, Abortion, and the Faux Conservatism of J. Harvie Wilkinson, III

Journal of Law and Politics, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 1-18, 2009, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 08-61
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 01 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2013
Nelson Lund, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
George Mason University School of Law and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 1,296 (19,393)

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10.

The Federal Circuits’ Second Amendment Doctrines

St. Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 61, No. 2, 2017
Number of pages: 130 Posted: 21 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 15 Jul 2017
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 1,159 (22,954)

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Second Amendment, Circuit Courts of Appeals

11.

The First Amendment Guide to the Second Amendment

Tennessee Law Review, Vol. 81, No. 3, 2014, pp. 417-78, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-23
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 15 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2014
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 1,016 (27,824)

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First Amendment, Second Amendment, overbreadth, prior restraint, chilling, vagueness

12.

Background Checks for Firearms Sales and Loans: Law, History, and Policy

Harvard Journal on Legislation, Vol. 53, 2016, pp. 303-367, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-54
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 26 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2016
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 992 (28,764)

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Second Amendment, background checks, longstanding

13.

The Human Right of Self-Defense

BYU Journal of Public Law, Vol. 22, 2008
Number of pages: 119 Posted: 17 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 27 Jul 2008
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Joanne D. Eisen and Paul Gallant
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 954 (30,415)
Citation 1

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self-defense, self-defence, United Nations, firearms, guns

14.

Reforming Mental Health Law to Protect Public Safety and Help the Severely Mentally Ill

Howard Law Journal, 2015, Vol. 58 No. 3, pp. 715-78, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-05
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 15 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2015
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 924 (31,839)

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mental health, schizophrenia, crime, gun violence

15.

State Court Standards of Review for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms

Santa Clara Law Review, Vol. 50, pp. 1113-1220, 2010, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-02
Number of pages: 109 Posted: 26 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2021
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 836 (36,549)

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Second Amendment, right to keep and bear arms, state constitutions, standard of review, strict scrutiny, reasonableness

16.

The Posse Comitatus and the Office of Sheriff: Armed Citizens Summoned to the Aid of Law Enforcement

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, vol. 104, no. 4. pages 761-850 (2015), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-24
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 22 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2015
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 685 (47,898)

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Posse comitatus, Office of Sheriff, Alfred the Great, Second Amendment

17.

Firearms Possession by 'Non-State Actors': The Question of Sovereignty

Number of pages: 64 Posted: 15 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 672 (49,170)

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Arms prohibition, sovereignty, small arms & light weapons, non-state actors

18.

All the Way Down the Slippery Slope: Gun Prohibition in England and Some Lessons for Civil Liberties in America

Hamline Law Review, Vol. 22, 1998-1999
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 04 Mar 1999 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2008
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Joseph Edward Olson
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 645 (51,837)

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19.

Pacifist-Aggressives vs. the Second Amendment: An Analysis of Modern Philosophies of Compulsory Non-Violence

Charleston Law Review, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 09 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 09 Dec 2008
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 644 (51,948)

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Pacifism, Christianity, Nazi, Denmark, Hauerwas, Yoder, Tolstoy, Campolo

20.

The History of Firearms Magazines and Magazine Prohibitions

Albany Law Review, Vol. 88, 2015, pages 849-884, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-06
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 30 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2015
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 641 (52,299)

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firearms, magazines, Second Amendment, Heller

21.

The Arms Trade Treaty: Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Prospects for Arms Embargoes on Human Rights Violators

Penn State Law Review, Vol. 114, No. 3, pp. 101-163, 2010
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 23 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 12 Feb 2010
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 617 (54,963)

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Arms Trade Treaty, Embargo, Zimbabwe, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Small Arms, Firearms, Human Rights

22.

Sex, Drugs, Alcohol, Gambling, and Guns: The Synergistic Constitutional Effects

Albany Government Law Review, vol. 6, no. 2 (2013), pages 306-331
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2014
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Trevor Burrus
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and Cato Institute
Downloads 583 (58,981)

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constitutional law, guns, police power, taxing clause, interstate commerce clause, civil asset forfeiture, drug war

23.

The PPACA in Wonderland

American Journal of Law & Medicine, Vol. 38, 2012, Boston Univ. School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 12-03
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2012
Gary Lawson, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Boston University School of Law and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 542 (64,605)

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constitutional, Obamacare, Necessary and Proper, Commerce Clause, taxing power

24.

