Alexandra B. Klass

University of Minnesota Law School

229 19th Avenue South

Minneapolis, MN 55455

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

46

DOWNLOADS
Rank 4,068

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 4,068

in Total Papers Downloads

10,488

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 20,980

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 20,980

in Total Papers Citations

8

CROSSREF CITATIONS

35

Scholarly Papers (46)

1.

A Response to the IPCC Fifth Assessment

Environmental Law Reporter, Vol. 45, No. 1, 2015, Albany Law School Research Paper No. 9 for 2015-2016, Touro Law Center Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 15-42
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 06 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 24 May 2016
University of Oregon School of Law, Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law, Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law, University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law, Widener University - Commonwealth Law School, Albany Law School, University of Minnesota Law School, Pace Law School, University of Idaho College of Law - Boise, University of Miami - School of Law, Oklahoma City University - School of Law, Drake University Law School, Oregon State University, College of Business and University of California Hastings College of the Law
Downloads 636 (45,028)

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2.

Transporting Oil and Gas: U.S. Infrastructure Challenges

Iowa Law Review, Vol. 100, No. 3, 2015, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-17
Number of pages: 108 Posted: 20 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2015
Alexandra B. Klass and Danielle Meinhardt
University of Minnesota Law School and University of Minnesota Law School - Joint Degree Program in Law, Science & Technology
Downloads 560 (53,042)

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oil, petroleum, natural gas, oil pipelines, natural gas pipelines, shale gas, shale oil, FERC, Keystone XL Pipeline, Bakken Shale, fracking, hydraulic fracturing, LNG, energy, transportation, rail

3.

Climate Change and Carbon Sequestration: Assessing a Liability Regime for Long-Term Storage of Carbon Dioxide

58 Emory L.J. 103 (2008)
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 11 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 27 May 2014
Alexandra B. Klass and Elizabeth J. Wilson
University of Minnesota Law School and Dartmouth College
Downloads 503 (60,758)

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carbon, capture, sequestration, climate change, global warming, tort liaiblity, insurance, bonding, property rights, geologic sequestration

4.

Interstate Transmission Challenges for Renewable Energy: A Federalism Mismatch

65 Vanderbilt Law Review 1801 (2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-11
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 29 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2015
Alexandra B. Klass and Elizabeth J. Wilson
University of Minnesota Law School and Dartmouth College
Downloads 464 (67,138)

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renewable energy, wind, energy, FERC, RTO, ISO, Federalism, electricity, utilities, transmission lines, transmission

5.

Climate Change, Carbon Sequestration, and Property Rights

University of Illinois Law Review, Vol. 2010, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-15
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 02 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 27 May 2014
Elizabeth J. Wilson and Alexandra B. Klass
Dartmouth College and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 445 (70,696)

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climate change, carbon sequestration, carbon storage, geologic carbon sequestration, property rights, fifth amendment, takings, physical takings, regulatory takings, natural gas act, underground waste injection, secondary oil and gas recovery

6.

The Frontier of Eminent Domain

79 University of Colorado Law Review 651 (2008)
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 17 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2013
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 409 (78,162)

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public use, takings, Interior West, property reforms, split-estate, economic development, eminent domain, fifth amendment, due process, natural resources, oil, gas, coalbed methane, Kelo

7.

Adverse Possession and Conservation: Expanding Traditional Notions of Use and Possession

77 University of Colorado Law Review 283 (2006)
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 13 Sep 2005
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 399 (80,456)

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Adverse Possession, Conservation, Environmental Law, Property, Undeveloped

8.

Punitive Damages and Valuing Harm

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 92, p. 83, 2007, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 07-08
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 15 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2007
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 387 (83,325)

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punitive damages, tort, environmental law, natural resources, due process, damages, Exxon Valdez

9.

From Reservoirs to Remediation: The Impact of CERCLA on Common Law Strict Liability Environmental Claims

39 Wake Forest Law Review 903 (2004)
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 11 Mar 2005 Last Revised: 17 Jan 2014
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 360 (90,605)

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10.

Property Rights on the New Frontier: Climate Change, Natural Resource Development, and Renewable Energy

Ecology Law Quarterly, Vol. 38, p. 63, 2011, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-61
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 11 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2015
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 354 (92,351)

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Climate Change, Natural Resources, Solar, Wind, Renewable Energy, Property Rights, Water Law, Prior Appropriation, Mining Law, Land Use Planning, State Permitting, Public Lands

11.

