Duncan B. Hollis

Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law

Laura H. Carnell Professor of Law

1719 N. Broad Street

Philadelphia, PA 19122

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

37

DOWNLOADS
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20,058

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 22,260

in Total Papers Citations

33

CROSSREF CITATIONS

25

Ideas:
“  A new edition of my Aspen textbook, International Law (with Allen Weiner and Chimene Keitner) was published for Fall of 2023  ”

Scholarly Papers (37)

1.

Why State Consent Still Matters: Non-State Actors, Treaties, and the Changing Sources of International Law

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 19 May 2005
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 2,654 (9,881)
Citation 2

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Treaty, international law, sources, non-state actors, international organizations, amendment

2.

Why States Need an International Law for Information Operations

Lewis & Clark Law Review, Vol. 11, p. 1023, 2007, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-43
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 17 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2015
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 1,663 (20,648)

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cyberwar, cyberterror, information operations, IO, information warfare, jus ad bellum, jus in bello, international humanitarian law, use of force, civilian distinction, perfidy, complexity, regulatory design, international law, estonia, denial of service attack, hactivists, computer network attack

3.

Constructing Norms for Global Cybersecurity

110 American Journal of International Law (Forthcoming), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-52
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 28 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2016
Martha Finnemore and Duncan B. Hollis
George Washington University and Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 1,556 (22,937)
Citation 3

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norms, cybersecurity, information and communication technologies, GGE, norm entrepreneurs,norm diffusion, habits, incompletely theorized agreements, insincere conformity, treaties, socialization, incentives, persuasion

4.

A Comparative Approach to Treaty Law and Practice

NATIONAL TREATY LAW & PRACTICE, D. Hollis, M. R. Blakeslee, L. B. Ederington, eds., The American Society of International Law, Martinus Nijhoff, 2005
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 31 Aug 2005
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 1,334 (28,688)

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comparative law, international law, treaties, Austria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Israel, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Russia, South Africa, Switzerland, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States

5.

Beyond Naming and Shaming: Accusations and International Law in Cybersecurity

European Journal of International Law (forthcoming 2020), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-14
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 21 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2020
Martha Finnemore and Duncan B. Hollis
George Washington University and Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 1,137 (36,159)
Citation 12

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naming and shaming, accusations, cyber operations, attribution, cyberwar, cybercrime, cybersecurity, cyber attack, cyber espionage, constructivism, international law, international relations, customary international law

6.

An e-SOS for Cyberspace

Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 52, No. 2, Summer 2011
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 03 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2021
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 1,101 (37,892)

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cyberattack, cyberexploitation, cyberterrorism, cyberthreats, duty to assist, duty to rescue, international law, law of the sea, regime design, attribution, anonymity, Internet, cyberspace

7.

New Tools, New Rules: International Law and Information Operations

THE MESSAGE OF WAR: INFORMATION, INFLUENCE AND PERCEPTION IN ARMED CONFLICT, G. David and T. McKeldin, eds., 2008, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2007-15
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 24 Aug 2007
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 856 (53,949)

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international law, international humanitarian law, law of war, information operations, information warfare, cyberwar, cyberterror, cybercrime, computer network attacks, psychological operations, jus ad bellum, jus in bello, civilian distinction, perfidy, use of force

8.

Re-Thinking the Boundaries of Law in Cyberspace: A Duty to Hack?

in Cyberwar: Law & Ethics for Virtual Conflicts (J. Ohlin et al., eds., Oxford University Press, 2014 Forthcoming), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-16
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 14 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2014
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 848 (54,640)

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cyberspace, cyberwar, cybercrime, cyberthreats, cyber terrorism, cyber operations, international humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, use of force, tallinn, treaties, hack, internet, governance, boundaries, borders

9.