The Torah and Self-Defense

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 15 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 537 (65,365)

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Torah, Talmud, self-defense, Jewish

25.

The Keystone of the Second Amendment: The Quakers, the Pennsylvania Constitution, and the Flawed Scholarship of Nathan Kozuskanich

Widener Law Journal, Vol. 19, pp. 277-320, 2010
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 10 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2010
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 460 (79,082)

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Pennsylvania Constitution, right to arms, Second Amendment, Kozuskanich

26.

Preventing a Reign of Terror: Civil Liberties Implications of Terrorism Legislation

Oklahoma City Law Review, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1996
Number of pages: 102 Posted: 16 Jun 1997 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2008
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Joseph Edward Olson
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 451 (80,954)

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27.

Amicus Brief in McDonald v. Chicago: On Behalf of the International Law Enforcement Educators and Trainers Association, et al

The Supreme Court of the United States, No. 08-1521, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-32
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 22 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2014
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 448 (81,595)

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McDonald v. Chicago, Second Amendment, incorporation, Fourteenth Amendment, handguns

28.

The First Century of Right to Arms Litigation

14 Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy 127 (2016), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-58
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 04 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2016
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 396 (94,184)

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Second Amendment, original meaning, nineteenth century, Supreme Court, Heller, English history

29.

The Evolving Police Power: Some Observations for a New Century

Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly, Vol. 27, p. 511, 2000
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 Feb 2007 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2021
Glenn Harlan Reynolds, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
University of Tennessee College of Law and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 393 (94,972)

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police power, sic utere, salus populi, sodomy, gay marriage

30.

Bad News for Professor Koppelman: The Incidental Unconstitutionality of the Individual Mandate

Yale Law Journal Online, Vol. 121, 2011
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Jun 2011 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2011
Gary Lawson, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Boston University School of Law and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 362 (104,393)

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31.

The Right to Arms in the Living Constitution

2010 Cardozo Law Review, de Novo 99, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-34
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 17 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 31 Jan 2010
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 359 (105,355)

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Second Amendment, living constitution, dead constitution, originalism, Jack Balkin

32.

Self-Defense in Asian Religions

Liberty Law Review, Vol. 2, p. 79, 2007
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 349 (108,727)

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Confucianism, Taoism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, self-defense, self-defence, natural law

33.

Armed Resistance to the Holocaust

Journal of Firearms & Public Policy, Vol. 19, p. 144, 2007
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 346 (109,746)

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holocaust, Jews, firearms, genocide

34.

The Religious Roots of the American Revolution and the Right to Keep and Bear Arms

Journal on Firearms and Public Policy, Vol. 17, p. 167, 2005
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 340 (111,966)

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American Revolution, religion, right to keep and bear arms, Puritans, Congregationalists, Presbyterians

35.

'Sorry, Wrong Number': Why Media Polls on Gun Control are So Often Unreliable

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 23 Sep 2008
Gary A. Mauser, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Simon Fraser University (SFU) - Beedie School of Business and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 336 (113,431)
Citation 1

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opinion polls, gun control, interviewer effects, sampling biases

36.

Lethal Laws

New York Law School Journal of International and Comparative Law, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1995
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 26 Sep 2008
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 315 (121,662)

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Genocide, gun control, Germany, Soviet Union, China, Cambodia, Guatemala, Uganda, Armenia

37.

Japanese Gun Control

2 Asia-Pacific Law Review 26 (1993)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Jul 2016
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 305 (125,897)

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Japan, gun control, Hideyoshi, small arms

38.

Tench Coxe and the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, 1787-1823

William & Mary Bill of Rights, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1999
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 24 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2021
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Stephen P. Halbrook
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and Independent Institute
Downloads 303 (126,773)

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Tench Coxe, Second Amendment, Right to Keep and Bear Arms, John Adams, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington

39.

Is Resisting Genocide a Human Right?

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 81, No. 4, 2006
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Joanne D. Eisen and Paul Gallant
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 264 (146,319)

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genocide, Sudan, Darfur, Genocide Convention, self-defense, self-defence

40.

Errors of Omission: Words Missing from the Ninth Circuit's Young v. State of Hawaii

2021 U. Ill. L. Rev. Online 172 (May 13, 2021).
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 01 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 13 May 2021
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and George A. Mocsary
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and University of Wyoming College of Law
Downloads 243 (158,777)

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second amendment, ninth circuit, firearms, guns, public carry, open carry, concealed carry, statute of Horthampton, England, colonies

41.