Modern Public Trust Principles: Recognizing Rights and Integrating Standards

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 82, p. 699, 2006, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-51
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 05 Oct 2006
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 351 (93,280)

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Public Trust Doctrine, Environment, Property, Environmental Rights, Environmental Protection, Constitutional Law, Common Law, Natural Resources

12.

Energy Policy, Extraterritoriality, and the Dormant Commerce Clause

5 San Diego J. of Climate & Energy L. 127 (2013-2014), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-01
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 11 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 13 Oct 2017
Alexandra B. Klass and Elizabeth Henley
University of Minnesota Law School and University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 327 (100,941)
Citation 4

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13.

Climate Change and the Convergence of Environmental and Energy Law

24 Fordham Environmental Law Review 180 (2013), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-12
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 24 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 04 Jun 2013
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 327 (100,941)

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Climate Change, Environmental Law, Energy Law, Renewable Portfolio Standards, Low Carbon Fuel Standard, Global Warming Solutions Act, Next Generation Energy Act

14.

Renewable Energy and the Public Trust Doctrine

45 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1021 (2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-12
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 19 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2015
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 286 (116,761)

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renewable energy, wind energy, solar energy, public lands, federal lands, public trust doctrine, offshore wind, onshore wind

15.

Common Law and Federalism in the Age of the Regulatory State

Iowa Law Review, Vol. 92, p. 545, 2007, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-26
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 28 Jun 2006
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 260 (129,064)

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Environment, Federalism, Common Law, Tort, Natural Resources, Environmental Law

16.

Revitalizing Dormant Commerce Clause Review for Interstate Coordination

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 100, No. 1 , 2015, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-07, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 15-14
Number of pages: 89 Posted: 02 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2015
Alexandra B. Klass and Jim Rossi
University of Minnesota Law School and Vanderbilt University - Law School
Downloads 259 (129,546)
Citation 2

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Federalism, Dormant Commerce Clause, Energy Markets, Energy Law, Renewable Energy, Electricity Transmission, Oil Pipelines, Eminent Domain, Public Utilities

17.

Energy and Eminent Domain

104 Minn. L. Rev. 659 (2019), SMU Dedman School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 413
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 01 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2019
James W. Coleman and Alexandra B. Klass
Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 240 (139,848)

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energy law, eminent domain, pipeline, power line, property law, constitutional law, just compensation, oil and gas, power transmission, takings, carbon, climate change, fracking, linear infrastructure

18.

Expanding the U.S. Electric Transmission and Distribution Grid to Meet Deep Decarbonization Goals

Michael B. Gerrard & John Dernbach, eds., Legal Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in the United States (2018 from ELI) Forthcoming, Environmental Law Reporter, Vol. 47, 2017
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 14 Sep 2017
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 240 (139,848)
Citation 1

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electric transmission lines, climate change, decarbonization, deep decarbonization, land use, public utility commissions, federal power act, federal energy regulatory commission, eminent domain, takings, land use, electric grid, wind energy, energy storage, public lands, electric utilities, departme

19.

Remaking Energy: The Critical Role of Energy Consumption Data

104 Calif. L. Rev. 1095 (2016), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-28
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 15 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 03 Mar 2020
Alexandra B. Klass and Elizabeth J. Wilson
University of Minnesota Law School and Dartmouth College
Downloads 232 (144,581)

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smart grid, customer energy usage data, energy consumption data, distributed generation, micro-grids, distributed energy, distributed generation, energy efficiency, building benchmarking, privacy, TRI, GHG emissions data, green buildings, health care data, education data

20.

State Innovation and Preemption: Lessons from State Climate Change Efforts

Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review,, Vol. 42, p. 1653, 2008, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-07
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 15 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2014
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 227 (147,642)

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federal preemption, state law, federalism, climate change, global warming, environmental law, air pollution, supremacy clause, agency action, EPA, FDA

21.

Takings and Transmission

91 North Carolina Law Review 1079 (2013), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-48
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 22 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 07 May 2013
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 226 (148,281)

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takings, eminent domain, electric transmission lines, renewable energy, merchant transmission lines, FERC Order 1000, Interstate Transmission Lines, Kelo, federalism

22.

Punitive Damages after Exxon Shipping Company v. Baker: The Quest for Predictability and the Role of Juries

University of St. Thomas Law Journal, Vol. 7, p. 182, 2009, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-35
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 15 Jun 2010
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 201 (165,474)

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punitive damages, due process, ratios, Exxon Valdez, oil spill, deterrence, predictability, retribution, juries

23.

