Efraim Benmelech

Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management

Harold L. Stuart Professor of Finance

Evanston, IL 60208

United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

40

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Top 4,947

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8,990

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 1,026

in Total Papers Citations

481

CROSSREF CITATIONS

563

Scholarly Papers (40)

Did the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) Lead to Risky Lending?

Kreisman Working Papers Series in Housing Law and Policy No. 8
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 08 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 08 Jan 2015
Sumit Agarwal, Efraim Benmelech, Nittai Bergman and Amit Seru
National University of Singapore, Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Tel Aviv University and Stanford University
Downloads 1,642 (10,973)
Citation 1

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CRA, Financial Institutions, Mortgages, Financial Crisis, Household Finance

Did the Community Reinvestment Act (Cra) Lead to Risky Lending?

NBER Working Paper No. w18609
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 07 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2012
Sumit Agarwal, Efraim Benmelech, Nittai Bergman and Amit Seru
National University of Singapore, Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Tel Aviv University and Stanford University
Downloads 125 (245,472)
Citation 2

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Securitization without Adverse Selection: The Case of CLOs

AFA 2010 Atlanta Meetings Paper
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 16 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 15 Feb 2018
Efraim Benmelech, Jennifer Dlugosz and Victoria Ivashina
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School and Harvard University
Downloads 1,104 (20,190)
Citation 36

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Structured finance, Collateralized loan obligations (CLOs), CDOs, Syndicated loans

Securitization Without Adverse Selection: The Case of Clos

NBER Working Paper No. w16766
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 07 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2011
Efraim Benmelech, Jennifer Dlugosz and Victoria Ivashina
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School and Harvard University
Downloads 53 (414,763)

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3.
Downloads 712 (38,281)
Citation 1

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Credit Rating

4.
Downloads 545 ( 54,322)
Citation 2

Financing Labor

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 May 2015
Efraim Benmelech, Nittai Bergman and Amit Seru
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Tel Aviv University and Stanford University
Downloads 346 (93,201)
Citation 3

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Credit, Financial Constraints, Labor, Unemployment.

Financing Labor

NBER Working Paper No. w17144
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 Jun 2011
Efraim Benmelech, Nittai Bergman and Amit Seru
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Tel Aviv University and Stanford University
Downloads 199 (165,338)

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5.
Downloads 498 ( 60,889)
Citation 42

Collateral Pricing

AFA 2008 New Orleans Meetings Paper
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 06 Feb 2007
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 438 (70,640)
Citation 42

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Collateral, Secured debt, Redeployability, Airlines

Collateral Pricing

NBER Working Paper No. w13874
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 19 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 09 Jul 2008
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 60 (390,329)

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6.

The Credit Rating Crisis

NBER Working Paper No. w15045
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 08 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 03 Oct 2010
Efraim Benmelech and Jennifer Dlugosz
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management and Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School
Downloads 410 (77,197)
Citation 5

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The Real Effects of Liquidity During the Financial Crisis: Evidence from Automobiles

Number of pages: 74 Posted: 18 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2016
Efraim Benmelech, Ralf R. Meisenzahl and Rodney Ramcharan
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Federal Reserve Board and University of Southern California, Marshall School of Business
Downloads 322 (101,092)
Citation 3

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liquidity, crises, credit

The Real Effects of Liquidity During the Financial Crisis: Evidence from Automobiles

NBER Working Paper No. w22148
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 11 Apr 2016
Efraim Benmelech, Ralf R. Meisenzahl and Rodney Ramcharan
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Federal Reserve Board and University of Southern California, Marshall School of Business
Downloads 17 (603,018)
Citation 13

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8.
Downloads 335 ( 97,295)
Citation 54

Stock-Based Compensation and CEO (Dis)Incentives

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 27 Mar 2008
Efraim Benmelech, Eugene Kandel and Pietro Veronesi
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 278 (118,568)
Citation 2

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executive compensation, corporate governance

Stock-Based Compensation and CEO (Dis)Incentives

NBER Working Paper No. w13732
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 11 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Efraim Benmelech, Pietro Veronesi and Eugene Kandel
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, University of Chicago - Booth School of Business and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics
Downloads 52 (418,464)