Federalism & Separation of Powers - 'Health Laws of Every Description': John Marshall’s Ruling on a Federal Health Care Law

Engage, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 49-54, June 2011, University of Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-03
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 01 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 26 Apr 2012
Robert G. Natelson, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence & Montana Policy Institutes and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 243 (158,777)

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John Marshall, Affordable Care Act, Gibbons v. Ogden, Health Care

42.

Evolving Christian Attitudes Towards Personal and National Self-Defense

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 45, No. 5, 2013, pages 1709-1771
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 10 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 26 Nov 2013
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 240 (160,707)

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Catholic, Berrigan, Wiegel, Dorothy Day, John Courtney Murray

43.

The Catholic Second Amendment

Hamline Law Review, Vol. 29, p. 519, 2006
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 236 (163,318)

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Roman Catholic, self-defense, self-defence, Aquinas, Scholastics, John of Salisbury

44.

Taking Federalism Seriously: Lopez and the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 59-116, Fall 1997
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 07 Dec 1997 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2008
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Glenn Harlan Reynolds
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and University of Tennessee College of Law
Downloads 233 (165,347)

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abortion, federalism, commerce clause, lopez, morrison

45.

The Second Amendment Rights of Young People

43 Southern Illinois Law Journal 495 (2019), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-28
Number of pages: 120 Posted: 02 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2021
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 227 (169,543)

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Second Amendment, young adults, 18-year-olds, militia

46.

Guns Ownership and Human Rights

The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 1-13, 2003
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 16 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Joanne D. Eisen and Paul Gallant
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 224 (171,704)

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Human rights, genocide, firearms, small arms & light weapons, Jamaica, Bougainville, Karamoja, Uganda, East Timor

47.

The Right to Arms in Nineteenth Century Colorado

Denver University Law Review, 95 Denv. L. Rev. 329 (2018)., U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-14
Number of pages: 128 Posted: 16 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 23 Mar 2018
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 221 (173,938)
Citation 1

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Colorado Constitution, right to keep and bear arms, nineteenth century

48.

The Scottish and English Religious Roots of the American Right to Arms: Buchanan, Rutherford, Locke, Sidney, and the Duty to Overthrow Tyranny

Bridges, Vol. 12, p. 291, Nos. 3/4, Fall/Winter 2005
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 217 (176,999)

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Right to Bear Arms, George Buchanan, Samuel Rutherford, John Locke, Algernon Sidney, Tyranny

49.

How Many Global Deaths from Arms? Reasons to Question the 740,000 Factoid Being Used to Promote the Arms Trade Treaty

NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol. 5, p. 672, 2010, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-13
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 01 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 210 (182,526)

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Arms Trade Treaty, Global Burden of Armed Violence, gun control, Geneva Declaration

50.

Human Rights and Gun Confiscation

Quinnipiac Law Review, Vol. 26, p. 385, 2008
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 17 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 202 (189,170)

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Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, gun confiscation, disarmament

51.

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy - Online Chapters

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy online chs. 12-15 (Aspen Publishers 2014)
Number of pages: 454 Posted: 31 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2016
Nicholas James Johnson, David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, George A. Mocsary and Michael P. O'Shea
Fordham University School of Law, Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law and Oklahoma City University School of Law
Downloads 196 (194,425)

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firearm, firearms, second amendment, gun, guns, international law, comparative law, social science, genocide, tyranny, criminology, constitutional law, constitution

52.

Does the Second Amendment Protect Firearms Commerce?

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 127, p. 230, 2014, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-33
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 01 May 2014 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2014
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 182 (207,681)

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firearms stores, FFLs, Heller

53.

Dhimmitude and Disarmament

George Mason University Civil Rights Law Journal (CRLJ), Vol. 18, p. 305, 2008, Islamic Law and Law of the Muslim World Paper No. 08-12
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 180 (209,669)

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shari'a, sharia, dhimmi, dhimmitude, disaramament, Virginia Tech

54.

Self-Defense: The Equalizer

Forum for Applied Research & Public Policy, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 92-100, Winter 2000
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 16 Jun 2005
Linda Gorman, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence Institute and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 174 (215,836)

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Gun control, self-defense, crime, Japan, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia

55.