The Existential Function of Interpretation in International Law

Interpretation in International Law (Andrea Bianchi, Daniel Peat & Matthew Windsor, eds., Oxford University Press 2014), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-43
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 26 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2014
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 827 (56,483)
Citation 1

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existential interpretation, treaty, treaties, interpretation, treaty interpretation, sources doctrine, international law, international discourse, dispute resolution, secondary rules, international legal theory, positivism, naturalism, principle agent theory, Syria, responsibility to protect

10.

Setting the Stage: Autonomous Legal Reasoning in International Humanitarian Law

Temple International & Comparative Law Journal, Forthcoming, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-05
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2016
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 617 (82,586)

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autonomous weapons, autonomous lethal weapons, lethal autonomous weapons, international humanitarian law, IHL, laws of armed conflict, drones, killer robots, cybersecurity, cyber operations, cyberwar

11.

'Political' Commitments and the Constitution

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 49, No. 3, 2009, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-75
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 28 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2009
Duncan B. Hollis and Joshua J. Newcomer
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
Downloads 614 (83,083)

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political commitments, treaty, treaties, treaty-making, Article II, foreign affairs, dormant foreign affairs, residual foreign affairs, non-legally binding, gentleman's agreements, iraq, strategic framework agreement, constitution, international law

12.

Review Essay, Contemporary Issues in the Law of Treaties

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 101, p. 695, 2007, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-40
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 15 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 29 Jan 2008
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 533 (99,350)

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treaty, fragmentation, Hart, primary rules, secondary rules, breach, soft law, tacit amendment, ILC Study Group, optional clause jurisdiction, state responsibility, VCLT, vienna convention, kyoto protocol compliance

13.

The Influence of War; The War for Influence

Temple International & Comparative Law Journal, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2018, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-19
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 14 Jun 2018
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 499 (108,219)
Citation 3

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influence operations, information warfare, misinformation, disinformation, Russia, cybersecurity, cyberwar, fake news, elections, sovereignty, non-intervention, human rights, self-determination

14.

Unpacking the Compact Clause

Texas Law Review, 2009, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-26
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 08 May 2009 Last Revised: 19 May 2009
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 436 (126,347)

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compact clause, compact, agreement, treaty, treaties, constitution, foreign compact, states, sub-national, FSAs, vattel, interstate compact, separation of powers, federalism, Cuba, Kansas, foreign affairs power

15.

Peaceful Settlement in International Law

Texas International Law Journal, Vol. 57, No. 2, 2022, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-37
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 21 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2022
Duncan B. Hollis and Eneken Tikk
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and University of Helsinki
Downloads 417 (133,001)

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Peaceful settlement of disputes, dispute settlement, UN Charter, cyberspace, cyber conflicts, international peace and security, compliance, effectiveness, institutionalism, international law, international legal history

16.

The Global Governance of the Internet

in Duncan Snidal & Michael N. Barnnett (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of International Institutions (OUP, Forthcoming 2023), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-17
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 26 Aug 2022 Last Revised: 18 Oct 2022
Duncan B. Hollis and Kal Raustiala
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 380 (147,754)
Citation 1

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cyberspace, internet, internet governance, digital governance, multilateralism, multistakeholder, 'splinternet', regime complex

17.

Stewardship versus Sovereignty? International Law and the Apportionment of Cyberspace

Canada Centre for Global Security Studies, Cyberdialogue 2012: What Is Stewardship in Cyberspace?, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-25
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 15 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 13 Mar 2014
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 361 (156,432)
Citation 1

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cyberspace, sovereignty, stewardship, high seas, antarctic, res commuins, res nullius, governance

18.

Interpretation and International Law

Fundamental Concepts for International Law: The Construction of a Discipline (Jean d’Aspremont & Sahib Singh, eds., Edward Elgar, 2015, Forthcoming) , Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-42
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 17 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2016
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 356 (158,823)

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interpretation, application, exposition, treaties, treaty, unilateral declarations, vienna convention, textualism, teleological

19.

