David B. Kopel

University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center

Independence Institute

Research Director

727 East 16th Ave

Denver, CO 80203

United States

http://www.davekopel.org

Cato Institute

1000 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.

Washington, DC 20001-5403

United States

http://www.cato.org/people/david-kopel

Denver University - Sturm College of Law

Adjunct Professor of Advanced Constitutional Law

2255 E. Evans Avenue

Denver, CO 80208

United States

http://www.davekopel.org

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

105

DOWNLOADS
Rank 626

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 626

in Total Papers Downloads

60,947

SSRN CITATIONS

11

CROSSREF CITATIONS

31

Scholarly Papers (105)

1.

How the British Gun Control Program Precipitated the American Revolution

6 Charleston Law Review 283 (2012)
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 04 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 08 May 2012
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 6,012 (2,510)

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American Revolution, gun control

2.

Is There a Relationship between Guns and Freedom? Comparative Results from 59 Nations

Texas Review of Law and Politics, Vol. 13
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 06 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2008
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, College of William and Mary - Department of Economics and Independent ResearchIndependent
Downloads 4,240 (4,571)

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per capita gun ownership, political freedom, civil liberty, economic freedom, corruption, prosperity

3.

Pretend 'Gun-Free' School Zones: A Deadly Legal Fiction

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 515-584, December 2009
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 30 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2009
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 4,000 (5,030)

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concealed handgun licensing, school zones, carry permits

4.

The Great Gun Control War of the 20th Century — And its Lessons for Gun Laws Today

Fordham Urban Law Journal, vol. 39, no. 5, pages 1527-1666 (October 2012)
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 30 May 2012 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 2,974 (8,163)

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Second Amendment, gun control, twentieth century, NRA, Handgun Control

5.

Restoring the Right to Bear Arms: New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen

David B. Kopel, "Restoring the Right to Bear Arms: New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen," 2021-22 Cato Supreme Court Review (Forthcoming Sept. 16, 2022) , U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 22-10
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 06 Aug 2022 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2022
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 2,323 (12,099)
Citation 1

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Second Amendment, New York State Rifle and Pistol Associaton v. Bruen, standard of review

6.

Christian Pacifism Before Constantine

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Jun 2008
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 1,674 (20,221)

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Pacifism, Christianity, Church Fathers, Roman Army

7.

Knives and the Second Amendment

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, vol. 47, pages 167-215 (Fall 2013)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 24 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2013
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, College of Western Idaho and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 1,670 (20,284)

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Knives, Second Amendment, Switchblades

8.

The Natural Right of Self-Defense: Heller's Lesson for the World

Syracuse Law Review, Vol. 59, 2008
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 24 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2009
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 1,660 (20,494)

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District of Columbia v. Heller, Second Amendment, self-defense, natural law, inherent right

9.

Mexico’s Gun Control Laws: A Model for the United States?

Texas Review of Law & Politics, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2013, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-12
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 12 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2014
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 1,632 (21,043)
Citation 1

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Mexico, gun control

10.

Unraveling Judicial Restraint: Guns, Abortion, and the Faux Conservatism of J. Harvie Wilkinson, III

Journal of Law and Politics, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 1-18, 2009, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 08-61
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 01 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2013
Nelson Lund and David B. Kopel
George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 1,395 (26,662)

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11.

The Federal Circuits’ Second Amendment Doctrines

St. Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 61, No. 2, 2017
Number of pages: 130 Posted: 21 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 15 Jul 2017
David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 1,291 (29,882)

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Second Amendment, Circuit Courts of Appeals

12.

The First Amendment Guide to the Second Amendment

Tennessee Law Review, Vol. 81, No. 3, 2014, pp. 417-78, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-23
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 15 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2014
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 1,101 (37,563)

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First Amendment, Second Amendment, overbreadth, prior restraint, chilling, vagueness

13.

Background Checks for Firearms Sales and Loans: Law, History, and Policy

Harvard Journal on Legislation, Vol. 53, 2016, pp. 303-367, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-54
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 26 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2016
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 1,085 (38,384)

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Second Amendment, background checks, longstanding

14.

The Human Right of Self-Defense

BYU Journal of Public Law, Vol. 22, 2008
Number of pages: 119 Posted: 17 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 27 Jul 2008
David B. Kopel, Joanne D. Eisen and Paul Gallant
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 1,065 (39,438)
Citation 1

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self-defense, self-defence, United Nations, firearms, guns

15.