Reconstituting the Federalism Battle in Energy Transportation

41 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 423 (2017), University of Minnesota Law School, Legal Studies Research Paper Series, No. 16-27, Vanderbilt Law Research Paper No. 17-09
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 10 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 13 Aug 2017
Alexandra B. Klass and Jim Rossi
University of Minnesota Law School and Vanderbilt University - Law School
Downloads 195 (170,268)
Citation 2

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Constitution Pipeline, Plains and Eastern Clean Line, Clean Line Energy Partners, renewable energy, federalism, Clean Water Act, Coastal Zone Management Act, Clean Water Act Certification, electric tranasmission lines, eminent domain, natural gas, electricity

24.

Energy Consumption Data: The Key to Improved Energy Efficiency

6 San Diego Journal of Climate and Energy Law 69 (2015), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-13
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 08 May 2015 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2015
Alexandra B. Klass and Elizabeth J. Wilson
University of Minnesota Law School and Dartmouth College
Downloads 195 (170,268)

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Energy efficiency, green buildings, energy consumption data, smart meters, data privacy, building benchmarking, customer energy usage data, consumer energy usage data, climate change

25.

Tax Benefits, Property Rights, and Mandates: Considering the Future of Government Support for Renewable Energy

20 J. of Envtl. & Sustainability L. 19 (2013), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-11
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 24 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2015
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 194 (171,035)

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tax policy, natural resources, energy policy, production tax credit, PTC, renewable fuel standard, low carbon fuel standard, climate change, renewable portfolio standards, eminent domain, split estate, biofuels, ethanol, wind energy, solar energy

26.

State Standards for Nationwide Products Revisited: Federalism, Green Building Codes, and Appliance Efficiency Standards

Harvard Environmental Law Review, Vol. 34, p. 335, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-38
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 21 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2014
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 185 (178,479)

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federalism, preemption, appliance efficiency, green building, LEED, climate change, greenhouse gases

27.

Restoring the Trust: Water Resources and the Public Trust Doctrine, A Manual for Advocates

CPR White Paper #908, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-41
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 23 Sep 2009
Alexandra B. Klass and Ling-Yee Huang
University of Minnesota Law School and Independent
Downloads 176 (186,553)

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public trust, water, groundwater, riparian, prior appropriation, Fifth Amendment takings, background principle

28.

Bees, Trees, Preemption and Nuisance: a New Path to Resolving Pesticide Land Disputes

Ecology Law Quarterly, Vol. 32, p. 763, 2005
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 26 Apr 2005 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2008
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 160 (202,464)

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29.

Pesticides, Children's Health Policy and Common Law Tort Claims

7 Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology 89 (2005)
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 30 Nov 2005
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 157 (205,724)

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Children's Health, Daubert, Pesticides, Tort, Burden of Proof, Evidence, Products Liability, Common Law

30.

Future-Proofing Energy Transport Law

94 Wash. U. L. Rev. 827 (2017), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-11
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 18 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 153 (210,243)

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oil pipelines, gas pipelines, electric transmission lines, merchant transmission lines, oil by rail, federalism, energy transport, renewable energy

31.

Tort Experiments in the Laboratories of Democracy

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 50, 2009, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-37
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 07 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2009
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 151 (212,564)

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tort law, federalism, preemption, punitive damags, privacy rights, publicity rights, Supreme Court, Congress, consumer protection, environmental protection

32.

The Public Trust Doctrine in the Shadow of State Environmental Rights Laws: A Case Study

45 Environmental Law 431 (2015), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-15
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 05 Jun 2015
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 143 (222,147)

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public trust doctrine, environmental law, White Bear Lake, Minnesota Environmental Rights Act, groundwater wells, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, natural resources, public trust resources, public trust principles

33.

When Do State Transmission Siting Laws Violate the Constitution?

Electricity Journal, vol 28, issue 7, pp. 6-18 (2015), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-44, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 16-1
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 19 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2016
Alexandra B. Klass and Jim Rossi
University of Minnesota Law School and Vanderbilt University - Law School
Downloads 135 (232,622)

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Dormant Commerce Clause, Energy Law, Electric Power, Transmission, Infrastructure, Renewable Power

34.

The Electric Grid at a Crossroads: A Regional Approach to Siting Transmission Lines

48 UC Davis Law Review 1895 (2015), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-37
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 29 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2015
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 135 (232,622)

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electric transmission lines, preemption, natural gas, electricity, energy policy act, regional transmission organizations, RTOs, ISOs, energy, energy transportation, natural gas pipelines, electric transmission lines, natural gas act

35.