Lyman Trumbull: Author of the Thirteenth Amendment, Author of the Civil Rights Act, and the First Second Amendment Lawyer

Loyola University Chicago Law Journal, Vol. 47, No. 4, 2016
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 18 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 25 May 2016
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 167 (223,540)

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Lyman Trumbull, Second Amendment, Thirteenth Amendment, freedmen, reconstruction, Eugene Debs

56.

Credentials are No Substitute for Accuracy: Nathan Kozuskanich, Stephen Halbrook and the Role of the Historian

Widener Law Journal, Vol. 19, pp. 343-78, 2010, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-03
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 21 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2010
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 167 (223,540)

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Second Amendment, Pennsylvania Constitution, right to keep and bear arms

57.

The Licensing of Concealed Handguns for Lawful Protection: Support from Five State Supreme Courts

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 15 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 164 (226,945)

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Concealed handgun licensing, concealed carry, shall issue, New Mexico, Missouri, Wisconsin, Ohio, Rhode Island

58.

Reducing the Drug War’s Damage to Government Budgets

35 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 543 (2012)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 27 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 08 May 2012
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Trevor Burrus
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and Cato Institute
Downloads 161 (230,547)

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drug war, economic harm, federalism, marijuana, taxes

59.

The Second Amendment in the Tenth Circuit: Three Decades of (Mostly) Harmless Error

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 86, No. 3, 2009
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 15 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2009
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 155 (238,087)

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Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, District of Columbia v. Heller, Second Amendment, gun control

60.

Poisoned Milk and the Poisoning of Democracy: Some Cautions about China Trade and Taiwan Sovereignty

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 24 Mar 2015
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 154 (239,404)

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Taiwan, sovereignty, independence, China, trade, human rights

61.

Ancient Hebrew Militia Law

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 90, 2013, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-32
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 13 May 2014 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2014
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 140 (258,466)

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Jewish warfare, arms possession

62.

Microdisarmament: The Consequences for Public Safety and Human Rights

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 15 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 139 (259,955)

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Microdisarmament, human rights, Albania, Bougainville, Cambodia, Guatemala, Panama, Mali

63.

The Gold Standard of Gun Control - Book Review of Joyce Malcolm, Guns and Violence: The English Experience

Journal of Law, Economics and Policy, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2006
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Joanne D. Eisen and Paul Gallant
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 138 (261,414)

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Great Britain, violence, gun control, Joyce Malcolm

64.

Red Flag Laws: Proceed with Caution

Law & Psycology Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 18 Aug 2020
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 134 (267,498)
Citation 1

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Red Flag Law, Extreme Risk Protection Order, Due Process, Firearms Confiscation

65.

Federal Circuit Second Amendment Developments 2018

7 LMU Law Review 21 (2020)
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 19 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 09 Mar 2020
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 130 (273,598)

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Second Amendment, Federal Circuit Courts of Appeal

66.

Lawyers, Guns & Burglars

Arizona Law Review, Vol. 43, p. 345, 2001
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 120 (290,399)

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burglary, home invasion, gun ownership

67.

Global Deaths from Firearms: Searching for Plausible Estimates

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 15 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 119 (292,141)

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Small arms and light weapons, global deaths, World Health Organization

68.

Taking Federalism Seriously: Lopez and the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 30, No. 1, 1997
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 15 Apr 2014
Glenn Harlan Reynolds, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
University of Tennessee College of Law and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 115 (299,167)

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abortion, federalism, commerce clause, lopez, morrison

69.

Antecedents of the Second Amendment

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy ch. 16 (2d ed. 2020).
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 09 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2020
Nicholas James Johnson, David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, George A. Mocsary and E. Gregory Wallace
Fordham University School of Law, Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law and Campbell University School of Law
Downloads 114 (301,054)

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self-defense, right to arms, Confucianism, Taoism, ancient Greece, ancient Rome, Judaism, Christianity, medieval thought, Bodin, Machiavelli

70.

Clueless: The Misuse of Batf Firearms Tracing Data

Michigan State University Detroit College of Law Review, Vol. 1999, pp. 171-80
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 16 Jun 2005 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2008
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 107 (314,678)

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firearms tracing, BATF, BATFE

71.

