Tonja Jacobi

Emory University School of Law

1301 Clifton Road

Atlanta, GA 30322

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

45

DOWNLOADS
Rank 4,204

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Top 4,204

in Total Papers Downloads

13,914

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 11,685

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 11,685

in Total Papers Citations

40

CROSSREF CITATIONS

63

Scholarly Papers (45)

1.

Justice, Interrupted: The Effect of Gender, Ideology and Seniority at Supreme Court Oral Arguments

103 Virginia Law Review 1379 (2017), Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 17-03
Number of pages: 108 Posted: 16 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2017
Tonja Jacobi and Dylan Schweers
Emory University School of Law and Northwestern Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 6,326 (1,735)
Citation 2

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Oral arguments, Supreme Court, ideology, gender, seniority, interruptions, judicial behavior, advocate behavior

2.

Taking Laughter Seriously at the Supreme Court

72 Vanderbilt Law Review 1423
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 13 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 30 Aug 2021
Tonja Jacobi and Matthew Sag
Emory University School of Law and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 710 (53,635)

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Humor, Laughter, Advocacy, Oral argument, Supreme Court, Judges, Justices of the Supreme Court, Polarization, Judicial decision-making, Judicial behavior, Empirical legal studies

3.

The New Oral Argument: Justices as Advocates

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 94, 2019
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 06 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2018
Tonja Jacobi and Matthew Sag
Emory University School of Law and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 612 (64,975)

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Supreme Court, Oral argument, decision-making, ideology, advocacy, polarization, empirical legal studies

4.

The Effect of Judicial Ideology in Intellectual Property Cases

2nd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 03 Jul 2007
Matthew Sag, Tonja Jacobi and Maxim Sytch
Emory University School of Law, Emory University School of Law and University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business
Downloads 574 (70,650)
Citation 1

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intellectual property, ideology, politics, attitudinal model, empirical, supreme court, federal circuit, patent, copyright, trademark, trade secret

5.

The Strategic Analysis of Judicial Decisions

Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 6, pp. 341-358, 2010
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 14 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 20 Nov 2010
Lee Epstein and Tonja Jacobi
University of Southern California and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 506 (82,309)
Citation 3

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Downloads 383 (114,095)
Citation 5

Legal Doctrine and Political Control

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 05-11
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 06 Jul 2005
Tonja Jacobi and Emerson H. Tiller
Emory University School of Law and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 383 (113,182)
Citation 5

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Positive Political Theory, Legal Doctrine, Judicial Hierarchy

Legal Doctrine and Political Control

The Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, Vol. 23, Issue 2, pp. 326-345, 2007
Posted: 23 Jun 2008
Tonja Jacobi and Emerson H. Tiller
Emory University School of Law and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law

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7.

Ideology and Exceptionalism in Intellectual Property: An Empirical Study

California Law Review, Vol. 97, p. 801, 2009, The DePaul University College of Law, Technology, Law & Culture Research Series Paper No. 09-009
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 29 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2010
Matthew Sag, Tonja Jacobi and Maxim Sytch
Emory University School of Law, Emory University School of Law and University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business
Downloads 296 (150,561)
Citation 1

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Intellectual Property, Ideology, Politics, Attitudinal model, Empirical

8.

Supreme Irrelevance: The Court's Abdication in Criminal Procedure Jurisprudence

UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2018
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 22 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2018
Tonja Jacobi and Ross Berlin
Emory University School of Law and Minnesota Court of Appeals #315B
Downloads 291 (153,222)

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criminal procedure, supreme court, death penalty, search and seizure, terry stops, plea bargaining

9.

The Law and Economics of the Exclusionary Rule

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 87, No. 2, 2011
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 14 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 03 Jan 2012
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 271 (164,785)
Citation 10

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10.

The Judicial Signaling Game: How Judges Shape Their Dockets

Supreme Court Economic Review, 2006, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 05-09
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 06 Apr 2005
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 250 (178,381)
Citation 5

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Courts, information asymmetry, agenda setting, certiorari, litigation

11.

