Tonja Jacobi

Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law

375 E. Chicago Ave

Chicago, IL 60611

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

39

DOWNLOADS
Rank 3,983

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,983

in Total Papers Downloads

11,109

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 11,948

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 11,948

in Total Papers Citations

35

CROSSREF CITATIONS

61

Scholarly Papers (39)

1.

Justice, Interrupted: The Effect of Gender, Ideology and Seniority at Supreme Court Oral Arguments

103 Virginia Law Review 1379 (2017), Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 17-03
Number of pages: 108 Posted: 16 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2017
Tonja Jacobi and Dylan Schweers
Downloads 4,476 (2,237)

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Oral arguments, Supreme Court, ideology, gender, seniority, interruptions, judicial behavior, advocate behavior

2.

Taking Laughter Seriously at the Supreme Court

Vanderbilt Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 13 Mar 2019
Tonja Jacobi and Matthew Sag
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law and Loyola University Chicago School of Law
Downloads 652 (46,007)

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Humor, Laughter, Advocacy, Oral argument, Supreme Court, Judges, Justices of the Supreme Court, Polarization, Judicial decision-making, Judicial behavior, Empirical legal studies

3.

The Effect of Judicial Ideology in Intellectual Property Cases

2nd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 03 Jul 2007
Matthew Sag, Tonja Jacobi and Maxim Sytch
Loyola University Chicago School of Law, Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law and University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business
Downloads 555 (56,587)
Citation 1

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intellectual property, ideology, politics, attitudinal model, empirical, supreme court, federal circuit, patent, copyright, trademark, trade secret

4.

The New Oral Argument: Justices as Advocates

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 94, 2019
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 06 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2018
Tonja Jacobi and Matthew Sag
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law and Loyola University Chicago School of Law
Downloads 532 (59,638)

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Supreme Court, Oral argument, decision-making, ideology, advocacy, polarization, empirical legal studies

5.

The Strategic Analysis of Judicial Decisions

Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 6, pp. 341-358, 2010
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 14 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 20 Nov 2010
Lee Epstein and Tonja Jacobi
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 438 (75,836)
Citation 3

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6.
Downloads 361 ( 94,926)
Citation 5

Legal Doctrine and Political Control

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 05-11
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 06 Jul 2005
Tonja Jacobi and Emerson H. Tiller
Downloads 361 (94,205)
Citation 5

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Positive Political Theory, Legal Doctrine, Judicial Hierarchy

Legal Doctrine and Political Control

The Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, Vol. 23, Issue 2, pp. 326-345, 2007
Posted: 23 Jun 2008
Tonja Jacobi and Emerson H. Tiller

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7.

Ideology and Exceptionalism in Intellectual Property: An Empirical Study

California Law Review, Vol. 97, p. 801, 2009, The DePaul University College of Law, Technology, Law & Culture Research Series Paper No. 09-009
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 29 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2010
Matthew Sag, Tonja Jacobi and Maxim Sytch
Loyola University Chicago School of Law, Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law and University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business
Downloads 284 (123,481)
Citation 1

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Intellectual Property, Ideology, Politics, Attitudinal model, Empirical

8.

Supreme Irrelevance: The Court's Abdication in Criminal Procedure Jurisprudence

UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2018
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 22 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2018
Tonja Jacobi and Ross Berlin
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law and Minnesota Court of Appeals #315B
Downloads 273 (128,733)

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criminal procedure, supreme court, death penalty, search and seizure, terry stops, plea bargaining

9.

The Law and Economics of the Exclusionary Rule

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 87, No. 2, 2011
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 14 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 03 Jan 2012
Tonja Jacobi
Downloads 261 (134,952)
Citation 10

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10.

The Judicial Signaling Game: How Judges Shape Their Dockets

Supreme Court Economic Review, 2006, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 05-09
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 06 Apr 2005
Tonja Jacobi
Downloads 247 (142,611)
Citation 5

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Courts, information asymmetry, agenda setting, certiorari, litigation

11.

League Structure & Stadium Rent Seeking - The Role of Antitrust Revisited

Florida Law Review, Forthcoming, Loyola University Chicago School of Law Research Paper No. 2012-006, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 12-05
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 12 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2012
David D. Haddock, Tonja Jacobi and Matthew Sag
Downloads 229 (153,335)
Citation 1

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Antitrust, Competition, Sport, League Structure, Promotion-and-relegation

Competing Models of Judicial Coalition Formation and Case Outcome Determination

Northwestern Law & Economics Research Paper No. 06-09
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 29 Nov 2006 Last Revised: 12 Jan 2009
Tonja Jacobi
Downloads 172 (199,364)

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law and economics, legal procedure, the legal system and illegal behavior, econometric and statistical methods, analysis of collective decision-making, economic models of political processes

Competing Models of Judicial Coalition Formation and Case Outcome Determination

The Journal of Legal Analysis, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 411-458, Summer 2009
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 28 Aug 2009
Tonja Jacobi
Downloads 48 (456,530)
Citation 3

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competing, models, judicial, coalition, formation, case outcome, determination, Jacobi

13.