Executive Federalism: Forging New Federalist Constraints on the Treaty Power

Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2006-12, Southern California Law Review, Vol. 79, 2006
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 14 Apr 2006
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 342 (165,857)

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treaty, constitution, federalism, safeguards, executive, legislature, senate, congress, states' rights, enumerated powers, Supreme Court, judiciary, foreign relations, foreign affairs, international law

20.

Introduction to the Oxford Guide to Treaties

The Oxford Guide to Treaties, D. B. Hollis, ed., Oxford University Press, 2012, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-36
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 08 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 05 Oct 2012
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 331 (171,775)
Citation 1

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treaty, treaties, pacta sunt servanda, Vienna Convention, Oxford Guide to Treaties, EU, NGOs, International Organizations, human rights, treaty-making, signature, reservations, application, termination, third party rights, amendments, succession, fragmentation, treaty interpretation

21.

China and the U.S. Strategic Construction of Cybernorms: The Process is the Product

Aegis (Hoover Institution Paper Series on National Security, Technology, and Law, 2017), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-19
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2017
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 299 (191,300)

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cybernorms, cybersecurity, norms, international law, espionage, cyberespionage, intellectual property theft, China, constructivism, international humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, sovereignty

22.

Promoting International Cybersecurity Cooperation: Lessons from the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)

Temple International & Comparative Law Journal, Forthcoming, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-568, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-03
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 06 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2018
Duncan B. Hollis and Matthew C. Waxman
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and Columbia Law School
Downloads 293 (195,347)

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Cybersecurity, International Law, Proliferation Security Initiative

23.

Sources and Interpretation Theories: An Interdependent Relationship

The Oxford Handbook on the Sources of International Law (Jean d'Aspremont & Samantha Besson, eds., Oxford University Press, 2016 Forthcoming), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-46
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 12 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 08 Oct 2016
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 285 (201,030)

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sources of international law, treaties, interpretation, Article 38, Vienna Convention, existential interpretation, law ascertainment, customary international law, general principles of internationa law

24.

Defending Democracies via Cybernorms

Defending Democracies: Combating Foreign Election Interference in a Digital Age (Duncan B. Hollis & Jens David Ohlin, eds., OUP), Forthcoming, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2020-17
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 18 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 09 Sep 2020
Duncan B. Hollis and Jan Neutze
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and Independent
Downloads 284 (201,720)

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election interference, foreign election interference, hacking, cyber-attacks, elections, misinformation, disinformation, doxing, cybernorms, Paris Call, multi-stakeholder, international law, domestic law, technical measures, electoral processes

25.

International Law and Cyberspace: What Does State Silence Say?

in Danae Azaria (ed.), State Silence Across International Law (OUP, 2023, Forthcoming), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-22
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 15 Sep 2022 Last Revised: 28 Nov 2022
Duncan B. Hollis and Barrie Sander
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and Leiden University - Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs
Downloads 254 (225,687)

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cyberspace, silence, reactive silence, state silence, cyber operations, covert operations, secret operations, quasi-covert operations, international law, internet governance, multistakeholder

26.

Treaties in the Supreme Court, 1861-1900

THE U.S. SUPREME COURT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: CONTINUITY OR CHANGE? W. Dodge, M. Ramsey & D. Sloss, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2010, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-15
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 11 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2010
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 239 (239,559)

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Treaties, Supreme Court, Legal History, International Law, Later-in-Time, Last-in-Time, Private Rights, Good Faith, Liberal Interpretation, Treaty Supremacy, Self-Execution, Non-Self-Executing

27.

Threatening Force in Cyberspace

Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-02, Laura Dickinson and Edward Berg (eds.), Big Data and Armed Conflict: Legal Issues Above and Below the Armed Conflict Threshold (Oxford University Press, 2022, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Dec 2021 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2022
Duncan B. Hollis and Tsvetelina J van Benthem
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and University of Oxford, Faculty of Law
Downloads 237 (241,541)

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threats, threats of force, use of force, cyberspace, cyber operations, cyber espionage, espionage, surveillance, cyber war, jus ad bellum, tunnels

28.