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Stock-Based Compensation and CEO (Dis)Incentives

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP6515
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 05 Jun 2008
Efraim Benmelech, Eugene Kandel and Pietro Veronesi
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 5 (692,957)
Citation 12
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CEO compensation, Sub-optimal investments

9.
Downloads 325 (100,641)

The Decline of Secured Debt

Number of pages: 72 Posted: 10 Jan 2020 Last Revised: 12 May 2020
Efraim Benmelech, Nitish Kumar and Raghuram G. Rajan
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, University of Florida and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 311 (105,018)

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Corporate Finance, Development of the American Economy, Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Law and Economics

The Decline of Secured Debt

NBER Working Paper No. w26637
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 13 Jan 2020
Efraim Benmelech, Nitish Kumar and Raghuram G. Rajan
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, University of Florida and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 14 (624,649)
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Liquidation Values and the Credibility of Financial Contract Renegotiation: Evidence from U.S. Airlines

9th Annual Texas Finance Festival
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 12 Mar 2007 Last Revised: 23 May 2008
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 276 (119,431)
Citation 39

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Renegotiation, Liquidation Values, Incomplete Contracts, Aircraft

Liquidation Values and the Credibility of Financial Contract Renegotiation: Evidence from U.S. Airlines

NBER Working Paper No. w14059
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 09 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2008
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 15 (617,195)

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Strong Employers and Weak Employees: How Does Employer Concentration Affect Wages?

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 22 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2019
Efraim Benmelech, Nittai Bergman and Hyunseob Kim
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Tel Aviv University and Cornell University - Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management
Downloads 238 (139,135)
Citation 10

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Monopsony, Wages, Labor Share, Productivity, Employer Concentration

Strong Employers and Weak Employees: How Does Employer Concentration Affect Wages?

NBER Working Paper No. w24307
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 02 Jun 2018
Efraim Benmelech, Nittai Bergman and Hyunseob Kim
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Tel Aviv University and Cornell University - Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management
Downloads 12 (639,659)
Citation 1
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12.

The Political Economy of Financial Regulation: Evidence from U.S. State Usury Laws in the 18th and 19th Century

AFA 2007 Chicago Meetings Paper
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 17 Mar 2006
Efraim Benmelech and Tobias J. Moskowitz
Downloads 247 (134,684)
Citation 18

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Financial Development, Regulation, Usury

13.
Downloads 225 (147,486)
Citation 10

Negotiating with Labor Under Financial Distress

AFA 2011 Denver Meetings Paper
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 25 Feb 2010
Efraim Benmelech, Nittai Bergman and Ricardo Enriquez
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Tel Aviv University and Harvard University
Downloads 205 (160,733)
Citation 11

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Labor, Finance, Pension, Negotiations

Negotiating with Labor Under Financial Distress

NBER Working Paper No. w17192
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 11 Jul 2011
Efraim Benmelech, Nittai Bergman and Ricardo Enriquez
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Tel Aviv University and Harvard University
Downloads 20 (581,711)

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14.
Downloads 220 (150,749)
Citation 9

Credit Traps

AFA 2011 Denver Meetings Paper
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 14 Mar 2010
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 192 (170,946)
Citation 9

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Liquidity, Credit Channel of Monetary Policy, Collateral, Banking

Credit Traps

NBER Working Paper No. w16200
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 19 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 31 Jul 2010
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 28 (529,068)

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Economic Conditions and the Quality of Suicide Terrorism

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 26 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 25 Feb 2010
Efraim Benmelech, Claude Berrebi and Esteban F. Klor
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Hebrew University of Jerusalem - School of Public Policy and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics
Downloads 171 (189,656)

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Quantity and Quality of Terrorism, Economic Conditions, Suicide Terrorists

Economic Conditions and the Quality of Suicide Terrorism

NBER Working Paper No. w16320
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 30 Aug 2010
Efraim Benmelech, Claude Berrebi and Esteban F. Klor
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Hebrew University of Jerusalem - School of Public Policy and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics
Downloads 23 (561,263)