The 'Sensitive Places' Doctrine: Locational Limits on the Right to Bear Arms

Charleston Law Review Vol. 13 (2018)
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 10 May 2019
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 104 (320,819)
Citation 1

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sensitive places, Second Amendment, right to bear arms, District of Columbia v. Heller

72.

History and Tradition in Modern Circuit Cases on the Second Amendment Rights of Young People

43 Southern Illinois Law Journal 119 (2018), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-30
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 24 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2019
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 103 (322,865)
Citation 1

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Second Amendment, young adults, 18-year-olds, nineteenth century, federal circuit courts of appeal

73.

Hate Crime Laws: Dangerous and Divisive

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 01 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 86 (361,953)

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hates crimes, ethnic intimidation, First Amendment, Equal Protection, hoaxes

74.

In-Depth Explanation of Firearms and Ammunition

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy ch. 15 (2d ed. 2020).
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 05 May 2020 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2020
Nicholas James Johnson, David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, George A. Mocsary and E. Gregory Wallace
Fordham University School of Law, Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law and Campbell University School of Law
Downloads 82 (372,555)

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arms, firearms, guns, rifle, pistol, shotgun, handgun, bullet, revolver, knife, knives, nongun arms, ammunition, semi-automatic, ar-15, assault weapon, stun gun, taser, sword, bow, spray, Martial Arts

75.

Health Insurance is Not ‘Commerce’

National Law Journal, March 28, 2011
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 04 Jan 2012
Robert G. Natelson, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence & Montana Policy Institutes and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 79 (380,762)

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Constitution, Commerce Clause, Commerce Power, Obamacare, health insurance, original understanding, original intent, original meaning, Supreme Court

76.

Does the Right to Bear Arms Impede or Promote Economic Development

Engage, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 85-100, 2005
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 17 Jun 2005 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2009
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 76 (389,333)

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Underdevelopment, right to arms, Zambia, Kenya, AIDS, Malaria, DDT

77.

Federal Circuit Second Amendment Developments 2017–2018

U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-29
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 19 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2018
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 73 (398,235)

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Second Amendment, Federal Circuit Courts of Appeal, Right to Keep and Bear Arms

78.

Commerce in the Commerce Clause: A Response to Jack Balkin

Michigan Law Review First Impressions, Vol. 109, No. 55, 2010, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-25
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 07 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2014
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Robert G. Natelson
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and Independence & Montana Policy Institutes
Downloads 66 (420,397)

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79.

Privileged Polluters: The Case Against Exempting Municipalities from Superfund

Competitive Enterprise Institute, Environmental Studies Program
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 16 Jun 2005 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2014
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 65 (423,730)

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CERLCA, superfund, municipal exemption, environmental protection agency

80.

Comparative Law

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy ch. 14 (2d ed. 2020).
Number of pages: 346 Posted: 05 May 2020 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2020
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, George A. Mocsary, Nicholas James Johnson and E. Gregory Wallace
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law, Fordham University School of Law and Campbell University School of Law
Downloads 49 (483,221)

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right to arms, gun control, comparative law, Mao Zedong, Tibet, genocide, mass murder

81.

The Drug War Against Civil Liberty and Human Rights

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 01 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Michael Krause
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and Government of the United States of America - Independence Institute
Downloads 48 (487,332)
Citation 1

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drug war, racism, police militarization, civil liberties

82.

Bad News for John Marshall

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 121, 2012
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 29 Mar 2015
Gary Lawson, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Boston University School of Law and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 46 (496,047)

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Necessary and Proper Clause, Incidental powers, Obamacare, Affordable Care Act

83.

The Antideficiency Act: A Deficient Excuse for Federal Violation of Environmental Laws?

Environmental Law Reporter, Vol. 23, 1993
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 28 Feb 2015
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 46 (496,047)

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Antideficiency act, environmental clean-up

84.

Data Indicate Second Amendment Underenforcement

68 Duke Law Journal Online 79 (2018), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-34
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 07 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2018
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 38 (533,177)

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Second Amendment, litigation data, underenforcement, nullification, judicial review

85.

Justice for All: A Better Path to Global Firearms Control

Jindal Global Law Review. Volume 2, p. 198, 2010
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 16 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 35 (548,591)

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Arms Trade Treaty, Global Burden of Violence, human rights, small arms control, rule of law

86.

It Isn't About Duck Hunting: The British Origins of the Right to Arms

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 93, No. 6, 1995
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 16 Jul 2016
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 34 (553,982)

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right to arms, British history, gun control, Second Amendment

87.