Strategy and Tactics in NFIB v. Sebelius

Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 12-14
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 22 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 18 Sep 2012
Tonja Jacobi
Downloads 207 (168,787)
Citation 4

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Constitutional law, Judicial politics, Commerce clause, federalism

14.

The Subtle Unraveling of Federalism: The Illogic of Using State Legislation as Evidence of an Evolving National Consensus

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 05-15, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 05-19, North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 84, 2006
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 29 Sep 2005 Last Revised: 04 May 2010
Tonja Jacobi
Downloads 190 (182,623)

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cruel and unusual, eighth amendment, constitutional law, death penalty, Supreme Court, state legislation, federalism, methodology

15.

Miranda 2.0

Number of pages: 74 Posted: 06 Sep 2015
Tonja Jacobi
Downloads 186 (186,169)

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Constitutional Criminal Procedure, Miranda, Interrogation, False Confesssion, Police, Innocence, Psychology

Taking the Measure of Ideology: Empirically Measuring Supreme Court Cases

Georgetown Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 19 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 24 May 2012
Tonja Jacobi and Matthew Sag
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law and Loyola University Chicago School of Law
Downloads 175 (196,380)

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Judicial behavior, Empirical legal studies, Measurement, Ideology, Collegiality, Strategic behavior, Intellectual property, Supreme Court

Taking the Measure of Ideology: Empirically Measuring Supreme Court Cases

APSA 2009 Toronto Meeting Paper
Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2009
Tonja Jacobi and Matthew Sag
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law and Loyola University Chicago School of Law

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Judicial behavior, Empirical legal studies, Measurement, Ideology, Collegiality, Strategic behavior, Intellectual property, Supreme Court

17.

Acknowledging Guilt: Forcing Self-Identification in Post-Conviction DNA Testing

Northwestern University School of Law, Law and Economics Research Paper, Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 102, No. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 18 Feb 2007 Last Revised: 04 May 2010
Tonja Jacobi and Gwendolyn Carroll
Downloads 159 (213,055)

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DNA, screening, innocence project, post-conviction, private information, constitutional criminal, constitutional, criminal

18.

Judicial Conflicts and Voting Agreement: Evidence from Interruptions at Oral Argument

Boston College Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2018
Tonja Jacobi and Kyle Rozema
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 153 (220,022)

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19.

How the Dissent Becomes the Majority: Using Federalism to Transform Coalitions in the U.S. Supreme Court

USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 05-21, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 846585, Duke Law Journal, Vol. 59, No. 2, 2009
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 11 Nov 2005 Last Revised: 04 May 2010
Vanessa Anne Baird and Tonja Jacobi
University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Political Science and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 148 (226,110)
Citation 4

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Supreme Court, Ideology, Dissent, Majority, Federalism, Coalition

20.

The Attrition of Rights Under Parole

87 Southern California Law Review 887 (2014) , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2014-37
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 19 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 26 Nov 2014
Tonja Jacobi, L. Song Richardson and Gregory Barr
Downloads 146 (228,631)
Citation 3

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parole, criminal law, search & seizure, constitutional rights, Fourth Amendment, Fifth Amendment, Sixth Amendment, stops, frisk, search, arrest, empirical

21.

The Hidden Psychology of Constitutional Criminal Procedure

Number of pages: 65 Posted: 06 Sep 2015
Jesse-Justin Cuevas and Tonja Jacobi
U.S. District Court for the Central District of California and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 129 (252,157)

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Constitutional Criminal Procedure, Gender, Juveniles, Mental Disability, Psychology, Consent, Waiver, Miranda, Interrogation, Police, Terry Stops

22.

The Impact of Positive Political Theory on Old Questions of Constitutional Law and the Separation of Powers

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 100, No. 1, 2006
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 May 2010
Tonja Jacobi
Downloads 110 (283,071)

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Positive Political Theory, Ideology, Strategy, Legalism, Separation of Powers

23.
Downloads 101 (300,217)

Why Judges Always Vote

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 13-19
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 30 May 2013 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2013
Tonja Jacobi and Eugene Kontorovich
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law and George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty
Downloads 56 (425,570)

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courts, judges, voting, median voter, abstention

Why Judges Always Vote

2 Revista Forumul Judecătorilor 80 (2013), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-29
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 23 May 2014 Last Revised: 06 Jul 2014
Tonja Jacobi and Eugene Kontorovich
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law and George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty
Downloads 45 (469,258)

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courts, judges, voting, median voter, abstention

24.

The Second Dimension of the Supreme Court

William & Mary Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 24 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2015
Joshua B. Fischman and Tonja Jacobi
University of Virginia School of Law and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 99 (304,179)
Citation 2

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Supreme Court, Empirical Legal Studies, Policy, Legalism, Pragmatism, Formalism, Ideology, Politics

25.