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Economic Conditions and the Quality of Suicide Terrorism

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP7995
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 14 Nov 2010
Efraim Benmelech, Claude Berrebi and Esteban F. Klor
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Hebrew University of Jerusalem - School of Public Policy and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics
Downloads 2 (721,135)
Citation 3
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Economic Conditions, Quantity and Quality of Terrorism, Suicide Terrorists

16.
Downloads 174 (186,745)
Citation 7

Vintage Capital and Creditor Protection

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 26 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2008
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 157 (204,193)
Citation 7

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Vintage Capital, Creditor Rights, Finance and Growth, Airlines

Vintage Capital and Creditor Protection

NBER Working Paper No. w15735
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 10 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 01 Jul 2010
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 17 (603,018)

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17.

The Alchemy of Cdo Credit Ratings

NBER Working Paper No. w14878
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 20 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 28 Aug 2010
Efraim Benmelech and Jennifer Dlugosz
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management and Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School
Downloads 173 (187,717)
Citation 12

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18.
Downloads 108 (271,958)
Citation 5

Credit Market Freezes

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 22 Jun 2017
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 92 (304,779)

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Credit Market, Financial Crises, Illiquidity

Credit Market Freezes

NBER Working Paper No. w23512
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 19 Jun 2017
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 16 (609,934)
Citation 2

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19.
Downloads 107 (273,719)
Citation 2

What Explains the Flow of Foreign Fighters to Isis?

NBER Working Paper No. w22190
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 06 May 2016
Efraim Benmelech and Esteban F. Klor
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics
Downloads 54 (411,191)
Citation 1

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What Explains the Flow of Foreign Fighters to ISIS?

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 10 May 2016
Efraim Benmelech and Esteban F. Klor
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics
Downloads 53 (414,763)

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Credit Rating

Civic Capital and Social Distancing During the COVID-19 Pandemic

NBER Working Paper No. w27320
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 10 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 17 Jun 2020
Washington University in St. Louis - Olin Business School, Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management - Department of Finance and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 63 (380,667)

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Civic Capital and Social Distancing During the COVID-19 Pandemic

University of Chicago, Becker Friedman Institute for Economics Working Paper No. 2020-74
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 01 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2020
Washington University in St. Louis - Olin Business School, Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management - Department of Finance and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 39 (472,059)
Citation 3

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Civic Capital and Social Distancing During the Covid-19 Pandemic

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14900
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 29 Jun 2020
Washington University in St. Louis - Olin Business School, Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management - Department of Finance and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
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Civic capital, COVID, voluntary compliance

22.
Downloads 102 (282,886)

Secured Credit Spreads

University of Chicago, Becker Friedman Institute for Economics Working Paper No. 2020-14
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 04 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 12 May 2020
Efraim Benmelech, Nitish Kumar and Raghuram G. Rajan
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, University of Florida and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 68 (365,454)

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Secured Credit Spreads

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 02 Mar 2020
Efraim Benmelech, Nitish Kumar and Raghuram G. Rajan
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, University of Florida and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 34 (495,995)

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Secured Debt, Credit Spreads, Business Cycle, Distress

23.

The Political Economy of Financial Regulation: Evidence from U.S. State Usury Laws in the 19th Century

NBER Working Paper No. w12851
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 24 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2013
Tobias J. Moskowitz and Efraim Benmelech
Downloads 83 (322,359)
Citation 4

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24.

Military CEOS

NBER Working Paper No. w19782
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 04 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 23 Jan 2014
Efraim Benmelech and Carola Frydman
Downloads 80 (329,576)
Citation 25

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Counter-Suicide-Terrorism: Evidence from House Demolitions

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 19 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2020
Efraim Benmelech, Claude Berrebi and Esteban F. Klor
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Hebrew University of Jerusalem - School of Public Policy and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics
Downloads 46 (441,727)

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Counterterrorism, House Demolitions, Suicide Terrorists

Counter-Suicide-Terrorism: Evidence from House Demolitions

NBER Working Paper No. w16493
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 01 Nov 2010
Efraim Benmelech, Claude Berrebi and Esteban F. Klor
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Hebrew University of Jerusalem - School of Public Policy and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics
Downloads 25 (547,840)

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26.