League Structure & Stadium Rent Seeking - The Role of Antitrust Revisited

Florida Law Review, Forthcoming, Loyola University Chicago School of Law Research Paper No. 2012-006, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 12-05
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 12 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2012
David D. Haddock, Tonja Jacobi and Matthew Sag
Northwestern University - School of Law and Department of Economics, Emory University School of Law and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 241 (184,956)
Citation 1

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Antitrust, Competition, Sport, League Structure, Promotion-and-relegation

Competing Models of Judicial Coalition Formation and Case Outcome Determination

Northwestern Law & Economics Research Paper No. 06-09
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 29 Nov 2006 Last Revised: 12 Jan 2009
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 177 (245,012)

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law and economics, legal procedure, the legal system and illegal behavior, econometric and statistical methods, analysis of collective decision-making, economic models of political processes

Competing Models of Judicial Coalition Formation and Case Outcome Determination

The Journal of Legal Analysis, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 411-458, Summer 2009
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 28 Aug 2009
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 52 (546,887)
Citation 3

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competing, models, judicial, coalition, formation, case outcome, determination, Jacobi

13.

Strategy and Tactics in NFIB v. Sebelius

Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 12-14
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 22 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 18 Sep 2012
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 222 (200,018)
Citation 4

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Constitutional law, Judicial politics, Commerce clause, federalism

14.

Miranda 2.0

Number of pages: 74 Posted: 06 Sep 2015
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 199 (221,155)

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Constitutional Criminal Procedure, Miranda, Interrogation, False Confesssion, Police, Innocence, Psychology

15.

The Subtle Unraveling of Federalism: The Illogic of Using State Legislation as Evidence of an Evolving National Consensus

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 05-15, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 05-19, North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 84, 2006
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 29 Sep 2005 Last Revised: 04 May 2010
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 195 (225,114)
Citation 1

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cruel and unusual, eighth amendment, constitutional law, death penalty, Supreme Court, state legislation, federalism, methodology

Taking the Measure of Ideology: Empirically Measuring Supreme Court Cases

Georgetown Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 19 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 24 May 2012
Tonja Jacobi and Matthew Sag
Emory University School of Law and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 186 (234,619)

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Judicial behavior, Empirical legal studies, Measurement, Ideology, Collegiality, Strategic behavior, Intellectual property, Supreme Court

Taking the Measure of Ideology: Empirically Measuring Supreme Court Cases

APSA 2009 Toronto Meeting Paper
Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2009
Tonja Jacobi and Matthew Sag
Emory University School of Law and Emory University School of Law

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Judicial behavior, Empirical legal studies, Measurement, Ideology, Collegiality, Strategic behavior, Intellectual property, Supreme Court

17.

Judicial Conflicts and Voting Agreement: Evidence from Interruptions at Oral Argument

Boston College Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2018
Tonja Jacobi and Kyle Rozema
Emory University School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 166 (258,628)

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18.

The Attrition of Rights Under Parole

87 Southern California Law Review 887 (2014) , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2014-37
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 19 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 26 Nov 2014
Tonja Jacobi, L. Song Richardson and Gregory Barr
Emory University School of Law, Colorado College and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 164 (261,293)
Citation 3

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parole, criminal law, search & seizure, constitutional rights, Fourth Amendment, Fifth Amendment, Sixth Amendment, stops, frisk, search, arrest, empirical

19.

Acknowledging Guilt: Forcing Self-Identification in Post-Conviction DNA Testing

Northwestern University School of Law, Law and Economics Research Paper, Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 102, No. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 18 Feb 2007 Last Revised: 04 May 2010
Tonja Jacobi and Gwendolyn Carroll
Emory University School of Law and Northwestern University
Downloads 163 (262,656)

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DNA, screening, innocence project, post-conviction, private information, constitutional criminal, constitutional, criminal

20.

The Hidden Psychology of Constitutional Criminal Procedure

Number of pages: 65 Posted: 06 Sep 2015
Jesse-Justin Cuevas and Tonja Jacobi
U.S. District Court for the Central District of California and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 150 (281,002)

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Constitutional Criminal Procedure, Gender, Juveniles, Mental Disability, Psychology, Consent, Waiver, Miranda, Interrogation, Police, Terry Stops

21.