Reforming Mental Health Law to Protect Public Safety and Help the Severely Mentally Ill

Howard Law Journal, 2015, Vol. 58 No. 3, pp. 715-78, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-05
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 15 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2015
David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 1,063 (39,542)

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mental health, schizophrenia, crime, gun violence

16.

The 'Sensitive Places' Doctrine: Locational Limits on the Right to Bear Arms

Charleston Law Review Vol. 13 (2018)
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 10 May 2019
David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 1,023 (41,769)
Citation 3

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sensitive places, Second Amendment, right to bear arms, District of Columbia v. Heller

17.

State Court Standards of Review for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms

Santa Clara Law Review, Vol. 50, pp. 1113-1220, 2010, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-02
Number of pages: 109 Posted: 26 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2021
David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 920 (48,415)

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Second Amendment, right to keep and bear arms, state constitutions, standard of review, strict scrutiny, reasonableness

18.

All the Way Down the Slippery Slope: Gun Prohibition in England and Some Lessons for Civil Liberties in America

Hamline Law Review, Vol. 22, 1998-1999
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 04 Mar 1999 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2008
David B. Kopel and Joseph Edward Olson
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 891 (50,624)

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19.

The History of Firearms Magazines and Magazine Prohibitions

Albany Law Review, Vol. 88, 2015, pages 849-884, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-06
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 30 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2015
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 874 (51,995)

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firearms, magazines, Second Amendment, Heller

20.

Guns Kill People, and Tyrants with Gun Monopolies Kill the Most

Gonzaga Journal of International Law, Vol. 25, 2021, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 14 Dec 2021 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2022
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 868 (52,489)

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genocide, gun control, mass murder, tyranny

21.

Firearms Possession by 'Non-State Actors': The Question of Sovereignty

Number of pages: 64 Posted: 15 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 851 (53,917)

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Arms prohibition, sovereignty, small arms & light weapons, non-state actors

22.

The Posse Comitatus and the Office of Sheriff: Armed Citizens Summoned to the Aid of Law Enforcement

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, vol. 104, no. 4. pages 761-850 (2015), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-24
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 22 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2015
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 798 (58,773)

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Posse comitatus, Office of Sheriff, Alfred the Great, Second Amendment

23.

Pacifist-Aggressives vs. the Second Amendment: An Analysis of Modern Philosophies of Compulsory Non-Violence

Charleston Law Review, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 09 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 09 Dec 2008
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 685 (71,869)

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Pacifism, Christianity, Nazi, Denmark, Hauerwas, Yoder, Tolstoy, Campolo

24.

Japanese Gun Control

2 Asia-Pacific Law Review 26 (1993)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Jul 2016
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 683 (72,139)

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Japan, gun control, Hideyoshi, small arms

25.

The Arms Trade Treaty: Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Prospects for Arms Embargoes on Human Rights Violators

Penn State Law Review, Vol. 114, No. 3, pp. 101-163, 2010
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 23 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 12 Feb 2010
David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 657 (75,749)

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Arms Trade Treaty, Embargo, Zimbabwe, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Small Arms, Firearms, Human Rights

26.

Sex, Drugs, Alcohol, Gambling, and Guns: The Synergistic Constitutional Effects

Albany Government Law Review, vol. 6, no. 2 (2013), pages 306-331
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2014
David B. Kopel and Trevor Burrus
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and Cato Institute
Downloads 632 (79,469)

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constitutional law, guns, police power, taxing clause, interstate commerce clause, civil asset forfeiture, drug war

27.

The Torah and Self-Defense

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 15 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 608 (83,412)

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Torah, Talmud, self-defense, Jewish

28.

The Second Amendment Rights of Young Adults

43 Southern Illinois Law Journal 495 (2019), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-28
Number of pages: 120 Posted: 02 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 30 May 2023
David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 607 (83,588)

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Second Amendment, young adults, 18-year-olds, militia

29.

The PPACA in Wonderland

American Journal of Law & Medicine, Vol. 38, 2012, Boston Univ. School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 12-03
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2012
Gary Lawson and David B. Kopel
Boston University School of Law and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 585 (87,670)

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constitutional, Obamacare, Necessary and Proper, Commerce Clause, taxing power

30.