Creating a Self-Stabilizing Constitution: The Role of the Takings Clause

Northwestern University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 25 Jan 2015
Tonja Jacobi, Sonia Mittal and Barry R. Weingast
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law, Yale University - Law School and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 83 (339,788)
Citation 1

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constitutions, self-enforcing, political institutions, takings clause

26.

Super Medians

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 06 May 2010
Lee Epstein and Tonja Jacobi
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 83 (339,788)

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Supreme Court, Median, Ideology, Measurement, Power, Judiciary

27.

Criminal Innovation and the Warrant Requirement: Reconsidering the Rights-Police Efficiency Trade-Off

William & Mary Law Review, Forthcoming, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-19
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 24 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2014
Tonja Jacobi and Jonah Kind
Downloads 77 (355,071)

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Constiutional Criminal Procedure, Fourth Amendment, Warrant, Criminal Innovation, Email, Encryption

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Filibuster, Reconciliation, Legislation, Constitution, Judicial Review, Majoritarianism

29.

Oral Argument in the Time of COVID: The Chief Plays Calvinball

Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal, ___ (2021)
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 23 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 04 Jan 2021
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law, University of Minnesota, Oklahoma State University - Stillwater and Loyola University Chicago School of Law
Downloads 71 (371,538)
Citation 1

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Coronavirus, COVID-19, Pandemic, Institutions, Adaptation, Supreme Court, Oral Argument, Empirical Legal Studies

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litigation, judges, economic growth, divided government

31.

Strategic Judicial Preference Revelation

Bustos, Á., & Jacobi, T. (2014). Strategic judicial preference revelation. The Journal of Law and Economics, 57(1), 113-137.
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 23 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 21 Feb 2020
Álvaro E. Bustos and Tonja Jacobi
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 55 (422,629)
Citation 1

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32.

A Theory of Judicial Retirement

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-33, Bustos, A., & Jacobi, T. (2015). A theory of justices’ retirement. American Law and Economics Review, 17(2), 529-565.
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 13 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 21 Feb 2020
Álvaro E. Bustos and Tonja Jacobi
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 49 (444,649)

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Probability of Retirement, Supreme Court, Median Ideology, Judicial Ideology

33.

Judicial Agenda Setting Through Signaling and Strategic Litigant Responses

Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, Vol. 29, 2009, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 10-18
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 04 May 2010 Last Revised: 11 May 2010
Vanessa Anne Baird and Tonja Jacobi
University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Political Science and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 45 (460,512)
Citation 2

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Supreme Court, Signalling, Agenda Setting, Litigants, Certiorari

34.

Sharing the Love: The Political Power of Remedial Delay in Same-Sex Marriage Cases

Law & Sexuality, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2006
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 04 May 2010
Tonja Jacobi
Downloads 42 (473,174)
Citation 2

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Same-sex Marriage, Civil Union, Gay Rights, Judiciary, Legislature, Strategic Interaction

35.

Judicial Choice Among Cases for Certiorari

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 16 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2016
Álvaro E. Bustos and Tonja Jacobi
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 41 (477,456)

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Cert, distribution of judicial ideologies, distribution of judicial cases, Supreme Court

36.

The Senatorial Courtesy Game: Explaining the Norm of Informal Vetoes in ‘Advice and Consent’ Nominations

Legislative Studies Quarterly, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 193-217, 2005
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 04 May 2010
Tonja Jacobi
Downloads 39 (486,370)

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Senatorial Courtesy, Norms, Vetoes, Judicial Nominations, President, Senate, Confirmation

37.

Communicating Judicial Retirement

Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 14-32, Bustos, A., & Jacobi, T. (2015). Communicating judicial retirement. International Review of Law and Economics, 43, 107-118.
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 13 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 21 Feb 2020
Álvaro E. Bustos and Tonja Jacobi
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law
Downloads 23 (572,253)
Citation 2

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Retirement, Supreme Court, Costless Signaling

38.

Comparative Oral Argument: What Australia Can Teach Us About the United States Supreme Court (and Vice Versa)

Number of pages: 82 Posted: 17 Oct 2020
Tonja Jacobi, Zoe Robinson and Patrick Leslie
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law, Australian National University, School of Politics and International Relations and Australian National University (ANU)
Downloads 22 (578,747)

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Apex Courts, High Court of Australia, Us Supreme Court, Oral Argument, Judicial Behavior

39.

Querying the Gender Dynamics of Interruptions at Australian Oral Argument

UNSW Law Journal Forum, 2020
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Oct 2020
Tonja Jacobi, Zoe Robinson and Patrick Leslie
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law, Australian National University, School of Politics and International Relations and Australian National University (ANU)
Downloads 4 (705,135)

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Law and Courts, High Court of Australia, Empirical Legal Studies