How the Dissent Becomes the Majority: Using Federalism to Transform Coalitions in the U.S. Supreme Court

USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 05-21, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 846585, Duke Law Journal, Vol. 59, No. 2, 2009
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 11 Nov 2005 Last Revised: 04 May 2010
Vanessa Anne Baird and Tonja Jacobi
University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Political Science and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 150 (281,002)
Citation 4

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Supreme Court, Ideology, Dissent, Majority, Federalism, Coalition

22.
Downloads 132 (310,621)

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Filibuster, Reconciliation, Legislation, Constitution, Judicial Review, Majoritarianism

23.

Oral Argument in the Time of COVID: The Chief Plays Calvinball

Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal, ___ (2021)
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 23 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 04 Jan 2021
Emory University School of Law, University of Minnesota, Oklahoma State University - Stillwater and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 129 (315,977)
Citation 1

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Coronavirus, COVID-19, Pandemic, Institutions, Adaptation, Supreme Court, Oral Argument, Empirical Legal Studies

24.

The Impact of Positive Political Theory on Old Questions of Constitutional Law and the Separation of Powers

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 100, No. 1, 2006
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 May 2010
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 123 (327,286)

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Positive Political Theory, Ideology, Strategy, Legalism, Separation of Powers

25.

The Corrosive Effect of Inevitable Discovery on the Fourth Amendment

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 171, 2023 Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 22-19
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 15 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 06 Jun 2022
Tonja Jacobi and Elliot Louthen
Downloads 118 (337,103)

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constitutional criminal procedure, inevitable discovery, exclusionary rule, Fourth Amendment, Roberts Court, Circuit split

26.

The Second Dimension of the Supreme Court

William & Mary Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 24 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2015
Joshua B. Fischman and Tonja Jacobi
University of Virginia School of Law and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 113 (347,486)
Citation 4

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Supreme Court, Empirical Legal Studies, Policy, Legalism, Pragmatism, Formalism, Ideology, Politics

27.
Downloads 112 (349,586)

Why Judges Always Vote

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 13-19
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 30 May 2013 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2013
Tonja Jacobi and Eugene Kontorovich
Emory University School of Law and George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty
Downloads 64 (494,631)

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courts, judges, voting, median voter, abstention

Why Judges Always Vote

2 Revista Forumul Judecătorilor 80 (2013), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-29
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 23 May 2014 Last Revised: 06 Jul 2014
Tonja Jacobi and Eugene Kontorovich
Emory University School of Law and George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty
Downloads 48 (566,494)

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courts, judges, voting, median voter, abstention

28.

Comparative Exceptionalism? Strategy and Ideology in the High Court of Australia

The American Journal of Comparative Law, Forthcoming, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 21-05, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 21-25
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 31 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2021
Tonja Jacobi, Zoe Robinson and Patrick Leslie
Emory University School of Law, Australian National University, School of Politics and International Relations and Australian National University (ANU)
Downloads 106 (363,055)

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Judicial behavior, law and courts, oral argument, Australia, comparative law

29.

Super Medians

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 06 May 2010
Lee Epstein and Tonja Jacobi
University of Southern California and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 93 (395,018)

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Supreme Court, Median, Ideology, Measurement, Power, Judiciary

30.

Creating a Self-Stabilizing Constitution: The Role of the Takings Clause

Northwestern University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 25 Jan 2015
Tonja Jacobi, Sonia Mittal and Barry R. Weingast
Emory University School of Law, Yale University - Law School and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 91 (400,463)
Citation 1

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constitutions, self-enforcing, political institutions, takings clause

31.

Criminal Innovation and the Warrant Requirement: Reconsidering the Rights-Police Efficiency Trade-Off

William & Mary Law Review, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-19
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 24 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2014
Tonja Jacobi and Jonah Kind
Emory University School of Law and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 78 (438,979)
Citation 1

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Constiutional Criminal Procedure, Fourth Amendment, Warrant, Criminal Innovation, Email, Encryption

32.

The Role of Politics and Economics in Explaining Variation in Litigation Rates in the U.S. States

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 23 Nov 2010
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 75 (448,653)
Citation 3

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litigation, judges, economic growth, divided government

33.

Strategic Judicial Preference Revelation

Bustos, Á., & Jacobi, T. (2014). Strategic judicial preference revelation. The Journal of Law and Economics, 57(1), 113-137.
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 23 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 21 Feb 2020
Álvaro E. Bustos and Tonja Jacobi
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 58 (511,624)
Citation 1

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34.