The Keystone of the Second Amendment: The Quakers, the Pennsylvania Constitution, and the Flawed Scholarship of Nathan Kozuskanich

Widener Law Journal, Vol. 19, pp. 277-320, 2010
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 10 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2010
David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 578 (88,958)

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Pennsylvania Constitution, right to arms, Second Amendment, Kozuskanich

31.

This History of Bans on Types of Arms Before 1900

Journal of Legislation, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2024, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 196 Posted: 01 May 2023 Last Revised: 10 May 2024
David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 554 (94,274)

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arms prohibition, Second Amendment, NYSRPA v. Bruen, Bowie knives, semiautomatic firearms

32.

Amicus Brief in McDonald v. Chicago: On Behalf of the International Law Enforcement Educators and Trainers Association, et al

The Supreme Court of the United States, No. 08-1521, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-32
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 22 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2014
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 525 (100,365)

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McDonald v. Chicago, Second Amendment, incorporation, Fourteenth Amendment, handguns

33.

Preventing a Reign of Terror: Civil Liberties Implications of Terrorism Legislation

Oklahoma City Law Review, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1996
Number of pages: 102 Posted: 16 Jun 1997 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2008
David B. Kopel and Joseph Edward Olson
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 523 (100,828)

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34.

Tench Coxe and the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, 1787-1823

William & Mary Bill of Rights, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1999
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 24 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2021
David B. Kopel and Stephen P. Halbrook
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and Independent Institute
Downloads 517 (102,307)

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Tench Coxe, Second Amendment, Right to Keep and Bear Arms, John Adams, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington

35.

The First Century of Right to Arms Litigation

14 Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy 127 (2016), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-58
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 04 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2016
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 503 (105,770)

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Second Amendment, original meaning, nineteenth century, Supreme Court, Heller, English history

36.

The Evolving Police Power: Some Observations for a New Century

Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly, Vol. 27, p. 511, 2000
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 Feb 2007 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2021
Glenn Harlan Reynolds and David B. Kopel
University of Tennessee College of Law and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 455 (119,144)

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police power, sic utere, salus populi, sodomy, gay marriage

37.

The Right to Arms in the Living Constitution

2010 Cardozo Law Review, de Novo 99, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-34
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 17 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 31 Jan 2010
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 444 (122,669)

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Second Amendment, living constitution, dead constitution, originalism, Jack Balkin

38.

Self-Defense in Asian Religions

Liberty Law Review, Vol. 2, p. 79, 2007
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 444 (122,669)

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Confucianism, Taoism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, self-defense, self-defence, natural law

39.

Red Flag Laws: Proceed with Caution

Law & Psycology Review, Vol. 45, No. 1, 2021
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 18 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2021
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 411 (134,181)
Citation 2

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Red Flag Law, Extreme Risk Protection Order, Due Process, Firearms Confiscation

40.

'Sorry, Wrong Number': Why Media Polls on Gun Control are So Often Unreliable

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 23 Sep 2008
Gary A. Mauser and David B. Kopel
Simon Fraser University (SFU) - Beedie School of Business and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 410 (134,524)

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opinion polls, gun control, interviewer effects, sampling biases

41.

Bad News for Professor Koppelman: The Incidental Unconstitutionality of the Individual Mandate

Yale Law Journal Online, Vol. 121, 2011
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Jun 2011 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2011
Gary Lawson and David B. Kopel
Boston University School of Law and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 403 (137,226)

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42.

Armed Resistance to the Holocaust

Journal of Firearms & Public Policy, Vol. 19, p. 144, 2007
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 403 (137,226)

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holocaust, Jews, firearms, genocide

43.

The Religious Roots of the American Revolution and the Right to Keep and Bear Arms

Journal on Firearms and Public Policy, Vol. 17, p. 167, 2005
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 395 (140,422)

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American Revolution, religion, right to keep and bear arms, Puritans, Congregationalists, Presbyterians

44.

Lethal Laws

New York Law School Journal of International and Comparative Law, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1995
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 26 Sep 2008
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 387 (143,676)

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Genocide, gun control, Germany, Soviet Union, China, Cambodia, Guatemala, Uganda, Armenia

45.

Taking Federalism Seriously: Lopez and the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 59-116, Fall 1997
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 07 Dec 1997 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2008
David B. Kopel and Glenn Harlan Reynolds
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and University of Tennessee College of Law
Downloads 381 (146,260)

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abortion, federalism, commerce clause, lopez, morrison

46.