Disaggregating Devils Lake: Can Non-State Actors, Hegemony, or Principal-Agent Theory Explain the Boundary Waters Treaty?

Responsibility of Individuals, States and Organizations, 2007, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2007-05
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 29 Mar 2007
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 218 (261,362)
Citation 1

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international law, international environmental law, non-state actors, hegemonic law, hegemony, principal-agent theory, trustees, Boundary Waters Treaty, BWT, International Joint Commission, IJC, treaty interpretation, VCLT, slippage, Canada, Garrison, pollution, invasive species, risk, precaution

29.

International Decision: Spector V. Norwegian Cruise Line Ltd.

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 99, p. 881, 2005
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 01 Dec 2006
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 164 (337,259)

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international law, comity, charming betsy, flag state, jurisdiction, extraterritoriality

30.

Delimiting "Agreements" for International Law

65 Virginia Journal of International Law Online, Forthcoming, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2024-11
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 19 Apr 2024 Last Revised: 14 May 2024
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 163 (339,029)

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agreement, agreements, treaty, treaties, non-binding agreement, political commitment, soft law, memorandum of understanding, commitment, mutuality, tacit agreement

31.

Do International Agreements Have a Consent Problem?

in Samantha Besson (ed.), Consenting to International Law (CUP, 2023, Forthcoming), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-23
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 12 Sep 2022 Last Revised: 28 Nov 2022
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 143 (377,575)

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consent, international agreement, treaty, political commitment, non-binding agreement, contract, treaty-making, formalities, intent, will, interpretation, amendment

32.

Guidelines of the Inter-American Juridical Committee on Binding and Non-Binding Agreements

Organization of American States, Inter-American Juridical Committee, Resolution CJI/RES. 259 (XCVII-O/20) (2020), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-12
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 19 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2021
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 127 (414,029)

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treaties, international agreements, political commitments, inter-institutional agreements, informal agreements, MOUs, inter-state contracts, binding agreements, non-binding agreements, binding instruments, non-binding instruments

33.

The Elusive Foreign Compact

Missouri Law Review, Vol. 73, No. 4, 2008, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-27
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 08 May 2009 Last Revised: 18 May 2009
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 122 (426,675)

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compact clause, compact, foreign compact, states, treaty, treaties, agreements, missouri, missouri v. holland, manitoba, separation of powers, federalism

34.

An Intersubjective Treaty Power

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 90, No. 4, 2015, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-05
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 14 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 07 Feb 2015
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 121 (429,384)

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treaty, treaties, treaty power, intersubjectivity, intersubjective, federalism, constitution, foreign relations law, states rights, international concern, treaty formation, ratification, private international law, human rights, native american relations

35.

Treaty Self-Execution as 'Foreign' Foreign Relations Law?

Forthcoming in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Foreign Relations Law (Curtis A. Bradley ed.), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-25
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 09 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 12 Sep 2018
Duncan B. Hollis and Carlos Manuel Vazquez
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 92 (520,443)

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36.

Preface and Introduction to the Second Edition of the Oxford Guide to Treaties

The Oxford Guide to Treaties, Second Edition (OUP, 2020), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2020-18
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 02 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 09 Sep 2020
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 80 (566,952)

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Treaty, Treaties, Pacta Sunt Servanda, Vienna Convention, MOUs, Soft Law, Political Commitments, Effectiveness, Compliance, EU, NGOs, International Organizations, Human Rights, Treaty-Making, Signature, Reservations, Application, Termination

37.

Review: Treaties and Their Practice -- Symptoms of Their Rise and Decline

114 Am J. Int'l Law. 785 (2020), Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-04
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 02 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 15 Jan 2021
Duncan B. Hollis
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
Downloads 75 (588,398)

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treaty, treaties, international law, peace, security, human rights, trade, investment, climate change, environment, treaty practice, treaty compliance, treaty effectiveness