The Clean Power Plan: Issues to Watch

Center for Progressive Reform Issue Alert, No. 1506, August 2015, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2015-50, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-50, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-43
Number of pages: 92 Posted: 12 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 09 Jan 2016
University of San Francisco - School of Law, Georgetown University Law Center, Syracuse University College of Law, University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law, University of Houston Law Center, George Washington University - Law School, George Washington University - Law School, University of Minnesota Law School, University of Texas at Austin - School of Law, Lewis & Clark Law School and University of Cincinnati - College of Law
Downloads 130 (239,553)

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Environmental Protection Agency, Clean Power Plan, Clean Air Act, federalism, environmental justice, energy, cap-and-trade, offsets

36.

Public Utilities and Transportation Electrification

104 Iowa Law Review 545 (2019)
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 31 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 23 Jan 2019
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 125 (246,755)

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electric vehicles, EV charging, transportation electrification, deep decarbonization, public utility commissions, regulated industries, electric utilities, public utility regulation, independent agencies, agency procedures, agency adjudication, agency rulemaking, zero emission vehicles

37.

Energy and Animals: A History of Conflict

San Diego Journal of Climate & Energy Law, Vol. 3, p. 159, 2012, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-15
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 08 Apr 2012
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 117 (259,306)

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renewable energy, energy, hydropower, coal, oil and gas, endangered species, animals, animal protection

38.

Life Cycle Analysis and Transportation Energy

Brooklyn Law Review, Vol. 82, p. 485, 2017, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-20
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 22 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 04 Jul 2017
Alexandra B. Klass and Andrew Heiring
University of Minnesota Law School and University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, School of Law, Students
Downloads 89 (311,538)

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life cycle analysis, life cycle assessment, renewable fuels standard, electric vehicles, energy transportation, greenhouse gas emissions, biofuels, corn ethanol

39.

CERCLA, State Law, and Federalism in the 21st Century

41 Southwestern L. Rev. 679 (2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-10
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 23 Feb 2013
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 82 (327,750)

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CERCLA, contamination, remediation, federalism, MERLA, jury trials, contaminated property, cleanup, hazardous substance, hazardous waste

40.

Eminent Domain Law as Climate Policy

2020 Wisconsin Law Review 49 (2020)
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 16 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 08 Jun 2020
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 64 (375,981)

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eminent domain, clean energy laws, renewable energy, natural gas pipelines, oil pipelines, electric transmission lines, public use, renewable portfolio standards

41.

Carbon Sequestration and Sustainability

Tulsa Law Review, Vol. 44, p. 237, 2008
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Aug 2010
Alexandra B. Klass and Sara E. Bergan
University of Minnesota Law School and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 59 (391,513)

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Geologic Carbon Capture and Sequestration, CCS, Sustainability, Climate Change, Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change Mitigation

42.

Regulating the Energy 'Free Riders'

100 Boston University Law Review 581 (2020)
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 06 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 30 Mar 2020
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 56 (401,620)

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energy efficiency, rooftop solar, distributed solar, value of solar tariff, free rider, EVs, electric vehicles, EV charging, public utility commissions, cost-benefit analysis, precautionary principle

43.

Energy Law and Policy

Energy Law and Policy (West Academic Publishing, 2d ed. 2018), ISBN: 978-1-64020-828-5
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 24 Feb 2020
Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law, University of Minnesota Law School, The Pennsylvania State University (University Park) – Penn State Law, University of Cincinnati - College of Law and Dartmouth College
Downloads 40 (466,154)

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energy law, energy policy, energy resources, nuclear energy, wind energy, coal, natural gas, electricity, transportation, ethanol, renewable energy, solar energy, offshore drilling, hydraulic fracturing, ratemaking, public utility commissions, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, grid modernization

44.

The Law of Energy Exports

California Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 06 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 10 Mar 2020
Alexandra B. Klass and Shantal Pai
University of Minnesota Law School and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 26 (530,695)

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Commerce Clause, Dormant Commerce Clause, Land Use, Environmental Protection, Coal, Oil, Natural Gas, Export Terminals, Dormant Foreign Commerce Clause, Energy Exports, Federalism, Clean Energy Laws, Climate Change, Millennium Bulk Terminal, GHG Emissions

45.

Transmission, Distribution, and Storage: Grid Integration, Ch. 20

Legal Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in the United States, 2019
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 16 Oct 2019
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 22 (555,103)

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electric transmission lines, distributed energy, deep decarbonization, energy storage, microgrids

46.

The Public Use Clause in an Age of U.S. Natural Gas Exports

72 Stanford Law Review Online (Apr. 2020)
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 11 May 2020
Alexandra B. Klass
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 6 (663,571)

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natural gas, public use, Fifth Amendment, energy exports, FERC, Natural Gas Act, eminent domain, property rights climate change