Errors of Omission: Words Missing from the Ninth Circuit's Young v. State of Hawaii

2021 U. Ill. L. Rev. Online 172 (May 13, 2021).
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 01 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 13 May 2021
David B. Kopel and George A. Mocsary
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and University of Wyoming College of Law
Downloads 323 (175,003)

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second amendment, ninth circuit, firearms, guns, public carry, open carry, concealed carry, statute of Horthampton, England, colonies

47.

The Catholic Second Amendment

Hamline Law Review, Vol. 29, p. 519, 2006
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 317 (178,429)

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Roman Catholic, self-defense, self-defence, Aquinas, Scholastics, John of Salisbury

48.

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy - Online Chapters

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy online chs. 12-15 (Aspen Publishers 2014)
Number of pages: 454 Posted: 31 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2016
Fordham University School of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, University of Wyoming College of Law and Oklahoma City University School of Law
Downloads 314 (180,191)

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firearm, firearms, second amendment, gun, guns, international law, comparative law, social science, genocide, tyranny, criminology, constitutional law, constitution

49.

Is Resisting Genocide a Human Right?

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 81, No. 4, 2006
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel, Joanne D. Eisen and Paul Gallant
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 304 (186,433)

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genocide, Sudan, Darfur, Genocide Convention, self-defense, self-defence

50.

Dhimmitude and Disarmament

George Mason University Civil Rights Law Journal (CRLJ), Vol. 18, p. 305, 2008, Islamic Law and Law of the Muslim World Paper No. 08-12
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 301 (188,441)

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shari'a, sharia, dhimmi, dhimmitude, disaramament, Virginia Tech

51.

The Right to Arms in Nineteenth Century Colorado

Denver University Law Review, 95 Denv. L. Rev. 329 (2018)., U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-14
Number of pages: 128 Posted: 16 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 23 Mar 2018
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 297 (191,224)
Citation 1

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Colorado Constitution, right to keep and bear arms, nineteenth century

52.

Federalism & Separation of Powers - 'Health Laws of Every Description': John Marshall’s Ruling on a Federal Health Care Law

Engage, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 49-54, June 2011, University of Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-03
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 01 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 26 Apr 2012
Robert G. Natelson and David B. Kopel
Independence Institute and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 291 (195,276)

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John Marshall, Affordable Care Act, Gibbons v. Ogden, Health Care

53.

Evolving Christian Attitudes Towards Personal and National Self-Defense

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 45, No. 5, 2013, pages 1709-1771
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 10 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 26 Nov 2013
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 290 (195,948)

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Catholic, Berrigan, Wiegel, Dorothy Day, John Courtney Murray

54.

The Scottish and English Religious Roots of the American Right to Arms: Buchanan, Rutherford, Locke, Sidney, and the Duty to Overthrow Tyranny

Bridges, Vol. 12, p. 291, Nos. 3/4, Fall/Winter 2005
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 288 (197,385)

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Right to Bear Arms, George Buchanan, Samuel Rutherford, John Locke, Algernon Sidney, Tyranny

55.

Guns Ownership and Human Rights

The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 1-13, 2003
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 16 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel, Joanne D. Eisen and Paul Gallant
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 280 (203,170)

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Human rights, genocide, firearms, small arms & light weapons, Jamaica, Bougainville, Karamoja, Uganda, East Timor

56.

How Many Global Deaths from Arms? Reasons to Question the 740,000 Factoid Being Used to Promote the Arms Trade Treaty

NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol. 5, p. 672, 2010, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-13
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 01 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 258 (220,505)

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Arms Trade Treaty, Global Burden of Armed Violence, gun control, Geneva Declaration

57.

Human Rights and Gun Confiscation

Quinnipiac Law Review, Vol. 26, p. 385, 2008
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 17 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 246 (231,153)

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Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, gun confiscation, disarmament

58.

Self-Defense: The Equalizer

Forum for Applied Research & Public Policy, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 92-100, Winter 2000
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 16 Jun 2005
Linda Gorman and David B. Kopel
Independence Institute and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 246 (231,153)

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Gun control, self-defense, crime, Japan, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia

59.

Does the Second Amendment Protect Firearms Commerce?

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 127, p. 230, 2014, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-33
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 01 May 2014 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2014
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 234 (242,717)

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firearms stores, FFLs, Heller

60.