A Theory of Judicial Retirement

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-33, Bustos, A., & Jacobi, T. (2015). A theory of justices’ retirement. American Law and Economics Review, 17(2), 529-565.
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 13 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 21 Feb 2020
Álvaro E. Bustos and Tonja Jacobi
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 54 (528,619)
Citation 1

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Probability of Retirement, Supreme Court, Median Ideology, Judicial Ideology

35.

The Law of Disposable Children: Discipline in Schools

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 01 Sep 2022
Tonja Jacobi and Riley Clafton
Emory University School of Law and United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Downloads 48 (556,008)

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School Children, School Discipline, Fourth Amendment, Supreme Court

36.

Judicial Agenda Setting Through Signaling and Strategic Litigant Responses

Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, Vol. 29, 2009, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 10-18
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 04 May 2010 Last Revised: 11 May 2010
Vanessa Anne Baird and Tonja Jacobi
University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Political Science and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 47 (560,734)
Citation 2

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Supreme Court, Signalling, Agenda Setting, Litigants, Certiorari

37.

Judicial Choice Among Cases for Certiorari

Bustos, Á., & Jacobi, T. (2019). Judicial Choice among Cases for Certiorari. Supreme Court Economic Review, 27(1), 117-154.
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 16 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2021
Álvaro E. Bustos and Tonja Jacobi
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 46 (565,678)

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Cert, distribution of judicial ideologies, distribution of judicial cases, Supreme Court

38.

The Senatorial Courtesy Game: Explaining the Norm of Informal Vetoes in ‘Advice and Consent’ Nominations

Legislative Studies Quarterly, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 193-217, 2005
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 04 May 2010
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 45 (570,602)

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Senatorial Courtesy, Norms, Vetoes, Judicial Nominations, President, Senate, Confirmation

39.

Sharing the Love: The Political Power of Remedial Delay in Same-Sex Marriage Cases

Law & Sexuality, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2006
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 04 May 2010
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 43 (580,756)
Citation 2

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Same-sex Marriage, Civil Union, Gay Rights, Judiciary, Legislature, Strategic Interaction

40.

The Law of Disposable Children: Searches in Schools

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 01 Sep 2022
Tonja Jacobi and Riley Clafton
Emory University School of Law and United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Downloads 24 (701,248)

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Fourth Amendment, Search, Schools, Children, School Discipline, Supreme Court

41.

Searches Without Suspicion: Avoiding a Four Million Person Underclass

B.Y.U.­­­ Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 01 Sep 2022
Tonja Jacobi and Addie Maguire
Emory University School of Law and Orleans Public Defenders
Downloads 23 (709,130)

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Fourth Amendment, Suspicionless Search, Warrant requirement

42.

Communicating Judicial Retirement

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-32, Bustos, A., & Jacobi, T. (2015). Communicating judicial retirement. International Review of Law and Economics, 43, 107-118.
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 13 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 21 Feb 2020
Álvaro E. Bustos and Tonja Jacobi
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 23 (709,130)
Citation 2

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Retirement, Supreme Court, Costless Signaling

43.

The Role of Theory in Empirical Legal Studies

Comparative Constitutional Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 06 Oct 2022
Tonja Jacobi
Emory University School of Law
Downloads 22 (717,155)

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Empirical Legal Studies, Constitutional Law, Comparative Constitutional Law, Theory, Regression, Data

44.

SCOTUS in the Time of COVID: The Evolution of Justice Dynamics during Oral Arguments

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 28 Sep 2022
Oklahoma State University - Stillwater, Emory University School of Law, University of Minnesota and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 19 (742,039)

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Supreme Court, Oral Argument, Covid, Chief Justice, Judicial Behavior

45.

Querying the Gender Dynamics of Interruptions at Australian Oral Argument

UNSW Law Journal Forum, 2020
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Oct 2020
Tonja Jacobi, Zoe Robinson and Patrick Leslie
Emory University School of Law, Australian National University, School of Politics and International Relations and Australian National University (ANU)
Downloads 8 (849,123)

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Law and Courts, High Court of Australia, Empirical Legal Studies