Treating Guns Like Consumer Products

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 148, No. 4, 2000
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 11 Jul 2016
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 32 (564,783)

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gun control, treating guns like cars, gun safety, right to arms

88.

Firearms Policy and Status

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy ch. 12 (2d ed. 2020).
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 05 May 2020 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2020
Nicholas James Johnson, David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, George A. Mocsary and E. Gregory Wallace
Fordham University School of Law, Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law and Campbell University School of Law
Downloads 27 (594,302)

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firearms, gun, weapon, indian, tribe, mental illness, mentally ill, marijuana, military, sexual orientation, gay, lesbian, gender, sex, black, african american

89.

The National Popular Vote Violates the Colorado Constitution

Denver Law Review Forum, 2020
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 19 Nov 2020
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Hunter Hovenga
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and University of Chicago, Law School
Downloads 26 (600,769)

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National Popular Vote, Electoral College, Colorado Constitution

90.

International Law

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy ch. 13 (2d ed. 2020).
Number of pages: 104 Posted: 05 May 2020 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2020
Nicholas James Johnson, David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, George A. Mocsary and E. Gregory Wallace
Fordham University School of Law, Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law and Campbell University School of Law
Downloads 22 (627,892)

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Programme of Action, Firearms Protocol, International Tracing Instrument, Arms Trade Treaty, International Standards on Arms Control, Cifta, European Firearms Directive, Nairobi Protocol, Suarez, Grotius, Pufendorf, Vattel

91.

Taiwan's 2008 Presidential Elections: An Analysis of What Happened, and What May Happen Next

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Mar 2015
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 21 (634,945)

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Taiwan, 2008 election, Ma YingJeou, Kuomintang

92.

Guns Kill People, and Tyrants with Gun Monopolies Kill the Most

U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 23
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 4

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genocide, gun control, mass murder, tyranny

93.

The Second Amendment in the Nineteenth Century

Brigham Young University Law Review, Vol. 1998, No. 4, 1998
Number of pages: 197
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 2

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Second Amendment, nineteenth century, Supreme Court

94.

Shall Issue: The New Wave of Concealed Handgun Permit Laws

Tennessee Law Review 62:3 [Spring, 1995] 679-757
Posted: 12 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2016
Clayton E. Cramer, David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
College of Western Idaho and Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law

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95.

The Sounds of the Supremes: A Reply to Professor Yassky

St. Louis University Public Law Review, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1999
Number of pages: 15
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 0

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Second Amendment, Supreme Court

96.

The Ideology of Guns and Gun Control in the United States

Number of pages: 19
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 0

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gun control, public health

97.

What State Constitutions Teach about the Second Amendment

Northern Kentucky Law Review, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2002
Number of pages: 25
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 0

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right to keep and bear arms, Second Amendment, state constitutions

98.

The Supreme Court’s Thirty-Five Other Gun Cases: What the Supreme Court Has Said About the Second Amendment

9 St. Louis University Public Law Review 99 (2019)
Number of pages: 90
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 0

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Second Amendment, Supreme Court history

99.

Communitarians Neorepublicans and Guns Assessing the Case for Firearms Prohibition

Maryland Law Review, Vol. 56, No. 2, 1997
Number of pages: 118
David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel and Christopher Little
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 0

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gun prohibition, Communitarian Network, Second Amendment

100.

Can Soldiers be Peace Officers? The Waco Disaster and the Militarization of Law Enforcement

Akron Law Review, Vol. 30, No. 4, 1997
Number of pages: 42
David B. Kopel and David B. Kopel
Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law
Downloads 0

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police militarization, Waco, drug war

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 172
1.

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy -- Table of Contents and Preface

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy (2012)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 26 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2015
Nicholas James Johnson, David B. Kopel, David B. Kopel, George A. Mocsary and Michael P. O'Shea
Fordham University School of Law, Independence InstituteDenver University - Sturm College of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law and Oklahoma City University School of Law
Downloads 172

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second amendment,militia,arms,gun,bear arms,federalism,individual right,collective right,firearm,firearms,tyranny,Federalist,Anti-Federalist,Madison,weapon,incorporation,free state,well regulated,Constitution,Bill of Rights,heller,mcdonald,miller,disarm,self-defence,self-defense,gun control,Ezell