In-Depth Explanation of Firearms and Ammunition

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy ch. 15 (2d ed. 2020).
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 05 May 2020 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2020
Fordham University School of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, University of Wyoming College of Law and Campbell University School of Law
Downloads 227 (249,876)

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arms, firearms, guns, rifle, pistol, shotgun, handgun, bullet, revolver, knife, knives, nongun arms, ammunition, semi-automatic, ar-15, assault weapon, stun gun, taser, sword, bow, spray, Martial Arts

61.

Lyman Trumbull: Author of the Thirteenth Amendment, Author of the Civil Rights Act, and the First Second Amendment Lawyer

Loyola University Chicago Law Journal, Vol. 47, No. 4, 2016
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 18 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 25 May 2016
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 221 (256,250)

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Lyman Trumbull, Second Amendment, Thirteenth Amendment, freedmen, reconstruction, Eugene Debs

62.

Credentials are No Substitute for Accuracy: Nathan Kozuskanich, Stephen Halbrook and the Role of the Historian

Widener Law Journal, Vol. 19, pp. 343-78, 2010, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-03
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 21 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2010
David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 219 (258,419)

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Second Amendment, Pennsylvania Constitution, right to keep and bear arms

63.

History and Tradition in Modern Circuit Cases on the Second Amendment Rights of Young People

43 Southern Illinois Law Journal 119 (2018), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-30
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 24 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2019
David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 213 (265,210)
Citation 1

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Second Amendment, young adults, 18-year-olds, nineteenth century, federal circuit courts of appeal

64.

Antecedents of the Second Amendment

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy ch. 16 (2d ed. 2020).
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 09 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2020
Fordham University School of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, University of Wyoming College of Law and Campbell University School of Law
Downloads 207 (272,315)

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self-defense, right to arms, Confucianism, Taoism, ancient Greece, ancient Rome, Judaism, Christianity, medieval thought, Bodin, Machiavelli

65.

Taking Federalism Seriously: Lopez and the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 30, No. 1, 1997
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 15 Apr 2014
Glenn Harlan Reynolds and David B. Kopel
University of Tennessee College of Law and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 200 (280,953)

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abortion, federalism, commerce clause, lopez, morrison

66.

Reducing the Drug War’s Damage to Government Budgets

35 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 543 (2012)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 27 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 08 May 2012
David B. Kopel and Trevor Burrus
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and Cato Institute
Downloads 200 (280,953)

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drug war, economic harm, federalism, marijuana, taxes

67.

The Gold Standard of Gun Control - Book Review of Joyce Malcolm, Guns and Violence: The English Experience

Journal of Law, Economics and Policy, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2006
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
David B. Kopel, Joanne D. Eisen and Paul Gallant
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 199 (282,241)

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Great Britain, violence, gun control, Joyce Malcolm

68.

The Second Amendment in the Tenth Circuit: Three Decades of (Mostly) Harmless Error

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 86, No. 3, 2009
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 15 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2009
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 196 (286,145)

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Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, District of Columbia v. Heller, Second Amendment, gun control

69.

Poisoned Milk and the Poisoning of Democracy: Some Cautions about China Trade and Taiwan Sovereignty

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 24 Mar 2015
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 196 (286,145)

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Taiwan, sovereignty, independence, China, trade, human rights

70.

The Licensing of Concealed Handguns for Lawful Protection: Support from Five State Supreme Courts

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 15 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 194 (288,831)

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Concealed handgun licensing, concealed carry, shall issue, New Mexico, Missouri, Wisconsin, Ohio, Rhode Island

71.

Ancient Hebrew Militia Law

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 90, 2013, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-32
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 13 May 2014 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2014
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 189 (295,757)

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Jewish warfare, arms possession

72.

Microdisarmament: The Consequences for Public Safety and Human Rights

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 15 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 183 (304,212)

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Microdisarmament, human rights, Albania, Bougainville, Cambodia, Guatemala, Panama, Mali

73.

Federal Circuit Second Amendment Developments 2018

7 LMU Law Review 21 (2020)
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 19 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 09 Mar 2020
David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 172 (321,389)

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Second Amendment, Federal Circuit Courts of Appeal

74.

Lawyers, Guns & Burglars

Arizona Law Review, Vol. 43, p. 345, 2001
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 163 (336,575)

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burglary, home invasion, gun ownership

75.