Do Liquidation Values Affect Financial Contracts? Evidence from Commercial Loan Contracts and Zoning Regulation

NBER Working Paper No. w11004
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 20 Jan 2005 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2014
Efraim Benmelech, Tobias J. Moskowitz and Mark J. Garmaise
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Yale University, Yale SOM and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Anderson School of Management
Downloads 64 (372,605)
Citation 13

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27.

Attack Assignments in Terror Organizations and the Productivity of Suicide Bombers

NBER Working Paper No. w12910
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 17 Feb 2007 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2007
Efraim Benmelech and Claude Berrebi
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - School of Public Policy
Downloads 61 (381,792)

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28.

Bankruptcy and the Collateral Channel

NBER Working Paper No. w15708
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 01 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 06 Feb 2010
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 53 (408,153)
Citation 10

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29.

Repossession and the Democratization of Credit

NBER Working Paper No. w17858
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 24 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2014
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio) - Department of Economics, Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 34 (484,327)
Citation 5

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The Determinants of Fiscal and Monetary Policies During the COVID-19 Crisis

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 26 Jun 2020
Efraim Benmelech and Nitzan Tzur-Ilan
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management and Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management
Downloads 23 (561,263)

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The Determinants of Fiscal and Monetary Policies During the Covid-19 Crisis

NBER Working Paper No. w27461
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 07 Jul 2020
Efraim Benmelech and Nitzan Tzur-Ilan
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management and Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management
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31.

Making the House a Home: The Stimulative Effect of Home Purchases on Consumption and Investment

NBER Working Paper No. w23570
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 17 Jul 2017
Efraim Benmelech, Adam M. Guren and Brian Melzer
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Boston University - Department of Economics and Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
Downloads 23 (543,966)

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32.

The Agglomeration of Bankruptcy

NBER Working Paper No. w20254
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 30 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2014
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Tel Aviv University, Deloitte Consulting LLP and Georgetown University - McDonough School of Business
Downloads 23 (543,966)
Citation 1

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33.

Does Short-Term Debt Increase Vulnerability to Crisis? Evidence from the East Asian Financial Crisis

NBER Working Paper No. w17468
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 30 Sep 2011
Efraim Benmelech and Eyal Dvir
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management and Charles River Associates (CRA) - Competition Practice
Downloads 22 (550,177)
Citation 1

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34.

An Empirical Analysis of the Fed's Term Auction Facility

NBER Working Paper No. w18304
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 18 Aug 2012
Efraim Benmelech
Downloads 20 (562,589)
Citation 1

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35.

The Economic Cost of Harboring Terrorism

NBER Working Paper No. w15465
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 03 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2009
Efraim Benmelech, Claude Berrebi and Esteban F. Klor
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Hebrew University of Jerusalem - School of Public Policy and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics
Downloads 19 (569,047)
Citation 2

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37.

Debt, Information, and Illiquidity

NBER Working Paper No. w25054
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 17 Sep 2018
Efraim Benmelech and Nittai Bergman
Downloads 5 (663,774)

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38.

Secured Credit Spreads

NBER Working Paper No. w26799
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 02 Mar 2020
Efraim Benmelech, Nitish Kumar and Raghuram G. Rajan
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, University of Florida and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 3 (679,114)
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39.

Asset Salability and Debt Maturity: Evidence from Nineteenth-Century American Railroads

The Review of Financial Studies, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 1545-1584, 2009
Posted: 23 Mar 2009
Efraim Benmelech

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G32, G33, L92, N21, N71

40.

Human capital and the productivity of suicide bombers

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES -VOL. 21, NO. 3, SUMMER 2007 (pp. 223-238) - https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/jep.21.3.223 DOI: 10.1257/jep.21.3.223
Efraim Benmelech and Claude Berrebi
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management and Hebrew University of Jerusalem - School of Public Policy

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Human Capital, Skills, Occupational Choice, Labor Productivity, National Security, War, Terrorism