Health Insurance is Not ‘Commerce’

National Law Journal, March 28, 2011
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 04 Jan 2012
Robert G. Natelson and David B. Kopel
Independence Institute and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 157 (347,438)

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Constitution, Commerce Clause, Commerce Power, Obamacare, health insurance, original understanding, original intent, original meaning, Supreme Court

76.

Global Deaths from Firearms: Searching for Plausible Estimates

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 15 Jun 2005
David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 152 (356,953)

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Small arms and light weapons, global deaths, World Health Organization

77.

Federal Circuit Second Amendment Developments 2017–2018

U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-29
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 19 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2018
David B. Kopel and Joseph Greenlee
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and The Heartland Institute
Downloads 149 (362,710)

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Second Amendment, Federal Circuit Courts of Appeal, Right to Keep and Bear Arms

78.

Clueless: The Misuse of Batf Firearms Tracing Data

Michigan State University Detroit College of Law Review, Vol. 1999, pp. 171-80
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 16 Jun 2005 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2008
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 135 (392,204)

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firearms tracing, BATF, BATFE

79.

Hate Crime Laws: Dangerous and Divisive

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 01 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 132 (399,154)

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hates crimes, ethnic intimidation, First Amendment, Equal Protection, hoaxes

80.

The Ideology of Guns and Gun Control in the United States

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 18 Nov 2021
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 119 (431,710)

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gun control, public health

81.

The Drug War Against Civil Liberty and Human Rights

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 01 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel and Michael Krause
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and Government of the United States of America - Independence Institute
Downloads 118 (434,486)
Citation 1

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drug war, racism, police militarization, civil liberties

82.

Firearms Policy and Status

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy ch. 12 (2d ed. 2020).
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 05 May 2020 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2020
Fordham University School of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, University of Wyoming College of Law and Campbell University School of Law
Downloads 113 (448,789)

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firearms, gun, weapon, indian, tribe, mental illness, mentally ill, marijuana, military, sexual orientation, gay, lesbian, gender, sex, black, african american

83.

Does the Right to Bear Arms Impede or Promote Economic Development

Engage, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 85-100, 2005
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 17 Jun 2005 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2009
David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 112 (451,705)

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Underdevelopment, right to arms, Zambia, Kenya, AIDS, Malaria, DDT

84.

Comparative Law

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy ch. 14 (2d ed. 2020).
Number of pages: 346 Posted: 05 May 2020 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2020
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, University of Wyoming College of Law, Fordham University School of Law and Campbell University School of Law
Downloads 110 (457,834)

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right to arms, gun control, comparative law, Mao Zedong, Tibet, genocide, mass murder

85.

2022 Supplement for Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy (3d. ed.)

Aspen Publishers
Number of pages: 181 Posted: 26 Sep 2022
Fordham University School of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, University of Wyoming College of Law, Campbell University School of Law and Lincoln Law School of San Jose
Downloads 107 (466,994)

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86.

The Second Amendment in the Nineteenth Century

Brigham Young University Law Review, Vol. 1998, No. 4, 1998
Number of pages: 197 Posted: 18 Nov 2021
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 104 (476,712)

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Second Amendment, nineteenth century, Supreme Court

87.

Privileged Polluters: The Case Against Exempting Municipalities from Superfund

Competitive Enterprise Institute, Environmental Studies Program
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 16 Jun 2005 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2014
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 102 (483,097)

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CERLCA, superfund, municipal exemption, environmental protection agency

88.

Commerce in the Commerce Clause: A Response to Jack Balkin

Michigan Law Review First Impressions, Vol. 109, No. 55, 2010, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-25
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 07 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2014
David B. Kopel and Robert G. Natelson
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and Independence Institute
Downloads 101 (486,319)

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89.

2023 Supplement for Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy (3d. ed.)

Aspen Publishers, 2023, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 4529585
Number of pages: 339 Posted: 14 Aug 2023 Last Revised: 06 Sep 2023
Fordham University School of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, University of Wyoming College of Law, Campbell University School of Law and Lincoln Law School of San Jose
Downloads 96 (502,990)

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90.

What State Constitutions Teach about the Second Amendment

Northern Kentucky Law Review, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2002
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 14 Dec 2021
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 94 (509,910)

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right to keep and bear arms, Second Amendment, state constitutions

91.

Treating Guns Like Consumer Products

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 148, No. 4, 2000
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 11 Jul 2016
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 94 (509,910)

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gun control, treating guns like cars, gun safety, right to arms

92.

The Antideficiency Act: A Deficient Excuse for Federal Violation of Environmental Laws?

Environmental Law Reporter, Vol. 23, 1993
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 28 Feb 2015
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 89 (527,741)

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Antideficiency act, environmental clean-up

93.

Bad News for John Marshall

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 121, 2012
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 29 Mar 2015
Gary Lawson and David B. Kopel
Boston University School of Law and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 85 (542,857)

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Necessary and Proper Clause, Incidental powers, Obamacare, Affordable Care Act

94.

The National Popular Vote Violates the Colorado Constitution

Denver Law Review Forum, 2020
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 19 Nov 2020
David B. Kopel and Hunter Hovenga
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and University of Chicago, Law School
Downloads 79 (567,142)

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National Popular Vote, Electoral College, Colorado Constitution

95.

It Isn't About Duck Hunting: The British Origins of the Right to Arms

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 93, No. 6, 1995
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 16 Jul 2016
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 74 (588,720)

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right to arms, British history, gun control, Second Amendment

96.

Data Indicate Second Amendment Underenforcement

68 Duke Law Journal Online 79 (2018), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-34
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 07 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2018
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 71 (602,192)

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Second Amendment, litigation data, underenforcement, nullification, judicial review

97.

Justice for All: A Better Path to Global Firearms Control

Jindal Global Law Review. Volume 2, p. 198, 2010
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 16 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant and Joanne D. Eisen
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, Independence Institute and Independence Institute
Downloads 71 (602,192)

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Arms Trade Treaty, Global Burden of Violence, human rights, small arms control, rule of law

98.

International Law

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy ch. 13 (2d ed. 2020).
Number of pages: 104 Posted: 05 May 2020 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2020
Fordham University School of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, University of Wyoming College of Law and Campbell University School of Law
Downloads 66 (625,956)

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Programme of Action, Firearms Protocol, International Tracing Instrument, Arms Trade Treaty, International Standards on Arms Control, Cifta, European Firearms Directive, Nairobi Protocol, Suarez, Grotius, Pufendorf, Vattel

99.

Taiwan's 2008 Presidential Elections: An Analysis of What Happened, and What May Happen Next

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Mar 2015
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 52 (702,020)

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Taiwan, 2008 election, Ma YingJeou, Kuomintang

100.

The Supreme Court’s Thirty-Five Other Gun Cases: What the Supreme Court Has Said about the Second Amendment

9 St. Louis University Public Law Review 99 (2019)
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 17 Nov 2021
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 49 (720,775)

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Second Amendment, Supreme Court history

101.

To Heller and Back

Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, vol. 25, no. 1, pages 106-112 (Feb. 1, 2009)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 18 Nov 2021
David B. Kopel and Paul Blackman
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 43 (760,488)

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District of Columbia v. Heller, Second Amendment, standard model

102.

Can Soldiers be Peace Officers? The Waco Disaster and the Militarization of Law Enforcement

Akron Law Review, Vol. 30, No. 4, 1997
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 18 Nov 2021
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 42 (767,459)

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police militarization, Waco, drug war

103.

The Sounds of the Supremes: A Reply to Professor Yassky

St. Louis University Public Law Review, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1999
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 18 Nov 2021
David B. Kopel
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center
Downloads 32 (844,275)

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Second Amendment, Supreme Court

104.

Communitarians Neorepublicans and Guns Assessing the Case for Firearms Prohibition

Maryland Law Review, Vol. 56, No. 2, 1997
Number of pages: 118 Posted: 18 Nov 2021
David B. Kopel and Christopher Little
University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 31 (852,607)

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gun prohibition, Communitarian Network, Second Amendment

105.

Shall Issue: The New Wave of Concealed Handgun Permit Laws

Tennessee Law Review 62:3 [Spring, 1995] 679-757
Posted: 12 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2016
Clayton E. Cramer and David B. Kopel
College of Western Idaho and University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center

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Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 223
1.

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy -- Table of Contents and Preface

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy (2012)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 26 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2015
Fordham University School of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law - Firearms Research Center, University of Wyoming College of Law and Oklahoma City University School of Law
Downloads 223

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second amendment,militia,arms,gun,bear arms,federalism,individual right,collective right,firearm,firearms,tyranny,Federalist,Anti-Federalist,Madison,weapon,incorporation,free state,well regulated,Constitution,Bill of Rights,heller,mcdonald,miller,disarm,self-defence,self-defense,gun control,Ezell